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BMC Oral Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927396/socioeconomic-disparities-in-orthodontic-treatment-outcomes-and-expenditure-on-orthodontics-in-england-s-state-funded-national-health-service-a-retrospective-observational-study
#1
Juliet Price, William Whittaker, Stephen Birch, Paul Brocklehurst, Martin Tickle
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess whether there are potential areas for efficiency improvements in the National Health Service (NHS) orthodontic service in North West England and to assess the socioeconomic status (SES)-related equity of the outcomes achieved by the NHS. METHODS: The study involved a retrospective analysis of 2008-2012 administrative data, and the study population comprised patients aged ≥10 who started NHS primary care orthodontic treatment in North West England in 2008...
September 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927393/the-complete-digital-workflow-in-fixed-prosthodontics-a-systematic-review
#2
Tim Joda, Fernando Zarone, Marco Ferrari
BACKGROUND: The continuous development in dental processing ensures new opportunities in the field of fixed prosthodontics in a complete virtual environment without any physical model situations. The aim was to compare fully digitalized workflows to conventional and/or mixed analog-digital workflows for the treatment with tooth-borne or implant-supported fixed reconstructions. METHODS: A PICO strategy was executed using an electronic (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar) plus manual search up to 2016-09-16 focusing on RCTs investigating complete digital workflows in fixed prosthodontics with regard to economics or esthetics or patient-centered outcomes with or without follow-up or survival/success rate analysis as well as complication assessment of at least 1 year under function...
September 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882136/lessons-learned-on-recruitment-and-retention-in-hard-to-reach-families-in-a-phase-iii-randomised-controlled-trial-of-preparatory-information-for-children-undergoing-general-anaesthesia
#3
C Huntington, J Timothy Newton, N Donaldson, C Liossi, P A Reynolds, R Alharatani, M T Hosey
BACKGROUND: Recruitment and retention are documented as two of the most difficult elements of conducting clinical trials. These issues are even more challenging in paediatric trials, particularly when the families being recruited and retained are deemed 'hard to reach'. METHODS: Through the authors' own reflection on the conduct of the trial this paper examines recruitment and retention with hard to reach families from the perspective of a recently completed clinical trial on preparatory information for children undergoing general anaesthesia for tooth extractions in which approximately 83% of those approached and eligible agreed to participate...
September 7, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859642/dental-caries-status-and-its-associated-factors-among-5-year-old-hong-kong-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Kitty Jieyi Chen, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Duangporn Duangthip, Samantha Kar Yan Li, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
BACKGROUND: This study investigated dental caries status and its associated factors among 5-year-old children in Hong Kong. METHOD: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2016. It comprised a questionnaire survey and a clinical examination. Kindergarten children aged 5 were recruited using a multistage sampling method. Parents of the participating children were asked about their children's demographic information, sugary snacking behaviours, and oral health-related behaviours and about their own oral health knowledge...
August 31, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836989/experience-of-maintaining-tooth-brushing-for-children-born-with-a-cleft-lip-and-or-palate
#5
Yin-Ling Lin, Karen Davies, Peter Callery
BACKGROUND: Children with a Cleft Lip and/or Palate (CL/P) have been reported to have poorer oral health than those without the condition. The consequences for these children can be particularly problematic due to implications for future treatments. Tooth brushing is an important behaviour contributing to children's oral health, but is under researched in the CL/P population. The aim of the study is to explore the experience of maintaining tooth brushing among children in the United Kingdom (UK) with a CL/P and their parents...
August 24, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830386/association-among-oral-symptoms-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-sample-of-adults-living-with-hiv-aids-in-malaysia
#6
Nurulasmak Mohamed, Norkhafizah Saddki, Azizah Yusoff, Anilawati Mat Jelani
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a multidimensional construct that refers to an individual's self-perceived well-being. This study used the revised Wilson and Cleary HRQOL model to investigate the associations among oral symptoms, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL), and HRQOL of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 121 PLWHA receiving medical care in Kota Bharu (Kelantan, Malaysia) participated in this cross-sectional study...
August 22, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821290/comparing-the-effect-of-0-06-0-12-and-0-2-chlorhexidine-on-plaque-bleeding-and-side-effects-in-an-experimental-gingivitis-model-a-parallel-group-double-masked-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Maliha Haydari, Ayse Gul Bardakci, Odd Carsten Koldsland, Anne Merete Aass, Leiv Sandvik, Hans R Preus
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine is the gold standard of dental plaque prevention. The aim of the present study was to compare the plaque and gingivitis inhibiting effect of commercial products containing 0.2%, 0.12% and 0.06% chlorhexidine in a modified experimental gingivitis model. METHODS: In three groups of healthy volunteers, experimental gingivitis was induced and monitored over 21 days and simultaneously treated with the commercial solutions containing 0.2%, 0...
