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BMC Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162984/-we-are-the-best-to-stand-in-for-patients-a-qualitative-study-on-nurses-advocacy-characteristics-in-ghana
#1
Grace Dadzie, Lydia Aziato, Ama de-Graft Aikins
Background: Patient advocacy has been identified as a core duty of the nurse, and certain nurse characteristics influence the performance of the role. However, these characteristics have not been adequately explored in Ghana. This study aimed to explore the perspectives of nurses about the characteristics of nurses that influence their role as patient advocates. Methods: An exploratory descriptive qualitative study was conducted among 15 nurses from a regional hospital in Ghana...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075147/support-pressure-distribution-for-positioning-in-neutral-versus-conventional-positioning-in-the-prevention-of-decubitus-ulcers-a-pilot-study-in-healthy-participants
#2
Heidrun Pickenbrock, Vera U Ludwig, Antonia Zapf
BACKGROUND: Decubitus ulcers are associated with a burden for the patients and cause enormous costs. One of the reasons for the development of decubitus is prolonged exposure to pressure. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the pressure distribution of healthy individuals either positioned in Positioning in Neutral (LiN) or conventional positioning (CON). METHODS: Four healthy participants were positioned in a supine, 30° degree side lying and 90° side lying position both in LiN and CON...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046614/long-term-effects-of-nurse-led-individualized-education-on-middle-aged-patients-with-acute-coronary-synrome-a-quasi-experimental-study
#3
Jae Lan Shim, Seon Young Hwang
BACKGROUND: This study examined the long-term effects of nurse-led, individualized education on self-efficacy, self-care compliance, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in middle-aged patients with new-onset acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used in the study. A cardiovascular nurse provided individualized education to the intervention group (n = 32), and self-efficacy, self-care compliance, and HRQoL at baseline and 3 and 12 months after discharge were compared to those of a control group (n = 30)...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021714/enhancing-utility-and-understanding-of-evidence-based-practice-through-undergraduate-nurse-education
#4
Joanne Reid, Jordan Briggs, Susan Carlisle, David Scott, Claire Lewis
BACKGROUND: The concept of evidence-based practice is globally relevant in current healthcare climates. However, students and teachers struggle with integrating evidence based practice effectively into a curriculum. This has implications for nurse education and in particular the way in which research is presented and delivered to students. A new undergraduate Evidence Based Practice module (Evidence Based Nursing 1) was developed in a large University within the United Kingdom. It commenced in October 2014 running in year one of a 3 year undergraduate nursing programme...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959139/a-case-study-on-building-capacity-to-improve-clinical-mentoring-and-maternal-child-health-in-rural-tanzania-the-path-to-implementation
#5
Melissa T Ojemeni, Paulomi Niles, Salum Mfaume, Ntuli A Kapologwe, Linda Deng, Renae Stafford, Marie Jose Voeten, Kokusiima Theonestina, Wendy Budin, Nok Chhun, Allison Squires
BACKGROUND: Tanzania is a low income, East African country with a severe shortage of human resources for health or health workers. This shortage threatens any gains the country is making in improving maternal health outcomes. This paper describes a partnership between Touch Foundation and NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing - Global, aimed at improving clinical mentorship and capacity among nurses and midwives at two rural hospitals in the Tanzanian Lake Zone Region. Clinical mentoring capacity building and supportive supervision of staff has been shown to be a facilitator of retaining nurses and would be possible to acquire and implement quickly, even in a context of low resources and limited technology...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943804/treatment-in-the-home-setting-with-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-for-a-woman-with-chronic-leg-ulcers-a-case-report
#6
Katrina Young, Harrison Ng Chok, Lesley Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Intermittent Pneumatic Compression (IPC) is shown to improve the healing rate of Venous Leg Ulcers (VLU) in the hospital setting. The current Australian "Gold Standard" treatment according to the Australian and New Zealand Wound Management Associations' (AWMA) Prevention & Management of Venous Leg Ulcer guidelines is compression, generally in the form of bandaging then progressing to hosiery once wounds are healed to prevent recurrence. This is recommended in conjunction with other standards of wound management including; nutrition, exercise, client education and addressing underlying pathophysiology and psychosocial factors...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936121/a-mixed-method-study-of-an-education-intervention-to-reduce-use-of-restraint-and-implement-person-centered-dementia-care-in-nursing-homes
#7
Frode F Jacobsen, Tone Elin Mekki, Oddvar Førland, Bjarte Folkestad, Øyvind Kirkevold, Randi Skår, Eva Marie Tveit, Christine Øye
