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BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335766/barriers-to-the-conduct-and-application-of-research-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-a-systematic-review
#1
Yasamin Veziari, Matthew J Leach, Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: The popularity of Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has grown considerably over the past few decades. This has been accompanied by increasing public pressure for CAM to be evidence-based. Notwithstanding, the conduct and application of research in CAM faces a number of obstacles. No systematic review has mapped these barriers to date. Therefore, this systematic literature review aimed to explore, identify and map the barriers to the conduct and application of research in CAM...
March 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335761/the-effects-of-jiao-tai-wan-on-sleep-inflammation-and-insulin-resistance-in-obesity-resistant-rats-with-chronic-partial-sleep-deprivation
#2
Xin Zou, Wenya Huang, Fuer Lu, Ke Fang, Dingkun Wang, Shuyong Zhao, Jiming Jia, Lijun Xu, Kaifu Wang, Nan Wang, Hui Dong
BACKGROUND: Jiao-Tai-Wan (JTW), composed of Rhizome Coptidis and Cortex Cinnamomi, is a classical traditional Chinese prescription for treating insomnia. Several in vivo studies have concluded that JTW could exert its therapeutical effect in insomnia rats. However, the specific mechanism is still unclear. The present study aimed to explore the effect of JTW on sleep in obesity-resistant (OR) rats with chronic partial sleep deprivation (PSD) and to clarify its possible mechanism. METHODS: JTW was prepared and the main components contained in the granules were identified by 3D-High Performance Liquid Chromatography (3D-HPLC) assay...
March 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335757/sophorae-flos-extract-inhibits-rankl-induced-osteoclast-differentiation-by-suppressing-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-nfatc1-pathway-in-mouse-bone-marrow-cells
#3
Jeong-Mi Kim, Jung-Han Lee, Guem-San Lee, Eun-Mi Noh, Hyun-Kyung Song, Dong Ryun Gu, Seong-Cheol Kim, Seoung Hoon Lee, Kang-Beom Kwon, Young-Rae Lee
BACKGROUND: Sophorae Flos (SF) is a composite of flowers and buds of Styphnolobium japonicum (L.) Schott and has been used in traditional Korean and Chinese medicine for the treatment of hemostasis and inflammation. Previous studies reported that SF possesses anti-obesity properties, as well as anti-allergic, anti-proliferative, and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the effect of SF in bone resorption has not been studies. In this study, we examined the potential of SF extract (SFE) to inhibit receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) -induced osteoclast differentiation in cultured mouse-derived bone marrow macrophages (BMMs)...
March 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335756/acupuncture-and-moxibustion-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-in-traditional-chinese-medicine-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Taiwu Wang, Cong Xu, Keli Pan, Hongyan Xiong
BACKGROUND: As the etiology of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is unclear and the treatment is still a big issue. There exists a wide range of literature about acupuncture and moxibustion (AM) for CFS in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). But there are certain doubts as well in the effectiveness of its treatment due to the lack of a comprehensive and evidence-based medical proof to dispel the misgivings. Current study evaluated systematically the effectiveness of acupuncture and moxibustion treatments on CFS, and clarified the difference among them and Chinese herbal medicine, western medicine and sham-acupuncture...
March 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327127/effects-of-vitellaria-paradoxa-c-f-gaertn-aqueous-leaf-extract-administration-on-salmonella-typhimurium-infected-rats
#5
Siméon Pierre Chegaing Fodouop, Sedric Donald Tala, Lunga Paul Keilah, Norbert Kodjio, Mefokou Didiane Yemele, Armel Herve Kamdje Nwabo, Bridget Nji-Kah, Joseph Tchoumboue, Donatien Gatsing
BACKGROUND: The present study investigates the effects of Vitellaria paradoxa crude extract administration on Salmonella typhimurium infected Wistar rats. METHODS: Rats were infected by single dose oral administration of Salmonella typhimurium (1.5×10(8) CFU). Negative control groups were infected and treated orally with distilled water (vehicle), neutral control group were not infected, while the four test groups were treated up to 18 days with 55 mg/kg, 110 mg/kg, 220 mg/kg and 440 mg/kg body weight of aqueous extract of V...
