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BMC Women's Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793884/therapeutic-comparison-between-treatments-for-vulvar-lichen-sclerosus-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-prospective-and-controlled-trial
#1
Renata A Belotto, Maria Cristina Chavantes, João Paulo Tardivo, Roberto Euzébio Dos Santos, Raquel Civolani Marques Fernandes, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Christiane Pavani, Daniela Fátima Teixeira da Silva
BACKGROUND: Vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a lymphocyte-mediated disease of unknown etiology that can cause intense itching as well stenosis, hindering the evacuation and urination. It can also limit the sex life due to severe local pruritus, pain and dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse). The standard treatment for this disease is the use of topical corticosteroids to reduce the clinical symptoms and to try to increase disease-free intervals. Photodynamic therapy (PDT), a treatment that associates a light radiation with a photosensitizing agent and photobiomodulation (PBM) are therapies that can promote effective immunomodulatory responses at the application site by means of photophysical and photochemical phenomena from the molecular to the systemic level, which promote their use in chronic dermatoses...
August 10, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784171/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-and-other-sexual-assault-survivors-use-of-different-types-of-specialized-hospital-based-violence-services
#2
Janice Du Mont, Maryam Woldeyohannes, Sheila Macdonald, Daisy Kosa, Linda Turner
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the health service utilization of women sexually assaulted by their intimate partners, as compared with those sexually assaulted by other perpetrators. To address this gap, we describe the use of acute care services post-victimization, as well as a broad range of survivor and assault characteristics, across women assaulted by current or former intimate partners, other known assailants, and strangers. METHODS: Information was gathered from individuals presenting to 30 hospital-based sexual assault and domestic violence treatment centres using a standardized data collection form...
August 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784118/cardiovascular-riskprofile-imaging-and-gender-specific-disorders-crew-imago-rationale-and-design-of-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#3
Gerbrand A Zoet, Cindy Meun, Laura Benschop, Eric Boersma, Ricardo P J Budde, Bart C J M Fauser, Christianne J M de Groot, Aad van der Lugt, Angela H E M Maas, Karl G M Moons, Jeanine E Roeters van Lennep, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Eric A P Steegers, Bas B van Rijn, Joop S E Laven, Arie Franx, Birgitta K Velthuis
BACKGROUND: Reproductive disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) and hypertensive pregnancy disorders (HPD) like pre-eclampsia (PE), are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Detection of early signs of cardiovascular disease (CVD), as well as identification of risk factors among women of reproductive age which improve cardiovascular risk prediction, is a challenge and current models might underestimate long-term health risks...
August 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768506/a-qualitative-exploration-of-cervical-and-breast-cancer-stigma-in-karnataka-india
#4
Laura Nyblade, Melissa Stockton, Sandra Travasso, Suneeta Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Breast and cervical cancer are two of the most common cancers among women worldwide and were the two leading causes of cancer related death for women in India in 2013. While it is recognized that psychosocial and cultural factors influence access to education, prevention, screening and treatment, the role of stigma related to these two cancers has received limited attention. METHODS: Two qualitative exploratory studies. One focusing on cervical cancer, the other on breast cancer, were conducted in Karnataka, India using in-depth interviews and focus group discussions...
August 2, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754175/case-report-term-birth-after-fertility-sparing-treatments-for-stage-ib1-small-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-cervix
#5
Pei-Ying Wu, Ya-Min Cheng, Geok Huey New, Cheng-Yang Chou, Chun-Ting Chiang, Hung-Wen Tsai, Yu-Fang Huang
BACKGROUND: Advances in cervical cancer management for childbearing women have led to less radical approaches. Use of fertility-sparing treatment to treat small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNEC) is challenging owing to the aggressive nature of the disease, even in early stage disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old nulligravida woman presented with malodorous vaginal discharge and was diagnosed to have an exophytic cervical SCNEC. A magnetic resonance image scan showed no evidence of parametrial invasion or distant metastasis...
