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BMC Women's Health

Ailie Young, Seonaidh Cotton, Margaret Eleanor Cruickshank
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that woman attending their first cervical screening or colposcopy appointment experience negative emotions, primarily anxiety and fear. With the introduction of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, it is unknown whether these emotions will have altered or whether the information needs of vaccinated women will have changed. The objective of this study is to determine the knowledge, understanding and concerns that young women have about HPV when attending colposcopy and whether their information needs are met...
December 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Anna Galle, Heleen Vermandere, Sally Griffin, Málica de Melo, Lino Machaieie, Dirk Van Braeckel, Olivier Degomme
BACKGROUND: In Mozambique, both the government and partners have undertaken efforts over the last decade to improve FP (family planning) services, especially through training health care providers and promoting the uptake of LARCs (Long Acting Reversible Contraceptives). Despite this, uptake of FP methods has not increased significantly. This study aims to examine women's knowledge on LARCs, including their main sources of information, and the quality of care of FP services in rural areas...
December 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Yan Xia, Xuemin Wei, Hui Gong, Yunxiang Ni
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this comprehensive meta-analysis was to assess the association of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) expression with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS)/progression-free survival (PFS) in ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: Systematic searches of Pubmed databases was performed to identify relevant literature published before February 28, 2018. A total of 14 studies (13 articles) with 2210 ovarian cancer patients were pooled...
December 6, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Konstantinos Sfakianoudis, Mara Simopoulou, Yorgos Nikas, Anna Rapani, Nikolaos Nitsos, Katerina Pierouli, Athanasios Pappas, Agni Pantou, Christina Markomichali, Michael Koutsilieris, Konstantinos Pantos
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and efficient management of Chronic Endometritis (CE) in patients seeking fertility treatment are two components every practitioner wishes to address. With respect to endometrial restoration, antibiotic treatment appears to perform well. However, regarding the improvement of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) success rates, literature evidence is inconclusive, and consensus on optimal treatment has yet to be reached. This manuscript uniquely brings to literature the first report on effective employment of intrauterine antibiotic infusion to treat CE and contribute to addressing the infertility related to it...
December 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Gezahegn Tesfaye, Deborah Loxton, Catherine Chojenta, Nega Assefa, Roger Smith
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts at curbing maternal morbidity and mortality, developing countries are still burdened with high rates of maternal morbidity and mortality. Ethiopia is not an exception and has one of the world's highest rates of maternal deaths. Reducing the huge burden of maternal mortality remains the single most serious challenge in Ethiopia. There is a paucity of information with regards to the local level magnitude and causes of maternal mortality. We assessed the magnitude, trends and causes of maternal mortality using surveillance data from the Kersa Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS), in Eastern Ethiopia...
December 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Ka Ying Bonnie Ng, Susan Wellstead, Ying Cheong, Nick Macklon
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle, in particular obesity and smoking has significant impacts on fertility and an important focus for the treatment of reproductive failures is the optimisation of periconceptional lifestyle behaviours. The preimplantation intrauterine environment within the uterus is also key for embryo development and early programming. Although the benefits a healthy periconceptional lifestyle are well described, there remains a paucity of data demonstrating the efficacy of interventions designed to optimise preconceptional lifestyle behaviours and choices...
December 4, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Fernanda B C Pires, Shirley S Lacerda, Joana B Balardin, Bruna Portes, Patrícia R Tobo, Carla R C Barrichello, Edson Amaro, Elisa H Kozasa
BACKGROUND: Women have been assuming more responsibilities and higher positions in major companies, which exposes them to high levels of stress. Higher perceived work stress is related to higher emotional reactivity. Difficulties with emotional regulation can lead to anxiety and mood disorders, which are more prevalent in women than men. Indeed, women leaders are more likely to experience emotional fatigue than men due to excessive empathy. Our aim was to evaluate the associations between self-compassion (SC) scores to depression symptoms, perceived stress and mindfulness, as well as with brain responses to high-arousal unpleasant and pleasant pictures from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS), as measured through functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) in women managers...
November 27, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Amie L Bingham, Cameryn C Garrett, Christine Bayly, Anne M Kavanagh, Louise A Keogh, Rebecca J Bentley, Jane S Hocking
BACKGROUND: Unplanned pregnancy is a significant problem in Australia. Local data pertaining to use of the levonorgestrel-releasing intra-uterine device (LNG-IUD), and associated factors are limited. The aim of this analysis was to calculate prescribing rates of the LNG-IUD in Australia, including trends in prescribing and associations with socio-demographic factors, in order to increase understanding regarding potential use. METHODS: We examined prescriptions for the LNG-IUD recorded in the national Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) from 2008 to 2012...
November 27, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Nerissa Nance, Lauren Ralph, Nancy Padian, Frances Cowan, Raluca Buzdugan, Angela Mushavi, Agnes Mahomva, Sandra I McCoy
BACKGROUND: The postpartum period is an opportune time for contraception adoption, as women have extended interaction with the reproductive healthcare system and therefore more opportunity to learn about and adopt contraceptive methods. This may be especially true for women who experience unintended pregnancy, a key target population for contraceptive programs and programs to eliminate mother-to-child HIV transmission. Among women in Zimbabwe surveyed in 2014, we examined the relationship between pregnancy intention associated with a woman's most recent pregnancy, and her subsequent postpartum contraceptive use...
November 26, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Sylviane Darquy, Grégoire Moutel, Odile Jullian, Stéphanie Barré, Nathalie Duchange
BACKGROUND: The French national cancer institute (INCa) conducted a series of studies to assist decision-making in view of the implementation of organised cervical cancer screening that will be launched in 2018. The programme will concern all women aged 25-65 and targeted interventions will be developed for underscreened populations. This is an evolution from an equality-based approach to a step-by-step strategy of equity aiming to tackle health cancer inequalities that are avoidable and represents unfair differences...
