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BMC Oral Health

Aynure Öztekin, Coşkun Öztekin
BACKGROUND: Lower serum vitamin D levels, a major public health problem worldwide, has been found to be associated with various infectious diseases, cancers, autoimmune and dermatological diseases. The serum levels of vitamin D in patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis are not clear. We investigated the vitamin D levels in patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis. METHODS: Forty patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (Group I) and 70 healthy controls (Group II) included in the study...
November 9, 2018: BMC Oral Health
D Klonowicz, M Czerwinska, A Sirvent, J-Ph Gatignol
BACKGROUND: An innovative hybrid toothbrush was designed functioning either in manual mode, in powered mode (sonic) or in combined mode (manual and powered). The primary aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the clinical efficacy of this first hybrid toothbrush (Elgydium Clinic/Inava Hybrid) used in combined mode to a marketed oscillating-rotating powered toothbrush (Oral-B Vitality) in the reduction of dental plaque after a single use. The secondary aims were to evaluate the tolerance and acceptability of each device...
November 6, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Mariam Al-Abdallah, Abeer AlHadidi, Mohammad Hammad, Najla Dar-Odeh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the severity of permanent tooth impaction and a number of predefined factors, including tooth type, age, gender, tooth agenesis, microdontia of maxillary lateral incisor, and retained deciduous predecessors. METHODS: A sample of 2979 dental patients, aged 15 to 40 years, was surveyed by two calibrated examiners for permanent tooth impaction (excluding third molars). On panoramic radiographs, the impacted teeth were initially ranked based on their vertical, horizontal, and angular positions, and the ranking was then analysed for distribution by the predefined factors...
November 1, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Paula R Blasi, Chloe Krakauer, Melissa L Anderson, Jennifer Nelson, Terry Bush, Sheryl L Catz, Jennifer B McClure
BACKGROUND: Smokers are at increased risk of oral disease. While routine dental care can help prevent and treat oral health problems, smokers have far lower rates of dental care utilization compared with non-smokers. We sought to better understand which factors may facilitate or hinder dental care utilization among low-income smokers participating in a randomized intervention trial in order to inform future intervention planning. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data collected between 2015 and 2017 as part of the OralHealth4Life trial...
November 1, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Sun-Hyun Kim, Jong-Bin Lee, Min-Ji Kim, Eun-Kyoung Pang
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic force may affect not only periodontal ligaments, but also the alveoloar bone and the gingiva according to the type of tooth movements. The authors assessed changes in gingival thickness (GT) and alveolar bone thickness (ABT) after orthodontic treatment using a new method. METHODS: This study included 408 teeth (208 central incisors, 200 lateral incisors) from the upper and lower 4 anterior teeth of 52 patients who had completed orthodontic treatment...
November 1, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Kai-Hendrik Bormann, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Heinz Kniha, Sabine Schild, Dieter Weingart, Michael Gahlert
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, dental implants have been made from titanium or titanium alloys. Alternatively, zirconia-based ceramic implants have been developed with similar characteristics of functional strength and osseointegration. Ceramic implants offer advantages in certain settings, e.g. in patients who object to metal dental implants. The aim of this study was to investigate the mid-term (36 months) clinical performance of a ceramic monotype implant in single-tooth edentulous area...
November 1, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Louise Sidenö, Rim Hmaidouch, Jan Brandt, Nadine von Krockow, Paul Weigl
BACKGROUND: Phobic patients avoid dental treatment impairing their oral health and making it challenging to offer them prosthetic rehabilitation. This study evaluated patients' experience of implant-supported prosthetic treatment after implantation performed under general anaesthesia due to dental phobia and severe pharyngeal reflexes (SPR). The effect of gender, age and location of implantation on patient satisfaction was tested. METHODS: Two hundred five patients underwent implantation under general anesthesia both in maxilla and mandible, respectively...
November 1, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Abdulkadir Burak Çankaya, Çağrı Akçay, Neşe Kahraman, Banu Gürkan Köseoğlu
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to analyze gender-stratified data of patients who underwent day surgery in a hospital based on the type of treatment, type of local anaesthesia, and local anaesthesia complications. By learning all these parameters, it is our main goal to find answers to questions such as what we can do in hospital conditions, what we can win, and what operations we can treat. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed to assess hospital records of 10,750 dental patients who received oral surgery under local anaesthesia at the Istanbul University Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from August 2013 through June 2016...
October 30, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Yvonne Dimitropoulos, Alexander Holden, Kylie Gwynne, Michelle Irving, Norma Binge, Anthony Blinkhorn
BACKGROUND: A community-led oral health service for Aboriginal people in Central Northern NSW identified the need for oral health promotion, as well as dental treatment; in three remote communities with limited access to dental services. A three-stage plan based on the Precede-Proceed model was used to develop a school-based preventive oral health program. The program will be piloted in three schools over 12 months aimed at improving the oral health of local Aboriginal children. METHODS: The proposed program includes four components: daily in-school toothbrushing; distribution of free fluoride toothpaste and toothbrushes; in-school and community dental health education and the installation of refrigerated and chilled water fountains to supply a school water bottle program...
October 29, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Najlaa M Alamoudi, Alaa M Baik, Azza A El-Housseiny, Tariq S Abu Haimed, Ahmed S Bakry
BACKGROUND: Previous studies had reported that bond strength deteriorate over time following the dentin surface pretreatment with chlorhexidine. Therefore, further investigations are needed to evaluate the effect of other materials such as povidone iodine. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 10% povidone-iodine pretreatment on the resin-dentin micro-tensile bond strength of a single bond adhesive system in permanent teeth over time, and compare it with 2% chlorhexidine...
