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Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

Courtney McKnight, Martha Shumway, Carmen L Masson, Enrique R Pouget, Ashly E Jordan, Don C Des Jarlais, James L Sorensen, David C Perlman
People who use drugs (PWUDs) are at increased risk for several medical conditions, yet they delay seeking medical care and utilize emergency departments (EDs) as their primary source of care. Limited research regarding perceived discrimination and PWUDs' use of health care services exists. This study explores the association between interpersonal and institutional racial/ethnic and drug use discrimination in health care settings and health care utilization among respondents (N = 192) recruited from methadone maintenance treatment programs (36%), HIV primary care clinics (35%), and syringe exchange programs (29%) in New York City (n = 88) and San Francisco (n = 104)...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Leah E Squires, Tibor P Palfai, Don Allensworth-Davies, Debbie M Cheng, Judith Bernstein, Nancy Kressin, Richard Saitz
Blacks who use drugs are at heightened risk for health problems. Discrimination experiences may contribute to these risks by influencing health behaviors. This study examined associations between discrimination, racial identity, and health behaviors (alcohol use, cigarette smoking, low physical activity, and unprotected [condomless] sex) in a sample of 203 Black primary-care patients who reported current drug use. Logistic regression analyses did not find direct effects of discrimination or identity on outcomes...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Lynn Wallisch, Sarah E Zemore, Guilherme Borges, Cheryl J Cherpitel, Jane C Maxwell
Risk for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) may be higher in U.S. and Mexico border cities as compared to nonborder cities in each country. We examine rates and correlates of self-reported DUI arrests or stops on both sides of the border, drawing on a large-scale survey of 4,796 Mexicans and Mexican Americans in border and nonborder cities of Texas and two states in Mexico. Findings varied by site and country and did not consistently show higher rates on the border. DUI prevention efforts should consider the heterogeneity of local conditions and needs...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
George Pro, Ethan Sahker, Miesha Marzell
This study examines the association between exposure to microaggressions and marijuana use, using original survey data from a sample of racial/ethnic minority college students (n = 332) from a large Division I university in the United States. Nearly all of our sample (96%) reported at least one experience with microaggressions in the past 6 months, while 33% reported using marijuana regularly. We modeled regular use of marijuana using multiple logistic regression, with consideration of sex, age, race/ethnicity, and microaggression scale scores as covariates...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Danielle P Cottonham, Michael B Madson, Bonnie C Nicholson, Richard S Mohn
African American college women are experiencing sex-related negative consequences at alarming rates. Alcohol use and alcohol-related sex expectancies are predictors of risky sexual behavior among college women; however, African American college women are often underrepresented in empirical studies. The purpose of the present study was to examine the link between alcohol-related sex expectancies (i.e., enhancement, sexual risk taking, and disinhibition expectancies), alcohol use, and risky sexual behavior among a sample of 222 sexually active African American female college drinkers...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Noelle Fearn, Michael G Vaughn
Previous research indicates that drug use is common among incarcerated populations. However, much less research attention has been focused on drug use among female inmates, especially while in prison. The goal of this research was to examine the prevalence and correlates of in-prison drug use among women prisoners. Data were drawn from a random sample of women incarcerated in four regions of Spain in 2014. Self-report assessments of alcohol and drug use were collected. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression models were employed to examine relationships in the data...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Marie Claire Van Hout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Judith Bernstein, Edward Bernstein, Dantia Hudson, Candice Belanoff, Howard J Cabral, Cheryl J Cherpitel, Jason Bond, Yu Ye, Robert Woolard, Susana Villalobos, Rebeca Ramos
In this study, we investigate the role of gender in prevalence and consequences of binge drinking and brief intervention outcomes among Mexican-origin young adults aged 18-30 years at the U.S.-Mexico border. We conducted a secondary analysis, stratified by gender, from a randomized controlled trial of a brief motivational intervention in a hospital emergency department. Intervention effects for males included reductions in drinking frequency, binge drinking, and alcohol-related consequences. For females the intervention was associated with reduction in drinking frequency and binge drinking but did not have a significant effect on alcohol-related consequences...
January 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Mariano Kanamori, Jessica Weissman, Mario De La Rosa, James Melton, Mariana Sanchez, Patria Rojas, Mary Jo Trekpa
We examined the perception of adolescent children's marijuana use and its consequences in the Hispanic seasonal farmworking community of South Florida via three focus groups with Hispanic adult female seasonal workers (n = 29). The women described how adolescents' marijuana use increased over the past five years. Social networks for marijuana use were reported near schools and bus stations. Although participants expressed concern over adolescent marijuana use and involvement in selling marijuana, they reported that their job demands preclude their ability to supervise their children...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Marie Claire Van Hout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Sihyun Park, Karen G Schepp, Dahye Park
Children of alcoholics (COAs) are those who have grown up with parental alcoholism. The purpose of this study was to understand the lives of Korean COAs within a Korean cultural context, influenced by Confucianism. Prior literature has extensively reported about the adverse life experiences of COAs related to their alcohol dependent parents. Indeed, most of these studies assume the U.S.- or Western-centric perspective. However, in order to provide culture-specific care, health professionals who provide care for diverse ethnic families have to understand the cultural influences on the families which have an ill family member...
