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Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144881/improving-graduation-rates-for-african-americans-in-drug-court-importance-of-human-relationships-and-barriers-to-gaining-and-sustaining-employment
#1
John Robert Gallagher, Anne Nordberg, Alyssa R Dibley
Drug courts have been an important part of the criminal justice system since 1989. They continue to expand throughout the United States because nearly three decades of research has shown that they are more effective than other interventions, such as traditional probation. There is a pattern, though, in some drug courts where African Americans are less likely to graduate than their Caucasian counterparts. This qualitative study explores this phenomenon by asking African American participants (n = 31) their views on the most helpful aspects of drug court and how drug court could be more helpful in supporting them in graduating the program...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144857/a-review-of-tribal-best-practices-in-substance-abuse-prevention
#2
Allyson Kelley, Morgan Witzel, Bethany Fatupaito
American Indian youth experience higher rates of substance use than non-American Indian youth. Researchers, clinicians, and treatment programs embrace evidence-based practices (EBPs) and practice based evidence (PBE) as a primary method for addressing substance abuse and advancing behavioral health. However, less is known about the use of tribal best practices (TBPs) and how they are implemented in American Indian substance use prevention contexts. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this systematic review was to determine how TBPs are implemented and shared in the context of tribal substance use prevention...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120275/ethnic-differences-in-psychosocial-factors-in-methadone-maintenance-hmong-versus-non-hmong
#3
Gavin Bart
Little is known about the characteristics of U.S.-based Asian populations undergoing methadone maintenance treatment for opioid use disorders. We evaluated psychosocial factors in 76 Hmong and 130 non-Hmong on methadone maintenance for at least two months in a single urban methadone maintenance clinic. Assessments included the Addiction Severity Index 5th Edition, the Symptom Checklist-90, and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders. The Hmong were older, predominately male, and on lower doses of methadone than the non-Hmong...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077537/foreword-ethnographic-methods-in-the-study-of-ethnicity-in-substance-abuse
#4
Andrew J Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068775/children-exposed-to-alcohol-related-problems-and-dsm-5-alcohol-use-disorder-in-san-juan-puerto-rico
#5
Raul Caetano, Patrice A C Vaeth, Glorisa Canino
This article estimates the proportion of children (17 and younger) exposed to an adult with an alcohol problem or alcohol use disorder (AUD) in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Data are from a household random sample of 1,510 individuals 18-64 years of age. A total of 20.9% of children in sample households were exposed to an adult with an alcohol problem, and 5.7% were exposed to an adult with DSM-5 AUD. These considerable proportions suggest that alcohol treatment and family support programs should include help for adults in the family, and special support for exposed children in the household...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068770/determinants-of-driving-under-the-influence-of-alcohol-or-drugs-among-latino-immigrants-in-miami-dade-county-florida
#6
Eduardo Romano, Mariana Sánchez, Mario De La Rosa, Benjamin Ertman
Little is known about the pre- and postimmigration drinking and drunk- and drugged-driving behavior of Latino immigrants. Despite showing risky drinking behaviors, many recent immigrants of low socioeconomic status (SES) do not drive while impaired by alcohol (DWI) due largely to limited access to a vehicle. This effort examines the DWI and driving while impaired by drugs (DWID) behaviors of Latino immigrants who have access to a vehicle. Data came from an ongoing longitudinal sample of Latino immigrants to Miami-Dade County, Florida...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035159/unintended-consequences-of-local-alcohol-restrictions-in-rural-alaska
#7
Kristen A Ogilvie
Since 1981, Alaskans have had the ability to enact by referendum local restrictions in alcohol sales, importation, and possession, known as "local options." Intended to empower rural communities to reduce alcohol abuse and associated violence and trauma, the "local option" laws have led to unintended consequences as individuals in alcohol-restricted communities seek intoxication from both legal and illegal sources of alcohol. Based on 68 interviews with 72 community members in eight rural sites in Alaska, this article examines these unintended consequences of local options restrictions and provides context to the challenges rural communities face in implementing alcohol policies...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035158/humanizing-folk-devils-using-ethnography
#8
Peter L Myers
