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BMC Women's Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545584/can-community-health-workers-play-a-greater-role-in-increasing-access-to-medical-abortion-services-a-qualitative-study
#1
Pallavi Gupta, Sharad D Iyengar, Bela Ganatra, Heidi Bart Johnston, Kirti Iyengar
BACKGROUND: Despite being legally available in India since 1971, barriers to safe and legal abortion remain, and unsafe and/or illegal abortion continues to be a problem. Community health workers have been involved in improving access to health information and care for maternal and child health in resource poor settings, but their role in facilitating accurate information about and access to safe abortion has been relatively unexplored. A qualitative study was conducted in Rajasthan, India to study acceptability, perspectives and preferences of women and community health workers, regarding the involvement of community health workers in medical abortion referrals...
May 25, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526031/breast-cancer-relatives-physical-activity-intervention-needs-and-preferences-qualitative-results
#2
Sheri J Hartman, Rochelle K Rosen
BACKGROUND: While many risk factors for breast cancer, such as family history, are not modifiable, some, however, can be modified. The study used formative qualitative research to learn about the physical activity intervention preferences and needs of first-degree female relatives (FDFRs) of breast cancer patients; that information was then used to develop a targeted physical activity intervention. METHODS: Twenty FDFRs first completed a 12-week physical activity intervention and then attended two sequential focus groups (7 groups total)...
May 19, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490358/effectively-engaging-stakeholders-and-the-public-in-developing-violence-prevention-messages
#3
Jennifer A Boyko, C Nadine Wathen, Anita Kothari
BACKGROUND: Preventing family violence requires that stakeholders and the broader public be involved in developing evidence-based violence prevention strategies. However, gaps exist in between what we know (knowledge), what we do (action), and the structures supporting practice (policy). DISCUSSION: We discuss the broad challenge of mobilizing knowledge-for-action in family violence, with a primary focus on the issue of how stakeholders and the public can be effectively engaged when developing and communicating evidence-based violence prevention messages...
May 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415994/a-pathological-and-clinical-study-of-706-primary-tumours-of-the-ovary-in-the-largest-tertiary-hospital-in-ghana
#4
Patrick Kafui Akakpo, Leonard Derkyi-Kwarteng, Richard Kwasi Gyasi, Solomom Edward Quayson, Simon Naporo, Jehoram Tei Anim
BACKGROUND: Ovarian tumours are a leading cause of death in Ghana. Even though geographical and racial differences exist in the frequency, types and age distribution of primary ovarian tumours, information about the clinical and pathological characteristics of ovarian tumours in Ghana and its neighboring countries is scanty. We determined the frequency, age distribution, histopathological types and clinical features of primary ovarian tumours diagnosed at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Ghana to aid in the management of patients...
April 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412949/skin-whitening-among-cameroonian-female-university-students-knowledge-attitudes-practices-and-motivations
#5
Emmanuel Armand Kouotou, Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Hugues Adegbidi, Theophane Christel Joel Zoa Mebara, Elie Claude Ndjitoyap Ndam
BACKGROUND: Lack of data on skin whitening (SW) among Cameroonian female university students prompted us to undertake the present study which aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitudes, practices and motivations of female university students vis-a-vis SW. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from January to April 2013 in 4 university campuses of Yaoundé, Cameroon. Any female student regularly registered in one of the study sites, who was present at the campus when the investigator visited and volunteered to participate in the study was enrolled...
April 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412942/breast-cancer-screening-practices-of-african-migrant-women-in-australia-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#6
Olayide Oluyemisi Ogunsiji, Cannas Kwok, Lee Chun Fan
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most diagnosed cancer among women and a leading cause of mortality and morbidity, globally. Breast cancer mortality can be improved through routine cancer screening, yet migrant populations have lower participation rates. While African migrants are among the fastest growing migrant population in Australia, their breast cancer screening behaviour is under-studied. The aims of this study were to report breast cancer screening status of African migrant women and factors associated with their breast cancer screening behaviour in Australia...
April 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407737/pain-in-amaxhosa-women-living-with-hiv-aids-a-cross-sectional-study-of-ambulant-outpatients
#7
Romy Parker, Jennifer Jelsma, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the most commonly reported symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS, whether or not they are receiving anti-retroviral therapy. A recent systematic review identified a paucity of studies exploring pain in women in low and middle income countries. The prevalence and characteristics of pain in women living with HIV/AIDS may differ from that of men as many chronic pain conditions are more prevalent in women. The aims of this study were to establish pain prevalence, characteristics and management in amaXhosa women living with HIV/AIDS...
