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BMC Women's Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100209/lifelong-vegetarianism-and-breast-cancer-risk-a-large-multicentre-case-control-study-in-india
#1
Toral Gathani, Isobel Barnes, Raghib Ali, Rajkumar Arumugham, Raju Chacko, Raghunadharao Digumarti, Parimal Jivarajani, Ravi Kannan, Dasappa Loknatha, Hemant Malhotra, Beela S Mathew
BACKGROUND: The lower incidence of breast cancer in Asian populations where the intake of animal products is lower than that of Western populations has led some to suggest that a vegetarian diet might reduce breast cancer risk. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2014 we conducted a multicentre hospital based case-control study in eight cancer centres in India. Eligible cases were women aged 30-70 years, with newly diagnosed invasive breast cancer (ICD10 C50). Controls were frequency matched to the cases by age and region of residence and chosen from the accompanying attendants of the patients with cancer or those patients in the general hospital without cancer...
January 18, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086933/self-collection-based-hpv-testing-for-cervical-cancer-screening-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-uganda-a-descriptive-analysis-of-knowledge-intentions-to-screen-and-factors-associated-with-hpv-positivity
#2
Sheona M Mitchell, Heather N Pedersen, Evelyn Eng Stime, Musa Sekikubo, Erin Moses, David Mwesigwa, Christine Biryabarema, Jan Christilaw, Josaphat K Byamugisha, Deborah M Money, Gina S Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Women living with HIV (WHIV) are disproportionately impacted by cervical dysplasia and cancer. The burden is greatest in low-income countries where limited or no access to screening exists. The goal of this study was to describe knowledge and intentions of WHIV towards HPV self-collection for cervical cancer screening, and to report on factors related to HPV positivity among women who participated in testing. METHODS: A validated survey was administered to 87 HIV positive women attending the Kisenyi Health Unit aged 30-69 years old, and data was abstracted from chart review...
January 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086838/clinical-characteristics-of-genital-chlamydia-infection-in-pelvic-inflammatory-disease
#3
Sung Taek Park, Suk Woo Lee, Min Jeong Kim, Young Mo Kang, Hye Min Moon, Chae Chun Rhim
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia infection in acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is associated with serious complications including ectopic pregnancy, tubal infertility, Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome and tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA). This study compared clinical and laboratory data between PID with and without chlamydia infection. METHODS: The medical records of 497 women who were admitted with PID between 2002 and 2011 were reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups (PID with and without chlamydia infection), which were compared in terms of the patients' characteristics, clinical presentation, and laboratory findings, including inflammatory markers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068979/first-report-on-molecular-breast-cancer-subtypes-and-their-clinico-pathological-characteristics-in-eastern-morocco-series-of-2260-cases
#4
Manal Elidrissi Errahhali, Mounia Elidrissi Errahhali, Meryem Ouarzane, Tijani El Harroudi, Said Afqir, Mohammed Bellaoui
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most frequent malignancy among women in Eastern Morocco. In this paper, we provide the first report on molecular breast cancer subtypes in this region. This is the largest population-based study on breast cancer among Moroccan women. METHODS: We analyzed 2260 breast cancer cases diagnosed at the Hassan II Regional Oncology Center between October 2005 and December 2012. Clinico-pathological and therapeutic features were studied. Molecular subtypes were determined and their associations with the clinico-pathological characteristics of the tumors were examined...
January 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061842/feasibility-of-thermocoagulation-in-a-screen-and-treat-approach-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-precancerous-lesions-in-sub-saharan-africa
#5
Manuela Viviano, Bruno Kenfack, Rosa Catarino, Eveline Tincho, Liliane Temogne, Anne-Caroline Benski, Pierre-Marie Tebeu, Ulrike Meyer-Hamme, Pierre Vassilakos, Patrick Petignat
BACKGROUND: The use of thermocoagulation for the treatment of cervical precancerous lesions has recently generated a great deal of interest. Our aim was to determine the feasibility of this outpatient procedure in the context of a cervical cancer (CC) screen-and-treat campaign in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Between July and December 2015, women living in the area of Dschang (Cameroon) aged between 30 and 49 years, were enrolled in a CC screening study. HPV self-sampling was performed as a primary screening test and women who were either "HPV 16/18/45-positive" or "positive to other HPV types and to VIA" were considered screen-positive, thus requiring further management...
