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BMC Women's Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320467/the-effect-of-hormone-therapy-on-quality-of-life-and-breast-cancer-risk-after-risk-reducing-salpingo-oophorectomy-a-systematic-review
#1
Tasneem Siyam, Sue Ross, Sandra Campbell, Dean T Eurich, Nesé Yuksel
BACKGROUND: It is unclear if the use of hormone therapy (HT) in carriers of BRCA mutations improves the quality of life (QOL) without increasing the risk of breast cancer following a risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO). Our objective was to assess the effect of HT on QOL and breast cancer risk, after RRSO. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINHAL, and others, from inception to July 22, 2016, to identify relevant studies. Two reviewers independently screened identified records for controlled trials and observational studies that addressed the effect of HT on QOL and breast cancer risk in women with BRCA mutations, post RRSO...
March 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302110/beneficial-effects-of-a-coriolus-versicolor-based-vaginal-gel-on-cervical-epithelization-vaginal-microbiota-and-vaginal-health-a-pilot-study-in-asymptomatic-women
#2
Santiago Palacios, Fernando Losa, Damián Dexeus, Javier Cortés
BACKGROUND: To assess the effect of a 12-day treatment using a vaginal gel based on niosomes containing hyaluronic acid, ß-glucan, alpha-glucan oligosaccharide, Coriolus versicolor, Asian centella, Azadirachta indica and Aloe vera on vaginal microbiota, cervical epithelization and vaginal health. METHODS: Open-label, prospective pilot study conducted in asymptomatic women in daily practice. Cervical epithelization was evaluated by colposcopy using an ectopy epithelization score (from 5: no ectopy to 1: severe ectopy and bleeding), vaginal microbiota using the VaginaStatus-Diagnostic test (Instiüt für Mikroökologie, Herborn, Germany) and further rated by the investigator using a 5-point Liker scale (from 5: normal to 1: very severe deterioration in which all evaluated species were altered), and vaginal health using the Vaginal Health Index...
March 16, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298198/maternal-and-neonatal-service-usage-and-determinants-in-fragile-and-conflict-affected-situations-a-systematic-review-of-asia-and-the-middle-east
#3
Saji S Gopalan, Ashis Das, Natasha Howard
BACKGROUND: Fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS) in Asia and the Middle-East contribute significantly to global maternal and neonatal deaths. This systematic review explored maternal and neonatal health (MNH) services usage and determinants in FCS in Asia and the Middle-East to inform policy on health service provision in these challenging settings. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted using a standardised protocol. Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and selected development agency websites were searched for studies meeting inclusion criteria...
March 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284203/factors-associated-with-cervical-cancer-screening-participation-among-immigrants-of-russian-somali-and-kurdish-origin-a-population-based-study-in-finland
#4
Esther E Idehen, Tellervo Korhonen, Anu Castaneda, Teppo Juntunen, Mari Kangasniemi, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Päivikki Koponen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed low participation in cervical cancer screening among immigrants compared with non-immigrants. Only a few studies about factors associated with immigrants' lower participation rates have been conducted in European countries that have universal access for all eligible women. Our study aimed to explore factors associated with cervical screening participation among women of Russian, Somali, and Kurdish origin in Finland. METHODS: We used data from the Migrant Health and Well-being Survey, 2010-2012...
March 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279160/sex-hormone-binding-globulin-as-a-valuable-biochemical-marker-in-predicting-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Manal Abdalla Tawfeek, Eman Mohamad Alfadhli, Abdulfatah Marawan Alayoubi, Hesham Ahmad El-Beshbishy, Fawzia Ahmad Habib
BACKGROUND: Circulating Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels are inversely associated with insulin resistance. This study was conducted to compare maternal serum SHBG level between pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance and those with gestational diabetes (GDM) and to investigate the roll of SHBG in GDM diagnosis. METHODS: This was a case controlled study of 90 pregnant women, 45 women with GDM and 45 matched controls, attending obstetrics clinic at Ohud Hospital, Madina, Saudi Arabia between April 2014 and March 2015...
March 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279157/women-s-lived-experiences-of-learning-to-live-with-osteoporosis-a-longitudinal-qualitative-study
#6
Carrinna A Hansen, Bo Abrahamsen, Hanne Konradsen, Birthe D Pedersen
BACKGROUND: A vast amount of literature exists concerning pharmaceutical adherence in osteoporosis. However, the process of learning to live with osteoporosis over time remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the continued process of how women learn to live with osteoporosis. Our objective was to explore what characterizes women's experiences of living with osteoporosis during the first year after diagnosis, when patients are prescribed anti-osteoporotic treatment, without having experienced an osteoporotic fracture...
March 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274207/factors-associated-with-early-age-at-menarche-among-thai-adolescents-in-bangkok-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Pongsak Noipayak, Petch Rawdaree, Busaba Supawattanabodee, Sumonmal Manusirivitthaya
BACKGROUND: The age at menarche in the Thai population has not been determined since 1997. This study recruited adolescents in Bangkok Metropolis to determine the age at menarche and its associations with health and socioeconomic status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a two-step stratified sampling strategy to recruit 1,020 female students, aged 10-16 years, from schools in Dusit district, Bangkok, Thailand. Self-reported data on age at menarche and social determinants of health were collected from participants and their parents...
