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BMC Women's Health

Carlos Eduardo Cuinhane, Kristien Roelens, Christophe Vanroelen, Samuel Quive, Gily Coene
BACKGROUND: In preventing the transfer of HIV to their children, the Ministry of Health in Mozambique recommends all couples follow medical advice prior to a pregnancy. However, little is known about how such women experience pregnancy, nor the values they adhere to when making childbearing decisions. This qualitative study explores perceptions and decision-making processes regarding pregnancy among HIV positive women in rural Maputo Province. METHODS: In-depth interviews and five focus group discussions with fifty-nine women who had recently become mothers were carried out...
October 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Bita Fereidooni, Mohsen Saffari, Ali Montazeri
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a major public health concern worldwide affecting up to one in five women at reproductive age. It is associated with biochemical and hormonal disturbances as well as adverse cosmetic, reproductive, metabolic, and psychological consequences, resulting in worsened quality of life. The aim of the present study is evaluating the quality of life and determining its degrading factors among Iranian women suffering from this syndrome. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 PCOS women in Hamadan, Iran...
October 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Mahzabin Ferdous, Sonya Lee, Suzanne Goopy, Huiming Yang, Nahid Rumana, Tasnima Abedin, Tanvir C Turin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this scoping study is to review the published literature and summarize findings related to barriers experienced by immigrant women in Canada while accessing cervical cancer screening. METHODS: Electronic databases of peer-reviewed articles and grey literature were searched using comprehensive sets of keywords, without restricting the time period or language. Articles were selected based on the following criteria: (a) the study population consisted of Canadian immigrant women and healthcare providers and other stakeholders serving immigrant women, (b) the research focused on the barriers to accessing cervical cancer screening, and (c) the study was conducted in Canada...
October 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
J F W Rikken, C R Kowalik, M H Emanuel, M Y Bongers, T Spinder, J H de Kruif, K W M Bloemenkamp, F W Jansen, S Veersema, A G M G J Mulders, A L Thurkow, K Hald, A Mohazzab, Y Khalaf, T J Clark, M Farrugia, H A van Vliet, M S Stephenson, F van der Veen, M van Wely, B W J Mol, M Goddijn
BACKGROUND: A septate uterus is a uterine anomaly that may affect reproductive outcome, and is associated with an increased risk for miscarriage, subfertility and preterm birth. Resection of the septum is subject of debate. There is no convincing evidence concerning its effectiveness and safety. This study aims to assess whether hysteroscopic septum resection improves reproductive outcome in women with a septate uterus. METHODS/DESIGN: A multi-centre randomised controlled trial comparing hysteroscopic septum resection and expectant management in women with recurrent miscarriage or subfertility and diagnosed with a septate uterus...
October 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Hidayatullah Hamidi, Nilab Haidary
BACKGROUND: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is a very rare congenital genitourinary anomaly characterized by uterus didelphys, blind hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis. CASE PRESENTATION: Authors present a case of Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome in a 19-year-old unmarried woman who presented with pelvic pain and pelvic mass. MR imaging revealed the typical features of didelphys uterus, obstructed right hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis. The patient subsequently underwent surgery...
October 3, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Adana A M Llanos, Jennifer Tsui, David Rotter, Lindsey Toler, Antoinette M Stroup
BACKGROUND: Current cervical cancer screening guidelines recommend a Pap test every 3 years for women age 21-65 years, or for women 30-65 years who want to lengthen the screening interval, a combination of Pap test and high-risk human papilloma virus testing (co-testing) every 5 years. Little population-based data are available on human papilloma virus test utilization and human papilloma virus infection rates. The objective of this study was to examine the patient-level, cervical cancer screening, and area-level factors associated with human papilloma virus testing and infection among a diverse sample of uninsured and underinsured women enrolled in the New Jersey Cancer Early Education and Detection (NJCEED) Program...
