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BMC Women's Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017558/stress-health-and-quality-of-life-of-female-migrant-domestic-workers-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
S G Anjara, L B Nellums, C Bonetto, T Van Bortel
BACKGROUND: There is a global increase in migrant workers. In Singapore, there are over 230,000 migrant domestic workers (MDWs). Female MDWs may experience high levels of stress and social isolation, which may negatively impact on their health and quality of life. There have also been documented cases of abuse and exploitation. However, there is a lack of empirical research with this population. This study aimed to investigate factors impacting on the health and quality of life of female MDWs in Singapore, including socio-demographic and job related characteristics, stress, social isolation, and working management style...
October 10, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969631/women-s-experiences-seeking-informal-sector-abortion-services-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-descriptive-study
#2
Caitlin Gerdts, Sarah Raifman, Kristen Daskilewicz, Mariette Momberg, Sarah Roberts, Jane Harries
BACKGROUND: In settings where abortion is legally restricted, or permitted but not widely accessible, women face significant barriers to abortion access, sometimes leading them to seek services outside legal facilities. The advent of medication abortion has further increased the prevalence of informal sector abortion. This study investigates the reasons for attempting self-induction, methods used, complications, and sources of information about informal sector abortion, and tests a specific recruitment method which could lead to improved estimates of informal sector abortion prevalence among an at-risk population...
October 2, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969624/why-women-choose-compounded-bioidentical-hormone-therapy-lessons-from-a-qualitative-study-of-menopausal-decision-making
#3
Jennifer Jo Thompson, Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Mark Nichter
BACKGROUND: In recent years, compounded bioidentical hormone therapy (CBHT) has emerged as a popular alternative to manufactured, FDA approved hormone therapy (HT)-despite concerns within the medical community and the availability of new FDA approved "bioidentical" products. This study aims to characterize the motivations for using CBHT in a U.S. sample of ordinary midlife women. METHODS: We analyze data collected from 21 current and former users of CBHT who participated in a larger qualitative study of menopausal decision-making among U...
October 2, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969621/neuroticism-related-personality-traits-are-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-after-abortion-findings-from-a-swedish-multi-center-cohort-study
#4
Inger Wallin Lundell, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Lisa Ekselius, Susanne Georgsson, Örjan Frans, Lotti Helström, Ulf Högberg, Agneta Skoog Svanberg
BACKGROUND: Most women who choose to terminate a pregnancy cope well following an abortion, although some women experience severe psychological distress. The general interpretation in the field is that the most consistent predictor of mental disorders after induced abortion is the mental health issues that women present with prior to the abortion. We have previously demonstrated that few women develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after induced abortion...
October 2, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964269/aggressive-behaviour-among-drug-using-women-from-cape-town-south-africa-ethnicity-heavy-alcohol-use-methamphetamine-and-intimate-partner-violence
#5
Tara Carney, Bronwyn Myers, Tracy L Kline, Kim Johnson, Wendee M Wechsberg
BACKGROUND: Women have generally been found to be the victims of violence, but scant attention has been paid to the characteristics of women who perpetrate aggression and violence. In South Africa, violence is a prevalent societal issue, especially in the Western Cape. METHOD: This study aimed at identifying factors that were associated with aggression among a sample of 720 substance-using women. We conducted multivariate logistic regression to identify factors that are significantly associated with these behaviours...
September 30, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964264/mental-health-sexual-identity-and-interpersonal-violence-findings-from-the-australian-longitudinal-women-s-health-study
#6
Laura A Szalacha, Tonda L Hughes, Ruth McNair, Deborah Loxton
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationships among experiences of interpersonal violence, mental health, and sexual identity in a national sample of young adult women in Australia. METHODS: We used existing data from the third (2003) wave of young adult women (aged 25-30) in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH). We conducted bivariate analyses and fit multiple and logistic regression models to test experiences of six types of interpersonal violence (physical abuse, severe physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, harassment, and being in a violent relationship), and the number of types of violence experienced, as predictors of mental health...
September 30, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962566/-i-stayed-with-my-illness-a-grounded-theory-study-of-health-seeking-behaviour-and-treatment-pathways-of-patients-with-obstetric-fistula-in-kenya
#7
Anne M Khisa, Grace M Omoni, Isaac K Nyamongo, Rachel F Spitzer
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula classic symptoms of faecal and urinary incontinence cause women to live with social stigma, isolation, psychological trauma and lose their source of livelihoods. There is a paucity of studies on the health seeking behaviour trajectories of women with fistula illness although women live with the illness for decades before surgery. We set out to establish the complete picture of women's health seeking behaviour using qualitative research. We sought to answer the question: what patterns of health seeking do women with obstetric fistula display in their quest for healing? METHODS: We used grounded theory methodology to analyse data from narratives of women during inpatient stay after fistula surgery in 3 hospitals in Kenya...
