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Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

Qingqi Yan, Yumei Wang, Wawat Rodiahwati, Antje Spiess, Michael Modigell
Screw press processing of biomass can be considered as a suitable mechanically based pretreatment for biofuel production since it disrupts the structure of lignocellulosic biomass with high shear and pressure forces. The combination with chemical treatment has been suggested to increase the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fermentable sugars. Within the study, the synergetic effect of alkaline (sodium hydroxide, NaOH) soaking and screw press pretreatment on wheat straw was evaluated based on, e.g., sugar recovery and energy efficiency...
October 19, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Hee Jin Lee, In Jung Kim, Hak Jin Youn, Eun Ju Yun, In-Geol Choi, Kyoung Heon Kim
Processivity is a typical characteristic of cellobiohydrolases (CBHs); it enables the enzyme to successively hydrolyze the ends of cellulose chains and to produce cellobiose as the major product. Some microbes, which do not have CBHs, utilize endoglucanases (EGs) that exhibit processivity, commonly referred to as processive EGs. A processive EG identified from Hahella chejuensis, HcCel5, has a catalytic domain (CD) belonging to the glycoside hydrolase family 5 (GH5) and two carbohydrate-binding modules (CBM6s)...
October 19, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
M Jasmin Fathi Jasni, Palanivel Sathishkumar, Sundaram Sornambikai, Abdull Rahim Mohd Yusoff, Fuad Ameen, Nor Aziah Buang, Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir, Zulkifli Yusop
In this study, laccase was immobilized on nylon 6,6/Fe(3+) composite (NFC) nanofibrous membrane and used for the detoxification of 3,3'-dimethoxybenzidine (DMOB). The average size and tensile strength of the NFC membrane were found to be 60-80 nm (diameter) and 2.70 MPa, respectively. The FTIR results confirm that the amine (N-H) group of laccase was attached with Fe(3+) particles and the carbonyl (C=O) group of NFC membrane via hydrogen bonding. The half-life of the laccase-NFC membrane storage stability was increased from 6 to 11 weeks and the reusability was significantly extended up to 43 cycles against ABTS oxidation...
October 18, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Manuela Balen, Gabriela Rotta Gomes, Jadel M Kratz, Cláudia M O Simões, Alexsandra Valério, Débora de Oliveira
Antioxidants are substances that defend cells against damage, kidnapping and destroying free radicals. They have been largely used in the food industry due the possibility to control the oxidation process, aimed to increase shelf life. Thus, esterification reaction to obtain ascorbyl linoleate catalyzed by Novozym 435 lipase assisted by ultrasound bath was investigated. In this work, molecular sieve (4 Å) was added to the reaction medium to remove the water formed during the esterification reaction to improve the process performance...
October 17, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Matthias Brunner, Jens Fricke, Paul Kroll, Christoph Herwig
Understanding process parameter interactions and their effects on mammalian cell cultivations is an essential requirement for robust process scale-up. Furthermore, knowledge of the relationship between the process parameters and the product critical quality attributes (CQAs) is necessary to satisfy quality by design guidelines. So far, mainly the effect of single parameters on CQAs was investigated. Here, we present a comprehensive study to investigate the interactions of scale-up relevant parameters as pH, pO2 and pCO2 on CHO cell physiology, process performance and CQAs, which was based on design of experiments and extended product quality analytics...
October 17, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Philippe Jacques, Max Béchet, Muriel Bigan, Delphine Caly, Gabrielle Chataigné, François Coutte, Christophe Flahaut, Egon Heuson, Valérie Leclère, Didier Lecouturier, Vincent Phalip, Rozenn Ravallec, Pascal Dhulster, Rénato Froidevaux
Innovations in novel enzyme discoveries impact upon a wide range of industries for which biocatalysis and biotransformations represent a great challenge, i.e., food industry, polymers and chemical industry. Key tools and technologies, such as bioinformatics tools to guide mutant library design, molecular biology tools to create mutants library, microfluidics/microplates, parallel miniscale bioreactors and mass spectrometry technologies to create high-throughput screening methods and experimental design tools for screening and optimization, allow to evolve the discovery, development and implementation of enzymes and whole cells in (bio)processes...
