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Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083109/does-stress-mediate-the-association-between-personal-relative-deprivation-and-gambling
#1
Sandeep Mishra, Tyler J S Meadows
Evidence has linked subjective feelings of personal relative deprivation with general gambling involvement and problem gambling tendencies. In turn, problem gambling tendencies have been linked with a wide array of damaging physical and mental health consequences. It has been theorized that the deleterious effects of perceived inequality on mental and physical health operate at the individual level through the experience of personal relative deprivation leading to psychosocial stress. We empirically examined whether the experience of perceived stress contributes to explaining the deprivation-gambling link using cross-sectional, self-reported survey data collected from a crowdsourced population of adults (n = 565)...
October 30, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990329/educators-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-their-physiological-indicators-of-chronic-stress-over-1%C3%A2-year
#2
Deirdre A Katz, Alexis Harris, Rachel Abenavoli, Mark T Greenberg, Patricia A Jennings
Studies show teaching is a highly stressful profession and that chronic work stress is associated with adverse health outcomes. This study analysed physiological markers of stress and self-reported emotion regulation strategies in a group of middle school teachers over 1 year. Chronic physiological stress was assessed with diurnal cortisol measures at three time points over 1 year (fall, spring, fall). The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate the changes in educators' physiological level of stress...
October 9, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971580/negative-affective-stress-reactivity-the-dampening-effect-of-snacking
#3
Saskia Wouters, Nele Jacobs, Mira Duif, Lilian Lechner, Viviane Thewissen
The present study sets out to further elucidate the complex relationship between daily hassles, snacking, and negative affect (NA). The aim of the present study was to examine whether or not moment-to-moment energy intake from snacks moderates the association between momentary stress and NA. And, if so, can this moderating effect be replicated by using the amount of macronutrient intake (i.e., carbohydrates, fat, and protein) as moderator on the association between momentary stress and NA? Adults (N = 269), aged 20-50 years, participated in this study...
October 3, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913926/dangers-on-the-road-a-longitudinal-examination-of-passenger-initiated-violence-against-bus-drivers
#4
Biru Zhou, Richard Boyer, Stéphane Guay
This study examined the impact of workplace violence against 109 bus drivers over a 1-year span. Workplace violence is related to both psychological and work-related consequences. Our findings showed that bus drivers experienced a wide range of violence at work and the psychological consequences were devastating: Half of the participants met the diagnostic criteria for acute stress disorder within the first month following the index event. Majority of them experienced at least moderate levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) problems over the 1-year span...
September 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840638/combining-walking-and-relaxation-for-stress-reduction-a-randomized-cross-over-trial-in-healthy-adults
#5
Franziska Matzer, Eva Nagele, Nikolaus Lerch, Christian Vajda, Christian Fazekas
Both physical activity and relaxation have stress-relieving potential. This study investigates their combined impact on the relaxation response while considering participants' initial stress level. In a randomized cross-over trial, 81 healthy adults completed 4 types of short-term interventions for stress reduction, each lasting for 1 hr: (1) physical activity (walking) combined with resting, (2) walking combined with balneotherapy, (3) combined resting and balneotherapy, and (4) resting only. Saliva cortisol, blood pressure, state of mood, and relaxation were measured preintervention and postintervention...
August 25, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834207/covering-traumatic-news-stories-factors-associated-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-journalists
#6
River J Smith, Susan Drevo, Elana Newman
The current study examined personal and environmental factors that placed 167 U.S. journalists from diverse media organizations at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after covering work-related traumatic stories. These factors included exposure to traumatic stressors in their personal lives, work-related traumatic stressors, and general organizational stressors. Further, personality attributes and coping styles associated with risk and resiliency were examined. Regression analyses identified avoidant emotional coping, higher levels of perceived organizational stressors, intensity of exposure to work-related traumatic stressors, and personal trauma history as statistically significant risk factors for PTSD...
August 22, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834143/effectiveness-of-instrumental-reminiscence-intervention-on-improving-coping-in-healthy-older-adults
#7
E Satorres, P Viguer, F B Fortuna, J C Meléndez
Reminiscence is a psychological intervention that uses the recall of past events, feelings, and thoughts to facilitate pleasure, quality of life, and adjustment to present life. The main goal of this study was to investigate the effect of a reminiscence intervention programme on coping strategies. One hundred fifty healthy older adults attended the reminiscence sessions. In order to evaluate the effects of the programme and find out if its effects lasted over time, we used an experimental design with pretest, posttest, and follow-up assessments, comparing a control group to the intervention group...
