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BMC International Health and Human Rights

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219105/factors-associated-with-extrajudicial-arrest-for-syringe-possession-results-of-a-department-wide-survey-of-municipal-police-in-tijuana-mexico
#1
Mario Morales, Claudia Rafful, Tommi L Gaines, Javier A Cepeda, Daniela Abramovitz, Irina Artamonova, Pieter Baker, Erika Clairgue, Maria Luisa Mittal, Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Jaime Arredondo, Thomas Kerr, Arnulfo Bañuelos, Steffanie A Strathdee, Leo Beletsky
BACKGROUND: Mexican law permits syringe purchase and possession without prescription. Nonetheless, people who inject drugs (PWID) frequently report arrest for syringe possession. Extrajudicial arrests not only violate human rights, but also significantly increase the risk of blood-borne infection transmission and other health harms among PWID and police personnel. To better understand how police practices contribute to the PWID risk environment, prior research has primarily examined drug user perspectives and experiences...
September 15, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208877/global-abortion-policies-database-a-new-approach-to-strengthening-knowledge-on-laws-policies-and-human-rights-standards
#2
Brooke Ronald Johnson, Antonella Francheska Lavelanet, Stephanie Schlitt
BACKGROUND: The Global Abortion Policies Database (GAPD), launched in June 2017, provides a verifiable, comprehensive, nuanced approach to information and data sources on abortion law and policy. Abortion laws, policies, and guidelines from United Nations (UN) and World Health Organization (WHO) Member States are juxtaposed to information and recommendations from WHO safe abortion guidance, national sexual and reproductive health indicators, and relevant UN human rights bodies' concluding observations to countries...
September 12, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170582/life-after-conflict-related-amputation-trauma-a-clinical-study-from-the-gaza-strip
#3
Hanne Edøy Heszlein-Lossius, Yahya Al-Borno, Samar Shaqqoura, Nashwa Skaik, Lasse Melvaer Giil, Mads Gilbert
BACKGROUND: More than 17.000 Palestinians were injured during different Israeli military incursions on the Gaza Strip from 2006 to 2014. Many suffered traumatic extremity amputations. We describe the injuries, complications, living conditions and health among a selection of traumatic amputees in the Gaza Strip. METHODS: We included 254 civilian Palestinians who had survived, but lost one or more limb(s) during military incursions from 2006 to 2016. All patients were receiving follow-up treatment at a physical rehabilitation center in Gaza at the time of inclusion...
August 31, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165841/missing-knowledge-of-gendered-power-relations-among-non-governmental-organisations-doing-right-to-health-work-a-case-study-from-south-africa
#4
Mayara Fontes Marx, Leslie London, Alex Müller
BACKGROUND: Despite 20 years of democracy, South Africa still suffers from profound health inequalities. Gender roles and norms are associated with individuals' vulnerability that lead to ill-health. For instance, gender inequality influences women's access to health care and women's agency to make health-related decisions. This paper explores gender-awareness and inclusivity in organisations that advocate for the right to health in South Africa, and analyses how this knowledge impacts their work? METHODS: In total, 10 in-depth interviews were conducted with members of The Learning Network for Health and Human Rights (LN), a network of universities and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) which is explicitly committed to advancing the right to health, but not explicitly gendered in its orientation...
August 30, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103744/correction-to-the-burden-of-war-injury-in-the-palestinian-health-care-sector-in-gaza-strip
#5
Marwan Mosleh, Koustuv Dalal, Yousef Aljeesh, Leif Svanström
In the original publication of this article [1] the background section contained an inaccurate mention of the amount of civilian deaths in the 2014 Gaza war. In this correction article the incorrect and correct information are published for clarification.
August 13, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081894/contemporary-women-prisoners-health-experiences-unique-prison-health-care-needs-and-health-care-outcomes-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-scoping-review-of-extant-literature
#6
Marie Claire Van Hout, Rosemary Mhlanga-Gunda
BACKGROUND: Sub Saharan African (SSA) prisons have seen a substantial increase in women prisoners in recent years. Despite this increase, women prisoners constitute a minority in male dominated prison environments, and their special health needs are often neglected. Research activity on prison health remains scant in SSA, with gathering of strategic information generally restricted to infectious diseases (human immunodeficiency virus infection HIV/tuberculosis TB), and particularly focused on male prisoners...
August 6, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045729/shared-latrines-in-maputo-mozambique-exploring-emotional-well-being-and-psychosocial-stress
#7
Tess Shiras, Oliver Cumming, Joe Brown, Bacelar Muneme, Rassul Nala, Robert Dreibelbis
BACKGROUND: Approximately 18% of Sub-Saharan Africa's urban population relies on shared sanitation facilities, which are shared by one or more households. While there is growing recognition of sanitation's relationship with stress and well-being - particularly among women - most research has focused on rural populations and the transition from open defecation and/or unimproved latrines to private shared sanitation. This study explores sanitation-related stressors among users of both improved and unimproved shared sanitation facilities...
