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BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905929/smoking-cessation-programmes-using-traditional-medicine-in-korea
#1
Soobin Jang, Yu Lee Park, Ju Ah Lee, Kyeong Han Kim, Eun-Kyoung Lee, Seung-Ho Sun, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko, Sunju Park
BACKGROUND: There are growing interests in using various methods including traditional and complementary medicines (T&CM) for tobacco control. The study aimed to introduce how traditional Korean medicine (TKM) applied to smoking cessation programmes in Korea and to show the detail information of each programme for designing other smoke cessation programmes. METHODS: Reports of the smoke cessation programmes in Korea were searched on March 10th, 2016, from the webpages of the related agencies and the databases: the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the Korea Health Foundation, the Association of Korean Medicine, PubMed, Google scholar, the RISS, the KISS, the NDSL, and the OASIS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905922/influence-of-combined-therapy-with-conventional-and-herbal-medicines-on-liver-function-in-138-inpatients-with-abnormal-liver-transaminase-levels
#2
Jun Hyuk Shin, Kyuseok Kim, Hae Jeong Nam
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the influence of combined therapy of conventional and herbal medicines on liver function. METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review. A total of 138 patients with abnormal liver transaminase levels at the time of admission were included in this study. We evaluated the influence of combined therapy of conventional and herbal medicines on liver transaminase levels over a period of at least 2 weeks at Kyung Hee University Korean Medical Hospital...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905920/synergistic-effects-and-related-bioactive-mechanism-of-potentilla-fruticosa-l-leaves-combined-with-ginkgo-biloba-extracts-studied-with-microbial-test-system-mts
#3
Ze-Hua Liu, Dong-Mei Wang, Su-Fang Fan, Deng-Wu Li, Zi-Wen Luo
BACKGROUND: Potentilla fruticosa, also called "Jinlaomei" and "Gesanghua", is widely used as folk herbs in traditional Tibetan medicine in China to treat inflammations, wounds, certain forms of cancer, diarrhoea, diabetes and other ailments. Previous research found P. fruticosa leaf extract (C-3) combined with Ginkgo biloba extracts (EGb) showed obvious synergistic effects in a variety of oxidation systems. The aim of the present study was to further confirm the synergy of P. fruticosa combined with EGb viewed from physiological bioavailability and explore the related bioactive mechanism behind the synergism...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903262/evaluation-of-salvadora-persica-l-and-green-tea-anti-plaque-effect-a-randomized-controlled-crossover-clinical-trial
#4
Hayder Raad Abdulbaqi, Wan Harun Himratul-Aznita, Nor Adinar Baharuddin
BACKGROUND: In the author's earlier in vitro investigation, a combination of 0.25 mg/ml green tea and 7.82 mg/ml Salvadora persica L. aqueous extracts was found to exhibit significant synergistic anti-bacterial and anti-adherence effects against primary plaque colonizers biofilm. A clinical trial was needed to support these preliminary in vitro results and to investigate its efficacy as a mouthwash in the control of dental plaque. METHODS: A 24 h plaque re-growth, double-blinded, randomized crossover trial was carried out...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903263/estimating-the-accuracy-of-muscle-response-testing-two-randomised-order-blinded-studies
#5
Anne M Jensen, Richard J Stevens, Amanda J Burls
BACKGROUND: Manual muscle testing (MMT) is a non-invasive assessment tool used by a variety of health care providers to evaluate neuromusculoskeletal integrity, and muscular strength in particular. In one form of MMT called muscle response testing (MRT), muscles are said to be tested, not to evaluate muscular strength, but neural control. One established, but insufficiently validated, application of MRT is to assess a patient's response to semantic stimuli (e.g. spoken lies) during a therapy session...