October 13, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
René Cardeña, Idania Valdez-Vazquez, Germán Buitrón
Purple non-sulfur bacteria generate hydrogen and polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) as a mechanism for disposing of reducing equivalents generated during substrate consumption. However, both pathways compete for the reducing equivalents released from bacteria growing under certain substrates, thus the formation of hydrogen or PHB is detrimental to the formation of each other. The effect of mixtures of acetic, propionic and butyric acids on the formation of H2 and PHB was evaluated using Box-Behnken design. A bacterial community mainly constituted by Rhodopseudomonas palustris was used as inoculum...
October 11, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Chongchong Chen, Ming Hong, Ju Chu, Mingzhi Huang, Liming Ouyang, Xiwei Tian, Yingping Zhuang
A high erythromycin producing mutant strain Saccharopolyspora erythraea HL3168 E3-ΔmutB was constructed by deleting mutB (SACE_5639) gene encoding the beta subunit of methylmalonyl-CoA mutase of an industrial strain of S. erythraea HL3168 E3. Industrial media and process control strategies were adopted in a 5 L bioreactor for characterizing the physiological parameters. The total erythromycin titer and erythromycin A concentration in mutant were 46.9 (12740.5 μg/mL) and 64.9 % (8094.4 μg/mL) higher than those in original strain, respectively, which were comparable to industrial erythromycin production...
October 5, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Naomi Shibasaki-Kitakawa, Yasuhiro Iizuka, Atsushi Takahashi, Toshikuni Yonemoto
As one of the strategies for efficient production of a metabolite from cell cultures, a kinetic model is very useful tool to predict productivity under various culture conditions. In this study, we propose a kinetic model for flavonoid production in tea cell culture based on the cell life cycle and expression of PAL, the gene encoding phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL)-the key enzyme in flavonoid biosynthesis. The flavonoid production rate was considered to be related to the amount of active PAL. Synthesis of PAL was modelled based on a general gene expression/translation mechanism, including the transcription of DNA encoding PAL into mRNA and the translation of PAL mRNA into the PAL protein...
October 3, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Francielo Vendruscolo, Willibaldo Schmidell, Débora de Oliveira, Jorge Luiz Ninow
Pigments produced by species of Monascus have been used to coloring rice, meat, sauces, wines and beers in East Asian countries. Monascus can produce orange (precursor), yellow and red pigments. Orange pigments have low solubility in culture media and when react with amino groups they become red and largely soluble. The orange pigments are an alternative to industrial pigment production because the low solubility facilitates the downstream operations. The aim of this work was to study the kinetic on the production of orange pigments by Monascus ruber CCT 3802...
September 29, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Liyana Amalina Adnan, Palanivel Sathishkumar, Abdull Rahim Mohd Yusoff, Tony Hadibarata, Fuad Ameen
In this study, a newly isolated ascomycete fungus Trichoderma lixii F21 was explored to bioremediate the polar [Alizarin Red S (ARS)] and non-polar [Quinizarine Green SS (QGSS)] anthraquinone dyes. The bioremediation of ARS and QGSS by T. lixii F21 was found to be 77.78 and 98.31 %, respectively, via biosorption and enzymatic processes within 7 days of incubation. The maximum biosorption (ARS = 33.7 % and QGSS = 74.7 %) and enzymatic biodegradation (ARS = 44.1 % and QGSS = 23.6 %) were observed at pH 4 and 27 °C in the presence of glucose and yeast extract...
September 23, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Shiro Sehata, Ryojun Suzuki, Kazuya Koumoto
β-Glucosidases (EC, abundant enzymes distributed in animals, plants and microorganism, has been generating lots of attentions for bioethanol production from cellulosic biomass. In this study, using three different origins of β-glucosidases, glucose productivity of β-glucosidase-catalyzed hydrolysis reactions in the presence of synthetic betaine-type metabolite analog (2-N,N,N-tri-n-butylammonium) acetate, was investigated. By the addition of the analog, the hydrolysis yields for all β-glucosidases was highly improved from 4-13 to 64-100 %...
September 21, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Liwei Wang, Xinggao Liu, Zeyin Zhang
Dynamic optimization is a very effective way to increase the profitability or productivity of bioprocesses. As an important method of dynamic optimization, the control vector parameterization (CVP) approach needs to select an optimal discretization level to balance the computational cost with the desired solution quality. A new sensitivity-based adaptive refinement method is therefore proposed, by which new time grid points are only inserted where necessary and unnecessary points are eliminated so as to obtain economic and effective discretization grids...