August 18, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834111/parenting-stress-in-caregivers-of-children-with-chronic-physical-condition-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Martin Pinquart
On the basis of the parenting stress model we compared levels of parenting stress in families with and without a child with a chronic physical condition and analysed correlates of parenting stress in families with a child with a chronic condition. A systematic search through electronic databases identified 547 relevant studies that were included in a random-effects meta-analysis. Parents of children with a chronic condition showed small to moderate elevations of general parenting stress and stress related to the parent-child relationship in particular...
August 18, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834066/psychophysiological-response-to-acute-high-stress-combat-situations-in-professional-soldiers
#9
Vicente Javier Clemente-Suarez, Pablo Ruisoto Palomera, José Juan Robles-Pérez
The study of psychophysiological responses of soldiers in combat situations remains a challenge, especially in melee combat-a close proximity unarmed fight-defined by high unpredictability. Gaining knowledge about psychophysiological changes in high-stress situations is required to optimise training. This study aimed to analyse modifications in autonomic modulation, cortical arousal, heart rate, muscle strength, blood lactate concentration, and rating of perceived exertion of veteran soldiers in a melee combat simulation...
August 17, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795525/converging-evidence-that-subliminal-evaluative-conditioning-does-not-affect-self-esteem-or-cardiovascular-activity
#10
Anke Versluis, Bart Verkuil, Jos F Brosschot
Self-esteem moderates the relationship between stress and (cardiovascular) health, with low self-esteem potentially exacerbating the impact of stressors. Boosting self-esteem may therefore help to buffer against stress. Subliminal evaluative conditioning (SEC), which subliminally couples self-words with positive words, has previously been successfully used to boost self-esteem, but the existing studies are in need of replication. In this article, we aimed to replicate and extend previous SEC studies. The first 2 experiments simultaneously examined whether SEC increased self-esteem (Experiment 1, n = 84) and reduced cardiovascular reactivity to a stressor in high worriers (Experiment 2, n = 77)...
August 9, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677965/relationship-between-meditation-depth-and-waking-salivary-alpha-amylase-secretion-among-long-term-mbsr-instructors
#11
Alyson Haslam, Michael D Wirth, Sara Wagner Robb
The purpose of this study was to characterize sympathetic activity by using waking salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) concentrations in a group of long-term meditation instructors and to examine the association between meditation (depth, dose and duration) and the waking alpha-amylase response. Salivary alpha-amylase samples were collected (immediately upon waking and at 15-min, 30-min and 45-min intervals after waking) from mindfulness-based stress reduction instructors to determine both the area under the curve and the awakening slope (difference in alpha-amylase concentrations between waking and 30-min post-waking)...
August 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647548/reaping-the-benefits-of-meaningful-work-the-mediating-versus-moderating-role-of-work-engagement
#12
Matthew J Johnson, Lixin Jiang
This study examined whether meaningful work may improve one's quality of life outside of the workplace (i.e., work-to-life enrichment). More importantly, we proposed and tested competing hypotheses regarding the role of work engagement in the relationship between meaningful work and work-to-life enrichment. Specifically, we investigated whether work engagement served as a mediator of this relationship, as suggested by the job demands-resources model, or instead a moderator, as suggested by conservation of resources theory...
August 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595895/the-effect-of-stress-management-training-program-on-stress-coping-styles-among-the-adolescents-in-prison-in-turkey
#13
Özlem Öztürk, Ayşe F Ocakçı
This study was performed to determine the effects of a stress management training program that was administered to adolescents in prison. This was a semi-experimental study that used pretests and posttests in controlled groups; it was performed between June 2012 and March 2013 in a closed prison for children and adolescents. The study was completed with the participation of 73 adolescents (36 in the experimental group and 37 in the control group). Adolescent Lifestyle Profile scale and the Stress Coping Styles Scale were used as the data collection tools...
