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BMC Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923048/implementation-of-a-smartphone-application-in-medical-education-a-randomised-trial-istart
#1
Felipe Martínez, Catalina Tobar, Carla Taramasco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923046/short-duration-podcasts-as-a-supplementary-learning-tool-perceptions-of-medical-students-and-impact-on-assessment-performance
#2
S S Prakash, N Muthuraman, R Anand
BACKGROUND: Use of podcasts has several advantages in medical education. Podcasts can be of different types based on their length: short (1-5 min), moderate (6-15 min) and long (>15 min) duration. Short-duration podcasts are unique since they can deliver high-yield information in a short time. The perceptions of medical students towards short-duration podcasts are not well understood and this study aimed to analyze the same. An exploratory analysis of students' podcast usage and performance in summative assessments was also undertaken...
September 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923042/the-potential-of-a-self-assessment-tool-to-identify-healthcare-professionals-strengths-and-areas-in-need-of-professional-development-to-aid-effective-facilitation-of-group-based-person-centered-diabetes-education
#3
Vibeke Stenov, Gitte Wind, Timothy Skinner, Susanne Reventlow, Nana Folmann Hempler
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals' person-centered communication skills are pivotal for successful group-based diabetes education. However, healthcare professionals are often insufficiently equipped to facilitate person-centeredness and many have never received post-graduate training. Currently, assessing professionals' skills in conducting group-based, person-centered diabetes education primarily focus on experts measuring and coding skills on various scales. However, learner-centered approaches such as adequate self-reflective tools have been shown to emphasize professional autonomy and promote engagement...
September 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915871/virtual-patients-in-the-acquisition-of-clinical-reasoning-skills-does-presentation-mode-matter-a-quasi-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Fabian Schubach, Matthias Goos, Götz Fabry, Werner Vach, Martin Boeker
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to compare two different instructional methods in the curricular use of computerized virtual patients in undergraduate medical education. We aim to investigate whether using many short and focused cases - the key feature principle - is more effective for the learning of clinical reasoning skills than using few long and systematic cases. METHODS: We conducted a quasi-randomized, non-blinded, controlled parallel-group intervention trial in a large medical school in Southwestern Germany...
September 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915870/descriptors-for-unprofessional-behaviours-of-medical-students-a-systematic-review-and-categorisation
#5
Marianne Mak-van der Vossen, Walther van Mook, Stéphanie van der Burgt, Joyce Kors, Johannes C F Ket, Gerda Croiset, Rashmi Kusurkar
BACKGROUND: Developing professionalism is a core task in medical education. Unfortunately, it has remained difficult for educators to identify medical students' unprofessionalism, because, among other reasons, there are no commonly adopted descriptors that can be used to document students' unprofessional behaviour. This study aimed to generate an overview of descriptors for unprofessional behaviour based on research evidence of real-life unprofessional behaviours of medical students. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted searching PubMed, Ebsco/ERIC, Ebsco/PsycINFO and Embase...
September 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903733/increasing-confidence-and-changing-behaviors-in-primary-care-providers-engaged-in-genetic-counselling
#6
Michael S Wilkes, Frank C Day, Tonya L Fancher, Haley McDermott, Erik Lehman, Robert A Bell, Michael J Green
BACKGROUND: Screening and counseling for genetic conditions is an increasingly important part of primary care practice, particularly given the paucity of genetic counselors in the United States. However, primary care physicians (PCPs) often have an inadequate understanding of evidence-based screening; communication approaches that encourage shared decision-making; ethical, legal, and social implication (ELSI) issues related to screening for genetic mutations; and the basics of clinical genetics...
