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Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221811/a-sample-validation-of-the-adolescent-stress-questionnaire-asq-in-new-zealand
#1
Valerie A Sotardi, Penelope W St J Watson
The Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ) is a 56-item scale measuring stress in 10 domains. The scale has been tested in a number of countries worldwide with mixed support. The current study tested the factor structure, construct validity, and reliability in a sample (n = 1,601) comprising a general population of adolescents in New Zealand. Support was found for the 10-factor structure with adequate internal consistency as well as strong factorial invariance between male and female participants. Significant inverse correlations were found between all ASQ domains and both life satisfaction and perceived academic achievement...
September 17, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221443/applying-a-cognitive-emotional-model-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#2
Jessica C Dawkins, Penelope A Hasking, Mark E Boyes, Danyelle Greene, Chantelle Passchier
The recently proposed Cognitive-Emotional Model of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury draws on emotion regulation models and Social Cognitive Theory to understand the onset, maintenance, and cessation of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). We tested the prediction of the model that the relationship between emotional reactivity and NSSI is moderated by specific cognitions about self-injury (i.e. self-efficacy to resist NSSI, NSSI outcome expectancies), emotion regulation, and rumination. A sample of 647 university students aged 17-25 (M = 19...
September 16, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194896/a-two-wave-panel-study-on-teachers-emotions-and-emotional-labour-strategies
#3
Irena Burić, Ana Slišković, Zvjezdan Penezić
The aim of this study was to examine the reciprocal relations between discrete emotions that teachers typically experience while teaching and interacting with students (i.e. joy, love, anger and hopelessness) and emotional labour strategies (i.e. deep acting and two forms of surface acting - hiding feelings and faking emotions) over time. To address these research aims, two-wave panel design and cross-lagged SEM were implemented. An initial sample of 2022 teachers filled in questionnaires with a time lag of six months...
September 8, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187648/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-passive-leadership-the-mediating-role-of-daytime-sleepiness
#4
Erica L Carleton, Julian Barling
Passive leadership is attracting empirical interest with the detrimental effects of this type of leadership on a broad array of individual and organizational outcomes becoming apparent. However, just why leaders would engage in this type of nonleadership has received less research attention. We investigate whether and how leaders' attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with passive leadership. Using a framework specifying how the physiology of sleepiness impacts the workplace, we hypothesize that leaders' ADHD is associated with passive leadership indirectly through daytime sleepiness...
September 5, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187629/how-classmates-stress-affects-student-s-quality-of-motivation
#5
Diana Raufelder, Rebecca Lazarides, Alexander Lätsch
Over the last decades, more and more adolescents and children feel chronically stressed, which negatively affects their school performance. However, less is known whether classmates' general stress affects an individual student's quality of motivation. Therefore, based on conservation of resources theory, this study examined the precise interplay between general stress and the quality of motivation for students in high- and low-tracking schools considering potential context effects. Results of multilevel multigroup structural equation models with questionnaire data from 1,088 German students identified differences in the relation between general stress and quality of motivation for students from different school forms on both the within and between level...
September 5, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30133129/how-to-benefit-from-weekend-physical-activities-moderating-roles-of-psychological-recovery-experiences-and-sleep
#6
Seonghee Cho, YoungAh Park
This study examines the short-term recovery benefits of weekend physical activity on reduced negative affective state (NA) on Monday morning, using a weekly diary method from 70 employees across four weekends (repeated pre- and post-weekend measures). The first hypothesis tests the within-person relationship between weekend physical activity and post-weekend NA. The results of multilevel path analysis show that the main effect of weekend physical activity on reduced Monday NA is not significant. In addition, the study tests weekend recovery experiences (i...
August 22, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113771/comparison-of-rest-break-interventions-during-a-mentally-demanding-task
#7
Gerhard Blasche, Barbara Szabo, Michaela Wagner-Menghin, Cem Ekmekcioglu, Erwin Gollner
Research is scarce on ways to enhance the effect of rest breaks during mentally demanding tasks. The present study investigated the effectiveness of two rest-break interventions on well-being during an academic lecture. Sixty-six students (53 females, mean age 22.5 years) enrolled in two different university classes of 4-hr duration participated in the study. Two measures of well-being (fatigue and vigor) were assessed immediately before, after, and 20 minutes after the break. A control condition without a break as well as an unstructured break was compared with breaks either encompassing physical activity or a relaxation exercise...
