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Journal of Applied Measurement

Nikhila Menon
Mobility or freedom and ability to move is gendered in many cultural contexts. In this paper I analyse mobility associated with work from the capability approach perspective of Sen. This is an empirical paper which uses the Rasch Rating Scale Model (RSM) to construct the measure of mobility of women for the first time in the development studies discourse. I construct a measure of mobility (latent trait) of women workers engaged in two types of informal work, namely, peeling work and fish vending, in fisheries in the cultural context of India...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
James J Thompson
Summative didactic evaluation often involves multiple choice questions which are then aggregated into exam scores, course scores, and cumulative grade point averages. To be valid, each of these levels should have some relationship to the topic tested (dimensionality) and be sufficiently reproducible between persons (reliability) to justify student ranking. Evaluation of dimensionality is difficult and is complicated by the classic observation that didactic performance involves a generalized component (g) in addition to subtest specific factors...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
Hirotaka Fukuhara, Insu Paek
This study explored the utility of logistic mixed models for the analysis of differential item functioning when item response data were testlet-based. Decomposition of differential item functioning (DIF) into item level and testlet level for the testlet-based data was introduced to separate possible sources of DIF: (1) an item, (2) a testlet, and (3) both the item and the testlet. Simulation study was conducted to investigate the performance of several logistic mixed models as well as the Mantel-Haenszel method under the conditions, in which the item-related DIF and testlet-related DIF were present simultaneously...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
Nicole Risk
This study looked at numerous aspects of item parameter drift (IPD) and its impact on measurement in computer adaptive testing (CAT). A series of CAT simulations were conducted, varying the amount and magnitude of IPD, as well as the size of the item pool. The effects of IPD on measurement precision, classification, and test efficiency, were evaluated using a number of criteria. These included bias, root mean square error (RMSE), absolute average difference (AAD), total percentages of misclassifcation, the number of false positives and false negatives, the total test lengths, and item exposure rates...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
Susan-Marie E Harding, Patrick E Griffin
This paper describes an approach to the assessment of human to human collaborative problem solving using a set of online interactive tasks completed by student dyads. Within the dyad, roles were nominated as either A or B and students selected their own roles. The question as to whether role selection affected individual student performance measures is addressed. Process stream data was captured from 3402 students in six countries who explored the problem space by clicking, dragging the mouse, moving the cursor and collaborating with their partner through a chat box window...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
Sarah L Thomas, Karen M Schmidt, Monica K Erbacher, Cindy S Bergeman
The authors investigated the effect of missing completely at random (MCAR) item responses on partial credit model (PCM) parameter estimates in a longitudinal study of Positive Affect. Participants were 307 adults from the older cohort of the Notre Dame Study of Health and Well-Being (Bergeman and Deboeck, 2014) who completed questionnaires including Positive Affect items for 56 days. Additional missing responses were introduced to the data, randomly replacing 20%, 50%, and 70% of the responses on each item and each day with missing values, in addition to the existing missing data...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
Michael Peabody, Kelly D Bradley, Melba Custer
Satisfied patients are more likely to be compliant, have better outcomes, and are more likely to return to the same provider or institution for future care. The Satisfaction with a Continuum of Care survey (SCC) was designed to improve patient care using measures of patient satisfaction and facilitate a cultural shift from a "silos-of-care" to a "continuum-of-care" mentality by fostering inter-departmental communication as patients moved between environments of care at a Midwestern rehabilitation hospital. This study provides a Rasch measurement framework for investigating issues related to survey reliability and validity...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
Patrick C Hardigan, Stanley R Cohen, Kathleen P Hagen
Margin is a function of the relationship of stress to strength. The greater the margin, the more likely students are able to successfully navigate academic structures. This study examined the psychometric properties of a newly created instrument designed to measure margin - the Power-Load-Margin Inventory (PLMI). The PLMI was created using eight domains: (A) Student's aptitude and ability, (B) Course structure, (C) External motivation, (D) Student health, (E) Instructor style, (F) Internal motivation, (G) Life opportunities, and (H) University support structure...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
Takuya Yanagida, Klaus D Kubinger, Dieter Rasch
Though calibration of an achievement test within a psychological and educational context is very often carried out by the Rasch model, data sampling is hardly designed according to statistical foundations. However, Kubinger, Rasch, and Yanagida (2009, 2011) suggested an approach for the determination of sample size according to a given Type-I and Type-II risk and a certain effect of model contradiction when testing the Rasch model. The approach uses a three-way analysis of variance design with mixed classification...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
Gavin W Fulmer, Quek Choon Lang
This study investigated the perceptions of 1235 students of their form teachers' interpersonal behaviors across 40 classrooms in 24 Singaporean secondary schools. The 32-item Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI) survey was administered to obtain the initial quantitative data of teacher behaviors perceived by the students in these classrooms. The eight scales of QTI are: Leadership, Helping/Friendly, Understanding, Student Responsibility/ Freedom, Uncertain, Dissatisfied, Admonishing, and Strict. The Rasch measurement model was used to estimate students' traits with respect to each subscale, and then to examine its proposed multidimensional structure...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
Mary Garner, Julie Kokan, Kathy Annis, Mark Baker, Maggie Phillips, Catherine Head, Doug Hearrington, Daniel Yanosky, Marie Holbein
