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Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

Florencia Eberhardt, Andres Aguirre, Luciana Paoletti, Guillermo Hails, Mauricio Braia, Pablo Ravasi, Salvador Peiru, Hugo G Menzella
Biodiesels produced from vegetable oils have a major quality problem due to the presence of steryl glucosides (SGs), which form precipitates that clog filters and cause engine failures. Recently, we described an enzymatic process for removing SGs from biodiesel. However, industrial adoption of this technology was hindered by the cost of the steryl glucosidase (SGase) enzyme used. Here we report the development and validation at the pilot scale of a cost-efficient process for manufacturing the SGase. First, we tested various low-cost carbon sources for the Escherichia coli producing strain, ultimately developing a fed-batch fermentation process that utilizes crude glycerol as a feedstock...
January 10, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Jiali Xu, Xian Xu, Qing Xu, Zhidong Zhang, Ling Jiang, He Huang
The lycopene biosynthetic genes crtE, crtB, and crtI from Deinococcus wulumuqiensis R12 were integrated into three different vector backbones-pET28a, pTrc99A, and pUC18-and the resulting recombinant plasmids pET28a-EBI, pTrc99A-EBI, and pUC18-EBI were introduced into different Escherichia coli hosts. The results showed that lycopene production of strain 28BL was lower than that of 99 series strains without IPTG in LB medium. In addition, lycopene production of 99JM with supplementation of 20% (w/v) glycerol was 1...
January 8, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Shokouh Mousavi, Ghasem D Najafpour, Maedeh Mohammadi, Mohammad Hasan Seifi
Cultivation of microalgae in wastewater is a promising and cost-effective approach for both CO2 biofixation and wastewater remediation. In this study, a new strain of Coelastrum sp. was isolated from cattle manure leachate. The isolated microalgae were then cultivated in wastewater. Effects of different sCOD concentrations (600, 750, 900, 1050 mg L-1) and light intensities (1000, 2300, 4600, 6900 and 10000 Lux) on biomass production, CO2 consumption rate and nutrient removal from wastewater were investigated...
January 3, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Cheng Ning, Li Qingyun, Tang Aixing, Su Wei, Liu Youyan
Aspergillus flavus: fungal strain A5p1 is reported here to decolorize a variety of dyes under broad environmental conditions. For the 15 dyes tested, the decolorization efficiencies ranged from 61.7 to 100.0% at an initial concentration of 100 mg/L. Direct Blue 71 (DB71), Direct Blue 86 (DB86), and Reactive Blue 19 (RB19) were selected as models for comparing decolorization performance. The results show that biosorption and biodegradation work together in the strain to remove the pigments; the effect of biosorption was stronger for DB71 and DB86, whereas the effect of biodegradation was stronger for RB19...
January 3, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Suvidha Gupta, Sanjay B Pawar
The research on microalgal biodiesel is focused not only on getting the highest lipid productivity but also desired quality of lipid. The experiments were initially conducted on flask scale (1L) using acetate carbon source at different concentrations viz. 0.5, 2, 3 and 4 g L-1. The optimum concentration of acetate was considered for further experiments in two airlift photobioreactors (10 L) equipped separately with red and white LED lights. The Feasibility Index (FI) was derived to analyze the scalability of mixotrophic cultivation based on net carbon fixation in biomass per consumption of total organic carbon...
December 29, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Gang-Gang Chong, Xiao-Jun Huang, Jun-Hua Di, Dao-Zhu Xu, Yu-Cai He, Ya-Nan Pei, Ya-Jie Tang, Cui-Luan Ma
Based on the Prussian blue spectrophotometric method, one high-throughput screening strategy for screening lignin-degrading microorganisms was built on 24-well plate at room temperature. One high activity of alkali lignin-degrading strain Rhodococcus pyridinivorans CCZU-B16 was isolated from soil. After the optimization of biodegradation, 30.2% of alkali lignin (4 g/L) was degraded under the nitrogen-limited condition (30/1 of C/N ratio; g/g) at 30 °C for 72 h. It was found that syringyl (S) units and guaiacyl (G) in lignin decreased after biodegradation...
