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BMC Women's Health

Adane Bitew, Yeshiwork Abebaw
BACKGROUND: Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a global issue of concern due to its association with economic costs, sexually transmitted infections, and ascending genital tract infection. The aim of this study was to determine species distribution and antifungal susceptibility pattern of Candida species causing vulvovaginal candidiasis. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2015 to December 2016 at the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia. Vaginal swabs collected from study subjects that were clinically diagnosed with vulvovaginal candidiasis were cultured...
June 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Merga Dheresa, Alemayehu Worku, Lemessa Oljira, Bizatu Mengiste, Nega Assefa, Yemane Berhane
BACKGROUND: Hundreds of millions of women suffer from pelvic floor disorders globally, often in silence. Women in developing countries do not disclose their problems due to associated social stigma or lack of access to services. Thus, the extent of the problem remains largely unknown. This study was conducted to assess the magnitude of pelvic floor disorders in Kersa district Eastern Ethiopia. METHOD: We conducted a community-based cross-sectional study among ever married women who reside in Kersa district, Eastern Ethiopia...
June 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Keng-Yen Huang, Nancy Grote, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies present a great public health burden in Kenya and Sub-Saharan Africa (UNFPA, Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of Adolescent Pregnancy, 2013). The disenfranchisement from public institutions and services is further compounded by cultural stigma and gender inequality creating emotional, psychosocial, health, and educational problems in the lives of vulnerable pregnant adolescents (Int J Adolesc Med Health 15(4):321-9, 2003; BMC Public Health 8:83, 2008)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Zahra Shahraki, Fatemeh Davari Tanha, Mahsa Ghajarzadeh
BACKGROUND: Women suffering from infertility are at higher risk of experiencing psychological problems. Sexual function and sexual related quality of life is not considered as it should be. We designed this study to assess depression, sexual function and sexual quality of life in Iranian women with infertility. METHODS: Two hundred and sixty four individuals participated in the study (115 healthy controls, 78 with primary and 71 with secondary infertility). All participants were asked to fill a valid and reliable Persian versions of BDI (Beck depression inventory), FSFIS (Female Sexual Function Index) and sexual quality of life-Female (SQOL-F) questionnaires...
June 14, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Els Leye, Emilomo Ogbe, Maaike Heyerick
BACKGROUND: Hymen reconstruction (HR) involves the restoration of the hymeneal membrane's gross anatomical integrity. Among the medical profession, hymen reconstruction receives particular attention and its necessity is debated because the surgery is not medically indicated, and often reveals conflicting social norms on virginity and marriageability between health professionals and their patients. The focus of this paper is not to address the many open questions that the ethics and politics around HR reveal, but rather aims at contributing to the much-needed empirical evidence...
June 13, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Katayoun Taghavi, Dipanwita Banerjee, Ranajit Mandal, Helena Kopp Kallner, Malin Thorsell, Therese Friis, Ljiljana Kocoska-Maras, Björn Strander, Albert Singer, Elisabeth Wikström
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional pilot study evaluates diagnostic accuracy of live colposcopy versus static image Swede-score evaluation for detecting significant precancerous cervical lesions greater than, or equal to grade 2 severity (CIN2+). METHODS: VIA or HrHPV positive women were examined using a mobile colposcope, in a rural clinic in Kolkata, India. Live versus static Swede-score colposcopy assessments were made independently. All assessments were by gynecologists, junior or expert...
June 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Yannick Hurni, Marta Bonollo, Ludovica Ferrero, Gianmarco Taraschi, Claudia Canonica, Sophie Venturelli Reyes Lozano
BACKGROUND: Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the upper genital tract, including the uterus, ovaries, uterine tubes, and pelvic peritoneum. Tubo-ovarian abscess and pyosalpinx are common complications associated with pelvic inflammatory disease. They are usually encountered in sexually active women, but rare cases in Virgos have also been described. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report the case of a 50-year-old Virgo woman presenting with pyosalpinx secondary to previous laparotomic sigmoidectomy for acute diverticulitis...
June 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Christian Seitz, Vivian Lanius, Susanne Lippert, Christoph Gerlinger, Claudia Haberland, Frank Oehmke, Hans-Rudolf Tinneberg
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common, chronic condition in women of reproductive age that is characterized by the presence of functional endometriotic lesions outside the uterus. The Endometriosis Symptom Diary (ESD) is an electronic patient-reported outcome (ePRO) instrument that assesses women's experience of endometriosis symptoms, with pain scored using a 0-10 numeric rating scale. This study investigated patterns of data missing from the ESD in the VALEPRO study. METHODS: Post hoc analyses of missing data were conducted...
June 8, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Abebe Dires Nega, Mulat Adefris Woldetsadik, Abebaw Addis Gelagay
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of death in women worldwide. Majority of the cases are found in developing countries. The increasing risk of cervical cancer death and the high prevalence of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection in Human immuno-deficiency virus(HIV) positive women calls for determining the level of premalignant cervical cancer (Ca) screening uptake. So, this study aimed to assess the uptake of cervical cancer screening and its associated factors...
June 7, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Reiko Suga, Mayumi Tsuji, Rie Tanaka, Eiji Shibata, Masayuki Tanaka, Ayako Senju, Shunsuke Araki, Seiichi Morokuma, Masafumi Sanefuji, Masako Oda, Nathan Mise, Yosuke Baba, Mina Hayama-Terada, Koichi Kusuhara, Hiroshi Mitsubuchi, Takahiko Katoh, Toshihiro Kawamoto
BACKGROUND: In Japan, although the number of females who continue to work after marriage has recently increased, the proportion of those working while parenting their infants is still not clearly increasing, indicating that it is still difficult for them to continue working after delivery. The present study aimed to clarify factors influencing females' continuation of work, using data obtained by continuously following up the same subjects and focusing on occupation changes, family environments, and the type of employment after pregnancy or delivery...
