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BMC Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788967/towards-a-culturally-competent-health-professional-a-south-african-case-study
#1
Margaret Matthews, Jacqueline Van Wyk
BACKGROUND: South Africa (SA) has a growing multilingual and multicultural population of approximately 55 million people, and faces service delivery challenges due to a shortage in skilled health professionals. Many health care facilities still depict distinct racial and ethnic characteristics that date back to the apartheid era, and there are reports of racial intolerance or preferential treatment at some facilities. There is limited literature in South Africa on cultural competence or on how to train health professionals to provide culturally competent care...
May 22, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769059/a-mooc-as-an-immediate-strategy-to-train-health-personnel-in-the-cholera-outbreak-in-mexico
#2
Laura Magaña-Valladares, Cynthia Rosas-Magallanes, Alejandra Montoya-Rodríguez, Guillermo Calvillo-Jacobo, Celia Mercedes Alpuche-Arande, Sebastían García-Saisó
BACKGROUND: In September 2013, two cases of cholera were reported in Mexico; 1 week later, a new outbreak was reported in the Huasteca region of Hidalgo. Upon the determination that the diagnostic and therapeutic interventions implemented by health personnel overlooked predefined procedures, the National Institute of Public Health, in coordination with the Ministry of Health, immediately designed the massive open online course "Proper cholera containment and management measures" to strengthen and standardize basic prevention and control practices...
May 16, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754583/validity-evidence-for-the-hamburg-multiple-mini-interview
#3
Mirjana Knorr, Anja Schwibbe, Maren Ehrhardt, Janina Lackamp, Stefan Zimmermann, Wolfgang Hampe
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini-interviews (MMI) become increasingly popular for the selection of medical students. In this work, we examine the validity evidence for the Hamburg MMI. METHODS: We conducted three follow-up studies for the 2014 cohort of applicants to medical school over the course of two years. We calculated Spearman's rank correlation (ρ) between MMI results and (1) emotional intelligence measured by the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue-SF) and the Situational Test of Emotion Management (STEM), (2) supervisors' and practice team members' evaluations of psychosocial competencies and suitability for the medical profession after a one-week 1:1 teaching in a general practice (GP) and (3) objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scores...
May 14, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751806/pain-medicine-content-teaching-and-assessment-in-medical-school-curricula-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#4
Elspeth Erica Shipton, Frank Bate, Raymond Garrick, Carole Steketee, Eric John Visser
BACKGROUND: The objective of pain medicine education is to provide medical students with opportunities to develop their knowledge, skills and professional attitudes that will lead to their becoming safe, capable, and compassionate medical practitioners who are able to meet the healthcare needs of persons in pain. This study was undertaken to identify and describe the delivery of pain medicine education at medical schools in Australia and New Zealand. METHOD: All 23 medical schools in Australia and New Zealand in 2016 were included in this study...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751804/changes-in-physiotherapy-students-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-ebp-from-first-year-to-graduation-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Maureen P McEvoy, Lucy K Lewis, Julie Luker
BACKGROUND: Dedicated Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) courses are often included in health professional education programs. It is important to understand the effectiveness of this training. This study investigated EBP outcomes in entry-level physiotherapy students from baseline to completion of all EBP training (graduation). METHODS: Mixed methods with an explanatory sequential design. Physiotherapy students completed two psychometrically-tested health professional EBP instruments at baseline and graduation...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751800/does-exam-targeted-training-help-village-doctors-pass-the-certified-assistant-physician-exam-and-improve-their-practical-skills-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-village-doctors-perspectives-in-changzhou-in-eastern-china
#6
Xiaohong Li, Jay J Shen, Fang Yao, Chunxin Jiang, Fengshui Chang, Fengfeng Hao, Jun Lu
BACKGROUND: Quality of health care needs to be improved in rural China. The Chinese government, based on the 1999 Law on Physicians, started implementing the Rural Doctor Practice Regulation in 2004 to increase the percentage of certified physicians among village doctors. Special exam-targeted training for rural doctors therefore was launched as a national initiative. This study examined these rural doctors' perceptions of whether that training helps them pass the exam and whether it improves their skills...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751796/the-impact-of-active-mentorship-results-from-a-survey-of-faculty-in-the-department-of-medicine-at-massachusetts-general-hospital
#7
Rochelle P Walensky, Younji Kim, Yuchiao Chang, Bianca C Porneala, Mirar N Bristol, Katrina Armstrong, Eric G Campbell
