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Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

Siddharth Sarkar, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Saurabh Kumar, Vinay Saini, Akriti Kamran, Vaibhav Patil, Swarndeep Singh, Shreeya Gyawali
Internalized stigma among individuals with substance use disorders is a major barrier for accessing mental health services. This study aimed to assess internalized stigma among individuals with substance use disorders and to assess the relationship of internalized stigma with the quality of life. This cross-sectional study recruited 201 patients with a clinical diagnosis of at least opioid or alcohol use disorder according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 at a public-funded tertiary care center in India...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Ben Lewis, Lauren Hoffman, Christian C Garcia, Sara Jo Nixon
This study examined trajectories of progression from early substance use to treatment entry as a function of race, among inpatient treatment seekers (N = 945). Following primary race-contingent analyses of use progression, secondary analyses were conducted to investigate the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on the observed differences. African Americans reported significant delays in treatment entry relative to Caucasians. Racial differences in alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine use trajectories were observed...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Delida Sanchez, Elizabeth A Vandewater, Emma R Hamilton
Given the increased trend in substance use patterns among Latina adolescents in recent years, the need for research that identifies gender-specific and culturally relevant protective factors is essential in tailoring interventions. The current study examined the links between marianismo gender role attitudes, ethnic identity, and substance use abstinence among 277 low-income Mexican American early adolescent girls. Mental health was also examined as a potential moderator in these links. Results of linear regression analysis revealed that familismo, virtuous/chaste, and spiritual marianismo gender role attitudes were predictive of stronger ethnic identity; conversely, self-silencing marianismo attitudes were predictive of weaker ethnic identity...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Himanshu K Chaturvedi, Ram C Bajpai, Preeti Tiwari
Arunachal Pradesh, a land of high mountains and dense forest, is home to many tribal communities, which comprise two thirds of the state's population. Alcohol is one of the common addictive substances used traditionally among them despite much awareness about its harmful effect on health. The present study is focused on finding the association of religion, ethnicity, and demographic characteristics with alcohol use among some tribal communities in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted on substance use in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Maryam Marzban, Maryam Hadji, Mahin Gholipour, Hamideh Rashidian, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Jafar Hasanzadeh, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Reza Ghiasvand, Abdolvahab Moradi, Hossein Khavari-Daneshvar, Elisabete Weiderpass, Farin Kamangar, Kazem Zendehdel
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Socioeconomic Status (SES) is considered as one of the important factors associated with use of various drugs. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of SES on cigarette smoking, alcohol use, drug use, and passive exposure to opium and cigarette smoke. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, which is part of a multicenter case-control study, the research hypothesis was checked among controls who had referred to hospitals. Data were collected through a questionnaire and laboratory tests to determine the actual consumers of opium and other illicit drugs...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Amandine Luquiens, Lynn Owens, Diane Whalley, Nora Rahhali, Philippe Laramée, Rebecca Crawford, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Bruno Falissard, Henri-Jean Aubin
This study explores sociocultural differences in alcohol-related impact on quality of life between France and United Kingdom. We included 38 alcohol-dependent patients in France and United Kingdom in 10 focus groups. We used a text-mining approach. Three classes of each corpus regarded identical themes across the countries: (a) core impact on quality of life, (b) drinking habits, (c) sources of help. Core impact was similar between the two countries. Main differences were in drinking habits and referral to sources of help...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Jasmin Llamas, Louisa M Holmes, Nadra E Lisha, Pamela M Ling
Tobacco and marijuana use among U.S. young adults is a top public health concern, and racial/ethnic minorities may be at particular risk. Past research examining cultural variables has focused on the individual in relation to the mainstream U.S. culture; however, an individual can also experience within-group stress, or intragroup marginalization. We used the 2014 San Francisco Bay Area Young Adult Health Survey to validate an abbreviated measure of intragroup marginalization and identify associations between intragroup marginalization and tobacco and marijuana use among ethnic minority young adults (N = 1,058)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Delishia M Pittman, Jessica J Brooks, Paramjit Kaur, Ezemenari M Obasi
A motivational drinking framework is utilized to understand the relationship between minority stressors (e.g., race-related stress and acculturative stress) and alcohol use behaviors (risky alcohol use and coping-motivated drinking) among a large sample of Black American college students. Six hundred forty-nine Black college students from 8 colleges and universities in the United States were recruited as part of a large, multiwave, cross-sectional study investigating the stress and coping experiences of Black emerging adults...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Anthony H Ecker, Kimberlye E Dean, Julia D Buckner, Dawn W Foster
Cannabis use among college students is associated with negative consequences, including those that can negatively affect academic functioning. Perceived descriptive and injunctive norms are among the strongest predictors of college cannabis use and related problems, and perceived norms differentially relate to cannabis outcomes depending on the reference group (e.g., close friends, family members). However, no known studies have examined the effect of race on these relationships. Yet, given that African American students are more strongly affected by parental influence than Caucasian students and that they endorse more social motives for cannabis use, African American students may be affected by perceived norms regarding parents and friends differentially from Caucasian students...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Pamela Black, Helen M Hendy
