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BMC Palliative Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788956/building-bridges-paediatric-palliative-care-in-belgium-a-secondary-data-analysis-of-annual-paediatric-liaison-team-reports-from-2010-to-2014
#1
Marie Friedel, Bénédicte Brichard, Christine Fonteyne, Marleen Renard, Jean-Paul Misson, Els Vandecruys, Corinne Tonon, Françoise Verfaillie, Georgette Hendrijckx, Nathalie Andersson, Ilse Ruysseveldt, Katrien Moens, Jean-Marie Degryse, Isabelle Aujoulat
BACKGROUND: Although continuity of care in paediatric palliative care (PPC) is considered to be an essential element of quality of care, it's implementation is challenging. In Belgium, five paediatric liaison teams (PLTs) deliver palliative care. A Royal Decree issued in 2010 provides the legal framework that defines the PLTs' missions, as ensuring continuity of curative and palliative care between the hospital and home for children diagnosed with life-limiting conditions. This national study describes how PLTs ensure continuity of care by describing their activities and the characteristics of the children they cared for from 2010 to 2014...
May 22, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773072/formal-procedure-to-facilitate-the-decision-to-withhold-or-withdraw-life-sustaining-interventions-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-seven-year-retrospective-study
#2
G Sorin, R Vialet, B Tosello
BACKGROUND: Neonatal deaths are often associated with the complex decision to limit or withdraw life-sustaining interventions (LSIs) rather than therapeutic impasses. Despite the existence of a law, significant disparities in clinical procedures remain. This study aimed to assess deaths occurring in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and measure the impact of a traceable Limitation or Withdrawal of Active Treatment (LWAT) file on the treatment of these newborns. METHODS: In this monocentric retrospective study, we reviewed all consecutive neonatal deaths occurring during two three-year periods among patients in the NICU at the North Hospital of Marseille: cohort 1 (from 2009 to 2011 without the LWAT file) and cohort 2 (from 2013 to 2015 after introduction of the LWAT file)...
May 17, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764435/use-of-hospital-palliative-care-according-to-the-place-of-death-and-disease-one-year-before-death-in-2013-a-french-national-observational-study
#3
Claire Poulalhon, Laureen Rotelli-Bihet, Sébastien Moine, Anne Fagot-Campagna, Régis Aubry, Philippe Tuppin
BACKGROUND: Only limited data are available concerning the diseases managed before death and hospital palliative care (HPC) use according to place of death in France. We therefore conducted an observational study based on administrative health data in a large population to identify the diseases treated one year before death in 2013, the place of stay with or without hospital palliative care, and the place of death. METHODS: French health insurance general scheme beneficiaries were identified in the National Health data Information System (Snds) with a selection of information...
May 16, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747628/the-availability-and-effectiveness-of-tools-supporting-shared-decision-making-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-care-a-review
#4
Inge Spronk, Jako S Burgers, François G Schellevis, Liesbeth M van Vliet, Joke C Korevaar
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making (SDM) in the management of metastatic breast cancer care is associated with positive patient outcomes. In daily clinical practice, however, SDM is not fully integrated yet. Initiatives to improve the implementation of SDM would be helpful. The aim of this review was to assess the availability and effectiveness of tools supporting SDM in metastatic breast cancer care. METHODS: Literature databases were systematically searched for articles published since 2006 focusing on the development or evaluation of tools to improve information-provision and to support decision-making in metastatic breast cancer care...
May 11, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747631/feasibility-acceptability-and-adaption-of-dignity-therapy-a-mixed-methods-study-achieving-360%C3%A2-feedback
#5
Sandra Stephanie Mai, Swantje Goebel, Elisabeth Jentschke, Birgitt van Oorschot, Karl-Heinz Renner, Martin Weber
BACKGROUND: Dignity Therapy (DT) is a short-term intervention to reduce psychological suffering in end-of-life care. Its strength lies in evidenced-based development and investigation. The aim of the present study is to investigate the feasibility of DT at German palliative care units (PCU), as well as the acceptability and adaption of a German version of the DT question protocol (DTQP). METHOD: A clinical multicentre mixed methods study, whereby patients and relatives provided quantitative (feedback questionnaires) and qualitative (cognitive interviews) data on the DT intervention...
May 10, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739457/key-features-of-palliative-care-service-delivery-to-indigenous-peoples-in-australia-new-zealand-canada-and-the-united-states-a-comprehensive-review
#6
Shaouli Shahid, Emma V Taylor, Shelley Cheetham, John A Woods, Samar M Aoun, Sandra C Thompson
BACKGROUND: Indigenous peoples in developed countries have reduced life expectancies, particularly from chronic diseases. The lack of access to and take up of palliative care services of Indigenous peoples is an ongoing concern. OBJECTIVES: To examine and learn from published studies on provision of culturally safe palliative care service delivery to Indigenous people in Australia, New Zealand (NZ), Canada and the United States of America (USA); and to compare Indigenous peoples' preferences, needs, opportunities and barriers to palliative care...
