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Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735386/the-performance-and-microbial-communities-of-biodegradation-electron-transfer-with-sulfur-metabolism-integrated-process-for-flue-gas-desulfurization-wastewater-treatment
#1
Chao Wei, Wenjie He, Li Wei, Jun Ma, Chunying Li
The biodegradation-electron transfer with sulfur metabolism integrated (BESI(®)) process was used for the treatment of real flue gas desulfurization wastewater. The BESI(®) process consists of an anaerobic activated sludge reactor, an anoxic activated sludge reactor, and an aerobic bio-film reactor. The performance of the integrated process was evaluated by the removal efficiencies of organics and nitrogen pollutants. The sulfate in the wastewater was used as an abundant sulfur source to drive the integrated process...
July 22, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730325/single-stage-photofermentative-biohydrogen-production-from-sugar-beet-molasses-by-different-purple-non-sulfur-bacteria
#2
Emrah Sagir, Ebru Ozgur, Ufuk Gunduz, Inci Eroglu, Meral Yucel
Biohydrogen production via fermentative routes offers considerable advantages in waste recycling and sustainable energy production. This can be realized by single-stage dark or photofermentative processes, or by a two-stage integrated process; the latter offering the higher production yields due to complete conversion of sugar substrates into H2 and CO2. However, problems arising from the integration of these two processes limit its scale-up and implementation. Hence, high efficiency one-step fermentative biohydrogen production processes from sugar-rich wastes are preferable...
July 20, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730324/the-role-of-ndgr-in-glycerol-metabolism-in-streptomyces-coelicolor
#3
Bo-Rahm Lee, Shashi Kant Bhatia, Hun-Suk Song, Junyoung Kim, Wooseong Kim, Hyung-Yeon Park, Jeong-Jun Yoon, Sung-Hee Park, Daehee Hwang, Byung-Gee Kim, Yung-Hun Yang
Streptomyces, which produces many pharmaceutical antibiotics and anticancer agents, is a genus of soil-dwelling bacteria with numerous regulators that control both primary and secondary metabolism. NdgR is highly conserved in Streptomyces spp. and is known to be involved in antibiotic production, tolerance against shock and physical stress, nitrogen metabolism, leucine metabolism, and N-acetylglucosamine metabolism. As another function of NdgR, we report the involvement of NdgR in glycerol metabolism in S. coelicolor...
July 20, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721445/a-two-step-bioprocessing-strategy-in-pentonic-acids-production-from-lignocellulosic-pre-hydrolysate
#4
Xin Zhou, Lu Huang, Yong Xu, Shiyuan Yu
Efficient utilization (over needless disposal) of biorefinery pre-hydrolysate is an economically relevant practice for improving biorefinery financial prospects. The liquid fraction obtained after acid hydrolysis pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass, called pre-hydrolysate, are predominantly comprised of hemicellulosic carbohydrates. Using a two-step bioprocess, the hexoses were selectively fermented to ethanol by S. cerevisiae to clear the path for Gluconobacter oxydans transformation of pentoses to a high purity pentonic acids solution...
July 18, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717833/an-interdigital-array-microelectrode-aptasensor-based-on-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-for-detection-of-tetracycline
#5
Wenjie Hou, Zhaoqiang Shi, Yemin Guo, Xia Sun, Xiangyou Wang
In this study an impedance aptasensor was designed for sensitive, selective, and fast detection of tetracycline (TET) based on an interdigital array microelectrode (IDAM). The IDAM was integrated with impedance detection to miniaturize the conventional electrodes, enhance the sensitivity, shorten the detection time, and minimize interfering effects of non-target analytes in the solution. Due to their excellent conductivity, good biocompatibility, the multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were used to modify the IDAM to immobilize TET aptamer effectively...
