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BMC International Health and Human Rights

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069002/unpacking-early-infant-male-circumcision-decision-making-using-qualitative-findings-from-zimbabwe
#1
Webster Mavhu, Karin Hatzold, Getrude Ncube, Shamiso Fernando, Collin Mangenah, Kumbirai Chatora, Roy Dhlamini, Owen Mugurungi, Ismail Ticklay, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: Early infant male circumcision (EIMC) has been identified as a key HIV prevention intervention. Exploring the decision-making process for adoption of EIMC for HIV prevention among parents and other key stakeholders is critical for designing effective demand creation interventions to maximize uptake, roll out and impact in preventing HIV. This paper describes key players, decisions and actions involved in the EIMC decision-making process. METHODS: Two complementary qualitative studies explored hypothetical and actual acceptability of EIMC in Zimbabwe...
January 9, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052765/sexual-abuse-and-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-young-female-hawkers-in-burkina-faso-a-mixed-method-study
#2
Saide Yacine Y A Ouédraogo, Ebrima J Sisawo, Song-Lih Huang
BACKGROUND: Young street hawkers in Burkina Faso are increasingly exposed to workplace hazards such as physical and sexual abuse, and also unsafe sexual practices. The objectives of this study were to identify the socio-demographic status and work characteristics of young female hawkers, describe their sexual behavior and their experience with regards to sex-related violence at the workplace. METHODS: The study used a mixed design combining qualitative and quantitative methods...
January 4, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031024/sex-trafficking-and-sexual-exploitation-in-settings-affected-by-armed-conflicts-in-africa-asia-and-the-middle-east-systematic-review
#3
Alys McAlpine, Mazeda Hossain, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Sex trafficking and sexual exploitation has been widely reported, especially in conflict-affected settings, which appear to increase women's and children's vulnerabilities to these extreme abuses. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of ten databases and extensive grey literature to gather evidence of sex trafficking and sexual exploitation in conflict-affected settings. International definitions of "sexual exploitation" and "sex trafficking" set the indicator parameters...
December 28, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978827/assessing-the-universal-health-coverage-target-in-the-sustainable-development-goals-from-a-human-rights-perspective
#4
Audrey R Chapman
BACKGROUND: The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted in September 2015, include a comprehensive health goal, "to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being at all ages." The health goal (SDG 3) has nine substantive targets and four additional targets which are identified as a means of implementation. One of these commitments, to achieve universal health coverage (UHC), has been acknowledged as central to the achievement of all of the other health targets. As defined in the SDGs, UHC includes financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services, and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all...
December 15, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931215/why-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-the-child-must-become-a-guiding-framework-for-the-realization-of-the-rights-of-children-affected-by-tuberculosis
#5
Robindra Basu Roy, Nicola Brandt, Nicolette Moodie, Mitra Motlagh, Kumanan Rasanathan, James A Seddon, Anne K Detjen, Beate Kampmann
BACKGROUND: Until recently, paediatric tuberculosis (TB) has been relatively neglected by the broader TB and the maternal and child health communities. Human rights-based approaches to children affected by TB could be powerful; however, awareness and application of such strategies is not widespread. DISCUSSION: We summarize the current challenges faced by children affected by TB, including: consideration of their family context; the limitations of preventive, diagnostic and treatment options; paucity of paediatric-specific research; failure in implementation of interventions; and stigma...
December 8, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914479/race-trouble-experiences-of-black-medical-specialist-trainees-in-south-africa
#6
Nicola Thackwell, Leslie Swartz, Sipho Dlamini, Lebogang Phahladira, Rudzani Muloiwa, Bonginkosi Chiliza
BACKGROUND: This research aimed to identify and explore the experiences of Black registrars in their training in the Western Cape's academic hospitals in order to identify structures, practices, attitudes and ideologies that may promote or impede the advancement of Black doctors into specialist medicine. This is justified by the requirement for universities to work towards monitoring and evaluating efforts to create non-discriminatory and inclusive training environments. METHODS: This study employed qualitative research methods...
December 3, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855692/knowledge-and-exercise-of-human-rights-and-barriers-and-facilitators-to-claiming-rights-a-cross-sectional-study-of-female-sex-workers-and-high-risk-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-andhra-pradesh-india
#7
Deepika Ganju, Sangram Kishor Patel, Parimi Prabhakar, Rajatashurva Adhikary
BACKGROUND: HIV prevention interventions recognize the need to protect the rights of key populations and support them to claim their rights as a vulnerability reduction strategy. This study explores knowledge of human rights, and barriers and facilitators to claiming rights, among female sex workers (FSWs) and high-risk men who have sex with men (HR-MSM) who are beneficiaries of a community mobilization intervention in Andhra Pradesh, India. METHODS: Data are drawn from a cross-sectional survey (2014) among 2400 FSWs and 1200 HR-MSM...
