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BMC Oral Health

Muzaffer Emir Dinçol, Hakan Ozbas, Bulent Yılmaz, Handan Ersev, Selcuk Gokyay, Vakur Olgac
BACKGROUND: Due to the detrimental effect of blood contamination on the physico-chemical properties of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), obtaining an effective hemostasis in the surgical crypt during apical surgery is of paramount importance. The purpose of this in vivo study was to analyze the effect of Ankaferd Blood Stopper® (ABS) contamination on the biocompatibility of MTA. METHODS: Forty of 56 Wistar-Albino rats were divided randomly and equally into two groups (MTA and MTA-ABS) according to whether or not a hemostatic agent was used...
October 11, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Easter Joury, May Khairallah, Wael Sabbah, Kanaan Elias, Raman Bedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: BMC Oral Health
J P Woelber, K Bremer, K Vach, D König, E Hellwig, P Ratka-Krüger, A Al-Ahmad, C Tennert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Deise Berger Velten, Eliana Zandonade, Maria Helena Monteiro de Barros Miotto
BACKGROUND: Oral complications may be observed during chemotherapy and are important side effects that may directly affect the anticancer treatment, even causing septicaemia in some cases. This research was done in order to evaluate changes in oral lesions during follow-up of children and adolescents in chemotherapy at Hospital Estadual Infantil Nossa Senhora da Glória (HEINSG). METHODS: The study design was longitudinal, 45 patients were evaluated and monitored for 1 month after the initiation of chemotherapy...
October 3, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Takaya Nakata, Makoto Umeda, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Hirofumi Sawai
BACKGROUND: The involvement of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1), which converts inactive glucocorticoids into active glucocorticoids intracellularly, in metabolic diseases and chronic inflammatory diseases has been elucidated. We recently reported that an increase in 11β-HSD1 expression was associated with chronic periodontitis in humans irrespective of obesity. To further clarify the role of 11β-HSD1 in chronic periodontitis, the expression of 11β-HSD1 was investigated in experimental periodontitis model in rats...
October 3, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Fatih Cakici, Elif Bahar Cakici, Kadir Tolga Ceyhanli, Ersan Celik, Funda Fundaoglu Kucukekenci, Arif Onur Gunseren
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the bond strength of AH plus, Acroseal, and Adseal to the root canal dentin. METHODS: A total of 36 single-rooted, mandibular premolar teeth were used. Root canal shaping procedures were performed with ProTaper rotary instruments (Dentsply Maillefer) up to size F4. The prepared samples were then randomly assembled into 3 groups (n = 12). For each group, an ultrasonic tip (size 15, 0.02 taper) which was also coated with an epoxy resin based sealer and placed 2 mm shorter than the working length...
September 30, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Pushpa Thapa, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Suresh Mehata, Abhinav Vaidya, Bijay Kumar Jha, Meghnath Dhimal, Shaili Pradhan, Purushottam Dhakal, Arpana Pandit, Achyut Raj Pandey, Bihungum Bista, Ava Upadhyay Pokhrel, Khem Bahadur Karki
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases remain a significant public health problem in Nepal, as do oral health behaviours. Socio-demographic factors play a crucial role in driving oral hygiene practices. This study aims to identify oral hygiene practices and associated socio-demographic factors in Nepalese population. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study recruited 4200 adults (15-69 years) through multistage cluster sampling. Data obtained from the WHO NCD STEPS instrument version 2...
September 29, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Josef J M Bruers, Brigitte A F M van Dam, Ronald C Gorter, Michiel A J Eijkman
BACKGROUND: A complaint from a patient can have a serious impact on the well-being of dentists. Little is known, however, about the nature and the extent of this impact. METHODS: Therefore in 2013 an anonymous survey was conducted among 955 dentists and dental specialists who were involved in a complaints procedure dealt with by the Complaints Committee of the Royal Dutch Dental Association (KNMT) in the period of mid-2008 to mid-2013. RESULTS: In total 413 (43 %) of these dentists participated in the study...
September 29, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Easter Joury, May Khairallah, Wael Sabbah, Kanaan Elias, Raman Bedi
BACKGROUND: High frequency of free sugars intake, during the first year of life is probably the greatest risk factor for early childhood caries. The latter is a global public health challenge. Very little is known about the social determinants of infant's frequency of free sugars intake, particularly in low-income countries. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the association between the frequency of free sugars intake among 1-year-old Syrian infants and each of parents' socioeconomic position (SEP), maternal frequency of free sugars intake and knowledge of infant's oral health behaviour...
September 8, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Jin-Woo Kim, Su-Ra Jeong, Sun-Jong Kim, YeonSoo Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate medical doctors' awareness of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and the status of dental referrals. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to medical doctors practicing internal medicine, family medicine, and orthopedics at the 6 tertiary medical centers located in Seoul, Korea. The survey consisted of 22 questions regarding the general characteristics, bisphosphonate therapy, awareness of BRONJ, and implementation of dental referrals...