December 26, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Murali Kannan Maruthamuthu, Jiyeon Hong, Kulandaisamy Arulsamy, Sivachandiran Somasundaram, SoonHo Hong, Woo-Seok Choe, Ik-Keun Yoo
Peptide-displaying Escherichia coli cells were investigated for use in adsorptive removal of bisphenol A (BPA) both in Luria-Bertani medium including BPA or ATM thermal paper eluted wastewater. Two recombinant strains were constructed with monomeric and dimeric repeats of the 7-mer BPA-binding peptide (KSLENSY), respectively. Greater than threefold increased adsorption of BPA [230.4 µmol BPA per g dry cell weight (DCW)] was found in dimeric peptide-displaying cells compared to monomeric strains (63.4 µmol per g DCW) in 15 ppm BPA solution...
December 20, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Chandra S Pundir, Ritu Deswal, Vinay Narwal
Determination of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has become essential in pharmaceutical, biological, clinical and environmental studies. The conventional detection methods of H2O2 such as colourimetry, titration, chromatography, spectrophotometry, fluorimetry, chemiluminescence have limited success, due to their poor selectivity and sensitivity, long analysis time and lack of long-term reliability and reproducibility. The biosensors overcome these limitations because of their simplicity, rapidity, selectivity and high sensitivity...
December 19, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Chae Hun Ra, Phunlap Sirisuk, Jang-Hyun Jung, Gwi-Taek Jeong, Sung-Koo Kim
Integrations of two-phase culture for cell growth and lipid accumulation using mixed LED and green LED wavelengths were evaluated with the microalgae, Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Isochrysis galbana, Nannochloropsis salina, and Nannochloropsis oceanica. Among the single and mixed LED wavelengths, mixed LED produced higher biomass of the four microalgae, reaching 1.03 g DCW/L I. galbana, followed by 0.95 g DCW/L P. tricornutum, 0.85 g DCW/L N. salina, and 0.62 g DCW/L N. oceanica than single LED or fluorescent lights at day 10...
December 19, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Dan Chen, Dong Wang, Zhixing Xiao, Hongyu Wang, Kai Yang
A combined bioelectrochemical and sulfur autotrophic denitrification (CBSAD) system was established to treat high concentration nitrate under different pH conditions in this study. The microbial communities and structures were evaluated to deeply reveal the nitrate removal mechanisms in this combined system. When initial pH was adjusted to 6.5, the CBSAD system obtained 66.45% denitrification efficiency. The combined system achieved highest nitrate removal efficiency of 96.84% at pH 7.5. However, nitrate removal efficiency decreased to 87...
December 16, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Kittipong Rattanaporn, Prapakorn Tantayotai, Theerawut Phusantisampan, Peerapong Pornwongthong, Malinee Sriariyanun
Effective lignocellulosic biomass saccharification is one of the crucial requirements of biofuel production via fermentation process. Organic acid pretreatments have been gained much interests as one of the high potential methods for promoting enzymatic saccharification of lignocellulosic materials due to their lower hazardous properties and lower production of inhibitory by-products of fermentation than typical chemical pretreatment methods. In this study, three organic acids, including acetic acid, oxalic acid, and citric acid, were examined for improvement of enzymatic saccharification and bioethanol production from oil palm trunk biomass...
December 16, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Pengfei Cheng, Yan Wang, David Osei-Wusu, Yuanzhu Wang, Tianzhong Liu
In this study, the microalgae Scenedesmus rubescens were cultivated under the following nitrogen sources, nitrogen concentrations, and nitrogen feeding times (NFTs). This was to help assess biomass and lipid productivity. Scenedesmus rubescens can grow well by adhering to the cellulose acetate membrane in five kinds of nitrogen medium: KNO3, urea, NaNO3, (NH4)2CO3, and NH4NO3. Under the criteria of bio-productivity and lipid productivity, urea was the optimal nitrogen source. Among different urea concentrates, biomass productivity and lipid content of S...
December 11, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Maria Syngelaki, Matthias Hardner, Patrick Oberthuer, Thomas Bley, Danilo Schneider, Felix Lenk
A novel, non-destructive method for the biomass estimation of biological samples on culture dishes was developed. To achieve this, a photogrammetric system, which consists of a digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR), an illuminated platform where the culture dishes are positioned and an Arduino board which controls the capturing process, was constructed. The camera was mounted on a holder which set the camera at different title angles and the platform rotated, to capture images from different directions. A software, based on stereo photogrammetry, was developed for the three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the samples...