July 28, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754102/how-active-are-women-who-play-bingo-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-well-bingo-project
#6
Gemma C Ryde, Trish Gorely, Ruth Jepson, Cindy Gray, Ashley Shepherd, Dionne Mackison, Aileen V Ireland, Brian Williams, Marion E T McMurdo, Josie M M Evans
BACKGROUND: The benefits of physical activity are well established, yet large numbers of people are not sufficiently active to gain health benefits. Certain population groups are less physically active than others, including older women from areas of high economic deprivation. The Well!Bingo project was established with the aim of engaging such women in the development of a health promotion intervention in a bingo club. This paper reports on the assessment of health status, physical activity and sedentary behaviour of women attending a bingo club in central Scotland, UK as part of the Well!Bingo project...
July 28, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750616/profiles-of-lipids-blood-pressure-and-weight-changes-among-premenopausal-chinese-breast-cancer-patients-after-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#7
Winnie Yeo, Frankie K F Mo, Elizabeth Pang, Joyce J S Suen, Jane Koh, Herbert H F Loong, Christopher C H Yip, Rita Y W Ng, Claudia H W Yip, Nelson L S Tang, Giok S Liem
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant chemotherapy improves outcome of patients with early breast cancer. However, chemotherapy may be associated with long term toxicities. In this retrospective cohort study, the objectives were to determine body weight, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure and fasting lipids levels of young premenopausal Chinese breast cancer patients after adjuvant chemotherapy. Potential factors associated with these parameters were identified. METHODS: Eligibility criteria include premenopausal Chinese patients who were diagnosed to have stage I-III breast cancer within 3-10 years, age < 45 and having received adjuvant chemotherapy at the time of breast cancer diagnosis...
July 27, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750615/implications-of-male-circumcision-for-women-in-papua-new-guinea-a-transformational-grounded-theory-study
#8
Michelle Redman-MacLaren, Jane Mills, Rachael Tommbe, David MacLaren, Rick Speare, William J H McBride
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision reduces the risk of female-to-male transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and is being explored for HIV prevention in Papua New Guinea (PNG). PNG has a concentrated HIV epidemic which is largely heterosexually transmitted. There are a diverse range of male circumcision and penile modification practices across PNG. Exploring the implications of male circumcision for women in PNG is important to inform evidence-based health policy that will result in positive, intended consequences...
July 27, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750613/transvaginal-sonography-perception-and-attitude-of-nigerian-women
#9
Mark C Okeji, Kennedy K Agwuna, Chika N Ihudiebube-Splendor, Iliyasu Y Izge, Kelechi K Ekuma, Jennifer O Emeter
BACKGROUND: To assess the attitude to and perception of transvaginal sonography (TVS) among Nigerian women of mixed educational status in order to ascertain factors that may prevent them from submitting to TVS when recommended. METHODS: A Cross-sectional survey was adopted for the study. In all, one missionary, one government and eight private hospitals were enlisted. The instruments for data collection were visual analogue scale (VAS), to ascertain patients' pain/discomfort experience, and a researcher-developed semi-structured questionnaire...
July 27, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747206/laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy-versus-vaginal-sacrospinous-fixation-for-vaginal-vault-prolapse-a-randomized-controlled-trial-salto-2-trial-study-protocol
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anne-Lotte W M Coolen, Mèlanie N van IJsselmuiden, Anique M J van Oudheusden, J Veen, Hugo W F van Eijndhoven, Ben Willem J Mol, Jan Paul Roovers, Marlies Y Bongers
BACKGROUND: Hysterectomy is one of the most performed surgical procedures during lifetime. Almost 10 % of women who have had a hysterectomy because of prolapse symptoms, will visit a gynaecologist for a surgical correction of a vaginal vault prolapse thereafter. Vaginal vault prolapse can be corrected by many different surgical procedures. A Cochrane review comparing abdominal sacrocolpopexy to vaginal sacrospinous fixation considered the open abdominal procedure as the treatment of first choice for prolapse of the vaginal vault, although operation time and hospital stay is longer...
