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BMC Women's Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661196/the-women-s-heart-health-programme-a-pilot-trial-of-sex-specific-cardiovascular-management
#1
Ting Ting Low, Siew Pang Chan, Shin Hnin Wai, Zhou Ang, Kyu Kyu, Kim Yee Lee, Anne Ching, Sarah Comer, Naomi Qiu Pin Tan, Elizabeth Grace Hui En Thong, Tracy Nang, Mohan Dutta, Carolyn S P Lam
BACKGROUND: There is increasing knowledge of sex-specific differences in cardiovascular disease and recognition of sex disparities in management. In our study, we investigated whether a cardiovascular programme tailored to the specific needs of women could lead to improved outcomes. METHODS: We randomised 100 female patients to receive cardiology follow-up with the conventional sex-neutral cardiac programme (control), or the sex-tailored Women's Heart Health Programme (intervention)...
April 16, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609568/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-impact-on-intimate-partner-violence-of-a-10-session-participatory-gender-training-curriculum-delivered-to-women-taking-part-in-a-group-based-microfinance-loan-scheme-in-tanzania-maisha-crt01-study-protocol
#2
Sheila Harvey, Shelley Lees, Gerry Mshana, Daniel Pilger, Christian Hansen, Saidi Kapiga, Charlotte Watts
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, almost one third (30%) of women who have been in a relationship have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner. Given the considerable negative impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women's physical health and well-being, there is an urgent need for rigorous evidence on violence prevention interventions. METHODS: The study, comprising a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) and in-depth qualitative study, will assess the impact on women's past year experience of physical and/or sexual IPV of a participatory gender training curriculum (MAISHA curriculum) delivered to women participating in group-based microfinance in Tanzania...
April 2, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587739/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-among-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-abakaliki-south-east-nigeria
#3
K C Ekwedigwe, I Sunday-Adeoye, M O Eliboh, M E Isikhuemen, H Uro-Chukwu, P Ezeonu, A B C Daniyan, E N Yakubu
BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the herniation of pelvic organs from its anatomical confines, and it is of considerable importance to the practicing gynaecologist in middle and low income countries. It is commonly associated with, urinary tract infection (UTI), both symptomatic and asymptomatic due to anatomical and physiological changes. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria among women with pelvic organ prolapse, to know the organisms commonly implicated and the sensitivity pattern...
March 27, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587728/anatomical-landmarks-of-the-intra-pelvic-side-wall-as-sources-of-pain-in-women-with-and-without-pregnancy-related-chronic-pelvic-pain-after-childbirth-a-descriptive-study
#4
Thomas Torstensson, Stephen Butler, Anne Lindgren, Magnus Peterson, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar, Margaretha Eriksson, Per Kristiansson
BACKGROUND: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) affects 15-24% of women and can have a devastating impact on quality of life. Laparoscopy is often used in the investigation, although in one third of the examinations there is no visible pathology and the women may be dismissed without further investigation. Also, the contribution of skeletal, muscular, periosteal and ligamentous tissues to CPP remains to be further elucidated. The objective of the present study was to compare pain intensity provoked from anatomical landmarks of the intra-pelvic side-wall in women with pregnancy-related CPP after childbirth and women without such pain...
March 27, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566756/vaginal-health-and-hygiene-practices-and-product-use-in-canada-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Sara E Crann, Shannon Cunningham, Arianne Albert, Deborah M Money, Kieran C O'Doherty
BACKGROUND: The vaginal microbiome influences quality of life and health. The composition of vaginal microbiota can be affected by various health behaviors, such as vaginal douching. The purpose of this study was to examine the types and prevalence of diverse vaginal/genital health and hygiene behaviors among participants living in Canada and to examine associations between behavioral practices and adverse gynecological health conditions. METHOD: An anonymous online survey, available in English and French, was distributed across Canada...
March 23, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558997/the-impact-of-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-levels-in-euthyroid-women-on-intrauterine-insemination-outcome
#6
Gorkem Tuncay, Abdullah Karaer, Ebru İnci Coşkun, Demet Baloğlu, Ayşe Nihan Tecellioğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels on intrauterine insemination (IUI) outcomes among euthyroid women. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. A total of 302 women who started their first IUI cycle in our fertility center were included in this study. The patients were categorized into two groups based on their preconception TSH values: 0.38-2.49 mIU/Land 2.50-4.99 mIU/L. The clinical pregnancy rate was the main outcome parameter...
