journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BMC International Health and Human Rights

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347938/a-survey-of-health-problems-of-nepalese-female-migrants-workers-in-the-middle-east-and-malaysia
#1
Padam Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen, Manju Gurung, Sharada P Wasti
BACKGROUND: Nepal is a key supplier of labour for countries in the Middle East, India and Malaysia. As many more men than women leave Nepal to work abroad, female migrant workers are a minority and very much under-researched. The aim of the study was to explore the health problems of female Nepalese migrants working in the Middle-East and Malaysia. METHODS: The study was conducted among 1010 women who were registered as migrant returnees at an organisation called Pourakhi Nepal...
January 18, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347929/the-hiv-self-testing-debate-where-do-we-stand
#2
REVIEW
Marilou Gagnon, Martin French, Yamilee Hébert
BACKGROUND: Emphasis on HIV testing as a gateway to prevention, treatment and care has grown tremendously over the past decade. In turn, this emphasis on testing has created a demand for new policies, programs, and technologies that can potentially increase access to and uptake of HIV testing. HIV self-testing (HST) technologies have gained important momentum following the approval of the over-the-counter self-tests in the United States, the UK, and France. While the renewed interest in HST has given rise to a number of high quality reviews of empirical studies conducted on this topic, we have yet to find an article that captures the extent of the debate on HST...
January 18, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338708/patterns-of-illness-disclosure-among-indian-slum-dwellers-a-qualitative-study
#3
Moumita Das, Federica Angeli, Anja J S M Krumeich, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Slum dwellers display specific traits when it comes to disclosing their illnesses to professionals. The resulting actions lead to poor health-seeking behaviour and underutilisation of existing formal health facilities. The ways that slum people use to communicate their feelings about illness, the type of confidants that they choose, and the supportive and unsupportive social and cultural interactions to which they are exposed have not yet been studied in the Indian context, which constitutes an important knowledge gap for Indian policymakers and practitioners alike...
January 16, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329540/children-with-albinism-in-african-regions-their-rights-to-being-and-doing
#4
Anita Franklin, Patricia Lund, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Albinism is an inherited condition with a relatively high prevalence in populations throughout sub-Saharan Africa. People with oculocutaneous albinism have little or no pigment in their hair, skin and eyes; thus they are visually impaired and extremely sensitive to the damaging effect of the sun on their skin. Aside from the health implications of oculocutaneous albinism, there are also significant sociocultural risks. The impacts of albinism are particularly serious in areas that associate albinism with legend and folklore, leading to stigmatisation and discrimination...
January 12, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325549/does-exposure-to-interparental-violence-increase-women-s-risk-of-intimate-partner-violence-evidence-from-nigeria-demographic-and-health-survey
#5
Bola Lukman Solanke
BACKGROUND: Exposure to interparental violence (EIPV) has been identified as a risk factor for intimate partner violence (IPV). However, studies in Nigeria have rarely and specifically examined exposure to interparental violence as a predictor of IPV. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between exposure to interparental violence and women's experience of intimate partner violence. METHODS: The 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) women recode dataset was analysed...
January 11, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202754/institutional-context-and-vct-practitioner-narratives-possibilities-and-limitations-for-hiv-prevention-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#6
Claudia Mora, Simone Monteiro, Carlos Otávio Fiúza Moreira
BACKGROUND: Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) is an HIV prevention strategy that promotes the principles of confidentiality and informed consent. International research has highlighted VCT counselors' isolation from service planning and the contradictions they negotiate between local values and global testing recommendations. In Brazil, studies have identified many limitations, including counselors' difficulties to implement a vulnerability approach to HIV prevention as recommended in the country's national guidelines...
December 4, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047415/transgender-women-in-malaysia-in-the-context-of-hiv-and-islam-a-qualitative-study-of-stakeholders-perceptions
#7
Sima Barmania, Syed Mohamed Aljunid
BACKGROUND: Globally, one of the key groups considered to be at high risk of acquiring HIV are transgender women, often a marginalised group. In the Malaysian context there has been a scarcity of published research relating to transgender women, a sensitive issue in a Muslim majority country, where Islam plays an influential role in society. Furthermore, there has been a paucity of research relating to how such issues relate to HIV prevention in transgender women in Malaysia. Thus, the aim of this study is to explore the attitudes of stakeholders involved in HIV prevention policy in Malaysia towards transgender women, given the Islamic context...