August 18, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818059/influence-of-sense-of-coherence-on-adolescents-self-perceived-dental-aesthetics-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Aline Cavalcanti da Costa, Fabrícia Soares Rodrigues, Priscila Prosini da Fonte, Aronita Rosenblatt, Nicola Patricia Thérèse Innes, Mônica Vilela Heimer
BACKGROUND: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychosocial factor capable of influencing perception of health, improving one's ability to manage life. It is the central construct of salutogenesis. SOC allows for identification and mobilization of resources to effectively manage or solve problems, promoting health and quality of life. Using Wilson-Cleary's conceptual model we hypothesized that SOC might contribute to self-perception of dental aesthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SOC levels were related to self-perception of dental aesthetics against assessed normative orthodontic treatment need among adolescents...
August 17, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797247/is-histologic-esophagitis-associated-with-dental-erosion-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#9
Lynn Roosa Friesen, Brenda Bohaty, Robin Onikul, Mary P Walker, Caren Abraham, Karen B Williams, Jose T Cocjin, Eileen L Cocjin, Craig A Friesen
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) affects 15-25% of children and adolescents in the United States. The diagnosis of GERD in children is complex as reported symptoms or symptom profiles have been found to be unreliable. Frequently, the diagnosis must be confirmed by objective tests such as pH monitoring or histological evidence of esophagitis on an esophageal biopsy. Dental erosion has been shown to be associated with GERD as an atypical complication and has the potential to be a marker of GERD...
August 10, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709424/genotypic-diversity-and-phenotypic-traits-of-streptococcus-mutans-isolates-and-their-relation-to-severity-of-early-childhood-caries
#10
Remberto Marcelo Argandoña Valdez, Cristiane Duque, Karina Sampaio Caiaffa, Vanessa Rodrigues Dos Santos, Maria Luiza de Aguiar Loesch, Natalia Helena Colombo, Rodrigo Alex Arthur, Thais de Cássia Negrini, Marcelo Fabiano Gomes Boriollo, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is an aggressive condition that can affect teeth of young children. This study aimed to evaluate genotypic diversity and phenotypic traits of S. mutans isolated from dental biofilms of children with different caries status in comparison with caries free (CF) children. METHODS: Streptococcus mutans strains were isolated from supragingival biofilm samples of CF, ECC and severe-ECC (S-ECC) children and genotyped by arbitrary-primer polymerase chain reaction - AP-PCR...
July 14, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705206/digital-evaluation-of-nasal-changes-induced-by-rapid-maxillary-expansion-with-different-anchorage-and-appliance-design
#11
Rosamaria Fastuca, Paola Lorusso, Manuel O Lagravère, Ambra Michelotti, Marco Portelli, Piero Antonio Zecca, Vincenzo D' Antò, Angela Militi, Riccardo Nucera, Alberto Caprioglio
BACKGROUND: Scientific evidence showed that rapid maxillary expansion (RME) affects naso-maxillary complex, increasing nasal width and volume. This study aimed to evaluate nasal changes induced by rapid maxillary expansion with different anchorage and appliance design by using low dose and cone beam computed tomography. METHODS: A total of 44 patients (20 males, mean age 8y 8 m ± 1y 2 m; 24 females mean age 8y 2 m ± 1y 4 m) were included in the investigation and divided into three groups according to the appliance: Hyrax-type expander anchored to permanent teeth, modified Hyrax-type expander anchored to deciduous teeth, modified Haas-type expander anchored to deciduous teeth...
July 14, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705197/genetic-polymorphism-of-scra-gene-of-streptococcus-mutans-isolates-is-not-associated-with-biofilm-formation-in-severe-early-childhood-caries
#12
Yan Zhou, Lixia Yu, Ye Tao, Qinghui Zhi, Huancai Lin
BACKGROUND: To explore and analyse the association between biofilm and the genetic polymorphisms of scrA gene of EnzymeIIscr found in clinical isolates of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) from severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) in 3 years old children. METHODS: Clinical strains of S. mutans were conserved from a previous study. Thirty strains of S. mutans from the S-ECC group and 30 strains of S. mutans from the caries free (CF) group were selected. Biomass and viability of biofilm formed by the strains were evaluated by crystal violet and alamar blue assay...
