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Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29993178/a-german-version-of-the-three-dimensional-work-fatigue-inventory-3d-wfi-factor-structure-internal-consistency-and-correlates
#1
Michael R Frone, Dorota Reis, Charlotte Ottenstein
Work fatigue represents an essential construct for understanding employee health and safety. In this study, we developed and explored the psychometric properties of a German version of the Three-Dimensional Work Fatigue Inventory and examined a set of hypothesized correlates of work fatigue. Data came from a sample of 439 German workers. Consistent with the original measure, confirmatory factor analyses supported a three-factor solution (physical, mental, and emotional work fatigue), and estimates of internal consistency reliability exceeded ...
July 11, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956456/the-relation-of-atypical-antipsychotic-use-and-stress-with-weight-in-individuals-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#2
Joya N Hampton, Hanan D Trotman, Jean Addington, Carrie E Bearden, Kristin S Cadenhead, Tyrone D Cannon, Barbara A Cornblatt, Daniel H Mathalon, Thomas H McGlashan, Ming T Tsuang, Diana O Perkins, Larry J Seidman, Scott W Woods, Elaine F Walker
Atypical antipsychotics (AT) and stress are related to weight gain in individuals with severe mental illness. This cross-sectional study examines AT use, stressful life events, and baseline weight in a sample of youth at clinical high risk for psychosis. Results showed that dependent and desirable life events moderated the relationship between AT use and weight after controlling for demographic factors and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant (AD) use. The relation of AD and weight was explored as a secondary analysis and showed no relation between AD use and weight...
June 28, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901285/effects-of-workload-on-teachers-functioning-a-moderated-mediation-model-including-sleeping-problems-and-overcommitment
#3
Tiphaine Huyghebaert, Nicolas Gillet, Nicolas Beltou, Fanny Tellier, Evelyne Fouquereau
This study investigated the mediating role of sleeping problems in the relationship between workload and outcomes (emotional exhaustion, presenteeism, job satisfaction, and performance), and overcommitment was examined as a moderator in the relationship between workload and sleeping problems. We conducted an empirical study using a sample of 884 teachers. Consistent with our predictions, results revealed that the positive indirect effects of workload on emotional exhaustion and presenteeism, and the negative indirect effects of workload on job satisfaction and performance, through sleeping problems, were only significant among overcommitted teachers...
June 14, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882624/models-of-first-responder-coping-police-officers-as-a-unique-population
#4
Eamonn Arble, Ana M Daugherty, Bengt B Arnetz
The term "first responders" refers to a range of professional occupations, including police officers, fire fighters, search and rescue personnel, ambulance personnel, and military personnel. Research by the present authors has developed empirical models of first responder coping, identifying 2 coping pathways with differential outcomes: approach and avoidance coping. The present investigation considers police officers as a unique group and measures the extent to which police officers differ from other first responders in coping behaviours following trauma, based upon a nationally representative survey of 917 Swedish police officers...
June 8, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882342/the-effect-of-pet-therapy-on-the-physiological-and-subjective-stress-response-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Natalie Ein, Lingqian Li, Kristin Vickers
Studies have reported that exposure to pet therapy (PT) can reduce physiological and subjective stress and anxiety levels. The aim of this meta-analysis is to examine the efficacy of PT as a method for reducing physiological stress levels (blood pressure and heart rate) and subjective stress and anxiety scores (self-reported stress/anxiety). Further, we examined the effects of sample characteristics and modifications to the PT (different age groups and health status of participants across samples, whether a stressor was present, and individual versus group PT) as potential moderators of the relationship between PT and stress reactivity...
June 8, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882309/empowering-leadership-and-job-crafting-the-role-of-employee-optimism
#6
Sylvi Thun, Arnold B Bakker
The objective of this study was to test the relationship between empowering leadership and job crafting and to examine the moderating role of optimism as a personal resource. We hypothesized that the association between empowering leadership and job crafting would be stronger for employees with high (vs. low) levels of optimism. A total of 331 Norwegian workers from a variety of occupations participated in our study. Results of structural equation modelling analysis generally supported our hypotheses. Empowering leadership was positively related to 3 of the 4 job crafting strategies investigated (increasing structural job resources, increasing social job resources, and increasing challenging job demands; but not reducing hindrance job demands)...
June 8, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882382/savouring-as-a-moderator-of-the-combat-exposure-mental-health-symptoms-relationship
#7
Anton I Sytine, Thomas W Britt, Cynthia L S Pury, Patrick J Rosopa
Engaging in firefights or witnessing death and other types of combat experiences are occupational hazards associated with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and depression in military personnel returning from combat deployments. The present study examined savouring beliefs as a moderator of the relationship between combat exposure and mental health symptoms among U.S. Army soldiers deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom. Soldiers (N = 885) completed measures of combat exposure, savouring beliefs, PTSD, and depression...