October 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025417/human-rights-and-mental-health-in-post-apartheid-south-africa-lessons-from-health-care-professionals-working-with-suicidal-inmates-in-the-prison-system
#8
Jason Bantjes, Leslie Swartz, Pieter Niewoudt
BACKGROUND: During the era of apartheid in South Africa, a number of mental health professionals were vocal about the need for socio-economic and political reform. They described the deleterious psychological and social impact of the oppressive and discriminatory Nationalist state policies. However, they remained optimistic that democracy would usher in positive changes. In this article, we consider how mental health professionals working in post-apartheid South Africa experience their work...
October 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025398/should-community-health-workers-offer-support-healthcare-services-to-survivors-of-sexual-violence-a-systematic-review
#9
Anne Gatuguta, Barbra Katusiime, Janet Seeley, Manuela Colombini, Isaac Mwanzo, Karen Devries
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence is widespread, yet relatively few survivors receive healthcare or complete treatment. In low and middle-income countries, community health workers (CHWs) have the potential to provide support services to large numbers of survivors. The aim of this review was to document the role of CHWs in sexual violence services. We aimed to: 1) describe existing models of CHWs services including characteristics of CHWs, services delivered and populations served; 2) explore acceptability of CHWs' services to survivors and feasibility of delivering such services; and 3) document the benefits and challenges of CHW-provided sexual violence services...
October 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938895/-it-is-good-to-take-her-early-to-the-doctor-mothers-understanding-of-childhood-pneumonia-symptoms-and-health-care-seeking-in-kilimanjaro-region-tanzania
#10
Florida Muro, Judith Meta, Jenny Renju, Adiel Mushi, Hilda Mbakilwa, Raimos Olomi, Hugh Reyburn, Helena Hildenwall
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is among the leading causes of avoidable deaths for young children globally. The main burden of mortality falls on children from poor and rural families who are less likely to obtain the treatment they need, highlighting inequities in access to effective care and treatment. Caretakers' illness perceptions and care-seeking practices are of major importance for children with pneumonia to receive adequate care. This study qualitatively explores the caretaker concepts of childhood pneumonia in relation to treatment seeking behaviour and health worker management in Moshi urban district, Tanzania...
September 22, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934949/online-surveillance-of-media-health-event-reporting-in-nepal-digital-disease-detection-from-a-one-health-perspective
#11
Jessica S Schwind, Stephanie A Norman, Dibesh Karmacharya, David J Wolking, Sameer M Dixit, Rajesh M Rajbhandari, Sumiko R Mekaru, John S Brownstein
BACKGROUND: Traditional media and the internet are crucial sources of health information. Media can significantly shape public opinion, knowledge and understanding of emerging and endemic health threats. As digital communication rapidly progresses, local access and dissemination of health information contribute significantly to global disease detection and reporting. METHODS: Health event reports in Nepal (October 2013-December 2014) were used to characterize Nepal's media environment from a One Health perspective using HealthMap - a global online disease surveillance and mapping tool...
September 21, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923078/curbing-the-lifestyle-disease-pandemic-making-progress-on-an-interdisciplinary-research-agenda-for-law-and-policy-interventions
#12
Brigit Toebes, Marlies Hesselman, Jitse P van Dijk, Joost Herman
By 2030, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) will be the leading cause of death in every region in the world. While law and policy have an important role to play in curbing this pandemic, our current understanding of how they can most effectively be used is still limited. This contribution identifies a number of gaps in current research and insists on an interdisciplinary research agenda between law, health science and international relations aimed at designing concrete proposals for laws and policies to curb the NCD pandemic, both globally and domestically...
September 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899376/perceptions-about-iranian-kurds-ethnic-inequality-in-health
#13
Arezoo Yari, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Reza Majdzadeh
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows ethnic-inequality is a very effective variable in the Community and individual health associated outcomes. This study focused on gaining a deeper understanding of people's perception on inequality of health in Iranian-Kurds and its determinants. METHODS: The study was conducted in the three cities of Marivan, Sanandaj (capital of Kurdistan province in Iran) and Tehran (capital of the country). The study was conducted through 34 in-depth interviews and ten focus group discussions with health services users, academic graduates and health delivery service personnel...