March 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270127/-life-at-the-river-is-a-living-hell-a-qualitative-study-of-trauma-mental-health-substance-use-and-hiv-risk-behavior-among-female-fish-traders-from-the-kafue-flatlands-in-zambia
#8
Lynn T Murphy Michalopoulos, Stefani N Baca-Atlas, Simona J Simona, Tina Jiwatram-Negrón, Alexander Ncube, Melanie B Chery
BACKGROUND: In Western settings, the relationship between trauma history, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance use, and HIV risk behavior, is well established. Although female fish traders in Zambia are affected by HIV at rates estimated to be 4-14 times higher than the national prevalence, no studies have examined the co-occurring issues of trauma, substance use and HIV risk behavior among this vulnerable population. The current study examined: 1) trauma history, trauma symptoms and HIV risk behaviors and 2) the relationship between these co-occurring issues among female fish traders from the Kafue Flatlands in Zambia...
March 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264686/reproductive-risk-factors-associated-with-breast-cancer-in-women-in-bangui-a-case-control-study
#9
Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Cavin Epie Bekolo, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Komlan Kota, Christian Diamont Mossoro-Kpinde, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Jianyuan Zhang, Shaojun Chen, Hongyu Li, Zhongyu Xu, Boniface Koffi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (breast Ca) is recognised as a major public health problem in the world. Data on reproductive factors associated with breast Ca in the Central African Republic (CAR) is very limited. This study aimed to identify reproductive variables as risk factors for breast Ca in CAR women. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted among 174 cases of breast Ca confirmed at the Pathology Unit of the National Laboratory in Bangui between 2003 and 2015 and 348 age-matched controls...
March 6, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222726/treatment-delays-among-women-with-breast-cancer-in-a-low-socio-economic-status-region-in-brazil
#10
Naidhia Alves Soares Ferreira, Sionara Melo Figueiredo de Carvalho, Vitor Engrácia Valenti, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Hermes Melo Teixeira Batista, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Fernando Adami, Leandro Luongo de Matos
BACKGROUND: Considering the inequalities and the areas of low socioeconomic status in Brazil, access to health services is a challenge and the delay between diagnosis and treatment represents an important factor of worse prognosis in patients with breast cancer. Herein, we describe the clinical and epidemiological profiles of women with breast cancer and evaluate their access to health services, as well as treatment delays, at a reference centre of the Cariri region, Ceará, Brazil. METHODS: This is a retrospective study that included 473 women treated with breast cancer between 2009 and 2011 at the Oncology Centre of the Cariri...
February 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196535/factors-associated-with-sexual-dysfunction-in-taiwanese-females-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
Miao-Chiu Lin, Ming-Chi Lu, Hanoch Livneh, Ning-Sheng Lai, How-Ran Guo, Tzung-Yi Tsai
BACKGROUND: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may experience sexual dysfunction because of symptoms or adverse effects from treatments. Data on female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in Asian females with RA issue are limited. This study investigated the prevalence and factors associated with FSD in Taiwanese patients with RA. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a purposive sampling method to recruit 195 females with RA from a single hospital in southern Taiwan...
February 14, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173855/burden-screening-and-treatment-of-depressive-and-anxious-symptoms-among-women-referred-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-prospective-study
#12
Megan C Hurley, Heather M Arthur, Caroline Chessex, Paul Oh, Karam Turk-Adawi, Sherry L Grace
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among women. Women with CVD experience a greater burden of psychosocial distress than men, and practice guidelines promote screening in cardiac patients, especially women. The objectives herein were to describe the burden of psychosocial distress, extent of screening, forms of treatment, and whether receipt of treatment was related to psychosocial distress symptom severity at follow-up, among women...
February 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143474/motivations-for-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-as-a-function-of-socioeconomic-status
#13
Dadrie F Baptiste, Erina L MacGeorge, Maria K Venetis, Ashton Mouton, L Brooke Friley, Rebekah Pastor, Kristen Hatten, Janaka Lagoo, Susan E Clare, Monet W Bowling
BACKGROUND: Despite no demonstrated survival advantage for women at average risk of breast cancer, rates of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) continue to increase. Research reveals women with higher socioeconomic status (SES) are more likely to select CPM. This study examines how indicators of SES, age, and disease severity affect CPM motivations. METHODS: Patients (N = 113) who underwent CPM at four Indiana University affiliated hospitals completed telephone interviews in 2013...
February 1, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137260/women-s-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-cervical-cancer-prevention-a-cross-sectional-study-in-eastern-uganda
#14
Trasias Mukama, Rawlance Ndejjo, Angele Musabyimana, Abdullah Ali Halage, David Musoke
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women in Uganda, often due to late disease diagnosis. Early screening for the cancer has been shown to be the most effective measure against the disease. Studies conducted elsewhere have reported the lack of awareness and negative attitudes towards cervical cancer as barriers to early screening. This study assessed the knowledge and attitudes of Ugandan women about cervical cancer prevention with the aim of informing prevention and control interventions...
