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Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524806/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-treatment-outcomes-among-adults-with-stimulant-use-disorders-after-a-dosed-exercise-intervention
#1
K Sanchez, T L Greer, R Walker, T Carmody, C D Rethorst, M H Trivedi
The current study examined differences in substance abuse treatment outcomes among racial and ethnic groups enrolled in the Stimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise (STRIDE) trial, a multisite randomized clinical trial implemented through the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA's) Clinical Trials Network (CTN). STRIDE aimed to test vigorous exercise as a novel approach to the treatment of stimulant abuse compared to a health education intervention. A hurdle model with a complier average causal effects (CACE) adjustment was used to provide an unbiased estimate of the exercise effect had all participants been adherent to exercise...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511029/conceptualizing-ethnicity-in-alcohol-and-drug-research-epidemiology-meets-social-theory
#2
Geoffrey Hunt, Torsten Kolind, Tamar Antin
Since the 1990s, social scientists have rejected notions of ethnicity as something static and discrete, instead highlighting the context-dependent and fluid nature of multiple identities. In spite of these developments, researchers within the substance use fields continue to assess ethnic group categories in ways that suggest little critical reflection in terms of the validity of the measurements themselves, nor the social, bureaucratic, and political decisions shaping standard measures of ethnicity. This paper highlights these considerations, while also acknowledging the role of socially-delineated ethnic categorizations in documenting health inequities and social injustices...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489512/ethnoracial-differences-in-cannabis-use-among-native-born-and-foreign-born-high-school-students-in-ontario
#3
Hayley A Hamilton, Akwasi Owusu-Bempah, Angela Boak, Robert E Mann
The objective of this study was to examine the association of ethnoracial background and immigrant status to cannabis use among students in Ontario, Canada. Data were derived from the Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, a school-based, province-wide survey of students in Grades 7-12. The survey utilized a stratified two-stage cluster design. Analyses were based on a pooled subsample of 12,527 students in Grades 9-12 during the 2011 and 2013 survey cycles and included adjustments for the complex sample design...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448209/solution-focused-brief-therapy-for-chilean-primary-care-patients-exploring-a-linguistic-adaptation
#4
Karla González Suitt, Cynthia Franklin, Rayen Cornejo, Yessenia Castro, Sara Smock Jordan
Solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) is a resource-based, future-oriented therapeutic approach that focuses on finding exceptions to problems and identifying coping strategies to build solutions. SFBT has been efficacious with individuals with alcohol use disorders. Chile experiences high levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related health consequences. Despite the international dissemination of SFBT, this is the first study to attempt a linguistic adaptation of SFBT in a Latin American country. We conducted 9 cognitive interviews to examine 13 translated main SFBT tools and 3 focus groups to gather information on cultural aspects of alcohol use in primary care...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441119/comparable-efficacy-of-behavioral-and-pharmacological-treatments-among-african-american-and-white-cocaine-users
#5
LaTrice Montgomery, Kathleen M Carroll
Multiple randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have evaluated a range of treatments for cocaine dependence, but few of these have focused specifically on the racial diversity observed among cocaine-dependent patients. The present analyses evaluated racial variation in cocaine use and addiction-related psychosocial outcomes at baseline and follow-up among 388 African American and White adults participating in 1 of 5 RCTs evaluating a range of pharmacological and behavioral treatments for cocaine use disorders. General linear modeling (GLM) indicated significant racial variation in cocaine and psychosocial indicators at baseline...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441113/research-with-american-indian-and-alaska-native-populations-measurement-matters
#6
Melissa L Walls, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Allison Barlow, Michelle Sarche
Research is an important tool in addressing myriad American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) health disparities; however, tensions exist between common empirical measurement approaches that facilitate cross-cultural comparisons and measurement specificity that may be more valid locally and/or culturally appropriate. The tremendous diversity of AIAN communities, small population sizes of distinct AIAN cultural groups, and varying cultural contexts and worldviews should influence measurement decisions in health research...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441090/religious-involvement-and-marijuana-use-among-a-sample-of-african-american-young-adults
#7
Michael Parrish, John Taylor
Is religiosity associated with African American drug use? Despite the increased research attention that has been devoted to the topic, findings to date have been inconclusive. To address this issue, we analyze data from a sample of 434 young adults residing in Miami-Dade County Florida. We find that, of the four dimensions of religiosity considered here, only religious attendance is inversely related to marijuana use for men and women. The implications of these findings are discussed.