January 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049464/quality-of-life-among-post-menopausal-women-due-to-oxidative-stress-boosted-by-dysthymia-and-anxiety
#6
Martha A Sánchez-Rodríguez, Lizett Castrejón-Delgado, Mariano Zacarías-Flores, Alicia Arronte-Rosales, Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
BACKGROUND: Menopause is the onset of aging in women. During this process, some women experience physical changes that may impact upon their psychological and social status, also affecting their quality of life. Furthermore, several psychological changes following menopause have been shown to act as pro-oxidant, but the association between the psychological status that modify the quality of life and oxidative stress in postmenopausal women is still unclear. The aim of this study was to determinate the relationship between oxidative stress with psychological disturbances, low self-esteem, depressive mood and anxiety, and quality of life in the postmenopausal women...
January 3, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955668/vision-related-quality-of-life-and-psychological-status-in-chinese-women-with-sjogren-s-syndrome-dry-eye-a-case-control-study
#7
Yuqiu Zhang, Tong Lin, Alice Jiang, Naiqing Zhao, Lan Gong
BACKGROUND: Sjogren's syndrome dry eye (SSDE) mainly affects middle-aged women and can negatively affect women's psychological and social functioning. However, little is known about the correlation between vision-related quality of life (VR-QoL) and psychological status for women with SSDE. We therefore examined VR-QoL and psychological status in two groups of Chinese women: an SSDE group and a non-SSDE group. We also explored the associations between VR-QoL scores, sociodemographic measures, ophthalmologic parameters, and psychological status in women with SSDE...
December 12, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938370/menstrual-pattern-among-adolescent-girls-of-pokhara-valley-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Sudha Sharma, Sajana Deuja, C G Saha
BACKGROUND: Menstruation is a normal physiological process occurring every month throughout the reproductive age of the females. However, significant variation in menstrual pattern is observed among adolescents. The objective of this study was to determine menstrual pattern among adolescent girls of Pokhara Valley. METHOD: A cross sectional study was conducted in seven schools of Pokhara Valley. A total of 260 adolescent girls were included in the study. Girls were requested to complete questionnaire containing 19 items...
December 9, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881163/assessing-the-feasibility-of-a-web-based-domestic-violence-intervention-using-chronic-disease-frameworks-reducing-the-burden-of-treatment-and-promoting-capacity-for-action-in-women-abused-by-a-partner
#9
Laura Tarzia, Carl May, Kelsey Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence shares many features with chronic disease, including ongoing physical and mental health problems and eroded self-efficacy. Given the challenges around help-seeking for women experiencing domestic violence, it is essential that they be given support to 'self-manage' their condition. The growing popularity of web-based applications for chronic disease self-management suggests that there may be opportunities to use them as an intervention strategy for women experiencing domestic violence, however, as yet, little is known about whether this might work in practice...
November 24, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863517/retrospective-observation-on-contribution-and-limitations-of-screening-for-breast-cancer-with-mammography-in-korea-detection-rate-of-breast-cancer-and-incidence-rate-of-interval-cancer-of-the-breast
#10
Kunsei Lee, Hyeongsu Kim, Jung Hyun Lee, Hyoseon Jeong, Soon Ae Shin, Taehwa Han, Young Lan Seo, Youngbum Yoo, Sang Eun Nam, Jong Heon Park, Yoo Mi Park
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the benefits and limitations of screening for breast cancer using mammography. METHODS: Descriptive design with follow-up was used in the study. Data from breast cancer screening and health insurance claim data were used. The study population consisted of all participants in breast cancer screening from 2009 to 2014. Crude detection rate, positive predictive value and sensitivity and specificity of breast cancer screening and, incidence rate of interval cancer of the breast were calculated...
