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Journal of Applied Measurement

Ahmad Zamri Khairani, Nor Shafrin Ahmad, Mohd Zahuri Khairani
Adolescences is an important transitional phase in human development where they experience physiological as well as psychological changes. Nevertheless, these changes are often understood by teachers, parents, and even the adolescents themselves. Thus, conflicts exist and adolescents are affected from the conflict physically and emotionally. An important state of emotions that result from this conflict is anger. This article describes the development and validation of the 34-item Adolescent Anger Inventory (AAI) to measure types of anger among Malaysian adolescents...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Snejana Slantcheva-Durst, Mingyang Liu
This article discusses the construction and validation of an instrument to gauge community college students' confidence to perform in the global marketplace. The instrument was designed to capture students' beliefs in their own abilities to successfully carry out job-related tasks in cross-cultural work environments that are globally-interconnected and constantly at flux. The instrument items emerged from a comprehensive review of literature, nationwide workforce skills initiatives, rounds of expert panel analyses, and focus groups...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Rense Lange, Cynthia Martinez-Garrido, Alexandre Ventura
Students may experience considerable fear and stress in school settings, and based on Dweck's (2006) notion of "mindset" we hypothesized that fear introduces qualitative changes in students' self-concepts. Hypotheses were tested on 3847 third-grade students from nine Iberoamerican countries (Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Spain, and Venezuela), who completed Murillo's (2007) adaptation of Marsh' (1988) SDQ-I. Rasch scaling indicated that the information-content of High-Fear students' ratings was more localized across the latent dimension than was that of Low-Fear students, and their ratings also showed less cognitive variety...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Randall E Schumacker, Cathy Ka Weng Hoi
Research has suggested that self-reported responses on surveys can be affected by a participant's tendency toward social desirability, which would prevent them from revealing their true feelings or behaviors. Researchers should provide evidence that their results have not been affected by socially desirable responses using the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MC-SDS). Past research has used the 33-item original form and 13-item short form of the MC-SDS, although a few researchers have found questionable validation of the 13 item MC-SDS in several populations...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
John T Kulas, Jeffrey A Smith, Hui Xu
Lord (1980) presented a purely conceptual equation to approximate the nonlinear functional relationship between classical test theory (CTT; aka true score theory) and item response theory (IRT) item discrimination indices. The current project proposes a modification to his equation that makes it useful in practice. The suggested modification acknowledges the more common contemporary CTT discrimination index of a corrected item-total correlation and incorporates item difficulty. We simulated slightly over 768 trillion individual item responses to uncover a best-fitting empirical function relating the IRT and CTT discrimination indices...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Kari J Hodge, Grant B Morgan
Residual-based fit statistics are commonly used as an indication of the extent to which the item response data fit the Rash model. Fit statistic estimates are influenced by sample size and rules-of thumb estimates may result in incorrect conclusions about the extent to which the model fits the data. Estimates obtained in this analysis were compared to 250 simulated data sets to examine the stability of the estimates. All INFIT estimates were within the rule-of-thumb range of 0.7 to 1.3. However, only 82% of the INFIT estimates fell within the 2...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Ida Marais, Victoria K Moir, Christopher W Lee
The Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed to measure Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMS), a construct central to Schema Therapy (ST). Traditionally YSQ items were placed in a grouped format for each schema but in recent versions of the questionnaire, items are presented in a random order. This study investigates the effect of item placement on the psychometric properties of the questionnaire. On different occasions, participants completed two versions of the YSQ short form, one with items grouped according to schemas and another where items were placed in a random order...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Chuang Wang, Dawson R Hancock, Ulrich Muller
This study examined the factorial and item-level invariance of a survey of principals' job satisfaction and perspectives about reasons and barriers to becoming a principal with a sample of US principals and another sample of German principals. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and differential item functioning (DIF) analysis were employed at the test and item level, respectively. A single group CFA was conducted first, and the model was found to fit the data collected. The factorial invariance between the German and the US principals was tested through three steps: (a) configural invariance; (b) measurement invariance; and (c) structural invariance...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Dvir Kleper, Noa Saka
The present study explored the construct validity of the Psychometric Entrance Test (PET) for higher education in Israel, as represented by the factorial structure of the scholastic aptitudes it measures, and focused on whether the test presents a single measure of overall ability or a measure of the fields of knowledge that are being tested. In Study 1, we used Exploratory Factor Analysis to generate hypotheses regarding the factorial structure of the test. In Study 2, Confirmatory Factor Analysis was carried out to compare competing models that were constructed based on theoretical considerations and the results of Study 1...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Sara M Locatelli, Lisa K Sharp, Saming T Syed, Shikhi Bhansari, Ben S Gerber
Access to reliable transportation is important for people with chronic diseases considering the need for frequent medical visits and for medications from the pharmacy. Understanding of the extent to which transportation barriers, including lack of transportation, contribute to poor health outcomes has been hindered by a lack of consistency in measuring or operationally defining "transportation barriers." The current study uses the Rasch measurement model to examine the psychometric properties of a new measure designed to capture types of transportation and associated barriers within an urban context...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Christine E DeMars
