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Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924403/the-bigger-picture-picking-the-right-soap-box-is-it-possible-to-connect-with-different-audience-targets-practitioners-and-patients-from-the-same-platform
#1
REVIEW
Mohammed Ali A Abbass, Hari B Keshava, Conor P Delaney
The use of Internet and social media has skyrocketed in the past decade. It did not take long until physicians realized that they could use social media as a tool for communication with patients and colleagues. Since then use of social media has exploded and the information that has become available for physicians and their patients is remarkable. In addition, because of the immediacy of the platform, messages that are incorrect or not desired can be rapidly promoted, whether deliberately or accidentally. To obtain the best use of social media, the right platform should be chosen, and this varies depending on the group one is trying to reach, and the message or visibility desired...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924402/breaking-international-barriers-colorectalsurgery-is-globalsurgery
#2
REVIEW
Julio Mayol, Jaime Otero
Colorectal surgeons have lagged behind other professionals in the use of social media. Currently, Twitter is the most widely utilized social platform for professional purposes among them. Connection and contagion are the two key actions that, together with immediate feedback and quantifiable impact, favor the use of Twitter over other social networks. In early 2016, a group of colorectal surgeons launched the #colorectalsurgery hashtag and, in less than 1 year, the ecosystem has incorporated over 2,600 users that generated over 24,000 tweets and 100 million impressions...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924401/the-trump-effect-with-no-peer-review-how-do-we-know-what-to-really-believe-on-social-media
#3
REVIEW
Justin T Brady, Molly E Kelly, Sharon L Stein
Social media is a source of news and information for an increasing portion of the general public and physicians. The recent political election was a vivid example of how social media can be used for the rapid spread of "fake news" and that posts on social media are not subject to fact-checking or editorial review. The medical field is susceptible to propagation of misinformation, with poor differentiation between authenticated and erroneous information. Due to the presence of social "bubbles," surgeons may not be aware of the misinformation that patients are reading, and thus, it may be difficult to counteract the false information that is seen by the general public...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924400/how-can-social-media-get-us-in-trouble
#4
REVIEW
Sean J Langenfeld, Rishi Batra
When utilized properly, social media offers several personal and professional benefits for the practicing surgeon, including peer networking, education, e-mentorship, marketing, recruitment, and patient outreach. However, unprofessional online behavior is common among surgeons, and this improper use of social media can be quite dangerous. This article reviews the dangers of social media and illustrates this with examples of unprofessional behavior and the associated consequences. It also provides recommendations for maintaining a professional and productive online persona...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924399/changing-the-rules-of-the-game-how-do-we-measure-success-in-social-media
#5
REVIEW
Aisling M Hogan, Desmond C Winter
Ours will be the generation proud to say we shifted the sands of educational deserts by open access and proliferation, seeding of data sharing, and watering grassroots research in resource-compromised environments. Universal "social" media is defining features of modern professional life that provide powerful modes of knowledge acquisition/sharing to that end. Altmetric and other measurements stratify academic communications according to this alternate, online media presence (not academic penetrance). Are they meaningless, self-absorbed integers, or reliable yardsticks of scientific and educational prowess? Far beyond this trite, patronizing question from the minds of outdated, terrified technophobes, the real impact of "social" media is not narcissistic solipsism...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924398/what-does-the-future-hold-for-scientific-journals-visual-abstracts-and-other-tools-for-communicating-research
#6
REVIEW
Vahagn C Nikolian, Andrew M Ibrahim
Journals fill several important roles within academic medicine, including building knowledge, validating quality of methods, and communicating research. This section provides an overview of these roles and highlights innovative approaches journals have taken to enhance dissemination of research. As journals move away from print formats and embrace web-based content, design-centered thinking will allow for engagement of a larger audience. Examples of recent efforts in this realm are provided, as well as simplified strategies for developing visual abstracts to improve dissemination via social media...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924397/social-media-changing-the-paradigm-for-surgical-education
#7
REVIEW
Andrea M Petrucci, Manish Chand, Steven D Wexner
The role of social media (SoMe) in surgical education is emerging as a tool that augments and complements traditional learning. As SoMe usage has steadily increased in our personal and professional lives, it is no surprise that it has permeated into surgical education. Different SoMe sites offer distinct platforms from which knowledge can be transmitted, while catering to various learning styles. The purpose of this review is to outline the various SoMe platforms and their use in surgical education. Moreover, it will discuss their effectiveness in teaching and learning surgical knowledge and skills as well as other potential roles SoMe has to offer to improve surgical education...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924396/how-does-information-spread-on-social-media-lead-to-effective-change
#8
REVIEW
Thomas K Varghese
Social media encompasses computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks. The key, of course, is the ability and willingness for information to be shared. But why does some information spread on social media and not others? What factors translate social media awareness to action? In this article, we explore these themes using case studies, as well as tips on how you can utilize social media to effectively champion a cause...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924395/history-of-social-media-in-surgery
#9
REVIEW
Heather J Logghe, Cedrek L McFadden, Natalie J Tully, Christian Jones
In many ways, the history of surgeons on Twitter echoes the initial resistance and ultimate mass adoption of laparoscopic surgery that led to the field of minimally invasive surgery. At its inception, social media was similarly met with skepticism and concerns of threats to professionalism. Despite these concerns, numerous surgeons and other physicians pioneered the use of social media to establish a virtual medical community and share scientific knowledge regarding a variety of topics including medical conferences, journal publications, and more...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924394/getting-started-a-social-media-primer
#10
REVIEW
Dalya M Ferguson, Lillian S Kao
Social media use has increased both in the general public and in the surgical profession. A variety of social media platforms have been used, with Twitter being one of the most common and interactive platforms. Common uses by surgeons and scientists for social media include dissemination of information, information exchange, education, research recruitment, community consultation for clinical trials, and hospital or surgeon ratings. As social media use increases, a new language as well as metrics has been developed to track impact and reach of research incorporating social media platforms...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924393/guest-editor-s-comment-some
#11
Kyle G Cologne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924392/kyle-g-cologne-md-facs-fascrs
#12
Scott R Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684940/management-of-intestinal-failure-the-high-output-enterostomy-and-enterocutaneous-fistula
#13
REVIEW
Franklin Adaba, Carolynne J Vaizey, Janindra Warusavitarne
This article provides an overview of the pathophysiology, causes, investigations, and management of high-output enterostomy and enterocutaneous fistula. High-output stoma and enterocutaneous fistula can result in intestinal failure and this is often fatal if not managed properly. The management involves reducing fluid losses, providing nutrients with fluids, and treating the underlying cause and sepsis. A multidisciplinary approach is required for successful management of patients with high-output enterostomy and enterocutaneous fistula...
