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Nursing Older People

Alison Bardsley
Faecal incontinence is an impaired ability to control the passage of stool, often described as involuntary loss of solid or liquid stool, and the symptom of an underlying diagnosis. It is a common problem in older adults. Although not a life-threatening condition, it can have a significant negative effect on an individual's quality of life and adverse medical, social and economic consequences. Due to the taboo and stigmatising nature of the condition many individuals do not seek assistance. Healthcare professionals should take every opportunity to ask about faecal incontinence symptoms so that symptomatic relief and treatment interventions can be initiated...
September 19, 2018: Nursing Older People
Joy Reid
Early identification of frailty at the front door of the acute hospital is vital to allow rapid comprehensive geriatric assessment and care pathway development in the most appropriate location. This article discusses the importance of developing robust processes to enable early identification and management of frailty in the acute hospital. It also highlights the benefits of developing a dynamic team of professionals at the front door of the acute hospital who are effectively trained to undertake comprehensive assessment...
September 13, 2018: Nursing Older People
Linda Bale, Catharine Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Nursing students and registered nurses often feel underprepared for their roles in dementia care. Extracurricular activities offer nursing students additional opportunities for professional development. A student-academic partnership initiative was developed in which nursing students delivered dementia friends sessions to their peers before formal taught content. AIM: To explore dementia champion nursing students' experiences, identify factors that affect collaborative working and make recommendations for future student-academic partnership projects...
August 16, 2018: Nursing Older People
Marie Cook
Anecdotal and research evidence suggests that poor adherence and persistence with oral bisphosphonates can result in patients being at increased risk of osteoporotic fractures. Several interventions have been researched for their effectiveness with adherence and persistence, but the most effective method of supporting patients with oral bisphosphonate medications is clinician reviews, generally identified as doctors and nurses. This service evaluation aimed to explore the knowledge and views of multidisciplinary community-based clinicians about adherence and persistence with oral bisphosphonates...
July 26, 2018: Nursing Older People
Charlie Banister
Ageism has numerous negative effects on the lives of older people, including their health and well-being. In this reflective account a nursing student explores these effects in the context of an incident where she was inadvertently ageist. She considers what she has learned from this incident and the implications for nursing practice.
July 26, 2018: Nursing Older People
Marie Todd
A venous leg ulcer (VLU) is defined as the loss of skin below the knee on the leg or foot in the presence of venous disease, which takes more than two weeks to heal. The prevalence of VLUs is increasing, especially in older people, which will increase the demand for nursing care. Development of a lower leg ulcer should trigger immediate assessment of risk factors for chronic venous disease followed by action to identify the cause and initiate treatment, which should prevent progression to more complex and chronic problems...
July 26, 2018: Nursing Older People
Lucy Chamberlain, Carole Anderson, Chris Knifton, Gayle Madden
With an ageing population comes an increasing risk of illnesses such as dementia and a growing need for care. There are 670,000 informal, unpaid carers in the UK, reducing costs for health and social care services but presenting other concerns for healthcare professionals. Carer burden and carer stress are well-documented concepts, and can lead to depression and a risk of suicide in some individuals. It is important that this risk is considered when supporting informal carers of people living with dementia...
July 26, 2018: Nursing Older People
Susan Wills, Dena Ross
The community matron care homes team (CHT) was set up in Sandwell, West Midlands in 2011 to support care home staff to manage residents' care safely and reduce unplanned and/or avoidable use of acute health services. The service was reviewed in 2015 and attention focused on care homes with the highest levels of hospital use and emergency 999 services. Working with these care home staff and health professionals, a training and education opportunity to aid staff to manage residents in crisis was sourced, organised and implemented...
May 31, 2018: Nursing Older People
Marietjie du Toit
Joint contractures, or limitations in the full range of movement of joints, are common in older people living in long-term care settings. They result in physical discomfort, social isolation, loss of independence and increased staffing demands. Studies conclude that the prevention of contractures should be the first line of treatment. This article aims to raise awareness of contractures in older people living in nursing homes and individualised preventive strategies that can be used by nursing staff such as maintaining functional ability, risk identification, stretching and correct bed and seating position...
May 31, 2018: Nursing Older People
Martha Dixon
This article aims to assist nurses and nursing students to consider the presentation of delirium in older patients and the resulting assessment and nursing interventions required. It considers the three types of delirium: hyperactive, hypoactive and mixed. It also discusses potential causes of delirium. Older patients are at increased risk of delirium due to factors such as cognitive impairment, co-morbidities and acute illness. Nurses should be confident in the use of the 4AT score to assess patients with delirium...
May 31, 2018: Nursing Older People
Penny Dodds, Katharine Martyn, Mary Brown
This work was part of a National Institute for Health Research participatory action research and practice development study, which focused on the use of a therapeutic, robotic baby seal (PARO, for personal assistive robot) in everyday practice in a single-site dementia unit in Sussex. From the beginning of January 2017 until the end of September 2017, the cleaning and cleanliness of PARO was monitored through a service audit process that focused on the cleaning, amount of use and testing of contamination of PARO being used in everyday clinical practice with individuals and in group sessions...