Research in teacher self-efficacy has a long history that can be traced back to Bandura (1986) and has been shown to be linked to teacher performance. This article presents evidence for teacher self-efficacy in urban schools, a construct that is separate from but related to the more general construct of teacher self-efficacy. An instrument was developed and validated by a team of university faculty, urban teachers, and school administrators. The Teachers' Sense of Efficacy in Urban Schools (SEUS) is a 15-item instrument designed to address factors that are important for success in teaching in an urban environment, including working effectively with English language learners, students with disabilities, economically disadvantaged students, cultural diversity, literacy, technology, differentiation, and assessment data...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
Magdalena Mo Ching Mok, Ming Kai Chin, Shihui Chen, Arunas Emeljanovas, Brigita Mieziene, Michal Bronikowski, Ida Laudanska-Krzeminska, Ivana Milanovic, Milan Pasic, Govindasamy Balasekaran, Kia Wang Phua, Daga Makaza
This article describes the development and validation of the Attitudes toward Physical Activity Scale (APAS) to measure the attitudes, beliefs, and self-efficacy toward physical activity by children at the primary school level. The framework included: physical fitness, self-efficacy, personal best goal orientation in physical activity, interest in physical activity, importance of physical activity, benefits of physical activity, contributions of video exercise to learning in school subjects, contributions of video exercise to learning about health and environmental support...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
Helyn Kim, Karen M Schmidt, William M Murrah, Claire E Cameron, David Grissmer
Effectively assessing children's academic development can help school professionals make placement decisions and prepare appropriate instructional supports. The KeyMath-3 Diagnostic Assessment (Connolly, 2008) is a widely used assessment of children's mathematical abilities; however, despite much use, the measurement properties of the KeyMath-3 DA have not been examined, aside from the development and standardization phases. The current study conducted a Rasch analysis of the Basic Concepts content area of the KeyMath-3 DA in a diverse sample of 308 young children to assess the quality of the assessment...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
Jon-Paul Paolino
In this paper we investigate the novel method, penalized joint maximum likelihood estimation (PJMLE), for estimating the parameters of the Rasch model (Rasch, 1960). Here we use joint maximum likelihood estimation (JMLE) along with elastic net penalization using the glmnet package (Friedman, Hastie, and Tibshirani, 2010) in R to obtain estimates for item difficulties and examinee abilities. Through simulation we compared the accuracy of PJMLE to conditional maximum likelihood estimation (CMLE), marginal maximum likelihood estimation (MMLE), and marginal Bayes modal estimation (MBME)...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
Eivind Kaspersen
Differences between working conceptually and procedurally with mathematics are well documented. In short, working procedurally can be characterized as learning and applying rules without reason. Working conceptually, in contrast, means creating and applying a web of knowledge. To continue this line of research, an instrument that is able to measure the level of conceptual work, and that is based on the basic requirements of measurement, is desireable. As such, this paper presents a Rasch calibrated instrument that measures the extent to which students work conceptually with mathematics...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
Bruce Friedman, Yanen Li
Our study objectives were to examine the accuracy of individual activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental ADLs (IADLs) for disability measurement, and determine whether dependence or difficulty is more useful for disability measurement. We analyzed data from 499 patients with 2+ ADLs or 3+ IADLs who participated in a home visiting nurse intervention study, and whose function had been assessed at study baseline and 22 months. Rasch analysis was used to evaluate accuracy of 24 individual ADL and IADL items...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
Xiao Luo, John T Willse
In practice, there is a growing need of reporting both overall score for the ranking/decision-making purpose and subscores for the diagnostic purpose. The Rasch model with subdimensions (RMS) was employed in this study to address this problem. A joint maximum likelihood estimation (JMLE) procedure was proposed to obtain computationally efficient estimation for this model. A simulation study was conducted to investigate the properties of this model with the JMLE procedure in conditions with varying sample size, test lengths and subdimension loading structure...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
Patrick Charles, Michelle Belisle, Kevin Tonita, Julie Smith
Help Me Tell My Story (HMTMS) is an assessment tool that uses a holistic approach and an electronic application to measure the oral language development of pre-kindergarten and kindergarten children. It includes access to an online portal that provides meaningful information to caregivers, educators and administrators. This study examines the psychometric properties of one of the five questionnaires included in the HMTMS assessment, which explores the ability of children to talk to family members, friends and teachers...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
Mohand-Larbi Feddag, Myriam Blanchin, Véronique Sébille, Jean-Benoit Hardouin
Measurement specialists routinely assume examinee responses to test are independent of one another. However, previous research has shown that many tests contain item dependencies, and not accounting for these dependencies leads to misleading estimates of item and person parameters. In this paper, the marginal maximum likelihood estimation in Rasch model with the violation of the local independence is studied. The power of the Wald test on a group effect parameter on the latent traits in cross-sectional studies is examined under the local independence and the local item dependence assumptions...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
Micela Leis, Karen M Schmidt, Sara E Rimm-Kaufman
The Student Engagement in Mathematics Scale (SEMS) is a self-report measure that was created to assess three dimensions of student engagement (social, emotional, and cognitive) in mathematics based on a single day of class. In the current study, the SEMS was administered to a sample of 360 fifth graders from a large Mid-Atlantic district. The Rasch partial credit model (PCM) was used to analyze the psychometric properties of each sub-dimension of the SEMS. Misfitting items were removed from the final analysis...
2015: Journal of Applied Measurement
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