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BMC Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343262/what-motivates-medical-students-to-select-medical-studies-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Sonu Goel, Federica Angeli, Nonita Dhirar, Neetu Singla, Dirk Ruwaard
BACKGROUND: There is a significant shortage of health workers across and within countries. It is of utmost importance to determine the factors that motivate students to opt for medical studies. The objective of this study is to group and review all the studies that investigated the motivational factors that underpin students' selection of medical study in recent years. METHODS: The literature search was carried out by two researchers independently in PubMed, Google Scholar, Wiley and IndMED databases for articles published from year 2006 till 2016...
January 17, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334943/training-programmes-to-improve-evidence-uptake-and-utilisation-by-physiotherapists-a-systematic-scoping-review
#2
Jessica Stander, Karen Grimmer, Yolandi Brink
BACKGROUND: Research training programmes are a knowledge translation (KT) intervention which aim to improve research evidence uptake by clinicians. Whilst KT training programmes have been reported to significantly improve evidence uptake by physiotherapists, it is unclear which aspects of training optimally assist KT into physiotherapy practice. The purpose of the review was to establish the body of evidence regarding KT training programmes to improve physiotherapists' use of evidence-based practice (EBP) and clinical practice guidelines (CPG)...
January 15, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334939/choosing-a-career-in-oncology-results-of-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#3
J C Faivre, J E Bibault, A Bellesoeur, J Salleron, M Wack, J Biau, M Cervellera, G Janoray, T Leroy, N Lescut, V Martin, S Molina, B Pichon, C Teyssier, S Thureau, J J Mazeron, H Roché, S Culine
BACKGROUND: Little information is currently available concerning young medical students desire to pursue a career in oncology, or their career expectations. METHODS: This project is a cross-sectional epidemiological study. A voluntary and anonymous questionnaire was distributed to all young oncologists studying in France between the 2nd of October 2013 and the 23rd of February 2014. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 75.6%. A total of 505 young oncologists completed the questionnaire...
January 15, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329529/resilience-and-well-being-of-university-nursing-students-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ka Ming Chow, Wing Ki Fiona Tang, Wing Han Carmen Chan, Wing Hung Janet Sit, Kai Chow Choi, Sally Chan
BACKGROUND: University nursing students experience higher levels of academic stress than those of other disciplines. Academic stress leads to psychological distress and has detrimental effects on well-being. The ability to overcome such adversity and learn to be stronger from the experience is regarded as resilience. Resilience is found to have an impact on learning experience, academic performance, course completion and, in the longer term, professional practice. Resilience and positive coping strategies can resist stress and improve personal well-being...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321068/psychosocial-issues-discovered-through-reflective-group-dialogue-between-medical-students
#5
Shao-Yin Chu, Chi-Wei Lin, Meei-Ju Lin, Chin-Chen Wen
BACKGROUND: The biopsychosocial model is a comprehensive approach emphasizing holistic medical care. However, medical curricula that incorporate narrative reflective writing and group dynamic discussion of psychosocial issues among patients and their family members in reflective dialogue groups are currently underutilized. The aim of this study was to determine psychosocial issues among patients and their family members through medical students' reflective dialogue groups. METHODS: This study was completed as part of a pediatric clerkship...
January 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321024/interprofessional-education-in-graduate-medical-education-survey-study-of-residency-program-directors
#6
Morhaf Al Achkar, Mathew Hanauer, Chantel Colavecchia, Dean A Seehusen
BACKGROUND: The overarching purpose of this study is to examine the current trends in interprofessional education (IPE) within graduate medical education in the Unites States. METHODS: A survey was sent to program directors across with different specialties between March and April 2016. The survey was completed by 233 out of 1757 program directors, which represents a response rate of 13.3%. RESULTS: IPE is currently being used by over 60% of the GME program directors that completed the survey...
January 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304806/enhancing-the-defensibility-of-examiners-marks-in-high-stake-osces
#7
Boaz Shulruf, Arvin Damodaran, Phil Jones, Sean Kennedy, George Mangos, Anthony J O'Sullivan, Joel Rhee, Silas Taylor, Gary Velan, Peter Harris
BACKGROUND: Most assessments in health professions education consist of knowledge-based examinations as well as practical and clinical examinations. Among the most challenging aspects of clinical assessments is decision making related to borderline grades assigned by examiners. Borderline grades are commonly used by examiners when they do not have sufficient information to make clear pass/fail decisions. The interpretation of these borderline grades is rarely discussed in the literature...
