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Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

Sanath Kondaveeti, Jung Mi Moon, Booki Min
The performance of a single chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) with a low-cost polypropylene separator was investigated at various electrode interspaces in a separator electrode assembly (SEA). The lag period was shortened (3.74-0.17 days) and voltage generation was enhanced (0.2-0.5 V) as electrode spacing was increased from 0 to 9 mm. Power density was increased from 220 to 370 mW/m(2) with increased spacing. The highest power density of 488 mW/m(2) was obtained in polarization analysis with 6 mm. The oxygen mass transfer coefficients with 0 mm (K o = 3...
September 16, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Aline R Alkmim, Paula R da Costa, Priscila B Moser, Luzia S França Neta, Vânia M J Santiago, Ana C Cerqueira, Beatriz G Reis, Míriam C S Amaral
This study aims to evaluate membrane bioreactor (MBR) performance in a pilot scale to treat petroleum refinery effluent, and has been primarily focused on (1) investigation of dynamics of organic matter removal; (2) characterization of membrane fouling under real hazardous events; (3) evaluation of the effect of fouling on membrane lifetime; and (4) estimate the membrane lifetime. The results have shown that the MBR was able to effectively reduce COD, NH3-N, turbidity, color, phenol and toxicity, and bring them to the levels required to meet disposal and non-potable water reuse standards...
September 15, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Peng-Cheng Chen, Xin-Hua Zha, Pu Zheng
A new applicability of wastewater of dextran fermentation (WWDF) for biological production of succinic acid with A. succinogenes CCTCC M2012036 was reported in this work for the first time. Notably, K2CO3 was used instead of MgCO3 in the pH regulating process for operational feasibility and a cell immobilization methodology by attaching cells on cotton fibrous matrix was adopted for cell recycle. The initial sugar concentration as well as matrix usage was optimized by investigating the cell growth, succinic acid concentration and yield...
September 15, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Govindasamy Rajakumar, Muthu Thiruvengadam, Govindarasu Mydhili, Thandapani Gomathi, Ill-Min Chung
Bio-mediated synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) was carried out by utilizing the reducing and capping potential of Andrographis paniculata leaf extract. The capped ZnO NPs were characterized using UV-Vis, XRD, FTIR, SEM, TEM and SAED analyses. FTIR analysis suggested the role of phenolic compounds, terpenoids, and proteins of A. paniculata leaf extract, in nucleation and stability of ZnO NPs. XRD pattern compared with the standard confirmed spectrum of zinc oxide particles formed in the present experiments were in the form of nanocrystals, as evidenced by the peaks at 2θ values...
September 15, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Wei Qin, FuQiang Fan, Yi Zhu, Yingying Wang, Xiang Liu, Aizhong Ding, Junfeng Dou
High-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are persistent organic pollutants with great environmental and human health risks and the associated bioremediation activities have always been hampered by the lack of powerful bacterial species under redox conditions. A Microbacterium sp. strain capable of using benzo(a)pyrene as sole carbon and energy sources under denitrifying conditions was isolated. The difference in protein expression during BaP removal and removal characterization were investigated...
September 14, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Xin Zeng, Junjie Zhao, Xusheng Chen, Zhonggui Mao, Wenyun Miao
The simultaneous consumption of glucose and glycerol led to remarkably higher productivity of both biomass and ε-poly-L-lysine (ε-PL), which was of great significance in industrial microbial fermentation. To further understand the superior fermentation performances, transcriptional analysis and exogenous substrates addition were carried out to study the simultaneous utilization of glucose and glycerol by Streptomyces albulus M-Z18. Transcriptome analysis revealed that there was no mutual transcriptional suppression between the utilization of glucose and glycerol, which was quite different from typical "glucose effect"...
September 13, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Yibo Shan, Yao Wang, Jianfeng Li, Hongcan Shi, Yiwei Fan, Junfeng Yang, Weidong Ren, Xi Yu
The goals of our study were to evaluate the biomechanical properties and cellular biocompatibility of 3D printed tracheal graft fabricated by polycaprolactone (PCL). Compared with native tracheal patch, there was a significant increase in maximum stress and elastic modulus for 3DP tracheal graft (p < 0.05). BMSCs were co-cultured under four different conditions to investigate cytotoxicity of the graft: (1) co-cultured with normal culture medium, as blank control; (2) co-cultured with perfluoropropylene, as negative control; (3) co-cultured with 3DP tracheal graft; and (4) co-cultured with polyvinyl chloride, as positive control...