November 30, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899152/the-anti-staphylococcus-aureus-activity-of-the-phenanthrene-fraction-from-fibrous-roots-of-bletilla-striata
#6
Jing-Jing Guo, Bin-Ling Dai, Ni-Pi Chen, Li-Xia Jin, Fu-Sheng Jiang, Zhi-Shan Ding, Chao-Dong Qian
BACKGROUND: Bletillae Rhizoma, the tuber of Bletilla striata, has been used in Chinese traditional medicine to treat infectious diseases. Chemical studies indicated that phenanthrene was one of the most important components of the herb, with a broad spectrum of antibiotic activity against Gram-positive bacteria. The objective of this study was to further characterize the antibacterial activity of the phenanthrene fraction from the fibrous root of the pseudobulb of B. striata. METHODS: The phenanthrene fraction (EF60) from the ethanol extract of fibrous roots of Bletilla striata pseudobulbs was isolated using polyamide column chromatography...
November 29, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899116/the-correlation-between-antimutagenic-activity-and-total-phenolic-content-of-extracts-of-31-plant-species-with-high-antioxidant-activity
#7
Tshepiso Jan Makhafola, Esameldin Elzein Elgorashi, Lyndy Joy McGaw, Luc Verschaeve, Jacobus Nicolaas Eloff
BACKGROUND: Antimutagenic activity of plant extracts is important in the discovery of new, effective cancer preventing agents. There is increasing evidence that cancer and other mutation-related diseases can be prevented by intake of DNA protective agents. The identification of antimutagenic agents present in plants presents an effective strategy to inhibit pathogenic processes resulting from exposure to mutagenic and/or carcinogenic substances present in the environment. There are no reports on the antimutagenic activities of the plant species investigated in this study...
November 29, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899097/antinociception-of-petroleum-ether-fraction-derived-from-crude-methanol-extract-of-melastoma-malabathricum-leaves-and-its-possible-mechanisms-of-action-in-animal-models
#8
Z A Zakaria, E S Jaios, M H Omar, S Abd Rahman, S S A Hamid, S M Ching, L K Teh, M Z Salleh, S Deny, M Taher
BACKGROUND: Melastoma malabathricum L. (family Melastomaceae) has been traditionally used as remedies against various ailments including those related to pain. The methanol extract of M. malabathricum leaves has been proven to show antinociceptive activity. Thus, the present study aimed to determine the most effective fraction among the petroleum ether- (PEMM), ethyl acetate- (EAMM) and aqueous- (AQMM) fractions obtained through successive fractionation of crude, dried methanol extract of M...
November 29, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899095/effects-of-the-ayurved-siriraj-wattana-recipe-on-functional-and-phenotypic-characterization-of-cytokine-induced-killer-cells-and-dendritic-cells-in-vitro
#9
Adisak Wongkajornsilp, Nuntarak Numchaisermsuk, Khanit Sa-Ngiamsuntorn, Pravit Akarasereenont, Valla Wamanuttajinda, Kanda Kasetsinsombat, Sunisa Duangsa-Ard, Tawee Laohapan, Kittipong Maneechotesuwan
BACKGROUND: Ayurved Siriraj Wattana recipe (AVS073), has been prescribed as tonic, to increase appetite, and for pain relief. It also exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulating and anti-cancer activities. However, the immunomodulatory effects on antigen-presenting cells and effector T cells remained elusive. We thus aimed to study the effects of AVS073 on differentiation, maturation, functions and proportions of CIK cells and monocyte-derived DCs. METHODS: CIK cells and monocyte-derived DCs were treated with AVS073, followed by the assessment of T-helper (Th) phenotypes using real-time RT-PCR and flow cytometry...
November 29, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894302/anti-inflammatory-and-burn-injury-wound-healing-properties-of-the-shell-of-haliotis-diversicolor
#10
Zhi-Cheng Chen, Shing-Yi Sean Wu, Wei-Yang Su, Yuan-Chuan Lin, Yi-Hsin Lee, Wei-Hao Wu, Chun-Hong Chen, Zhi-Hong Wen
BACKGROUND: The shell of Haliotis diversicolor, or shijueming (SJM), is a type of traditional Chinese medicine. The SJM has appeared in historical records as early as the third and fourth centuries. Historical records have revealed that SJM had mainly been used to treat eye diseases. After the Qing Dynasty (1757), records had emerged, detailing the use of SJM for treating skin injuries, particularly for treating poorly managed ulcers or traumatic wounds. Furthermore, in our anti-inflammation-screening system, SJM significantly inhibited the expression of pro-inflammatory proteins...