October 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Oralia Loza, Rebeca Ramos, João Ferreira-Pinto, Maria Teresa Hernandez, Susana A Villalobos
The purpose of this study is to extend the research on contextual factors that influence the initiation and continued use of methamphetamine (meth) by women on the U.S.-Mexico border. At present, a minimal body of literature exists that explores meth use on the Mexico-U.S. border. A purposeful sample of 20 women who were active meth users aged ≥18 years was recruited by trained outreach workers from a variety of meth-user networks in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, the city bordering El Paso, Texas. Respondents participated in in-depth, semi-structured interviews including questions on users' perceived familial, social, and environmental influences of meth use...
October 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Carie L Forden, Amy M Carrillo
To assess smoking behavior, knowledge of smoking harm, and attitudes toward campus smoking policy at an Egyptian university, an online survey of students, staff, and faculty was conducted (N = 992). The smoking prevalence of 38% among men was in line with Egypt's national average, but the smoking prevalence among women of 20% was much higher than the national average. Smoking status influenced beliefs about smoking harm and attitudes toward smoking policy, with nonsmokers having stronger beliefs about the harm of smoking and showing stronger support for smoking regulations than smokers...
October 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Aleksandra J Snowden
This study examined the role that race/ethnicity and social disorganization play in alcohol availability in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, census block groups. This study estimated negative binomial regression models to examine separately the relationship between neighborhood racial/ethnic composition and social disorganization levels for (1) total, (2) on-premise, and (3) off-premise alcohol outlets. Results of this study suggest that proportion Hispanic was positively associated with total and with off-premise alcohol outlets...
October 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Kenneth M Pass, Sinead N Younge, Angelica Geter, Maliyhah Al-Bayan, Bruce H Wade
Emerging adult Black men and substance users may have an increased risk for compromised sexual health. This study qualitatively investigated how substance use affects the sexual decision-making of emerging adult Black men. Nineteen Black men in college (18-24 years) completed a semi-structured interview about their sexual attitudes, behaviors, and perceptions and their substance use. Results show that substance use may not independently affect sexual risk behavior among emerging adult Black men. Findings highlight the importance of using approaches that incorporate structural and sociocultural factors when framing research and interventions related to substance use, sexual decision making, and Black men...
October 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Richard Isralowitz, Alexander Reznik, Itay Pruginin
A common treatment intervention for heroin addiction is methadone maintenance. In recent years a wider perspective has been adapted to understand and evaluate addiction through quality of life. This article examines quality of life conditions of 170 male former Soviet Union and Israeli origin drug users in methadone maintenance and provides an understanding of conditions linked to the World Health Organization Quality of Life project's best available techniques reference document. Having a partner or spouse and less chronic illness are positive factors affecting quality of life regardless of country of origin...
October 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Lesia M Ruglass, Annelisa Pedersen, Soumia Cheref, Mei-Chen Hu, Denise A Hien
We conducted a secondary data analysis to examine whether there were racial differences in adherence and treatment outcomes for participants with co-occurring full and subthreshold post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol/substance use disorders (A/SUD) who were treated with Seeking Safety (a cognitive-behavioral therapy) and sertraline or Seeking Safety and placebo as part of a clinical trial. Bivarate analyses examined the association between race and adherence, and generalized estimating equations assessed whether race moderated the effect of combination treatment on PTSD and alcohol use outcomes...
October 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Rabia Bilici, Dilek Beker Şanlı, Özgür Süner, Serhat Çıtak, Filiz İzci
We aimed to investigate sociodemographic characteristics of individuals under a supervised probation program used in Turkey and to compare characteristics of noncompliant versus no-need-to-treat individuals in order to determine the effect of sociodemographic characteristics on success of the supervised probation program. In total, 4,006 individuals who submitted to the supervised probation program of our hospital were evaluated retrospectively from patient data and follow-up records. The mean age of patients was 28...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Sarah E Zemore, Nina Mulia, Edwina Williams, Paul A Gilbert
We used the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to test whether the association between job loss and incidence of alcohol dependence differed across Blacks and Whites. Respondents were interviewed annually from 1979 to 1994; DSM-IV dependence was assessed in 1989 and 1994. Analyses included only those employed in 1989 and involved lagged logistic regressions predicting past-year dependence in 1994 from job loss during 1990-1993. Unexpectedly, results showed stronger and more robust associations between job loss and dependence among Whites (AOR = 1...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Alfonso Mercado, Maria Ramirez, Rachita Sharma, Jason Popan, Maria Luisa Avalos Latorre
Although the association between acculturation and substance use among Latino groups is important, it is often understudied, especially within specific Latino groups living in geographically distinct communities, such as the Mexican American population in South Texas. The researchers of this study aimed to better understand the effect of acculturation on substance use and alcohol dependence in a Mexican American college student population. This survey study investigated the correlation between acculturation and substance use and dependence by using the Vancouver Index of Acculturation (VIA), items related to substance use (nicotine, marijuana, and cocaine) in a Mexican American college student sample (N = 1,494), and the Short Alcohol Dependence Data Questionnaire (SADD; N = 715)...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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