July 17, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710569/low-shear-modeled-microgravity-grown-penicillium-chrysogenum-mediated-biosynthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-with-enhanced-antimicrobial-activity-and-its-anticancer-effect-in-human-liver-cancer-and-fibroblast-cells
#6
Sunirmal Sheet, Yesupatham Sathishkumar, Allur Subramaniyam Sivakumar, Kwan Seob Shim, Yang Soo Lee
Gravitational force and shear forces induce various changes in gene expression and metabolite production of microorganisms. Previous reports have shown that there are differences in the expression of different sets of proteins and enzymes under microgravity conditions compared to normal gravity. The aim of this study is to utilize culture filtrates of Penicillium chrysogenum grown under microgravity and normal conditions to synthesize silver nanoparticles and to examine whether there is any difference between their physiochemical and biological function...
July 14, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710568/microbial-community-analysis-of-simultaneous-ammonium-removal-and-fe-3-reduction-at-different-influent-ammonium-concentrations
#7
Jun Feng Su, Ting Ting Lian, Ting Lin Huang, Dong Hui Liang, Li Wei, Wen Dong Wang
This study investigates the impacts of influent ammonium concentrations on the microbial community in immobilized heterotrophic ammonium removal system. Klebsiella sp. FC61, the immobilized species, has the ability to perform simultaneous ammonium removal and Fe(3+) reduction. It was found that average ammonium removal rate decreased from 0.308 to 0.157 mg/L/h, as the influent NH4(+)-N was reduced from 20 to 10 mg/L. Meanwhile, at a total Fe(3+) concentration of 20 mg/L, the average Fe(3+) reduction removal efficiency and rate decreased from 44...
July 14, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687857/improving-catalytic-performance-of-an-arylacetonitrilase-by-semirational-engineering
#8
Ya-Ping Xue, Biao Jiao, Deng-En Hua, Feng Cheng, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Yu-Guo Zheng
Arylacetonitrilases have been widely acknowledged as important alternatives to chemical catalysts for synthesizing optically pure 2-hydroxyphenylacetic acids from nitriles. In this work, two residues (Thr132 and Ser190) located at the catalytic tunnel in the active site of an arylacetonitrilase nitA from uncultured organisms were mutated separately by site-directed mutagenesis. Ser190 was demonstrated to be the critical position which has a greater influence on arylacetonitrilase nitA activity than Thr132. The replacement of serine at position 190 with glycine increases its activity toward mandelonitrile and (o, m, p)-chloromandelonitrile, whereas replacing it with leucine abolished its activity...
July 7, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676893/immobilization-of-rhizomucor-miehei-lipase-on-a-polymeric-film-for-synthesis-of-important-fatty-acid-esters-kinetics-and-application-studies
#9
Vivek C Badgujar, Kirtikumar C Badgujar, Pravin M Yeole, Bhalchandra M Bhanage
The present work deals with the designing of biocompatible hybrid blend of cellulosic copolymers made of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HMC) and chitosan (CHI) for immobilization of Rhizomucor miehei lipase (RML), in order to construct the robust biocatalytic system to synthesize industrially important dodecanoate compounds (fatty acid esters). The present biocatalyst HMC:CHI:RML was characterized in detail by various physical and biochemical methods and subsequently applied for the synthesis of fatty acid esters...
July 4, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674730/cauliflower-waste-utilization-for-sustainable-biobutanol-production-revelation-of-drying-kinetics-and-bioprocess-development
#10
Manisha A Khedkar, Pranhita R Nimbalkar, Prakash V Chavan, Yogesh J Chendake, Sandip B Bankar
Efficient yet economic production of biofuel(s) using varied second-generation feedstock needs to be explored in the current scenario to cope up with global fuel demand. Hence, the present study was performed to reveal the use of cauliflower waste for acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) production using Clostridium acetobutylicum NRRL B 527. The proximate analysis of cauliflower waste demonstrated to comprise 17.32% cellulose, 9.12% hemicellulose, and 5.94% lignin. Drying of cauliflower waste was carried out in the temperature range of 60-120 °C to investigate its effect on ABE production...