BACKGROUND: People living with dementia in nursing homes are most likely to be restrained. The primary aim of this mixed-method education intervention study was to investigate which factors hindered or facilitated staff awareness related to confidence building initiatives based on person-centred care, as an alternative to restraint in residents with dementia in nursing homes. The education intervention, consisting of a two-day seminar and monthly coaching sessions for six months, targeted nursing staff in 24 nursing homes in Western Norway...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932170/a-cross-sectional-study-on-nursing-process-implementation-and-associated-factors-among-nurses-working-in-selected-hospitals-of-central-and-northwest-zones-tigray-region-ethiopia
#8
Zeray Baraki, Fiseha Girmay, Kalayou Kidanu, Hadgu Gerensea, Dejen Gezehgne, Hafte Teklay
BACKGROUND: The nursing process is a systematic method of planning, delivering, and evaluating individualized care for clients in any state of health or illness. Many countries have adopted the nursing process as the standard of care to guide nursing practice; however, the problem is its implementation. If nurses fail to carry out the necessary nursing care through the nursing process; the effectiveness of patient progress may be compromised and can lead to preventable adverse events...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924390/how-school-nurses-experience-and-understand-everyday-pain-among-adolescents
#9
Magnhild Høie, Kristin Haraldstad, Gudrun Rohde, Liv Fegran, Thomas Westergren, Sølvi Helseth, Åshild Slettebø, Berit Johannessen
BACKGROUND: Pain problems are a rapidly growing health problem found among both children and adolescent, and about 15-30% have reported chronic pain problems. School nurses in Norway meet adolescents with various ailments, including pain. Yet research on how school nurses perceive the pain experienced by adolescents is limited. The aim of the present study was to explore how school nurses explain and experience the everyday pain of adolescents. METHOD: A qualitative study with an explorative design comprising five focus group interviews...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919839/ground-up-top-down-a-mixed-method-action-research-study-aimed-at-normalising-research-in-practice-for-nurses-and-midwives
#10
Vicki Parker, Gena Lieschke, Michelle Giles
BACKGROUND: Improving health, patient and system outcomes through a practice-based research agenda requires infrastructural supports, leadership and capacity building approaches, at both the individual and organisational levels. Embedding research as normal nursing and midwifery practice requires a flexible approach that is responsive to the diverse clinical contexts within which care is delivered and the variable research skills and interest of clinicians. This paper reports the study protocol for research being undertaken in a Local Health District (LHD) in New South Wales (NSW) Australia...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919838/adherence-to-precautions-for-preventing-the-transmission-of-microorganisms-in-primary-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#11
Michely Aparecida Cardoso Maroldi, Adriana Maria da Silva Felix, Ana Angélica Lima Dias, Julia Yaeko Kawagoe, Maria Clara Padoveze, Sílvia Alice Ferreira, Sílvia Helena Zem-Mascarenhas, Stephen Timmons, Rosely Moralez Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Health care associated infections (HAIs) are a source of concern worldwide. No health service in any country can be considered HAI risk-free. However, there is scarcity of data on the risks to which both patients and health workers are subject in non-hospital settings. The aim of this study was to identify issues that determine the adherence of professionals to precautions for preventing transmission of microorganisms in primary health care. METHOD: This was a qualitative study, using focus groups of primary health care staff, in two Brazilian municipalities...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912667/how-do-nurse-consultant-job-characteristics-impact-on-job-satisfaction-an-australian-quantitative-study
#12
Michelle Giles, Vicki Parker, Rebecca Mitchell, Jane Conway
BACKGROUND: There is a direct link between job satisfaction, nurses' job performance and improved patient outcomes. Understanding what job characteristics influence job satisfaction is vital if health organizations are to optimize individual employee satisfaction and performance. This is particularly necessary in the Nurse Consultant role, which is a multifaceted role that has evolved to meet the dynamic and changing needs of health services. This study aims to examine how job characteristics influence Nurse Consultant job satisfaction and identify differences across metropolitan and rural contexts...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912666/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-iranian-nurses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Yosra Azizpour, Ali Delpisheh, Zahra Montazeri, Kourosh Sayehmiri
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) as a musculoskeletal disorder is one of the most common occupational injuries in nurses but there isn't any valid measure of the prevalence of LBP in Iranian nursing. In order to increase the power and improve the estimates of the prevalence of LBP in Iranian nurses, a comprehensive meta-analysis was carried out. A summary measure of all studies conducted in this field was found and distributions of LBP were evaluated based on different variables. METHODS: Inclusion criteria included articles with prevalence of LBP in Iranian nurses, who had at least six months of work experience without any trauma, injuries to spine, or any underlying disease...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824335/tensions-in-learning-professional-identities-nursing-students-narratives-and-participation-in-practical-skills-during-their-clinical-practice-an-ethnographic-study
