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BMC Biotechnology

Shiping Liu, Shaojun Ding
BACKGROUND: Acetylation of the xylan backbone was a major obstacle to enzymatic decomposition. Removal of acetyl groups by acetyl xylan esterases (AXEs) is essential for completely enzymatic hydrolysis of xylan. Appended carbohydrate binding modules (CBMs) can promote the enzymatic deconstruction of plant cell walls by targeting and proximity effects. Fungal acetyl xylan esterases are strictly appended to cellulose-specific CBM1. It is still unclear whether xylan-specific CBMs have a greater advantage than CBM1 in potentiating the activity of fungal deacetylating enzymes and its synergistic hydrolysis of different substrates with xylanase...
October 22, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
Guojun Wang, Ting Zhang, Haifeng Huang, Shurong Hou, Xiabin Chen, Fang Zheng, Chang-Guo Zhan
BACKGROUND: A recently reported cocaine hydrolase (CocH3) fused with fragment crystallizable (Fc) region of human immunoglobulin G1, denoted as CocH3-Fc, is known as a promising therapeutic candidate for the treatment of cocaine overdose and addiction. A challenge for practical therapeutic use of this enzyme exists in the large-scale protein production and, therefore, it is interesting to identify a low-cost and feasible, sustainable source of CocH3-Fc production. RESULTS: CocH3-Fc was transiently expressed in plant Nicotiana benthamiana leaves...
October 19, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
Xiang Chen, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Chao-Ping Lin, Yu-Guo Zheng
BACKGROUND: Ethyl (R)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutyrate ((R)-CHBE) is a versatile chiral precursor for many pharmaceuticals. Although several biosynthesis strategies have been documented to convert ethyl 4-chloro-3-oxobutanoate (COBE) to (R)-CHBE, the catalytic efficiency and stereoselectivity are still too low to be scaled up for industrial applications. Due to the increasing demand of (R)-CHBE, it is essential to explore more robust biocatalyst capable of preparing (R)-CHBE efficiently. RESULTS: A stereoselective carbonyl reductase toolbox was constructed and employed into the asymmetric reduction of COBE to (R)-CHBE...
October 18, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
Steven C L Ho, Esther Y C Koh, Benjamin P C Soo, Mariati, Sheng-Hao Chao, Yuansheng Yang
BACKGROUND: Methylated CpG dinucleotides in promoters are associated with the loss of gene expression in recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells during large-scale commercial manufacturing. We evaluated a promoter devoid of CpG dinucleotides, CpGfree, in parallel with a similar CpG containing promoter, CpGrich, for their ability to maintain the expression of recombinant enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) after 8 weeks of culturing. RESULTS: While the promoters gave similar transient expression levels, CpGfree clones had significantly higher average stable expression possibly due to increased resistance to early silencing during integration into the chromosome...
October 18, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
Yuanyuan Bu, Bo Sun, Aimin Zhou, Xinxin Zhang, Testuo Takano, Shenkui Liu
BACKGROUND: Abiotic stresses are serious threats to plant growth, productivity and result in crop loss worldwide, reducing average yields of most major crops. Although abiotic stresses might elicit different plant responses, most induce the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plant cells leads to oxidative damage. L-ascorbic acid (AsA, vitamin C) is known as an antioxidant and H2O2-scavenger that defends plants against abiotic stresses. In addition, vitamin C is also an important component of human nutrition that has to be obtained from different foods...
