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Journal of Applied Measurement

Patrick U Osadebe
The study was carried out to assess the difficulty index of each item of an Economics Achievement test with the Rasch model. The infit and outfit as well as the reliability of the test were determined. Three research questions were drawn to guide the study. A sample of 200 was randomly selected using simple random sampling of balloting and proportionate stratified random sampling. The instrument of the study was an Economics Achievement Test with 100 items. The test has face and content validities. It has a reliability coefficient of 0...
2018: Journal of Applied Measurement
Beyza Aksu Dunya, Clark McKown, Everett V Smith
Social perspective-taking (SPT), which involves the ability infer others' intentions, is a consequential social cognitive process. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of a web-based social perspective-taking (SELweb SPT) assessment designed for children in kindergarten through third grade. Data were collected from two separate samples of children. The first sample included 3224 children and the second sample included 4419 children. Data were calibrated using Rasch dichotomous model (Rasch, 1960)...
2018: Journal of Applied Measurement
Courtney Donovan
Teachers are expected to use data and assessments to drive their instruction. This is accomplished at a classroom level via the assessment process. The teachers Knowledge and Use of Data and Assessment (tKUDA) measure was created to capture teachers' knowledge and use of this assessment process. This paper explores the measure's utility using Rasch analysis. Evidence of reliability and validity was seen for both knowledge and use factors. Scale was used as expected and item analyses demonstrates good spread with a few items identified for future revision...
2018: Journal of Applied Measurement
Georgios D Sideridis, Cengiz Zopluoglu
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate various analytical means to detect academic cheating in an experimental setting. The omega index was compared and contrasted given a gold criterion of academic cheating which entailed a discrepant score between two administrations using an experimental study with real test takers. Participants were 164 elementary school students who were administered a mathematics exam followed by an equivalent mock exam under conditions of strict and relaxed, invigilation, respectively...
2018: Journal of Applied Measurement
Bo Hu
In linked-chain equating, equating errors may accumulate and cause scale drift. This simulation study extends the investigation on scale drift in linked-chain equating to mixed-format test. Specifically, the impact of equating method and the characteristics of anchor test and equating chain on equating errors and scale drift in IRT true score equating is examined. To evaluate equating results, a new method is used to derive true linking coefficients. The results indicate that the characteristic curve methods produce more accurate and reliable equating results than the moment methods...
2018: Journal of Applied Measurement
W Holmes Finch, Maria Hernandez Finch, Brian F French, David E McIntosh, Lauren Moss
An important aspect of the educational and psychological evaluation of individuals is the selection of scales with appropriate evidence of reliability and validity for inferences and uses of the scores for the population of interest. One key aspect of validity is the degree to which a scale fairly assesses the construct(s) of interest for members of different subgroups within the population. Typically, this issue is addressed statistically through assessment of differential item functioning (DIF) of individual items, or differential test functioning (DTF) of sets of items within the same measure...
2018: Journal of Applied Measurement
Carolina Saskia Fellinghauer, Birgit Prodinger, Alan Tennant
Imputation becomes common practice through availability of easy-to-use algorithms and software. This study aims to determine if different imputation strategies are robust to the extent and type of missingness, local item dependencies (LID), differential item functioning (DIF), and misfit when doing a Rasch analysis. Four samples were simulated and represented a sample with good metric properties, a sample with LID, a sample with DIF, and a sample with LID and DIF. Missing values were generated with increasing proportion and were either missing at random or completely at random...
2018: Journal of Applied Measurement
Ahmad Zamri Khairani, Nor Shafrin Ahmad, Mohd Zahuri Khairani
Adolescences is an important transitional phase in human development where they experience physiological as well as psychological changes. Nevertheless, these changes are often understood by teachers, parents, and even the adolescents themselves. Thus, conflicts exist and adolescents are affected from the conflict physically and emotionally. An important state of emotions that result from this conflict is anger. This article describes the development and validation of the 34-item Adolescent Anger Inventory (AAI) to measure types of anger among Malaysian adolescents...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Snejana Slantcheva-Durst, Mingyang Liu
This article discusses the construction and validation of an instrument to gauge community college students' confidence to perform in the global marketplace. The instrument was designed to capture students' beliefs in their own abilities to successfully carry out job-related tasks in cross-cultural work environments that are globally-interconnected and constantly at flux. The instrument items emerged from a comprehensive review of literature, nationwide workforce skills initiatives, rounds of expert panel analyses, and focus groups...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Rense Lange, Cynthia Martinez-Garrido, Alexandre Ventura
Students may experience considerable fear and stress in school settings, and based on Dweck's (2006) notion of "mindset" we hypothesized that fear introduces qualitative changes in students' self-concepts. Hypotheses were tested on 3847 third-grade students from nine Iberoamerican countries (Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Spain, and Venezuela), who completed Murillo's (2007) adaptation of Marsh' (1988) SDQ-I. Rasch scaling indicated that the information-content of High-Fear students' ratings was more localized across the latent dimension than was that of Low-Fear students, and their ratings also showed less cognitive variety...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Randall E Schumacker, Cathy Ka Weng Hoi
