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BMC Oral Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931257/oral-microflora-in-preschool-children-attending-a-fluoride-varnish-program-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Maria Anderson, Margaret Grindefjord, Göran Dahllöf, Gunnar Dahlén, Svante Twetman
BACKGROUND: To compare the oral microflora in preschool children attending a fluoride varnish program with a reference group receiving a standard oral health program without fluoride varnish applications. A second aim was to relate the microbial composition to the caries prevalence. METHODS: Five hundred seven 3-year-old children were enrolled from a cohort of 3403 preschool children taking part in a community based oral health project. Two hundred sixty-three of them had attended caries-preventive program with semi-annual applications of a fluoride varnish since the age of 1 year (test group) while 237 had received standard preventive care (reference group)...
December 8, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931256/comparison-of-marginal-fit-of-cemented-zirconia-copings-manufactured-after-digital-impression-with-lava%C3%A2-c-o-s-and-conventional-impression-technique
#2
Rinet Dauti, Barbara Cvikl, Alexander Franz, Uwe Yacine Schwarze, Bledar Lilaj, Tina Rybaczek, Andreas Moritz
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the marginal fit of cemented zirconia copings manufactured after digital impression with Lava™ Chairside Oral Scanner in comparison to that of zirconia copings manufactured after conventional impressions with polyvinyl siloxane. METHODS: A prepared typodont tooth #36, was replicated 40 times with a vinyl silicone and precise model resin. The dies were randomly divided into two groups according to the impression taking technique. Digital impressions with Lava™ C...
December 8, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923355/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-early-childhood-caries-among-preschool-children-in-trinidad
#3
Rahul Naidu, June Nunn, Erica Donnelly-Swift
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a public health problem in developed and developing countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and ECC among preschool children in a Caribbean population. METHOD: Parents/primary caregivers of children attending nine, randomly selected preschools in central Trinidad were invited to complete an oral health questionnaire and have their child undertake an oral examination...
December 7, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903265/associations-among-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-subjective-symptoms-clinical-status-and-self-rated-oral-health-in-japanese-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Mayu Yamane-Takeuchi, Daisuke Ekuni, Shinsuke Mizutani, Kota Kataoka, Ayano Taniguchi-Tabata, Tetsuji Azuma, Michiko Furuta, Takaaki Tomofuji, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Manabu Morita
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to elucidate the associations among self-rated oral health, clinical oral health status, oral health behaviors, subjective oral symptoms, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a group of Japanese university students. METHODS: Of 2051 participants, 2027 (98.83%) students received an optional oral examination and answered a questionnaire including items regarding age, sex, self-rated oral health, oral health behaviors, subjective oral symptoms, and OHRQoL [The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP)-14]...
November 30, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903250/effectiveness-of-bovine-derived-xenograft-versus-bioactive-glass-with-periodontally-accelerated-osteogenic-orthodontics-in-adults-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Maha A Bahammam
BACKGROUND: Periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (PAOO) combines periodontal therapy with orthodontic therapy, which minimises treatment time. This study compared the effectiveness of a bovine-derived xenograft with that of bioactive glass when combined with PAOO for the treatment of adult patients with moderate crowding of the teeth. METHODS: In this prospective, single-masked clinical trial, 33 orthodontic patients (20 women, 13 men; mean age 21.2 ± 1...
November 30, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871255/root-resorption-during-orthodontic-treatment-with-self-ligating-or-conventional-brackets-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Jianru Yi, Meile Li, Yu Li, Xiaobing Li, Zhihe Zhao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the external apical root resorption (EARR) in patients receiving fixed orthodontic treatment with self-ligating or conventional brackets. METHODS: Studies comparing the EARR between orthodontic patients using self-ligating or conventional brackets were identified through electronic search in databases including CENTRAL, PubMed, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and SIGLE, and manual search in relevant journals and reference lists of the included studies until Apr 2016...
November 21, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855674/disk-displacement-eccentric-condylar-position-osteoarthrosis-misnomers-for-variations-of-normality-results-and-interpretations-from-an-mri-study-in-two-age-cohorts
#7
Jens C Türp, Anna Schlenker, Johannes Schröder, Marco Essig, Marc Schmitter
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision-making and prognostic statements in individuals with manifest or suspected temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) may involve assessment of (a) the position of articular disc relative to the mandibular condyle, (b) the location of the condyle relative to the temporal joint surfaces, and (c) the depth of the glenoid fossa of the temporomandibular joints (TMJs). The aim of this study was twofold: (1) Determination of the prevalence of these variables in two representative population-based birth cohorts...