The sociological concepts of the "moral panic" and the deviant "folk devil" apply to the drug panics in the United States over methamphetamine, heroin, and crack cocaine. Mothers or pregnant women who smoke crack cocaine, and their babies, are assigned exaggerated "demonic" attributes that result in stigma and societal rejection. Otherwise, ethnographic studies of drug users demonstrate realities that are other than what might be considered were one to merely look at their use and the consequences. These considerations are examined with respect to the image of folk devils, methadone program attendees, smokers of "blunts," opium den habitués, and others grouped together as negative influences as a result of their drug habits...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035155/effects-of-social-and-spatial-contexts-on-young-latinas-methamphetamine-use-initiation
#9
Ann M Cheney, Christine N Newkirk, Vhuhwavho M Nekhavhambe, Matthew Baron Rotondi, Alison Hamilton
In this article, we examine methamphetamine (meth) use initiation as influenced by Latinas' social positions within institutions (e.g., family and economy). We conducted ethnographic fieldwork in five women's residential substance use treatment facilities in Los Angeles County with women who considered meth to be their primary drug of choice. Using an urban ethnographic framing, we demonstrate the effects of low-income young Latinas' spatial- and social-context rendered vulnerability to abuse and neglect, and the resulting emotional distress, on meth use initiation...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035154/ethnographic-research-in-immigrant-specific-drug-abuse-recovery-houses
#10
Anna Pagano, Juliet P Lee, Victor García, Carlos Recarte
Access to study populations is a major concern for drug use and treatment researchers. Spaces related to drug use and treatment have varying levels of researcher accessibility based on several issues, including legality, public versus private settings, and insider/outsider status. Ethnographic research methods are indispensable for gaining and maintaining access to hidden or "hard-to-reach" populations. Here, we discuss our long-term ethnographic research on drug abuse recovery houses created by and for Latino migrants and immigrants in Northern California...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898165/internalized-stigma-among-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#11
Siddharth Sarkar, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Saurabh Kumar, Vinay Saini, Akriti Kamran, Vaibhav Patil, Swarndeep Singh, Shreeya Gyawali
Internalized stigma among individuals with substance use disorders is a major barrier for accessing mental health services. This study aimed to assess internalized stigma among individuals with substance use disorders and to assess the relationship of internalized stigma with the quality of life. This cross-sectional study recruited 201 patients with a clinical diagnosis of at least opioid or alcohol use disorder according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 at a public-funded tertiary care center in India...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846065/race-and-socioeconomic-status-in-substance-use-progression-and-treatment-entry
#12
Ben Lewis, Lauren Hoffman, Christian C Garcia, Sara Jo Nixon
This study examined trajectories of progression from early substance use to treatment entry as a function of race, among inpatient treatment seekers (N = 945). Following primary race-contingent analyses of use progression, secondary analyses were conducted to investigate the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on the observed differences. African Americans reported significant delays in treatment entry relative to Caucasians. Racial differences in alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine use trajectories were observed...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846057/examining-marianismo-gender-role-attitudes-ethnic-identity-mental-health-and-substance-use-in-mexican-american-early-adolescent-girls
#13
Delida Sanchez, Elizabeth A Vandewater, Emma R Hamilton
Given the increased trend in substance use patterns among Latina adolescents in recent years, the need for research that identifies gender-specific and culturally relevant protective factors is essential in tailoring interventions. The current study examined the links between marianismo gender role attitudes, ethnic identity, and substance use abstinence among 277 low-income Mexican American early adolescent girls. Mental health was also examined as a potential moderator in these links. Results of linear regression analysis revealed that familismo, virtuous/chaste, and spiritual marianismo gender role attitudes were predictive of stronger ethnic identity; conversely, self-silencing marianismo attitudes were predictive of weaker ethnic identity...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820672/association-of-religion-and-cultural-tradition-with-alcohol-use-among-some-tribal-communities-of-arunachal-pradesh-india
#14
Himanshu K Chaturvedi, Ram C Bajpai, Preeti Tiwari
Arunachal Pradesh, a land of high mountains and dense forest, is home to many tribal communities, which comprise two thirds of the state's population. Alcohol is one of the common addictive substances used traditionally among them despite much awareness about its harmful effect on health. The present study is focused on finding the association of religion, ethnicity, and demographic characteristics with alcohol use among some tribal communities in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted on substance use in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820664/association-of-socioeconomic-status-with-consumption-of-cigarettes-illicit-drugs-and-alcohol