November 18, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821100/exploratory-study-into-the-awareness-of-heart-diseases-among-emirati-women-uae-and-their-health-seeking-behaviour-a-qualitative-study
#11
Sarah Khan, Ayesha Khoory, Dhabia Al Zaffin, Meera Al Suwaidi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases were the leading cause of death in women in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in 2010. The UAE is expected to experience a tripling of heart diseases in the next two decades as risk factors for heart diseases increase. Research shows that first year survival rates of younger women suffering from a heart attack are lower than in men. Women present with a wider range of symptoms for heart diseases than men; non-recognition of atypical symptoms may explain the delay in seeking treatment and poor prognosis following heart diseases in women...
November 7, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793140/rare-case-of-complete-colon-structure-in-a-mature-cystic-teratoma-of-the-ovary-in-menopausal-woman-a-case-report
#12
Eun Young Ki, Dong Gyu Jang, Dong Jun Jeong, Chang Jin Kim, Sung Jong Lee
BACKGROUND: Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) of the ovary is benign germ cell tumor and shows the highest incidence in women of reproductive age. Histologically, it includes components derived from endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm. Although there have been many reports of MCT having small part of the intestinal component, ovarian MCT containing complete colon structure was very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic left salpingo-oophorectomy due to an incidentally found ovarian mass...
October 28, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782825/antenatal-psychosocial-risk-status-and-australian-women-s-use-of-primary-care-and-specialist-mental-health-services-in-the-year-after-birth-a-prospective-study
#13
Virginia Schmied, Rachel Langdon, Stephen Matthey, Lynn Kemp, Marie-Paule Austin, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health in the perinatal period can impact negatively on women, their infants and families. Australian State and Territory governments are investing in routine psychosocial assessment and depression screening with referral to services and support, however, little is known about how well these services are used. The aim of this paper is to report on the health services used by women for their physical and mental health needs from pregnancy to 12 months after birth and to compare service use for women who have been identified in pregnancy as having moderate-high psychosocial risk with those with low psychosocial risk...
October 25, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770782/triple-negative-breast-cancer-in-north-of-morocco-clinicopathologic-and-prognostic-features
#14
Touria Derkaoui, Joaira Bakkach, Mohamed Mansouri, Ali Loudiyi, Mohamed Fihri, Fatima Zahra Alaoui, Amina Barakat, Bouchra El Yemlahi, Hassan Bihri, Naima Ghailani Nourouti, Mohcine Bennani Mechita
BACKGROUND: Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) is defined by a lack of estrogen and progesterone receptor gene expression and by the absence of overexpression on HER2. It is associated to a poor prognosis. We propose to analyze the clinicopathologic and prognostic characteristics of this breast cancer subtype in a Mediterranean population originated or resident in the North of Morocco. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 279 patients diagnosed with breast cancer between January 2010 and January 2015...
October 22, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769220/utilization-of-contraception-among-sexually-active-hiv-positive-women-attending-art-clinic-in-university-of-gondar-hospital-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
Mulugeta Dile Worke, Lealem Meseret Bezabih, Mulat Adefris Woldetasdik
BACKGROUND: Contraception helps to prevent unplanned pregnancies among human immune virus positive women. The contraceptive utilization status and associated factors were not well addressed in the study area. Therefore, this study aimed to assess utilization of contraceptives and associated factors among human immune virus positive reproductive age group women appearing at anti-retroviral therapy clinic at the University of Gondar Hospital, North West Ethiopia. METHOD: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 397 systematically selected HIV positive reproductive age women who visited ART unit of the University of Gondar teaching referral hospital from January 8-20, 2014...