BACKGROUND: To assess mentorship experiences among the faculty of a large academic department of medicine and to examine how those experiences relate to academic advancement and job satisfaction. METHODS: Among faculty members in the Massachusetts General Hospital Department of Medicine, we assessed personal and professional characteristics as well as job satisfaction and examined their relationship with two mentorship dimensions: (1) currently have a mentor and (2) role as a mentor...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747630/reflection-revisited-how-physicians-conceptualize-and-experience-reflection-in-professional-practice-a-qualitative-study
#8
Elisa Bindels, Christel Verberg, Albert Scherpbier, Sylvia Heeneman, Kiki Lombarts
BACKGROUND: For the purpose of continuous performance improvement, physicians are expected to reflect on their practice. While many reflection studies are theoretically oriented and often prescriptive in the sense that they conceptualize what reflection should look like, the current study starts with practicing physicians themselves and maps how these physicians conceptualize and experience reflection in daily professional practice. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 13 hospital-based physicians from various specialties and institutions...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743061/transitional-journeys-into-and-through-medical-education-for-first-in-family-fif-students-a-qualitative-interview-study
#9
Andrew Mark Bassett, Caragh Brosnan, Erica Southgate, Heidi Lempp
BACKGROUND: There has been much interest in the transitions along the medical education continuum. However, little is known about how students from non-traditional backgrounds experience both the move to, and through Medical School, and their ambitions post-graduation. This research sought to understand the transitional journey into, and through undergraduate medical education, and future career aspirations for first-in-family (FiF) medical students. METHODS: Based on a interpretivist epistemological perspective, 20 FiF students from one English Medical School participated in semi-structured interviews...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743057/specialty-preferences-and-influencing-factors-a-repeated-cross-sectional-survey-of-first-to-sixth-year-medical-students-in-jena-germany
#10
Diana Grasreiner, Uta Dahmen, Utz Settmacher
BACKGROUND: Given the expected increase in those entering retirement, the number of practising physicians is predicted to decrease. Conversely, the number of physicians needed is set to increase, due to higher demands resulting from the increasing average age of the German population. This may cause a deficit in the availability and accessibility of medical care for the population in Germany, as well as in other countries. As such, there needs to be a specific focus on the next generation of physicians...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743051/the-effectiveness-and-feasibility-of-treat-tailoring-research-evidence-and-theory-journal-clubs-in-allied-health-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Rachel J Wenke, Rae Thomas, Ian Hughes, Sharon Mickan
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs (JC) may increase clinicians' evidence-based practice (EBP) skills and facilitate evidence uptake in clinical practice, however there is a lack of research into their effectiveness in allied health. We investigated the effectiveness of a structured JC that is Tailored According to Research Evidence And Theory (TREAT) in improving EBP skills and practice compared to a standard JC format for allied health professionals. Concurrently, we explored the feasibility of implementing TREAT JCs in a healthcare setting, by evaluating participating clinicians' perceptions and satisfaction...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739407/work-shadowing-in-dental-teaching-practices-evaluation-results-of-a-collaborative-study-between-university-and-general-dental-practices
#12
Stefan J Heitkamp, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the acceptance and assessment of work shadowing carried out by students and dentists in dental practices. Furthermore, the extent to which students perceive an improvement in their specialised, communication and social competencies, was to be examined. METHODS: 61 dental students in their clinical semesters at a German university participated in work shadowing placements at 27 different general dental practices...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739405/identifying-low-test-taking-effort-during-low-stakes-tests-with-the-new-test-taking-effort-short-scale-tess-development-and-psychometrics
#13
Katrin Schüttpelz-Brauns, Martina Kadmon, Claudia Kiessling, Yassin Karay, Margarita Gestmann, Juliane E Kämmer
BACKGROUND: Low-stakes tests are becoming increasingly important in international assessments of educational progress, and the validity of these results is essential especially as these results are often used for benchmarking. Test scores in these tests not only mirror students' ability but also depend on their test-taking effort. One way to obtain more valid scores from participating samples is to identify test-takers with low test-taking effort and to exclude them from further analyses...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739387/variability-and-dimensionality-of-students-and-supervisors-mini-cex-scores-in-undergraduate-medical-clerkships-a-multilevel-factor-analysis
#14
Christoph Berendonk, Anja Rogausch, Armin Gemperli, Wolfgang Himmel