January 31, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109277/binge-eating-is-associated-with-trait-anxiety-in-korean-adolescent-girls-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Jin-Yi Jung, Kye-Hyun Kim, Hee-Yeon Woo, Dong-Won Shin, Young-Chul Shin, Kang-Seob Oh, Eun-Hee Shin, Se-Won Lim
BACKGROUND: Binge eating occurs more frequently in women than in men, and is known to be related to psychological factors such as stress, depression, and anxiety. This study examined the relationship between binge eating and depression, trait anxiety, and perceived stress in Korean adolescents. METHODS: Four hundred girls (aged 17-18 years) from two high schools located in Seoul completed self-report questionnaires. In total, 327 participants returned reliable responses, and were included in the final study...
January 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103868/probiotics-for-vaginal-health-in-south-africa-what-is-on-retailers-shelves
#16
Anna-Ursula Happel, Shameem Z Jaumdally, Tanya Pidwell, Tracy Cornelius, Heather B Jaspan, Remy Froissart, Shaun L Barnabas, Jo-Ann S Passmore
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are widely used to improve gastrointestinal (GI) health, but they may also be useful to prevent or treat gynaecological disorders, including bacterial vaginosis (BV) and candidiasis. BV prevalence is high in South Africa and is associated with increased HIV risk and pregnancy complications. We aimed to assess the availability of probiotics for vaginal health in retail stores (pharmacies, supermarkets and health stores) in two major cities in South Africa. METHODS: A two-stage cluster sampling strategy was used in the Durban and Cape Town metropoles...
January 19, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100209/lifelong-vegetarianism-and-breast-cancer-risk-a-large-multicentre-case-control-study-in-india
#17
Toral Gathani, Isobel Barnes, Raghib Ali, Rajkumar Arumugham, Raju Chacko, Raghunadharao Digumarti, Parimal Jivarajani, Ravi Kannan, Dasappa Loknatha, Hemant Malhotra, Beela S Mathew
BACKGROUND: The lower incidence of breast cancer in Asian populations where the intake of animal products is lower than that of Western populations has led some to suggest that a vegetarian diet might reduce breast cancer risk. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2014 we conducted a multicentre hospital based case-control study in eight cancer centres in India. Eligible cases were women aged 30-70 years, with newly diagnosed invasive breast cancer (ICD10 C50). Controls were frequency matched to the cases by age and region of residence and chosen from the accompanying attendants of the patients with cancer or those patients in the general hospital without cancer...
January 18, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086933/self-collection-based-hpv-testing-for-cervical-cancer-screening-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-uganda-a-descriptive-analysis-of-knowledge-intentions-to-screen-and-factors-associated-with-hpv-positivity
#18
Sheona M Mitchell, Heather N Pedersen, Evelyn Eng Stime, Musa Sekikubo, Erin Moses, David Mwesigwa, Christine Biryabarema, Jan Christilaw, Josaphat K Byamugisha, Deborah M Money, Gina S Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Women living with HIV (WHIV) are disproportionately impacted by cervical dysplasia and cancer. The burden is greatest in low-income countries where limited or no access to screening exists. The goal of this study was to describe knowledge and intentions of WHIV towards HPV self-collection for cervical cancer screening, and to report on factors related to HPV positivity among women who participated in testing. METHODS: A validated survey was administered to 87 HIV positive women attending the Kisenyi Health Unit aged 30-69 years old, and data was abstracted from chart review...
January 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086838/clinical-characteristics-of-genital-chlamydia-infection-in-pelvic-inflammatory-disease
#19
Sung Taek Park, Suk Woo Lee, Min Jeong Kim, Young Mo Kang, Hye Min Moon, Chae Chun Rhim
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia infection in acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is associated with serious complications including ectopic pregnancy, tubal infertility, Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome and tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA). This study compared clinical and laboratory data between PID with and without chlamydia infection. METHODS: The medical records of 497 women who were admitted with PID between 2002 and 2011 were reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups (PID with and without chlamydia infection), which were compared in terms of the patients' characteristics, clinical presentation, and laboratory findings, including inflammatory markers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068979/first-report-on-molecular-breast-cancer-subtypes-and-their-clinico-pathological-characteristics-in-eastern-morocco-series-of-2260-cases
#20
Manal Elidrissi Errahhali, Mounia Elidrissi Errahhali, Meryem Ouarzane, Tijani El Harroudi, Said Afqir, Mohammed Bellaoui
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most frequent malignancy among women in Eastern Morocco. In this paper, we provide the first report on molecular breast cancer subtypes in this region. This is the largest population-based study on breast cancer among Moroccan women. METHODS: We analyzed 2260 breast cancer cases diagnosed at the Hassan II Regional Oncology Center between October 2005 and December 2012. Clinico-pathological and therapeutic features were studied. Molecular subtypes were determined and their associations with the clinico-pathological characteristics of the tumors were examined...
January 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
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