March 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327126/characterization-and-mechanisms-of-anti-influenza-virus-metabolites-isolated-from-the-vietnamese-medicinal-plant-polygonum-chinense
#6
Thu Thi Tran, Meehyein Kim, Yejin Jang, Hye Won Lee, Hoa Thi Nguyen, Thanh Ngoc Nguyen, Hae Woong Park, Quang Le Dang, Jin-Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: Polygonum chinense Linn. is a common medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and has been used in traditional medicine in Vietnam. The plant contains phytochemicals with various biological properties; however, its antiviral effect has not yet been demonstrated. This study was aimed to evaluate the anti-influenza virus activity of crude extracts of P. chinense, to characterize antiviral metabolites therefrom and to investigate their mechanisms of antiviral action. METHODS: The methanol (MeOH) extract and organic solvent layers of P...
March 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327117/preliminary-evaluation-of-anti-tuberculosis-potential-of-siderophores-against-drug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-by-mycobacteria-growth-indicator-tube-drug-sensitivity-test
#7
Karuna Gokarn, Ramprasad B Pal
BACKGROUND: Alternative treatment strategies have become essential in overcoming the problem of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). In this preliminary in vitro study, the anti-tuberculosis (anti-TB) activity of exogenous iron chelators (xenosiderophores) such as Exochelin-MS (Exo-MS) and Deferoxamine-B (DFO-B) was evaluated against ten multi-drug-resistant (MDR) and seven pyrazinamide-resistant (PZA (R) ) Mtb isolates. METHODS: Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube-Drug Susceptibility Test was used to assess the anti-TB effect of Exo-MS or DFO-B individually and their combinations with isoniazid (INH), rifampicin (RIF) and pyrazinamide (PZA)...
March 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320373/nelumbo-nucifera-leaves-extracts-inhibit-mouse-airway-smooth-muscle-contraction
#8
Xiao Yang, Lu Xue, Qingyang Zhao, Congli Cai, Qing-Hua Liu, Jinhua Shen
BACKGROUND: Alkaloids extracted from lotus leaves (AELL) can relax vascular smooth muscle. However, whether AELL has a similar relaxant role on airway smooth muscle (ASM) remains unknown. This study aimed to explore the relaxant property of AELL on ASM and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Alkaloids were extracted from dried lotus leaves using the high temperature rotary evaporation extraction method. The effects of AELL on mouse ASM tension were studied using force measuring and patch-clamp techniques...
March 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302117/the-effects-of-music-intervention-on-burn-patients-during-treatment-procedures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Jinyi Li, Liang Zhou, Yungui Wang
BACKGROUND: The treatment of burn patients is very challenging because burn injuries are one of the most severe traumas that can be experienced. The effect of music therapy on burn patients has been widely reported, but the results have been inconsistent. Thus, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in burn patients to determine the effect of music during treatments. METHODS: We searched a variety of electronic databases, including MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Psychinfo, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) for relevant trials on the basis of predetermined eligibility criteria...
