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BMC Nursing

Jane Mills, Jennifer Chamberlain-Salaun, Helena Harrison, Karen Yates, Andrea O'Shea
BACKGROUND: A core objective of the Australian health system is to provide high quality, safe health care that meets the needs of all Australians. To achieve this, an adequate and effective workforce must support the delivery of care. With rapidly changing health care systems and consumer demographics, demand for care is increasing and retention of sufficient numbers of skilled staff is now a critical priority to meet current and future health care demands. Nurses are the largest cohort of professionals within the health workforce...
2016: BMC Nursing
Jianghua He, Vincent S Staggs, Sandra Bergquist-Beringer, Nancy Dunton
BACKGROUND: Time trends and seasonal patterns have been observed in nurse staffing and nursing-sensitive patient outcomes in recent years. It is unknown whether these changes were associated. METHODS: Quarterly unit-level nursing data in 2004-2012 were extracted from the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators® (NDNQI®). Units were divided into groups based on patterns of missing data. All variables were aggregated across units within these groups and analyses were conducted at the group level...
2016: BMC Nursing
Carmen Folguera-Álvarez, Sofia Garrido-Elustondo, José Verdú-Soriano, Diana García-García-Alcalá, Mónica Sánchez-Hernández, Oscar German Torres-de Castro, Maria Luisa Barceló-Fidalgo, Olga Martínez-González, Lidia Ardiaca-Burgués, Carmen Solano-Villarrubia, Pilar Raquel Lebracón-Cortés, Carmen Molins-Santos, Mar Fresno-Flores, Maria Carmen Cánovas-Lago, Luisa Fernanda Benito-Herranz, Maria Teresa García-Sánchez, Olga Castillo-Pla, María Sol Morcillo-San Juan, Maria Begoña Ayuso-de la Torre, Pilar Burgos-Quintana, Ana López-Torres-Escudero, Gema Ballesteros-García, Piedad García-Cabeza, Maria Ángeles de Francisco-Casado, Milagros Rico-Blázquez
BACKGROUND: Chronic venous insufficiency, in its final stage can cause venous ulcers. Venous ulcers have a prevalence of 0.5 % to 0.8 % in the general population, and increases starting at 60 years of age. This condition often causes increased dependency in affected individuals, as well as a perceived reduced quality of life and family overload. Local Treating chronic venous ulcers has 2 components: topically healing the ulcer and controlling the venous insufficiency. There is evidence that compressive therapy favours the healing process of venous ulcers...
2016: BMC Nursing
Pavlos Sarafis, Eirini Rousaki, Andreas Tsounis, Maria Malliarou, Liana Lahana, Panagiotis Bamidis, Dimitris Niakas, Evridiki Papastavrou
BACKGROUND: Nursing is perceived as a strenuous job. Although past research has documented that stress influences nurses' health in association with quality of life, the relation between stress and caring behaviors remains relatively unexamined, especially in the Greek working environment, where it is the first time that this specific issue is being studied. The aim was to investigate and explore the correlation amidst occupational stress, caring behaviors and their quality of life in association to health...
2016: BMC Nursing
Sue Channon, Marie-Jet Bekkers, Julia Sanders, Rebecca Cannings-John, Laura Robertson, Kristina Bennert, Christopher Butler, Kerenza Hood, Michael Robling
BACKGROUND: Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a person-centred counselling approach to behaviour change which is increasingly being used in public health settings, either as a stand-alone approach or in combination with other structured programmes of health promotion. One example of this is the Family Nurse Partnership (FNP) a licensed, preventative programme for first time mothers under the age of 20, delivered by specialist family nurses who are additionally trained in MI. The Building Blocks trial was an individually randomised controlled trial comparing effectiveness of Family Nurse Partnership when added to usual care compared to usual care alone within 18 sites in England...
2016: BMC Nursing
Camilla Olsson, Anna Forsberg, Kristofer Bjerså
BACKGROUND: The rationale behind this study is the increasing research on relationships between patient safety, evidence based practice and person centered care, and the growing interest in outcomes of surgical patients. The aim of this study was to explore the safety climate and readiness to implement evidence-based and person centered care as perceived by registered nurses in Swedish surgical care. METHODS: The design was an exploratory, cross-sectional survey carried out in a national Swedish context...
