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Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407722/college-students-daily-coping-mood-and-quality-of-life-benefits-of-problem-focused-engagement
#1
Leaha Shermeyer, Michael T Morrow, Nicholas Mediate
In this short communication, we investigated the relations of daily coping, mood, and quality of life in college students (n = 74) over seven consecutive days (n = 510). Specifically, we tested whether four types of daily coping (problem-focused engagement, problem-focused disengagement, emotion-focused engagement, and emotion-focused disengagement) were associated with three aspects of daily functioning (negative mood, positive mood, and quality of life). In a single multilevel multivariate regression model, we examined the day-to-day relations of the four coping strategies with mood and quality of life, while controlling for perceived stress...
November 8, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407711/association-of-psychosocial-factors-with-leukocyte-telomere-length-among-african-americans-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#2
Christina D Jordan, LáShauntá M Glover, Yan Gao, Solomon K Musani, Stanford Mwasongwe, James G Wilson, Alex Reiner, Ana Diez-Roux, Mario Sims
Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a biomarker of cellular aging. African Americans report more stress than other groups; however, the association of psychosocial stressors with biological aging among African Americans remains unclear. The current study evaluated the association of psychosocial factors (negative affect and stressors) with LTL in a large sample of African American men and women (n=2,516) from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS). Using multivariable linear regression, we examined the sex-specific associations of psychosocial factors (cynical distrust, anger-in and -out, depressive symptoms, negative affect summary scores, global stress, weekly stress, and major life events-MLEs, and stress summary scores) with LTL...
November 8, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378254/non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-for-cognitive-enhancement-as-response-to-chronic-stress-especially-when-social-support-is-lacking
#3
Sebastian Sattler
The non-medical use of prescription drugs to improve cognitive performance has gained attention due to concerns over its social and political implications as well as side-effects and long-term health consequences. Some researchers expect a future trend of an instrumental use of drugs for cognitive enhancement (CE). Thus, getting insights about causes of CE-drug consumption is warranted before the prevalence increases. Since perceived stress is ubiquitous in universities and may decrease cognitive performance, one reaction to cope with stress and its consequences might be the instrumental use of drugs for CE, especially if other resources, such as social support, are lacking...
October 30, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328241/mindfulness-based-program-for-stress-reduction-in-infertile-women-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Simone F Nery, Sara P C Paiva, Érica L Vieira, Andressa B Barbosa, Edna M Sant'Anna, Maira Casalechi, Cynthia Dela Cruz, Antônio L Teixeira, Fernando M Reis
Infertile women often experience chronic stress, which may have a negative impact on general well-being and may increase the burden of infertility. In this open-label, parallel, randomized controlled trial, infertile women aged 18-50 years (median 37 years) were assigned to an 8-week mindfulness-based program (MBP) or no intervention. The primary outcome was stress severity measured by the Lipp's Stress Symptoms Inventory (ISSL). Data were analyzed by modified intent-to-treat principle, which included all cases available to follow-up regardless of adherence to the intervention (62 participants from the MBP group and 37 from the control group)...
October 16, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318702/neighborhood-stressors-and-psychological-distress-among-u-s-latinos-measuring-the-protective-effects-of-social-support-from-family-and-friends
#5
Georgiana Bostean, Flavia Cristina Drumond Andrade, Edna A Viruell-Fuentes
We examined whether social support from family and friends, separately, reduces the deleterious effect of neighborhood stressors on psychological distress among Latinos by subgroup. Utilizing data from a nationally representative sample of 2,524 Latinos (National Latino and Asian American Survey), we found that neighborhood stressors were associated with higher distress among people with low and average levels of family support, while there was no significant association between neighborhood stressors and distress among those with high levels of family support...
October 14, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311999/the-relationship-between-physical-work-hazards-and-employee-withdrawal-the-moderating-role-of-safety-compliance
#6
Kristin A Horan, Sonia R Singh, Mary T Moeller, Russell A Matthews, Clare L Barratt, Steve M Jex, William H O'Brien
We examined the relationship between physical work hazards and employee withdrawal among a sample of healthcare employees wherein compliance was hypothesized to moderate the relationship between physical work hazards and withdrawal. Healthcare workers (N = 162) completed an online questionnaire assessing physical work hazards, withdrawal, and indicators of workplace safety. Safety compliance moderated the relationship between patient aggression and withdrawal. Interaction plots revealed that for all significant moderations, the relationship between physical work hazards and withdrawal was weaker for those who reported high levels of compliance...
