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Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745024/monitoring-daily-events-coping-strategies-and-emotion-during-a-desert-expedition-in-the-middle-east
#1
N Smith, E Barret, G M Sandal
Personnel operating in extreme environmental conditions are exposed to a variety of stressors. Whether a person adjusts to the conditions and is able to cope has implications for their psychological health. In previous extreme-environment work, temporal changes in stress, coping, and emotion have been reported. Building on previous studies, we used a diary methodology to explore temporal changes in and associations between daily events, coping strategies, and affect during a unique hyperarid desert expedition...
May 9, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733496/children-s-stress-related-reports-and-stress-biomarkers-interact-in-their-association-with-metabolic-syndrome-risk
#2
Nathalie Michels, Dante Matthys, Barbara Thumann, Staffan Marild, Stefaan De Henauw
The purpose was to examine the cross-sectional associations of stress-related reports and stress biomarkers with metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk in children while also testing the interaction between stress biomarkers and stress reports. In 353 children (5-10 years old, 7.9% overweight/obese), MetS risk was measured by blood pressure, waist circumference, glucose homeostasis, triglycerides, and high-density cholesterol. Stress was measured by stress-related reports (events, emotions, and internalizing/externalizing problems) and two biomarkers: salivary cortisol (total-day and morning output) and heart rate variability (percentage of consecutive normal RR intervals differing more than 50 ms and low-to-high-frequency ratio)...
May 7, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683254/examining-burnout-profiles-in-relation-to-health-and-well-being-in-the-veterans-health-administration-employee-population
#3
Tamara M Schult, David C Mohr, Katerine Osatuke
The goals of this paper were twofold: (a) To provide a population overview of burnout profiles by occupation in a large, health care sector employee population and (b) to investigate how burnout profiles relate to self-reported health behaviours, chronic conditions, and absenteeism. Burnout profiles were considered by 5 main occupational groups (physicians, nurses, other clinical, administrative, and wage grade [trade, craft, and labor workers]) in survey respondents (n = 86,257 employees). Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine how burnout profiles were associated with health controlling for gender, age, race, ethnicity, and occupational group...
April 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673047/the-association-between-smartphone-use-stress-and-anxiety-a-meta-analytic-review
#4
REVIEW
Zahra Vahedi, Alyssa Saiphoo
Research investigating the various mental, physical, and social effects of smartphone use has proliferated in the previous decade. Two variables of interest in this literature are the levels of anxiety and stress associated with smartphone use. The current meta-analysis aimed to provide the first quantitative review of this literature, as well as determine potential moderators that might influence this relationship. A total of 39 independent samples (N = 21, 736) were used to compute a summary effect size of r = ...
April 19, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656531/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-risk-of-osteoporosis-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#5
Wei-Sheng Huang, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Ya-Mei Bai, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shih-Jen Tsai, Ying-Jay Liou, Mu-Hong Chen
Several studies suggested a relationship between stress and related mental illnesses, such as depression and osteoporosis. However, it was unclear whether patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were at risk of developing osteoporosis in later life. In this study, 6,041 patients with PTSD and 24,164 age- or sex-matched controls were enrolled between 2002 and 2009 in our study and followed up to the end of 2011. Cases of osteoporosis were identified during the follow-up. Patients with PTSD had an elevated likelihood of developing osteoporosis (HR: 2...
April 15, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602207/associations-of-lifetime-traumatic-experience-with-dysfunctional-eating-patterns-and-postsurgery-weight-loss-in-adults-with-obesity-a-retrospective-study
#6
Alexis Ruffault, Fanny Vaugeois, Charles Barsamian, Kàtia Lurbe I Puerto, Gérane Le Quentrec-Creven, Cécile Flahault, Anne-Jeanne Naudé, Margot Ferrand, Claire Rives-Lange, Sébastien Czernichow, Claire Carette
This study aimed to examine the associations of lifetime traumatic experience with presurgery and postsurgery eating pathology and postoperative weight loss in a sample of adult bariatric surgery patients using electronic medical record (EMR) data. Presurgery lifetime exposure to traumatic event, presurgery and postsurgery dysfunctional eating patterns, and post-operative total and excess weight losses were extracted from electronic medical records of 200 adult bariatric surgery patients in 2013 and 2014. Logistic regression analyses were conducted...