September 8, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Muhamad Hafiz Abd Rahim, Hanan Hasan, Hanis H Harith, Ali Abbas
This study investigates the effects of viscosity, friction, and sonication on the morphology and the production of lovastatin, (+)-geodin, and sulochrin by Aspergillus terreus ATCC 20542. Sodium alginate and gelatine were used to protect the fungal pellet from mechanical force by increasing the media viscosity. Sodium alginate stimulated the production of lovastatin by up to 329.0% and sulochrin by 128.7%, with inhibitory effect on (+)-geodin production at all concentrations used. However, the use of gelatine to increase viscosity significantly suppressed lovastatin, (+)-geodin, and sulochrin's production (maximum reduction at day 9 of 42...
September 6, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Ling Lee, Chih-Yuan Hsu, Hong-Wei Yen
Chromium is an acutely toxic heavy metal that is known to be a carcinogen. Of the two predominant forms of chromium, Cr(III) and Cr(VI), Cr(III) has only about one thousandth the toxicity of Cr(VI). Using microalgal biomass is one way to remove Cr(VI) from the environment. Four days of hydraulic retention time (HRT) was required to completely reduce 10 mg/L of Cr(VI) in the influent. Microalgal biomass is conventionally regarded as an adsorbent in most Cr(VI) reduction studies. However, this study found that Chlorella vulgaris had the potential to convert Cr(VI) to Cr(III) through the enzymatic route of chromium reductase although the measured chromium reductase activity of C...
September 4, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Ravi Rajamanickam, Divya Baskaran
Petroleum oil refineries are massive emitters of risky volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Among the VOCs, toluene is taken into account as a significant pollutant. In the present study, a compost biofilter is used to treat the toluene vapor. However, an elimination capacity and removal efficiency of the biofilter was investigated for a wide range of toluene concentrations (0.29-3.8 g m(-3)) and operated for 54 days effectively. Elimination capacity of 93 g m(-3) h(-1) was recorded as maximum value at a toluene inlet concentration of 114 g m(-3) h(-1)...
September 4, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Lichen He, Weimin Yang, Changfeng Guan, Hua Yan, Pengcheng Fu
Industrial-scale microalgal cultivation for food, feedstocks and biofuel production is limited by several engineering factors, such as cultivation systems. As a closed microalgal growth system, tubular photobioreactors are the most preferred ones in the mass algae production. In this work, microalgal cultivation and hydrodynamic characterization using a novel tubular photobioreactor equipped with helical blade rotors (HBRs) were investigated, with the aid of computational fluid dynamics and cultivation experiments to evaluate the effect of HBRs on the performance of tubular photobioreactor and growth of the Chlorella sp...
August 29, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Kun Zhang, Zi Jin, Pan Wang, Sui-Ping Zheng, Shuang-Yan Han, Ying Lin
Lipase-displaying yeast cells are a promising alternative to the conventional immobilised lipases for organic bioconversions. However, the hydrophilic characteristics of the yeast cell surface may impede efficient immobilisation. Herein, we tested three methods to enhance the hydrophobicity of the surface of Candida antarctica lipase B-displaying Pichia pastoris cells, co-displaying a fungal hydrophobin, coating with ionic liquids, and adding decane as a hydrophobic carbon source during fermentation. Modified cells showed higher surface hydrophobicity and superior esterification of C6-C18 saturated fatty acids in hydrophobic solvents...
August 24, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Jingyu Chang, Kai Le, Xiaoqiang Song, Kailin Jiao, Xianhai Zeng, Xueping Ling, Tuo Shi, Xing Tang, Yong Sun, Lu Lin
The present study attempts to cultivate Porphyridium purpureum under different scale-up conditions for further development and commercialization of microalgae-derived PUFAs such as ARA and EPA. Different temperatures (25, 30, and 35 °C) and light intensities (70, 165, and 280 μmol/m(2)s) were applied to the 50 L pilot-scale cultivation of P. purpureum in ASW. The cultivation under the light intensity of 280 μmol/m(2)s at 35 °C obtained biomass concentration up to 9.52 g/L, total fatty acid content to 56...