October 7, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
Paknoosh Pakarian, Peter D Pawelek
BACKGROUND: In the presence of sufficient iron, the Escherichia coli protein Fur (Ferric Uptake Regulator) represses genes controlled by the Fur box, a consensus sequence near or within promoters of target genes. De-repression of Fur-controlled genes occurs upon iron deprivation. In the E. coli chromosome, there is a bidirectional intercistronic promoter region with two non-overlapping Fur boxes. This region controls Fur-regulated expression of entCEBAH in the clockwise direction and fepB in the anticlockwise direction...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Bin Tang, Ping Wei, Lina Zhao, Zuokun Shi, Qida Shen, Mengmeng Yang, Guoqiang Xie, Shigui Wang
BACKGROUND: RNA interference is a very effective approach for studies on gene function and may be an efficient method for controlling pests. Trehalase is a key gene in the chitin biosynthesis pathway in insects. Five trehalase genes have been cloned in Tribolium castaneum, though it is not known whether the detailed functions of these trehalases can be targeted for pest control. RESULTS: The functions of all five trehalase genes were studied using RNAi, and the most important results showed that the expression of all 12 genes decreased significantly from 12 to 72 h compared with the control groups, except GP1 at 72 h, when the expression of the TcTre2 gene was suppressed...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Alexander Falkenhagen, Sabah Asad, Stanley E Read, Sadhna Joshi
BACKGROUND: Recombinant proteins of therapeutic use are ideally produced in human cells to ensure appropriate co- and post-translational modifications. However, purification of secreted proteins from the culture media is impeded by low expression from transfected cell lines and the presence of serum proteins. Here we describe a simple and cost-effective approach based on lentiviral vector-mediated gene delivery and expression of a secreted His-tagged protein from human embryonic kidney 293 T cells and direct affinity chromatography purification from the cell culture media...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Lichao Zhang, Zongwei Li, Tonglin Shi, Xiaoqin La, Hanqing Li, Zhuoyu Li
BACKGROUND: Targeted therapies for cancer, especially the malignant cancer, are always restricted by the deficiency of tumor-specific drug delivery methods. Subtilase cytotoxic is a virulent cytotoxin, and the subunit A (SubA) of it is able to destroy the structure of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) to induce cell apoptosis, and to be expected as anti-cancer drugs, however, the ubiquitous receptor of subunit B of Subtilase cytotoxic (SubB) restricts its application on cancer therapy...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Alexsia L Richards, Patricia J Sollars, Gregory A Smith
BACKGROUND: Infectious clones are fundamental tools for the study of many viruses, allowing for efficient mutagenesis and reproducible production of genetically-defined strains. For the large dsDNA genomes of the herpesviridae, bacterial artificial chromosomes have become the cloning vector of choice due to their capacity to house full-length herpesvirus genomes as single contiguous inserts. Furthermore, while maintained as plasmids in Escherichia coli, the clones can be mutated using robust prokaryotic recombination systems...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Hyoung Jin Kim, Hye-Lim Kwag, Hong-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: Pseudoviruses (PsVs) that encapsidate a reporter plasmid DNA have been used as surrogates for native human papillomavirus (HPV), whose continuous production is technically difficult. HPV PsVs have been designed to form capsids made up of the major capsid protein L1 and the minor capsid proteins L2. HPV PsVs have been produced in 293TT cells transfected with plasmid expressing L1 and L2 protein and plasmid containing the reporter gene. Several studies have suggested that naturally occurring HPV virions contain cellular histones, and histones have also been identified in mature HPV PsVs...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Betul Bilgin, Aritro Nath, Christina Chan, S Patrick Walton
BACKGROUND: Transcription factors (TFs) are effectors of cell signaling pathways that regulate gene expression. TF networks are highly interconnected; one signal can lead to changes in many TF levels, and one TF level can be changed by many different signals. TF regulation is central to normal cell function, with altered TF function being implicated in many disease conditions. Thus, measuring TF levels in parallel, and over time, is crucial for understanding the impact of stimuli on regulatory networks and on diseases...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Yanning Zheng, Lingling Li, Qiang Liu, Haibo Zhang, Yujin Cao, Mo Xian, Huizhou Liu
BACKGROUND: Diols are important monomers for the production of plastics and polyurethanes, which are widely used in our daily life. The medium-chain diols with one hydroxyl group at its subterminal end are able to confer more flexibility upon the synthesized materials. But unfortunately, this type of diols has not been synthesized so far. The strong need for advanced materials impelled us to develop a new strategy for the production of these novel diols. In this study, we use the remodeled P450BM3 for high-specificity production of 1,7-decanediol...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Paola Campomenosi, Elisabetta Gini, Douglas M Noonan, Albino Poli, Paola D'Antona, Nicola Rotolo, Lorenzo Dominioni, Andrea Imperatori