2016: BMC Nursing
Lars-Eric Olsson, Elisabeth Hansson, Inger Ekman
BACKGROUND: The goal of total hip arthroplasty (THA) is optimal pain relief and a normalized health-related quality of life. Anxious patients describe more pain and more difficulties than non-anxious patients during rehabilitation after THA. The aims of the present study were twofold: (1) to identify vulnerable patients using the general self-efficacy scale (GSES) and the Tampa scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK), and (2) to evaluate if person-centred care including the responses of the instruments made rehabilitation more effective in terms of shortening hospital length of stay...
2016: BMC Nursing
Birgitta Wireklint Sundström, Mats Holmberg, Johan Herlitz, Thomas Karlsson, Henrik Andersson
BACKGROUND: Current research suggests that nurses can influence the outcome for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of this study has been to evaluate whether a course in cardiovascular nursing (CVN) can improve ambulance nurses' (ANs') prehospital care of patients experiencing suspected ACS, related to pain intensity. METHODS: This is a cluster randomised controlled trial that was conducted in the ambulance services. Patients were allocated to one of two groups: in the first group, patients were treated by ANs who had attended the CVN course and in the second group patients were treated by ANs without this qualification...
2016: BMC Nursing
Winsome Lam, Cathrine Fowler, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: In Hong Kong, the population is at risk of seasonal influenza infection twice a year. Seasonal influenza is significantly associated with the increased hospitalization of children. Maintaining personal hygiene and vaccination are the most effective measures to prevent influenza infection. Research demonstrates a positive relationship between the health practices applied by parents and the behaviour of their children highlighting the importance of parental heath education. However, there is minimal research that provides an understanding of how Hong Kong Chinese parents teach their children to prevent seasonal influenza...
2016: BMC Nursing
Ingrid Nyborg, Kari Kvigne, Lars Johan Danbolt, Marit Kirkevold
BACKGROUND: Patient participation is required by law in Norway and in several western countries. Current participation ideology is based on individualism, which may conflict with the older generation's commonly held values of solidarity and community. Hence, different values and ideologies may come in conflict when older patients receive treatment and rehabilitation in geriatric wards. Participation is a guiding principle in rehabilitation. Criteria for admission of older patients to geriatric wards are complex health problems, acute illness and/or acute physical and/or cognitive functional failure...
2016: BMC Nursing
Ann Karin Helgesen, Anne Grethe Gregersen, Anne Karine Østbye Roos
BACKGROUND: The recent reforms in the health care sector have changed the requirements for professional nursing competence in the clinical field. The reforms have also required nursing education to consider different areas for clinical placements for their students, and outpatient units in hospitals have been increasingly formalized as clinical learning environments. The complex technologies in some of these units represent a challenge for students who have limited existing knowledge or experience...
2016: BMC Nursing
Hayelom Gebrekirstos Mengesha, Wondwossen Terefe Lerebo, Abadi Kidanemariam, Gebremedhin Gebrezgiabher, Yemane Berhane
BACKGROUND: Pre-term and post-term births are major determinants of neonatal mortality, including short- and long-term morbidity. In developing countries, where pre-term and post-term births are disproportionately common, the magnitude and underlying causes are not well understood, and evidence is required to design appropriate interventions. This study measured the incidence and identified risk factors of pre-term birth and post-term births in Ethiopia. In addition, it examined the effects of pre-term and post-term birth on neonatal mortality...
2016: BMC Nursing
Tünde Mako, Pernilla Svanäng, Kristofer Bjerså
BACKGROUND: Patients in surgical care have reported a fear of being discharged prior to sufficient recovery and a lack of control of their situation. Establishing the patient-nurse relationship is essential in the context of the care. The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare has established indicators for good care for comparison, evaluation and improvement of the quality of the health care system. These indicators are knowledge-based, appropriate, safe, effective and equal health care, as well as care within a reasonable time and patient-centred care...
