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BMC Medical Education

Meng Shi, Li Liu, Xiao Sun, Lie Wang
BACKGROUND: Research on symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in medical students is rather scant. Studying the disorder in this population, especially its associations with positive psychological constructs can further the understanding of mental health in future physicians. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the prevalence of ADHD symptoms in medical students, to examine the relationships between ADHD symptoms and life satisfaction, and to explore the mediating role of resilience on the associations...
July 13, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Tracey Smythe, Grace Le, Rosalind Owen, Birhanu Ayana, Linda Hansen, Christopher Lavy
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is a common congenital musculoskeletal disorder that causes mobility impairment. There is a lack of trained mid-level personnel to provide clubfoot treatment in Africa and there is no standard training course. This prospective study describes the collaborative and participatory approach to the development of a training course for the treatment of clubfoot in children in resource constrained settings. METHODS: We used a systems approach to evaluate the development of the training course...
July 13, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Khurram Mustafa, Carolyn Czoski Murray, Emma Nicklin, Adam Glaser, Jacqueline Andrews
BACKGROUND: Child Health research is reported to be at worryingly low level by the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. Recent survey showed that 54.5% of paediatric consultants in the United Kingdom do not do any research at all. We conducted a mixed methods study to understand barriers and facilitators for research involvement among paediatric trainees who are going to fill these consultant posts in the future. METHODS: A questionnaire based on a validated index for research and development was completed by 136 paediatric trainees within a region in the North of England (Yorkshire and Humber)...
July 13, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Olawunmi Akinla, Pamela Hagan, William Atiomo
Following publication of the original article [1], the author reported incorrect referencing in Table 1 as the references of the papers in the table don't match with the text.
July 13, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Timothy M Rawson, Prasanthi Sivakumaran, Rhannon Lobo, Gheed Mahir, Adam Rossiter, Jeremy Levy, Alison H McGregor, Martin Lupton, Graham Easton, Dipender Gill
BACKGROUND: We report the development and evaluation of a web-based tool designed to facilitate student extra-curricular engagement in medical research through project matching students with academic supervisors. UK based university students were surveyed to explore their perceptions of undergraduate research, barriers and facilitators to current engagement. Following this, an online web-based intervention ( ) was developed to support access of students to research projects and supervisors...
July 13, 2018: BMC Medical Education
M E Kelly, F Patterson, S O'Flynn, J Mulligan, A W Murphy
Following publication of the original article [1], the author report typographical errors in the.
July 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Cheng-Maw Ho, Jann-Yuan Wang, Chi-Chuan Yeh, Yao-Ming Wu, Ming-Chih Ho, Rey-Heng Hu, Po-Huang Lee
BACKGROUND: Liver recipients may develop various diseases after transplant. However, because of inadequate study of liver transplant during undergraduate education, the quality of post-transplant care provided to these patients remains suboptimal. Herein, we introduce an innovative and integrated multimodal pedagogical approach to effectively disseminate key information regarding liver transplant to undergraduate students. The goal is to examine this approach through students' assessment in multiple dimensions...
July 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Sarah Barber, Rachel Brettell, Rafael Perera-Salazar, Trisha Greenhalgh, Richard Harrington
BACKGROUND: Against the background of the recruitment crisis in general practice, we aimed to determine what United Kingdom (UK) medical students value in their future careers, how they perceive careers in general practice (GP) and what influences them. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 280 final and penultimate year medical students at the University of Oxford, with questions relating to career choices, factors of importance when choosing a career and attitudes towards general practice as a career...
July 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Apichai Wattanapisit, Titiporn Tuangratananon, Sanhapan Thanamee
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a global public health challenge. Physical activity (PA) promotion in healthcare delivery systems is effective to reduce physical inactivity. A primary care setting provides an appropriate environment for PA counseling since it is a primary contact with primary care or family physicians encounter the majority of the population. Lack of knowledge and inadequate training in PA counseling is one of the most important barriers to PA promotion. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate PA counseling training in primary care residency programs...
July 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Daniela Vogel, Marco Meyer, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Verbal and non-verbal aspects of communication as well as empathy are known to have an important impact on the medical encounter. The aim of the study was to analyze how well final year undergraduate medical students use skills of verbal and non-verbal communication during history-taking and whether these aspects of communication correlate with empathy and gender. METHODS: During a three steps performance assessment simulating the first day of a resident 30 medical final year students took histories of five simulated patients resulting in 150 videos of physician-patient encounters...
July 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Emily Zimmerman, Catherine Borkowski, Stephanie Clark, Phil Brown
BACKGROUND: The goals of this study were (1) to determine early intervention (EI) Speech-Language Pathologists' (SLPs) level of training and knowledge on environmental toxicants and their effect on infant and child development; and (2) to examine the effectiveness of a continuing education (CE) event designed to enhance the knowledge of EI SLPs on environmental toxicants and their effects on child development. METHODS: A survey was launched via Qualtrics and posted on the American Speech-Language Hearing Association's Early Intervention Community page to assess environmental health knowledge of SLPs...