August 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530455/economic-stressors-and-psychological-distress-exploring-age-cohort-variation-in-the-wake-of-the-great-recession
#14
Robyn Lewis Brown, Judith A Richman, Kathleen M Rospenda
This study examined processes linking age cohort, economic stressors, coping strategies and two indicators of psychological distress (i.e. depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms). Structural equation models were conducted utilizing data from a national survey that was undertaken in order to understand life change consequences of the period of economic downturn from 2007 to 2009 known as the Great Recession. Findings revealed that the associations between economic stressors and symptoms of both depression and anxiety were significantly greater for members of the millennial cohort compared with baby boomers...
August 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530356/perceived-demands-of-schooling-stress-and-mental-health-changes-from-grade-6-to-grade-9-as-a-function-of-gender-and-cognitive-ability
#15
Joanna Giota, Jan-Eric Gustafsson
The link between perceived demands of school, stress and mental health in relation to gender is complex. The study examined, with two waves of longitudinal data at age 13 and age 16, how changes in perceived academic demands relate to changes in perceived stress, taking into account gender and cognitive ability, and to investigate how these factors affect the level of psychosomatic and depressive symptoms at the age of 16. A nationally representative sample including about 9000 individuals from the Swedish longitudinal Evaluation Through Follow up database born in 1998 was included...
August 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523035/somatic-symptoms-mediate-the-relationship-between-health-anxiety-and-health-related-quality-of-life-over-eight-weeks
#16
Karly M Murphy, Adam P McGuire, Thane M Erickson, Amy H Mezulis
Previous research has indicated that at clinical levels, health anxiety is cross-sectionally correlated with both somatic symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, research has not tested mediational models of how health anxiety may lead to diminished HRQOL prospectively, and more broadly outside of clinical contexts. In the context of an eight-week prospective diary study of 118 subclinical adults, we examined whether somatic symptoms mediate the relationship between health anxiety and both same-week HRQOL and week-to-week change in HRQOL...
August 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509839/attachment-dimensions-and-post-traumatic-symptoms-following-interpersonal-traumas-versus-impersonal-traumas-in-young-adults-in-taiwan
#17
Yu-Lien Huang, Sue-Huei Chen, Yi-Jen Su, Yi-Wen Kung
Greater risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is seen in individuals exposed to interpersonal traumatic events. Based on an attachment perspective, interpersonal trauma exposure may activate one's attachment insecurity system and disrupt affect, behaviour and interpersonal function, which may in turn create more difficulties to cope with interpersonal traumas and exacerbate PTSD symptomatology. The present study examined whether attachment anxiety relative to attachment avoidance would be a stronger predictor of greater PTSD symptoms following interpersonal traumas versus impersonal traumas in a Taiwanese sample...
August 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500991/a-model-of-first-responder-coping-an-approach-avoidance-bifurcation
#18
Eamonn Arble, Bengt B Arnetz
The work of first responders is fraught with numerous stressors, ranging from potentially traumatic critical incidents to institutional strains. The severity and pervasiveness of these difficulties prompt a necessary consideration of the coping methods employed by first responders. The present study developed an empirical model of first-responder coping strategies, based upon a nationally representative survey sample of 6240 first responders. Participants were drawn from Swedish first responders in the following occupations: coast guard, customs control, military, emergency medical services, fire department and police services...
August 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470980/if-only-my-leader-would-just-do-something-passive-leadership-undermines-employee-well-being-through-role-stressors-and-psychological-resource-depletion
#19
Julian Barling, Michael R Frone
The goal of this study was to develop and test a sequential mediational model explaining the negative relationship of passive leadership to employee well-being. Based on role stress theory, we posit that passive leadership will predict higher levels of role ambiguity, role conflict and role overload. Invoking Conservation of Resources theory, we further hypothesize that these role stressors will indirectly and negatively influence two aspects of employee well-being, namely overall mental health and overall work attitude, through psychological work fatigue...
August 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465684/the-cortisol-awakening-response-and-depressive-symptomatology-the-moderating-role-of-sleep-and-gender
#20
Ivan Vargas, Stefanie Mayer, Nestor Lopez-Duran
The association between depression and the cortisol awakening response (CAR) has been widely examined, yet the results are mixed and factors responsible for such inconsistencies are poorly understood. The current study investigated whether the link between depressive symptomatology and CAR varied as a function of two such factors: sleep and gender. The sample included 58 young adults (30 females; Mage  = 18.7; SDage  = 0.91). Participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory as well as the Consensus Sleep Diary to assess depressive symptomatology and daily sleep patterns, respectively...
August 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
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