July 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684939/use-of-bowel-in-reconstructive-urology-what-a-colorectal-surgeon-should-know
#14
REVIEW
Christopher D Morrison, Stephanie J Kielb
Urologists routinely use bowel in the reconstruction of the urinary tract. With an increasing prevalence of urinary diversions, it is important for surgeons to have a basic understanding of varied use and configuration of bowel segments in urinary tract reconstruction that may be encountered during abdominal surgery. The aim of this review article is to provide an overview of the various reconstructive urological surgeries requiring bowel and to guide physicians on how to manage these patients with urinary diversions...
July 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684938/sexual-dysfunction-and-intimacy-for-ostomates
#15
REVIEW
Jeffrey A Albaugh, Sandi Tenfelde, Dana M Hayden
Sex and intimacy presents special challenges for the ostomate. Since some colorectal surgery patients will require either temporary or permanent stomas, intimacy and sexuality is a common issue for ostomates. In addition to the stoma, nerve damage, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are often used in conjunction with stoma creation for cancer patients, thereby adding physiological dysfunction to the personal psychological impact of the stoma, leading to sexual dysfunction. The purpose of this paper is to describe the prevalence, etiology, and the most common types of sexual dysfunction in men and women after colorectal surgery and particularly those patients with stomas...
July 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684937/stoma-complications
#16
REVIEW
Devi Mukkai Krishnamurty, Jeffrey Blatnik, Matthew Mutch
When created properly, an ileostomy or colostomy can dramatically improve a patient's quality of life. Conversely, when a patient develops complications related to their stoma, the impact on physical and mental health can be profound. Unfortunately, significant morbidity is associated with stoma creation conveying high rates of both early and late-term complications. Early complications include stomal ischemia/necrosis, retraction, mucocutaneous separation, and parastomal abscess. Late complications include parastomal hernia, prolapse, retraction, and varices...
July 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684936/intestinal-stomas-postoperative-stoma-care-and-peristomal-skin-complications
#17
REVIEW
Emily Steinhagen, Janice Colwell, Lisa M Cannon
Intestinal stomas are necessary for several colon and rectal conditions and represent a major change in the new ostomate's daily life. Though dehydration is the most frequent etiology requiring readmission, irritant contact dermatitis and a host of other peristomal skin conditions are more common complications for ostomates. Wound, ostomy, and continence nurses are invaluable resources to both ostomy patients and providers. A few simple interventions can prevent or resolve most common peristomal complications...
July 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684935/the-role-of-temporary-fecal-diversion
#18
REVIEW
Amy L Lightner, John H Pemberton
The use of temporary fecal diversion is of great importance to tenuous anastomosis, immunosuppressed patient, or actively infected patient. Its use protects newly constructed intestinal anastomoses from being the culprit of pelvic sepsis or systemic illness. Thus, potential morbidity and mortality can be averted. However, its appropriate or optimal use is often debated. We herein discuss the evidence for when to best use a diverting stoma for colorectal, coloanal, and ileoanal anastomoses. We also discuss the importance of considering a temporary diverting stoma in the setting of high-dose immunosuppression (e...
July 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684934/considerations-in-stoma-reversal
#19
REVIEW
Karen L Sherman, Steven D Wexner
Temporary stomas are frequently used in the management of diverticulitis, colorectal cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease. These temporary stomas are used to try to mitigate septic complications from anastomotic leaks and to avoid the need for reoperation. Once acute medical conditions have improved and after the anastomosis has been proven to be healed, stomas can be reversed. Contrast enemas, digital rectal examination, and endoscopic evaluation are used to evaluate the anastomosis prior to reversal. Stoma reversal is associated with complications including anastomotic leak, postoperative ileus, bowel obstruction, enterocutaneous fistula, and, most commonly, surgical site infection...
July 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684933/technical-considerations-in-stoma-creation
#20
REVIEW
Alia Whitehead, Peter A Cataldo
Creating an intestinal stoma is commonly the final aspect of an often emergent and complicated operation under difficult circumstances. While creation of a protruding, tension-free, and well-vascularized stoma is often straightforward, one must be prepared for challenging situations such as a thick abdominal wall and short, thickened mesentery. A successful stoma starts with attentive preoperative planning including site marking, thoughtful consideration of alternatives, and attention to technical detail. The tips provided in this article should facilitate the process of selecting the appropriate intestinal segment, identifying the correct stoma site, and creating a functional stoma even in the most challenging situations...
July 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
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