July 3, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667350/strain-and-plastic-composite-support-pcs-selection-for-vitamin-k-menaquinone-7-production-in-biofilm-reactors
#11
Ehsan Mahdinia, Ali Demirci, Aydin Berenjian
Menaquinone-7 (MK-7), a subtype of vitamin K, has received a significant attention due to its effect on improving bone and cardiovascular health. Current fermentation strategies, which involve static fermentation without aeration or agitation, are associated with low productivity and scale-up issues and hardly justify the commercial production needs of this vitamin. Previous studies indicate that static fermentation is associated with pellicle and biofilm formations, which are critical for MK-7 secretion while posing significant operational issues...
June 30, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656375/non-contact-raman-spectroscopy-for-in-line-monitoring-of-glucose-and-ethanol-during-yeast-fermentations
#12
Robert Schalk, Frank Braun, Rudolf Frank, Matthias Rädle, Norbert Gretz, Frank-Jürgen Methner, Thomas Beuermann
The monitoring of microbiological processes using Raman spectroscopy has gained in importance over the past few years. Commercial Raman spectroscopic equipment consists of a laser, spectrometer, and fiberoptic immersion probe in direct contact with the fermentation medium. To avoid possible sterilization problems and biofilm formation on the probe tip, a large-aperture Raman probe was developed. The design of the probe enables non-contact in-line measurements through glass vessels or inspection glasses of bioreactors and chemical reactors...
June 27, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647826/numerical-simulation-of-a-glucose-sensitive-composite-membrane-closed-loop-insulin-delivery-system
#13
Shashi Bajaj Mukherjee, Debabrata Datta, Soumyendu Raha, Debnath Pal
Closed-loop insulin delivery system works on pH modulation by gluconic acid production from glucose, which in turn allows regulation of insulin release across membrane. Typically, the concentration variation of gluconic acid can be numerically modeled by a set of non-linear, non-steady state reaction diffusion equations. Here, we report a simpler numerical approach to time and position dependent diffusivity of species using finite difference and differential quadrature (DQ) method. The results are comparable to that obtained by analytical method...
June 24, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647825/contribution-characteristics-of-the-in-situ-extracellular-polymeric-substances-eps-in-phanerochaete-chrysosporium-to-pb-immobilization
#14
Ningjie Li, Xuehong Zhang, Dunqiu Wang, Yan Cheng, Lei Wu, Linbo Fu
White rot fungi have been extensively reported to have strong adsorption capacity to heavy metal ions, whereas the knowledge of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) from the fungus has been rarely involved. In this study, the contribution characteristics of 'the in situ EPS in Phanerochaete chrysosporium to Pb immobilization were investigated. First of all, the component and amount of EPS were investigated. It was found that the main component of EPS was carbohydrates, and highest EPS amount was produced at 5 days...
June 24, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646332/a-rational-approach-for-the-improvement-of-biomass-production-and-lipid-profile-in-cacao-cell-suspensions
#15
Adriana María Gallego Rúa, Luisa Fernanda Rojas, Aura Ines Urrea Trujillo, Oriana Parra Zuleta, Cristian David Correa Alvarez, Lucía Atehortúa Garcés
Cocoa butter (CB) is produced in the seeds of Theobroma cacao representing 50% of its dry weight. The lipid composition plays an important role in the physicochemical, rheological, and sensory properties of the CB, making this fat a valuable resource for the production of chocolates, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. In this paper, are described experimental strategies used for a rational improvement of biomass production and fatty acids in cacao cell suspension cultures. First, the lipid profile in four cacao varieties is characterized, and then, one variety is selected to induce cell suspensions using a direct method without previous establishment of a callus phase...