August 23, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Sitanan Thitiprasert, Kentaro Kodama, Somboon Tanasupawat, Phatthanon Prasitchoke, Tanapawarin Rampai, Budsabathip Prasirtsak, Vasana Tolieng, Jiraporn Piluk, Suttichai Assabumrungrat, Nuttha Thongchul
Bacillus sp. BC-001 was first reported as a potent thermotolerant and homofermentative strain for an industrial-scale L-lactate production. In a flask culture, this isolate fermented both glucose and sucrose to lactate with high yield (0.96 and 0.87 g/g) and productivity (2.8 and 2.6 g/L h), respectively. The higher lactate production performance was obtained in the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of liquefied starch (150.1 g/L final titer, 0.98 g/g yield, 3.2 g/L h productivity) and the fed-batch glucose fermentation (139...
August 22, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Jianrong Wu, Jingbo Zhang, Panpan Wang, Li Zhu, Minjie Gao, Zhiyong Zheng, Xiaobei Zhan
Foaming problem and cost of substrate limit the commercial application of rhamnolipids, a potential biosurfactant produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We explored the production of rhamnolipids by a semi-solid-state (SSS) fermentation strategy with glycerol as carbon source and rapeseed/wheat bran as matrix, along with the capacity of the produced rhamnolipids to solubilize lead and cadmium in aqueous solution. Structural analysis by MALDI-TOF MS indicated the increased proportion of mono-rhamnolipids from SSS fermentation...
August 12, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Francisco J Choix, Elena Polster, Rosa Isela Corona-González, Raúl Snell-Castro, Hugo O Méndez-Acosta
Microalgae are considered as a promising biotechnological strategy to capture CO2 from biogas, producing biomass with valuable energetic compounds. This study has evaluated the biotechnological potential to fix CO2 from biogas and biomass production by Scenedesmus obliquus cultured in four different formulations of culture media, C30, Bristol, Bold 3N, and C30+M, as well as the effect of methane (CH4) of biogas during CO2 fixation and biomass production. The results obtained showed that different nutrient composition and concentration of culture media, mainly micronutrient and vitamin concentrations, induced different patterns of CO2 fixation from biogas and biomass production in S...
August 11, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Milena G Žuža, Nikola Z Milašinović, Marko M Jonović, Jelena R Jovanović, Melina T Kalagasidis Krušić, Branko M Bugarski, Zorica D Knežević-Jugović
In this study, alcalase (protease from Bacillus licheniformis) immobilization by adsorption, enzyme crosslinking and covalent enzyme binding to activated chitosan microbeads were examined. The biocatalysts highest activity was obtained by covalent immobilization of alcalase onto a solid support. The alcalase covalent immobilization onto different types of chitosan beads obtained by inverse emulsion technique and electrostatic extrusion was studied. Parameters examined under different conditions were beads diameter, enzyme loading, enzyme capacity yield, and biocatalyst activity...
August 11, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
E J Lee, K-H Lim
Paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded gelatin nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared, for the first time, by novel O/W/O emulsion with a single-step emulsion process accompanying solvent diffusion, in contrast to the conventional double-step emulsion processes. Linoleic acid was chosen among the natural fatty acids as the exterior medium for the single-step emulsion process accompanying solvent diffusion. The size mean and zeta potential of the PTX-loaded gelatin NPs in their suspension were 164.95 nm (±6.43 nm) distributed with a polydispersity of 0...
August 8, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Mladen Pavlečić, Tonči Rezić, Mirela Ivančić Šantek, Predrag Horvat, Božidar Šantek
Fossil fuels are still major energy sources, but the search for renewable energy sources has been encouraged. Bioethanol has been recognized as an alternative to fossil fuels and nowadays it represents more than 90% of the global biofuel production. Bioethanol production from raw sugar beet cossettes as a semi-solid substrate was studied. The study was carried out in the horizontal rotating tubular bioreactor (HRTB) with Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a microbial production strain. The impact of different combinations of HRTB operational parameters such as, rotation speed (5-15 min(-1)), rotation type [constant or interval (3-15 min h(-1))] and working volume (ratio V W/V T = 0...
August 2, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Fatemeh Nourbakhsh, Mohsen Mohsennia, Mohammad Pazouki
A novel nickel oxide/carbon nanotube/polyaniline (NCP) nanocomposite has been prepared and used to modify the electrocatalytic properties of carbon cloth anode in fabricating dual-chamber MFC. The prepared nanocomposite was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The carbon cloth coated with the NCP nanocomposite showed the enhanced electrochemical performance as compared to bare carbon cloth anode. The electrochemical properties of the fabricated MFC with the modified anode have been investigated by linear sweep voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy...
August 1, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
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