March 23, 2018: Nursing Older People
Valentina Vanzi, Elena Toma
Dermatoporosis is a chronic skin fragility syndrome, caused by age and environmental factors. People with dermatoporosis have skin whose protective mechanical function is reduced and which has a decreased tolerance for friction and shearing forces. Skin tears are another clinical consequence of age-associated skin vulnerability and people with dermatoporosis are at increased risk of skin tears. Dermatoporosis may also delay the healing of skin tears, making it vital that healthcare professionals are aware of this condition...
March 23, 2018: Nursing Older People
Louise Nash, Nick Bergin
A literature review found an association between increased falls risk and malnutrition, sarcopenia, vitamin D deficiency and dehydration. Strategies to identify, prevent and treat these conditions can help to reduce falls risk in at-risk groups such as frail, older people. Nurses can reduce falls risk in older people by raising awareness of risk factors and embedding nutritional strategies in local falls reduction strategies.
March 23, 2018: Nursing Older People
Sheryll Lat, Wendy Mashlan, Susan Heffey, Bridie Jones
Sepsis is a common condition caused by the body's immune and coagulation systems being 'switched on' by the presence of infection, either through bacteria or viruses in the blood. If untreated, sepsis can be life-threatening and is a leading cause of death in hospital patients worldwide. However, awareness of sepsis is low. This article provides an overview of the important role played by nurses in acute hospital settings in the early identification and treatment of suspected sepsis in frail older patients, and in escalating the care and management of deteriorating patients...
February 26, 2018: Nursing Older People
Lindsay Fitzpatrick
Hospital stays can have significant negative effects for people with dementia. This article explores methods of improving dementia care in general hospital wards. Taking its starting point as the importance of person-centred care, it explores ways of improving the ward environment, meaningful activities, personal history work, involving carers, and identifying and treating delirium. Practical strategies are suggested in each of these areas. The article acknowledges that implementing change can be challenging in NHS settings where wards are understaffed, and time is precious...
February 26, 2018: Nursing Older People
Aine McAnulla, Bernie Reid, Malgorzata Zieba
Public health is the responsibility of every nurse and nursing practice should adopt a life course approach to the promotion of health and well-being. This approach requires a renewed focus on health promotion interventions aimed at older people, including those resident in nursing homes. The oral health status of older people in nursing homes has been reported as suboptimal, predisposing them to poorer health-related quality of life. Interventions focusing on knowledge and behaviours related to oral health management for nurses, other caregivers and older people have the potential to improve the provision of oral care...
February 26, 2018: Nursing Older People
Sarah Penney, Assumpta Ryan
AIM: To explore the effect of the My Home Life 12-month leadership support programme on care home managers' leadership skills and professional development, and their relationships with staff, residents and relatives. METHOD: A qualitative study of 15 care home managers was undertaken, using focus groups to explore the study's aims and objectives. Data were analysed using Colaizzi's phenomenological method. FINDINGS: The leadership support programme enabled managers to develop their leadership skills, which had a positive effect for them and for their relationships with staff, residents and relatives...
January 29, 2018: Nursing Older People
Sharron Tolman, Karen Harrison Dening
The presence of pain in a person with dementia can often be missed. The diagnosis of dementia can overshadow the pain-inducing symptoms of other co-morbid conditions with distress behaviours being attributed to the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. Such distress behaviours of a person with dementia often have a profound and alarming effect on family carers. This Admiral Nurse case study explores the assessment and management of pain in a person with dementia in partnership with the family carer...
January 29, 2018: Nursing Older People
Sue Tiplady, Juliana Thompson, Carole Proud
If high-quality, person-centred care is to be provided for older people with complex needs, it is essential that nurse education should aim to extend students' knowledge and skills in longterm care, and integrated health and social care. Northumbria University, local care homes and NHS organisations have collaborated to develop integrated, cross-sector practice placements that support this learning for nursing students. While there have been challenges in developing these placements, initial feedback is positive, suggesting the placements promote improved interorganisational working and learning for staff as well as students...
January 29, 2018: Nursing Older People
Elizabeth Graham, Sadie Campbell
AIM: To develop an education and partnership programme between the trust and nursing home staff in Northern Ireland. METHODS: Twenty care home nurse champions participated in a bespoke Responsive Education and Collaborative Health programme provided by the trust. The trust's practice development facilitator supported care home staff to develop clinical competencies while observing residents' emergency department (ED) attendance trends. RESULTS: After introduction of the programme, avoidable ED attendances were reduced by 31% ( n =309) compared with the previous year, cost per capita was reduced by £314,340, reliance on community nursing was reduced, and the health and experience of the care home population were improved...
November 30, 2017: Nursing Older People
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