#14
Mona Ewertsson, Sangeeta Bagga-Gupta, Renée Allvin, Karin Blomberg
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice is a pivotal part of nursing education. It provides students with the opportunity to put the knowledge and skills they have acquired from lectures into practice with real patients, under the guidance of registered nurses. Clinical experience is also essential for shaping the nursing students' identity as future professional nurses. There is a lack of knowledge and understanding of the ways in which students learn practical skills and apply knowledge within and across different contexts, i...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824334/perceptions-of-the-critical-cultural-competence-of-registered-nurses-in-canada
#15
Adel F Almutairi, Abdallah A Adlan, Maliha Nasim
BACKGROUND: Cultural diversity often leads to misunderstandings, clashes, conflicts, ethnocentrism, discrimination, and stereotyping due to the frequent intersection of many variables, such as differences in traditions, behaviours, ethical and moral perspectives, conceptions of health and illness, and language barriers. The root of the issue is related to the way people conceptualise differences and the unique cultural and historical circumstances that have shaped different groups' heritages...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814940/cardiac-health-knowledge-and-misconceptions-among-nursing-students-implications-for-nursing-curriculum-design
#16
Susan Ka Yee Chow, Yuen Yee Chan, Sin Kuen Ho, Ka Chun Ng
BACKGROUND: Cardiac misconceptions are common among healthcare professionals. The development of professional knowledge is considered an essential component of nursing education. Nurses, regardless of their grade, skills, and experience, should be updated with information so as to be able to rectify their misconceptions, as these could affect patient health outcomes. As the literature evaluating the cardiac knowledge and misconceptions of nursing students is sparse, a study of the subject seems warranted...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811747/what-establishes-an-excellent-nurse-a-focus-group-and-delphi-panel-approach
#17
Wolter Paans, Patricia Robbe, Inge Wijkamp, Marca V C Wolfensberger
BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, the complexity of the health care system in which nurses are required to practice has increased considerably, magnifying the need for excellent professionals with a specific set of knowledge, skills and attitudes. However, the characteristics that distinguish an excellent nurse have not yet been clarified. The aim of this study was to determine nurses' perspectives regarding characteristics associated with an excellent nurse in order to elicit a conceptual profile...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808426/organisational-and-environmental-characteristics-of-residential-aged-care-units-providing-highly-person-centred-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Karin Sjögren, Marie Lindkvist, Per-Olof Sandman, Karin Zingmark, David Edvardsson
BACKGROUND: Few studies have empirically investigated factors that define residential aged care units that are perceived as being highly person-centred. The purpose of this study was to explore factors characterising residential aged care units perceived as being highly person-centred, with a focus on organisational and environmental variables, as well as residents' and staff' characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. Residents (n = 1460) and staff (n = 1213) data from 151 residential care units were collected, as well as data relating to characteristics of the organisation and environment, and data measuring degree of person-centred care...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785169/effectiveness-structure-and-content-of-nurse-counseling-in-gynecologic-oncology-a-systematic-review
#19
Silvia Raphaelis, Andrea Kobleder, Hanna Mayer, Beate Senn
BACKGROUND: Gynecological pre-cancer and gynecological cancers are considerable diseases in women throughout the world. The disease and treatment lead to numerous biopsychosocial issues. To improve the outcomes of affected women, several counseling interventions have been tested thus far in nursing research. These interventions target different endpoints and are composed of various structural and content components. The purpose of this research was to systematically review the effectiveness of nurse counseling on any patient outcomes tested so far in gynecologic oncology before, during and after treatment and to explore structure and content components...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769737/assessment-of-nurses-interventions-in-the-management-of-clinical-alarms-in-the-critical-care-unit-kenyatta-national-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Lucy W Meng'anyi, Lilian A Omondi, Margaret N Muiva
BACKGROUND: Alarms in the critical areas are an important component of most of the machines as they alert nurses on the change in the patients' condition. Most patients in the critical care units cannot speak for themselves hence cannot pinpoint when their condition changes. It is therefore important to assess the nurses' interventions when managing clinical alarms. The purpose of this study was to assess interventions employed by nurses in the management of clinical alarms in the care of patients in the Critical Care Unit (CCU), Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH)...
2017: BMC Nursing
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