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Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

Nel Jason Haw, Jia Yang, Hong Li, Lin Duo, Tianyu Wang, Jennifer Z H Bouey
We aim to compare the values and challenges of peer outreach workers (POWs) with a history of drug use with non-POWs (NPOWs) in a needle and syringe exchange program (NSEP) in Yunnan, China. Data were abstracted from two independent surveys of 98 outreach workers and 33 program managers in 2014. POWs were more likely than NPOWs to conduct active outreach and to report ease in exchanging needles. Commonly cited concerns from POWs were low wages and frustration with client follow-up. Managers expressed the most concern on high turnover rates and low education levels...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Megan R Hicks, Steven M Kogan
Racial discrimination is a documented risk factor for smoking among Black men; mechanisms of effect and protective processes remain to be investigated. This study examined the mediating effect of anger/hostility on the association between racial discrimination and smoking and the influence of protective social ties in buffering the effects of racial discrimination. Hypotheses were tested using longitudinal data from a study of 505 Black men ages 19-22. Data collected for the study occurred at three timepoints, each 12 months apart...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Timothy J Grigsby, Myriam Forster, Laurel Davis, Jennifer B Unger
This study investigates whether Hispanic emerging adults exposed to household incarceration before age 18 report higher rates of past 30-day cigarette, alcohol, binge drinking, marijuana use, and negative substance use consequences, relative to participants not exposed to incarceration of a household member. Respondents were matched on key characteristics to create balanced groups of exposed and nonexposed respondents. Negative binomial regression models assessed primary research questions. There were significant long-term associations between household incarceration and the frequency of past 30-day binge drinking, marijuana use, and number of negative substance use consequences...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Devin E Banks, Micah T Faidley, Gregory T Smith, Tamika C B Zapolski
Alcohol expectancies are important determinants of adolescent drinking, but this relationship may differ based on race/ethnicity. This study used time-varying effect modeling to examine racial/ethnic differences in positive and negative alcohol expectancies and their relationship with drinking among White, African American, and Hispanic youth. Youth reported alcohol expectancies and drinking frequency from 5th grade to 10th grade. African Americans initially endorsed higher positive alcohol expectancies than Whites, but the relationship with drinking was stronger among Whites...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Renee M Cunningham-Williams, Brittni D Jones, Sheretta T Butler-Barnes, Anjanette A Wells, Sha-Lai L Williams Woodson, Sharon D Johnson, Meagan R Pilar
Using differential, multivariable risk models, we assessed the contribution of substance use and stress/traumatic events to hookah use among African American college students (n = 1,402) using data from the Fall 2012 American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment (ACHA-NCHA) II. Lifetime hookah use was 24.8%, with 34.2% of lifetime users having done so in the past 30 days. Compared to nonusers, hookah users had significantly higher use rates of alcohol, marijuana, other tobacco, and other drugs...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Kimberly Horn, Robin M Kuprewicz, Katrin Patterson, Jessica Kaufman, Usha Murugesan, Diane J Martinez, Nicolle M Krebs, Joshua E Muscat
This investigation evaluated the effectiveness and challenges of multiple recruitment methods, described as proactive, reactive, and combination methods, among adult African American smokers (N = 527) from economically disadvantaged urban communities enrolled to test progressively reduced nicotine content investigational cigarettes. The study evaluated success using descriptive statistics to measure the volume of phone calls and percentage of eligible participants per method. Reactive and combination strategies effectively prompted participants to call about the study...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Md Dilshad Manzar, Mohammed Salahuddin, Tufail Ahmad Khan, Showkat Ahmad Shah, Majed Alamri, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Ahmed S Bahammam
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) in substance-using Ethiopian adults. A simple random sampling of houses and a purposive sampling selection was performed in Mizan city, Ethiopia (n = 406). Participants completed the ISI and a meta-cognition questionnaire and sociodemographic information. IBM SPSS software with Amos was used for data analysis. There was no major ceiling or floor effect in the ISI scores. The internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Chrysalis L Wright, Tia Ball, Kaleigh Kambour, Lygia Machado, Taylor Defrancesco, Carissa Hamilton, Jeanette Hyatt, Jacquelynne Dauk
While previous research has documented a relation between music and substance use among consumers, to date, there are no meta-analytic reviews of the literature, making our meta-analysis the first in this area. Results from 31 studies, yielding a total of 330,652, indicated that music had a significant effect on substance use, with both music format and genre being significant contributors. The effect of music on substance use also varied by substance type. In addition, participant biological sex and location of data collection were found to moderate the effect of music on substance use...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Leonard A Jason, Ed Stevens, Jessica Kassanits, Angela Reilly, Ted Bobak, Mayra Guerrero, Nathan J Doogan
Social network data were collected among residents of an Oxford House (OH) recovery home, which was located on Suquamish Tribal territory. Data were collected on the social connections of eight male residents (including four Native Americans and four non-Native Americans) using a social network instrument. A number of social network relationship types were examined, including friendship, trust, and mentorship. Social network data assessed included diameter, reciprocity, the average path length, cohesion, density, transitivity, and centrality...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Lynn Wallisch, Sarah E Zemore, Guilherme Borges, Cheryl J Cherpitel, Jane C Maxwell
Risk for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) may be higher in U.S. and Mexico border cities as compared to nonborder cities in each country. We examine rates and correlates of self-reported DUI arrests or stops on both sides of the border, drawing on a large-scale survey of 4,796 Mexicans and Mexican Americans in border and nonborder cities of Texas and two states in Mexico. Findings varied by site and country and did not consistently show higher rates on the border. DUI prevention efforts should consider the heterogeneity of local conditions and needs...
