journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144215/functional-disorders-slow-transit-constipation
#1
REVIEW
John Tillou, Vitaliy Poylin
Constipation is a very common complaint, with slow-transit constipation (STC) accounting for a significant proportion of cases. Old age, female gender, psychiatric illness, and history of sexual abuse are all associated with STC. The exact cause of STC remains elusive; however, multiple immune and cellular changes have been demonstrated. Diagnosis requires evidence of slowed colonic transit which may be achieved via numerous modalities. While a variety of medical therapies exist, these are often met with limited success and a minority of patients ultimately require operative intervention...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144214/functional-disorders-rectocele
#2
REVIEW
W Conan Mustain
Rectoceles are a very common finding in patients, and symptoms most commonly include pelvic pain, pressure, or difficulty with passing stool. However, there are often other associated pelvic floor disorders that accompany rectoceles, making the clinical significance of it in an individual patient often hard to determine. When evaluating a patient with a rectocele, a thorough history and physical exam must be conducted to help delineate other causes of these symptoms. Treatment consists of addressing other defecatory disorders through various methods, with surgery reserved for select cases in which obstructed defecation is well documented...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144213/abdominal-approaches-to-rectal-prolapse
#3
REVIEW
Kyla Joubert, Jonathan A Laryea
Rectal prolapse is a debilitating condition with a complex etiology. Symptoms are most commonly prolapse of the rectum and pain with bowel movements or straining, with worsening fecal incontinence over time due to progressive stretching of the anal sphincters. Physical findings are fairly consistent from patient to patient-most notably diastasis of the levator ani muscles, deep pouch of Douglas, redundant sigmoid colon, a mobile mesorectum, and occasionally a solitary rectal ulcer. Evaluation includes a physical exam or imaging demonstrating the prolapse, and evaluating for other causes of pelvic floor dysfunction...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144212/methods-of-evaluation-of-anorectal-causes-of-obstructed-defecation
#4
REVIEW
Anne C Fabrizio, Yewande Alimi, Anjali S Kumar
Obstructed defecation is a complex disorder that results in impaired propagation of stool from the rectum. It is one of the major subtypes of functional constipation and can be secondary to either functional or anatomic etiologies. Patients with obstructed defecation typically present with symptoms of abdominal discomfort, a sensation of incomplete evacuation and rectal obstruction, passage of hard stools, the need for rectal or vaginal digitation, excessive straining, and reduced stool frequency. Evaluation of obstructed defecation is multimodal, starting with a thorough history and physical examination with focus on the abdominal, perineal, and rectal examination...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144211/volvulus-of-the-small-bowel-and-colon
#5
REVIEW
Muneera R Kapadia
Volvulus of the intestines may involve either the small bowel or colon. In the pediatric population, small bowel volvulus is more common, while in the adult population, colonic volvulus is more often seen. The two most common types of colonic volvulus include sigmoid and cecal volvulus. Prompt diagnosis and treatment is imperative, otherwise bowel ischemia may ensue. Treatment often involves emergent surgical exploration and bowel resection.
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144210/intestinal-intussusception-etiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Priscilla Marsicovetere, S Joga Ivatury, Brent White, Stefan D Holubar
Intussusception is defined as the invagination of one segment of the bowel into an immediately adjacent segment of the bowel. Idiopathic ileocolic intussusception is the most common form in children and is typically managed with nonoperative reduction via pneumatic and/or hydrostatic enemas. In the adult population, intussusception is uncommon and occurs more often in the small intestine than in the colon. It is associated with lead point pathology in most symptomatic cases presenting as bowel obstruction. When lead point pathology is present in adult small bowel intussusception, it is usually benign, though when malignant it is most frequently due to diffuse metastatic disease, for example, melanoma...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144209/functional-disorders-of-constipation-paradoxical-puborectalis-contraction-and-increased-perineal-descent
#7
REVIEW
Isaac Payne, Leander M Grimm
Paradoxical puborectalis contraction (PPC) and increased perineal descent (IPD) are subclasses of obstructive defecation. Often these conditions coexist, which can make the evaluation, workup, and treatment difficult. After a thorough history and examination, workup begins with utilization of proven diagnostic modalities such as cinedefecography and anal manometry. Advancements in technology have increased the surgeon's diagnostic armamentarium. Biofeedback and pelvic floor therapy have proven efficacy for both conditions as first-line treatment...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144208/evaluation-diagnosis-and-medical-management-of-rectal-prolapse
#8
REVIEW
Jamie A Cannon
Full-thickness rectal prolapse, or procidentia, is the passage of the full-thickness wall of the rectum beyond the anal sphincters. This condition results in pain and fecal incontinence which greatly impairs the quality of life of those afflicted. It is associated with several anatomic abnormalities, including decreased anal sphincter tone, levator muscle diastasis, and a deep anterior cul-de-sac. The diagnosis of rectal prolapse is made based on physical examination, although several other modalities are used to provide additional information about the patients' condition...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144207/perineal-approaches-to-rectal-prolapse
#9
REVIEW
Louis R Barfield
Full-thickness rectal prolapse is a painful and debilitating condition that often responds well to surgical intervention. The best method of surgical repair is a matter of debate. Historically, perineal approaches have been thought to have inferior outcomes and were therefore reserved for elderly and unfit patients. Despite recent data calling that into question, perineal approaches are still commonly performed and have their role. We present risks and benefits along with a description of perineal approaches for surgical treatment of rectal prolapse...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144206/functional-disorders-rectoanal-intussusception
#10
REVIEW
Kristen Blaker, Joselin L Anandam
Rectoanal intussusception is an invagination of the rectal wall into the lumen of the rectum. Patients may present with constipation, incomplete evacuation, incontinence, or may be asymptomatic. Defecography has been the gold standard for detection. Magnetic resonance imaging defecography and dynamic anal endosonography are alternatives to conventional defecography. However, both methods are not as sensitive as conventional defecography. Treatment options range from conservative/medical treatment such as biofeedback to surgical procedures such as Delorme, rectopexy, and stapled transanal rectal resection...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144205/approaches-and-treatment-of-intussusception-volvulus-rectal-prolapse-and-functional-disorders-of-the-colon-rectum-and-anus
#11
Jason S Mizell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144204/jason-s-mizell-md-facs-fascrs
#12
Scott R Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582655/parastomal-hernia-avoidance-and-treatment-in-the-21st-century
#13
Sean C Glasgow, Sekhar Dharmarajan
Despite medical and surgical advances leading to increased ability to restore or preserve gastrointestinal continuity, creation of stomas remains a common surgical procedure. Every ostomy results in a risk for subsequent parastomal herniation, which in turn may reduce quality of life and increase health care expenditures. Recent evidence-supported practices such as utilization of prophylactic reinforcement, attention to stoma placement, and laparoscopic-based stoma repairs with mesh provide opportunities to both prevent and successfully treat parastomal hernias...
