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BMC International Health and Human Rights

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923078/curbing-the-lifestyle-disease-pandemic-making-progress-on-an-interdisciplinary-research-agenda-for-law-and-policy-interventions
#1
Brigit Toebes, Marlies Hesselman, Jitse P van Dijk, Joost Herman
By 2030, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) will be the leading cause of death in every region in the world. While law and policy have an important role to play in curbing this pandemic, our current understanding of how they can most effectively be used is still limited. This contribution identifies a number of gaps in current research and insists on an interdisciplinary research agenda between law, health science and international relations aimed at designing concrete proposals for laws and policies to curb the NCD pandemic, both globally and domestically...
September 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899376/perceptions-about-iranian-kurds-ethnic-inequality-in-health
#2
Arezoo Yari, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Reza Majdzadeh
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows ethnic-inequality is a very effective variable in the Community and individual health associated outcomes. This study focused on gaining a deeper understanding of people's perception on inequality of health in Iranian-Kurds and its determinants. METHODS: The study was conducted in the three cities of Marivan, Sanandaj (capital of Kurdistan province in Iran) and Tehran (capital of the country). The study was conducted through 34 in-depth interviews and ten focus group discussions with health services users, academic graduates and health delivery service personnel...
September 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899374/determinants-of-internal-migrant-health-and-the-healthy-migrant-effect-in-south-india-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Warren Dodd, Sally Humphries, Kirit Patel, Shannon Majowicz, Matthew Little, Cate Dewey
BACKGROUND: Internal labour migration is an important and necessary livelihood strategy for millions of individuals and households in India. However, the precarious position of migrant workers within Indian society may have consequences for the health of these individuals. Previous research on the connections between health and labour mobility within India have primarily focused on the negative health outcomes associated with this practice. Thus, there is a need to better identify the determinants of internal migrant health and how these determinants shape migrant health outcomes...
September 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818075/perspectives-of-basic-wheelchair-users-on-improving-their-access-to-wheelchair-services-in-kenya-and-philippines-a-qualitative-study
#4
Emma Williams, Elizabeth Hurwitz, Immaculate Obaga, Brenda Onguti, Adovich Rivera, Tyrone Reden L Sy, R Lee Kirby, Jamie Noon, Deepti Tanuku, Anthony Gichangi, Eva Bazant
BACKGROUND: The United Nations has called for countries to improve access to mobility devices when needed. The World Health Organization has published guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less-resourced settings. Yet little is known about the extent to which appropriate wheelchairs are available and provided according to international guidelines. This study's purpose was to describe wheelchair users' experiences receiving services and acquiring wheelchair skills in urban and peri-urban areas of Kenya and the Philippines...
August 17, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774306/realizing-universal-health-coverage-in-east-africa-the-relevance-of-human-rights
#5
Alicia Ely Yamin, Allan Maleche
Applying a robust human rights framework would change thinking and decision-making in efforts to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC), and advance efforts to promote women's, children's, and adolescents' health in East Africa, which is a priority under the Sustainable Development Agenda. Nevertheless, there is a gap between global rhetoric of human rights and ongoing health reform efforts. This debate article seeks to fill part of that gap by setting out principles of human rights-based approaches (HRBAs), and then applying those principles to questions that countries undertaking efforts toward UHC and promoting women's, children's and adolescents' health, will need to face, focusing in particular on ensuring enabling legal and policy frameworks, establishing fair financing; priority-setting processes, and meaningful oversight and accountability mechanisms...
August 3, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768541/key-populations-and-human-rights-in-the-context-of-hiv-services-rendition-in-ghana
#6
Amos Laar, Debra DeBruin
BACKGROUND: In line with its half century old penal code, Ghana currently criminalizes and penalizes behaviors of some key populations - populations deemed to be at higher risk of acquiring or transmitting Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Men who have sex with men (MSM), and sex workers (SWs) fit into this categorization. This paper provides an analysis of how enactment and implementation of rights-limiting laws not only limit rights, but also amplify risk and vulnerability to HIV in key and general populations...
August 2, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738807/sexual-violence-against-female-university-students-in-ethiopia
#7
Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Mihiret Abreham Hagos
BACKGROUND: Though many women are suffering the consequences of sexual violence, only few victims speak out as it is sensitive and prone to stigma. This lack of data made it difficult to get full picture of the problem and design proper interventions. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with sexual violence among female students of Wolaita Sodo University, south Ethiopia. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 462 regular female Wolaita Sodo University students on April 7/2015...