October 21, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756289/physical-activity-and-the-risk-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-amongst-pregnant-women-living-in-soweto-a-study-protocol
#16
Tasneem Khan, Shelley Macaulay, Shane A Norris, Lisa K Micklesfield, Estelle D Watson
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased rapidly in both developed and developing countries and has become a growing health concern worldwide. A recent systematic review highlighted the paucity of data available on the prevalence and potential burden of GDM in Africa, which was emphasised by the fact that only 11 % of African countries were represented in the review. In South Africa, the prevalence of GDM remains unknown, although one would estimate it to be high due to urbanisation and the growing obesity epidemic...
October 18, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756287/tailoring-communications-to-the-evolving-needs-of-patients-throughout-the-cancer-care-trajectory-a-qualitative-exploration-with-breast-cancer-patients
#17
Eun-Jung Shim, Jee Eun Park, Myungsun Yi, Dooyoung Jung, Kwang-Min Lee, Bong-Jin Hahm
BACKGROUND: Doctor-patient communication is a crucial aspect of patient care. This study explored the communication experience of patients in a cancer consultation over the course of the cancer continuum. METHODS: In-depth interviews with seven breast cancer patients were carried out. RESULTS: Themes related to communication experiences across the five phases of cancer consultation, from diagnosis to recurrence, were identified. The most salient issue is that patients also perceived cancer as 'a disease of the mind', which is not adequately cared for in consultation...
October 18, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576310/protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-compare-bone-loading-exercises-with-risedronate-for-preventing-bone-loss-in-osteopenic-postmenopausal-women
#18
Laura D Bilek, Nancy L Waltman, Joan M Lappe, Kevin A Kupzyk, Lynn R Mack, Diane M Cullen, Kris Berg, Meghan Langel, Melissa Meisinger, Ashlee Portelli-Trinidad, Molly Lang
BACKGROUND: In the United States, over 34 million American post-menopausal women have low bone mass (osteopenia) which increases their risk of osteoporosis and fractures. Calcium, vitamin D and exercise are recommended for prevention of osteoporosis, and bisphosphonates (BPs) are prescribed in women with osteoporosis. BPs may also be prescribed for women with low bone mass, but are more controversial due to the potential for adverse effects with long-term use. A bone loading exercise program (high-impact weight bearing and resistance training) promotes bone strength by preserving bone mineral density (BMD), improving bone structure, and by promoting bone formation at sites of mechanical stress...
August 30, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475998/self-administered-multi-level-pregnancy-tests-in-simplified-follow-up-of-medical-abortion-in-tunisia
#19
Rasha Dabash, Tara Shochet, Selma Hajri, Héla Chelli, Anne-Emmanuele Hassairi, Douha Haleb, Hayet Labassi, Ezzedine Sfar, Fatma Temimi, Leah Koenig, Beverly Winikoff
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to assess the efficacy and acceptability of using a multi-level pregnancy test (MLPT) combined with telephone follow-up for medical abortion in Tunisia, where the majority of providers are midwives. METHODS: Four hundred and four women with gestational age ≤ 70 days' LMP seeking medical abortion at six study sites were enrolled in this open-label trial. Participants administered a baseline MLPT at the clinic prior to mifepristone administration and were asked to take a second MLPT at home and to call in its results before returning the day of their scheduled follow-up visit 10-14 days later...
July 30, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259804/a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-for-relationship-of-frequency-of-vegetables-intake-and-osteoporosis-in-a-chinese-postmenopausal-women-sample
#20
Najia Liu, Fangfang Zeng, Keqin Zhang, Zihui Tang
BACKGROUND: The main purpose of this study was to explore the associations between frequency of vegetables intake and osteoporosis (OP) in Chinese postmenopausal women. METHODS: We conducted a large-scale, community-based, cross-sectional study to investigate the associations by using self-report questionnaire to access frequency of vegetables intake. The total of 1903 participants was available to data analysis in this study. Multiple regression models to include frequency of vegetables variable were performed to investigate the relationships for OP, after controlling for confounding factors...
June 3, 2016: BMC Women's Health
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