January 6, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304801/the-uk-medical-education-database-ukmed-what-is-it-why-and-how-might-you-use-it
#8
LETTER
Jon Dowell, Jennifer Cleland, Siobhan Fitzpatrick, Chris McManus, Sandra Nicholson, Thomas Oppé, Katie Petty-Saphon, Olga Sierocinska King, Daniel Smith, Steve Thornton, Kirsty White
BACKGROUND: Educating doctors is expensive and poor performance by future graduates can literally cost lives. Whilst the practice of medicine is highly evidence based, medical education is much less so. Research on medical school selection, undergraduate progression, Fitness to Practise (FtP) and postgraduate careers has been hampered across the globe by the challenges of uniting the data required. This paper describes the creation, structure and access arrangements for the first UK-wide attempt to do so...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304800/voluntary-vs-compulsory-student-evaluation-of-clerkships-effect-on-validity-and-potential-bias
#9
Sola Aoun Bahous, Pascale Salameh, Angelique Salloum, Wael Salameh, Yoon Soo Park, Ara Tekian
BACKGROUND: Students evaluations of their learning experiences can provide a useful source of information about clerkship effectiveness in undergraduate medical education. However, low response rates in clerkship evaluation surveys remain an important limitation. This study examined the impact of increasing response rates using a compulsory approach on validity evidence. METHODS: Data included 192 responses obtained voluntarily from 49 third-year students in 2014-2015, and 171 responses obtained compulsorily from 49 students in the first six months of the consecutive year at one medical school in Lebanon...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304795/do-senior-medical-students-meet-recommended-emergency-medicine-curricula-requirements
#10
Sami Shaban, Arif Alper Cevik, Mustafa Emin Canakci, Caglar Kuas, Margret El Zubeir, Fikri Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) offer a variety of learning opportunities for undergraduate medical students. It is however, difficult to evaluate whether they are receiving recommended training during their emergency medicine (EM) clerkship without identifying their clinical activities. We aimed to evaluate the clinical exposure of the final year medical students at our College during their EM clerkship. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected student logbooks...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304791/medical-school-clinical-placements-the-optimal-method-for-assessing-the-clinical-educational-environment-from-a-graduate-entry-perspective
#11
Sarah Hyde, Ailish Hannigan, Tim Dornan, Deirdre McGrath
BACKGROUND: Educational environment is a strong determinant of student satisfaction and achievement. The learning environments of medical students on clinical placements are busy workplaces, composed of many variables. There is no universally accepted method of evaluating the clinical learning environment, nor is there consensus on what concepts or aspects should be measured. The aims of this study were to compare the Dundee ready educational environment measure (DREEM - the current de facto standard) and the more recently developed Manchester clinical placement index (MCPI) for the assessment of the clinical learning environment in a graduate entry medical student cohort by correlating the scores of each and analysing free text comments...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301521/training-the-next-generation-of-physician-researchers-vanderbilt-medical-scholars-program
#12
Abigail M Brown, Teresa M Chipps, Tebeb Gebretsadik, Lorraine B Ware, Jessica Y Islam, Luke R Finck, Joey Barnett, Tina V Hartert
BACKGROUND: As highlighted in recent reports published by the Physician-Scientist Workforce Working Group at the National Institutes of Health, the percentage of physicians conducting research has declined over the past decade. Various programs have been put in place to support and develop current medical student interest in research to alleviate this shortage, including The Vanderbilt University School of Medicine Medical Scholars Program (MSP). This report outlines the long-term program goals and short-term outcomes on career development of MSP alumni, to shed light on the effectiveness of research training programs during undergraduate medical training to inform similar programs in the United States...
January 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298717/experiences-of-pressure-to-conform-in-postgraduate-medical-education
#13
Jan Grendar, Tanya Beran, Elizabeth Oddone-Paolucci
BACKGROUND: Perception of pressure to conform prevents learners from actively participating in educational encounters. We expected that residents would report experiencing different amounts of pressure to conform in a variety of educational settings. METHODS: A total of 166 residents completed questionnaires about the frequency of conformity pressure they experience across 14 teaching and clinical settings. We examined many individual characteristics such as their age, sex, international student status, level of education, and tolerance of ambiguity; and situational characteristics such as residency program, type of learning session, status of group members, and type of rotation to determine when conformity pressure is most likely to occur...