September 20, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Jasneet Grewal, S K Khare
There is an increasing demand of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) as drug and food additive, as well as feedstock to produce 2-pyrrolidone, a precursor for the synthesis of nylon 4. 2-Pyrrolidone is a petrochemical and depleting reserve which raises concern for its bio-based production. The study herein describes bio-based economical GABA production from Lactobacillus brevis by solid-state fermentation (SSF) using toxic deoiled cottonseed cake (CSC) as substrate. In general, the use of cottonseed cake remains restricted due to the presence of toxic gossypols...
September 19, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Anusith Thanapimmetha, Tharatron Suwaleerat, Maythee Saisriyoot, Yusuf Chisti, Penjit Srinophakun
Production of carotenoids by Rhodococcus opacus PD630 is reported. A modified mineral salt medium formulated with glycerol as an inexpensive carbon source was used for the fermentation. Ammonium acetate was the nitrogen source. A dry cell mass concentration of nearly 5.4 g/L could be produced in shake flasks with a carotenoid concentration of 0.54 mg/L. In batch culture in a 5 L bioreactor, without pH control, the maximum dry biomass concentration was ~30 % lower than in shake flasks and the carotenoids concentration was 0...
September 19, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Suman Chandra Nath, Eiji Nagamori, Masanobu Horie, Masahiro Kino-Oka
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) secrete essential autocrine factors that are removed along with toxic metabolites when the growth medium is exchanged daily. In this study, after determining the minimum inhibitory level of lactic acid for hiPSCs, a medium refining system was constructed by which toxic metabolites were removed from used culture medium and autocrine factors as well as other growth factors were recycled. Specifically, about 87 % of the basic fibroblast growth factor and 80 % of transforming growth factor beta 1 were retained in the refined medium after dialysis...
September 16, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Ruchira Mitra, Surabhi Chaudhuri, Debjani Dutta
In the present investigation, growth kinetics of Kocuria marina DAGII during batch production of β-Cryptoxanthin (β-CRX) was studied by considering the effect of glucose and maltose as a single and binary substrate. The importance of mixed substrate over single substrate has been emphasised in the present study. Different mathematical models namely, the Logistic model for cell growth, the Logistic mass balance equation for substrate consumption and the Luedeking-Piret model for β-CRX production were successfully implemented...
September 15, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Patrick J McGinn, Scott P MacQuarrie, Jerome Choi, Boris Tartakovsky
In this study, production of the microalga Scenedesmus AMDD in a 300 L continuous flow photobioreactor was maximized using an online flow (dilution rate) control algorithm. To enable online control, biomass concentration was estimated in real time by measuring chlorophyll-related culture fluorescence. A simple microalgae growth model was developed and used to solve the optimization problem aimed at maximizing the photobioreactor productivity. When optimally controlled, Scenedesmus AMDD culture demonstrated an average volumetric biomass productivity of 0...
September 15, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Giovanni Antonio Lutzu, Lanlan Zhang, Zhaohui Zhang, Tianzhong Liu
Porphyridium cruentum is one of the most valued microalgae species able to produce both pigments and exopolysaccharides. Conventional liquid suspended cultivation in ponds and photobioreactors show its disadvantages in lower cultivation efficiency and higher stirring power consumption due to the high viscosity of the medium by the accumulation of polysaccharides. In this work, a new method of culture (called attached cultivation) based on the growth of microalgae using a supporting surface was successfully applied to the cultivation of P...
September 10, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Jeonghee Yun, Yun-Yeong Lee, Hyung Joo Choi, Kyung-Suk Cho
In this study, a three-stage-integrated process using the hydrogenic process (BioH2), methanogenic process (BioCH4), and a microbial fuel cell (MFC) was operated using molasses wastewater. The contribution of individual processes to chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal and energy production was evaluated. The three-stage integration system was operated at molasses of 20 g-COD L(-1), and each process achieved hydrogen production rate of 1.1 ± 0.24 L-H2 L(-1) day(-1), methane production rate of 311 ± 18...
August 30, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
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