March 30, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602200/inhibition-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-depression-through-inflammation
#7
Kyle W Murdock, Angie S LeRoy, Christopher P Fagundes
Inhibition is the ability to stop one's self from responding, or paying attention, to tempting/distracting stimuli or thoughts. Those with poor inhibition are at greater risk of depression and a variety of diseases of older adulthood than those with better inhibition. Inflammation may be a mechanism underlying these links. A total of 840 participants from the Midlife in the United States study completed a neuropsychological measure of inhibition, a self-report measure of depressive symptoms, and a blood draw...
March 30, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528189/petting-away-pre-exam-stress-the-effect-of-therapy-dog-sessions-on-student-well-being
#8
Emma Ward-Griffin, Patrick Klaiber, Hanne K Collins, Rhea L Owens, Stanley Coren, Frances S Chen
Recently, many universities have implemented programmes in which therapy dogs and their handlers visit college campuses. Despite the immense popularity of therapy dog sessions, few randomized studies have empirically tested the efficacy of such programmes. The present study evaluates the efficacy of such a therapy dog programme in improving the well-being of university students. This research incorporates two components: (a) a pre/post within-subjects design, in which 246 participants completed a brief questionnaire immediately before and after a therapy dog session and (b) an experimental design with a delayed-treatment control group, in which all participants completed baseline measures and follow-up measures approximately 10 hr later...
March 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498470/levels-of-neuroticism-differentially-predict-individual-scores-in-the-depression-and-anxiety-dimensions-of-the-tripartite-model-a-multiwave-longitudinal-study
#9
Yini He, Na Song, Jing Xiao, Lixia Cui, Chad M McWhinnie
The associations between neuroticism and depression and anxiety symptoms remain unclear possibly due to the lack of specificity and covariation among common symptoms. The current study hypothesized that neuroticism acts as a vulnerability factor for general distress (GD) and specific depression and anxiety symptoms. We investigated this hypothesis using the "tripartite model" (a well-known dimensional model of anxiety and depression). A sample of 644 college students was recruited from Hunan, China...
March 2, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484812/chronic-pain-in-the-workplace-a-diary-study-of-pain-interference-at-work-and-worker-strain
#10
Zachary L Fragoso, Alyssa K McGonagle
Chronic pain is both prevalent and one of the leading causes of work-related disability. Somatic experiences of pain and pain interference with daily activities at work may lead to psychological distress and strain in workers. In accordance with the appraisal theory of stress, we proposed a model in which pain interference mid-workday predicts negative affect and end-of-workday emotional exhaustion in workers who interact with customers. Further, we proposed that pain interference predicts variance in negative affect and exhaustion beyond somatic experiences of pain, based on our theoretical proposition that pain interference represents a secondary stress appraisal...
February 27, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446236/help-me-if-you-can-psychological-distance-and-help-seeking-intentions-in-employee-supervisor-relations
#11
Izhak Berkovich, Ori Eyal
Social support at work is considered useful in treating job-related stress, and supervisors' emotional support has been found to be the most effective source of support at work. But an understanding of what elements make employees use supervisors as a source of emotional support is lacking. The present qualitative study included in-depth interviews with 24 teachers and 12 principals and a focus group with 12 school counsellors. The findings pointed at 2 groups of determinants of subordinates' intentions of asking socioemotional help from supervisors...
February 15, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431918/examining-the-psychological-and-emotional-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-that-reduce-stress-to-enhance-healthy-behaviours
#12
Sara J Sagui-Henson, Sara M Levens, Cara L Blevins
Engagement in modifiable health behaviours plays a critical role in the development of chronic illnesses. Research suggests that mindfulness facilitates health-enhancing behaviour, yet the influence of mindfulness on different health behaviours and the mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. This study investigated a mediation model that explores psychological and emotional coping processes (reappraisal, suppression, and psychological flexibility) as mechanisms connecting mindfulness to reduced stress perceptions and reactions, which then predict physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, and sleep quality...
February 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703379/stressful-life-events-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-police-officers-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Monica Leppma, Anna Mnatsakanova, Khachatur Sarkisian, Olivia Scott, Leonie Adjeroh, Michael E Andrew, John M Violanti, Erin C McCanlies
Police officers often continue to face numerous threats and stressors in the aftermath of a disaster. To date, posttraumatic growth (PTG) has been studied primarily in the context of significant trauma; thus, it is not known whether stressful life events are associated with PTG. This study investigated the development of PTG among 113 police officers working in the New Orleans area following Hurricane Katrina. Hierarchical regression was used to evaluate if gratitude, social support, and satisfaction with life moderated the relationship between stressful life events (as measured by the total life stress score) and PTG, after adjustment for age, sex, race, level of involvement in Hurricane Katrina, and alcohol intake...