July 25, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30012137/health-expenditure-child-and-maternal-mortality-nexus-a-comparative-global-analysis
#8
Rezwanul Hasan Rana, Khorshed Alam, Jeff Gow
BACKGROUND: This paper provides empirical evidence on how the relationship between health expenditure and health outcomes varies across countries at different income levels. METHOD: Heterogeneity and cross-section dependence were controlled for in the panel data which consist of 161 countries over the period 1995-2014. Infant, under-five and maternal mortality along with life expectancy at birth were selected as health outcome measures. Cross-sectional augmented IPS unit root, panel autoregressive distributed lag, Dumitrescu-Hurlin and Toda-Yamamoto approach to Granger causality tests were used to investigate the relationship across four income groups...
July 16, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29954389/the-burden-of-war-injury-in-the-palestinian-health-care-sector-in-gaza-strip
#9
Marwan Mosleh, Koustuv Dalal, Yousef Aljeesh, Leif Svanström
BACKGROUND: War-related injury is a major public health concern, and a leading cause of mortality, morbidity, and disability globally, particularly in low and middle-income countries such as Palestine. Little is known about the burden of war-related injury in the Palestinian context. The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence and pattern of injuries, associated with war in Gaza Strip, from July 8 to August 26, 2014. METHODS: This was a descriptive study based on an injury registry at hospital facilities in the Gaza Strip...
June 28, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950171/determinants-and-perceptions-of-the-utilization-of-tetanus-toxoid-immunization-among-reproductive-age-women-in-dukem-town-eastern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#10
Meseret Delesa Anatea, Tesfaye Hambisa Mekonnen, Berihun Assefa Dachew
BACKGROUND: Maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) is still the major public health problem in about 25 countries, mainly in Africa and Asia. However, the utilization of intervention strategies, like tetanus toxoid (TT) immunization remains low in these countries. In Ethiopia, only 49% of the pregnant mothers received TT2+ in 2016. This study was designed to evaluate perceptions and factors affecting the utilization of TT immunization among reproductive-age women in Dukem town, Eastern Ethiopia, 2016...
June 28, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29940955/combining-survey-data-gis-and-qualitative-interviews-in-the-analysis-of-health-service-access-for-persons-with-disabilities
#11
Arne H Eide, Karin Dyrstad, Alister Munthali, Gert Van Rooy, Stine H Braathen, Thomas Halvorsen, Frans Persendt, Peter Mvula, Jan Ketil Rød
BACKGROUND: Equitable access to health services is a key ingredient in reaching health for persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups. So far, research on access to health services in low- and middle-income countries has largely relied on self-reported survey data. Realizing that there may be substantial discrepancies between perceived and actual access, other methods are needed for more precise knowledge to guide health policy and planning. The objective of this article is to describe and discuss an innovative methodological triangulation where statistical and spatial analysis of perceived distance and objective measures of access is combined with qualitative evidence...
June 26, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895288/registered-or-unregistered-levels-and-differentials-in-registration-and-certification-of-births-in-ghana
#12
Fidelia A A Dake, Kamil Fuseini
BACKGROUND: The birth of a child is a vital event that needs to be registered but this is not always the case as an estimated 40 million births go unregistered annually. Birth registration safeguards the basic rights of children and gives them an identity, citizenship/nationality and legal protection against violence, abuse and human rights violations. It is therefore necessary that all births are registered and even more critical that the registration of a birth is followed by the issuance of a birth certificate...
June 13, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884188/factors-associated-with-sexual-risk-taking-behavior-by-precarious-urban-migrants-in-french-guiana
#13
August Eubanks, Marie Claire Parriault, Astrid Van Melle, Célia Basurko, Leila Adriouch, Claire Cropet, Mathieu Nacher
BACKGROUND: French Guiana is highly affected by HIV. The migrant population is particularly susceptible. The objective of this study was to evaluate the level of risk of HIV transmission and its perception among migrants in French Guiana and to identify predictive factors. METHODS: An HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors and Practices study was conducted in 2012 among migrants living in precarious neighborhoods of French Guiana. RESULTS: Of the 1039 participants surveyed, 893 were analyzed, of which 35...