October 3, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Eman Alhalal, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Carol Wong, Fadia AlBuhairan
BACKGROUND: Most research on the health impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) and child abuse has been conducted in Western countries and may not be generalizable to women living in different contexts, such as Saudi Arabia. Chronic pain, a disabling health issue associated with experiences of both child abuse and IPV among women, negatively impacts women's well-being, quality of life, and level of functioning. Yet, the psychosocial mechanisms that explain how abuse relates to chronic pain are poorly understood...
October 3, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Volodymyr Podolskyi, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Lena Marions
BACKGROUND: Abortion rate in Ukraine is high and the use of effective contraceptive methods is low. Aiming to explore women's knowledge and attitudes towards modern contraceptive methods, we performed a survey among women with a recent pregnancy. METHODS: A convenience sample of 500 women who had an abortion or a delivery (250 women post abortion and 250 women post partum) in Kiev, Ukraine was chosen to participate in the study. A self-administered questionnaire which included questions regarding demographics, plans for future pregnancy, and contraceptive usage, knowledge and the main barriers to contraceptive uptake was distributed...
September 29, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Natalia V Lewis, Theresa H M Moore, Gene S Feder, John Macleod, Penny Whiting
BACKGROUND: Exposure to domestic violence and abuse (DVA) results in a reduction of women's use of regular contraceptives. This evidence suggests that women exposed to DVA are more likely to have unprotected sexual intercourse and therefore may use more emergency contraception (EC) than those women who are not exposed to DVA. We aimed to test this hypothesis through evaluating the evidence for an association between exposure to DVA and use of EC. METHODS: We systematically searched eight electronic databases from inception until December 2017, checked references and citations, and contacted corresponding authors...
September 25, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Isabelle Carlsson, Karin Breding, P-G Larsson
BACKGROUND: Induced abortion is one of the most common gynecological procedures in Sweden, but there is still little knowledge about the adverse effects. The aims of this study are to provide an overview of complications of medical and surgical abortions and to evaluate the impact of bacterial screening to prevent postabortal infections. METHODS: All women who underwent induced abortion at Skaraborg Hospital between 2008 and 2015 are included in the study. Bacterial screening for chlamydia, gonorrhea, mycoplasma, and bacterial vaginosis was performed prior to the abortions...
September 25, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Paul Beson, Richard Appiah, Augustine Adomah-Afari
BACKGROUND: Modern contraceptive use remains an important public health intervention and a cost-effective strategy to reduce maternal mortality, avert unintended pregnancies and to control population explosion, especially in developing countries. Despite these benefits, there are reports of low usage among reproductive-aged women in most developing countries. This study examined the prevalence and predictors of use of modern contraceptive among reproductive-aged women in an urban center with a high density population in Ghana...
September 25, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Anne Berit Petersen, Lisa M Thompson, Gezahegn Bekele Dadi, Alemu Tolcha, Janine K Cataldo
BACKGROUND: By 2030, the Sub-Saharan African region is projected to be the epicenter of the tobacco epidemic. While smoking prevalence is currently low among women (< 2%), the prevalence among men (7.7% overall and up to 27% depending on region) makes exposure to secondhand smoke a pressing concern for women and children. To prevent the uptake of smoking among women and address tobacco-related risks, including secondhand smoke exposure, a greater understanding of women's related perceptions is needed...
September 24, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Hae Won Kim, Duck Hee Kim, Youngji Kim
BACKGROUNDS: As HPV is a sexually transmitted virus, men are crucial in the prevention of cervical cancer, but research about men's awareness on cervical cancer is limited. Therefore, in this study, we investigated men's awareness toward women's cervical cancer, to thoroughly understand the viewpoints of men, and to emphasize the centrality of the role of men in the prevention of cervical cancer. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was chosen to explore men's awareness of women's cervical cancer...
