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BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders

Surendra B Patil, Shree Harsh
BACKGROUND: Lipoma in nasal region in a case of Pai syndrome is very rare. Very few cases of Pai syndrome with columellar lipoma with extension to septum and tip have been reported till date. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a very rare form of nasal lipoma in a case of Pai syndrome with extension to septum and tip in a 4 year old female child. CONCLUSIONS: Pai syndrome with columellar lipoma with septal and tip extension should always be kept in mind when evaluating a swelling in the region of nasal tip, collumella and septum with notch in upper lip and corpus callosal lipoma...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Sathish K Sankarpandi, Alice J Baldwin, Jaydip Ray, Claudia Mazzà
BACKGROUND: Vestibular disorders affect an individual's stability, balance, and gait and predispose them to falls. Traditional laboratory-based semi-objective vestibular assessments are intrusive and cumbersome provide little information about their functional ability. Commercially available wearable inertial sensors allow us to make this real life assessments objective, with a detailed view of their functional abilities. Timed Up and Go (TUG) and Postural Sway tests are commonly used tests for gait and balance assessments...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Vegard Bugten, Ann Helen Nilsen, Wenche Moe Thorstensen, Mads Henrik Strand Moxness, Marit Furre Amundsen, Ståle Nordgård
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study is to compare quality of life (Qol) and symptoms in 91 patients with a deviated nasal septum preoperatively and postoperatively with a control group of 93 healthy individuals. METHODS: All patients reported Qol on Sino-Nasal-Outcome-Test-20 (SNOT-20) and symptoms on visual analogue scale (VAS) preoperatively and 6 months after surgery and the results were compared with the controls. RESULTS: Mean SNOT-20 score improved from 1...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Panagiotis A Dimitriadis, Matthew R Farr, Ahmed Allam, Jaydip Ray
BACKGROUND: Bone conduction devices are widely used and indicated in cases of conductive, mixed or single sided deafness where conventional hearing aids are not indicated or tolerated. Percutaneous bone-conduction devices gave satisfactory hearing outcomes but were frequently complicated by soft tissue reactions. Transcutaneous bone conduction devices were developed in order to address some of the issues related to the skin-penetrating abutment. The aim of this article is to present a systematic review of the indications, surgical technique and audiological, clinical and functional outcomes of the BAHA Attract device reported so far...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
I Cherrez Ojeda, J C Calderon, J Guevara, D Cabrera, E Calero, A Cherrez
BACKGROUND: Use of petroleum-based over the counter remedies such as Vicks VapoRub to alleviate symptoms of rhinitis is common and can be effective, but carries under-appreciated risks of adverse side effects. In this case report we highlight Exogenous Lipoid Pneumonia (ELP), an uncommon condition that results from accumulation of exogenous lipids in the alveoli, as an adverse side effect of long-term Vicks VapoRub use. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of an 85-year-old female patient with ELP apparently due to continuous application of Vicks VapoRub® to her nostrils to alleviate chronic rhinitis...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Dennis Golm, Carsten Schmidt-Samoa, Peter Dechent, Birgit Kröner-Herwig
BACKGROUND: Chronic tinnitus affects 5 % of the population, 17 % suffer under the condition. This distress seems mainly to be dependent on negative cognitive-emotional evaluation of the tinnitus and selective attention to the tinnitus. A well-established paradigm to examine selective attention and emotional processing is the Emotional Stroop Task (EST). Recent models of tinnitus distress propose limbic, frontal and parietal regions to be more active in highly distressed tinnitus patients...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Edward Noon, Claire Hopkins
Chronic rhinosinusitis has a significant impact on health-related and generic quality-of-life, has a high cost burden to both society and patients, and may be associated with absenteeism, loss of productivity and poor respiratory function. Though there is a paucity of level 1 evidence, endoscopic sinus surgery may be considered in medically refractory patients and a variety of objective and subjective outcome measures exist to assess the effectiveness of intervention. We outline the outcome measurements available and review in-depth the published outcomes to date...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Anne-Sofie Helvik, Steinar Krokstad, Kristian Tambs
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to study hearing aid (HA) use in persons 65 years and older, and to investigate how socioeconomic and hearing related factors were associated to use of HA. METHOD: This study included 11,602 persons (65 years and above) from the second Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT2) and the integrated North-Trøndelag hearing loss study (NTHLS) in 1995-1997. Audiometry was taken of all participants. Missing information about use of HA in possible users of HA existed in data from 1103 (9...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Linh Q Ngo, Andrew G Wu, Matthew A Nguyen, Lauren E McPherson, Elie Gertner
BACKGROUND: Severe dysphagia may occur in the immune mediated necrotizing myopathies (IMNM). Neck swelling and severe dysphagia as the initial symptoms upon presentation has not been previously described. CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old male with a 4 week history of neck swelling, fatigue, dysphagia, myalgias, night sweats, and cough was admitted for an elevated CK. He underwent extensive infectious and inflammatory evaluation including neck imaging and muscle biopsy...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Karin Engelhart, Alice Popescu, Jürgen Bernhardt
BACKGROUND: Many people suffer from dry mouth (xerostomia) due to radiotherapy treatment of head and neck cancer, diseases like Sjogren's syndrome or as adverse effects to prescribed medications. Salivary substitute products like gels or sprays are often used for treatment. Efficacy of those oral care products are regularly assessed by validated or even not validated questionnaires. To determine the adhesion effect over time more objectively a new and sensitive method was established...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Doreen Nakku, Richard Byaruhanga, Francis Bajunirwe, Imelda T Kyamwanga
BACKGROUND: Aerodigestive foreign bodies (ADFB) in children are a common emergency in ENT clinics globally. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and common types of ADFB's presenting to a referral hospital in South Western Uganda, and to review clinical presentation and factors that influence their occurrence among children under 12 years of age. METHODS: We conducted a case control study comprising 40 cases and 80 unmatched controls. Consecutive and random sampling were used for the cases and controls respectively...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Elaine Zhang
The editors of BMC Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 15 (2015).
