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BMC Oral Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403843/knowledge-about-preventive-dentistry-versus-self-reported-competence-in-providing-preventive-oral-healthcare-a-study-among-nepalese-dentists
#1
Madhu Wagle, Ganesh Acharya, Purusotam Basnet, Tordis A Trovik
BACKGROUND: Dentists' and dental healthcare providers' professional knowledge and attitude towards the prevention of oral diseases may have an impact on the oral health of the general population. The aim of this study was to describe Nepalese dentists' competency in giving preventive education and treatment to their patients, and to assess their level of knowledge about preventive dental health. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 195 dentists (71 males and 124 females)...
April 12, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399850/psychometric-characteristics-of-the-general-oral-health-assessment-index-gohai-%C3%A2-in-a-french-representative-sample-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#2
Frederic Denis, Mohamad Hamad, Benoit Trojak, Stéphanie Tubert-Jeannin, Corinne Rat, Jean-François Pelletier, Nathalie Rude
BACKGROUND: The "General Oral Health Assessment Index" (GOHAI) was widely used in clinical or epidemiological studies worldwide, as it was available for use in different languages. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric characteristics of the GOHAI in a representative sample of patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 90 schizophrenic patients (in-patients and out-patients) were recruited from the participants of the "buccodor study" (NCT02167724) between March and September 2015...
April 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399833/a-comparison-of-dalys-for-periodontal-disease-in-china-between-1990-and-2013-insights-from-the-2013-global-burden-of-disease-study
#3
Qi Zhang, Zhixin Li, Chunxiao Wang, Yunning Liu, Yang Yang, Scottie Bussell, Maigeng Zhou, Linhong Wang
BACKGROUND: China has undergone a rapid demographic and epidemiological transition with fast ecomonic development since the 1980s. Oral health is becoming a major public health problem as the prevalence of non-communicable diseases has greatly increased. Periodontal disease (PD) and caries are among the most prevalent oral diseases. PD accounts for the majority of tooth loss and increases with age. China's third national epidemiological investigation on oral diseases (2005) revealed that periodontitis affected >50% of the adult population...
April 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376773/effect-of-patient-anxiety-on-image-motion-artefacts-in-cbct
#4
Elif Yıldızer Keriş
BACKGROUND: Artefacts in images related to patient movement decrease image quality, potentially necessitating re-scanning, which leads to an extra radiation dose for the patient. Thus, avoiding patient motion reduces patient exposure to radiation. The aim of this study was to analyse image motion artefacts (MAs) and how they are affected by patient anxiety during cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) examination. METHODS: A total of 100 patients undergoing CBCT examination were investigated...
April 4, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359311/effect-of-vulcanization-temperature-and-dental-stone-colour-on-colour-degradation-of-maxillofacial-silicone-elastomers
#5
Ebru Demet Cifter, Meltem Ozdemir-Karatas, Emrah Baca, Adem Cinarli, Ali Balik, Erkan Sancakli, Bilge Gokcen-Rohlig
BACKGROUND: Colour degradation is a major problem in maxillofacial silicone elastomers. Recent studies have focused on colour stability and the mechanical properties of the silicone elastomers. A colour match is also essential for the acceptance of the prosthesis by the patient. The aim of this study is to assess the colour degradation of the silicone elastomer after being moulded in different colours of dental stones at two different vulcanization temperatures. METHODS: Five different colours of dental stones were used to fabricate a total of 120 silicone blocks using a Cosmesil M511 maxillofacial silicone elastomer...
March 31, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351394/higher-education-in-gerodontology-in-european-universities
#6
Anastassia Kossioni, Gerry McKenna, Frauke Müller, Martin Schimmel, Jacques Vanobbergen
BACKGROUND: The rapid aging of the European population and the subsequent increase in the oral care needs in older adults necessitates adequate training of dental professionals in Gerodontology (Geriatric Dentistry). This study was designed to investigate the current status of Gerodontology teaching amongst European dental schools at the undergraduate, postgraduate and continuing education levels. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was developed by a panel of experts and emailed to the Deans or other contact persons of 216 dental schools across 39 European countries...
March 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347303/satisfaction-with-dental-care-among-patients-who-receive-invasive-or-non-invasive-treatment-for-non-cavitated-early-dental-caries-findings-from-one-region-of-the-national-dental-pbrn
#7
Sonya T Mitchell, Ellen Funkhouser, Valeria V Gordan, Joseph L Riley, Sonia K Makhija, Mark S Litaker, Gregg H Gilbert
BACKGROUND: The objectives were to: (1) quantify patient satisfaction with treatment for early dental caries overall, and according to whether or not (2a) the patient received invasive treatment; (2b) was high-risk for dental caries, and had dental insurance; and (3) encourage practitioners to begin using non-invasive approaches to early caries management. METHODS: Ten practitioners recorded patient, lesion, and treatment information about non-cavitated early caries lesions...