June 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Goshu Hagos, Gurmesa Tura, Gizienesh Kahsay, Kebede Haile, Teklit Grum, Tsige Araya
BACKGROUND: Abortion remains among the leading causes of maternal death worldwide. Post-abortion contraception is significantly effective in preventing unintended pregnancy and abortion if provided before women leave the health facilty. However, the status of post-abortion family planning (PAFP) utilization and the contributing factors are not well studied in Tigray region. So, we conduct study aimed on family planning utilization and factors associated with it among women receiving abortion services...
June 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Robert Klitzman
BACKGROUND: Infertility patients generally see provider-patient communication and relationships as important, but as often insufficient, raising critical questions regarding why these gaps persist, and how they might best be addressed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews of approximately one hour each were conducted with 37 ART providers and patients (17 physicians, 10 other health providers, and 10 patients) and were thematically analyzed. RESULTS: Patients see clinicians' interactions as ranging widely from good to bad, related to several specific barriers and factors...
June 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Setegn Tigabu, Tesfa Demelew, Awol Seid, Bisrate Sime, Tsegahun Manyazewal
BACKGROUND: Despite the large-scale investment in access to contraceptives, high population growth and unintended pregnancies are posing pressures in Ethiopia where the economy is incapable of holding overpopulation. The aim of this study was to assess and explore socioeconomic and religious differentials in contraceptive uptake. METHODS: A mixed-methods phenomenological study was conducted in western Ethiopia, Oromia region. Data were collected through survey with 1352 mothers of reproductive age, interviews with 37 key informants, and 13 focus group discussions with family planning service providers, college instructors and mothers of reproductive age...
June 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Joyce Kisiangani, Joyce Baliddawa, Pamela Marinda, Hillary Mabeya, Joseph K Choge, Eric Onyango Adino, Christopher Khayeka-Wandabwa
BACKGROUND: Estimately, 70-80% of cancer cases are diagnosed in late stages in Kenya with breast cancer being a common cause of mortality among women where late diagnosis is the major ubiquitous concern. Numerous studies have focused on epidemiological and health policy dynamics essentially underestimating the determining factors that shape people's choices and cues to health care service uptake. The study sought to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and health seeking behavior towards breast cancer and its screening in a quest to explain why women present for prognosis and treatment when symptomatic pointers are in advanced stages, impeding primary prevention strategies...
June 1, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Anouk J M Cornelissen, Stefania M H Tuinder, Esther M Heuts, René R W J van der Hulst, Jenny Slatman
BACKGROUND: Restoring the body as normal as possible increases quality of life. Aesthetically, almost perfect breast reconstructions can be created. However, these reconstructed breasts have almost no sensation. Our hypothesis is that if we succeed in restoring sensation, this will increase quality of life. So far, little is written about the phenomenon of breast sensation, which makes it difficult to evaluate whether the quality of life increases after restored sensation. Therefore, the primary goal of this study is to determine what the importance and meaning is of breast sensation among healthy women...
June 1, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Petra Verdonk, Suzanne Metselaar, Oka Storms, Edien Bartels
BACKGROUND: Cousin marriages, in the Netherlands most frequently between Turkish or Moroccan couples, are at higher risk of having offspring with recessive disorders. Often, these couples not perceive or accept this risk, and it is hardly considered a reason to refrain from family marriages. Preconception carrier screening (PCS) is offered to Jewish groups, and more recently in the Netherlands, to genetically isolated communities. In this study, Dutch Moroccan and Turkish women's perspectives on preconception carrier screening (PCS) and reproductive choices were explored...
May 31, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi, Farzaneh Jafarnejad, Somayeh Sadeghi Goghary
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common disorder among women of reproductive age. Nearly 40% of women report problems with their menstrual cycles. Exercise is one of the recommended treatments to reduce symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). The present study was conducted to determine the effect of 8 weeks aerobic exercise on severity of physical symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial (IRCT2015021721116N1) that was performed on 65 students living in student dormitories of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in 2016, Iran...
May 31, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Genet Gebrehiwot, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Gebreamlak Gidey, Kidan Abrha
BACKGROUND: Postnatal care service enables health professionals to identify post-delivery problems including potential complications for the mother with her baby and to provide treatments promptly. In Ethiopia, postnatal care service is made accessible to all women for free however the utilization of the service is very low. This study assessed the utilization of postnatal care services of urban women and the factors associated in public health facilities in Mekelle city, Tigrai Region, Northern Ethiopia...
May 30, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Fayez T Hammad, Hassan M Elbiss, Nawal Osman
BACKGROUND: The healthcare-seeking behaviour of women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is affected by several factors including the cultural background. There is limited number of studies which addressed the healthcare-seeking behaviour in women with POP. The aim of this study was to determine the degree of bother, social impact and healthcare seeking behaviour of symptoms of POP in one of the Gulf countries and compare the results to published data from other areas. METHODS: All women who attended the three family development centres in our city between January 2010 and January 2011 and who had symptoms suggestive of POP were included in the study...
May 30, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Digafe Tsegaye Nigatu, Asefa Seme, Shewaye Fituma, Mesfin Tafa Segni
BACKGROUND: For physiological as well as behavioral reasons, sexual debut increases young individuals' risk for infection with sexually transmitted infection including HIV. It is fundamental to recognize the factors related to sexual debut in a broader context for designing and implementing effective interventions targeting youth. METHODS: Community-based cross-sectional study was employed from January to May, 2013 among females of Ambo town. A multistage sampling technique was applied...
May 30, 2018: BMC Women's Health
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