January 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291735/the-gp-tests-of-competence-assessment-which-part-best-predicts-fitness-to-practise-decisions
#14
Hirosha Keshani Jayaweera, Henry W W Potts, Karim Keshwani, Chris Valerio, Magdalen Baker, Leila Mehdizadeh, Alison Sturrock
BACKGROUND: The General Medical Council (GMC) conducts Tests of Competence (ToC) for doctors referred for Fitness to Practise (FtP) issues. GPs take a single best answer knowledge test, an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), and a Simulated Surgery (SimSurg) assessment which is a simulated GP consultation. The aim of this study was to examine the similarities between OSCEs and SimSurg to determine whether each assessment contributed something unique to GP ToCs. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was used...
January 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291730/an-audit-of-clinical-training-exposure-amongst-junior-doctors-working-in-trauma-orthopaedic-surgery-in-101-hospitals-in-the-united-kingdom
#15
Mustafa S Rashid
BACKGROUND: There are concerns regarding early years' training for junior doctors in Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery (T&O) in the United Kingdom. Our primary objective was to audit the clinical activities undertaken by junior doctors working in Trauma & Orthopaedic (T&O) surgery in the National Health Service (NHS) in a typical workweek. A secondary objective was to audit the clinical exposure of junior surgeons in training to the Joint Committee on Surgical Training (JCST) standards for minimum weekly clinical exposure in T&O surgery...
January 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291725/medical-student-experiences-in-prison-health-services-and-social-cognitive-career-choice-a-qualitative-study
#16
Ron Brooker, Wendy Hu, Jennifer Reath, Penelope Abbott
BACKGROUND: One of the purposes of undergraduate medical education is to assist students to consider their future career paths in medicine, alongside the needs of the societies in which they will serve. Amongst the most medically underserved groups of society are people in prison and those with a history of incarceration. In this study we examined the experiences of medical students undertaking General Practice placements in a prison health service. We used the theoretical framework of the Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) to explore the potential of these placements to influence the career choices of medical students...
January 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284536/dental-hygienists-perceptions-of-professionalism-are-multidimensional-and-context-dependent-a-qualitative-study-in-japan
#17
Yukiko Nagatani, Rintaro Imafuku, Toshinobu Takemoto, Tadayuki Waki, Taiji Obayashi, Tetsuji Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Due to the declining birth rate and aging of Japanese society, the roles and responsibilities of dental hygienists are continuously expanding. Medical professionalism needs to be pursued continuously throughout one's career in order to improve dental care and treatment. Although conceptualising professionalism is essential to the education of health professionals, professionalism in the field of dental hygiene has not been defined or adequately examined in Japan. The purposes of this study are to investigate dental hygienists' perceptions of the constituent elements of professionalism and the factors affecting their perceptions...
December 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282058/risk-factors-associated-with-academic-difficulty-in-an-australian-regionally-located-medical-school
#18
Bunmi S Malau-Aduli, Teresa O'Connor, Robin A Ray, Yolanda Kerlen, Michelle Bellingan, Peta-Ann Teague
BACKGROUND: Despite the highly selective admission processes utilised by medical schools, a significant cohort of medical students still face academic difficulties and are at a higher risk of delayed graduation or outright dismissal. METHODS: This study used survival analysis to identify the non-academic and academic risk factors (and their relative risks) associated with academic difficulty at a regionally located medical school. Retrospective non-academic and academic entry data for all medical students who were enrolled at the time of the study (2009-2014) were collated and analysed...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282043/a-one-day-surgical-skill-training-course-for-medical-students-improved-surgical-skills-and-increased-interest-in-surgery-as-a-career
#19
Ho Seok Seo, Yong Hwa Eom, Min Ki Kim, Young-Min Kim, Byung Joo Song, Kyo Young Song
BACKGROUND: Despite many high-quality programs in basic surgical-skill education, the surgical skill of junior doctors varies widely. This, together with the waning interest in surgery as a career among medical students, is a serious issue confronted by hospitals and healthcare systems worldwide. We, therefore, developed and implemented an intensive one-day surgical-skill training course for two purposes; it would improve surgical skills and increase interest in surgery among medical students...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273028/implementation-of-a-novel-population-panel-management-curriculum-among-interprofessional-health-care-trainees
#20
Catherine P Kaminetzky, Lauren A Beste, Anne P Poppe, Daniel B Doan, Howard K Mun, Nancy Fugate Woods, Joyce E Wipf
BACKGROUND: Gaps in chronic disease management have led to calls for novel methods of interprofessional, team-based care. Population panel management (PPM), the process of continuous quality improvement across groups of patients, is rarely included in health professions training for physicians, nurses, or pharmacists. The feasibility and acceptance of such training across different healthcare professions is unknown. We developed and implemented a novel, interprofessional PPM curriculum targeted to diverse health professions trainees...
December 22, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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