May 8, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739375/how-do-professionals-assess-the-quality-of-life-of-children-with-advanced-cancer-receiving-palliative-care-and-what-are-their-recommendations-for-improvement
#7
Josianne Avoine-Blondin, Véronique Parent, Léonor Fasse, Clémentine Lopez, Nago Humbert, Michel Duval, Serge Sultan
BACKGROUND: It is known that information regarding the quality of life of a patient is central to pediatric palliative care. This information allows professionals to adapt the care and support provided to children and their families. Previous studies have documented the major areas to be investigated in order to assess the quality of life, although it is not yet known what operational criteria or piece of information should be used in the context of pediatric palliative care. The present study aims to: 1) Identify signs of quality of life and evaluation methods currently used by professionals to assess the quality of life of children with cancer receiving palliative care...
May 8, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728091/benchmarking-time-to-initiation-of-end-of-life-homecare-nursing-a-population-based-cancer-cohort-study-in-regions-across-canada
#8
Hsien Seow, Danial Qureshi, Lisa Barbera, Kim McGrail, Beverley Lawson, Fred Burge, Rinku Sutradhar
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated the benefits of early initiation of end-of-life care, particularly homecare nursing services. However, there is little research on variations in the timing of when end-of-life homecare nursing is initiated and no established benchmarks. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with a cancer-confirmed cause of death between 2004 and 2009, from three Canadian provinces (British Columbia, Nova Scotia, and Ontario)...
May 4, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720154/comparing-unplanned-and-potentially-planned-home-deaths-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#9
Camilla Kjellstadli, Bettina Sandgathe Husebø, Hogne Sandvik, Elisabeth Flo, Steinar Hunskaar
BACKGROUND: There is little research on number of planned home deaths. We need information about factors associated with home deaths, but also differences between planned and unplanned home deaths to improve end-of-life-care at home and make home deaths a feasible alternative. Our aim was to investigate factors associated with home deaths, estimate number of potentially planned home deaths, and differences in individual characteristics between people with and without a potentially planned home death...
May 2, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703204/exploring-end-of-life-interaction-in-dyads-of-parents-and-adult-children-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Stephanie Stiel, Eva-Maria Stelzer, Nils Schneider, Franziska A Herbst
BACKGROUND: A considerable number of terminally-ill adult children are outlived by at least one parent and receive palliative care prior to their death. At the same time, adult children continue to be confronted with their parents' terminal illnesses and end-of-life situations. The current study explores the specifics of dyadic interaction at the end of life between a) adult children suffering from a life-threatening disease and their parents, and b) terminally ill parents and their adult children...
April 27, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690870/palliative-care-for-homeless-people-a-systematic-review-of-the-concerns-care-needs-and-preferences-and-the-barriers-and-facilitators-for-providing-palliative-care
#11
Hanna T Klop, Anke J E de Veer, Sophie I van Dongen, Anneke L Francke, Judith A C Rietjens, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen
BACKGROUND: Homeless people often suffer from complex and chronic comorbidities, have high rates of morbidity and die at much younger ages than the general population. Due to a complex combination of physical, psychosocial and addiction problems at the end of life, they often have limited access to palliative care. Both the homeless and healthcare providers experience a lot of barriers. Therefore, providing palliative care that fits the needs and concerns of the homeless is a challenge to healthcare providers...
April 24, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678173/the-japan-hospice-and-palliative-evaluation-study-4-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#12
Kento Masukawa, Maho Aoyama, Tatsuya Morita, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
BACKGROUND: Constant evaluation is important for maintaining and improving the quality of end-of-life care. We therefore conduct the fourth Japan Hospice and Palliative Evaluation Study (J-HOPE4) as a continuous evaluation study. In this present paper, we describe the design of J-HOPE4. The main purposes of J-HOPE4 are as follows:1) to evaluate the processes, structures, and outcomes of palliative care acute hospitals, palliative care units, and home hospice services; 2) to examine bereaved family members' self-reported psychosocial conditions, such as grief and depression as bereavement outcomes;3) to provide data to ensure and improve the quality of care provided by participating institutions via feedback based on the results from each institution; and 4) provide clinical and academic information concerning the implications of various issues in palliative care by conducting additional studies...
April 20, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678168/self-competence-in-death-work-among-health-and-social-care-workers-a-region-wide-survey-in-hong-kong
#13
Johnny T K Cheung, Doreen W H Au, Wallace C H Chan, Jenny H Y Chan, Kenway Ng, Jean Woo
BACKGROUND: According to the Quality of Death Index, Hong Kong is lagging behind many other Western and Asian countries in the category of palliative and healthcare. To ensure the provision of high-quality palliative care, it is important to explore the self-competence of health and social care workers in coping with death work including palliative care. This region-wide study aims to assess the level of self-competence with a validated Self-Competence in Death Work Scale (SC-DWS) and examine its correlates...