September 29, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962557/characteristics-of-cervical-disease-among-symptomatic-women-with-histopathological-sample-at-hawassa-university-referral-hospital-southern-ethiopia
#8
Gemechu Ameya, Fekade Yerakly
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers of women in developing countries. It is also eminent cause of mortality and morbidity in women worldwide. Symptoms usually develop when the cancer has become invasive and invade nearby tissue. This has significant effect on treatment of cases in area where there is limited awareness. The aim of this study is to describe cervical disease among symptomatic women with a histhological sample at Hawassa University referral hospital, southern Ethiopia...
September 29, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950854/hormonal-contraceptive-use-and-prevalence-of-premenstrual-symptoms-in-a-multiethnic-canadian-population
#9
Alicia Caroline Jarosz, Joseph Jamnik, Ahmed El-Sohemy
BACKGROUND: Hormonal contraceptive use may be associated with a reduction in some premenstrual symptoms, however, the evidence remains equivocal. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the associations between ethnicity and hormonal contraceptive use with premenstrual symptoms. METHODS: One thousand one hundred two women participating in the Toronto Nutrigenomics and Health Study provided data on their premenstrual symptoms and hormonal contraceptive use...
September 26, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950844/effect-of-simvastatin-on-monocyte-chemoattractant-protein-1-expression-in-endometriosis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Wanwisa Waiyaput, Somphoch Pumipichet, Sawaek Weerakiet, Sasivimol Rattanasiri, Areepan Sophonsritsuk
BACKGROUND: Simvastatin is a promising new drug for the treatment of endometriosis. It is a cholesterol-lowering drug that acts by inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase, resulting in a decrease in mevalonate, a precursor of cholesterol and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). This study investigated the effect of pre-operative oral simvastatin administration on MCP-1 gene expression and serum MCP-1 protein levels in patients with endometriosis. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted at the Reproductive Endocrinology Unit of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital...
September 26, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950842/exploratory-study-into-awareness-of-heart-disease-and-health-care-seeking-behavior-among-emirati-women-uae-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#11
Sarah Khan, Syed Adnan Ali
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease was the leading cause of death among women in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in 2010. Heart attacks usually happen in older women thus symptoms of heart disease may be masked by symptoms of chronic diseases, which could explain the delay in seeking health care and higher mortality following an ischaemic episode among women. This study seeks to a) highlight the awareness of heart diseases among Emirati women and b) to understand Emirati women's health care seeking behaviour in UAE...
September 26, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950841/self-collected-vaginal-sampling-for-the-detection-of-genital-human-papillomavirus-hpv-using-carehpv-among-ghanaian-women
#12
Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Florencia Djigma, Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Latif Abdul, Jacques Simpore, Philippe Mayaud
BACKGROUND: Detection of genital HPV DNA is recommended as an important strategy for modern cervical cancer screening. Challenges include access to services, the reliance on cervical samples taken by clinicians, and patient's preference regarding provider gender. The objective of this research was to determine the acceptability, feasibility and performance of alternative self-collected vaginal samples for HPV detection among Ghanaian women. METHODS: A comparative frequency-matched study was conducted in a systematic (1:5) sample of women attending HIV and outpatient clinics in the Cape Coast Teaching Hospital, Ghana...
September 26, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950833/alphavbeta3-integrin-expression-within-uterine-endometrium-in-unexplained-infertility-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Ahmed Elnaggar, Amr H Farag, Mohamed E Gaber, Mohamed Abdel Hafeez, Mohamed S Ali, Alaa M Atef
BACKGROUND: Implantation defect is one of these contributing factors for unexplained infertility. In the mid-luteal phase, when implantation is expected to happen, Integrins expression is remarkably increased. So, Integrins could potentially serve as markers for the frame of the window of implantation. αVβ3 integrin could have a role as a potential receptor for embryonic attachment. The aim of the current study is to investigate whether the women with unexplained infertility have a pattern of expression of endometrial αvβ3 integrin that could differ from those who have normal fertility or not...
September 26, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923034/an-implementation-science-protocol-of-the-women-s-health-coop-in-healthcare-settings-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-stepped-wedge-design
#14
Wendee M Wechsberg, Jacqueline W Ndirangu, Ilene S Speizer, William A Zule, Winnifred Gumula, Courtney Peasant, Felicia A Browne, Laura Dunlap
BACKGROUND: HIV persists as a public health emergency in South Africa, especially among women of childbearing age. In response to the HIV epidemic, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS has put forth the 90-90-90 global goals to achieve an AIDS-free generation by 2020. This goal aspires to have 90% of people living with HIV diagnosed; 90% of those who test positive on sustained antiretroviral therapy (ART); and 90% of those on ART be virally suppressed. Ensuring access to ART is an important first step in reducing HIV incidence, especially among vulnerable populations such as women who use substances and bear the burden of HIV in South Africa...