July 26, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743274/risk-factors-and-a-prediction-model-for-lower-limb-lymphedema-following-lymphadenectomy-in-gynecologic-cancer-a-hospital-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Kenji Kuroda, Yasuhiro Yamamoto, Manami Yanagisawa, Akira Kawata, Naoya Akiba, Kensuke Suzuki, Kazutoshi Naritaka
BACKGROUND: Lower limb lymphedema (LLL) is a chronic and incapacitating condition afflicting patients who undergo lymphadenectomy for gynecologic cancer. This study aimed to identify risk factors for LLL and to develop a prediction model for its occurrence. METHODS: Pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLA) with or without para-aortic lymphadenectomy (PALA) was performed on 366 patients with gynecologic malignancies at Yaizu City Hospital between April 2002 and July 2014; we retrospectively analyzed 264 eligible patients...
July 25, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743261/frequency-and-predictors-of-anxiety-and-depression-among-pregnant-women-attending-tertiary-healthcare-institutes-of-quetta-city-pakistan
#12
Rahila Ghaffar, Qaiser Iqbal, Adnan Khalid, Fahad Saleem, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Nosheen Sikandar Baloch, Fiaz Ud Din Ahmad, Sajid Bashir, Sajjad Haider, Mohammad Bashaar
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression (A&D) are commonly reported among pregnant women from all over the world; however, there is a paucity of workable data from the developing countries including Pakistan. The current study, therefore, aims to find out the frequency and predictors of A&D among pregnant women attending a tertiary healthcare institutes in the city of Quetta, in the Balochistan province, Pakistan. METHODS: A questionnaire based, cross-sectional survey was conducted...
July 25, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738833/anxiety-and-depression-among-infertile-women-a-cross-sectional-survey-from-hungary
#13
Enikő Lakatos, Judit F Szigeti, Péter P Ujma, Réka Sexty, Piroska Balog
BACKGROUND: Infertility is often associated with a chronic state of stress which may manifest itself in anxiety-related and depressive symptoms. The aim of our study is to assess the psychological state of women with and without fertility problems, and to investigate the background factors of anxiety-related and depressive symptoms in women struggling with infertility. METHODS: Our study was conducted with the participation of 225 (134 primary infertile and 91 fertile) women, recruited in a clinical setting and online...
July 24, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738795/is-surgical-excision-necessary-for-the-treatment-of-granulomatous-lobular-mastitis
#14
Young Duck Shin, Sung Su Park, Young Jin Song, Seung-Myoung Son, Young Jin Choi
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the role of surgical excision in treating granulomatous lobular mastitis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients with granulomatous lobular mastitis treated from March 2008 to March 2014. We analyzed clinical features and therapeutic modalities and compared the patient outcomes based on treatment. RESULTS: During the study period, a total of 34 patients were diagnosed with granulomatous lobular mastitis and treated...
July 24, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732531/endometrial-scratching-in-women-with-implantation-failure-after-a-first-ivf-icsi-cycle-does-it-lead-to-a-higher-live-birth-rate-the-scratch-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-ntr-5342
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
N E van Hoogenhuijze, H L Torrance, F Mol, J S E Laven, E Scheenjes, M A F Traas, C Janssen, B Cohlen, G Teklenburg, J P de Bruin, R van Oppenraaij, J W M Maas, E Moll, K Fleischer, M H van Hooff, C de Koning, A Cantineau, C B Lambalk, M Verberg, M Nijs, A P Manger, M van Rumste, L F van der Voet, A Preys-Bosman, J Visser, E Brinkhuis, J E den Hartog, A Sluijmer, F W Jansen, W Hermes, M L Bandell, M J Pelinck, J van Disseldorp, M van Wely, J Smeenk, Q D Pieterse, J C Boxmeer, E R Groenewoud, M J C Eijkemans, J C Kasius, F J M Broekmans
BACKGROUND: Success rates of assisted reproductive techniques (ART) are approximately 30%, with the most important limiting factor being embryo implantation. Mechanical endometrial injury, also called 'scratching', has been proposed to positively affect the chance of implantation after embryo transfer, but the currently available evidence is not yet conclusive. The primary aim of this study is to determine the effect of endometrial scratching prior to a second fresh in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycle on live birth rates in women with a failed first IVF/ICSI cycle...