In many areas of statistics it is common practice to present both a statistical significance test and an effect size. In contrast, for the Infit and Outfit indices of item misfit, it has historically been common to focus on either the mean square (MS; an index of the magnitude of misfit) or the statistical significance, but not both. If the statistical significance and effect size are to be used together, it is important not only that the Type I error rate matches the nominal alpha level, but also that, for any given magnitude of misfit, the expected value of the MS is independent of sample size...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Jonathan D Bostic, Toni A Sondergeld, Timothy Folger, Lance Kruse
New mathematics standards were adopted broadly across the United States of America between 2011-2013. Problem solving is a central facet of these new standards. Given new standards and the prominence of mathematical problem solving, there is a need for valid and reliable assessments that measure students' abilities related to those standards. Moreover, Rasch measurement techniques support psychometric analyses during validation studies, effectively measuring students' and items' properties in ways not afforded by true score theory...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Nicole M Risk, James R Fidler
Two primary roles in the clinical laboratory are those of Medical Technologist (MT) and Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT). Job analyses, which form the foundation of test blueprints employed for credentialing practitioners, suggest a reasonable amount of overlap in the tasks performed by MTs and MLTs. However, credentialing assessments must clearly distinguish between the two roles and ensure that they address competencies appropriate to each practice designation. Differential item functioning (DIF) analysis techniques were applied to explore and differentiate the two laboratory practitioner job roles as an aspect of examination development...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
John Ehrich, Angela Mornane, Tim Powern
Resilience is the personality trait of having positive dispositions which enable individuals to cope with stressful situations. Hence, a reliable resilience scale can provide useful information on understanding and treating individuals suffering from stress and trauma. The 10-item Connor-Davidson Resiliance Scale (CD-RISC-10) is a candidate scale. However, very little psychometric research has been conducted on this scale and, moreover, psychometric analyses to date have not been conclusive. To attain further evidence of the scale's psychometric properties, we tested the CD-RISC-10 on 288 adult Education major students at an Australian University using both traditional (factor analyses) and modern (Rasch) measurement approaches...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Stefanie A Wind, Meltem Alemdar, Jeremy A Lingle, Jessica D Gale, Roxanne A Moore
Recent reforms in science education worldwide include an emphasis on engineering design as a key component of student proficiency in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics disciplines. However, relatively little attention has been directed to the development of psychometrically sound assessments for engineering. This study demonstrates the use of mixed methods to guide the development and revision of K-12 Engineering Design Process (EDP) assessment items. Using results from a middle-school EDP assessment, this study illustrates the combination of quantitative and qualitative techniques to inform item development and revisions...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Angela Robertson, David T Morse, Kristina Hood, Courtney Walker
Ample evidence exists in support of the influence of media, both traditional and electronic, on perceptions and engagement with alcohol marketing. We describe the development, calibration, and evidence for technical quality and utility for a new measure, the Alcohol Marketing Engagement Scale. Using two samples of college undergraduates (n1 = 199, n2 = 732), we collected field test responses to a total of 13 items. Initial support for scale validity is presented via correlations with attributes previously shown to be related to alcohol engagement...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Kristin L K Koskey, Renee R Mudrey, Wondimu Ahmed
The purpose of this research was to estimate the reliability of the scores produced from and validity of the inferences drawn from the revised 90-item Teachers' Emotion Questionnaire consisting of three measures: frequency of emotional expressivity, self-efficacy for regulation of emotional expressivity when teaching, and self-efficacy for regulation of context-specific emotional expressivity. A void exists in an instrument assessing teachers' regulation and communication of their emotions. One-hundred seventeen practicing teachers participated in this study at Time 1 and 46 at Time 2...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Jeremy Kyle Jennings, George Engelhard
This study describes an approach for examining model-data fit for the dichotomous Rasch model using Tukey-Hann item response functions (TH-IRFs). The procedure proposed in this paper is based on an iterative version of a smoothing technique proposed by Tukey (1977) for estimating nonparametric item response functions (IRFs). A root integrated squared error (RISE) statistic (Douglas and Cohen, 2001) is used to compare the TH-IRFs to the Rasch IRFs. Data from undergraduate students at a large university are used to demonstrate this iterative smoothing technique...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Adam E Wyse
Scale anchoring is a method to provide additional meaning to particular scores at different points along a score scale by identifying representative items associated with the particular scores. These items are then analyzed to write statements of what types of performance can be expected of a person with the particular scores to help test takers and other stakeholders better understand what it means to achieve the different scores. This article provides simple formulas that can be used to identify possible items to serve as scale anchors with the Rasch model...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
Christophe Chenier, Gilles Raiche, Nadine Talbot, Bianca Carignan, Celine Gelinas
Patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU) are often unable to report their pain, which is a problem since untreated pain is associated with negative health outcomes. The use of behavioral pain scales are recommended for the detection of the presence of pain in this vulnerable population. Previous validation studies have used classical techniques, and several psychometrics properties remain unknown. In this paper, data obtained from a behavioral checklist of dichotomized items was utilized to evaluate the instrument's dimensionality, its construct validity and its capacity to distinguish between levels of pain by using Rasch measurement...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
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