Nonmedical use of painkillers has increased in recent years, with some authors suggesting that painkillers serve as "hillbilly heroin": a drug chosen by rural adults to cope with psychosocial stresses in their lives. The present study compared rural and urban adults for their reported use of 5 drugs during the past year (painkillers, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin) and for associations between these 5 drugs and their reported psychosocial stressors. This study conducted secondary analyses of anonymous survey data provided by the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health with responses from 8,699 rural and 18,481 urban adults...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Tatiana Balachova, Ryan Zander, Barbara Bonner, Galina Isurina, Kathy Kyler, Larissa Tsvetkova, Elena Volkova
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can produce adverse outcomes; maternal smoking compounds this risk. We examined prevalence of smoking and associations between smoking and alcohol use in Russian women of childbearing age (N = 648). Smoking was reported by 35% of nonpregnant and 14% of pregnant women. Smoking prevalence was higher (45%) among at-risk drinkers and those at risk for an alcohol-exposed pregnancy (AEP). In a multivariate model, smoking status and city of residence significantly predicted AEP risk...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Magdalena Szaflarski, Daniel H Klepinger, Lisa A Cubbins
We used data from Wave 1 and Wave 2 of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions to examine racial-ethnic and nativity-based variations in alcohol use/abuse and treatment seeking while accounting for acculturation, stress, and social integration factors. The dependent variables included alcohol use, risky drinking, DSM-IV alcohol use disorder, and treatment seeking in the past 12 months. Racial-ethnic categories included African, European, Asian/Pacific Islander, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Karen Coen Flynn, Lee D Hoffer
Understanding the social dynamics of local methamphetamine markets is critical to improving community health and reducing social costs associated with illicit drug use. We examine a local drug market in Summit County, Ohio, wherein methamphetamine users ascribe themselves different ethnic identities from those long associated with the drug elsewhere in the United States. Qualitative interviews with 52 study participants demonstrate that very poor and homeless White males and females are now using methamphetamine; however, even more surprising is that 31 of the participants identified themselves as poor or homeless, male or female African, Native, biracial, or multiracial Americans...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Yakhnich Liat
This article explores the cultural context of substance abuse among drug-addicted Former Soviet Union (FSU) immigrants in Israel. Using a qualitative approach, it focuses on immigrant users' affiliation with the Russian criminal culture. The data analysis elicited a number of themes, including the key components of this culture, its attitude toward drug consumption, and its role in the users' lives and rehabilitation. It is argued that drug-addicted immigrants suffer multiple marginalization. Their affiliation with the ethnic criminal subculture serves as a defense reaction that protects their identities and grants them a sense of mastery not afforded in the wider society...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Nathalie Mackinnon, Urvita Bhatia, Abhijit Nadkarni
Quantitative evidence about the burden of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) needs to be complemented with a nuanced qualitative understanding of explanatory models to help supplement public health strategies that are too often steeped uncritically in biomedical models. The aim of this study was to identify the role of various factors in the onset and persistence of AUD and recovery from AUD. This was a qualitative study nested in a population cohort from Goa, India. In-depth interviews of men with incident, recovered, and persistent AUD covered topics such as changes in drinking habits over time, perceptions and experiences about starting/stopping drinking, and so on...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Rahma Mkuu, Tawandra L Rowell-Cunsolo, Idethia Shevon Harvey
Black Americans are overrepresented among those incarcerated for drug-related offenses. Drug use, postincarceration, is associated with high risk of recidivism and overdose deaths. We explored factors influencing drug use among former Black drug offenders. Qualitative interviews with 30 Black Americans released from prison within the past year explored drug behavior as well as institutional, environmental, and social factors that influence drug use. Findings show participants reentered drug-enticing environments and social networks...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Courtney Thrash, Melissa Welch-Lazoritz, Gertrude Gauthier, Bilal Khan, Roberto Abadie, Kirk Dombrowski, Sandra Miranda De Leon, Yadira Rolon Colon
Understanding the short- and long-term transmission dynamics of blood-borne illnesses in network contexts represents an important public health priority for people who inject drugs and the general population that surrounds them. The purpose of this article is to compare the risk networks of urban and rural people who inject drugs in Puerto Rico. In the current study, network characteristics are drawn from the sampling "trees" used to recruit participants to the study. We found that injection frequency is the only factor significantly related to clustering behavior among both urban and rural people who inject drugs...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Marie Claire Van Hout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Sarah E Zemore, Nina Mulia, Edwina Williams, Paul A Gilbert
We used the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to test whether the association between job loss and incidence of alcohol dependence differed across Blacks and Whites. Respondents were interviewed annually from 1979 to 1994; DSM-IV dependence was assessed in 1989 and 1994. Analyses included only those employed in 1989 and involved lagged logistic regressions predicting past-year dependence in 1994 from job loss during 1990-1993. Unexpectedly, results showed stronger and more robust associations between job loss and dependence among Whites (AOR = 1...
July 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Alfonso Mercado, Maria Ramirez, Rachita Sharma, Jason Popan, Maria Luisa Avalos Latorre
Although the association between acculturation and substance use among Latino groups is important, it is often understudied, especially within specific Latino groups living in geographically distinct communities, such as the Mexican American population in South Texas. The researchers of this study aimed to better understand the effect of acculturation on substance use and alcohol dependence in a Mexican American college student population. This survey study investigated the correlation between acculturation and substance use and dependence by using the Vancouver Index of Acculturation (VIA), items related to substance use (nicotine, marijuana, and cocaine) in a Mexican American college student sample (N = 1,494), and the Short Alcohol Dependence Data Questionnaire (SADD; N = 715)...
July 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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