July 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668083/increasing-family-planning-in-myanmar-the-role-of-the-private-sector-and-social-franchise-programs
#16
Tin Aung, Nang Mo Hom, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: This study examines the influence of clinical social franchise program on modern contraceptive use. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of contraceptive use among 2390 currently married women across 25 townships in Myanmar in 2014. Social franchise program measures were from programmatic records. RESULTS: Multivariable models show that women who lived in communities with at least 1-5 years of a clinical social franchise intrauterine device (IUD) program had 4...
July 1, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637458/exposure-of-hospitalised-pregnant-women-to-plasticizers-contained-in-medical-devices
#17
Cécile Marie, Sebti Hamlaoui, Lise Bernard, Daniel Bourdeaux, Valérie Sautou, Didier Lémery, Françoise Vendittelli, Marie-Pierre Sauvant-Rochat
BACKGROUND: Medical devices (MDs) in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are not a well-known source of exposure to plasticizers, in particular during pregnancy. Because of its toxicity, the di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) has been replaced by other plasticizers such as di (isononyl)-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxilic acid (DINCH), tri-octyltrimellitate (TOTM) and di-(isononyl) phthalate (DiNP). Our study aimed to quantify the plasticizers (DEHP and alternative plasticizers) contained in PVC medical devices used for hospitalised pregnant women and to describe which these MDs had been used (type, number, duration of exposure)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623904/impact-of-preconceptional-micronutrient-supplementation-on-maternal-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-vietnam
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Phuong H Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Hoa Pham, Wei Hao, Hieu Nguyen, Truong V Truong, Son Nguyen, Kimberly B Harding, Gregory A Reinhart, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient malnutrition has been associated with maternal depressive symptoms (MDS), but little is known about the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation. This paper examined the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation on MDS during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: We used data from a double-blind controlled trial (PRECONCEPT) in which 5011 Vietnamese women were randomized to receive weekly supplements containing either a) multiple micronutrients (MM) b) iron and folic acid (IFA) or c) folic acid (FA) until conception (n = 1813)...
June 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623887/association-between-the-ercc1-polymorphism-and-platinum-based-chemotherapy-effectiveness-in-ovarian-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Ning Tang, Dan Lyu, Yan Zhang, Haiping Liu
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is a prominent public health problem which affects people all around the world. Platinum-based chemotherapy is a common treatment for ovarian cancer, however, the effectiveness of chemotherapy varies from patient to patient. The excision repair cross complementation group 1 (ERCC1) protein may mediate chemotherapy resistance. A meta-analysis was conducted to explore whether platinum-based chemotherapy effectiveness could be attributed to the ERCC1 C19007T polymorphisms...
June 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610572/postlaparoscopic-reduction-of-pain-by-combining-intraperitoneal-normal-saline-and-the-pulmonary-recruitment-maneuver-polar-bear-trial-rct-to-estimate-reduction-in-pain-after-laparoscopic-surgery-when-using-a-combination-therapy-of-intraperitoneal-normal-saline
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J E W van Dijk, S J Dedden, P M A J Geomini, P Meijer, N van Hanegem, M Y Bongers
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain and pain in the upper abdomen are common complaints after laparoscopy, sometimes surpassing the pain at incision sites. The incidence of shoulder pain ranges from 35 to 80%. Post-laparoscopic pain is caused by retention of carbon dioxide in the abdomen, which irritates the phrenic nerve and diaphragm, causing referred pain in the shoulder and in the upper abdomen. A promising strategy to reduce this post-laparoscopic pain is the pulmonary recruitment maneuver, which indirectly increases intraperitoneal pressure and thereby facilitates removal of residual carbon dioxide...
June 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
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