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Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

Md Dilshad Manzar, Mohammed Salahuddin, Tufail Ahmad Khan, Showkat Ahmad Shah, Majed Alamri, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Ahmed S Bahammam
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) in substance-using Ethiopian adults. A simple random sampling of houses and a purposive sampling selection was performed in Mizan city, Ethiopia (n = 406). Participants completed the ISI and a meta-cognition questionnaire and sociodemographic information. IBM SPSS software with Amos was used for data analysis. There was no major ceiling or floor effect in the ISI scores. The internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Chrysalis L Wright, Tia Ball, Kaleigh Kambour, Lygia Machado, Taylor Defrancesco, Carissa Hamilton, Jeanette Hyatt, Jacquelynne Dauk
While previous research has documented a relation between music and substance use among consumers, to date, there are no meta-analytic reviews of the literature, making our meta-analysis the first in this area. Results from 31 studies, yielding a total of 330,652, indicated that music had a significant effect on substance use, with both music format and genre being significant contributors. The effect of music on substance use also varied by substance type. In addition, participant biological sex and location of data collection were found to moderate the effect of music on substance use...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Leonard A Jason, Ed Stevens, Jessica Kassanits, Angela Reilly, Ted Bobak, Mayra Guerrero, Nathan J Doogan
Social network data were collected among residents of an Oxford House (OH) recovery home, which was located on Suquamish Tribal territory. Data were collected on the social connections of eight male residents (including four Native Americans and four non-Native Americans) using a social network instrument. A number of social network relationship types were examined, including friendship, trust, and mentorship. Social network data assessed included diameter, reciprocity, the average path length, cohesion, density, transitivity, and centrality...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Autumn M Bermea, David T Lardier, Brad van Eeden-Moorefield, Pauline Garcia-Reid, Robert J Reid
A third of Hispanic youth live below the poverty line, making them vulnerable for exposure to gangs, substances, and violence, all of which have been associated with substance use. The aim of the present study was to test the link between these variables, using a multiple mediation model. Results suggest that the relationship between gang exposure and adolescent substance use was mediated by both access to substances and exposure to violence. Findings provide insight into how gang exposure impacts outcomes for low-income youth...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Rachel Rowe, Y Gavriel Ansara, Alison Jaworski, Peter Higgs, Philip J Clare
In Australia, one in three people are born overseas, and one in five households speak languages other than English. This study explores substance use prevalence, related harms, and attitudes among these large groups in the population. Analysis was conducted using cross-sectional data (N = 22, 696) from the 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey. General linear model and binary logistic regression were used to assess substance use and harms, using stabilized inverse propensity score weighting to control for potential confounding variables...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Denise Vasquez, Mika Cohen Jones, Louis D Brown
BACKGROUND: Although US cigarette smoking rates have steadily declined, the changing nature of nicotine consumption and the popularity of non-combustible nicotine products urges us to revise tobacco prevention strategies. Research on smoking perspectives among Hispanic youth is limited yet crucial for prevention efforts with Hispanics being the largest minority in the U.S. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to understand the experience and perceptions of low-income Hispanic youth regarding tobacco use...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Minkyung Kang, Shane A Phillips, Mariann R Piano
This study determined cardiovascular risk among Korean college students with a history of binge drinking. Variables included alcohol consumption, cardiovascular risk factors (increased blood pressure, body mass index, lipid values) and markers (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, fibrinogen), and 10-year Framingham risk scores. Korean college student binge drinkers had higher triglyceride levels and higher ratios of triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol than did abstainers. Average number of drinks on one occasion was correlated with higher body mass index, triglyceride level, ratio of triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and 10-year Framingham risk score...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Akiko Kamimura, Samin Panahi, Naveen Rathi, Shannon Weaver, Mu Pye, Kai Sin, Jeanie Ashby
The annual number of opioid prescriptions for pain relief has been increasing in the United States. This increase has raised concerns about prescription opioid abuse and overdose. The purpose of this study was to examine opioid risks (risk factors that increase the chance of opioid abuse) among uninsured primary care patients utilizing a free clinic. Data were collected using a self-administered paper survey in the waiting room of the free clinic from May to July 2017 (N = 506). Higher levels of somatic symptoms were associated with higher levels of opioid risks...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Yen-Han Lee, Yen-Chang Chang, Ching-Ti Liu, Mack Shelley
China has one of the world's largest populations using alcohol. With the trend of increasing alcohol consumption and the rapid growth of its aging population, China has faced imminent public health challenges in the past few decades. This research study aims to investigate determinants related to alcohol consumption behaviors or alcohol dependence among older adults (age ≥60) in China. Using the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey from 2000 to 2014 waves (n = 35,377), we estimated multivariable logistic regression models to examine the factors associated with current alcohol consumption status, alcohol consumption experience, daily consumption, and alcohol dependence...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
George Pro, Ethan Sahker, Miesha Marzell
This study examines the association between exposure to microaggressions and marijuana use, using original survey data from a sample of racial/ethnic minority college students (n = 332) from a large Division I university in the United States. Nearly all of our sample (96%) reported at least one experience with microaggressions in the past 6 months, while 33% reported using marijuana regularly. We modeled regular use of marijuana using multiple logistic regression, with consideration of sex, age, race/ethnicity, and microaggression scale scores as covariates...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Noelle Fearn, Michael G Vaughn
