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ANZ Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925429/repair-of-groin-hernia-under-local-anaesthesia-in-secondary-health-facility
#1
Julius G Olaogun, Jide M Afolayan, Peter O Areo, Joshua T Ige
BACKGROUND: Repair of groin hernias is the most commonly performed elective procedure by general surgeons worldwide. The techniques of anaesthesia differ among surgeons and vary from one health facility to another. General anaesthesia is much favoured in spite of the lack of anaesthetists in our setting. We aim to determine the feasibility of groin hernia repair under local anaesthesia (LA) with respect to patients' morbidity, acceptability and satisfaction. METHOD: Ninety-seven patients with uncomplicated groin hernias treated between July 2012 and June 2015, at the State Specialist Hospital, Ikere-Ekiti, Nigeria were recruited for the study...
December 7, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905196/from-scratch-developing-a-hepatic-resection-service-for-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#2
Neil Wylie, Phillip Hider, Delwyn Armstrong, Kheman Rajkomar, Sanket Srinivasa, Michael Rodgers, Anna Brown, Jonathan Koea
BACKGROUND: Waitemata District Health Board has New Zealand's largest catchment and busiest colorectal unit. The upper gastrointestinal unit was established in 2005, in part to provide a hepatic resection service for patients with colorectal carcinoma metastatic to the liver. The aim of this investigation was to report on quality indicators for the hepatic resection of colorectal carcinoma in the development of a regional resection service. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on patients undergoing hepatic resection for colorectal carcinoma between 2005 and 2014 was reviewed and correlated with costing data and national hepatic resection rates...
December 1, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905188/combined-treatment-for-single-giant-pulmonary-metastasis-from-osteosarcoma-from-inside-to-outside
#3
Marco Chiappetta, Daniele Forcella, Federico Pierconti, Francesco Facciolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905184/lower-urinary-tract-imaging-in-pelvic-fracture-an-11-year-review-of-genitourinary-complications-and-clinical-outcomes
#4
Wilson Choi, Handoo Rhee, Eric Chung
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic cysto-urethrogram (CUG) is accepted as the standard of imaging for lower urinary tract (LUT) injuries in patients with pelvic fracture. This study evaluates the prevalence of LUT trauma and adequacy of diagnostic CUG in the initial assessment of patients with pelvic fractures. METHODS: A retrospective review on all patients admitted with pelvic trauma between 2002 and 2012 was undertaken following ethics approval. Patient demographics such as pelvic fracture pattern, genitourinary injury, diagnostic imaging tests and clinical outcomes were reviewed...
December 1, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905180/frequency-and-cost-of-acute-surgical-admissions-in-over-anticoagulated-patients-over-anticoagulation-in-the-community
#5
Moea Nimmo, Delwyn Armstrong, Jonathan B Koea
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation treatment in the community is common. This investigation was undertaken to determine the frequency of patient surgical admission with conditions associated with over-anticoagulation in the community and the surgical resource required to effectively and safely manage these patients acutely. METHODS: Hospital discharge data on individual patients admitted to Waitemata District Health Board hospitals between December 2014 and November 2015 inclusive were reviewed...
December 1, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905178/follow-up-to-determine-unplanned-hospitalization-and-complications-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#6
Edwina Chan, Teresa Neeman, Andrew Thomson
BACKGROUND: Studies of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-related complications are inconsistent and sometimes have insufficient patient follow-up. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for ERCP-related events, leading to hospitalization in the case of outpatients and prolonged hospital stay in the case of inpatients, using assiduous follow-up and contemporaneous recording of data. METHODS: Prospectively collected data of 1000 consecutive ERCP procedures performed by a single endoscopist at a tertiary referral centre in Canberra, Australia, were studied and the complications evaluated...
December 1, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905197/adult-hepatoblastoma-a-review-of-47-cases
#7
Xiao-Feng Duan, Qiang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Adult hepatoblastoma is a very rare and aggressive neoplasm. The aim of this study was to review the cases of adult hepatoblastoma patients. METHODS: A search of all case reports about adult hepatoblastoma from 1958 to 2016 by medical database was performed. Data about demographic information, clinical symptoms and signs, laboratory test and imaging examination, treatment and clinical outcomes were extracted and analysed. RESULTS: A total of 43 English articles including 47 cases of adult hepatoblastoma patients were collected...
November 30, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905187/no-clinically-meaningful-weight-changes-in-a-young-cohort-following-total-joint-arthroplasty-at-3-year-follow-up
#8
Peter M Formby, Richard L Purcell, Michael Baird, Matthew Wagner, Ronald P Goodlett, Andrew W Mack
BACKGROUND: Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is one of the most successful operations. There is little in the literature regarding weight change following TJA, particularly in a young cohort. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 181 primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and 185 primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients was conducted. We reviewed preoperative and post-operative weights and post-operative body mass index at 3 and 6 months, 1 year, 2 and 3 years...
November 30, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905185/how-to-write-a-paper-revising-your-manuscript
#9
Bruce Su'a, Wiremu S MacFater, Andrew G Hill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905183/mini-c-arm-faster-cheaper-safer
#10
Tom J Gieroba, Nicole Williams, Georgia Antoniou, Peter J Cundy
BACKGROUND: Mini C-arm image intensifiers (IIs) are promoted to permit lower radiation dose than traditional IIs with a lower purchase price and without the need for a radiographer, saving time. In real-world usage, radiation dose is not always lower. METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data for 620 children undergoing forearm fracture reduction in theatre was undertaken. Imaging was performed with the Fluoroscan mini C-arm or a comparison traditional II...