September 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899374/determinants-of-internal-migrant-health-and-the-healthy-migrant-effect-in-south-india-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Warren Dodd, Sally Humphries, Kirit Patel, Shannon Majowicz, Matthew Little, Cate Dewey
BACKGROUND: Internal labour migration is an important and necessary livelihood strategy for millions of individuals and households in India. However, the precarious position of migrant workers within Indian society may have consequences for the health of these individuals. Previous research on the connections between health and labour mobility within India have primarily focused on the negative health outcomes associated with this practice. Thus, there is a need to better identify the determinants of internal migrant health and how these determinants shape migrant health outcomes...
September 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818075/perspectives-of-basic-wheelchair-users-on-improving-their-access-to-wheelchair-services-in-kenya-and-philippines-a-qualitative-study
#15
Emma Williams, Elizabeth Hurwitz, Immaculate Obaga, Brenda Onguti, Adovich Rivera, Tyrone Reden L Sy, R Lee Kirby, Jamie Noon, Deepti Tanuku, Anthony Gichangi, Eva Bazant
BACKGROUND: The United Nations has called for countries to improve access to mobility devices when needed. The World Health Organization has published guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less-resourced settings. Yet little is known about the extent to which appropriate wheelchairs are available and provided according to international guidelines. This study's purpose was to describe wheelchair users' experiences receiving services and acquiring wheelchair skills in urban and peri-urban areas of Kenya and the Philippines...
August 17, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774306/realizing-universal-health-coverage-in-east-africa-the-relevance-of-human-rights
#16
Alicia Ely Yamin, Allan Maleche
Applying a robust human rights framework would change thinking and decision-making in efforts to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC), and advance efforts to promote women's, children's, and adolescents' health in East Africa, which is a priority under the Sustainable Development Agenda. Nevertheless, there is a gap between global rhetoric of human rights and ongoing health reform efforts. This debate article seeks to fill part of that gap by setting out principles of human rights-based approaches (HRBAs), and then applying those principles to questions that countries undertaking efforts toward UHC and promoting women's, children's and adolescents' health, will need to face, focusing in particular on ensuring enabling legal and policy frameworks, establishing fair financing; priority-setting processes, and meaningful oversight and accountability mechanisms...
August 3, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768541/key-populations-and-human-rights-in-the-context-of-hiv-services-rendition-in-ghana
#17
Amos Laar, Debra DeBruin
BACKGROUND: In line with its half century old penal code, Ghana currently criminalizes and penalizes behaviors of some key populations - populations deemed to be at higher risk of acquiring or transmitting Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Men who have sex with men (MSM), and sex workers (SWs) fit into this categorization. This paper provides an analysis of how enactment and implementation of rights-limiting laws not only limit rights, but also amplify risk and vulnerability to HIV in key and general populations...
August 2, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738807/sexual-violence-against-female-university-students-in-ethiopia
#18
Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Mihiret Abreham Hagos
BACKGROUND: Though many women are suffering the consequences of sexual violence, only few victims speak out as it is sensitive and prone to stigma. This lack of data made it difficult to get full picture of the problem and design proper interventions. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with sexual violence among female students of Wolaita Sodo University, south Ethiopia. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 462 regular female Wolaita Sodo University students on April 7/2015...
July 24, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720089/analysis-of-the-association-between-millennium-development-goals-4-5-and-the-physician-workforce-across-international-economic-strata
#19
Christopher P Morley, Dongliang Wang, Emily M Mader, Kyle P Plante, Lindsey N Kingston, Azadeh Rabiei
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are 8 international development goals voluntarily adopted by 189 nations. The goals included health related aims to reduce the under-five child mortality rate by two-thirds (MDG4), and to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three-quarters (MDG5). To assess the relationship between the healthcare workforce and MDGs 4-5, we examined the physician workforces of countries around the globe, in terms of the Physician Density Level (PDL, or number of physicians per 1000 population), and compared this rate across a number of years to several indicator variables specified as markers of progress towards MDG4 and MDG5...
July 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629455/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-autonomy-childbirth-practices-and-obstetric-fistula-among-women-in-rural-lilongwe-district-malawi
#20
Julika Ayla Kaplan, Jonathan Kandodo, Joseph Sclafani, Susan Raine, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Alison Norris, Abigail Norris-Turner, Elly Chemey, John Michael Beckham, Zara Khan, Reginald Chunda
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by prolonged obstructed labor, many other factors indirectly increase fistula risk. Some research suggests that many women in rural Malawi have limited autonomy and decision-making power in their households. We hypothesize that women's limited autonomy may play a role in reinforcing childbirth practices that increase the risk of obstetric fistula in this setting by hindering access to emergency care and further prolonging obstructed labor...
June 19, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
journal
journal
39208
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"