September 7, 2016: BMC Oral Health
J P Woelber, K Bremer, K Vach, D König, E Hellwig, P Ratka-Krüger, A Al-Ahmad, C Tennert
BACKGROUND: The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of four weeks of an oral health optimized diet on periodontal clinical parameters in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: The experimental group (n = 10) had to change to a diet low in carbohydrates, rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, and rich in vitamins C and D, antioxidants and fiber for four weeks. Participants of the control group (n = 5) did not change their dietary behavior. Plaque index, gingival bleeding, probing depths, and bleeding upon probing were assessed by a dentist with a pressure-sensitive periodontal probe...
July 26, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Nuray Tuloglu, Sule Bayrak, Emine Sen Tunc, Fusun Ozer
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a fluoride varnish with added Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP) treatments on acid resistance of primary teeth enamel. METHODS: Enamel specimens obtained from 40 primary incisors (for surface microhardness testing) and 40 primary molars (for demineralization depth measurement) were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10 incisors and 10 molars) each according to surface treatment: no treatment (control), MI varnish (1-8 % sodium fluoride and 1-5 % CPP-ACP), Clinpro White (1-5 % sodium fluoride and <5 % modified tricalcium phosphate), Duraphat (<5 % sodium fluoride)...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Weini Xin, Katherine Chiu Man Leung, Edward Chin Man Lo, Mo Yin Mok, Moon Ho Leung
BACKGROUND: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) patients are prone to caries development due to reduction of salivary flow. Topical fluoride is commonly prescribed for caries prevention. METHODS: In this 24-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, SS patients were randomly assigned to receive either fluoride varnish or placebo gel quarterly. Development and arrest of caries at the coronal and root surfaces were recorded at 12-month and 24-month and compared to that of the baseline...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Ajay Joshi, Romer Ocanto, Robin J Jacobs, Vinodh Bhoopathi
BACKGROUND: To determine the factors associated with child care center directors' (CCCDs) intention to implement oral health promotion practices (OHPPs) in licensed childcare centers (CCCs) within the next year, and their self-perceived barriers in successfully implementing those practices. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, a pretested 45-item online survey was sent to 5142 CCCDs assessing pediatric oral health knowledge, attitudes towards oral health, intention to implement OHPPs, and self-perceived barriers to implementing OHPPs...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Elif Yıldızer Keriş, Didem Atabek, Kahraman Güngör
BACKGROUND: The current study evaluated the effects of fixed and removable space-maintainers on halitosis and oral health of children. METHODS: Forty-three patients randomly selected between the ages 4-10 whom fixed or removable space maintainers were indicated in Gazi University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pedodontics. The inclusing criteria were: caries-free (with/without restorations), with absence of periodontal diseases, without systematic disease, no mouth breathing and no use of antibiotics the 2-months period before the study...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Yi-Jie Guo, Bo Zhang, Xue-Song Feng, Hui-Xun Ren, Ji-Ru Xu
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus mutans forms biofilms as a resistance mechanism against antimicrobial agents in the human oral cavity. We recently showed that human cathelicidin LL-37 exhibits inhibitory effects on biofilm formation of S. mutans through interaction with lipoteichoic acid (LTA), but without antibacterial or biofilm dispersal abilities. (-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is the most abundant constituent of tea catechins that has the greatest anti-infective potential to inhibit the growth of various microorganisms and biofilm formation...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Cancan Fan, Wenhui Wang, Tao Xu, Shuguo Zheng
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) among children in Beijing, China, has been increasing continuously though slowly. However, there is limited information about ECC in Beijing. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of dental caries among preschool children in Beijing. METHODS: For this case-control study, using a convenience sampling method, 787 children aged 3 and 4 years old were recruited; 386 children with caries constituted the early childhood caries (ECC) group and 401children without caries formed the caries-free (CF) group...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Honghu Liu, Ron D Hays, Marvin Marcus, Ian Coulter, Carl Maida, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Jie Shen, Yan Wang, Vladimir Spolsky, Steve Lee, Li Cai, James Crall
BACKGROUND: Oral health is an important component of daily functioning and well-being. A comprehensive patient-reported oral health measure is needed to gauge the impact of oral health status on children and adolescents. This study aims to develop oral health item banks and associated short-form surveys for children and adolescents 2-17 year olds. METHODS: Using children and adolescents, ages 2-17 years, selected from diverse dental sites in Greater Los Angeles Area, we propose to develop state-of-the-science methods to create oral health item banks to effectively measure oral health outcomes for children and adolescents...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Jenny M Porritt, Farzana Sufi, Sarah R Baker
BACKGROUND: The current investigation examined the determinants of oral health experiences associated with dentine hypersensitivity using prospective diary methodology. METHODS: Staff and students from a large UK university who had self-diagnosed dentine hypersensitivity completed an online daily diary and text survey for 2 weeks recording their mood, oral health-related coping behaviours, coping and pain appraisals, pain experiences and functional limitations. Cross sectional and lagged path analyses were employed to examine relationships...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Dorjan Hysi, Kenneth A Eaton, George Tsakos, Paula Vassallo, Corneliu Amariei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMC Oral Health
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