BACKGROUND: The mini clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX)-a tool used to assess student-patient encounters-is increasingly being applied as a learning device to foster clinical competencies. Although the importance of eliciting self-assessment for learning is widely acknowledged, little is known about the validity of self-assessed mini-CEX scores. The aims of this study were (1) to explore the variability of medical students' self-assessed mini-CEX scores, and to compare them with the scores obtained from their clinical supervisors, and (2) to ascertain whether learners' self-assessed mini-CEX scores represent a global dimension of clinical competence or discrete clinical skills...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739376/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-describing-the-outcomes-of-near-peer-mentoring-programs-for-first-year-medical-students
#15
Olawunmi Akinla, Pamela Hagan, William Atiomo
BACKGROUND: Transition into higher education has been identified as one of the most stressful periods for learners. Interventions targeting the transition phase such as near- peer mentoring might help address some of these challenges. We were however unable to identify a published systematic review of the literature describing outcomes of near-peer mentoring of medical students during the transition phase into medical school. The aim of this paper is to review the literature and describe the outcomes of near-peer mentoring schemes for first-year medical students in the transition phase...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728146/pharmacy-students-provision-of-health-promotion-counseling-services-during-a-community-pharmacy-clerkship-a-cross-sectional-study-northwest-ethiopia
#16
Dessalegn Asmelashe Gelayee, Gashaw Binega Mekonnen
BACKGROUND: Globally, undergraduate pharmacy education comprises practice programs aimed to address different competencies. This study was intended to investigate pharmacy students' provision of health promotion (HP) counseling services during a community pharmacy clerkship in Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on fifty one fifth-year pharmacy students immediately after completion of a 2-week community pharmacy clerkship...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728090/what-can-we-learn-from-problem-based-learning-tutors-at-a-graduate-entry-medical-school-a-mixed-method-approach
#17
Diane O Doherty, Helena Mc Keague, Sarah Harney, Gerard Browne, Deirdre McGrath
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been adopted by many medical schools as an innovative method to deliver an integrated medical curriculum since its inception at McMaster University (Dornan et al., Med Educ 39(2):163-170, 2005; Finucane et al., Med Educ 35(1):56-61, 2001; Barrows, Tutorials in problem-based learning: A new direction in teaching the health professions, 1984). The student experience in PBL has been explored in detail (Merriam, New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 89: 3-13, 2001; Azer, Kaohsiung J Med Sci 25(5): 240-249, 2009; Boelens et al...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728078/emotional-intelligence-among-medical-students-a-mixed-methods-study-from-chennai-india
#18
Subashini Sundararajan, Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
BACKGROUND: Emotional Intelligence is the ability of a person to understand and respond to one's own and others' emotions and use this understanding to guide one's thoughts and actions. To assess the level of emotional intelligence of medical students in a medical college in Chennai and to explore their understanding of the role of emotions in medical practice. METHODS: A quantitative, cross sectional, questionnaire based, survey was conducted among 207 medical students in a college in Chennai, India using the Quick Emotional Intelligence Self Assessment Test and some hypothetical emotional clinical vignettes...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724217/tools-and-resources-for-neuroanatomy-education-a-systematic-review
#19
M Arantes, J Arantes, M A Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to identify studies exploring neuroanatomy teaching tools and their impact in learning, as a basis towards the implementation of a neuroanatomy program in the context of a curricular reform in medical education. METHODS: Computer-assisted searches were conducted through March 2017 in the PubMed, Web of Science, Medline, Current Contents Connect, KCI and Scielo Citation Index databases. Four sets of keywords were used, combining "neuroanatomy" with "education", "teaching", "learning" and "student*"...
May 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724213/the-ability-of-non-cognitive-traits-to-predict-undergraduate-performance-in-medical-schools-a-national-linkage-study
#20
Gabrielle M Finn, Lazaro Mwandigha, Lewis W Paton, Paul A Tiffin
BACKGROUND: In addition to the evaluation of educational attainment and intellectual ability there has been interest in the potential to select medical school applicants on non-academic qualities. Consequently, a battery of self-report measures concerned with assessing 'non-cognitive' traits was piloted as part of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) administration to evaluate their potential to be used in selection. METHODS: The four non-cognitive instruments piloted were: 1) the Libertarian-communitarian scale, (2) The NACE (narcissism, aloofness, confidence and empathy, (3) the MEARS (Managing emotions and resilience scale; self-esteem, optimism, control, self-discipline, emotional-nondefensiveness and faking, and (4) an abridged version of instruments (1) and (2) combined...
May 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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