November 26, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Zeinab Javadivala, Effat Merghati-Khoei, Carol Underwood, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Hamid Allahverdipour
BACKGROUND: Women's sexuality may be adversely affected during the menopausal transition. This exploratory qualitative study was conducted to explore how women assign meaning to and process sexual motivation during the menopausal transition. METHODS: We purposefully approached 22 married women ages 44-59 (52.81 ± 3.6 years) in urban health care centers and workplaces in Tabriz city, located in northwest Iran. Individual face-to-face interviews were performed at a place and time convenient to the women...
November 23, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Nigisti Belete, Ayalnesh Zemene, Hadgay Hagos, Abere Yekoye
BACKGROUND: Contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) for married women aged 15-49 in Ethiopia is 36%, with 35% using modern methods and 1% using traditional methods. However, the discontinuation rate is fairly high. Women usually discontinue contraception use for fertility and method related reasons without adopting an alternate method which in turn leads to many health risks such as unwanted pregnancy, unplanned childbearing, miscarriage, abortion, leads to morbidity and mortality among mothers and newborns...
November 22, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Abreham Nageso, Achamyelesh Gebretsadik
BACKGROUND: Early discontinuation of the Implanon contraceptive method and reasons for such discontinuation remains a major concern for family planning programs. In less developed countries, contraceptive discontinuation due to health concerns is generally higher, these complaints are often related to service quality. Significant numbers of women become exposed to conception after discontinuation and accidental pregnancies that end up with abortion & stillbirth. The aim of this study was to assess the early discontinuation rate of Implanon and identify its associated factors among women who ever used Implanon in 2016 in Dale district, Southern Ethiopia...
November 20, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Elias Asfaw Zegeye, Josue Mbonigaba, Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene
BACKGROUND: Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission (PMTCT) coverage has been low in Ethiopia and the service has been implemented in a fragmented manner. Solutions to this problem have mainly been sought on the supply-side in the form of improved management and allocation of limited resources. However, this approach largely ignores the demand-side factors associated with low PMTCT coverage in the country. The study assesses the factors associated with the utilization of PMTCT services taking into consideration counts of visits to antenatal care (ANC) services in urban high-HIV prevalence and rural low-HIV prevalence settings in Ethiopia...
November 19, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Indra San Lazaro Campillo, Sarah Meaney, Jacqueline Sheehan, Rachel Rice, Keelin O'Donoghue
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous miscarriage is the most common complication of pregnancy, occurring in up to 20% of pregnancies. Despite the prevalence of miscarriage, little is known regarding peoples' awareness and understanding of causes of pregnancy loss. The aim of this study was to explore university students' understanding of rates, causes and risk factors of miscarriage. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including university students. An online questionnaire was circulated to all students at the University College Cork using their university email accounts in April and May 2016...
November 19, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Yu Xiao, Yong Wang, Min Wang, Kai Liu
BACKGROUND: To investigate the impact of follicular flushing on the number of oocytes retrieved and embryo quality and to determine the optimal number of flushings for poor ovarian responders (PORs) undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: This retrospective study included 291 IVF cycles in 224 patients who were PORs and had no more than three dominant follicles on retrieval day. During oocyte retrieval, follicular fluid was aspirated and examined for an oocyte...
November 16, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Seema Vyas, Henrica A F M Jansen
BACKGROUND: Research on factors associated with partner violence against women is often framed within the context of gender inequality and power imbalances between husbands and wives-inequalities that are considered products of broader structural systems. Tanzania, a patriarchal society where high levels of partner violence exists, has gone through rapid economic and social changes over the past two decades. Increasing numbers of women are seeking paid work, and men's ideals of manhood have reshaped with evidence of extra marital relations and alcohol use...
November 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Anne Herrmann, Alix Hall, Anthony Proietto
BACKGROUND: Women at an increased risk of ovarian cancer often have to decide for or against the surgical removal of their healthy ovaries to reduce their cancer risk. This decision can be extremely difficult. Despite this, there is a lack of guidance on how to best support women in making this decision. Research that is guided by theoretical frameworks is needed to help inform clinical practice. We explored the decision-making process of women who are at an increased risk of developing ovarian cancer and had to decide for or against the removal of their ovaries...
November 14, 2018: BMC Women's Health
L Lewis Wall, Kibrom Teklay, Alem Desta, Shewaye Belay
BACKGROUND: Menstruation is a universal aspect of human female reproductive life. Management of menstrual flow presents hygiene challenges to girls and women in low-income countries, especially when they first start their periods. As part of a project to improve menstrual hygiene management in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia, we explored the local understanding of menstruation through focus-group discussions and individual interviews. METHODS: A detailed ethnographic survey of menstrual beliefs was carried out through 40 focus group discussions, 64 in-depth key informant interviews, and 16 individual case histories in the Tigray Region of northern Ethiopia...
November 13, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Mengyun Luo, Liping Zhu, Yuanyuan Dong, Zezhou Wang, Qiuming Shen, Dandan Mo, Li Du, Zhiruo Zhang, Yong Cai
BACKGROUND: Individuals with high sexual compulsivity are preoccupied with their sexual desire to such an extent that it interferes with their normal daily life and can inhibit self-control. Previous studies have found a close association between sexual compulsivity and condomless sex among different populations; however, no studies have investigated this among unmarried female migrant workers in China. This study aimed to validate the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS) for appropriate use and examine the association between sexual compulsivity and condomless sex in this target population...
November 9, 2018: BMC Women's Health
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