September 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582654/optimizing-treatment-for-rectal-prolapse
#14
Jennifer Hrabe, Brooke Gurland
Rectal prolapse is associated with debilitating symptoms and leads to both functional impairment and anatomic distortion. Symptoms include rectal bulge, mucous drainage, bleeding, incontinence, constipation, tenesmus, as well as discomfort, pressure, and pain. The only cure is surgical. The optimal surgical repair is not yet defined though laparoscopic rectopexy with mesh is emerging as a more durable approach. The chosen approach should be individually tailored, taking into account factors such as presence of pelvic floor defects and coexistence of vaginal prolapse, severe constipation, surgical fitness, and whether the patient has had a previous prolapse procedure...
September 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582653/fecal-incontinence-epidemiology-impact-and-treatment
#15
Katarzyna Bochenska, Anne-Marie Boller
Fecal incontinence (FI) is a chronic and debilitating condition that carries a significant health, economic, and social burden. FI has a considerable psychosocial and financial impact on patients and their families. A variety of treatment modalities are available for FI including behavioral and dietary modifications, pharmacotherapy, pelvic floor physical therapy, bulking agents, anal sphincteroplasty, sacral nerve stimulation, artificial sphincters, magnetic sphincters, posterior anal sling, and colostomy.
September 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582652/epidemiologic-analysis-of-diverticulitis
#16
Marie D Jena, Peter W Marcello, Patricia L Roberts, Thomas E Read, David J Schoetz, Jason F Hall, Todd Francone, Rocco Ricciardi
The aim of this article is to evaluate geographic variation in the incidence of diverticulitis and examine behavioral and environmental factors associated with high rates of diverticulitis across the United States. We used state hospital discharge data from 20 states to determine rates of inpatient diverticulitis from January 2002 to December 2004 at patient's county of residence. Next, we merged the county level data with behavioral and environmental survey data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)...
September 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582651/gut-microbiota-and-colorectal-surgery-impact-on-postoperative-complications
#17
REVIEW
Andrew J Russ, Mark A Casillas
Colorectal anastomotic leakage is a dreaded complication after colorectal surgery and causes high morbidity and mortality. The pathophysiology of anastomotic healing remains unclear despite numerous studies. In this article, our aim is to provide different perspectives on what is known about the role of the gastrointestinal tract microbiome and its relation to anastomotic integrity.
September 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582650/postoperative-complications-looking-forward-to-a-safer-future
#18
REVIEW
Sarah E Tevis, Gregory D Kennedy
Colorectal surgery patients frequently suffer from postoperative complications. Patients with complications have been shown to be at higher risk for mortality, poor oncologic outcomes, additional complications, and worse quality of life. Complications are increasingly recognized as markers of quality of care with more use of risk-adjusted national surgical databases and increasing transparency in health care. Quality improvement work in colorectal surgery has identified methods to decrease complication rates and improve outcomes in this patient population...
September 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582649/low-anterior-resection-syndrome-current-management-and-future-directions
#19
REVIEW
Timothy J Ridolfi, Nicholas Berger, Kirk A Ludwig
Outcomes for rectal cancer surgery have improved significantly over the past 20 years with increasing rates of survival and recurrence, specifically local recurrence. These gains have been realized during a period of time in which there has been an increasing emphasis on sphincter preservation. As we have become increasingly aggressive in avoiding resection of the anus, we have begun accepting bowel dysfunction as a normal outcome. Low anterior resection syndrome, defined as a constellation of symptoms including incontinence, frequency, urgency, or feelings of incomplete emptying, has a significant impact on quality of life and results in many patients opting for a permanent colostomy to avoid these symptoms...
September 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582648/the-multidisciplinary-management-of-colorectal-cancer-present-and-future-paradigms
#20
REVIEW
Chelsie K Sievers, Jeremy D Kratz, Luke D Zurbriggen, Noelle K LoConte, Sam J Lubner, Natalya Uboha, Daniel Mulkerin, Kristina A Matkowskyj, Dustin A Deming
As treatment strategies for patients with colorectal cancer advance, there has now become an ever-increasing need for multidisciplinary teams to care for these patients. Recent investigations into the timing and duration of perioperative therapy, as well as, the rise of molecular profiling have led to more systemic chemotherapeutic options. The most efficacious use, in terms of timing and patient selection, of these therapies in the setting of modern operative and radiotherapy techniques requires the generation of care teams discussing cases at multidisciplinary conferences...
September 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
journal
journal
38195
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"