July 24, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720089/analysis-of-the-association-between-millennium-development-goals-4-5-and-the-physician-workforce-across-international-economic-strata
#8
Christopher P Morley, Dongliang Wang, Emily M Mader, Kyle P Plante, Lindsey N Kingston, Azadeh Rabiei
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are 8 international development goals voluntarily adopted by 189 nations. The goals included health related aims to reduce the under-five child mortality rate by two-thirds (MDG4), and to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three-quarters (MDG5). To assess the relationship between the healthcare workforce and MDGs 4-5, we examined the physician workforces of countries around the globe, in terms of the Physician Density Level (PDL, or number of physicians per 1000 population), and compared this rate across a number of years to several indicator variables specified as markers of progress towards MDG4 and MDG5...
July 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629455/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-autonomy-childbirth-practices-and-obstetric-fistula-among-women-in-rural-lilongwe-district-malawi
#9
Julika Ayla Kaplan, Jonathan Kandodo, Joseph Sclafani, Susan Raine, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Alison Norris, Abigail Norris-Turner, Elly Chemey, John Michael Beckham, Zara Khan, Reginald Chunda
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by prolonged obstructed labor, many other factors indirectly increase fistula risk. Some research suggests that many women in rural Malawi have limited autonomy and decision-making power in their households. We hypothesize that women's limited autonomy may play a role in reinforcing childbirth practices that increase the risk of obstetric fistula in this setting by hindering access to emergency care and further prolonging obstructed labor...
June 19, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558693/scrambling-for-access-availability-accessibility-acceptability-and-quality-of-healthcare-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-people-in-south-africa
#10
Alex Müller
BACKGROUND: Sexual orientation and gender identity are social determinants of health for people identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT), and health disparities among sexual and gender minority populations are increasingly well understood. Although the South African constitution guarantees sexual and gender minority people the right to non-discrimination and the right to access to healthcare, homo- and transphobia in society abound. Little is known about LGBT people's healthcare experiences in South Africa, but anecdotal evidence suggests significant barriers to accessing care...
May 30, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545526/effective-implementation-of-the-uncrpd-by-thailand-state-party-challenges-and-potential-remedies
#11
Donruedee Srisuppaphon, Arnon Sriboonroj, Wachara Riewpaiboon, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
BACKGROUND: The Thai government ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) in 2008, and the first progress report by the State Party was issued in 2012. This study assesses and identifies gaps in the Government's implementation of the Convention. METHODS: Using the Deming Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle as an analytical framework for continuous quality improvement, we reviewed five documents which are: the 2012 State Party report; the list of issues by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; the 2015 replies to the list of issues by the Thai government; an alternative report produced by Civil Society Organizations (CSOs); and an alternative report produced by the National Human Rights Commission of Thailand...
May 25, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535758/hiv-prevalence-risky-behaviors-and-discrimination-experiences-among-transgender-women-in-cambodia-descriptive-findings-from-a-national-integrated-biological-and-behavioral-survey
#12
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Srean Chhim, Khuondyla Pal, Phalkun Mun, Gitau Mburu
BACKGROUND: Transgender people are disproportionately affected by HIV. Despite their high vulnerability to HIV, lack of adequate epidemiological and surveillance data related to this population in many countries prevents provision of appropriate services. This paper summarizes descriptive findings from a national integrated biological and behavioral survey and discusses policy implications of the findings on HIV prevention among transgender women in Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2015 and February 2016...
May 23, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532403/assessing-the-impoverishment-effects-of-out-of-pocket-healthcare-payments-prior-to-the-uptake-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme-in-ghana
#13
James Akazili, John Ele-Ojo Ataguba, Edmund Wedam Kanmiki, John Gyapong, Osman Sankoh, Abraham Oduro, Di McIntyre
BACKGROUND: There is a global concern regarding how households could be protected from relatively large healthcare payments which are a major limitation to accessing healthcare. Such payments also endanger the welfare of households with the potential of moving households into extreme impoverishment. This paper examines the impoverishing effects of out-of-pocket (OOP) healthcare payments in Ghana prior to the introduction of Ghana's national health insurance scheme. METHODS: Data come from the Ghana Living Standard Survey 5 (2005/2006)...