November 17, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855677/condoms-and-sexual-health-education-as-evidence-impact-of-criminalization-of-in-call-venues-and-managers-on-migrant-sex-workers-access-to-hiv-sti-prevention-in-a-canadian-setting
#8
S Anderson, K Shannon, J Li, Y Lee, J Chettiar, S Goldenberg, A Krüsi
BACKGROUND: Despite a large body of evidence globally demonstrating that the criminalization of sex workers increases HIV/STI risks, we know far less about the impact of criminalization and policing of managers and in-call establishments on HIV/STI prevention among sex workers, and even less so among migrant sex workers. METHODS: Analysis draws on ethnographic fieldwork and 46 qualitative interviews with migrant sex workers, managers and business owners of in-call sex work venues in Metro Vancouver, Canada...
November 17, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836014/is-the-un-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-impacting-mental-health-laws-and-policies-in-high-income-countries-a-case-study-of-implementation-in-canada
#9
EDITORIAL
Steven J Hoffman, Lathika Sritharan, Ali Tejpar
BACKGROUND: Persons with psychosocial disabilities face disparate access to healthcare and social services worldwide, along with systemic discrimination, structural inequalities, and widespread human rights abuses. Accordingly, many people have looked to international human rights law to help address mental health challenges. On December 13, 2006, the United Nations formally adopted the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) - the first human rights treaty of the 21st century and the fastest ever negotiated...
November 11, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793147/the-impact-of-a-microsavings-intervention-on-reducing-violence-against-women-engaged-in-sex-work-a-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Laura Cordisco Tsai, Catherine E Carlson, Toivgoo Aira, Andrea Norcini Pala, Marion Riedel, Susan S Witte
BACKGROUND: Women who engage in sex work are at risk for experiencing violence from numerous perpetrators, including paying partners. Empirical evidence has shown mixed results regarding the impact of participation in microfinance interventions on women's experiences of violence, with some studies demonstrating reductions in intimate partner violence (IPV) and others showing heightened risk for IPV. The current study reports on the impact of participation in a microsavings intervention on experiences of paying partner violence among women engaged in sex work in Mongolia...
October 28, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733147/early-child-health-in-an-informal-settlement-in-the-peruvian-amazon
#11
Gwenyth O Lee, Maribel Paredes Olortegui, Gabriela Salmón-Mulanovich, Pablo Peñataro Yori, Margaret Kosek
BACKGROUND: Informal settlements are common throughout the developing world. In Peru, land occupations, commonly "invasions" in Spanish, are a means by which the extremely poor attempt to obtain access to land. Here, we examine difference in child health between two communities in the Peruvian Amazon, one well-established and one newly formed by 'invasion', as captured incidentally by a prospective epidemiological cohort study. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2006 a study designed to describe the epidemiology of pediatric enteric infections and child growth in a community-based setting enrolled 442 children in Santa Clara de Nanay, a community adjacent to the city of Iquitos, in Loreto, Peru...
October 12, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724904/knowledge-and-utilization-of-sexual-and-reproductive-healthcare-services-among-thai-immigrant-women-in-sweden
#12
Eva Åkerman, Per-Olof Östergren, Birgitta Essén, Cecilia Fernbrant, Ragnar Westerling
BACKGROUND: Migration from Thailand to Sweden has increased threefold over the last 10 years. Today Thailand is one of the most common countries of origin among immigrants in Sweden. Since the year 2000, new HIV cases are also more prevalent among Thai immigrants compared to other immigrant nationalities in Sweden. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between knowledge and utilization of sexual and reproductive healthcare services, contraceptive knowledge and socio-demographic characteristics and social capital among Thai immigrant women in Sweden...
October 10, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582174/diabetes-self-management-among-arab-americans-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#13
Heather Fritz, Rosanne DiZazzo-Miller, Elizabeth A Bertran, Fredrick D Pociask, Sandra Tarakji, Judith Arnetz, Catherine L Lysack, Linda A Jaber
BACKGROUND: Arab Americans have a high burden of diabetes and poor outcomes compared to the general U.S. POPULATION: Diabetes self-management (DSM) requires a partnership between patients and providers that fosters mutual understanding and shared decision-making. Cultural factors influence this process; however, little is known regarding the cultural impact on DSM or if perceptions differ between patients and providers. METHODS: Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze five focus groups-two groups with Arab American providers (n = 8) and three groups with adult Arab Americans with diabetes (n = 23)...