March 27, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335762/oral-cancer-awareness-among-dental-patients-in-omdurman-sudan-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Tasneem Mohammed Babiker, Khansa Awad Alkareem Osman, Safa Abdelrawf Mohamed, Matab Abdalrhaman Mohamed, Hatim Mohammed Almahdi
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is a preventable disease. Its occurrence is mostly due to lifestyle. In Sudan, the use of smokeless tobacco (Toombak) has long been linked to oral cancer. Knowledge of the signs and symptoms of oral cancer may well aid in early diagnosis and treatment. This is bound to result in increasing survival rates, as well as reducing the oral cancer burden on the society. This study aimed to assess oral cancer awareness regarding knowledge of signs, symptoms, risk factors and sources of the information...
March 23, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330489/profiling-intraoral-neuropathic-disturbances-following-lingual-nerve-injury-and-in-burning-mouth-syndrome
#9
Amely Hartmann, Robin Seeberger, Malte Bittner, Roman Rolke, Claudia Welte-Jzyk, Monika Daubländer
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to analyse intraoral neurophysiological changes in patients with unilateral lingual nerve lesions as well as patients with Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) by applying a standardized Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) protocol. METHODS: The study included patients suffering from a peripheral lesion of the lingual nerve (n = 4), from BMS (n = 5) and healthy controls (n = 8). Neurophysiological tests were performed in the innervation areas of the tongue bilaterally...
March 23, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327165/effect-of-cigarette-smoking-on-subgingival-bacteria-in-healthy-subjects-and-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#10
Jumana A Karasneh, Rola A Al Habashneh, Nour Aldain S Marzouka, Martin H Thornhill
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is known to increase the risk of periodontal destruction and developing chronic periodontitis (CP). It is also reported to affect the subgingival bacterial profile among CP patients. However, studies on the effect of smoking on the bacterial profile among healthy subjects are still limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of smoking on the subgingival bacterial profile in both healthy adults and CP patients. METHODS: Subgingival plaque samples were collected from CP patients (30 nonsmokers and 9 smokers) and healthy subjects (37 non-smokers and 18 smokers)...
March 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327149/release-kinetics-and-mitogenic-capacity-of-collagen-barrier-membranes-supplemented-with-secretome-of-activated-platelets-the-in-vitro-response-of-fibroblasts-of-the-periodontal-ligament-and-the-gingiva
#11
Eva-Maria Mozgan, Michael Edelmayer, Klara Janjić, Manuela Pensch, Michael B Fischer, Andreas Moritz, Hermann Agis
BACKGROUND: Platelet preparations can stimulate the healing process and have mitogenic properties. We hypothesized that collagen barrier membranes (CBM), clinically used in guided bone regeneration and guided tissue regeneration, can serve as carriers for platelet secretome. METHODS: Secretome was generated from washed platelets and unwashed platelets (washed/unwashed PSEC) and lyophilized onto CBM. Overall appearance of CBM was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy...
March 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327128/the-investigation-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-the-dental-biofilm-and-saliva-samples-of-children-with-dyspeptic-complaints
#12
Damla Aksit Bıcak, Serap Akyuz, Binnur Kıratlı, Merve Usta, Nafiye Urganci, Burcin Alev, Aysen Yarat, Fikrettin Sahin
BACKGROUND: The oral cavity can be an extra-gastric reservoir for Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori). This can play a role in the pathogenesis of halitosis, glossitis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, and dental caries. The present study was conducted to detect the presence of H.pylori within the dental biofilm and in saliva samples collected from children suffering from dyspepsia and children without any gastrointestinal complaints. Associations with gastric infection, halitosis, and some oral parameters were also evaluated...
March 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327110/an-assessment-of-the-impacts-of-child-oral-health-in-indonesia-and-associations-with-self-esteem-school-performance-and-perceived-employability
#13
Diah Ayu Maharani, Melissa Adiatman, Anton Rahardjo, Girvan Burnside, Cynthia Pine
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys have indicated that a majority of Indonesian children have poor oral health. However, little detailed information is available on underlying causation and none that examine impacts of oral health on child self-esteem, school performance and perceived employability. The aim of this study was to determine levels of child oral health in primary school children in Indonesia, the prevalence of key causal factors; and, to determine relationships between oral health, self-esteem and school academic performance...