2016: BMC Nursing
Christian M Rochefort, Bailey A Rathwell, Sean P Clarke
BACKGROUND: Evidence internationally suggests that staffing constraints and non-supportive work environments result in the rationing of nursing interventions (that is, limiting or omitting interventions for particular patients), which in turn may influence patient outcomes. In the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), preliminary studies have found that discharge preparation and infant comfort care are among the most frequently rationed nursing interventions. However, it is unknown if the rationing of discharge preparation is related to lower perceptions of parent and infant readiness for NICU discharge, and if reports of increased rationing of infant comfort care are related to lower levels of perceived neonatal pain control...
2016: BMC Nursing
Roy A Brown, Patrick A Crookes
BACKGROUND: Individuals who have recently completed accredited courses and are eligible to register as a nurse in Australia are often referred to as not being 'work-ready' by clinically based colleagues. This project identified the level of competence that can be reasonably expected of a newly registered nurse (RN) graduating in Australia. The research was undertaken using the necessary skills identified by Crookes and Brown in 2010. METHODS: A consensus methodology using a modified Delphi technique invited experienced nurses to identify the level of competency expected by the new RN in each of the skills areas...
2016: BMC Nursing
Evridiki Papastavrou, Maria Dimitriadou, Haritini Tsangari, Christos Andreou
BACKGROUND: The acquisition of quality clinical experience within a supportive and pedagogically adjusted clinical learning environment is a significant concern for educational institutions. The quality of clinical learning usually reflects the quality of the curriculum structure. The assessment of the clinical settings as learning environment is a significant concern within the contemporary nursing education. The nursing students' satisfaction is considered as an important factor of such assessment, contributing to any potential reforms in order to optimize the learning activities and achievements within clinical settings...
2016: BMC Nursing
Berhanu Boru Bifftu, Berihun Assefa Dachew, Bewket Tadesse Tiruneh, Debrework Tesgera Beshah
BACKGROUND: Medication administration is the final step/phase of medication process in which its error directly affects the patient health. Due to the central role of nurses in medication administration, whether they are the source of an error, a contributor, or an observer they have the professional, legal and ethical responsibility to recognize and report. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of medication administration error reporting and associated factors among nurses working at The University of Gondar Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia...
2016: BMC Nursing
Bewket Tadesse Tiruneh, Berhanu Boru Bifftu, Akililu Azazh Tumebo, Mengistu Mekonnen Kelkay, Degefaye Zelalem Anlay, Berihun Assefa Dachew
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence has been acknowledged as a global problem, particularly in the health sector. However, there is scarce data on workplace violence among nurses in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of workplace violence and associated factors among nurses in northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Hospital based cross-sectional study design was employed in 386 nurses from April 1 - April 30, 2015. Data were collected through the use of self-administered questionnaire developed by the International Labor Office/International Council of Nurses/World Health Organization and Public Services International...
2016: BMC Nursing
Milka Madaha Mafwiri, Emma Jolley, Joanna Hunter, Clare Elizabeth Gilbert, Elena Schmidt
BACKGROUND: There are 285 million people with visual impairment (VI) worldwide including 39 million who are blind; 15 % of those with VI live in Africa, and around 80 % of VI is preventable or treatable with the right equipment, information and skills. The scarcity of human resources for eye health, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, is a key challenge towards achieving this goal. Therefore training primary health workers (PHW) in providing eye-care services has been seen by some authors as a way to improve access to eye-care services in remote communities...
2016: BMC Nursing
Anne Haugstvedt, Morten Aarflot, Jannicke Igland, Tilla Landbakk, Marit Graue
BACKGROUND: Providing high-quality diabetes care in nursing homes and home-based care facilities requires suitable instruments to evaluate the level of diabetes knowledge among the health-care providers. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test adapted for use among nursing personnel. METHODS: The study included 127 nursing personnel (32 registered nurses, 69 nursing aides and 26 nursing assistants) at three nursing homes and one home-based care facility in Norway...
2016: BMC Nursing
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