Research has suggested that self-reported responses on surveys can be affected by a participant's tendency toward social desirability, which would prevent them from revealing their true feelings or behaviors. Researchers should provide evidence that their results have not been affected by socially desirable responses using the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MC-SDS). Past research has used the 33-item original form and 13-item short form of the MC-SDS, although a few researchers have found questionable validation of the 13 item MC-SDS in several populations...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
John T Kulas, Jeffrey A Smith, Hui Xu
Lord (1980) presented a purely conceptual equation to approximate the nonlinear functional relationship between classical test theory (CTT; aka true score theory) and item response theory (IRT) item discrimination indices. The current project proposes a modification to his equation that makes it useful in practice. The suggested modification acknowledges the more common contemporary CTT discrimination index of a corrected item-total correlation and incorporates item difficulty. We simulated slightly over 768 trillion individual item responses to uncover a best-fitting empirical function relating the IRT and CTT discrimination indices...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Kari J Hodge, Grant B Morgan
Residual-based fit statistics are commonly used as an indication of the extent to which the item response data fit the Rash model. Fit statistic estimates are influenced by sample size and rules-of thumb estimates may result in incorrect conclusions about the extent to which the model fits the data. Estimates obtained in this analysis were compared to 250 simulated data sets to examine the stability of the estimates. All INFIT estimates were within the rule-of-thumb range of 0.7 to 1.3. However, only 82% of the INFIT estimates fell within the 2...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Ida Marais, Victoria K Moir, Christopher W Lee
The Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed to measure Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMS), a construct central to Schema Therapy (ST). Traditionally YSQ items were placed in a grouped format for each schema but in recent versions of the questionnaire, items are presented in a random order. This study investigates the effect of item placement on the psychometric properties of the questionnaire. On different occasions, participants completed two versions of the YSQ short form, one with items grouped according to schemas and another where items were placed in a random order...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Chuang Wang, Dawson R Hancock, Ulrich Muller
This study examined the factorial and item-level invariance of a survey of principals' job satisfaction and perspectives about reasons and barriers to becoming a principal with a sample of US principals and another sample of German principals. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and differential item functioning (DIF) analysis were employed at the test and item level, respectively. A single group CFA was conducted first, and the model was found to fit the data collected. The factorial invariance between the German and the US principals was tested through three steps: (a) configural invariance; (b) measurement invariance; and (c) structural invariance...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Dvir Kleper, Noa Saka
The present study explored the construct validity of the Psychometric Entrance Test (PET) for higher education in Israel, as represented by the factorial structure of the scholastic aptitudes it measures, and focused on whether the test presents a single measure of overall ability or a measure of the fields of knowledge that are being tested. In Study 1, we used Exploratory Factor Analysis to generate hypotheses regarding the factorial structure of the test. In Study 2, Confirmatory Factor Analysis was carried out to compare competing models that were constructed based on theoretical considerations and the results of Study 1...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Sara M Locatelli, Lisa K Sharp, Saming T Syed, Shikhi Bhansari, Ben S Gerber
Access to reliable transportation is important for people with chronic diseases considering the need for frequent medical visits and for medications from the pharmacy. Understanding of the extent to which transportation barriers, including lack of transportation, contribute to poor health outcomes has been hindered by a lack of consistency in measuring or operationally defining "transportation barriers." The current study uses the Rasch measurement model to examine the psychometric properties of a new measure designed to capture types of transportation and associated barriers within an urban context...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Christine E DeMars
In many areas of statistics it is common practice to present both a statistical significance test and an effect size. In contrast, for the Infit and Outfit indices of item misfit, it has historically been common to focus on either the mean square (MS; an index of the magnitude of misfit) or the statistical significance, but not both. If the statistical significance and effect size are to be used together, it is important not only that the Type I error rate matches the nominal alpha level, but also that, for any given magnitude of misfit, the expected value of the MS is independent of sample size...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Jonathan D Bostic, Toni A Sondergeld, Timothy Folger, Lance Kruse
New mathematics standards were adopted broadly across the United States of America between 2011-2013. Problem solving is a central facet of these new standards. Given new standards and the prominence of mathematical problem solving, there is a need for valid and reliable assessments that measure students' abilities related to those standards. Moreover, Rasch measurement techniques support psychometric analyses during validation studies, effectively measuring students' and items' properties in ways not afforded by true score theory...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Nicole M Risk, James R Fidler
Two primary roles in the clinical laboratory are those of Medical Technologist (MT) and Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT). Job analyses, which form the foundation of test blueprints employed for credentialing practitioners, suggest a reasonable amount of overlap in the tasks performed by MTs and MLTs. However, credentialing assessments must clearly distinguish between the two roles and ensure that they address competencies appropriate to each practice designation. Differential item functioning (DIF) analysis techniques were applied to explore and differentiate the two laboratory practitioner job roles as an aspect of examination development...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
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