September 18, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915869/frequency-and-genotypes-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-patients-attending-the-obstetrics-and-gynecology-clinics-in-jalisco-mexico-and-correlation-with-sociodemographic-behavioral-and-biological-factors
#15
Néstor Casillas-Vega, Rayo Morfín-Otero, Santos García, Jorge Llaca-Díaz, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Ma de la Merced Ayala-Castellanos, Héctor J Maldonado-Garza, Jesús Ancer-Rodríguez, Guadalupe Gallegos-Ávila, Alberto Niderhauser-García, Elvira Garza-González
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is the causative agent of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and genotypes of C. trachomatis in patients attending an obstetrics and gynecology clinic in Jalisco, Mexico and correlates them with sociodemographic, behavioral, and biological factors. METHODS: C. trachomatis detection was performed in endocervical samples from 662 patients by direct fluorescence assay (DFA) and two PCR assays that amplified the phospholipase D endonuclease superfamily protein (PLDESP) and OmpA genes...
September 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915868/the-cedar-project-using-indigenous-specific-determinants-of-health-to-predict-substance-use-among-young-pregnant-involved-aboriginal-women
#16
Sana Z Shahram, Joan L Bottorff, Nelly D Oelke, Leanne Dahlgren, Victoria Thomas, Patricia M Spittal
BACKGROUND: Indigenous women in Canada have been hyper-visible in research, policy and intervention related to substance use during pregnancy; however, little is known about how the social determinants of health and substance use prior to, during, and after pregnancy intersect. The objectives of this study were to describe the social contexts of pregnant-involved young Indigenous women who use substances and to explore if an Indigenous-Specific Determinants of Health Model can predict substance use among this population...
September 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903741/is-economic-dependence-on-the-husband-a-risk-factor-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-female-factory-workers-in-nepal
#17
Sunita Dhungel, Pabita Dhungel, Shalik Ram Dhital, Christiane Stock
BACKGROUND: Violence related injury is a serious public health issue all over the world. This study aims to assess the association between several socio-economic factors and intimate partner violence (IPV) in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 236 women working in carpet and garment factories in Kathmandu, Nepal. Interviews were conducted to collect quantitative data on three forms of IPV, namely physical violence, psychological violence and sexual violence, as well as on a number of potentially associated factors...
September 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899426/benign-metastasizing-leiomyoma-presenting-as-multiple-cystic-pulmonary-nodules-a-case-report
#18
Yeong Hun Choe, So Yeon Jeon, Yoon Chae Lee, Myung Ja Chung, Seung Yong Park, Yong Chul Lee, So Ri Kim
BACKGROUND: Benign metastatic leiomyoma (BML) is an extremely rare disease. Although uterine leiomyomas are benign histologically, they can metastasize to distant sites. While the incidence is very low, the lung is the organ most frequently affected by BML. Pulmonary BML usually presents as numerous well-defined nodules of various sizes, while the cavitary or cystic features in the nodules are rarely observed on radiologic images. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old woman complained of cough and dyspnea for one month...
September 12, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893235/inadequate-birth-spacing-is-perceived-as-riskier-than-all-family-planning-methods-except-sterilization-and-abortion-in-a-qualitative-study-among-urban-nigerians
#19
Hilary M Schwandt, Joanna Skinner, Luciana Estelle Hebert, Lisa Cobb, Abdulmumin Saad, Mojisola Odeku
BACKGROUND: Fertility is high in Nigeria and contraceptive use is low. Little is known about how urban Nigerians perceive the risk of contraceptive use in relation to pregnancy and birth. This study examines and compares the risk perception of family planning methods and pregnancy related scenarios among urban Nigerians. METHODS: A total of 26 focus group discussions with 243 participants were conducted in September and October 2010 in Ibadan and Kaduna. The groups were stratified by sex, age, family planning use, and city...
September 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893234/study-comparing-3%C3%A2-hour-and-24%C3%A2-hour-post-operative-removal-of-bladder-catheter-and-vaginal-pack-following-vaginal-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Priya Rajan, S Soundara Raghavan, Deepak Sharma
BACKGROUND: Traditional practice after vaginal hysterectomy was to keep the vaginal pack and urinary catheter for 24 hours post operatively. But there were studies that prolonged cathterisation was associated with urinary infection. So this study was conducted to compare the post operative outcome when the urinary catheter and vaginal pack were removed after 3 hours and after 24 hours after surgery. METHODS: The study was done in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, in a tertiary teaching institute of South India from September 2008 to March 2010...
September 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
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