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BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983636/the-burden-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-its-effect-on-quality-of-life-among-patients-re-attending-an-otolaryngology-clinic-in-south-western-uganda
#1
Victoria Nyaiteera, Doreen Nakku, Esther Nakasagga, Evelyn Llovet, Elijah Kakande, Gladys Nakalema, Richard Byaruhanga, Francis Bajunirwe
Background: Worldwide, the burden of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is variable, but not known in Uganda. CRS has significant negative impact on quality of life (QOL) and as such QOL scores should guide adjustments in treatment strategies. However, most of these studies have been done in the west. Our hypothesis was that QOL scores of the majority of CRS patients in low- to- middle income countries are poorer than those among patients without CRS . The aim of this study was to determine the burden of CRS among patients re-attending the Otolaryngology clinic and whether CRS is related to poor QOL...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983635/a-questionnaire-using-vocal-symptoms-in-quality-control-of-phonosurgery-vocal-surgical-questionnaire
#2
Aleksander Grande Hansen, Chi Zhang, Jens Øyvind Loven, Hanne Berdal-Sørensen, Magnus TarAngen, Rolf Haye
Background: Quality control after phonosurgery is important and may be time consuming. Often questionnaires focusing on quality of life are applied. We aimed at investigating the use of organ specific symptoms, such as hoarseness and voice failure with the use of self-reported visual analogue scales (VAS) and Likert-scales. Methods: A vocal surgical questionnaire using VAS and Likert-scales for hoarseness, voice failure and factors that could influence voice quality was given twice consecutively to a group of healthy volunteers ( n  = 57, 45 female) and a group of voice patients ( n  = 34, 21 females) for a test/re-test study...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942192/frequency-of-mitochondrial-m-1555a-g-mutation-in-syrian-patients-with-non-syndromic-hearing-impairment
#3
Hazem Kaheel, Andreas Breß, Mohamed A Hassan, Aftab Ali Shah, Mutaz Amin, Yousuf H Y Bakhit, Marlies Kniper
Background: Mitochondrial maternally inherited hearing impairment (HI) appears to be increasing in frequency. The incidence of mitochondrial defects causing HI is estimated to be between 6 and 33% of all hearing deficiencies. Mitochondrial m.1555A > G mutation is the first mtDNA mutation associated with non-syndromic sensorineural deafness and also with aminoglycoside induced HI. Its prevalence varied geographically between different populations. Methods: We carried out PCR, restriction enzyme based screening, and sequencing of 337 subjects (including 132 patients diagnosed clinically with hereditary deafness) from 54 families from Syria for m...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849503/isolation-and-antimicrobial-drug-susceptibility-pattern-of-bacterial-pathogens-from-pediatric-patients-with-otitis-media-in-selected-health-institutions-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#4
Tewodros Tesfa Hailegiyorgis, Wondemagegn Demsiss Sarhie, Hailemariam Mekonnen Workie
Background: Otitis media is inflammation of the middle ear and tympanic membrane, which often occurs after an acute upper respiratory tract infection. It is the most common episode of infection in children and the second most important cause of hearing loss affecting 1.23 billion people, thus ranked fifth global burden of disease with a higher incidence in sub-Saharan Africa. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the isolation rate of bacterial pathogens from pediatric patients with otitis media...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760580/sinonasal-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-role-of-on-site-fnac-a-case-report
#5
Santosh Tummidi, Kanchan Kothari, Roshni Patil, Shruti S Singhal, Vyoma Shah
Background: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), a rare tumor of epithelial cell origin, commonly arises from the major salivary glands. Uncommonly it may be found outside the salivary glands and it's especially rare in the nasal cavity. Case presentation: A 71-year female had complaints of swelling at the base of nose, Fine needle aspiration (FNA) from the swelling revealed features of adenoid cystic carcinoma; cell block & IHC for CD-117 was positive. Conclusions: Sino-nasal ACC (SNACC) continues to pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to clinicians...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760579/the-effect-of-transcutaneous-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-laryngeal-vestibule-closure-timing-in-swallowing
#6
Christopher R Watts, Matthew J Dumican
Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on the timing of laryngeal vestibule closure during the pharyngeal stage of swallowing in healthy adults. The theoretical framework proposed that NMES applied to these muscles would present a perturbation to laryngeal vestibular closure reaction time (the amount of time for the laryngeal vestibule to close once the swallowing reflex has been triggered) by providing an antagonistic force to the direction of vestibule closure...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581706/treatment-outcomes-and-demographics-in-sinonasal-sarcoma-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
Mitchell R Gore
