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BMC Nursing

Bernard Atinyagrika Adugbire, Lydia Aziato
Background: The purpose of the study was to explore surgical patients' experiences of discharge planning and home care in the Northern part of Ghana. Methods: The study was conducted at a referral hospital located at the Northern part of Ghana. A qualitative explorative descriptive design was adopted for the study. Purposive sampling technique was used to recruit participants. Data was saturated with 15 participants aged between 23 and 65 years. All the interviews were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim...
2018: BMC Nursing
Annemarie Coolbrandt, Hans Wildiers, Bert Aertgeerts, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Theo van Achterberg, Koen Milisen
Background: Given the great symptom burden associated with chemotherapy on the one hand and generally poor self-management of symptoms by cancer patients on the other hand, our aim was to develop a nursing intervention to reduce symptom burden in adult cancer patients treated with chemotherapy and to support them in dealing with their various symptoms at home. Methods: Development of the intervention was guided by the Intervention Mapping Approach and included following steps: needs assessment, formulation of proximal programme objectives, selection of methods and strategies, production of programme components, and planning for implementation and evaluation of the intervention...
2018: BMC Nursing
Susan Jones, Somasundari Gopalakrishnan, Charles A Ameh, Brian Faragher, Betty Sam, Roderick R Labicane, Hossinatu Kanu, Fatmata Dabo, Makally Mansary, Rugiatu Kanu, Nynke van den Broek
Background: Maternal and Child Health Aides are the largest nursing cadre in Sierra Leone providing maternal and child health care at primary level. Poor healthcare infrastructure and persistent shortage of suitably qualified health care workers have contributed to high maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. In 2012, 50% of the MCHAides cohort failed their final examination and the Government of Sierra Leone expressed concerns about the quality of teaching within the programmes...
2018: BMC Nursing
Ellen J M Bakker, Jos H A M Kox, Harald S Miedema, Sita Bierma-Zeinstra, Jos Runhaar, Cécile R L Boot, Allard J van der Beek, Pepijn D D M Roelofs
Background: The shortage of nursing professionals is of growing concern. The causes of this include the demanding physical and mental workload, leading to a dropout of nurses that may start during their education. However, it is unclear to what extent nursing students already perceive a physical and mental workload leading to health problems during their nursing education and placement, and to what extent these health problems cause students to dropout from nursing education. Very few prospective cohort studies have investigated protective and risk factors in relation to dropout and retention among nursing students...
2018: BMC Nursing
Wendy Gifford, Qing Zhang, Shaolin Chen, Barbara Davies, Rihua Xie, Shi-Wu Wen, Gillian Harvey
Background: Research into evidence-based practice has been extensively explored in nursing and there is strong recognition that the organizational context influences implementation. A range of barriers has been identified; however, the research has predominantly taken place in Western cultures, and there is little information about factors that influence evidence-based practice in China. The purpose of this study was to explore barriers and facilitators to evidence-based practice in Hunan province, a less developed region in China...
2018: BMC Nursing
Faith Agbozo, Esi Colecraft, Albrecht Jahn, Timothy Guetterman
Background: Growth monitoring and promotion (GMP) programmes promote not only child health but serve as a service delivery strategy to enhance coverage for other crucial nutrition-specific interventions. This study compared community-based and facility-based GMP programme with respect to attendance rates, children's nutritional status, caregivers' satisfaction with services received and perceptions of service providers and users on factors influencing utilization. Methods: Explanatory sequential mixed methods study conducted in Ga West municipality, Ghana...
2018: BMC Nursing
Charles Ampong Adjei, Collins Sarpong, Priscilla Adumoah Attafuah, Ninon P Amertil, Yaw Abayie Akosah
Background: Clinical practicum is an integral part of nursing education because it provides students with opportunities to perform nursing care and practice specific nursing tasks. In Ghana, little is known about the experiences of baccalaureate student nurses with regard to intra-semester clinical practicum. This study therefore, explored perceptions, challenges, and how the intra-semester clinical practicum affects the learning process of student nurses in a private university in Ghana...
2018: BMC Nursing
Leanne S Cowin, Robyn Moroney
Background: Sessional academic staff are an important part of nursing education. Increases in casualisation of the academic workforce continue and satisfaction with the job role is an important bench mark for quality curricula delivery and influences recruitment and retention. This study examined relations between four job constructs - organisation fit, organisation support, staff role and job satisfaction for Sessional Academic Staff at a School of Nursing by creating two path analysis models...
2018: BMC Nursing
Michelle Lobchuk, Lisa Hoplock, Gayle Halas, Christina West, Cheryl Dika, Wilma Schroeder, Terri Ashcroft, Kathleen Chambers Clouston, Jocelyne Lemoine
Background: Lifestyle counseling is described as a "major breakthrough" in the control of chronic diseases. Counseling can be challenging to nurses due their lack of motivation to counsel, hesitancy to appear non-judgmental, lack of empathy, and lack of time. Nurses voice their need for more training in counseling communication skills. Our main objective was to engage in ongoing development and testing of a promising Heart Health Whispering perspective-taking intervention on nursing students' clinical empathy, perceptual understanding, and client readiness to alter health risk behaviors...
2018: BMC Nursing
Merete Furnes, Kari Sofie Kvaal, Sevald Høye
Background: It is important that mental health nursing students at Bachelor level obtain effective communication skills. Many students dread the fact that in the mental health field they will encounter patients and relatives with various backgrounds and personalities. Large classes and limited teaching resources in nursing education are challenging. To prepare students for mental health nursing practice, a communication skills course based on the blended learning method was developed and carried out at two different campuses...