February 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685971/self-compassion-moderates-the-predictive-effects-of-implicit-cognitions-on-subjective-well-being
#14
Wendy J Phillips, Donald W Hine, Anthony D G Marks
This study examined whether self-compassion may regulate the effects of implicit cognitions (automatic and preconscious responses) on the subjective well-being of Australian adults (N = 132). As hypothesized, self-compassion moderated the predictive effects of 2 implicit cognitions (positive attention bias and implicit self-esteem) on 2 indicators of subjective well-being (life satisfaction and depressive symptoms). Low implicit self-esteem and weak positive attention bias predicted more depressive symptoms and lower life satisfaction only for participants who were low in self-compassion...
February 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681480/making-it-fit-associations-of-line-managers-behaviours-with-the-outcomes-of-an-organizational-level-intervention
#15
Robert Lundmark, Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Henna Hasson, Andreas Stenling, Susanne Tafvelin
Line managers' behaviours are important during implementation of occupational health interventions. Still, little is known about how these behaviours are related to intervention outcomes. This study explored the relationship between line managers' intervention-specific transformational leadership (IsTL), intervention fit (the match between the intervention, persons involved, and the surrounding environment), and change in intrinsic motivation and vigour. Both direct and indirect relationships between IsTL and change in intrinsic motivation and vigour were tested...
February 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681395/extending-knowledge-of-illegitimate-tasks-student-satisfaction-anxiety-and-emotional-exhaustion
#16
Marcus J Fila, Erin Eatough
Illegitimate tasks represent assignments that individuals feels they "should not have to do" because they are not appropriate given their role. The primary aim of this study was to broaden existing knowledge on illegitimate tasks beyond workplace contexts by exploring whether this stressor was also negatively related to psychological well-being in higher education students. This study examined illegitimate tasks in relation to student satisfaction, anxiety, and emotional exhaustion in a college student setting through the demand-control-support framework...
February 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664611/value-congruence-and-depressive-symptoms-among-critical-care-clinicians-the-mediating-role-of-moral-distress
#17
Giulia Lamiani, Paola Dordoni, Piergiorgio Argentero
Clinicians working in intensive care units are often exposed to several job stressors that can negatively affect their mental health. Literature has acknowledged the role of value congruence and job control in determining clinicians' psychological well-being and depressive symptoms. However, potential mediators of this association have been scarcely examined. This study aimed to test the mediating role of moral distress in the relationship between value congruence and job control, on the one hand, and depression, on the other hand...
February 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639737/development-and-validation-of-the-workplace-interruptions-measure
#18
Stacy M Wilkes, Larissa K Barber, Arielle P Rogers
In 3 studies, we developed and tested the first comprehensive, self-report measure of workplace interruptions. The Workplace Interruptions Measure (WIM) is based on a typology of interruptions that included intrusions, distractions, discrepancy detections, and breaks. The four-factor structure was reduced to a 12-item measure in Study 1 (N = 317) and confirmed in a diverse sample of employees in Study 2 (N = 160). Study 3 (N = 323) further examined the psychometric properties of the WIM in a sample of university faculty and staff...
February 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639427/resilience-dimensions-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-bipolar-disorder-in-a-follow-up-study
#19
A Echezarraga, E Calvete, A M González-Pinto, C Las Hayas
The individual process of resilience has been related to positive outcomes in mental disorders. We aimed (a) to identify the resilience domains from the Resilience Questionnaire for Bipolar Disorder that are associated cross sectionally and longitudinally with mental health outcomes in bipolar disorder (BD) and (b) to explore cross-lagged associations among resilience factors. A clinical adult sample of 125 patients diagnosed with BD (62.10% female, mean age = 46.13, SD = 10.89) gave their informed consent and completed a battery of disease-specific tools on resilience, personal recovery, symptomatology, psychosocial functioning, and quality of life, at baseline and at follow-up (n = 63, 58...
February 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639354/relationships-between-social-support-and-student-burnout-a-meta-analytic-approach
#20
Boram Kim, Sooin Jee, Joungwha Lee, Sunghee An, Sang Min Lee
This study is a meta-analysis of 19 relevant studies, with 95,434 participants, investigating the relationships between various types of social support and 3 dimensions of student burnout. The overall results indicate that social support is negatively correlated with student burnout. Specifically, school or teacher supports have the strongest negative relationship to student burnout. Social supports from parents and from peers also have a significant negative relationship with student burnout. Among the 3 dimensions of student burnout, inefficacy was more strongly related to social support than emotional exhaustion or cynicism...
February 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
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