June 7, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882335/the-influence-of-mastery-on-mother-s-health-in-middle-years-moderating-role-of-stressful-life-context
#8
Victoria King, K A S Wickrama, Eric T Klopack, Frederick O Lorenz
Using data from 416 middle-aged mothers gathered over the course of a decade, this study examined the influence of mastery trajectories (the initial level and change), on change in physical health. Mastery is defined as one's ability to control and influence his/her life and environment to reach a desired outcome or goal. Both the initial level and change in mastery from 1991 to 1994 were associated with decreased physical health problems over the middle years (1991-2001). Contextual moderation of this association by stressful life contexts including negative life events and work-family conflict was investigated...
June 7, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856117/ambient-workplace-heterosexism-implications-for-sexual-minority-and-heterosexual-employees
#9
Kathi N Miner, Paula L Costa
This study examined the relationship between ambient workplace heterosexism, emotional reactions (i.e., fear and anger), and outcomes for sexual minority and heterosexual employees. Five hundred thirty-six restaurant employees (68% female, 77% White) completed an online survey assessing the variables of interest. Results showed that greater experiences of ambient workplace heterosexism were associated with heightened fear and anger and, in turn, with heightened psychological distress (for fear) and greater physical health complaints, turnover intentions, and lowered job satisfaction (for anger)...
June 1, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856110/the-role-of-site-and-severity-of-injury-as-predictors-of-mental-health-outcomes-following-traumatic-injury
#10
Katharine Baecher, Maria Kangas, Alan Taylor, Meaghan L O'Donnell, Richard A Bryant, Derrick Silove, Alexander C McFarlane, Darryl Wade
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of injury site and severity as predictors of mental health outcomes in the initial 12 months following traumatic injury. Using a multisite, longitudinal study, participants with a traumatic physical injury (N = 1,098) were assessed during hospital admission and followed up at 3 months (N = 932, 86%) and at 12 months (N = 715, 71%). Injury site was measured using the Abbreviated Injury Scale 90, and objective injury severity was measured using the Injury Severity Score...
June 1, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790653/the-impact-of-living-with-morbid-obesity-on-psychological-need-frustration-a-study-with-bariatric-patients
#11
Ángel Megías, David González-Cutre, Vicente J Beltrán-Carrillo, José M Gomis-Díaz, Eduardo Cervelló, Kimberley J Bartholomew
Guided by self-determination theory, the purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the previous experiences of living with morbid obesity of 10 postbariatric patients enrolled in a physical activity programme. Qualitative data were collected through interviews and diarized observations. A thematic analysis revealed that participants suffered from health and mobility troubles in their daily life and experienced stigmatization and discrimination in most areas of their social functioning. Participants described how these experiences resulted in the thwarting of their basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness...
May 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790648/anxiety-sensitivity-mediates-the-relationship-between-exercise-frequency-and-anxiety-and-depression-symptomology
#12
Joshua J Broman-Fulks, Chelsea M Abraham, Kelsey Thomas, Will H Canu, David C Nieman
The anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of regular physical exercise have been well documented, though the mechanisms through which exercise alleviates symptoms of emotion disorders require further investigation. Mounting research indicates that exercise reduces anxiety sensitivity, a known vulnerability factor for the development and maintenance of psychological disorders, presumably via repeated exposure to feared somatic sensations. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether anxiety sensitivity mediates the relation between exercise frequency and symptoms of anxiety and depression...
May 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745024/monitoring-daily-events-coping-strategies-and-emotion-during-a-desert-expedition-in-the-middle-east
#13
N Smith, E Barrett, G M Sandal
Personnel operating in extreme environmental conditions are exposed to a variety of stressors. Whether a person adjusts to the conditions and is able to cope has implications for their psychological health. In previous extreme-environment work, temporal changes in stress, coping, and emotion have been reported. Building on previous studies, we used a diary methodology to explore temporal changes in and associations between daily events, coping strategies, and affect during a unique hyperarid desert expedition...