June 8, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866163/language-interpretation-conditions-and-boundaries-in-multilingual-and-multicultural-emergency-healthcare
#14
Christina Lundin, Emina Hadziabdic, Katarina Hjelm
BACKGROUND: With an increasing migrant population globally the need to organize interpreting service arises in emergency healthcare to deliver equitable high-quality care. The aims of this study were to describe interpretation practices in multilingual emergency health service institutions and to explore the impact of the organizational and institutional context and possible consequences of different approaches to interpretation. No previous studies on these issues in multilingual emergency care have been found...
June 5, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801498/factors-shaping-political-priorities-for-violence-against-women-mitigation-policies-in-sri-lanka
#15
Manuela Colombini, Susannah H Mayhew, Ragnhild Lund, Navpreet Singh, Katarina Swahnberg, Jennifer Infanti, Berit Schei, Kumudu Wijewardene
BACKGROUND: Although violence against women (VAW) is a global public health issue, its importance as a health issue is often unrecognized in legal and health policy documents. This paper uses Sri Lanka as a case study to explore the factors influencing the national policy response to VAW, particularly by the health sector. METHODS: A document based health policy analysis was conducted to examine current policy responses to VAW in Sri Lanka using the Shiffman and Smith (2007) policy analysis framework...
May 25, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793472/realization-of-the-right-to-adequate-food-and-the-nutritional-status-of-land-evictees-a-case-for-mothers-caregivers-and-their-children-in-rural-central-uganda
#16
Aziiza Nahalomo, Per Ole Iversen, Peter Milton Rukundo, Archileo Kaaya, Joyce Kikafunda, Wenche Barth Eide, Maritha Marais, Edward Wamala, Margaret Kabahenda
BACKGROUND: In developing countries like Uganda, the human right to adequate food (RtAF) is inextricably linked to access to land for households to feed themselves directly through production or means for its procurement. Whether RtAF is enjoyed among Ugandan land evictees, is unknown. We therefore explored this among land evictees (rights-holders) in Wakiso and Mpigi districts in rural Central Uganda. We assessed food accessibility and related coping strategies, diet quality and nutritional status of children 6-59 months old, and their caregivers...
May 24, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769071/informal-workers-access-to-health-care-services-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-in-the-kassena-nankana-districts-of-northern-ghana
#17
James Akazili, Samuel Chatio, John Ele-Ojo Ataguba, Isaiah Agorinya, Edmund Wedam Kanmiki, Osman Sankoh, Abraham Oduro
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, employment in the informal sector has grown rapidly in all regions including low and middle-income countries. In the developing countries, between 50 and 75% of workers are employed in the informal sector. In Ghana, more than 80% of the total working population is working in the informal sector. They are largely self-employed persons such as farmers, traders, food processors, artisans, craft-workers among others. The persistent problem in advancing efforts to address health vulnerabilities of informal workers is lack of systematic data...
May 16, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764412/causes-of-death-among-street-connected-children-and-youth-in-eldoret-kenya
#18
Lonnie Embleton, David Ayuku, Dominic Makori, Allan Kamanda, Paula Braitstein
BACKGROUND: Street-connected young people carry a disproportionate burden of morbidities, and engage in a variety of practices that may heighten their risk of premature mortality, yet there are currently no reports in the literature on the rates or risk factors for mortality among them, nor on their causes of death. In low- and middle-income countries they are frequently in situations that violate their human rights, likely contributing to their increased burden of morbidities and vulnerability to mortality...
May 15, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739403/persons-with-disabilities-as-experts-by-experience-using-personal-narratives-to-affect-community-attitudes-in-kilifi-kenya
#19
Joseph K Gona, Charles R Newton, Sally Hartley, Karen Bunning
BACKGROUND: The last decade has seen improved public awareness of disability in sub-Saharan Africa. However, negative and stereotypical views of disability still persist in many communities. We conducted a study to promote awareness of disability in rural Kenya, using a process of reflection and education. This paper reports on the second aspect - education. The research question was: How can personal narratives of living with disability affect community attitudes and responses to disability? METHODS: A qualitative phenomenological approach was adopted...
May 8, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665819/examination-of-the-roles-and-capacities-of-duty-bearers-responsible-for-protecting-the-human-rights-to-adequate-food-nutritional-health-and-wellbeing-in-ugandan-children-s-homes
#20
Monica Olafsen, Archangel Byaruhanga Rukooko, Per Ole Iversen, Bård A Andreassen
BACKGROUND: The majority of Ugandan children face vulnerability and malnutrition. As a State Party to international human rights treaties, Uganda has legal obligations of guaranteeing the fundamental rights and the best interest of the nation's children. Despite being protected under international and national law, Uganda is not providing adequate child protection, including safeguarding children's food security. Numerous privately owned and unregulated children's homes face this problem...
April 17, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
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