September 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899390/-if-it-s-a-medical-issue-i-would-have-covered-it-by-now-learning-about-fibromyalgia-through-the-hidden-curriculum-a-qualitative-study
#7
V Silverwood, C A Chew-Graham, I Raybould, B Thomas, S Peters
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a long-term condition that affects between 1 and 5% of the general population and lies within the spectrum of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). FMS can be difficult to diagnose and is usually done so as a diagnosis of exclusion. There is continuing debate regarding its legitimacy excluding other causes of symptoms. It is known that the diagnosis and management of MUS, including FMS, receives little attention in medical curricula and attitudes towards patients with FMS amongst medical professionals and trainees can be negative...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899383/paediatric-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-program-in-latin-america-the-ribepci-experience
#8
Jesús López-Herce, Martha M Matamoros, Luis Moya, Enma Almonte, Diana Coronel, Javier Urbano, Ángel Carrillo, Jimena Del Castillo, Santiago Mencía, Ramón Moral, Flora Ordoñez, Carlos Sánchez, Lina Lagos, María Johnson, Ovidio Mendoza, Sandra Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: To describe the design and to present the results of a paediatric and neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training program adapted to Latin-America. METHODS: A paediatric CPR coordinated training project was set up in several Latin-American countries with the instructional and scientific support of the Spanish Group for Paediatric and Neonatal CPR. The program was divided into four phases: CPR training and preparation of instructors; training for instructors; supervised teaching; and independent teaching...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899380/hotspots-in-research-on-the-measurement-of-medical-students-clinical-competence-from-2012-2016-based-on-co-word-analysis
#9
Xing Chang, Xin Zhou, Linzhi Luo, Chengjia Yang, Hui Pan, Shuyang Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify hotspots in research on clinical competence measurements from 2012 to 2016. METHODS: The authors retrieved literature published between 2012 and 2016 from PubMed using selected medical subject headings (MeSH) terms. They used BibExcel software to generate high-frequency MeSH terms and identified hotspots by co-word analysis and cluster analysis. RESULTS: The authors searched 588 related articles and identified 31 high-frequency MeSH terms...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899378/prevalence-rates-of-childhood-trauma-in-medical-students-a-systematic-review
#10
Eimear King, Claire Steenson, Ciaran Shannon, Ciaran Mulholland
BACKGROUND: It is known that medical students suffer from high rates of mental health difficulties. In recent years there has been an increasing focus on the need to improve support and treatment services for those in difficulty. In order to meet these needs it is important to clarify the relevant aetiological factors. There is robust evidence from general population studies that a history of childhood trauma (including physical and sexual abuse and emotional neglect) predisposes to the subsequent development of mental health difficulties in adult life...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893241/evidence-based-selection-process-to-the-master-of-public-health-program-at-medical-university
#11
Mariusz Panczyk, Grzegorz Juszczyk, Aleksander Zarzeka, Łukasz Samoliński, Jarosława Belowska, Ilona Cieślak, Joanna Gotlib
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the predictive validity of selected sociodemographic factors and admission criteria for Master's studies in Public Health at the Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw (MUW). METHODS: For the evaluation purposes recruitment data and learning results of students enrolled between 2008 and 2012 were used (N = 605, average age 22.9 ± 3.01). The predictive analysis was performed using the multiple linear regression method...
September 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893238/monitoring-progression-of-clinical-reasoning-skills-during-health-sciences-education-using-the-case-method-a-qualitative-observational-study
#12
Kristina Orban, Maria Ekelin, Gudrun Edgren, Olof Sandgren, Pia Hovbrandt, Eva K Persson
BACKGROUND: Outcome- or competency-based education is well established in medical and health sciences education. Curricula are based on courses where students develop their competences and assessment is also usually course-based. Clinical reasoning is an important competence, and the aim of this study was to monitor and describe students' progression in professional clinical reasoning skills during health sciences education using observations of group discussions following the case method...
September 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886737/students-as-anatomy-near-peer-teachers-a-double-edged-sword-for-an-ancient-skill
#13
Nomy Dickman, Alon Barash, Shmuel Reis, David Karasik
BACKGROUND: A near-peer instructors (NPI) program was designed for 1st year medical students who successfully finished the Anatomy course, in order to develop their didactic ability and teaching skills, mostly for cadaver dissection. METHODS: Graduates of the training program were administered a voluntary survey at the end of the program, annually. Best graduates of the training program were offered a NPI position in the next academic year. They were evaluated by the first-year students, at the end of the Anatomy block...
September 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882189/competencies-for-first-year-residents-physicians-views-from-medical-schools-with-different-undergraduate-curricula
#14
Sophie Fürstenberg, Kristina Schick, Jana Deppermann, Sarah Prediger, Pascal O Berberat, Martina Kadmon, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Frameworks like the CanMEDS model depicting professional roles and specific professional activities provide guidelines for postgraduate education. When medical graduates start their residency, they should possess certain competencies related to communication, management and professionalism while other competencies will be refined during postgraduate training. Our study aimed to evaluate the relevance of different competencies for a first year resident required for entrustment decision from the perspective of physicians from medical faculties with different undergraduate medical curricula...