December 11, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Ping Liu, Xinggao Liu, Zeyin Zhang, Yalin Wang, Chunhua Yang, Weihua Gui
Since a very slight violation of constraint could cause process safety and product quality problems in biochemical processes, an adaptive approach of fed-batch reactor production optimization that can strictly satisfy constraints over the entire operating time is presented. In this approach, an improved smooth function is proposed such that the inequality constraints can be transformed into smooth constraints. Based on this, only an auxiliary state is needed to monitor violations in the augmented performance index...
December 8, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Idris Yazgan, Elizabeth G Turner, Lauren E Cronmiller, Muammer Tepe, Taylan K Ozturk, Murat Elibol
Maltose syrups have got wide-range utilizations in a variety of applications from bakery to drug-development. α-Amylases are among the most widely utilized industrial enzymes due to their high specificity in production of maltose syrup from starch. However, enzymes are not stable in ex vivo conditions towards alteration in pH, temperature, and such other parameters as high salt concentrations and impurities, where immobilization is required to advance the stability of the enzyme with which approach the requirement of isolation of the enzyme from media is eliminated as well...
December 8, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Lin-Rui Tan, Peng-Fei Xia, Qian Li, Xian-Zheng Yuan, Shu-Guang Wang
One barrier inhibiting further progress in biofuel production is the toxicity of biofuels towards their producers. It is promising to apply gene-based intracellular techniques to engineer better strains with higher organic solvent tolerance. These methods are, however, complex. In the present study, we developed a simple, manageable, and commercial extracellular prototypal strategy to alleviate n-butanol (n-BuOH) stress on Escherichia coli via a micelle-mediated transport disturbance. When the concentration of sodium dodecyl sulfate, a typical anionic surfactant, is high enough to form micelles, n-BuOH will be trapped into/onto the micelles, and the negative charge prevents the n-BuOH from approaching the cells...
December 5, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Victor Hugo Grisales Diaz, Gerard Olivar Tost
Acetone, butanol, and ethanol (ABE) is an alternative biofuel. However, the energy requirement of ABE recovery by distillation is considered elevated (> 15.2 MJ fuel/Kg-ABE), due to the low concentration of ABE from fermentation broths (between 15 and 30 g/l). In this work, to reduce the energy requirements of ABE recovery, four processes of heat-integrated distillation were proposed. The energy requirements and economic evaluations were performed using the fermentation broths of several biocatalysts...
December 5, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Eun-Young Jang, Yong-Jun Son, Soo-Yeun Park, Ji-Yeon Yoo, Young-Nam Cho, Seong-Yun Jeong, Shaomin Liu, Hong-Joo Son
In the present study, keratinase from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia R13 was used for the first time as a reducing agent for the eco-friendly synthesis of AgNPs. The keratinase produced by strain R13 was responsible for the reduction of silver ions and the subsequent formation of AgNPs. Maximum AgNP synthesis was achieved using 2 mM AgNO3 at pH 9 and 40 °C. Electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering analysis showed AgNPs were spherical and of average diameter ~ 8.4 nm. X-ray diffraction revealed that AgNPs were crystalline...
December 4, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
D Strieth, R Ulber, K Muffler
Biotechnological production of valuables by microorganisms is commonly achieved by cultivating the cells as suspended solids in an appropriate liquid medium. However, the main portion of these organisms features a surface-attached growth in their native habitats. The utilization of such biofilms shows significant challenges, e.g. concerning control of pH, nutrient supply, and heat/mass transfer. But the use of biofilms might also enable novel and innovative production processes addressing robustness and strength of the applied biocatalyst, for example if variable conditions might occur in the process or a feedstock (substrate) is changed in its composition...
December 2, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Yuanyuan Qu, Shengnan You, Xuwang Zhang, Xiaofang Pei, Wenli Shen, Zhichao Li, Shuzhen Li, Zhaojing Zhang
A green and eco-friendly method for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) was developed using the cell-free extracts of a yeast strain Magnusiomyces ingens LH-F1. UV-vis spectra showed a distinct absorption band at ~ 540 nm, corresponding to the surface plasmon resonance of AuNPs. Transmission electron microscopy images revealed that the shapes of AuNPs were almost spherical and pseudo-spherical. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analyses suggested that some proteins containing amino- and carboxyl-groups in the cell-free extracts were absorbed on the surface of nanoparticles, which could act as reducing and capping agents for AuNPs synthesis...
November 29, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
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