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Laura S M Derks, Inge Wegner, Rinze A Tange, Digna M A Kamalski, Wilko Grolman
BACKGROUND: Otosclerosis is characterized by bony deposits in the otic capsule, resulting in stapes fixation and progressive hearing loss. It can be treated effectively by surgically removing (part of) the stapes and replacing it with a prosthesis. Increasingly, stapes surgery is performed as a day-case procedure. The major drive towards day-case surgery has been out of economic considerations. However, it is also increasingly an explicit patient request and leads to shorter waiting times for surgery, a reduced risk of infection and most likely positively influences the patient's quality of life as a result of rapid discharge and rehabilitation...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Christopher R Watts
BACKGROUND: Reduced vocal intensity is a core impairment of hypokinetic dysarthria in Parkinson's disease (PD). Speech treatments have been developed to rehabilitate the vocal subsystems underlying this impairment. Intensive treatment programs requiring high-intensity voice and speech exercises with clinician-guided prompting and feedback have been established as effective for improving vocal function. Less is known, however, regarding long-term outcomes of clinical benefit in speakers with PD who receive these treatments...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Martha F Mushi, Alfred E Mwalutende, Japhet M Gilyoma, Phillipo L Chalya, Jeremiah Seni, Mariam M Mirambo, Stephen E Mshana
BACKGROUND: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a major health problem in developing countries causing hearing loss and life threatening complications. Early and effective treatment based on the knowledge of causative micro-organisms and predictors of outcome are crucial in preventing these associated complications. This study was conducted to determine the predictors of CSOM complications, treatment outcome and antimicrobial susceptibility of pathogens, thus providing essential evidence to formulate a policy for management of CSOM...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Jeroen Pm Peters, Alice van Zon, Adriana L Smit, Gijsbert A van Zanten, G Ardine de Wit, Inge Stegeman, Wilko Grolman
BACKGROUND: Individuals with single-sided deafness (SSD) have problems with speech perception in noise, localisation of sounds and with communication and social interaction in their daily life. Current treatment modalities (Contralateral Routing of Sound systems [CROS] and Bone Conduction Devices [BCD]) do not restore binaural hearing. Based on low level of evidence studies, CROS and BCD do not improve speech perception in noise or sound localisation. In contrast, cochlear implantation (CI) may overcome the limitations of CROS and BCD, as binaural input can be restored...
2015: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Nikolaos Spantideas, Eirini Drosou, Anastasia Bougea, Dimitrios Assimakopoulos
BACKGROUND: To assess the prevalence of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) in the Greek general population and its risk factors. METHODS: Questionnaire based epidemiological, adult participants' survey. The Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) was used for the assessment of LPR prevalence. The RSI questionnaire was completed by 340 (183 male and 157 female) randomly selected subjects. Subjects with RSI score ≥13 were considered as LPR patients and those with RSI score <13 were considered as non LPR subjects...
2015: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Annatina Schmidheiny, Jaap Swanenburg, Dominik Straumann, Eling D de Bruin, Ruud H Knols
BACKGROUND: Gait function may be impaired in patients with vestibular disorders, making gait assessment in the clinical setting relevant for this patient population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the discriminant validity of a gait assessment protocol between patients with vestibular disorders and healthy participants. Furthermore, test re-test reproducibility and the measurement error of gait performance measures in patients with vestibular lesions was performed under different walking conditions...
2015: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Katsuhisa Ikeda, Shigeki Misawa, Takeshi Kusunoki
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the bactericidal activity of four new fluoroquinolones against current isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from the patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). METHODS: We examined bactericidal activity of four types of fluoroquinolones, garenoxacin (GRNX), levofloxacin (LVFX), ciprofloxacin (CPFX) and sitafloxacin (STFX) against current isolates of P. aeruginosa (50 strains). RESULTS: STFX exhibited the most potent activity of both MIC50 and MIC90, followed by CPFX, LVFX, and GRNX...
2015: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Susan Clarke, Robyn Richmond, Heather Worth, Rajendra Raj Wagle
BACKGROUND: Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM) is the commonest cause of preventable deafness, affecting 164 million people worldwide, 90 % of whom live in low resource countries, such as Nepal. Simple, inexpensive treatment of acute otitis media can prevent the development of CSOM and its sequelae: deafness, abscess, encephalitis, and, rarely, death. CSOM is a disease of poverty and its social determinants: low parental education, overcrowding, poor hygiene and malnutrition. Previous studies have established economic, socio-cultural and geographic barriers to care seeking for childhood illness in the developing world and, in particular, in Nepal...
2015: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
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