2018: BMC Nursing
Katarina Sjögren Forss, Jane Nilsson, Gunilla Borglin
Background: The evaluation and treatment of older people's nutritional care is generally viewed as a low priority by nurses. However, given that eating and drinking are fundamental human activities, the support and enhancement of an optimal nutritional status should be regarded as a vital part of nursing. Registered nurses must therefore be viewed as having an important role in assessing and evaluating the nutritional needs of older people as well as the ability to intervene in cases of malnutrition...
2018: BMC Nursing
Kyoko Yoshioka-Maeda, Takafumi Katayama, Misa Shiomi, Noriko Hosoya
Background: Developing health services is a key strategy for improving the community health provided by public health nurses. However, an effective educational program for improving their skills in planning such services has not been developed. To describe our program and its evaluation protocol for the education of middle-level public health nurses to improve their skills in developing new health services to fulfil community health needs in Japan. Methods: In this randomized control trial, eligible participants in Japan will be randomly allocated to an intervention group and a control wait-list group...
2018: BMC Nursing
M I Loft, B A Esbensen, K Kirk, L Pedersen, B Martinsen, H Iversen, L L Mathiesen, I Poulsen
Background: During the past two decades, attempts have been made to describe nurses' contributions to the rehabilitation of inpatients following stroke. There is currently a lack of interventions that integrate the diversity of nurses' role and functions in stroke rehabilitation and explore their effect on patient outcomes. Using a systematic evidence- and theory-based design, we developed an educational programme, Rehabilitation 24/7, for nursing staff working in stroke rehabilitation aiming at two target behaviours; working systematically with a rehabilitative approach in all aspects of patient care and working deliberately and systematically with patients' goals...
2018: BMC Nursing
Genevieve Currie, Aliyah Dosani, Shahirose S Premji, Sandra M Reilly, Abhay K Lodha, Marilyn Young
Background: Public health nurses (PHNs) care for and support late preterm infants (LPIs) and their families when they go home from the hospital. PHNs require evidence-informed guidelines to ensure appropriate and consistent care. The objective of this research study is to capture the lived experience of PHNs caring for LPIs in the community as a first step to improving the quality of care for LPIs and support for their parents. Methods: To meet our objectives we chose a descriptive phenomenology approach as a method of inquiry...
2018: BMC Nursing
Sohila Seifi, Alireza Khatony, Gholamreza Moradi, Alireza Abdi, Farid Najafi
Background: Heart surgery patients are more at risk of poor peripheral perfusion, and peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) measurement is regular care for continuous analysis of blood oxygen saturation in these patients. With regard to controversial studies on accuracy of the current pulse oximetry probes and lack of data related to patients undergoing heart surgery, the present study was conducted to determine accuracy of pulse oximetry probes of finger, toe, forehead and earlobe in detection of oxygen saturation in patients admitted to intensive care units for coronary artery bypass surgery...
2018: BMC Nursing
Werku Etafa, Zeleke Argaw, Endalew Gemechu, Belachew Melese
Background: The presence or absence of pressure ulcers has been generally regarded as a performance measure of quality nursing care and overall patient health. The aim of this study- wasto explorenurses' attitude about pressure ulcer prevention'and to identify staff nurses' perceived barriers to pressure ulcer prevention public hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: A self-reported multi-center institutional based cross sectional study design was employed to collect data from staff nurses ( N  = 222) working in six (6) selected public hospitals in Addis Ababa, from April 01-28/2015...
2018: BMC Nursing
Sabine Homeyer, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Peter Hingst, Roman F Oppermann, Adina Dreier-Wolfgramm
Background: To ensure high quality patient care an effective interprofessional collaboration between healthcare professionals is required. Interprofessional education (IPE) has a positive impact on team work in daily health care practice. Nevertheless, there are various challenges for sustainable implementation of IPE. To identify enablers and barriers of IPE for medical and nursing students as well as to specify impacts of IPE for both professions, the 'Cooperative academical regional evidence-based Nursing Study in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania' (Care-N Study M-V) was conducted...
2018: BMC Nursing
Brigid M Gillespie, Emma B Harbeck, Karin Falk-Brynhildsen, Ulrica Nilsson, Maria Jaensson
Background: Throughout many countries, professional bodies rely on yearly self-assessment of competence for ongoing registration; therefore, nursing competence is pivotal to safe clinical practice. Our aim was to describe and compare perioperative nurses' perceptions of competence in four countries, while examining the effect of specialist education and years of experience in the operating room. Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of cross-sectional surveys from four countries including; Australia, Canada, Scotland, and Sweden...
2018: BMC Nursing
Kolsoum Deldar, Razieh Froutan, Abbas Ebadi
Background: One helpful strategy adopted for pain management in non-verbal, intubated patients is the use of a proper pain assessment scale. The purpose of the present study is to achieve a better and deeper understanding of the existing nurses' challenges in using pain assessment scales among patients unable to communicate. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted using content analysis. Purposive sampling was used to select the participants and continued until data saturation...
2018: BMC Nursing
Demlie Belete Endeshaw, Lema Derseh Gezie, Hedija Yenus Yeshita
Background: Motherhood is a time of anticipation of joy for a woman, her family, and her community. In spite of this fact, it is not as enjoyable as it should be because of numerous reasons. Insufficiency or lack of birth preparedness and complication readiness is the most common reason. The aim of this study was to assess the practice of birth preparedness and complication readiness and associated factors among pregnant women in Tehuledere district, northeast Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Tehuledere district, northeast Ethiopia...
2018: BMC Nursing
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