March 20, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551094/relationships-between-determinants-of-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-adherence-in-breast-cancer
#7
Joo Yun Lee, Yul Ha Min
BACKGROUND: Interventions that promote adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) adherence are critical to improve breast cancer survival. The development of interventions would benefit from a better understanding of the reasons for adherence and the causal relationships of determinants using theoretical or model approaches. The aim of the present study was to identify reasons for AET adherence in breast cancer patients with sequential relationships and inter-relationships. METHODS: A total of 210 participants with estrogen receptor positive breast cancer who received AET completed a questionnaire assessing demographic/medical, psychological, and endocrine therapy (ET)-specific factors...
March 19, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530036/determinants-of-family-planning-use-among-married-women-in-bale-eco-region-southeast-ethiopia-a-community-based-study
#8
Alemayehu Gonie, Alemayehu Wudneh, Dejene Nigatu, Zelalem Dendir
BACKGROUND: Family planning is the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. Providing family planning could prevent maternal deaths by allowing women to delay motherhood, space births, avoid unintended pregnancies and abortions, and stop childbearing when they reach their desired family size. Despite the fact that family planning is advantageous for maternal and newborn health and the services and commodities are free of charge, the reason of not using modern family planning methods is unclear in Bale Eco-Region...
March 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530032/married-women-s-autonomy-and-post-delivery-modern-contraceptive-use-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#9
Yuji Sano, Roger Antabe, Kilian Nasung Atuoye, Joseph A Braimah, Sylvester Z Galaa, Isaac Luginaah
BACKGROUND: Although use of modern contraception is considered beneficial in lowering maternal and child mortality rates, the prevalence of contraceptive use remains low in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This study examined modern contraceptive use and its linkage to women's autonomy. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2013-2014 Democratic Republic of Congo Demographic and Health Survey. We selected unsterilized and non-pregnant married women who have given birth in the last three years (N = 6680)...
March 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499683/what-women-say-about-their-dysmenorrhea-a-qualitative-thematic-analysis
#10
Chen X Chen, Claire B Draucker, Janet S Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is highly prevalent and is the leading cause of absence from school and work among women of reproductive age. Evidence suggests that dysmenorrhea may also be a risk factor for other chronic pain conditions. Limited research has examined women's experience with dysmenorrhea using qualitative data. Research is warranted to address issues and needs that are important from women's own perspectives. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to describe women's salient thoughts about their experiences of dysmenorrhea...
March 2, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486752/facing-hiv-infection-and-unintended-pregnancy-rakai-uganda-2001-2013
#11
Stephanie Ann Grilo, Xiaoyu Song, Tom Lutalo, Margo Mullinax, Sanyukta Mathur, John Santelli
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy is a persistent and global issue with consequences for the health and well-being of mothers and babies. The aim of this paper is to examine unintended pregnancy over time in the context of substantial human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence and increasing access to anti-retro viral therapy (ART). METHOD: Data are from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS) - a cohort of communities with 10,000-12,000 adults, ages 15-49, in Rakai District, Uganda...
February 27, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486748/levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-for-treatment-of-heavy-menstrual-bleeding-in-adolescents-with-glanzmann-s-thrombasthenia-illustrated-case-series
#12
Meiqiu Lu, Xin Yang
BACKGROUND: Glanzmann's Thrombasthenia (GT) is an inherited genetic disorder caused by defects in the platelet membrane glycoproteins IIb/IIIA, and is associated with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). HMB is a common complication in female patients, and many adolescent girls with this disease have issues with HMB beginning at menarche. The available treatment modalities including anti-fibrinolytics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and hormonal therapies though are effective, their associated side effects, limited efficacy and the poor compliance is a challenge in management of HMB...
February 27, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482605/the-relationship-between-under-five-child-death-and-maternal-mental-distress-in-gamo-gofa-zone-southern-ethiopia-a-community-based-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#13
Girma Temam Shifa, Ahmed Ali Ahmed, Alemayehu Worku Yalew
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the association between child death and maternal mental distress may help to understand the indirect impact of reduction of under-five mortality on maternal mental wellbeing. This will further have a positive impact on the development of the nation. Depression is associated substantially with reduced quality of life and functional capacity of women. Although studies in the country assessed the magnitude of Common Mental Disorders (CMD) among postpartum mothers, those assessing the association between child death and maternal mental distress are lacking...