April 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403855/quality-of-life-of-breast-and-cervical-cancer-survivors
#8
Huei-Ying Huang, Wen-Chen Tsai, Wen-Yu Chou, Yao-Ching Hung, Liang-Chih Liu, Kuo-Feng Huang, Wen-Ching Wang, Kam-Wing Leung, Ruey-Kuen Hsieh, Pei-Tseng Kung
BACKGROUND: Breast and cervical cancer are the most common cancers affecting women. The symptom distresses experienced by cancer survivors are critical factors influencing their quality of life (QOL). This study investigated the QOL of breast and cervical cancer survivors, their physical, psychological and social conditions. METHODS: The participants were older than 20 years, had been diagnosed with breast or cervical cancer for more than 2 years, and had completed their cancer treatment...
April 12, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403851/making-connections-across-silos-intimate-partner-violence-mental-health-and-substance-use
#9
Robin Mason, Marni Wolf, Susan O'Rinn, Gabrielle Ene
BACKGROUND: Untold numbers of women worldwide are survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) with a substantial number of these experiencing co-occurring mental health and substance use problems. Despite the complex interconnections among these problems, funding mechanisms and organizational structures and mandates have been designed to address just a single, focal problem. One of the challenges for frontline providers is the lack of effective, evidence-informed inter-professional education or training to help them identify and appropriately respond to co-occurring problems...
April 12, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399866/evaluating-the-role-of-race-and-medication-in-protection-of-uterine-fibroids-by-type-2-diabetes-exposure
#10
Digna R Velez Edwards, Katherine E Hartmann, Melissa Wellons, Anushi Shah, Hua Xu, Todd L Edwards
BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids (UF) affect 77% of women by menopause, and account for $9.4 billion in annual healthcare costs. Type-2-diabetes (T2D) has inconsistently associated with protection from UFs in prior studies. To further evaluate the relationship between T2D and UFs we tested for association between T2D and UF risk in a large clinical population as well as the potential differences due to T2D medications and interaction with race. METHODS: This nested case-control study is derived from a clinical cohort...
April 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388952/breast-cancer-in-iraq-is-associated-with-a-unimodally-distributed-predominance-of-luminal-type-b-over-luminal-type-a-surrogates-from-young-to-old-age
#11
Runnak A Majid, Hemin A Hassan, Dana N Muhealdeen, Hazha A Mohammed, Michael D Hughson
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has recently increased in post-menopausal Iraqi women. In Western countries at high-risk for breast cancer, there is a bimodal increase in estrogen receptor (ER) positive tumors with a peak of low proliferation rate luminal A over higher proliferation rate luminal B tumors after 60 years of age. The aim of this study was to analyze in Iraqi women whether shifts are occurring in immunohistochemical (IHC) surrogates of molecular breast cancer subtypes toward a high-risk profile...
April 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381301/meanings-of-abortion-in-context-accounts-of-abortion-in-the-lives-of-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#12
Maggie Kirkman, Carmel Apicella, Jillian Graham, Martha Hickey, John L Hopper, Louise Keogh, Ingrid Winship, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: A breast cancer diagnosis and an abortion can each be pivotal moments in a woman's life. Research on abortion and breast cancer deals predominantly with women diagnosed during pregnancy who might be advised to have an abortion. The other-discredited but persistent-association is that abortions cause breast cancer. The aim here was to understand some of the ways in which women themselves might experience the convergence of abortion and breast cancer. METHODS: Among 50 women recruited from the Australian Breast Cancer Family Study and interviewed in depth about what it meant to have a breast cancer diagnosis before the age of 41, five spontaneously told of having or contemplating an abortion...
April 5, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376779/factors-influencing-use-of-long-acting-versus-short-acting-contraceptive-methods-among-reproductive-age-women-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#13
Leevan Tibaijuka, Robert Odongo, Emma Welikhe, Wilber Mukisa, Lilian Kugonza, Imelda Busingye, Phelomena Nabukalu, Joseph Ngonzi, Stephen B Asiimwe, Francis Bajunirwe
BACKGROUND: Unplanned pregnancy remains a common problem in many resource-limited settings, mostly due to limited access to modern family planning (FP) services. In particular, use of the more effective long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods (i.e., intrauterine devices and hormonal implants) remains low compared to the short-acting methods (i.e., condoms, hormonal pills, injectable hormones, and spermicides). Among reproductive-age women attending FP and antenatal care clinics in Uganda, we assessed perceptions and practices regarding the use of modern contraceptive methods...
April 4, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372561/typical-patterns-of-modifiable-health-risk-factors-mhrfs-in-elderly-women-in-germany-results-from-the-cross-sectional-german-health-update-geda-study-2009-and-2010
#14
Franziska Jentsch, Jennifer Allen, Judith Fuchs, Elena von der Lippe
BACKGROUND: Modifiable health risk factors (MHRFs) significantly affect morbidity and mortality rates and frequently occur in specific combinations or risk clusters. Using five MHRFs (smoking, high-risk alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, low intake of fruits and vegetables, and obesity) this study investigates the extent to which risk clusters are observed in a representative sample of women aged 65 and older in Germany. Additionally, the structural composition of the clusters is systematically compared with data and findings from other countries...