BACKGROUND: Selected microRNAs (miRNAs) that are abnormally expressed in the serum of patients with lung cancer have recently been proposed as biomarkers of this disease. The measurement of circulating miRNAs, however, requires a highly reliable quantification method. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) is the most commonly used method, but it lacks reliable endogenous reference miRNAs for normalization of results in biofluids. When used in absolute quantification, it must rely on the use of external calibrators...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Chen Zhou, Jing Li, Changfu Li, Yansheng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Betulinic acid (BA) is a lupane-type triterpene which has been considered as a promising agent to cure melanoma with no side effects. Considering that BA is naturally produced in small quantities in plants, we previously reported the success in engineering its production in yeast. In the present study, we attempted to improve BA biosynthesis in yeast by the use of different strategies. RESULTS: We first isolated a gene encoding a lupeol C-28 oxidase (LO) from Betula platyphylla (designated as BPLO)...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Weiwei Qi, Tong Zhu, Zhongrui Tian, Chaobin Li, Wei Zhang, Rentao Song
BACKGROUND: CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing strategy has been applied to a variety of species and the tRNA-processing system has been used to compact multiple gRNAs into one synthetic gene for manipulating multiple genes in rice. RESULTS: We optimized and introduced the multiplex gene editing strategy based on the tRNA-processing system into maize. Maize glycine-tRNA was selected to design multiple tRNA-gRNA units for the simultaneous production of numerous gRNAs under the control of one maize U6 promoter...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Latifur Rehman, Xiaofeng Su, Huiming Guo, Xiliang Qi, Hongmei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Large efforts have focused on screening for genes involved in the virulence and pathogenicity of Verticillium dahliae, a destructive fungal pathogen of numerous plant species that is difficult to control once the plant is infected. Although Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT) has been widely used for gene screening, a quick and easy method has been needed to facilitate transformation. RESULTS: High-quality protoplasts, with excellent regeneration efficiency (65 %) in TB3 broth (yeast extract 30 g, casamino acids 30 g and 200g sucrose in 1L H20), were generated using driselase (Sigma D-9515) and transformed with the GFP plasmid or linear GFP cassette using PEG or electroporation...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Yan Xiao, Hong-Ying Chen, Yuzhou Wang, Bo Yin, Chaochao Lv, Xiaobing Mo, He Yan, Yajie Xuan, Yuxin Huang, Wenqiang Pang, Xiangdong Li, Y Adam Yuan, Kegong Tian
BACKGROUND: Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an acute, highly contagious disease that infects cloven-hoofed animals. Vaccination is an effective means of preventing and controlling FMD. Compared to conventional inactivated FMDV vaccines, the format of FMDV virus-like particles (VLPs) as a non-replicating particulate vaccine candidate is a promising alternative. RESULTS: In this study, we have developed a co-expression system in E. coli, which drove the expression of FMDV capsid proteins (VP0, VP1, and VP3) in tandem by a single plasmid...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Wending Mei, Lu Wang, Ying Zang, Zhaojuan Zheng, Jia Ouyang
BACKGROUND: L-arabinose isomerase (AI) is a crucial catalyst for the biotransformation of D-galactose to D-tagatose. In previous reports, AIs from thermophilic bacterial strains had been wildly researched, but the browning reaction and by-products formed at high temperatures restricted their applications. By contrast, AIs from mesophilic Bacillus strains have some different features including lower optimal temperatures and lower requirements of metallic cofactors. These characters will be beneficial to the development of a more energy-efficient and safer production process...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Ying Zhao, Chang-Song Wang, Fei-Fei Li, Zhen-Ning Liu, Guang-Rong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Succinate is a kind of industrially important C4 platform chemical for synthesis of high value added products. Due to the economical and environmental advantages, considerable efforts on metabolic engineering and synthetic biology have been invested for bio-based production of succinate. Precursor phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) is consumed for transport and phosphorylation of glucose, and large amounts of byproducts are produced, which are the crucial obstacles preventing the improvement of succinate production...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
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