September 24, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Mauricio Sanchez-Barajas, Lorena Del Rocio Ibarra-Reynoso, Marco Antonio Ayala-Garcia, Juan Manuel Malacara
BACKGROUND: Women after menopause increase risk for cardiovascular disease and several factors may be related. The purpose was to study biological and psychosocial factors associated with early cardiovascular damage in pre- and postmenopausal women, assessed with carotid intima-media thickness vs flow-mediated dilatation. METHODS: Women 45 to 57 years old were grouped in the pre- (n = 60), early (n = 58) and late post-menopause (n = 59). Anthropometric, metabolic and hormonal data were registered, as well as measures of depression, anxiety, submission, perceived stress, and sleep alterations...
September 20, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Stella O Odedina, IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Adenike Adeniji-Sofoluwe, Imran O Morhason-Bello, Dezheng Huo, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Oladosu A Ojengbede
BACKGROUND: Breast disorders cause great anxiety for women especially when they occur in pregnancy because breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer related deaths in women. Majority of the disorders are Benign Breast Diseases (BBD) with various degrees of associated breast cancer risks. With increasing breast cancer awareness in Nigeria, we sought to determine the prevalence and characteristics of breast disorders among a cohort of pregnant women. METHODS: A longitudinal study of 1248 pregnant women recruited in their first trimester- till 26 weeks gestational age consecutively from selected antenatal clinics (ANCs), in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria...
September 19, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Evelyn Sakeah, Cornelius Debpuur, Abraham Rexford Oduro, Paul Welaga, Raymond Aborigo, James Kotuah Sakeah, Cheryl A Moyer
BACKGROUND: Globally, three million girls are at risk of female genital mutilation (FGM) and an estimated 200 million girls and women in the world have undergone FGM. While the overall prevalence of FGM in Ghana is 4%, studies have shown that the overall prevalence in the Upper East Region is 38%, with Bawku municipality recording the highest at 82%. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design with a quantitative approach: a survey with women of reproductive age (15-49)...
September 18, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Nobuyuki Takemoto, Ai Koyanagi, Masanori Yasuda, Hiroshi Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Fluorescence imaging (FI) is one of the methods to identify sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs). However, the procedure is technically complicated and requires procedural skills, as SLN biopsy must be conducted in dim light conditions. As an improved version of this method, we introduced a combined method (Combined mixed dye and fluorescence; CMF) consisting of indigo carmine blue dye and FI. The direct visualization of SLNs under shadowless surgical light conditions is facilitated by the addition of the blue dye...
September 18, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Ozen Asut, Ovgu Ozenli, Gizem Gur, Elif Deliceo, Buse Cagin, Okan Korun, Ozgur Turk, Songul Vaizoglu, Sanda Cali
BACKGROUND: Informing the individuals on family planning including emergency contraception is a significant step for preventing unintended pregnancies. Although there is a number of studies on family planning and emergency contraception globally and in Turkey, no such data are available in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and perceptions on family planning and emergency contraception of the first year students of an international medical school in Nicosia, Northern Cyprus and to increase awareness for developing new policies on the issue...
September 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Katherine Jackson, Tracy Finch, Eileen Kaner, Janice McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: In the last thirty years there has been a rise in harmful alcohol use amongst White British women. Approaches to alcohol harm reduction typically position drinking as an individual behaviour, with an emphasis on people to make changes to and by themselves. Moving away from an individual approach, this paper works with a relational framework to develop understanding of non-dependent women's drinking in the context of their everyday lives. It draws on Feminist Ethics of Care theory, to consider the importance of care in women's lives and alcohol as an element of their 'practices of care' in different relationships...
September 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Holly B Shakya, Anindita Dasgupta, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Niranjan Saggurti, Balaiah Donta, Saritha Nair, Jay Silverman, Anita Raj
BACKGROUND: Persistent low rates of spacing contraceptive use among young wives in rural India have been implicated in ongoing negative maternal, infant and child health outcomes throughout the country. Gender inequity has been found to consistently predict low rates of contraception. An issue around contraceptive reporting however is that when reporting on contraceptive use, spouses in rural India often provide discordant reports. While discordant reports of contraceptive use potentially impede promotion of contraceptive use, little research has investigated the predictors of discordant reporting...
September 4, 2018: BMC Women's Health
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