April 20, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673361/adding-a-second-surprise-question-triggers-general-practitioners-to-increase-the-thoroughness-of-palliative-care-planning-results-of-a-pilot-rct-with-cage-vignettes
#14
F Weijers, C Veldhoven, C Verhagen, K Vissers, Y Engels
BACKGROUND: In our aging society, palliative care should be a standard component of health care. However, currently it is only provided to a small proportion of patients, mostly to those with cancer, and restricted to the terminal phase. Many general practitioners (GPs) say that one of their most significant challenges is to assess the right moment to start anticipatory palliative care. The "Surprise Question" (SQ1: "Would I be surprised if this patient were to die in the next 12 months"?), if answered with "no", is an easy tool to apply in identifying patients in need of palliative care...
April 19, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669562/comfort-in-palliative-sedation-compas-a-transdisciplinary-mixed-method-study-protocol-for-linking-objective-assessments-to-subjective-experiences
#15
Stefaan Six, Steven Laureys, Jan Poelaert, Johan Bilsen, Peter Theuns, Reginald Deschepper
BACKGROUND: In case of untreatable suffering at the end of life, palliative sedation may be chosen to assure comfort by reducing the patient's level of consciousness. An important question here is whether such sedated patients are completely free of pain. Because these patients cannot communicate anymore, caregivers have to rely on observation to assess the patient's comfort. Recently however, more sophisticated techniques from the neurosciences have shown that sometimes consciousness and pain are undetectable with these traditional behavioral methods...
April 18, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669559/exploring-the-meaning-and-practice-of-self-care-among-palliative-care-nurses-and-doctors-a-qualitative-study
#16
Jason Mills, Timothy Wand, Jennifer A Fraser
BACKGROUND: Self-care practice within the palliative care workforce is often discussed, yet seemingly under-researched. While palliative care professionals are required to implement and maintain effective self-care strategies, there appears little evidence to guide them. Moreover, there is an apparent need to clarify the meaning of self-care in palliative care practice. This paper reports qualitative findings within the context of a broader mixed-methods study. The aim of the present study was to explore the meaning and practice of self-care as described by palliative care nurses and doctors...
April 18, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665807/palliative-care-for-patients-with-cancer-do-patients-receive-the-care-they-consider-important-a-survey-study
#17
Marianne Heins, Jolien Hofstede, Mieke Rijken, Joke Korevaar, Gé Donker, Anneke Francke
BACKGROUND: In many countries, GPs and home care nurses are involved in care for patients with advanced cancer. Given the varied and complex needs of these patients, providing satisfactory care is a major challenge for them. We therefore aimed to study which aspects of care patients, GPs and home care nurses consider important and whether patients receive these aspects. METHODS: Seventy-two Dutch patients with advanced cancer, 87 GPs and 26 home care nurses rated the importance of support when experiencing symptoms, respect for patients' autonomy and information provision...
April 17, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656713/symptom-management-nutrition-and-hydration-at-end-of-life-a-qualitative-exploration-of-patients-carers-and-health-professionals-experiences-and-further-research-questions
#18
Jessica Baillie, Despina Anagnostou, Stephanie Sivell, Jordan Van Godwin, Anthony Byrne, Annmarie Nelson
BACKGROUND: Symptom management is an essential aspect of palliative and end-of-life care, but evidence suggests that patients' symptoms may not always be relieved, causing significant harm to patients and magnifying their relatives' distress. A growing body of evidence focuses on symptom management at the end-of-life, but research funding for palliative care remains disproportionately low. It is therefore crucial that research funding is targeted at areas of importance to patients and relatives...
April 16, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625598/community-readiness-and-momentum-identifying-and-including-community-driven-variables-in-a-mixed-method-rural-palliative-care-service-siting-model
#19
V A Crooks, M Giesbrecht, H Castleden, N Schuurman, M Skinner, A Williams
BACKGROUND: Health service administrators make decisions regarding how to best use limited resources to have the most significant impact. Service siting models are tools that can help in this capacity. Here we build on our own mixed-method service siting model focused on identifying rural Canadian communities most in need of and ready for palliative care service enhancement through incorporating new community-driven insights. METHODS: We conducted 40 semi-structured interviews with formal and informal palliative care providers from four purposefully selected rural communities across Canada...
April 6, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622009/health-service-utilisation-during-the-last-year-of-life-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-of-the-pathways-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-3-5
#20
Shirley Chambers, Helen Healy, Wendy E Hoy, Adrian Kark, Sharad Ratanjee, Geoffrey Mitchell, Carol Douglas, Patsy Yates, Ann Bonner
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing global problem affecting around 10% of many countries' populations. Providing appropriate palliative care services (PCS) to those with advanced kidney disease is becoming paramount. Palliative/supportive care alongside usual CKD clinical treatment is gaining acceptance in nephrology services although the collaboration with and use of PCS is not consistent. METHODS: The goal of this study was to track and quantify the health service utilisation of people with CKD stages 3-5 over the last 12 months of life...
April 5, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
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