Previous research indicates that drug use is common among incarcerated populations. However, much less research attention has been focused on drug use among female inmates, especially while in prison. The goal of this research was to examine the prevalence and correlates of in-prison drug use among women prisoners. Data were drawn from a random sample of women incarcerated in four regions of Spain in 2014. Self-report assessments of alcohol and drug use were collected. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression models were employed to examine relationships in the data...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Mariano Kanamori, Jessica Weissman, Mario De La Rosa, James Melton, Mariana Sanchez, Patria Rojas, Mary Jo Trekpa
We examined the perception of adolescent children's marijuana use and its consequences in the Hispanic seasonal farmworking community of South Florida via three focus groups with Hispanic adult female seasonal workers (n = 29). The women described how adolescents' marijuana use increased over the past five years. Social networks for marijuana use were reported near schools and bus stations. Although participants expressed concern over adolescent marijuana use and involvement in selling marijuana, they reported that their job demands preclude their ability to supervise their children...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Rabia Bilici, Dilek Beker Şanlı, Özgür Süner, Serhat Çıtak, Filiz İzci
We aimed to investigate sociodemographic characteristics of individuals under a supervised probation program used in Turkey and to compare characteristics of noncompliant versus no-need-to-treat individuals in order to determine the effect of sociodemographic characteristics on success of the supervised probation program. In total, 4,006 individuals who submitted to the supervised probation program of our hospital were evaluated retrospectively from patient data and follow-up records. The mean age of patients was 28...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Gagan S Khera, Nadine Nakamura
This study examined substance use (cigarette, alcohol, and illicit drug) among first- and second-generation Asian Indian women and men (n = 1,209; ages 18-34) living in the United States. Participants reported low rates of substance use compared to national averages. First-generation participants reported lower rates of substance use. Men were more likely to have used alcohol and tried cigarettes. Within the first generation, gender differences were only significant for alcohol, but within the second generation, gender differences were significant for all three substances...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Mario De La Rosa, Hui Huang, Judith S Brook, Mariana Sanchez, Patria Rojas, Mariano Kanamori, Miguel Ángel Cano, Marcos Martinez
Few studies have examined the socio-cultural determinants of alcohol and drug misuse trajectories among adult Latinas. To assess the associations between socio-cultural determinants and alcohol and drug misuse, we used a longitudinal design to follow a sample of adult Latina mother-daughter-dyads (N = 267) for ten years, and collected four waves of data. They were adult Latinas of Caribbean, South and Central American descent. Specifically, this study investigated the effects of the following factors: (1) Individual Determinants (e...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Tatiana Balachova, Linda Carter Sobell, Sangeeta Agrawal, Galina Isurina, Larissa Tsvetkova, Elena Volkova, Som Bohora
The Quick Drinking Screen (QDS) and Timeline Followback (TLFB), measures of alcohol use, have yielded similar reports of drinking with English speakers. The present study, a secondary data analysis, compared three measures of alcohol use (i.e., QDS, TLFB, and AUDIT) among Russian-speaking women. This is the first study to compare all three measures. This study replicated the findings of studies with English speakers and demonstrated that brief screening measures (QDS, AUDIT) provide reliable summary measures of alcohol use when compared to a detailed drinking measure (TLFB)...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Danielle D Dickens, Danielle M Jackman, Linda R Stanley, Randall C Swaim, Ernest L Chavez
Although studies have examined ethnic differences in psychosocial factors and adolescent alcohol use, most have not examined these relationships for rural adolescents. The Community Drug and Alcohol Survey (CDAS) was completed by 23,163 rural adolescents attending African American secondary schools. Multilevel analysis tested the hypothesis of stronger relationships of peer use and religiosity with alcohol use and a weaker relationship for parental permissiveness and alcohol use for White compared to African American adolescents...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Alice W Cheng, Derek K Iwamoto, Daveon McMullen
This study investigated the priming effects of the model minority stereotype on 122 clinicians in training regarding their diagnostic accuracy on Asian Americans compared to Whites. It was hypothesized that clinicians in training would be less likely to diagnose Asian Americans with alcohol use disorder and would perceive them to have fewer clinical symptoms than Whites due to the model minority stereotype. Consistent with the hypotheses, clinicians in training were less likely to assign alcohol use disorder to Asian Americans compared to Whites, as well as to the unprimed condition versus the condition primed with the stereotype...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Leonard A Jason, Roberto D Luna, Josefina Alvarez, Ed Stevens
Research indicates that Latinos underutilize substance abuse interventions; cultural variables may contribute to difficulties accessing and completing treatment for this group. As a result, there is a need to understand the role of cultural constructs in treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate how levels of collectivism (COL) and individualism (IND) relate to length of stay and relapse outcomes in self-run recovery homes. We compared Latinos in several culturally modified recovery Oxford Houses to Latinos in traditional recovery Oxford Houses...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Karen Doty-Sweetnam, Patrick Morrissette
We describe a phenomenological study that explored the experiences of First Nations and Aboriginal women during their journey of recovery from alcohol abuse. Seven women participated in individual, tape-recorded interviews, during which they described their experiences, yielding written protocols that were thematically analyzed. Results from this study revealed seven predominant themes that included the following: (a) guilt and shame, (b) unresolved core issues, (c) resilience, (d) tenacity, (e) recovery process, (f) family and friends, and (g) tradition and spirituality...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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