October 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Autumn M Bermea, David T Lardier, Brad van Eeden-Moorefield, Pauline Garcia-Reid, Robert J Reid
A third of Hispanic youth live below the poverty line, making them vulnerable for exposure to gangs, substances, and violence, all of which have been associated with substance use. The aim of the present study was to test the link between these variables, using a multiple mediation model. Results suggest that the relationship between gang exposure and adolescent substance use was mediated by both access to substances and exposure to violence. Findings provide insight into how gang exposure impacts outcomes for low-income youth...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Rachel Rowe, Y Gavriel Ansara, Alison Jaworski, Peter Higgs, Philip J Clare
In Australia, one in three people are born overseas, and one in five households speak languages other than English. This study explores substance use prevalence, related harms, and attitudes among these large groups in the population. Analysis was conducted using cross-sectional data (N = 22, 696) from the 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey. General linear model and binary logistic regression were used to assess substance use and harms, using stabilized inverse propensity score weighting to control for potential confounding variables...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Denise Vasquez, Mika Cohen Jones, Louis D Brown
BACKGROUND: Although US cigarette smoking rates have steadily declined, the changing nature of nicotine consumption and the popularity of non-combustible nicotine products urges us to revise tobacco prevention strategies. Research on smoking perspectives among Hispanic youth is limited yet crucial for prevention efforts with Hispanics being the largest minority in the U.S. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to understand the experience and perceptions of low-income Hispanic youth regarding tobacco use...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Minkyung Kang, Shane A Phillips, Mariann R Piano
This study determined cardiovascular risk among Korean college students with a history of binge drinking. Variables included alcohol consumption, cardiovascular risk factors (increased blood pressure, body mass index, lipid values) and markers (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, fibrinogen), and 10-year Framingham risk scores. Korean college student binge drinkers had higher triglyceride levels and higher ratios of triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol than did abstainers. Average number of drinks on one occasion was correlated with higher body mass index, triglyceride level, ratio of triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and 10-year Framingham risk score...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Akiko Kamimura, Samin Panahi, Naveen Rathi, Shannon Weaver, Mu Pye, Kai Sin, Jeanie Ashby
The annual number of opioid prescriptions for pain relief has been increasing in the United States. This increase has raised concerns about prescription opioid abuse and overdose. The purpose of this study was to examine opioid risks (risk factors that increase the chance of opioid abuse) among uninsured primary care patients utilizing a free clinic. Data were collected using a self-administered paper survey in the waiting room of the free clinic from May to July 2017 (N = 506). Higher levels of somatic symptoms were associated with higher levels of opioid risks...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Yen-Han Lee, Yen-Chang Chang, Ching-Ti Liu, Mack Shelley
China has one of the world's largest populations using alcohol. With the trend of increasing alcohol consumption and the rapid growth of its aging population, China has faced imminent public health challenges in the past few decades. This research study aims to investigate determinants related to alcohol consumption behaviors or alcohol dependence among older adults (age ≥60) in China. Using the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey from 2000 to 2014 waves (n = 35,377), we estimated multivariable logistic regression models to examine the factors associated with current alcohol consumption status, alcohol consumption experience, daily consumption, and alcohol dependence...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
George Pro, Ethan Sahker, Miesha Marzell
This study examines the association between exposure to microaggressions and marijuana use, using original survey data from a sample of racial/ethnic minority college students (n = 332) from a large Division I university in the United States. Nearly all of our sample (96%) reported at least one experience with microaggressions in the past 6 months, while 33% reported using marijuana regularly. We modeled regular use of marijuana using multiple logistic regression, with consideration of sex, age, race/ethnicity, and microaggression scale scores as covariates...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Noelle Fearn, Michael G Vaughn
Previous research indicates that drug use is common among incarcerated populations. However, much less research attention has been focused on drug use among female inmates, especially while in prison. The goal of this research was to examine the prevalence and correlates of in-prison drug use among women prisoners. Data were drawn from a random sample of women incarcerated in four regions of Spain in 2014. Self-report assessments of alcohol and drug use were collected. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression models were employed to examine relationships in the data...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Mariano Kanamori, Jessica Weissman, Mario De La Rosa, James Melton, Mariana Sanchez, Patria Rojas, Mary Jo Trekpa
We examined the perception of adolescent children's marijuana use and its consequences in the Hispanic seasonal farmworking community of South Florida via three focus groups with Hispanic adult female seasonal workers (n = 29). The women described how adolescents' marijuana use increased over the past five years. Social networks for marijuana use were reported near schools and bus stations. Although participants expressed concern over adolescent marijuana use and involvement in selling marijuana, they reported that their job demands preclude their ability to supervise their children...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Rabia Bilici, Dilek Beker Şanlı, Özgür Süner, Serhat Çıtak, Filiz İzci
We aimed to investigate sociodemographic characteristics of individuals under a supervised probation program used in Turkey and to compare characteristics of noncompliant versus no-need-to-treat individuals in order to determine the effect of sociodemographic characteristics on success of the supervised probation program. In total, 4,006 individuals who submitted to the supervised probation program of our hospital were evaluated retrospectively from patient data and follow-up records. The mean age of patients was 28...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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