August 31, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125373/documenting-a-long-term-development-model-in-the-slums-of-delhi
#14
Martha Morrow, Greg Armstrong, Prarthna Dayal, Michelle Kermode
BACKGROUND: Achieving development outcomes requires the inclusion of marginalised populations that have the least opportunity to participate in and benefit from development. Slum dwellers often see little of the 'urban advantage', suffering more from infectious diseases, increasing food costs, poor access to education and health care, inadequate water and sanitation, and informal employment. A recent Cochrane Review of the impact of slum upgrading strategies found a dearth of unbiased studies, making it difficult to draw firm conclusions...
April 28, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26825525/intimate-partner-violence-as-seen-in-post-conflict-eastern-uganda-prevalence-risk-factors-and-mental-health-consequences
#15
Eugene Kinyanda, Helen A Weiss, Margaret Mungherera, Patrick Onyango-Mangen, Emmanuel Ngabirano, Rehema Kajungu, Johnson Kagugube, Wilson Muhwezi, Julius Muron, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Conflict and post-conflict communities in sub-Saharan Africa have a high under recognised problem of intimate partner violence (IPV). Part of the reason for this has been the limited data on IPV from conflict affected sub-Saharan Africa. This paper reports on the prevalence, risk factors and mental health consequences of IPV victimisation in both gender as seen in post-conflict eastern Uganda. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in two districts of eastern Uganda...
January 29, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651003/erratum-to-diabetes-self-management-among-arab-americans-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#16
Heather Fritz, Rosanne DiZazzo-Miller, Elizabeth A Bertran, Fredrick D Pociask, Sandra Tarakji, Judith Arnetz, Catherine L Lysack, Linda A Jaber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595842/does-the-operations-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme-nhis-in-ghana-align-with-the-goals-of-primary-health-care-perspectives-of-key-stakeholders-in-northern-ghana
#17
John Koku Awoonor-Williams, Paulina Tindana, Philip Ayizem Dalinjong, Harry Nartey, James Akazili
BACKGROUND: In 2005, the World Health Assembly (WHA) of the World Health Organization (WHO) urged member states to aim at achieving affordable universal coverage and access to key promotive, preventive, curative, rehabilitative and palliative health interventions for all their citizens on the basis of equity and solidarity. Since then, some African countries, including Ghana, have taken steps to introduce national health insurance reforms as one of the key strategies towards achieving universal health coverage (UHC)...
2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576456/does-the-operations-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme-nhis-in-ghana-align-with-the-goals-of-primary-health-care-perspectives-of-key-stakeholders-in-northern-ghana
#18
John Koku Awoonor-Williams, Paulina Tindana, Philip Ayizem Dalinjong, Harry Nartey, James Akazili
BACKGROUND: In 2005, the World Health Assembly (WHA) of the World Health Organization (WHO) urged member states to aim at achieving affordable universal coverage and access to key promotive, preventive, curative, rehabilitative and palliative health interventions for all their citizens on the basis of equity and solidarity. Since then, some African countries, including Ghana, have taken steps to introduce national health insurance reforms as one of the key strategies towards achieving universal health coverage (UHC)...
2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501790/assessment-of-prison-life-of-persons-with-disability-in-ghana
#19
Joslin Dogbe, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Anthony Edusei, Gyikua Plange-Rhule, Nicholas Addofoh, Sandra Baffour-Awuah, Osei Sarfo-Kantanka, Charles Hammond, Michael Owusu
BACKGROUND: Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) are a unique group that are often overlooked in many developing countries due to systemic weaknesses, lack of political commitment and inadequate support from government and non-governmental agencies. The population of these individuals is however steadily on the increase and currently corresponds to 15 % of the world population. Although much data exist on lifestyle and conditions of prisoners with disabilities in the western world, scanty information is available in Africa...
2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400871/civil-society-advocacy-in-nigeria-promoting-democratic-norms-or-donor-demands
#20
R Taylor Williamson, Joshua Rodd
BACKGROUND: Civil society organizations (CSOs) are often assumed to be institutions that facilitate communication between citizens and policymakers. However, CSO advocacy is only as effective as the space allowed by government, the resources available from funders, and their own internal capacity. This article presents findings from a study in Nigeria that explores the advocacy and service delivery roles of CSOs working in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention and mitigation. We will argue that donor and government treatment of civil society as service delivery organizations, rather than as organizations that participate in democratic norms, have shaped how civil society organizations work to mitigate and prevent HIV...
2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
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