February 27, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482523/predictors-of-cervical-cancer-screening-intention-of-hiv-positive-women-in-the-central-region-of-ghana
#14
Nancy Innocentia Ebu, Joseph Kwesi Ogah
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer affects women, especially those with HIV-positive status. This study hypothesised that more HIV-positive women with high cues about cervical cancer screening, high perceived susceptibility to cervical cancer, high perceived seriousness of cervical cancer, high perceived benefits of cervical cancer screening, and low perceived barriers about cervical cancer screening have intention to seek cervical cancer screening than HIV-positive women with low cues, low perceived susceptibility, low perceived seriousness, low perceived benefits, and high perceived barriers...
February 27, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466959/-self-development-matters-perception-of-sakhis-chws-assessing-self-development-outcomes-of-their-participation-in-the-hbnc-program
#15
Anagha Anand Mahajani, Abhijit Shrinivas Prabhughate, Pearl Tiwari, Shubhangi Sohoni, Ajay Gajanan Phatak, Vallaree Anant Morgaonkar, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar
BACKGROUND: Community Health Workers (CHWs) play an instrumental role in promoting socio-behavioural change at the community level, which results in changed indicators of community health. While outcomes are mostly reviewed for achieving program objectives, it is pertinent to understand the process of program implementation mainly from the perception of participating CHWs. METHODS: A qualitative study to understand the perception of Sakhi's (CHWs) regarding the outcomes of their participation in Home-Based Neonatal Care (HBNC) Program implemented by a non-governmental organization (NGO)...
February 21, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452587/timing-of-abortion-among-adolescent-and-young-women-presenting-for-post-abortion-care-in-kenya-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-nationally-representative-data
#16
Boniface A Ushie, Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Michael M Mutua, Caroline W Kabiru
BACKGROUND: Complications of unsafe abortion are a leading cause of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Adolescents and young women are disproportionately represented among those at risk of these complications. Currently, we know little about the factors associated with young women's timing of abortion. This study examined the timing of abortion as well as factors influencing it among adolescents and young women aged 12-24 years who sought post-abortion care (PAC) in health facilities in Kenya...
February 17, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444670/breast-cancer-in-ethiopia-evidence-for-geographic-difference-in-the-distribution-of-molecular-subtypes-in-africa
#17
Endale Hadgu, Daniel Seifu, Wondemagegnhu Tigneh, Yonas Bokretsion, Abebe Bekele, Markos Abebe, Thomas Sollie, Sofia D Merajver, Christina Karlsson, Mats G Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease with several morphological and molecular subtypes. Widely accepted molecular classification system uses assessment of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and proliferation marker Ki67. Few studies have been conducted on the incidence and molecular types of breast cancer in Sub-Saharan Africa. Previous studies mainly from Western and Central Africa, showed breast cancer to occur at younger ages and to present with aggressive features, such as high-grade, advanced stage and triple-negative phenotype (negative for ER, PR and HER2)...
February 14, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433488/prevalence-of-dysmenorrhea-among-university-students-in-northern-ghana-its-impact-and-management-strategies
#18
Evans Paul Kwame Ameade, Anthony Amalba, Baba Sulemana Mohammed
BACKGROUND: The period of menstruation is an eventful one for a significant number of post-pubescent females as they experience lower abdominal pains referred to as dysmenorrhea. This study conducted among female students of the Tamale campus of the University for Development Studies assessed the prevalence of dysmenorrhea, its impact on the students and treatment methods applied. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain data from 293 randomly selected female students...
February 13, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433492/listening-to-their-voices-understanding-rural-women-s-perceptions-of-good-delivery-care-at-the-mibilizi-district-hospital-in-rwanda
#19
Zack Ndirima, Florian Neuhann, Claudia Beiersmann
BACKGROUND: Poor quality maternity care may lead to increased maternal dissatisfaction, and subsequent decreased utilization of health services or both. In a responsive health system, determining suitable delivery care, in the mother's opinion, may lead to an improved quality of services and the mother's satisfaction. In Rwanda, there is still limited knowledge and inadequate research regarding patient satisfaction and preferences, especially for women's perceptions and needs during childbirth...
February 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409520/factors-associated-with-menstrual-cycle-irregularity-and-menopause
#20
Jinju Bae, Susan Park, Jin-Won Kwon
BACKGROUND: A regular menstrual cycle is an important indicator of a healthy reproductive system. Previous studies reported obesity, stress, and smoking as the factors that are associated with irregular menstruation and early menopause. However, the integrative effects of these modifiable risk factors have not been fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the modifiable risk factors of menstrual cycle irregularity and premature menopause, as well as their individual and combined effects among adult women in Korea...
February 6, 2018: BMC Women's Health
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