June 23, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642968/enhancing-the-enzymatic-saccharification-of-bamboo-shoot-shell-by-sequential-biological-pretreatment-with-galactomyces-sp-cczu11-1-and-deep-eutectic-solvent-extraction
#16
Yong Dai, Hai-Sheng Zhang, Bin Huan, Yucai He
In this study, sequential biological pretreatment (BP) with Galactomyces sp. CCZU11-1 at 30 °C for 3 days and deep eutectic solvent (DES) choline chloride: oxalic acid (ChCl:OA, 1 mol/2 mol) extraction at 120 °C for 1.5 h was used for pretreating BSS. It was found that combination pretreatment could effectively remove xylan and lignin for enhancing enzymatic saccharification. The reducing sugars and glucose from the hydrolysis of 100 g/L pretreated BSS with complexed cellulases of Galactomyces sp. CCZU11-1 were obtained in the yields of 81...
June 22, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634846/lipid-accumulation-and-metabolic-analysis-based-on-transcriptome-sequencing-of-filamentous-oleaginous-microalgae-tribonema-minus-at-different-growth-phases
#17
Hui Wang, Lili Gao, Huimin Shao, Wenjun Zhou, Tianzhong Liu
Filamentous oleaginous microalgae specie Tribonema minus is a promising feedstock for biodiesel production. However, the metabolic mechanism of lipid production in this filamentous microalgal specie remains unclear. Here, we compared the lipid accumulation of T. minus at different growth phases, and described the de novo transcriptome sequencing and assembly and identified important pathways and genes involved in TAG production. Total lipid increased by 2.5-fold and its TAG level in total lipid reached 81.1% at stationary phase...
June 20, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624929/latex-peptidases-of-calotropis-procera-for-dehairing-of-leather-as-an-alternative-to-environmentally-toxic-sodium-sulfide-treatment
#18
Laura M I Lopéz, Carolina A Viana, María E Errasti, María L Garro, José E Martegani, Germán A Mazzilli, Cléverson D T Freitas, Ídila M S Araújo, Rafaela O da Silva, Márcio V Ramos
Dehairing of crude leather is a critical stage performed at the beginning of its processing to obtain industrially useful pieces. Tanneries traditionally apply a chemical process based on sodium sulfide. Since this chemical reactive is environmentally toxic and inefficiently recycled, innovative protocols for reducing or eliminating its use in leather depilation are welcomed. Therefore, latex peptidases from Calotropis procera (CpLP) and Cryptostegia grandiflora (CgLP) were assayed for this purpose. Enzyme activity on substrates representative of skin such as hide powder azure (UHPA), elastin (UE), azocollagen (UAZOCOL), keratin (UK), and epidermis (UEP) was determined, while depilation activity was assayed on cow hide...
June 17, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616686/mechanistic-approach-for-fabrication-of-gold-nanoparticles-by-nitzschia%C3%A2-diatom-and-their%C3%A2-antibacterial-activity
#19
Hemant P Borase, Chandrashekhar D Patil, Rahul K Suryawanshi, Sunil H Koli, Bhavana V Mohite, Giovanni Benelli, Satish V Patil
The problem of chemically synthesized nanoproducts motivated scientific community to explore ecofriendly methods of nanosynthesis. Diatoms belong to a group of aquatic, unicellular, photosynthetic microalgae have been scarcely investigated as a source of reducing and capping agents for nanosynthesis of pesticides and antibiotics. The present study reports a novel ecofriendly method for the fabrication of bioactive gold nanoparticles using locally isolated Nitzschia diatoms. The diatom-fabricated gold nanoparticles show characteristic ruby red colored with sharp absorbance peak at 529 nm...
June 14, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612166/biodegradation-of-pyrene-by-candida-sp-s1-under-high-salinity-conditions
#20
Tony Hadibarata, Ameer Badr Khudhair, Risky Ayu Kristanti, Hesam Kamyab
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon is a toxic recalcitrant environmental pollutant and its removal from the environment is very essential. In this study, a novel S1 strain isolated from the tropical rain forest was identified as Candida species based on 18S rRNA. The pyrene biodegradation was performed by Candida sp. S1. Pyrene was 35% degraded in 15 days. The percentage of pyrene biodegradation increased up to 75% with 24 g L(-1) of sodium chloride and decreased along with increasing salinity. Under the acidic condition, the biodegradation was increased up to 60% at pH 5...
June 13, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
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