March 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314382/erratum-to-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-of-fluoride-varnish-in-preventing-dental-caries-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-patients
#14
Weini Xin, Katherine Chiu Man Leung, Edward Chin Man Lo, Mo Yin Mok, Moon Ho Leung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284207/dental-anomalies-prevalence-and-associations-between-them-in-a-large-sample-of-non-orthodontic-subjects-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
G Laganà, N Venza, A Borzabadi-Farahani, F Fabi, C Danesi, P Cozza
BACKGROUND: To analyze the prevalence and associations between dental anomalies detectable on panoramic radiographs in a sample of non-orthodontic growing subjects. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, digital panoramic radiographs of 5005 subjects were initially screened from a single radiographic center in Rome. Inclusion criteria were: subjects who were aged 8-12 years, Caucasian, and had good diagnostic quality radiographs. Syndromic subjects, those with craniofacial malformation, or orthodontic patients were excluded and this led to a sample of 4706 subjects [mean (SD) age = 9...
March 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253872/midwestern-latino-caregivers-knowledge-attitudes-and-sense-making-of-the-oral-health-etiology-prevention-and-barriers-that-inhibit-their-children-s-oral-health-a-cbpr-approach
#16
Kimberly K Walker, E Angeles Martínez-Mier, Armando E Soto-Rojas, Richard D Jackson, Sarah M Stelzner, Lorena C Galvez, Gabriela J Smith, Miriam Acevedo, Laura Dandelet, Dulce Vega
BACKGROUND: Using community-based participatory research, the Health Protection Model was used to understand the cultural experiences, attitudes, knowledge and behaviors surrounding caries etiology, its prevention and barriers to accessing oral health care for children of Latino parents residing in Central Indiana. METHODS: A community reference group (CBPR) was established and bi-lingual community research associates were used to conduct focus groups comprised of Latino caregivers...
March 2, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245876/validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-early-childhood-oral-health-impact-scale-ecohis
#17
Nada J Farsi, Azza A El-Housseiny, Deema J Farsi, Najat M Farsi
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the adverse effects of oral health problems on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is essential to ensure the well-being of children. The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) is an instrument that was designed to assess caregivers' perceptions of OHRQoL in preschool children. Although it has been translated into many languages, it has yet to be validated in Arabic. Therefore, this study aimed to translate this questionnaire to Arabic (A-ECOHIS) and test its psychometric properties...
February 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241819/response-of-human-dental-pulp-cells-to-a-silver-containing-plga-tcp-nanofabric-as-a-potential-antibacterial-regenerative-pulp-capping-material
#18
Barbara Cvikl, Samuel C Hess, Richard J Miron, Hermann Agis, Dieter Bosshardt, Thomas Attin, Patrick R Schmidlin, Adrian Lussi
BACKGROUND: Damage or exposure of the dental pulp requires immediate therapeutic intervention. METHODS: This study assessed the biocompatibility of a silver-containing PLGA/TCP-nanofabric scaffold (PLGA/Ag-TCP) in two in vitro models, i.e. the material adapted on pre-cultured cells and cells directly cultured on the material, respectively. Collagen saffolds with and without hyaluronan acid (Coll-HA; Coll) using both cell culturing methods and cells growing on culture plates served as reference...
February 27, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241812/effects-of-various-debonding-and-adhesive-clearance-methods-on-enamel-surface-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Xiao-Chuan Fan, Li Chen, Xiao-Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate orthodontic debonding methods by comparing the surface roughness and enamel morphology of teeth after applying two different debonding methods and three different polishing techniques. METHODS: Forty eight human maxillary premolars, extracted for orthodontic reasons, were randomly divided into three groups. Brackets were bonded to teeth with RMGIC (Fuji Ortho LC, GC, Tokyo, Japan) (two groups, n = 18 each) after acid etching (30s), light cured for 40 s, exposed to thermocycling, then underwent 2 different bracket debonding methods: debonding pliers (Shinye, Hangzhou, China) or enamel chisel (Jinzhong, Shanghai, China); the third group (n = 12) comprised of untreated controls, with normal enamel surface roughness...
February 27, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241807/clinical-registry-of-dental-outcomes-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-orarad-rationale-methods-and-recruitment-considerations
#20
Rajesh V Lalla, Leslie Long-Simpson, James S Hodges, Nathaniel Treister, Thomas Sollecito, Brian Schmidt, Lauren L Patton, Michael T Brennan
BACKGROUND: Most head and neck (H&N) cancer patients receive high-dose external beam radiation therapy (RT), often in combination with surgery and/or chemotherapy. Unfortunately, high-dose RT has significant adverse effects on the oral and maxillofacial tissues, some of which persist for the life of the patient. However, dental management of these patients is based largely on individual and expert opinion, as few studies have followed patients prospectively to determine factors that predict adverse oral sequelae...
February 27, 2017: BMC Oral Health
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