November 30, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880987/assessing-surgical-research-at-the-teaching-hospital-level
#11
Kate E McBride, Jane M Young, Paul G Bannon, Michael J Solomon
BACKGROUND: To undertake a comprehensive needs assessment to determine the baseline of surgical research activity at a tertiary referral hospital in Sydney, Australia. METHOD: The comprehensive needs assessment comprised three components: a retrospective audit of the hospital ethics committee records to identify surgical research activity; a survey of all 17 surgical departments about the availability of 10 potential research resources and a survey of surgical staff to ascertain perceptions of research culture at the organizational, team and individual levels...
November 23, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878928/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-for-early-oral-cancers-westmead-hospital-experience
#12
Muzib Abdul-Razak, Hsiang Chung, Eva Wong, Carsten Palme, Michael Veness, David Farlow, Hedley Coleman, Gary Morgan
BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has become an alternative option to elective neck dissection (END) for early oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) outside of Australia. We sought to assess the technical feasibility of SLNB and validate its accuracy against that of END in an Australian setting. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study consisting of 30 consecutive patients with cT1-2 N0 OCSCC referred to the Head and Neck Cancer Service, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, between 2011 and 2014...
November 23, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878921/systematic-review-of-reusable-versus-disposable-laparoscopic-instruments-costs-and-safety
#13
REVIEW
Joey Siu, Andrew G Hill, Andrew D MacCormick
BACKGROUND: The quality of instruments and surgical expertise in minimally invasive surgery has developed markedly in the last two decades. Attention is now being turned to ways to allow surgeons to adopt more cost-effective and environmental-friendly approaches. This review explores current evidence on the cost and environmental impact of reusable versus single-use instruments. In addition, we aim to compare their quality, functionality and associated clinical outcomes. METHOD: The Medline and EMBASE databases were searched for relevant literature from January 2000 to May 2015...
November 23, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878913/response-of-an-ovine-laryngeal-injury-model-to-a-novel-fibrosis-inhibitor
#14
Jacqueline Allen
BACKGROUND: Vocal fold injury results in severe voice alteration that limits occupational function and social interaction. An ovine model of laryngeal injury has been developed, validated and utilized to examine laryngeal wound healing and the effect of a novel collagen inhibitor (halofuginone) on surgical wound healing. The study design includes basic research and animal model. METHODS: An ovine laryngeal model was utilized to study controlled vocal fold injury and healing...
November 23, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871133/civilian-cerebral-gunshot-wounds-a-south-african-experience
#15
Victor Kong, Jocinta Odendaal, Benn Sartorius, Damian Clarke, Petra Brysiewicz, Ellen Jerome, John Bruce, Grant Laing
BACKGROUND: Cerebral gunshot wounds represent one of the most lethal forms of traumatic brain injury, but there is a paucity of literature on the topic, especially from the developing world. We reviewed our experience and describe the spectrum and outcome of civilian cerebral gunshot wounds in a major metropolitan trauma centre in South Africa. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all patients with isolated cerebral gunshot wounds managed by the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service over a 5-year period from 2010 to 2014...
November 21, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860147/traumatic-mid-thoracic-spondyloptosis-without-neurological-deficit-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Prashanth J Rao, Victor M Lu, Ioannis G Sergides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860242/transoral-robotic-surgery-base-of-tongue-mucosectomy-for-head-and-neck-cancer-of-unknown-primary
#17
Suren Krishnan, James Connell, Enyinnaya Ofo
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer of unknown primary (HNCUP) is a source of diagnostic uncertainty. Patients presenting with cytologically positive neck lumps without a clinically identifiable primary, require extensive investigation including imaging, tonsillectomy, panendoscopy and tissue biopsy. Treatment typically involves neck dissection, wide field radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) has emerged as an expanding surgical technique for resecting tumours of the oropharynx...
November 17, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860143/ageing-acute-surgical-population-the-auckland-experience
#18
Hannah Linkhorn, Li Hsee
BACKGROUND: This study provides data supporting the supposition that more elderly patients are requiring surgical care and illustrates the risks associated with acute surgical illness in elderly patients. METHODS: The clinical records database was accessed to identify all patients discharged from general surgery and acute surgical unit (ASU) during 2013 and 2014. These groups were stratified by age (over 80 years). Data were collected on number of patients discharged per year, length of stay, number of intensive care unit admissions and number of procedures and mortality rates...
November 15, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860126/indications-and-efficacy-of-endoscopic-vacuum-assisted-closure-therapy-for-upper-gastrointestinal-perforations
#19
Geraldine Ooi, Paul Burton, Andrew Packiyanathan, Damien Loh, Richard Chen, Kalai Shaw, Wendy Brown, Peter Nottle
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic vacuum-assisted closure (EndoVAC) therapy is a recent innovation described for use in upper gastrointestinal perforations and leaks, with reported success of 80-90%. It provides sepsis control and collapses the cavity preventing stasis, encouraging healing of the defect. Whilst promising, initial reports of this new technique have not established clear indications, feasibility and optimal technique. METHODS: We analysed all patients who underwent EndoVAC therapy between 2014 and 2016...
November 15, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862805/importance-of-guide-wire-control-during-central-venous-catheterization
#20
Jayamanee Govindasamy, Thavenesh Ramachandren, Keith Hussey, Michael Wilks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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