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BMC Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923368/what-do-beginning-students-in-a-rurally-focused-medical-course-think-about-rural-practice
#1
Louise Young, Daniel B Lindsay, Robin A Ray
BACKGROUND: Medical schools may select students for their attitudes towards rural medical practice, yet the rural-urban disparity in availability of medical practitioners and services has not diminished in recent times despite government initiatives and increasing numbers being trained for a career in medicine. One medical school, with a focus on rural and remote medicine, aims to select students with positive perceptions for rural medical practice. A research project collected data on the perceptions of these medical students in the first week of their medical studies...
December 7, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919251/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sensory-awareness-training-and-additional-motor-practice-for-learning-scalpel-skills-in-podiatry-students
#2
Ryan S Causby, Michelle N McDonnell, Lloyd Reed, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: The process of using a scalpel, like all other motor activities, is dependent upon the successful integration of afferent (sensory), cognitive and efferent (motor) processes. During learning of these skills, even if motor practice is carefully monitored there is still an inherent risk involved. It is also possible that this strategy could reinforce high levels of anxiety experienced by the student and affect student self-efficacy, causing detrimental effects on motor learning...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905932/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-instrument-clinical-learning-environment-and-supervision-for-medical-students-in-primary-health-care
#3
Eva Öhman, Hassan Alinaghizadeh, Päivi Kaila, Håkan Hult, Gunnar H Nilsson, Helena Salminen
BACKGROUND: Clinical learning takes place in complex socio-cultural environments that are workplaces for the staff and learning places for the students. In the clinical context, the students learn by active participation and in interaction with the rest of the community at the workplace. Clinical learning occurs outside the university, therefore is it important for both the university and the student that the student is given opportunities to evaluate the clinical placements with an instrument that allows evaluation from many perspectives...
December 1, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894285/implementing-an-electronic-learning-management-system-for-an-ophthalmology-residency-program
#4
EDITORIAL
Nicholas R Mahoney, Michael V Boland, Pradeep Y Ramulu, Divya Srikumaran
BACKGROUND: Medical educators, residents and administrators have increasing access to a large quantity of electronic resources. This content can augment and improve our teaching methods but can be difficult to consolidate and present. A multitude of electronic learning management systems are available to help organize and serve this content though never with small residency programs as the target userbase. As our residency program in Ophthalmology looked to consolidate our electronic resources and update our education methods, we evaluated and built an electronic learning management platform...
November 29, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887622/learning-to-care-medical-students-reported-value-and-evaluation-of-palliative-care-teaching-involving-meeting-patients-and-reflective-writing
#5
EDITORIAL
Erica Borgstrom, Rachel Morris, Diana Wood, Simon Cohn, Stephen Barclay
BACKGROUND: Over recent years there has been an increase in teaching of both palliative care and reflective practice in UK medical schools. The palliative care teaching at the University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine is multi-faceted and involves students writing reflective essays after individually meeting patients approaching the end of life during their final year general practice and hospital medicine placements. This paper draws on two studies examining this teaching element to analyse what the students found valuable about it and to comment on the practice of meeting patients and subsequent reflective writing...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887620/anatomy-meets-dentistry-linking-anatomy-and-clinical-practice-in-the-preclinical-dental-curriculum
#6
Nicole Rafai, Martin Lemos, Lieven Nils Kennes, Ayichah Hawari, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép, Irmgard Classen-Linke
BACKGROUND: Establishing a strong link early on between preclinical coursework and the clinical context is necessary for students to be able to recognize the practical relevance of the curriculum during their preclinical anatomical courses and to transfer knowledge more easily. Our objective was to enhance the clinical relevance of a preclinical anatomy course for second-year medical students of dentistry by implementing an interdisciplinary skills training course on "Palpation of the Head and Neck Muscles" and to measure the learning outcomes...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884194/global-health-education-in-germany-an-analysis-of-current-capacity-needs-and-barriers
#7
Ioannis Kaffes, Fabian Moser, Miriam Pham, Aenne Oetjen, Maya Fehling
BACKGROUND: In times of increasing global challenges to health, it is crucial to create a workforce capable of tackling these complex issues. Even though a lack of GHE in Germany is perceived by multiple stakeholders, no systematic analysis of the current landscape exists. The aim of this study is to provide an analysis of the global health education (GHE) capacity in Germany as well as to identify gaps, barriers and future strategies. METHODS: An online search in combination with information provided by student representatives, course coordinators and lecturers was used to create an overview of the current GHE landscape in Germany...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881178/measuring-stress-in-medical-education-validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-higher-education-stress-inventory-with-medical-students
