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BMC Health Services Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938914/impact-of-basic-life-support-training-on-the-attitudes-of-health-care-workers-toward-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-defibrillation
#1
Mostafa A Abolfotouh, Manal A Alnasser, Alamin N Berhanu, Deema A Al-Turaif, Abdulrhman I Alfayez
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) increases the probability of survival of a person with cardiac arrest. Repeating training helps staff retain knowledge in CPR and in use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs). Retention of knowledge and skills during and after training in CPR is difficult and requires systematic training with appropriate methodology. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of basic life-support (BLS) training on the attitudes of health-care providers toward initiating CPR and on use of AEDs, and to investigate the factors that influence these attitudes...
September 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938892/allocation-of-home-care-services-by-municipalities-in-norway-a-document-analysis
#2
Solrun G Holm, Terje A Mathisen, Torill M Sæterstrand, Berit S Brinchmann
BACKGROUND: In Norway, elder care is primarily a municipal responsibility. Municipal health services strive to offer the 'lowest level of effective care,' and home healthcare services are defined as the lowest level of care in Norway. Municipalities determine the type(s) of service and the amount of care applicants require. The services granted are outlined in an individual decision letter, which serves as a contract between the municipality and the home healthcare recipient. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the scope and duration of home healthcare services allocated by municipalities and to determine where home care recipients live in relation to home healthcare service offices...
September 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931388/progress-and-outcomes-of-health-systems-reform-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-systematic-review
#3
Erik Koornneef, Paul Robben, Iain Blair
BACKGROUND: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) government aspires to build a world class health system to improve the quality of healthcare and the health outcomes for its population. To achieve this it has implemented extensive health system reforms in the past 10 years. The nature, extent and success of these reforms has not recently been comprehensively reviewed. In this paper we review the progress and outcomes of health systems reform in the UAE. METHODS: We searched relevant databases and other sources to identify published and unpublished studies and other data available between 01 January 2002 and 31 March 2016...
September 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927451/implementing-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-for-aneuploidy-in-a-national-healthcare-system-global-challenges-and-national-solutions
#4
Rachèl V van Schendel, Carla G van El, Eva Pajkrt, Lidewij Henneman, Martina C Cornel
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in 2011, mainly by commercial companies, a growing demand for NIPT from the public and healthcare professionals has been putting pressure on the healthcare systems of various countries. This study identifies the challenges of establishing a responsible implementation of NIPT for aneuploidy in prenatal healthcare, by looking at the Netherlands. METHODS: A mixed methods approach involving 13 stakeholder interviews, document analysis and (participatory) observations of the Dutch NIPT Consortium meetings were used...
September 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927450/unit-cost-of-healthcare-services-at-200-bed-public-hospitals-in-myanmar-what-plays-an-important-role-of-hospital-budgeting
#5
Thet Mon Than, Yu Mon Saw, Moe Khaing, Ei Mon Win, Su Myat Cho, Tetsuyoshi Kariya, Eiko Yamamoto, Nobuyuki Hamajima
BACKGROUND: Cost information is important for efficient allocation of healthcare expenditure, estimating future budget allocation, and setting user fees to start new financing systems. Myanmar is in political transition, and trying to achieve universal health coverage by 2030. This study assessed the unit cost of healthcare services at two public hospitals in the country from the provider perspective. The study also analyzed the cost structure of the hospitals to allocate and manage the budgets appropriately...
September 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927415/trends-in-the-use-and-costs-of-round-the-clock-long-term-care-in-the-last-two-years-of-life-among-old-people-between-2002-and-2013-in-finland
#6
Leena Forma, Marja Jylhä, Jutta Pulkki, Mari Aaltonen, Jani Raitanen, Pekka Rissanen
BACKGROUND: The structure of long-term care (LTC) for old people has changed: care has been shifted from institutions to the community, and death is being postponed to increasingly old age. The aim of the study was to analyze how the use and costs of LTC in the last two years of life among old people changed between 2002 and 2013. METHODS: Data were derived from national registers. The study population contains all those who died at the age of 70 years or older in 2002-2013 in Finland (N = 427,078)...
September 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927407/agency-responses-to-a-system-driven-implementation-of-multiple-evidence-based-practices-in-children-s-mental-health-services
#7
Jennifer Regan, Anna S Lau, Miya Barnett, Nicole Stadnick, Alison Hamilton, Keri Pesanti, Lillian Bando, Lauren Brookman-Frazee
BACKGROUND: Large mental health systems are increasingly using fiscal policies to encourage the implementation of multiple evidence-based practices (EBPs). Although many implementation strategies have been identified, little is known about the types and impacts of strategies that are used by organizations within implementation as usual. This study examined organizational-level responses to a fiscally-driven, rapid, and large scale EBP implementation in children's mental health within the Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health...