November 17, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846870/oral-health-and-coronary-heart-disease
#8
Marc J Mathews, Edward H Mathews, George E Mathews
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that there is some correlation between poor oral health in the form of periodontal disease and coronary heart disease (CHD). It is unclear whether this correlation is due to a causal relationship or shared underlying disorder such as inflammation. A suitable integrated model of the CHD pathogenetic pathways relevant to periodontal disease may help to elucidate the association. Such a model is currently not available in literature. METHODS: A previously developed integrated model of CHD was used to investigate potential pathogenetic pathways linking periodontal disease to CHD biomarkers...
November 15, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846833/oral-health-related-background-factors-and-dental-service-utilisation-among-sudanese-children-with-and-without-a-congenital-heart-defects
#9
H M Ali, M Mustafa, E F Nasir, S A Lie, S Hasabalrasol, O H Elshazali, R W Ali, M S Skeie
BACKGROUND: Sudanese children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) were found to have poorer oral health than those without CHDs. The aims of this study were to: describe the patterns of oral-health-related background factors in children with and without CHD and explore any differences, and to evaluate the effects of background factors on caries and gingivitis prevalence and dental services utilisation. METHODS: In this analytical cross-sectional study, caregivers of children aged 3-12 years with (CHD cases n = 111) and without CHDs (Controls n = 182), underwent face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire...
November 15, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835994/smoking-status-dental-visits-and-receipt-of-tobacco-counseling-in-dental-office-among-mobile-and-trailer-home-adolescents
#10
Vinodh Bhoopathi, Huaqing Zhao, Shannon Myers Virtue
BACKGROUND: Mobile and trailer home (MTHs) residents are an understudied group. In this study we determined the cigarette smoking status, dental visits in the past 12 months, and receipt of tobacco counseling in adolescents living in MTHs compared to adolescents living in other types of housing. METHODS: For this secondary data analysis study, we used data of adolescents aged 10 to 19 years (n = 74,890) from the 2012 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey (FYTS). Weighted multiple logistic regression model was conducted to understand the differences between adolescents living in MTHs compared to those living in other types of housing...
November 11, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825336/dental-age-assessment-in-6-to-14-year-old-german-children-comparison-of-cameriere-and-demirjian-methods
#11
Thomas Gerhard Wolf, Benjamín Briseño-Marroquín, Angelika Callaway, Michael Patyna, Victor Thomas Müller, Ines Willershausen, Vicky Ehlers, Brita Willershausen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare two frequently used dental age estimation methods for accuracy. METHODS: A total of 479 panoramic radiographs in age groups 6-14 years from a German population were evaluated. The dental age of 268 boys and 211 girls was assessed by means of the method of Demirjian (1973) and Cameriere (2006) and compared with their actual chronological age. RESULTS: Demirjan's method showed an overestimation of dental age compared to chronological age in all age groups for boys (mean difference -0...
November 8, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821097/the-differences-in-healthcare-utilization-for-dental-caries-based-on-the-implementation-of-water-fluoridation-in-south-korea
#12
Myung-Soo Cho, Kyu-Tae Han, Sohee Park, Ki Tae Moon, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: There were some debates about the water fluoridation program in South Korea, even if the program had generally substantial effectiveness. Because the out-of-pocket expenditures for dental care were higher in South Korea than in other countries, an efficient solution was needed. Therefore, we examined the relationship between the implementation of water fluoridation and the utilization of dental care. METHODS: We used the National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort...
November 8, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814711/social-gradient-in-the-cost-of-oral-pain-and-related-dental-service-utilisation-among-south-african-adults
#13
Imade J Ayo-Yusuf, Sudeshni Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Oral pain affects people's daily activities and quality of life. The burden of oral pain may vary across socio-economic positions. Currently, little is known about the social gradient in the cost of oral pain among South Africans. This study therefore assessed the social gradient in the cost of oral pain and the related dental service utilisation pattern among South African adults. METHODS: Data were obtained from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of South African adults ≥16 year-old (n = 2651) as part of the South African Social Attitudes Survey conducted by the South African Human Sciences Research Council...