Background: Sarcomas comprise a diverse group of soft tissue mesenchymal malignancies. The sinuses and nasal region are a relatively rare site of sarcomas. Methods: Retrospective review of the literature on sinonasal sarcomas from 1987-2017. Data were analyzed for demographics, treatment type, stage, and histopathologic type. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to assess and compare survival. Results: A total of 198 cases of sinonasal sarcoma were identified and analyzed...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483843/the-role-of-tonsillectomy-in-the-periodic-fever-aphthous-stomatitis-pharyngitis-and-cervical-adenitis-syndrome-a-literature-review
#8
Jostein Førsvoll, Knut Øymar
Background: Tonsillectomy (TE) or adenotonsillectomy (ATE) may have a beneficial effect on the clinical course in children with the Periodic Fever, Aphthous stomatitis, Pharyngitis and cervical Adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. However, an immunological reason for this effect remains unknown. This literature review summarizes the current knowledge of the effect of TE or ATE in the PFAPA syndrome. Methods: A search of PubMed, Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane was conducted for papers written in English dated from 1 January 1987 to 31 December 2016...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422774/a-comparison-of-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-before-and-after-nasal-septoplasty-and-radiofrequency-therapy-of-the-inferior-turbinate
#9
Ann Helen Nilsen, Anne-Sofie Helvik, Wenche Moe Thorstensen, Vegard Bugten
Background: The primary goal of this study is to compare pre- and postoperative symptoms and health related quality of life (HQOL) in 57 patients who underwent septoplasty (group-1), 56 patients who underwent septoplasty combined with radiofrequency therapy of inferior turbinates (RFIT) (group-2) and 58 patients who underwent RFIT alone (group-3). The secondary goal is to investigate if the change in symptoms and HQOL differed between these three patient groups after surgery. Methods: All patients reported symptoms on a visual analogue scale (VAS) and HQOL on Sino-Nasal-Outcome-Test-20 (SNOT-20) and Short-Form-Health-Survey-36 (SF-36) before and 6 months after surgery...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386982/generic-quality-of-life-in-persons-with-hearing-loss-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Øyvind Nordvik, Peder O Laugen Heggdal, Jonas Brännström, Flemming Vassbotn, Anne Kari Aarstad, Hans Jørgen Aarstad
Background: To the best of our knowledge, no empirically based consensus has been reached as to if, and to what extent, persons with hearing loss (HL) have reduced generic Quality of life (QoL). There seems to be limited knowledge regarding to what extent a hearing aid (HA) would improve QoL. The main aim of the present study was to review studies about the relationship between HL and QoL. A supporting aim was to study the association between distress and HL. Methods: Literature databases (Cinahl, Pub Med and Web of Science) were searched to identify relevant journal articles published in the period from January 2000 to March 17, 2016...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299022/causes-of-higher-symptomatic-airway-load-in-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#11
Øystein Eskeland, Kjell Arild Danielsen, Fredrik Dahl, Katrin Fridrich, Vivian Cecilie Orszagh, Gregor Bachmann-Harildstad, Espen Burum-Auensen
Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis display a variety of different phenotypes. The symptoms of disease are characterised by various signs and symptoms such as nasal congestion, nasal discharge, pressure sensation in the face and reduced or complete loss of smell.In a patient population undergoing functional endoscopic sinonasal surgery (FESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis, we wanted to investigate the clinical features and explore if the presence of biofilm, nasal polyps or other disease characteristic could serve as predictor for the symptomatic load...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299021/reliability-and-validity-study-of-sino-nasal-outcome-test-22-thai-version-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#12
Jate Lumyongsatien, Waralak Yangsakul, Chaweewan Bunnag, Claire Hopkins, Pongsakorn Tantilipikorn
Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of common health conditions that affects patients' health-related quality of life. Our purpose is to assess the reliability and validity of Thai-version of Sino-Nasal Outcome Test 22 in chronic rhinosinusitis. Methods: Permission for translation of SNOT-22 from English language to Thai language was obtained from the developer. The translation process was done based on the international standard of translation method...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270078/hibernoma-a-rare-case-of-adipocytic-tumor-in-head-and-neck
#13
Alexandra Rodriguez Ruiz, Sven Saussez, Thibaut Demaesschalck, Jérôme R Lechien
Background: Hibernoma is a rare soft tissue tumor stem from persistent fetal brown fat tissue. This benign tumor may occasionally occur in head and neck area and, in most cases, is characterized by an asymptomatic slow growth. Case presentation: We presented an uncommon case of hibernoma of the posterior cervical triangle occurring in a 30-year-old man referred to the department of otolaryngology. The patient suffered from a right, very painful, and rapidly growing mass since 3 months...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225513/an-abrupt-bleeding-of-the-anteriorly-displaced-sigmoid-sinus-a-rare-complication-of-myringoplasty
#14
Sarah Zaher Addeen, Mohammad Al-Mohammad