September 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923110/development-of-an-arabic-inpatient-satisfaction-survey-application-in-acute-medical-rehabilitation-setting-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Ahmed Aboabat, Hazem Qannam
BACKGROUND: In the management of chronic disease, evidence suggests that satisfied patients exhibit more loyalty to treatment providers and greater adherence to treatment regimens. This is particularly so in the rehabilitation setting. We aimed to develop a reliable and valid Arabic-language survey to objectively measure inpatient satisfaction in medical rehabilitation settings in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The King Fahad Medical City Rehabilitation Hospital Patient Satisfaction Survey (RH PSS) is a self-administered survey that addresses four domains of rehabilitation care: access, structure, process, and outcomes...
September 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923106/impact-of-nursing-home-admission-on-health-care-use-and-disease-status-elderly-dependent-people-one-year-before-and-one-year-after-skilled-nursing-home-admission-based-on-2012-2013-sniiram-data
#9
A Atramont, I Bourdel-Marchasson, D Bonnet-Zamponi, I Tangre, A Fagot-Campagna, P Tuppin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare disease status and health care use 1 year before and 1 year after skilled nursing home (SNH) admission. METHODS: People over the age of 65 years admitted to SNH during the first quarter of 2013, covered by the national health insurance general scheme (69% of the population of this age), and still alive 1 year after admission were identified (n = 14,487, mean age: 86 years, women: 76%). Their reimbursed health care was extracted from the Système National d'Information Interrégimes de l'Assurance Maladie (SNIIRAM) [National Health Insurance Information System]...
September 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923103/moderate-sensitivity-and-high-specificity-of-emergency-department-administrative-data-for-transient-ischemic-attacks
#10
Amy Y X Yu, Hude Quan, Andrew McRae, Gabrielle O Wagner, Michael D Hill, Shelagh B Coutts
BACKGROUND: Validation of administrative data case definitions is key for accurate passive surveillance of disease. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a condition primarily managed in the emergency department. However, prior validation studies have focused on data after inpatient hospitalization. We aimed to determine the validity of the Canadian 10th International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10-CA) codes for TIA in the national ambulatory administrative database. METHODS: We performed a diagnostic accuracy study of four ICD-10-CA case definition algorithms for TIA in the emergency department setting...
September 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923044/cost-benefit-of-investment-on-quality-in-pharmaceutical-manufacturing-who-gmp-pre-and-post-certification-of-a-nigerian-pharmaceutical-manufacturer
#11
Chimezie Anyakora, Obinna Ekwunife, Faith Alozie, Mopa Esuga, Jonathan Ukwuru, Steve Onya, Jude Nwokike
BACKGROUND: Pharmaceutical companies in Africa need to invest in both facilities and quality management systems to achieve good manufacturing practice (GMP) compliance. Compliance to international GMP standards is important to the attainment of World Health Organization (WHO) prequalification. However, most of the local pharmaceutical manufacturing companies may be deterred from investing in quality because of many reasons, ranging from financial constraints to technical capacity. This paper primarily evaluates benefits against the cost of investing in GMP, using a Nigerian pharmaceutical company, Chi Pharmaceuticals Limited, as a case study...
September 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915837/professional-groups-driving-change-toward-patient-centred-care-interprofessional-working-in-stroke-rehabilitation-in-denmark
#12
Viola Burau, Kathrine Carstensen, Stina Lou, Ellen Kuhlmann
BACKGROUND: Patient-centred care based on needs has been gaining momentum in health policy and the workforce. This creates new demand for interprofessional teams and redefining roles and tasks of professionals, yet little is known on how to implement new health policies more effectively. Our aim was to analyse the role and capacity of health professions in driving organisational change in interprofessional working and patient-centred care. METHODS: A case study of the introduction of interprofessional, early discharge teams in stroke rehabilitation in Denmark was conducted with focus on day-to-day coordination of care tasks and the professional groups' interests and strategies...
September 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915814/mediation-effects-of-medication-information-processing-and-adherence-on-association-between-health-literacy-and-quality-of-life
#13
Sunmi Song, Seung-Mi Lee, Sunmee Jang, Yoon Jin Lee, Na-Hyun Kim, Hye-Ryoung Sohn, Dong-Churl Suh
BACKGROUND: To examine whether medication related information processing defined as reading of over-the-counter drug labels, understanding prescription instructions, and information seeking-and medication adherence account for the association between health literacy and quality of life, and whether these associations may be moderated by age and gender. METHODS: A sample of 305 adults in South Korea was recruited through a proportional quota sampling to take part in a cross-sectional survey on health literacy, medication-related information processing, medication adherence, and quality of life...