#15
Maryam Marzban, Maryam Hadji, Mahin Gholipour, Hamideh Rashidian, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Jafar Hasanzadeh, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Reza Ghiasvand, Abdolvahab Moradi, Hossein Khavari-Daneshvar, Elisabete Weiderpass, Farin Kamangar, Kazem Zendehdel
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Socioeconomic Status (SES) is considered as one of the important factors associated with use of various drugs. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of SES on cigarette smoking, alcohol use, drug use, and passive exposure to opium and cigarette smoke. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, which is part of a multicenter case-control study, the research hypothesis was checked among controls who had referred to hospitals. Data were collected through a questionnaire and laboratory tests to determine the actual consumers of opium and other illicit drugs...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805530/health-related-quality-of-life-in-alcohol-dependence-similar-cross-cultural-impact-beyond-specific-drinking-habits
#16
Amandine Luquiens, Lynn Owens, Diane Whalley, Nora Rahhali, Philippe Laramée, Rebecca Crawford, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Bruno Falissard, Henri-Jean Aubin
This study explores sociocultural differences in alcohol-related impact on quality of life between France and United Kingdom. We included 38 alcohol-dependent patients in France and United Kingdom in 10 focus groups. We used a text-mining approach. Three classes of each corpus regarded identical themes across the countries: (a) core impact on quality of life, (b) drinking habits, (c) sources of help. Core impact was similar between the two countries. Main differences were in drinking habits and referral to sources of help...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708013/psychometric-evaluation-of-an-abbreviated-version-of-the-intragroup-marginalization-inventory
#17
Jasmin Llamas, Louisa M Holmes, Nadra E Lisha, Pamela M Ling
Tobacco and marijuana use among U.S. young adults is a top public health concern, and racial/ethnic minorities may be at particular risk. Past research examining cultural variables has focused on the individual in relation to the mainstream U.S. culture; however, an individual can also experience within-group stress, or intragroup marginalization. We used the 2014 San Francisco Bay Area Young Adult Health Survey to validate an abbreviated measure of intragroup marginalization and identify associations between intragroup marginalization and tobacco and marijuana use among ethnic minority young adults (N = 1,058)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708010/the-cost-of-minority-stress-risky-alcohol-use-and-coping-motivated-drinking-behavior-in-african-american-college-students
#18
Delishia M Pittman, Jessica J Brooks, Paramjit Kaur, Ezemenari M Obasi
A motivational drinking framework is utilized to understand the relationship between minority stressors (e.g., race-related stress and acculturative stress) and alcohol use behaviors (risky alcohol use and coping-motivated drinking) among a large sample of Black American college students. Six hundred forty-nine Black college students from 8 colleges and universities in the United States were recruited as part of a large, multiwave, cross-sectional study investigating the stress and coping experiences of Black emerging adults...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678683/perceived-injunctive-norms-and-cannabis-related-problems-the-interactive-influence-of-parental-injunctive-norms-and-race
#19
Anthony H Ecker, Kimberlye E Dean, Julia D Buckner, Dawn W Foster
Cannabis use among college students is associated with negative consequences, including those that can negatively affect academic functioning. Perceived descriptive and injunctive norms are among the strongest predictors of college cannabis use and related problems, and perceived norms differentially relate to cannabis outcomes depending on the reference group (e.g., close friends, family members). However, no known studies have examined the effect of race on these relationships. Yet, given that African American students are more strongly affected by parental influence than Caucasian students and that they endorse more social motives for cannabis use, African American students may be affected by perceived norms regarding parents and friends differentially from Caucasian students...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678649/do-painkillers-serve-as-hillbilly-heroin-for-rural-adults-with-high-levels-of-psychosocial-stress
#20
Pamela Black, Helen M Hendy
Nonmedical use of painkillers has increased in recent years, with some authors suggesting that painkillers serve as "hillbilly heroin": a drug chosen by rural adults to cope with psychosocial stresses in their lives. The present study compared rural and urban adults for their reported use of 5 drugs during the past year (painkillers, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin) and for associations between these 5 drugs and their reported psychosocial stressors. This study conducted secondary analyses of anonymous survey data provided by the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health with responses from 8,699 rural and 18,481 urban adults...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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