October 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30303299/employees-and-line-managers-active-involvement-in-participatory-organizational-interventions-examining-direct-reversed-and-reciprocal-effects-on-well-being
#7
Susanne Tafvelin, Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Karina Nielsen, Henna Hasson
This study examined how employee participation and perceptions of line managers' support during a participatory organizational intervention were related to well-being over time. While previous studies suggest that employees' and managers' active involvement in participatory organizational interventions may be related to well-being, little is known about the temporal aspects, such as at which time during the intervention these factors matter, or possible reciprocal effects. Building on conservation of resources theory, we tested hypotheses concerning direct, reversed, and reciprocal relationships between employee participation and perceptions of line manager support in relation to well-being...
October 10, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30303270/correlates-of-hair-cortisol-concentrations-in-disadvantaged-young-children
#8
Julian G Simmons, Francisco Azpitarte, Fatou Diallo Roost, Eric Dommers, Nicholas B Allen, Sophie Havighurst, Nick Haslam
Children from highly disadvantaged families tend to experience worse health, educational, and job outcomes than less disadvantaged peers. However, the mechanisms underlying these relationships remain to be explicated. In particular, few studies have investigated the relationships between the psychosocial influences that children are exposed to early in life, and longer-term cortisol output. This study aims to contribute to the literature by exploring how disadvantaged young children's experiences of family adversity, and parenting and family functioning, are related to their long-term cortisol levels...
October 10, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289608/stress-and-sleep-remain-significant-predictors-of-health-after-controlling-for-negative-affect
#9
Grant Benham, Ruby Charak
Prior research has shown that the predictive power of a stress-health model can be improved by the addition of sleep as a predictor variable. However, negative affect (NA) may act as a confounding variable in stress-health relationships: a source of bias that potentially inflates the observed relationship between stress and health. The current study examines whether stress and sleep remain significant predictors of health after controlling for trait NA. An online survey containing well-established measures of stress, sleep, health, and NA was completed by 460 undergraduates...
October 5, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259650/the-effect-of-childhood-sexual-assault-history-on-outpatient-cognitive-processing-therapy-for-military-sexual-trauma-related-ptsd-a-preliminary-investigation
#10
Nicholas Holder, Ryan Holliday, Alina Suris
History of childhood sexual assault (CSA) may result in decreased emotion regulation and interpersonal functioning, potentially affecting the tolerability and effectiveness of evidence based treatments (EBTs) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Survivors of military sexual trauma (MST) have an increased incidence of CSA; however, research examining the role of CSA in EBTs for veterans with MST-related PTSD is limited. Data from 32 (9 male; 23 female) veterans with MST-related PTSD were used from a previously conducted randomized clinical trial examining the effectiveness of an outpatient PTSD EBT (i...
September 26, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221811/a-sample-validation-of-the-adolescent-stress-questionnaire-asq-in-new-zealand
#11
Valerie A Sotardi, Penelope W St J Watson
The Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ) is a 56-item scale measuring stress in 10 domains. The scale has been tested in a number of countries worldwide with mixed support. The current study tested the factor structure, construct validity, and reliability in a sample (n = 1,601) comprising a general population of adolescents in New Zealand. Support was found for the 10-factor structure with adequate internal consistency as well as strong factorial invariance between male and female participants. Significant inverse correlations were found between all ASQ domains and both life satisfaction and perceived academic achievement...
September 17, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221443/applying-a-cognitive-emotional-model-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#12
Jessica C Dawkins, Penelope A Hasking, Mark E Boyes, Danyelle Greene, Chantelle Passchier
The recently proposed Cognitive-Emotional Model of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury draws on emotion regulation models and Social Cognitive Theory to understand the onset, maintenance, and cessation of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). We tested the prediction of the model that the relationship between emotional reactivity and NSSI is moderated by specific cognitions about self-injury (i.e. self-efficacy to resist NSSI, NSSI outcome expectancies), emotion regulation, and rumination. A sample of 647 university students aged 17-25 (M = 19...
September 16, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194896/a-two-wave-panel-study-on-teachers-emotions-and-emotional-labour-strategies
#13
Irena Burić, Ana Slišković, Zvjezdan Penezić
The aim of this study was to examine the reciprocal relations between discrete emotions that teachers typically experience while teaching and interacting with students (i.e. joy, love, anger and hopelessness) and emotional labour strategies (i.e. deep acting and two forms of surface acting - hiding feelings and faking emotions) over time. To address these research aims, two-wave panel design and cross-lagged SEM were implemented. An initial sample of 2022 teachers filled in questionnaires with a time lag of six months...