August 16, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30110520/greater-lifetime-stress-exposure-predicts-blunted-cortisol-but-heightened-dhea-responses-to-acute-stress
#8
Jovian C W Lam, Grant S Shields, Brian C Trainor, George M Slavich, Andrew P Yonelinas
Although prior research has examined how early adversity and chronic stress exposure relate to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses to acute stress, to date, no studies have examined how stressors occurring over the entire lifespan predict such responses. To address this issue, we recruited 61 healthy young adults and measured their exposure to 55 different types of acute life events and chronic difficulties occurring over the lifespan. In addition, we characterized differences in participants' HPA axis responses to acute stress by measuring their salivary cortisol and DHEA responses to the Trier Social Stress Test for Groups...
August 15, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051964/higher-use-of-techniques-studied-and-performance-in-melee-combat-produce-a-higher-psychophysiological-stress-response
#9
Montaña Diaz-Manzano, Juan P Fuentes, Jesús Fernandez-Lucas, Susana Aznar-Lain, Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez
We aimed to analyse the effectiveness of an operative training in soldiers' psychophysiological and melee combat performance. Nineteen soldiers performed a 50-hr training for 10 weeks. After training, they were divided into two groups: higher performance group (HPG) and lower performance group (LPG), then they conducted a realistic melee simulation where psychophysiological response, task performance, and the utilization of techniques learned were measured. HPG presented a significantly (p < 0.05) higher heart rate, blood lactate, and jump height; a lower blood oxygen saturation, task performance mark, use of studied techniques than LPG after the simulation; and a higher low frequency/high frequency ratio of heart rate variability previous the simulation than LPG...
July 27, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29993178/a-german-version-of-the-three-dimensional-work-fatigue-inventory-3d-wfi-factor-structure-internal-consistency-and-correlates
#10
Michael R Frone, Dorota Reis, Charlotte Ottenstein
Work fatigue represents an essential construct for understanding employee health and safety. In this study, we developed and explored the psychometric properties of a German version of the Three-Dimensional Work Fatigue Inventory and examined a set of hypothesized correlates of work fatigue. Data came from a sample of 439 German workers. Consistent with the original measure, confirmatory factor analyses supported a three-factor solution (physical, mental, and emotional work fatigue), and estimates of internal consistency reliability exceeded ...
July 11, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956456/the-relation-of-atypical-antipsychotic-use-and-stress-with-weight-in-individuals-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#11
Joya N Hampton, Hanan D Trotman, Jean Addington, Carrie E Bearden, Kristin S Cadenhead, Tyrone D Cannon, Barbara A Cornblatt, Daniel H Mathalon, Thomas H McGlashan, Ming T Tsuang, Diana O Perkins, Larry J Seidman, Scott W Woods, Elaine F Walker
Atypical antipsychotics (AT) and stress are related to weight gain in individuals with severe mental illness. This cross-sectional study examines AT use, stressful life events, and baseline weight in a sample of youth at clinical high risk for psychosis. Results showed that dependent and desirable life events moderated the relationship between AT use and weight after controlling for demographic factors and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant (AD) use. The relation of AD and weight was explored as a secondary analysis and showed no relation between AD use and weight...
June 28, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673047/the-association-between-smartphone-use-stress-and-anxiety-a-meta-analytic-review
#12
REVIEW
Zahra Vahedi, Alyssa Saiphoo
Research investigating the various mental, physical, and social effects of smartphone use has proliferated in the previous decade. Two variables of interest in this literature are the levels of anxiety and stress associated with smartphone use. The current meta-analysis aimed to provide the first quantitative review of this literature, as well as determine potential moderators that might influence this relationship. A total of 39 independent samples (N = 21, 736) were used to compute a summary effect size of r = ...
August 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656531/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-risk-of-osteoporosis-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#13
Wei-Sheng Huang, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Ya-Mei Bai, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shih-Jen Tsai, Ying-Jay Liou, Mu-Hong Chen
Several studies suggested a relationship between stress and related mental illnesses, such as depression and osteoporosis. However, it was unclear whether patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were at risk of developing osteoporosis in later life. In this study, 6,041 patients with PTSD and 24,164 age- or sex-matched controls were enrolled between 2002 and 2009 in our study and followed up to the end of 2011. Cases of osteoporosis were identified during the follow-up. Patients with PTSD had an elevated likelihood of developing osteoporosis (HR: 2...