September 7, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882184/modified-task-based-learning-program-promotes-problem-solving-capacity-among-chinese-medical-postgraduates-a-mixed-quantitative-survey
#15
Yanping Tian, Chengren Li, Jiali Wang, Qiyan Cai, Hanzhi Wang, Xingshu Chen, Yunlai Liu, Feng Mei, Lan Xiao, Rui Jian, Hongli Li
BACKGROUND: Despite great advances, China's postgraduate education faces many problems, for example traditional lecture-based learning (LBL) method provides fewer oppotunities to apply knowledge in a working situation. Task-based learning (TBL) is an efficient strategy for increasing the connections among skills, knowledge and competences. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a modified TBL model on problem-solving abilities among postgraduate medical students in China. METHODS: We allocated 228 first-year postgraduate students at Third Military Medical University into two groups: the TBL group and LBL group...
September 7, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882154/evaluation-of-continuing-education-of-family-health-strategy-teams-for-the-early-identification-of-suspected-cases-of-cancer-in-children
#16
Ana Maria Aranha Magalhaes Costa, Cynthia Magluta, Saint Clair Gomes Junior
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the influence of continuing education of family health strategy teams by the Ronald McDonald Institute program on the early diagnosis of cancer in children and adolescents. METHODS: The study applied Habicht's model to evaluate the adequacy and plausibility of continuing education by using as outcome the number of children with suspected cancer who were referred to the hospital of references in the 1 year before and 1 year after intervention and the number of patients referred by intervention group and control group family health strategy teams...
September 7, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874191/internet-or-dvd-for-distance-learning-to-isolated-rural-health-professionals-what-is-the-best-approach
#17
Lanto Barthelemy Rakototiana, Rajabo, Serge Gottot
BACKGROUND: Distance Learning (DL) is a means to overcome the barriers that prevent health workers access to medical education and training sessions to update their knowledge. The main objective of this study is to compare the knowledge acquisition among practitioners Heads of Health Based Center (HBC) for the management of hypertension in two training modalities, one interactive, via internet (by Visio conferencing and video Conferencing), and other non-interactive, via DVD in the three regions (Miarinarivo, Moramanga and Manjakandriana) of Madagascar...
September 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870187/participation-in-a-scientific-pre-university-program-and-medical-students-interest-in-an-academic-career
#18
Wendy E de Leng, Karen M Stegers-Jager, Marise Ph Born, Maarten A Frens, Axel P N Themmen
BACKGROUND: The proportion of medical doctors involved in research activities is declining. Undergraduate medical research programs are positively associated with medical students' research interest. Scientific pre-university programs (SPUPs) outside the medical domain are also positively associated with research interest, but have not been related to the shortage of clinician-scientists. This study examined the effect of an SPUP on medical students' research interest. METHODS: This study was conducted at a Dutch medical school...
September 5, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870176/toward-a-better-judgment-of-item-relevance-in-progress-testing
#19
Xandra M C Janssen-Brandt, Arno M M Muijtjens, Dominique M A Sluijsmans
BACKGROUND: Items must be relevant to ensure item quality and test validity. Since "item relevance" has not been operationalized yet, we developed a rubric to define it. This study explores the influence of this rubric on the assessment of item relevance and on inter-rater agreement. METHODS: Members of the item review committee (RC) and students, teachers, and alumni (STA) reassessed the relevance of 50 previously used progress test (PT) items and decided about their inclusion using a 5-criteria rubric...
September 5, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859651/video-based-feedback-as-a-method-for-training-rural-healthcare-workers-to-manage-medical-emergencies-a-pilot-study
#20
Zainab Oseni, Hla Hla Than, Edyta Kolakowska, Lauren Chalmers, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Video-based feedback has been shown to aid knowledge retention, skills learning and improve team functionality. We explored the use of video-based feedback and low fidelity simulation for training rural healthcare workers along the Thailand-Myanmar border and Papua New Guinea (PNG) to manage medical emergencies effectively. METHODS: Twenty-four study participants were recruited from three Shoklo Malaria Research Unit clinics along the Thailand-Myanmar border and eight participants from Kudjip Nazarene Hospital, PNG...
August 31, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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