May 9, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733496/children-s-stress-related-reports-and-stress-biomarkers-interact-in-their-association-with-metabolic-syndrome-risk
#14
Nathalie Michels, Dante Matthys, Barbara Thumann, Staffan Marild, Stefaan De Henauw
The purpose was to examine the cross-sectional associations of stress-related reports and stress biomarkers with metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk in children while also testing the interaction between stress biomarkers and stress reports. In 353 children (5-10 years old, 7.9% overweight/obese), MetS risk was measured by blood pressure, waist circumference, glucose homeostasis, triglycerides, and high-density cholesterol. Stress was measured by stress-related reports (events, emotions, and internalizing/externalizing problems) and two biomarkers: salivary cortisol (total-day and morning output) and heart rate variability (percentage of consecutive normal RR intervals differing more than 50 ms and low-to-high-frequency ratio)...
May 7, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683254/examining-burnout-profiles-in-relation-to-health-and-well-being-in-the-veterans-health-administration-employee-population
#15
Tamara M Schult, David C Mohr, Katerine Osatuke
The goals of this paper were twofold: (a) To provide a population overview of burnout profiles by occupation in a large, health care sector employee population and (b) to investigate how burnout profiles relate to self-reported health behaviours, chronic conditions, and absenteeism. Burnout profiles were considered by 5 main occupational groups (physicians, nurses, other clinical, administrative, and wage grade [trade, craft, and labor workers]) in survey respondents (n = 86,257 employees). Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine how burnout profiles were associated with health controlling for gender, age, race, ethnicity, and occupational group...
April 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673047/the-association-between-smartphone-use-stress-and-anxiety-a-meta-analytic-review
#16
REVIEW
Zahra Vahedi, Alyssa Saiphoo
Research investigating the various mental, physical, and social effects of smartphone use has proliferated in the previous decade. Two variables of interest in this literature are the levels of anxiety and stress associated with smartphone use. The current meta-analysis aimed to provide the first quantitative review of this literature, as well as determine potential moderators that might influence this relationship. A total of 39 independent samples (N = 21, 736) were used to compute a summary effect size of r = ...
April 19, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656531/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-risk-of-osteoporosis-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#17
Wei-Sheng Huang, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Ya-Mei Bai, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shih-Jen Tsai, Ying-Jay Liou, Mu-Hong Chen
Several studies suggested a relationship between stress and related mental illnesses, such as depression and osteoporosis. However, it was unclear whether patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were at risk of developing osteoporosis in later life. In this study, 6,041 patients with PTSD and 24,164 age- or sex-matched controls were enrolled between 2002 and 2009 in our study and followed up to the end of 2011. Cases of osteoporosis were identified during the follow-up. Patients with PTSD had an elevated likelihood of developing osteoporosis (HR: 2...
April 15, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243309/relevance-of-terrorism-for-italian-students-not-directly-exposed-to-it-the-affective-impact-of-the-2015-paris-and-the-2016-brussels-attacks
#18
Daniela Raccanello, Roberto Burro, Margherita Brondino, Margherita Pasini
Notwithstanding the dramatically increasing frequency of acts of terrorism in Europe and the extent of their media coverage, there is lack of knowledge on people's affective reactions and associated emotion regulation strategies. We explored the affective impact on two cohorts of Italian students (n = 193) possibly exposed vicariously through the mass media to the 2015 Paris or the 2016 Brussels terrorist attacks, respectively. We accessed data from three online questionnaires: one on emotion regulation administered before each attack; one on daily affect administered just before and after each attack; and one on causes of weekly affect and life satisfaction administered at the end of the week in which each attack occurred...
April 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235229/self-imposed-pressure-or-organizational-norms-further-examination-of-the-construct-of-workplace-telepressure
#19
Matthew J Grawitch, Paul M Werth, Sarah N Palmer, Kaitlyn R Erb, Kristi N Lavigne
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are rapidly becoming indispensable organizational tools. Though the benefits of such technologies have been trumpeted, recent research has examined the unique pressures that may be introduced through the lens of a construct called workplace telepressure, defined as an urge for and preoccupation with quickly responding to ICTs (e.g., email). The current study further explores the workplace telepressure construct as a unique contributor to measures of workplace well-being over and above perceived workplace demands and individual differences, introducing new constructs into the study of workplace telepressure...
April 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230926/economic-strain-and-support-in-couple-the-mediating-role-of-positive-emotions
#20
Petruta P Rusu, Peter Hilpert, Mariana Falconier, Guy Bodenmann
This study examined positive emotions as mediating mechanisms in the association between economic strain and spouses' supportive behaviour. Data were collected from 295 married couples living in Romania. Results from the Actor-Partner Mediator Model indicated that economic strain had a negative indirect effect on spouses' supportive dyadic coping due to its negative association with partners' positive emotions (joy, contentment, and pride). For both partners, positive emotions decreased when they experienced economic strain, which in turn reduced supportive dyadic coping in couples...
April 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
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