March 17, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292291/traditional-arabic-islamic-medicine-validation-and-empirical-assessment-of-a-conceptual-model-in-qatar
#10
Sara N AlRawi, Amal Khidir, Maha S Elnashar, Huda A Abdelrahim, Amal K Killawi, Maya M Hammoud, Michael D Fetters
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates traditional medicine is no longer only used for the healthcare of the poor, its prevalence is also increasing in countries where allopathic medicine is predominant in the healthcare system. While these healing practices have been utilized for thousands of years in the Arabian Gulf, only recently has a theoretical model been developed illustrating the linkages and components of such practices articulated as Traditional Arabic & Islamic Medicine (TAIM). Despite previous theoretical work presenting development of the TAIM model, empirical support has been lacking...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288617/the-effect-of-pomegranate-fresh-juice-versus-pomegranate-seed-powder-on-metabolic-indices-lipid-profile-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-the-histopathology-of-pancreatic-islets-of-langerhans-in-streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced-type-2-diabetic-sprague-dawley-rats
#11
Seyedeh Zeinab Taheri Rouhi, Md Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Asmah Rahmat, Saad Ahmed Alkahtani, Fauziah Othman
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with hyperglycemia, inflammatory disorders and abnormal lipid profiles. Several functional foods have therapeutic potential to treat chronic diseases including diabetes. The therapeutic potential of pomegranate has been stated by multitudinous scientists. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of pomegranate juice and seed powder on the levels of plasma glucose and insulin, inflammatory biomarkers, lipid profiles, and health of the pancreatic islets of Langerhans in streptozotocin (STZ)-nicotinamide (NAD) induced T2DM Sprague Dawley (SD) rats...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288606/monitoring-heavy-metals-residual-agricultural-chemicals-and-sulfites-in-traditional-herbal-decoctions
#12
In-Sil Yu, Jeong-Sook Lee, Sung-Dan Kim, Yun-Hee Kim, Hae-Won Park, Hoe-Jin Ryu, Jib-Ho Lee, Jeong-Mi Lee, Kweon Jung, Cheol Na, Jin-Yong Joung, Chang-Gue Son
BACKGROUND: Asian traditional herbal preparations are frequently considered for the contamination with undeclared toxic or hazardous substances. The aim of this study was to determine the toxic heavy metals, pesticides and sulfur dioxide in decoctions that is a common form of final utilization in Korea. METHODS: A total of 155 decoctions composed of multi-ingredient traditional herbs were randomly sampled from Seoul in Korea between 2013 and 2014. For each decoction, the concentrations of four heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury), 33 pesticides and sulfur dioxide were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), mercury analyzer, gas chromatography/nitrogen phosphorous detector (GC/NPD), gas chromatography/micro electron capture detector (GC/μECD), and Monier-Williams method respectively...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288600/complementary-traditional-chinese-medicine-use-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#13
Hou-Hsun Liao, Hung-Rong Yen, Chih-Hsin Muo, Yu-Chen Lee, Mei-Yao Wu, Li-Wei Chou, Mao-Feng Sun, Tung-Ti Chang
BACKGROUND: Complementary traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used to treat patients with cerebral palsy (CP). However, large-scale surveys examining its use in the treatment of CP and associated disorders are lacking. METHODS: We enrolled 11,218 patients ≤ 18 years of age with CP in the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database from 1995 to 2011. Patients were categorized as TCM users (n = 6,997; 62.37%) and non-TCM users (n = 4,221; 37...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288595/mindful-yoga-for-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
James W Carson, Kimberly M Carson, Maren K Olsen, Linda Sanders, Laura S Porter
BACKGROUND: Women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) have average life expectancies of about 2 years, and report high levels of disease-related symptoms including pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, psychological distress, and functional impairment. There is growing recognition of the limitations of medical approaches to managing such symptoms. Yoga is a mind-body discipline that has demonstrated a positive impact on psychological and functional health in early stage breast cancer patients and survivors, but has not been rigorously studied in advanced cancer samples...
March 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284204/calcium-magnesium-imbalance-implicated-in-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-and-restoration-by-a-phytotherapeutic-drug-croton-membranaceus-m%C3%A3-ll-arg
#15
George Awuku Asare, Robert A Ngala, Daniel Afriyie, Samuel Adjei, Adriana Nyarko, Yvonne Anang-Quartey, Bernice Asiedu, Derek Doku, Brodrick Y Amoah, Kennedy Bentum, Iddi Musah, Kensese Mossanda
BACKGROUND: Calcium (Ca)- magnesium (Mg) imbalance is implicated in prostate cancer. Ca/Mg ratio increases or decreases with proliferation or apoptosis, respectively. The study examined whether this Ca/Mg imbalance exists in BPH patients and the effect of a phytotherapeutic drug on the Ca/Mg ratio. METHODS: Thirty (30) BPH patients who used the ethanolic root extract of Croton membranaceus (60 mg/day) for 3 months were examined for serum Ca, Mg, phosphate, parathyroid hormone (PTH), vitamin D, prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels and renal function tests (RFT) before (BT) and after treatment (AT) alongside thirty (30) controls...