Background: The location of the sigmoid sinus within the mastoid cavity is quite variable. An anteriorly- displaced vertical segment of the sigmoid sinus constitutes an uncommon but dangerous anatomical variation that surgeons rarely encounter during surgery. In this variation, the sigmoid sinus lays underneath a very thin bony flap, which makes it easily damaged. Thus, an abrupt fatal bleeding might occur. Despite the many hypotheses about its origin (Chronic otitis media, hypopneumatization, etc...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209151/endoscopic-repair-of-lateral-sphenoid-encephaloceles-a-case-series
#15
Mitchell R Gore
Background: Lateral sphenoid encephaloceles present a surgical challenge. These encephaloceles may be difficult to access given their lateral location and proximity to the neural and vascular structures of the sphenoid floor, pterygopalatine fossa, and lateral and superior sphenoid walls. Additionally, many patients have idiopathic intracranial hypertension, increasing the risk of recurrence. When untreated or undiscovered, these encephaloceles increase the risk of meningitis. Methods: All consecutive endoscopic repairs of lateral sphenoid encephaloceles by a single surgeon from 2012 to 2017 were analyzed for method of repair, complications, and recurrence rate...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209150/correlation-between-subjective-and-objective-hearing-tests-after-unilateral-and-bilateral-cochlear-implantation
#16
Geerte G J Ramakers, Yvette E Smulders, Alice van Zon, Gijsbert A Van Zanten, Wilko Grolman, Inge Stegeman
Background: There are many methods for assessing hearing performance after cochlear implantation. Standard evaluations often encompass objective hearing tests only, while patients' subjective experiences gain importance in today's healthcare. The aim of the current study was to analyze the correlation between subjective (self-reported questionnaires) and objective (speech perception and localization) hearing test results in adult cochlear implant (CI) users. Secondary, the correlation between subjective and objective hearing tests was compared between bilateral and unilateral CI patients...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209149/electroencephalographic-evaluation-of-acoustic-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-and-refractory-tinnitus
#17
Luz María Alonso-Valerdi, David I Ibarra-Zarate, Francisco J Tavira-Sánchez, Ricardo A Ramírez-Mendoza, Manuel Recuero
Background: To date, a large number of acoustic therapies have been applied to treat tinnitus. The effect that produces those auditory stimuli is, however, not well understood yet. Furthermore, the conventional clinical protocol is based on a trial-error procedure, and there is not a formal and adequate treatment follow-up. At present, the only way to evaluate acoustic therapies is by means of subjective methods such as analog visual scale and ad-hoc questionnaires. Methods: This protocol seeks to establish an objective methodology to treat tinnitus with acoustic therapies based on electroencephalographic (EEG) activity evaluation...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118669/glomangiomyoma-of-the-neck-in-a-child-in-nepal-a-rare-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Bishow Tulachan, Buddha Nath Borgohain
Background: Glomangiomyoma is a rare histological variant of glomus tumour. Clinically, it mimicks as a haemangioma and is challenging to diagnose. Its occurrence in the neck of a child has not been previously described. Case presentation: A 3 year old girl presented with the complaints of painless progressive neck swelling in the right side for one and half year. Sonography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CT neck angiography and fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) were suggestive of vacular malformation i...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051710/knowledge-and-care-seeking-practices-for-ear-infections-among-parents-of-under-five-children-in-kigali-rwanda-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Kaitesi Batamuliza Mukara, Peter Waiswa, Richard Lilford, Debara Lyn Tucci
BACKGROUND: Infections affecting the middle ear are a common childhood occurrence. Some cases may present with ear discharge through a tympanic membrane perforation which may heal spontaneously. However, up to 5% or more cases of those affected have persistent ear discharge. A number of barriers contribute towards delayed presentation at health facilities for treatment of ear infections. We conducted a study to evaluate parents' and caregivers' knowledge and care seeking practices for ear infections in children under five in Gasabo district in Kigali, Rwanda...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670200/fluorescein-sodium-guided-surgery-of-parotid-gland-tumors-as-a-technical-advance
#20
Frank Haubner, Holger G Gassner, Alexander Brawanski, Karl-Michael Schebesch
BACKGROUND: Complete tumor removal and preservation of the facial nerve are essential in parotid gland surgery. A technical adjunct that potentially enhances the contrast between the facial nerve and the adherent tumor tissue and allows to identify residual tumor tissue could be Fluorescein Sodium. METHODS: Retrospective chart analysis on 7 patients with benign parotid gland lesions that were operated using Fluorescein Sodium intravenously and the application of the YELLOW 560 nm filter of the operating microscope...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
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