November 5, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814704/prevalence-and-family-structures-related-factors-associated-with-crown-trauma-in-school-children-resident-in-suburban-nigeria
#14
T A Oyedele, A T Jegede, M O Folayan
BACKGROUND: Multiple risk factors have been identified for traumatic dental injuries, including crown fractures, in various age groups and various populations. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, risk factors and family related factors for crown trauma among 8 to 16 year-old children in a suburban population, Nigeria. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a data of 2107 children collected through a school-based survey. Study participants were 8 to 16 year-old resident in suburban Nigeria...
November 5, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814698/national-dental-policies-and-socio-demographic-factors-affecting-changes-in-the-incidence-of-periodontal-treatments-in-korean-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-from-2002-2013
#15
Jae-Hong Lee, Jung-Seok Lee, Jung-Kyu Choi, Hye-In Kweon, Young-Taek Kim, Seong-Ho Choi
BACKGROUND: Dental insurance coverage has recently expanded in Korea. The number of patients diagnosed with periodontal disease (PD), and the actual number of periodontally compromised patients has increased. However, few studies have investigated the relationships between the prevalence of periodontal disease and the incidence of PD treatment, dental insurance policies, and socio-demographic factors. To determine the incidence of periodontal treatments required, the comprehensive longitudinal data of the National Health Insurance Service were used...
November 5, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809895/a-plea-for-the-development-of-an-universally-accepted-modular-tooth-wear-evaluation-system
#16
P Wetselaar, A Faris, F Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: Tooth wear is considered an increasing oral health problem. Due to its multifactorial nature, recognizing and diagnosing of tooth wear is difficult but nevertheless important. Over the years, a wide variety of evaluation systems has been developed, yet none of them is universally accepted. This has implications for both research and clinical practice. DISCUSSION: This paper describes an in-depth analysis of four commonly used tooth wear evaluation systems, namely, the Eccles index, the Tooth Wear Index, the Lussi index, and the Basic Erosive Wear Examination...
November 3, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809836/dental-anxiety-in-patients-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-and-patients-with-intellectual-disabilities
#17
Antonio Fallea, Rosa Zuccarello, Francesco Calì
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to investigate the prevalence of dental anxiety in a population of patients with Borderline Intellectual Functioning (BIF) and patients with mild and moderate intellectual disability (ID), and how dental anxiety correlated with their age and gender. METHODS: The sample was made of 700 patients, 287 females and 413 males, 6-to-47 years old, either with borderline intellectual functioning or mild/moderate intellectual disabilities...
November 3, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793148/pdgfr%C3%AE-c-kit-pulp-cells-are-odontoblastic-progenitors-capable-of-producing-dentin-like-structure-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#18
Shiwei Cai, Wenjian Zhang, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: Successful pulp regeneration depends on identification of pulp stem cells capable of differentiation under odontoblastic lineage and producing pulp-dentinal like structure. Recent studies demonstrate that platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) plays an important role in damage repair and tissue regeneration. The aim of this study was to identify a subpopulation of dental pulp cells responsive to PDGF and with dentin regeneration potential. METHODS: Pulp tissues were isolated from 12 freshly extracted human impacted third molars...
October 28, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793138/consequences-of-orthodontic-treatment-in-malocclusion-patients-clinical-and-microbial-effects-in-adults-and-children
#19
Li Guo, Ying Feng, Hong-Gang Guo, Bo-Wen Liu, Yang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Malocclusion is a common disease of oral and maxillofacial region. The study was aimed to investigate levels changes of periodontal pathogens in malocclusion patients before, during and after orthodontic treatments, and to confirm the difference between adults and children. METHOD: One hundred and eight malocclusion patients (46 adults and 62 children at the school-age) were randomly selected and received orthodontic treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances...
October 28, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724900/effect-of-the-plant-based-hemostatic-agent-ankaferd-blood-stopper%C3%A2-on-the-biocompatibility-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate
#20
Muzaffer Emir Dinçol, Hakan Ozbas, Bulent Yılmaz, Handan Ersev, Selcuk Gokyay, Vakur Olgac
BACKGROUND: Due to the detrimental effect of blood contamination on the physico-chemical properties of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), obtaining an effective hemostasis in the surgical crypt during apical surgery is of paramount importance. The purpose of this in vivo study was to analyze the effect of Ankaferd Blood Stopper® (ABS) contamination on the biocompatibility of MTA. METHODS: Forty of 56 Wistar-Albino rats were divided randomly and equally into two groups (MTA and MTA-ABS) according to whether or not a hemostatic agent was used...
October 11, 2016: BMC Oral Health
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