March 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284186/phytochemical-compositions-of-extract-from-peel-of-hawthorn-fruit-and-its-antioxidant-capacity-cell-growth-inhibition-and-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitory-activity
#16
Panpan Wu, Fajie Li, Jianyong Zhang, Bin Yang, Zhaojie Ji, Weidong Chen
BACKGROUND: Hawthorn fruit (HF) is a well-known traditional medicine in China with the effects of improving digestion and regulating qi-flowing for removing blood stasis. Modern pharmacological experiments showed that HF extract has various pharmaceutical properties and flavonoids are considered as the main bioactive compounds. In this paper, Diaion HP-20 adsorption chromatography was used to enrich flavonoids in PHF, and the phytochemical composition of EPHF was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS)...
March 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279166/effects-of-cold-sensitivity-in-the-extremities-on-circulating-adiponectin-levels-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-women
#17
Ah Yeon Park, Seongwon Cha
BACKGROUND: In adipose tissues, adipokine levels, including adiponectin and leptin, are involved in insulin sensitivity and are reciprocally induced by cold temperature stress. Thermogenic response in the extremities (hands and feet) against cold stress can be negatively related to fat mass accumulation, particularly in the abdomen. However, the relationship between the sensation of cold in the extremities and circulating levels of adipokines is not fully understood. Here, we investigated whether adipokine levels are associated with cold hypersensitivity in the hands and feet (CHHF), independent of body mass, and whether the CHHF is related to metabolic syndrome (MS)...
March 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274230/appraisal-of-phytochemical-and-in-vitro-biological-attributes-of-an-unexplored-folklore-rhus-punjabensis-stewart
#18
Saira Tabassum, Madiha Ahmed, Bushra Mirza, Muhammad Naeem, Muhammad Zia, Zabta Khan Shanwari, Gul Majid Khan
BACKGROUND: The role of plants for discovery of therapeutic potential accentuates the need to know their biological attributes. The present study aims to comprehend the biological attributes of Rhus punjabensis, an unexplored traditional medicinal plant. METHODS: Leaf and stem extracts of R. punjabensis prepared in 11 different organic solvents are evaluated for multimode antioxidant potential, total phenolic and flavonoid contents were determined through colorimetric assays, HPLC-DAD analysis was carried out for quantification of various polyphenols in extracts...
March 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274227/erratum-to-wild-carrot-pentane-based-fractions-suppress-proliferation-of-human-hacat-keratinocytes-and-protect-against-chemically-induced-skin-cancer
#19
Wassim N Shebaby, Mohamad A Mroueh, Petra Boukamp, Robin I Taleb, Kikki Bodman-Smith, Mirvat El-Sibai, Costantine F Daher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274225/case-report-fainting-during-acupuncture-stimulation-at-acupuncture-point-li4
#20
O Sang Kwon, Kwang-Ho Choi, Junbeom Kim, Seong Jin Cho, Suk-Yun Kang, Ji-Young Moon, Yeon Hee Ryu
BACKGROUND: Fainting is one of the major adverse events that can occur as a result of acupuncture treatment. However, the observation of changes in biological parameters is rarely available when fainting occurs. In this case report, we could observe changes in the electroencephalogram (EEG) in a participant who fainted while participating in a clinical trial aiming to observe a relationship between acupuncture stimulation at LI4 acupuncture point and EEG in healthy adults. CASE PRESENTATION: The EEG pattern of participant changed twice...
March 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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