November 28, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894288/bactericidal-and-antioxidant-properties-of-essential-oils-from-the-fruits-dennettia-tripetala-g-baker
#11
Sunday O Okoh, Benson C Iweriegbor, Omobola O Okoh, Uchechukwu U Nwodo, Anthony I Okoh
BACKGROUND: The antibacterial and antioxidant properties of the essential oils (EOs) of unripe and ripe fruits of Dennettia tripetala and their potential for the management of infectious and oxidative-stress diseases were investigated in-vitro in this study. METHOD: Essential oil obtained from the fruit in Clevenger modified apparatus, was characterized by high resolution GC-MS, while antioxidant and antibacterial properties were tested by spectrophotometric and agar diffusion methods respectively...
November 28, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887651/studies-on-the-therapeutic-effect-of-propolis-along-with-standard-antibacterial-drug-in-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-infected-balb-c-mice
#12
Preeti Kalia, Neelima R Kumar, Kusum Harjai
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is an emerging public health problem. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has described antibiotic resistance as one of the world's most pressing health problems in 21(st) century. WHO rated antibiotic resistance as "one of the three greatest threats to human health". One important strategy employed to overcome this resistance is the use of combination of drugs. Many plants, natural extracts have been shown to exhibit synergistic response with standard drugs against microorganisms...
November 25, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887650/the-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-andrographis-paniculata-burm-f-nees-on-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-in-rats-through-down-regulation-of-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#13
Wei Zou, Zuoqi Xiao, Xiaoke Wen, Jieying Luo, Shuqiong Chen, Zeneng Cheng, Daxiong Xiang, Jian Hu, Jingyu He
BACKGROUND: Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Nees (APN), a principal constituent of a famous traditional Chinese medicine Fukeqianjin tablet which is used for the treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effect in vitro. However, whether it has pharmacological effect on PID in vivo is unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study is to test the anti-inflammatory effect of APN and illuminate a potential mechanism. METHODS: Thirty-six female specific pathogen-free SD rats were randomly divided into control group, PID group, APN1 group, APN2 group, APN3 group and prednisone group...
November 25, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887609/cytotoxic-effects-of-ergone-a-compound-isolated-from-fulviformes-fastuosus
#14
Dilusha Fernando, Achyut Adhikari, Chandrika Nanayakkara, E Dilip de Silva, Ravi Wijesundera, Preethi Soysa
BACKGROUND: Mushrooms inspired the cuisines of many cultures and conventional medicaments for cancer. However, a substantial number of mushroom species are yet unexplored, possessing an unknown chemical, biological and pharmacological profiles. Fulviformes fastuosus is a terrestrial mushroom, which is commonly found in Sri Lankan woodlands. The current study was aimed at isolation and characterization of a potent cytotoxic compound from F. fastuosus and investigating the apoptotic effect induced by the active principle against cancer and normal cell lines...
November 25, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884149/sasa-quelpaertensis-leaf-extract-regulates-microbial-dysbiosis-by-modulating-the-composition-and-diversity-of-the-microbiota-in-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis-mice
#15
Yiseul Yeom, Bong-Soo Kim, Se-Jae Kim, Yuri Kim
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are related to a dysfunction of the mucosal immune system and they result from complex interactions between genetics and environmental factors, including lifestyle, diet, and the gut microbiome. Therefore, the effect of Sasa quelpaertensis leaf extract (SQE) on gut microbiota in a dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis mouse model was investigated with pyrosequencing of fecal samples. METHODS: Three groups of animals were examined: i) a control group, ii) a group that was received 2...