September 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915812/the-economic-burden-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-in-taiwan
#14
Jihyung Hong, Yiling Tsai, Diego Novick, Frank Chi-Huang Hsiao, Rebecca Cheng, Jen-Shi Chen
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in both sexes worldwide, especially in Eastern Asia. This study aimed to estimate the economic burden of advanced gastric cancer (AGC) in Taiwan. METHODS: The costs of AGC in 2013 were estimated using resource use data from a chart review study (n = 122 with AGC) and national statistics. Annual per-patient costs, where patients' follow-up periods were adjusted for, were estimated with 82 patients who had complete resource use data...
September 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915842/towards-the-development-of-a-wellbeing-model-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-peoples-living-with-chronic-disease
#15
Carol Davy, Elaine Kite, Leda Sivak, Alex Brown, Timena Ahmat, Gary Brahim, Anna Dowling, Shaun Jacobson, Tania Kelly, Kaylene Kemp, Fiona Mitchell, Tina Newman, Margaret O'Brien, Jason Pitt, Kesha Roesch, Christine Saddler, Maida Stewart, Tiana Thomas
BACKGROUND: Re-defining the way in which care is delivered, to reflect Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' needs and values, is essential for improving the accessibility of primary healthcare. This study focused on developing a Framework to support the quality of care and quality of life of, as well as treatment for, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples living with chronic disease. METHODS: A team of researchers, including thirteen experienced Aboriginal healthcare professionals, came together to undertake this important work...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915817/cultural-adaptation-of-a-pediatric-functional-assessment-for-rehabilitation-outcomes-research
#16
Kristen E Arestad, David MacPhee, Chun Y Lim, Mary A Khetani
BACKGROUND: Significant racial and ethnic health care disparities experienced by Hispanic children with special health care needs (CSHCN) create barriers to enacting culturally competent rehabilitation services. One way to minimize the impact of disparities in rehabilitation is to equip practitioners with culturally relevant functional assessments to accurately determine service needs. Current approaches to culturally adapting assessments have three major limitations: use of inconsistent translation processes; current processes assess for some, but not all, elements of cultural equivalence; and limited evidence to guide decision making about whether to undertake cultural adaptation with and without language translation...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915813/the-relationship-between-burden-of-childhood-disease-and-foreign-aid-for-child-health
#17
J Clay Bavinger, Paul Wise, Eran Bendavid
BACKGROUND: We sought to examine the relationship between child specific health aid (CHA) and burden of disease. Based on existing evidence, we hypothesized that foreign aid for child health would not be proportional to burden of disease. METHODS: In order to examine CHA and burden of disease, we obtained estimates of these parameters from established sources. Estimates of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in children (0-5 years) were obtained from the World Health Organization for 2000 and 2012...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915811/strategies-for-the-quality-assessment-of-the-health-care-service-providers-in-the-treatment-of-gastric-cancer-in-colombia
#18
María Del Pilar Villamil, David Barrera, Nubia Velasco, Oscar Bernal, Esteban Fajardo, Carlos Urango, Sebastian Buitrago
BACKGROUND: While, at its inception in 1993, the health care system in Colombia was publicized as a paradigm to be copied across the developing world, numerous problems in its implementation have led to, what is now, an inefficient and crisis-ridden health system. Furthermore, as a result of inappropriate tools to measure the quality of the health service providers, several corruption scandals have arisen in the country. This study attempts to tackle this situation by proposing a strategy for the quality assessment of the health service providers (Entidades Promotoras de Salud, EPS) in the Colombian health system...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915810/does-one-workshop-on-respecting-cultural-differences-increase-health-professionals-confidence-to-improve-the-care-of-australian-aboriginal-patients-with-cancer-an-evaluation
#19
Angela Durey, Georgia Halkett, Melissa Berg, Leanne Lester, Marion Kickett
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal Australians have worse cancer survival rates than other Australians. Reasons include fear of a cancer diagnosis, reluctance to attend mainstream health services and discrimination from health professionals. Offering health professionals education in care focusing on Aboriginal patients' needs is important. The aim of this paper was to evaluate whether participating in a workshop improved the confidence of radiation oncology health professionals in their knowledge, communication and ability to offer culturally safe healthcare to Aboriginal Australians with cancer...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915809/-maybe-we-should-talk-about-it-anyway-a-qualitative-study-of-understanding-expectations-and-use-of-an-established-technology-innovation-in-caring-practices
#20
Randi Stokke
BACKGROUND: Technological innovations are strongly promoted to meet the demands posed by increased pressure on home care services and to assist ageing in place in western societies. Although heavily advocated as plug and play solutions, technologies have proven difficult and unpredictable when integrated into home care services. We need greater insight into what happens when technologies are integrated into caring practices. All technologies come with expectations as to their function...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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