May 22, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490382/premarital-hiv-testing-in-malaysia-a-qualitative-exploratory-study-on-the-views-of-major-stakeholders-involved-in-hiv-prevention
#14
Sima Barmania, Syed Mohamed Aljunid
BACKGROUND: HIV screening has existed in numerous methods as an important part of HIV prevention efforts over the years. Premarital HIV testing for couples who wish to marry has been implemented in a number of regions, which often operate in a mandatory rather than voluntary basis and is considered a contentious issue, with viewpoints held in favour and against. One such region is Malaysia which has a policy of mandatory premarital HIV testing of prospective Muslim married couples. The purpose of this study is to understand stakeholders' views on premarital HIV testing given the Malaysian Islamic context...
May 10, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476153/-when-they-know-that-you-are-a-sex-worker-you-will-be-the-last-person-to-be-treated-perceptions-and-experiences-of-female-sex-workers-in-accessing-hiv-services-in-uganda
#15
Rhoda K Wanyenze, Geofrey Musinguzi, Juliet Kiguli, Fred Nuwaha, Geoffrey Mujisha, Joshua Musinguzi, Jim Arinaitwe, Joseph K B Matovu
BACKGROUND: HIV prevalence among female sex workers (FSWs) in high burden countries in sub-Saharan Africa varies between 24 and 72%, however their access to HIV services remains limited. This study explored FSWs' perspectives of the barriers and opportunities to HIV service access in Uganda. METHODS: The cross-sectional qualitative study was conducted between October and December 2013. Twenty-four focus group discussions were conducted with 190 FSWs in 12 districts...
May 5, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403844/health-and-legal-literacy-for-migrants-twinned-strands-woven-in-the-cloth-of-social-justice-and-the-human-right-to-health-care
#16
Bilkis Vissandjée, Wendy E Short, Karine Bates
BACKGROUND: Based on an analysis of published literature, this paper provides an over-view of the challenges associated with delivering on the right to access quality health care for international migrants to industrialized countries, and asks which group of professionals is best equipped to provide services that increase health and legal literacy. Both rights and challenges are approached from a social justice perspective with the aim of identifying opportunities to promote greater health equity...
April 13, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390398/challenges-in-the-delivery-of-public-hiv-testing-and-counselling-htc-in-douala-cameroon-providers-perspectives-and-implications-on-quality-of-htc-services
#17
Patrice Ngangue, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Emmanuelle Bedard
BACKGROUND: The Cameroon government has made HIV testing and counselling (HTC) a priority in its HIV/AIDS strategic plan. However, there is a dearth of literature on the perspectives of providers on the quality of HTC services. The aim of this study was to explore challenges in the provision of HTC services and their implications on quality of HTC services in Douala's district hospitals. METHODS: Two primary data collection methods supported by the Donabedian's model of healthcare were used to explain the challenges in the provision of HTC services and their implications on quality of HTC services...
April 8, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388947/prevalence-of-and-barriers-to-the-disclosure-of-hiv-status-to-infected-children-and-adolescents-in-a-district-of-ghana
#18
Eric Gyamfi, Paul Okyere, Acheampong Enoch, Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong
BACKGROUND: Globally there are about 3.3million children under the age of 15 years living with HIV. Of this number, 88% live in sub-Saharan Africa. In Ghana, an estimated 33,000 children were said to be living with the HIV infection in 2012. Lack of disclosure adversely affects the well-being of the child, including access to paediatric HIV treatment and care and adherence to treatment. However, the greatest psychosocial challenges that parents and caregivers of HIV-infected children face is disclosure of HIV status to their infected children...
April 8, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320410/bibliometric-analysis-of-medicine-related-publications-on-refugees-asylum-seekers-and-internally-displaced-people-2000-2015
#19
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Wars and violent domestic conflicts have forced millions of people to move outside their homes. Meeting the basic health needs of those people requires an understanding of research activity and research output on this topic. The objective of this study was to shed light on the quantity and impact of medicine - related publications on refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced people (IDP). METHOD: Scopus database was used to retrieve required data...
March 20, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302105/wife-beating-refusal-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-urban-and-rural-ethiopia
#20
Eshetu Gurmu, Senait Endale
BACKGROUND: Wife beating is the most common and widespread form of intimate partner violence in Ethiopia. It results in countless severe health, socio-economic and psychological problems and has contributed to the violation of human rights including the liberty of women to enjoy conjugal life. The main purpose of this study is to assess the levels and patterns of wife beating refusal and its associated socio-cultural and demographic factors in rural and urban Ethiopia. METHODS: The 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) data based on 11,097 and 5287 women in the reproductive age group (i...
March 16, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
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