#8
Eun-Jung Shim, Hong Jin Jeon, Hana Kim, Kwang-Min Lee, Dooyoung Jung, Hae-Lim Noh, Myoung-Sun Roh, Bong-Jin Hahm
BACKGROUND: Medical students face a variety of stressors associated with their education; if not promptly identified and adequately dealt with, it may bring about several negative consequences in terms of mental health and academic performance. This study examined psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Higher Education Stress Inventory (K-HESI). METHODS: The reliability and validity of the K-HESI were examined in a large scale multi-site survey involving 7110 medical students...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881123/reflective-practice-and-its-role-in-facilitating-creative-responses-to-dilemmas-within-clinical-communication-a-qualitative-analysis
#9
Gabriele Lutz, Gudrun Roling, Bettina Berger, Friedrich Edelhäuser, Christian Scheffer
BACKGROUND: Good communication is a major factor in delivering high quality in care. Research indicates that current communication skills training alone might not sufficiently enable students to find context-specific creative solutions to individual complex personal and interpersonal challenges in the clinical context. This study explores medical students' experiences with real communication dilemmas in a facilitated group setting. The aims were to gain a better understanding of whether and, if so, how reflective practice can enhance students' ability to find creative individual solutions in difficult communication situations and to identify factors within the reflective setting that foster their creative competency...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881121/knowledge-is-not-enough-to-solve-the-problems-the-role-of-diagnostic-knowledge-in-clinical-reasoning-activities
#10
Jan Kiesewetter, Rene Ebersbach, Nike Tsalas, Matthias Holzer, Ralf Schmidmaier, Martin R Fischer
BACKGROUND: Clinical reasoning is a key competence in medicine. There is a lack of knowledge, how non-experts like medical students solve clinical problems. It is known that they have difficulties applying conceptual knowledge to clinical cases, that they lack metacognitive awareness and that higher level cognitive actions correlate with diagnostic accuracy. However, the role of conceptual, strategic, conditional, and metacognitive knowledge for clinical reasoning is unknown. METHODS: Medical students (n = 21) were exposed to three different clinical cases and instructed to use the think-aloud method...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881120/a-scoping-review-of-medical-professionalism-research-published-in-the-chinese-language
#11
Xin Wang, Julie Shih, Fen-Ju Kuo, Ming-Jung Ho
BACKGROUND: The Chinese Medical Doctors Association (CMDA) adopted the Charter of Medical Professionalism in the New Millennium (Charter) and published the Chinese Medical Doctor Declaration (Declaration). This is an important step to re-building medical professionalism in China at a time when the commercialization of health care has led to a decline in physician accountability and public trust in the profession. In response, authors have begun to examine and promote medical professionalism in China...
November 23, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876043/medical-education-in-a-foreign-language-and-history-taking-in-the-native-language-in-lebanon-a-nationwide-survey
#12
Vanda Abi Raad, Kareem Raad, Yazan Daaboul, Serge Korjian, Nadia Asmar, Mouin Jammal, Sola Aoun Bahous
BACKGROUND: With the adoption of the English language in medical education, a gap in clinical communication may develop in countries where the native language is different from the language of medical education. This study investigates the association between medical education in a foreign language and students' confidence in their history-taking skills in their native language. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of a 17-question survey among medical students in clinical clerkships of Lebanese medical schools...
November 22, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876033/genital-examination-training-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-an-integrated-female-and-male-teaching-programme
#13
Lynn McBain, Susan Pullon, Sue Garrett, Kath Hoare
BACKGROUND: Learning to undertake intimate female and male examinations is an important part of medical student training but opportunities to participate in practical, supervised learning in a safe environment can be limited. A collaborative, integrated training programme to provide such learning was developed by two university teaching departments and a specialist sexual health service, utilising teaching associates trained for intimate examinations in a simulated clinical educational setting...
November 22, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871287/perspectives-on-death-and-dying-a-study-of-resident-comfort-with-end-of-life-care
#14
Jessica M Schmit, Lynne E Meyer, Jennifer M Duff, Yunfeng Dai, Fei Zou, Julia L Close
BACKGROUND: Despite the benefits to early palliative care in the treatment of terminal illness, barriers to timely hospice referrals exist. Physicians who are more comfortable having end-of-life (EOL) conversations are more likely to refer to hospice. However, very little is known about what factors influence comfort with EOL care. METHODS: An anonymous survey was sent to all the residents and fellows at a single institution. Self-reported education, experience and comfort with EOL care was assessed...