November 25, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884147/effects-of-osteopathic-treatment-on-pulmonary-function-and-chronic-thoracic-pain-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-ostincare-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Gert Roncada
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is an effective and widespread coronary revascularisation technique, nevertheless there are a number of long-term postoperative complications from which patients can suffer. One year after CABG surgery pulmonary function is decreased by 12% and 30% of the patients suffer from chronic thoracic pain. To date and to our knowledge there are no effective treatments for these conditions. The aim of the present clinical trial is to explore the effectiveness of osteopathic treatment on these conditions...
November 25, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881135/cat-s-whiskers-orthosiphon-stamineus-tea-modulates-arthritis-pathogenesis-via-the-angiogenesis-and-inflammatory-cascade
#17
Yasser M Tabana, Fouad Saleih R Al-Suede, Mohamed B Khadeer Ahamed, Saad S Dahham, Loiy E Ahmed Hassan, Saba Khalilpour, Mohamad Taleb-Agha, Doblin Sandai, Aman S Abdul Majid, Amin Malik Shah Abdul Majid
BACKGROUND: Orthosiphon stamineus is used traditionally to treat gout, arthritis, and inflammatory related conditions. The in vitro anti-inflammatory effects of the plant have been scientifically investigated. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the potential of the 50% ethanol extract of O. stamineus (EOS) to treat rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Anti-arthritic activity was assessed using the in vitro heat denaturation test and the (FCA)-induced arthritis model...
November 24, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881119/antibacterial-and-antifungal-potentials-of-the-solvents-extracts-from-eryngium-caeruleum-notholirion-thomsonianum-and-allium-consanguineum
#18
Abdul Sadiq, Sadiq Ahmad, Rahmat Ali, Fawad Ahmad, Sajjad Ahmad, Anwar Zeb, Muhammad Ayaz, Farhat Ullah, Abu Nasar Siddique
BACKGROUND: Herbal medicines have long been used for various ailments in various societies and natural bioactive compounds are gaining more and more importance due to various factors. In this context, three plant species i.e., Eryngium caeruleum, Notholirion thomsonianum and Allium consanguineum have been aimed for the scientific verification of their purported traditional uses against various infectious diseases. METHODS: In this study, three plants were assayed for antibacterial and antifungal potentials...
November 24, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881112/photoprotective-potential-in-some-medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-skin-diseases-in-sri-lanka
#19
Mayuri Tharanga Napagoda, Benthota Malavi Arachchige Shamila Malkanthi, Subasinghe Appuhamillage Kaumudi Abayawardana, Mohomed Mallique Qader, Lalith Jayasinghe
BACKGROUND: The constant exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation (UV) has a variety of harmful effects on human health. Although synthetic sunscreen products have been introduced as a preventive/therapeutic strategy, with the realization of their adverse side effects, the recent trend is to search for human friendly alternative formulations especially of plant origin. Therefore, the present study focuses on evaluation of photoprotective activity of aqueous extracts (1 mg/ml) of eleven medicinal plants in Sri Lanka that have been widely employed in traditional medicine as treatment options for various skin diseases and to improve the complexion...
November 24, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881109/anti-tumor-effects-of-abnormal-savda-munziq-on-the-transplanted-cervical-cancer-u27-mouse-model
#20
Zuhragul Omarniyaz, Yang Yu, Tao Yang, Lianlian Shan, Weiwei Miao, Renaguli Reyimu, Halmurat Upur, Ainiwaer Aikemu
BACKGROUND: Abnormal Savda Munziq (ASMq), a traditional uyghur medicine, has shown anti-tumour properties in vitro. it was showed that total flavonoids of ASMq could inhibit the proliferation and enhance the antioxidant ability of human cervix cancer HeLa cell. This study attempts to confirm these effects on the transplanted cervical cancer (U27) mouse model in vivo. METHODS: Forty eight Kunming mice were randomly divided in to six groups: normal control group (Control group), U27 tumor model group (Model group), cyclophosphamide administration group (CTX group),low-dose ASMq group (ASMq...
November 24, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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