September 8, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187648/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-passive-leadership-the-mediating-role-of-daytime-sleepiness
#14
Erica L Carleton, Julian Barling
Passive leadership is attracting empirical interest with the detrimental effects of this type of leadership on a broad array of individual and organizational outcomes becoming apparent. However, just why leaders would engage in this type of nonleadership has received less research attention. We investigate whether and how leaders' attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with passive leadership. Using a framework specifying how the physiology of sleepiness impacts the workplace, we hypothesize that leaders' ADHD is associated with passive leadership indirectly through daytime sleepiness...
September 5, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187629/how-classmates-stress-affects-student-s-quality-of-motivation
#15
Diana Raufelder, Rebecca Lazarides, Alexander Lätsch
Over the last decades, more and more adolescents and children feel chronically stressed, which negatively affects their school performance. However, less is known whether classmates' general stress affects an individual student's quality of motivation. Therefore, based on conservation of resources theory, this study examined the precise interplay between general stress and the quality of motivation for students in high- and low-tracking schools considering potential context effects. Results of multilevel multigroup structural equation models with questionnaire data from 1,088 German students identified differences in the relation between general stress and quality of motivation for students from different school forms on both the within and between level...
September 5, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882335/the-influence-of-mastery-on-mother-s-health-in-middle-years-moderating-role-of-stressful-life-context
#16
Victoria King, K A S Wickrama, Eric T Klopack, Frederick O Lorenz
Using data from 416 middle-aged mothers gathered over the course of a decade, this study examined the influence of mastery trajectories (the initial level and change), on change in physical health. Mastery is defined as one's ability to control and influence his/her life and environment to reach a desired outcome or goal. Both the initial level and change in mastery from 1991 to 1994 were associated with decreased physical health problems over the middle years (1991-2001). Contextual moderation of this association by stressful life contexts including negative life events and work-family conflict was investigated...
October 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30133129/how-to-benefit-from-weekend-physical-activities-moderating-roles-of-psychological-recovery-experiences-and-sleep
#17
Seonghee Cho, YoungAh Park
This study examines the short-term recovery benefits of weekend physical activity on reduced negative affective state (NA) on Monday morning, using a weekly diary method from 70 employees across four weekends (repeated pre- and post-weekend measures). The first hypothesis tests the within-person relationship between weekend physical activity and post-weekend NA. The results of multilevel path analysis show that the main effect of weekend physical activity on reduced Monday NA is not significant. In addition, the study tests weekend recovery experiences (i...
August 22, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113771/comparison-of-rest-break-interventions-during-a-mentally-demanding-task
#18
Gerhard Blasche, Barbara Szabo, Michaela Wagner-Menghin, Cem Ekmekcioglu, Erwin Gollner
Research is scarce on ways to enhance the effect of rest breaks during mentally demanding tasks. The present study investigated the effectiveness of two rest-break interventions on well-being during an academic lecture. Sixty-six students (53 females, mean age 22.5 years) enrolled in two different university classes of 4-hr duration participated in the study. Two measures of well-being (fatigue and vigor) were assessed immediately before, after, and 20 minutes after the break. A control condition without a break as well as an unstructured break was compared with breaks either encompassing physical activity or a relaxation exercise...
August 16, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30110520/greater-lifetime-stress-exposure-predicts-blunted-cortisol-but-heightened-dhea-responses-to-acute-stress
#19
Jovian C W Lam, Grant S Shields, Brian C Trainor, George M Slavich, Andrew P Yonelinas
Although prior research has examined how early adversity and chronic stress exposure relate to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses to acute stress, to date, no studies have examined how stressors occurring over the entire lifespan predict such responses. To address this issue, we recruited 61 healthy young adults and measured their exposure to 55 different types of acute life events and chronic difficulties occurring over the lifespan. In addition, we characterized differences in participants' HPA axis responses to acute stress by measuring their salivary cortisol and DHEA responses to the Trier Social Stress Test for Groups...
August 15, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673047/the-association-between-smartphone-use-stress-and-anxiety-a-meta-analytic-review
#20
REVIEW
Zahra Vahedi, Alyssa Saiphoo
Research investigating the various mental, physical, and social effects of smartphone use has proliferated in the previous decade. Two variables of interest in this literature are the levels of anxiety and stress associated with smartphone use. The current meta-analysis aimed to provide the first quantitative review of this literature, as well as determine potential moderators that might influence this relationship. A total of 39 independent samples (N = 21, 736) were used to compute a summary effect size of r = ...
August 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
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