November 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871276/the-future-of-global-health-education-training-for-equity-in-global-health
#15
EDITORIAL
Lisa V Adams, Claire M Wagner, Cameron T Nutt, Agnes Binagwaho
BACKGROUND: Among academic institutions in the United States, interest in global health has grown substantially: by the number of students seeking global health opportunities at all stages of training, and by the increase in institutional partnerships and newly established centers, institutes, and initiatives to house global health programs at undergraduate, public health and medical schools. Witnessing this remarkable growth should compel health educators to question whether the training and guidance that we provide to students today is appropriate, and whether it will be applicable in the next decade and beyond...
November 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852293/a-simulation-based-curriculum-to-introduce-key-teamwork-principles-to-entering-medical-students
#16
Arna Banerjee, Jason M Slagle, Nathaniel D Mercaldo, Ray Booker, Anne Miller, Daniel J France, Lisa Rawn, Matthew B Weinger
BACKGROUND: Failures of teamwork and interpersonal communication have been cited as a major patient safety issue. Although healthcare is increasingly being provided in interdisciplinary teams, medical school curricula have traditionally not explicitly included the specific knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors required to function effectively as part of such teams. METHODS: As part of a new "Foundations" core course for beginning medical students that provided a two-week introduction to the most important themes in modern healthcare, a multidisciplinary team, in collaboration with the Center for Experiential Learning and Assessment, was asked to create an experiential introduction to teamwork and interpersonal communication...
November 16, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852292/a-comparison-of-educational-strategies-for-the-acquisition-of-nursing-student-s-performance-and-critical-thinking-simulation-based-training-vs-integrated-training-simulation-and-critical-thinking-strategies
#17
Nahid Zarifsanaiey, Mitra Amini, Farideh Saadat
BACKGROUND: There is a need to change the focus of nursing education from traditional teacher-centered training programs to student-centered active methods. The integration of the two active learning techniques will improve the effectiveness of training programs. The objective of this study is to compare the effects of the integrated training (simulation and critical thinking strategies) and simulation-based training on the performance level and critical thinking ability of nursing students...
November 16, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846882/the-quality-of-feedback-during-formative-osces-depends-on-the-tutors-profile
#18
Noelle Junod Perron, Martine Louis-Simonet, Bernard Cerutti, Eva Pfarrwaller, Johanna Sommer, Mathieu Nendaz
BACKGROUND: During their pre-clinical years, medical students are given the opportunity to practice clinical skills with simulated patients. During these formative objective structured clinical encounters (OSCEs), tutors from various backgrounds give feedback on students' history taking, physical exam, and communication skills. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the content and process of feedback varied according to the tutors' profile. METHODS: During 2013, all 2(nd) and 3(rd) year medical students and tutors involved in three formative OSCEs were asked to fill in questionnaires, and their feedback sessions were audiotaped...
November 15, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842590/the-prevalence-and-cost-of-medical-student-visiting-rotations
#19
Matthew Winterton, Jaimo Ahn, Joseph Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Performance on visiting rotations during the senior year of medical school is consistently cited by residency program directors as a critical factor in selecting residents. Nevertheless, the frequency with which visiting rotations are undertaken and the associated financial costs they impose have not been systematically examined. METHOD: Under the auspices of the Electronic Residency Application Service, a survey was sent in March 2015 to all U.S. applicants for residency programs in the 2014-15 academic year...
November 14, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842580/the-effect-of-written-standardized-feedback-on-the-structure-and-quality-of-surgical-lectures-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Jasmina Sterz, Sebastian H Höfer, Bernd Bender, Maren Janko, Farzin Adili, Miriam Ruesseler
BACKGROUND: Lectures remain an important teaching method to present and structure knowledge to many students concurrently. Adequate measures are necessary to maintain the quality of the lectures. The aim of this study was to determine the impact on the lecture quality using written structured feedback and to compare the ratings of surgical lectures between students and surgical peers. METHODS: Prospective analysis of two consecutive surgical lecture series for undergraduate students at Goethe-University Medical School was performed before and after evaluation of the lecturers via independent written feedback from trained undergraduate students and surgeons...
November 14, 2016: BMC Medical Education
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