July 14, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697775/the-relationship-between-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-and-deciduous-tooth-decay-in-chinese-children
#13
Yuan-Yuan Kong, Jian-Mao Zheng, Wen-Juan Zhang, Qian-Zhou Jiang, Xue-Chao Yang, Miao Yu, Su-Juan Zeng
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we explored the link between vitamin D receptor (VDR) BsmI, TaqI, ApaI and FokI gene polymorphisms with deciduous tooth decay in Chinese children. METHODS: Our study included 380 Chinese children aged 4-7 years, whose DNA sample was collected from the buccal mucosa. VDR gene polymorphisms was determined by PCR-RFLP. RESULTS: The adjusted logistic regression analysis demonstrated that BsmI containing the Bb genotype was linked with the increased risk of deciduous tooth decay (OR = 1...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697771/evaluation-of-the-safety-and-efficiency-of-novel-metallic-implant-scaler-tips-manufactured-by-the-powder-injection-molding-technique
#14
Kyung A Chun, Kee-Yeon Kum, Woo-Cheol Lee, Seung-Ho Baek, Hae-Won Choi, Won-Jun Shon
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have compared the properties of ultrasonic scaling instruments, it remains controversial as to which is most suitable for implant scaling. This study evaluated the safety and efficiency of novel metallic ultrasonic scaler tips made by the powder injection molding (PIM) technique on titanium surfaces. METHODS: Mechanical instrumentation was carried out using four types of metal scaler tips consisting of copper (CU), bronze (BR), 316 L stainless steel (316 L), and conventional stainless steel (SS) tips...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697751/influence-of-functional-dentition-on-satisfaction-with-oral-health-and-impacts-on-daily-performance-among-brazilian-adults-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
Loliza Luiz Figueiredo Houri Chalub, Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Andréa Maria Duarte Vargas
BACKGROUND: Dental esthetics, chewing and speech should be preserved in a dentition denominated functional and are closely related to satisfaction with oral health (SOH), impacts caused by oral problems and have a possible association with Oral Health-Related Quality of Life. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of different concepts of functional dentition (FD) on both SOH and impacts on daily performance (IDP) among Brazilian adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 9564 adults (35-44 years)...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693545/competence-profiles-in-undergraduate-dental-education-a-comparison-between-theory-and-reality
#16
Sebastiaan Koole, Shani Van Den Brulle, Véronique Christiaens, Wolfgang Jacquet, Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn
BACKGROUND: Competence profiles are purposed to provide a blueprint in support to develop and/or benchmark the learning outcomes of undergraduate dental curricula. This study aims to investigate whether a competence profile as proposed by academic- and clinical experts is able to represent the real clinical reality. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed including questions about gender and age, perception about required competences, and educational organisation and was distributed among Flemish dentists via email and on paper during a symposium...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693487/apical-periodontitis-associates-with-cardiovascular-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study-from-sweden
#17
Eunice Virtanen, Tapio Nurmi, Per-Östen Söder, Stella Airila-Månsson, Birgitta Söder, Jukka H Meurman
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease associates with systemic diseases but corresponding links regarding apical periodontitis (AP) are not so clear. Hence our aim was to study association between AP and the prevalence of systemic diseases in a study population from Sweden. METHODS: The subjects were 150 patients from a randomly selected epidemiological sample of 1676 individuals. 120 accepted to participate and their basic and clinical examination data were available for these secondary analyses where dental radiographs were used to record signs for endodontic treatments and AP...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693477/clinical-consequences-of-untreated-dental-caries-assessed-using-pufa-index-and-its-covariates-in-children-residing-in-orphanages-of-pakistan
#18
Ramsha Kamran, Warda Farooq, Mehreen Riaz Faisal, Faisal Jahangir
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical effects of untreated dental caries in Pakistani children residing in orphanages using the DMFT and PUFA index; association of decay and untreated dental caries with demographics including type of orphanage; behavioural and dental visiting pattern; and association of dental pain experience and type of orphanage with dental visiting. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a total of 753 orphan children belonging to 4-17 years of age group residing in twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693469/smoking-and-attitudes-towards-its-cessation-among-native-and-international-dental-students-in-lithuania
#19
Apolinaras Zaborskis, Aiste Volkyte, Julija Narbutaite, Jorma I Virtanen
BACKGROUND: Dental professionals are uniquely positioned to discourage smoking among their patients. However, little is known about the role of cultural background and attitudes towards smoking in the education of these professionals. Our study aimed to compare native Lithuanian and international dental students' smoking habits, knowledge about the harmfulness of smoking and attitudes towards smoking cessation. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of smoking and its cessation among dental students at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences (Kaunas, Lithuania) in 2012...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676047/a-longitudinal-study-of-early-childhood-caries-incidence-in-wenzhou-preschool-children
#20
Xiping Wang, Zhiyuan Wei, Qiao Li, Liqin Mei
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a serious public health problem in China. Few studies, however, have described the incidence of ECC in China. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and incidence of ECC among preschool children in Wenzhou China. METHODS: Preschool children aged 3-4 years old were surveyed and followed up when they reached 5-6 years of age in the city of Wenzhou in southeast China. The rates of dental caries were determined with prevalence, and incidence density for risk of caries of a person (IDp) and of a tooth surface (IDs)...
July 4, 2017: BMC Oral Health
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