October 29, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Gloria C Mejia, Hawazin W Elani, Sam Harper, W Murray Thomson, Xiangqun Ju, Ichiro Kawachi, Jay S Kaufman, Lisa M Jamieson
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequalities are associated with oral health status, either subjectively (self-rated oral health) or objectively (clinically-diagnosed dental diseases). The aim of this study is to compare the magnitude of socioeconomic inequality in oral health and dental disease among adults in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States (US). METHODS: Nationally-representative survey examination data were used to calculate adjusted absolute differences (AD) in prevalence of untreated decay and fair/poor self-rated oral health (SROH) in income and education...
October 26, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Jagan Kumar Baskaradoss
BACKGROUND: Health literacy has been found to be a strong predictor of an individuals' health, health behavior and health outcomes. Lower literacy has been linked to problems with the use of preventive services, delayed diagnoses of medical conditions, poor adherence to medical instructions, poor self-management skills, increased mortality risks, poor health outcomes, and higher health care costs. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between oral health literacy (OHL) and oral health status among patients attending a University-affiliated dental clinic...
October 24, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Arthur Kemoli, Hans Gjørup, Marie-Louise Milvang Nørregaard, Mark Lindholm, Tonnie Mulli, Anders Johansson, Dorte Haubek
BACKGROUND: Infant Oral Mutilation (IOM) includes germectomy and early extraction of primary and permanent incisors and canines, primarily in the lower jaw. The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence and impact of IOM, involving the removal of mandibular permanent incisors and/or canines, on dental occlusion and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among Kenyan adolescents from Maasai Mara. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 284 adolescents (14-18 yrs...
October 24, 2018: BMC Oral Health
John Rogers, Clare Delany, Clive Wright, Kaye Roberts-Thomson, Mike Morgan
BACKGROUND: Dental general anaesthetics undertaken on young children are amongst the most common of all potentially preventable hospitalisations of children in Australia. They are costly for families and the community and entail some risk. The aim of the study was to explore the views of stakeholders about factors associated with children's dental general anaesthetics in Victoria, Australia and to identify policy implications. METHODS: Interviews with stakeholders were used to develop a framework of factors...
October 24, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Kirstine Juhl Thuesen, Hans Gjørup, Jannie Dahl Hald, Malene Schmidt, Torben Harsløf, Bente Langdahl, Dorte Haubek
BACKGROUND: To report on dental characteristics and treatment load in Danish adult patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). METHODS: Oral examination of 73 patients with OI was performed and OI type I, III, and IV were represented by 75.3%, 8.2%, and 16.4%, respectively. Patients were diagnosed as having dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI) if they had clinical and radiological signs of DI. In the data analysis, mild OI (type I) was compared to moderate-severe OI (type III and IV)...
October 24, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Hey Chiann Wong, Yuxuan Ooi, Shaju Jacob Pulikkotil, Cho Naing
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a major oral health problem and it is considered as one of the reasons for tooth loss in developing and developed nations. The objective of the current review was to investigate the association between IL10 polymorphisms - 1082 A > G (rs1800896), -819C > T (rs1800871), - 592 A > C (rs1800872) and the risk of either chronic periodontitis or aggressive periodontitis. METHODS: This is a meta- analysis study, following the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta- analyses (PRISMA)...
October 22, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Elham Kateeb, Elizabeth Momany
BACKGROUND: This study described the dental caries experience of Palestinian pregnant women and examined its relationships to their oral health knowledge, beliefs, behavior, and access to dental care. METHODS: Pregnant women receiving prenatal care at the Ministry of Health (MOH) centers in the Jerusalem Governorate were invited to participate in this study. Structured interviews were conducted to assess pregnant mothers' beliefs about oral health care and their oral hygiene practices...
October 22, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Carla Figueiredo Brandão, Viviane Maia Barreto Oliveira, Ada Rocha Ramony Martins Santos, Taísa Midlej Martins da Silva, Verônica Queiroz Cruz Vilella, Gleice Glenda Prata Pimentel Simas, Laura Regina Santos Carvalho, Raissa Aires Costa Carvalho, Ana Marice Teixeira Ladeia
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most prevalent monogenic hereditary pathology associated with the presence of hemoglobin SS in the world. It can affect individuals, leading to changes in the face and body, causing a deficiency in dental and bone tissue formation that can ultimately result in a higher level of predisposition to developing dental caries. This study aimed to evaluate the oral condition of children and adolescents with SCD in comparison with the condition of healthy controls...
October 20, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Shalini Nayee, Charlotte Klass, Gail Findlay, Jennifer E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Preventable oral diseases such as dental caries remain common in the United Kingdom. Clustering of poor health is observed within deprived communities, such as inner-city areas, where elevated levels of dental need are associated with lower uptake of dental care. Successful oral health promotion (OHP) initiatives are contingent upon effective community engagement. The aim of this pilot study was to engage with families with young children to explore community views on oral health and dental care and thus tailor OHP initiatives more effectively to their needs...
October 20, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Renate Deinzer, Stefanie Ebel, Helen Blättermann, Ulrike Weik, Jutta Margraf-Stiksrud
BACKGROUND: Weaknesses in toothbrushing performance can be seen when young adults are instructed to perform habitual toothbrushing. Nothing is known about toothbrushing behavior when instructed to perform to the best abilities. The present study analyzes such behavior and compares it to habitual behavior. METHODS: A random sample of N = 98 young adults born in 1995 was examined in 2014/2015.They were asked to perform oral hygiene to the best of their abilities in front of a camera...
October 19, 2018: BMC Oral Health
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