April 4, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372548/the-swedish-translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-functional-assessment-of-chronic-illness-therapy-cervical-dysplasia-facit-cd-linguistic-validity-and-reliability-of-the-swedish-version
#15
Marie Rask, Marie Oscarsson, Neil Ludwig, Katarina Swahnberg
BACKGROUND: Cervical dysplasia is a precancerous condition, which has been shown to create anxiety in women. To be able to investigate these women's health-related quality of life, a disease-specific instrument is required. There does not seem to be a Swedish version of an instrument to screen for this specific disease. Therefore, this study aims to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Cervical Dysplasia (FACIT-CD) into a Swedish context and evaluate its linguistic validity and reliability...
April 4, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320467/the-effect-of-hormone-therapy-on-quality-of-life-and-breast-cancer-risk-after-risk-reducing-salpingo-oophorectomy-a-systematic-review
#16
Tasneem Siyam, Sue Ross, Sandra Campbell, Dean T Eurich, Nesé Yuksel
BACKGROUND: It is unclear if the use of hormone therapy (HT) in carriers of BRCA mutations improves the quality of life (QOL) without increasing the risk of breast cancer following a risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO). Our objective was to assess the effect of HT on QOL and breast cancer risk, after RRSO. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINHAL, and others, from inception to July 22, 2016, to identify relevant studies. Two reviewers independently screened identified records for controlled trials and observational studies that addressed the effect of HT on QOL and breast cancer risk in women with BRCA mutations, post RRSO...
March 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302110/beneficial-effects-of-a-coriolus-versicolor-based-vaginal-gel-on-cervical-epithelization-vaginal-microbiota-and-vaginal-health-a-pilot-study-in-asymptomatic-women
#17
Santiago Palacios, Fernando Losa, Damián Dexeus, Javier Cortés
BACKGROUND: To assess the effect of a 12-day treatment using a vaginal gel based on niosomes containing hyaluronic acid, ß-glucan, alpha-glucan oligosaccharide, Coriolus versicolor, Asian centella, Azadirachta indica and Aloe vera on vaginal microbiota, cervical epithelization and vaginal health. METHODS: Open-label, prospective pilot study conducted in asymptomatic women in daily practice. Cervical epithelization was evaluated by colposcopy using an ectopy epithelization score (from 5: no ectopy to 1: severe ectopy and bleeding), vaginal microbiota using the VaginaStatus-Diagnostic test (Instiüt für Mikroökologie, Herborn, Germany) and further rated by the investigator using a 5-point Liker scale (from 5: normal to 1: very severe deterioration in which all evaluated species were altered), and vaginal health using the Vaginal Health Index...
March 16, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298198/maternal-and-neonatal-service-usage-and-determinants-in-fragile-and-conflict-affected-situations-a-systematic-review-of-asia-and-the-middle-east
#18
Saji S Gopalan, Ashis Das, Natasha Howard
BACKGROUND: Fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS) in Asia and the Middle-East contribute significantly to global maternal and neonatal deaths. This systematic review explored maternal and neonatal health (MNH) services usage and determinants in FCS in Asia and the Middle-East to inform policy on health service provision in these challenging settings. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted using a standardised protocol. Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and selected development agency websites were searched for studies meeting inclusion criteria...
March 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284203/factors-associated-with-cervical-cancer-screening-participation-among-immigrants-of-russian-somali-and-kurdish-origin-a-population-based-study-in-finland
#19
Esther E Idehen, Tellervo Korhonen, Anu Castaneda, Teppo Juntunen, Mari Kangasniemi, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Päivikki Koponen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed low participation in cervical cancer screening among immigrants compared with non-immigrants. Only a few studies about factors associated with immigrants' lower participation rates have been conducted in European countries that have universal access for all eligible women. Our study aimed to explore factors associated with cervical screening participation among women of Russian, Somali, and Kurdish origin in Finland. METHODS: We used data from the Migrant Health and Well-being Survey, 2010-2012...
March 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279160/sex-hormone-binding-globulin-as-a-valuable-biochemical-marker-in-predicting-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Manal Abdalla Tawfeek, Eman Mohamad Alfadhli, Abdulfatah Marawan Alayoubi, Hesham Ahmad El-Beshbishy, Fawzia Ahmad Habib
BACKGROUND: Circulating Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels are inversely associated with insulin resistance. This study was conducted to compare maternal serum SHBG level between pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance and those with gestational diabetes (GDM) and to investigate the roll of SHBG in GDM diagnosis. METHODS: This was a case controlled study of 90 pregnant women, 45 women with GDM and 45 matched controls, attending obstetrics clinic at Ohud Hospital, Madina, Saudi Arabia between April 2014 and March 2015...
March 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
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