July 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Maryam Amiri, Zahra Khademian, Reza Nikandish
BACKGROUND: The complexity of patients' condition and treatment processes in intensive care units (ICUs) predisposes patients to more hazardous events. Effective patient safety culture is related to lowering the rate of patients' complications and fewer adverse events. The present study aimed to determine the effect of empowering nurses and supervisors through an educational program on patient safety culture in adult ICUs. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted during April-September 2015 in 6 adult ICUs at Namazi Hospital, Shiraz, Iran...
July 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Jo Horsburgh, Kate Ippolito
BACKGROUND: Role modelling is widely accepted as being a highly influential teaching and learning method in medical education but little attention is given to understanding how students learn from role models. This study focuses on role modelling as an active, dynamic process, involving observational learning and aims to explore the process involved, including strategies that learners and medical teachers use to support this. METHODS: To gain insight into medical students' and clinical teachers' understanding of learning through role modelling, a qualitative, interpretative methodology was adopted, using one-to-one semi-structured interviews...
July 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Claus Hedebo Bisgaard, Sune Leisgaard Mørck Rubak, Svein Aage Rodt, Jens Aage Kølsen Petersen, Peter Musaeus
BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread implementation of competency-based education, evidence of ensuing enhanced patient care and cost-benefit remains scarce. This narrative review uses the Kirkpatrick/Phillips model to investigate the patient-related and organizational effects of graduate competency-based medical education for five basic anesthetic procedures. METHODS: The MEDLINE, ERIC, CINAHL, and Embase databases were searched for papers reporting results in Kirkpatrick/Phillips levels 3-5 from graduate competency-based education for five basic anesthetic procedures...
June 28, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Rob Sanson-Fisher, Breanne Hobden, Amy Waller, Natalie Dodd, Lucy Boyd
BACKGROUND: Patient-clinician communication training is a core component of the undergraduate medical program. As with all areas of medicine, the best available evidence for teaching these skills should be incorporated into training programs. Examining the volume, type and design-quality of publications in this field can help to determine whether research is following a natural scientific progression to inform interactional skills training. This study aimed to review: (i) whether the proportion of publications examining teaching interactional skills to undergraduate medical students by study type, across three time-periods (2007-2008, 2011-2012, 2015-2016), changed over time (i...
June 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Thomas J G Chase, Adam Julius, Joht Singh Chandan, Emily Powell, Charles S Hall, Benedict Lyle Phillips, Ryan Burnett, Deborah Gill, Bimbi Fernando
BACKGROUND: Mobile learning (mLearning) devices (such as tablets and smartphones) are increasingly part of the clinical environment but there is a limited and somewhat conflicting literature regarding the impact of such devices in the clinical learning environment. This study aims to: assess the impact of mLearning devices in the clinical learning environment on medical students' studying habits, attitudes towards mobile device supported learning; and the perceived reaction of clinicians and patients to the use of these devices as part of learning in the clinical setting...
June 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Marie Claire Van Hout, Des Crowley, Aoife McBride, Ide Delargy
BACKGROUND: Work based learning underpins the training and CPD of medical practitioners. Medical audit operates on two levels; individual self-assessment and professional/practice development. In Ireland, annual practice improvement audit is an essential requirement for the successful completion of continuous professional development (CPD) as determined by the regulatory body, the Irish Medical Council. All general practice (GP) doctors providing methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in Ireland have a contractual obligation to partake in a yearly methadone practice audit...
June 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Robin A Ray, Louise Young, Daniel Lindsay
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades medical schools have increased rural practice learning opportunities for students in an effort to improve recruitment to the rural workforce. James Cook University's (JCU) medical school was established in northern Australia in 2000 with a specific focus on meeting the health needs of people in rural and remote areas. As part of a longitudinal study this paper explores the situational and motivational learning factors contributing to the development of JCU's medical students' understanding of and approaches to rural medical practice...
June 22, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Nicolas Delvaux, Martine Goossens, Paul Van Royen, Stijn Van de Velde, Robert Vanderstichele, Hanne Cloetens, Jan Vanschoenbeek, Bert Aertgeerts
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether it is feasible to involve residents in guideline development or adaptation. We designed a multifaceted training program that combines training sessions, a handbook and a documentation tool to assist general practice (GP)-trainees in the adaptation of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). The aim of this study is to adapt a database of CPGs by involving GP-trainees and to build evidence-based practice (EBP) learning capacity. METHODS: We assessed each adaptation process and surveyed all GP-trainees who enrolled in our training program on their views on the program...
June 22, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Stephen J Wolf, Tai M Lockspeiser, Jennifer Gong, Gretchen Guiton
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify foundational non-clinical attributes expected of medical school graduates to be successful in residency. METHODS: We conducted a three-round modified Delphi study with snowball sampling of experienced medical educators. In Round 1, respondents rated 28 attributes identified from a literature search. Additional attributes were proposed through invited comments. In Round 2, respondents expressed their agreement with advanced attribute definitions and examples...
June 22, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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