August 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602207/associations-of-lifetime-traumatic-experience-with-dysfunctional-eating-patterns-and-postsurgery-weight-loss-in-adults-with-obesity-a-retrospective-study
#14
Alexis Ruffault, Fanny Vaugeois, Charles Barsamian, Kàtia Lurbe I Puerto, Gérane Le Quentrec-Creven, Cécile Flahault, Anne-Jeanne Naudé, Margot Ferrand, Claire Rives-Lange, Sébastien Czernichow, Claire Carette
This study aimed to examine the associations of lifetime traumatic experience with presurgery and postsurgery eating pathology and postoperative weight loss in a sample of adult bariatric surgery patients using electronic medical record (EMR) data. Presurgery lifetime exposure to traumatic event, presurgery and postsurgery dysfunctional eating patterns, and post-operative total and excess weight losses were extracted from electronic medical records of 200 adult bariatric surgery patients in 2013 and 2014. Logistic regression analyses were conducted...
August 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602200/inhibition-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-depression-through-inflammation
#15
Kyle W Murdock, Angie S LeRoy, Christopher P Fagundes
Inhibition is the ability to stop one's self from responding, or paying attention, to tempting/distracting stimuli or thoughts. Those with poor inhibition are at greater risk of depression and a variety of diseases of older adulthood than those with better inhibition. Inflammation may be a mechanism underlying these links. A total of 840 participants from the Midlife in the United States study completed a neuropsychological measure of inhibition, a self-report measure of depressive symptoms, and a blood draw...
August 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528189/petting-away-pre-exam-stress-the-effect-of-therapy-dog-sessions-on-student-well-being
#16
Emma Ward-Griffin, Patrick Klaiber, Hanne K Collins, Rhea L Owens, Stanley Coren, Frances S Chen
Recently, many universities have implemented programmes in which therapy dogs and their handlers visit college campuses. Despite the immense popularity of therapy dog sessions, few randomized studies have empirically tested the efficacy of such programmes. The present study evaluates the efficacy of such a therapy dog programme in improving the well-being of university students. This research incorporates two components: (a) a pre/post within-subjects design, in which 246 participants completed a brief questionnaire immediately before and after a therapy dog session and (b) an experimental design with a delayed-treatment control group, in which all participants completed baseline measures and follow-up measures approximately 10 hr later...
August 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498470/levels-of-neuroticism-differentially-predict-individual-scores-in-the-depression-and-anxiety-dimensions-of-the-tripartite-model-a-multiwave-longitudinal-study
#17
Yini He, Na Song, Jing Xiao, Lixia Cui, Chad M McWhinnie
The associations between neuroticism and depression and anxiety symptoms remain unclear possibly due to the lack of specificity and covariation among common symptoms. The current study hypothesized that neuroticism acts as a vulnerability factor for general distress (GD) and specific depression and anxiety symptoms. We investigated this hypothesis using the "tripartite model" (a well-known dimensional model of anxiety and depression). A sample of 644 college students was recruited from Hunan, China...
August 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484812/chronic-pain-in-the-workplace-a-diary-study-of-pain-interference-at-work-and-worker-strain
#18
Zachary L Fragoso, Alyssa K McGonagle
Chronic pain is both prevalent and one of the leading causes of work-related disability. Somatic experiences of pain and pain interference with daily activities at work may lead to psychological distress and strain in workers. In accordance with the appraisal theory of stress, we proposed a model in which pain interference mid-workday predicts negative affect and end-of-workday emotional exhaustion in workers who interact with customers. Further, we proposed that pain interference predicts variance in negative affect and exhaustion beyond somatic experiences of pain, based on our theoretical proposition that pain interference represents a secondary stress appraisal...
August 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446236/help-me-if-you-can-psychological-distance-and-help-seeking-intentions-in-employee-supervisor-relations
#19
Izhak Berkovich, Ori Eyal
Social support at work is considered useful in treating job-related stress, and supervisors' emotional support has been found to be the most effective source of support at work. But an understanding of what elements make employees use supervisors as a source of emotional support is lacking. The present qualitative study included in-depth interviews with 24 teachers and 12 principals and a focus group with 12 school counsellors. The findings pointed at 2 groups of determinants of subordinates' intentions of asking socioemotional help from supervisors...
August 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431918/examining-the-psychological-and-emotional-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-that-reduce-stress-to-enhance-healthy-behaviours
#20
Sara J Sagui-Henson, Sara M Levens, Cara L Blevins
Engagement in modifiable health behaviours plays a critical role in the development of chronic illnesses. Research suggests that mindfulness facilitates health-enhancing behaviour, yet the influence of mindfulness on different health behaviours and the mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. This study investigated a mediation model that explores psychological and emotional coping processes (reappraisal, suppression, and psychological flexibility) as mechanisms connecting mindfulness to reduced stress perceptions and reactions, which then predict physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, and sleep quality...
August 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
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