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441088/video-enabled-cue-exposure-based-intervention-improves-postdischarge-drinking-outcomes-among-alcohol-dependent-men-a-prospective-study-at-a-government-addiction-treatment-setting-in-india
#8
Prasanthi Nattala, Pratima Murthy, Kit Sang Leung, Sreevani Rentala, Jayashree Ramakrishna
Returning to alcohol use following inpatient treatment occurs due to various real life cues/triggers. It is a challenge to demonstrate to patients how to deal with these triggers during inpatient treatment. Aims of the current study were (a) to evaluate the effectiveness of video-enabled cue-exposure-based intervention (VE-CEI) in influencing treatment outcomes in alcohol dependence, (b) to identify postdischarge predictors of intervention failure (returning to ≥50% of baseline alcohol consumption quantity/day)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375809/cannabis-cultivation-within-a-religious-context-a-case-study-of-ghomara-in-the-rif-mountain-northern-morocco
#9
Meklach Yassin, Randolph Haluza-Delay, Mohamed Kadiri, Abdeltif El Ouahrani, Joaquin Molero Mesa, Abderrahmane Merzouki
To understand the relationship between Muslim religious attitudes and the growing/consumption of cannabis, we surveyed 251 residents and conducted interviews in Northern Morocco. The local population is Ghomarian, an ethnic group of Berber heritage that experienced socioeconomic marginalization. Cannabis is grown throughout the region, despite Islamic legal code (shari'a) that makes cannabis, like any substances that alter consciousness, illicit (haram). The survey aimed to gather (a) the perceptions of the local population toward the cultivation of cannabis and its consumption and (b) their attitudes and intention to abandon or to continue this activity despite its unlawful aspect under Islamic legislation (Shari'a)...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375715/emotional-alienation-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-perceived-discrimination-and-alcohol-use-among-immigrant-adolescents-in-israel
#10
Sophie D Walsh, Maya Sagis-Krebs, Ashi Gross
Perceived discrimination has been found to be a predictor of immigrant adolescent involvement in alcohol use, yet the psychological mechanism behind this relationship has not been well explored. Drawing on strain theory and the motivational model of alcohol use, the current study aimed to develop and test a concept of emotional alienation. In the proposed model, it is when experiences of discrimination are internalized into painful feelings of detachment, anger, rejection, and failure that the immigrant adolescent may turn to alcohol use...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375699/vida-pura-an-assessment-of-the-fidelity-of-promotor-delivered-screening-and-brief-intervention-to-reduce-unhealthy-alcohol-use-among-latino-day-laborers
#11
Samantha E Serrano, Kelly Serafini, Nikki Eller, Vanessa N Torres, Dennis Donovan, India J Ornelas
We assessed the fidelity of promotores conducting screening and brief intervention (SBI) to reduce unhealthy alcohol use among Latino immigrant day laborers in the Vida PURA study. We reviewed 32 audio-recorded brief interventions to assess promotor adherence to the intervention protocol and to evaluate their motivational interviewing (MI) technique with the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) 4.2.1 tool. Promotores delivered three core intervention steps in 78% of recordings and achieved basic MI competence across all domains and proficiency in 50% of measures...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368740/racial-ethnic-subgroup-differences-in-outcomes-and-acceptability-of-an-internet-delivered-intervention-for-substance-use-disorders
#12
A N C Campbell, L Montgomery, K Sanchez, M Pavlicova, M Hu, H Newville, L Weaver, E V Nunes
The Therapeutic Education System (TES), an Internet version of the Community Reinforcement Approach plus prize-based motivational incentives, is one of few empirically supported technology-based interventions. To date, however, there has not been a study exploring differences in substance use outcomes or acceptability of TES among racial/ethnic subgroups. This study uses data from a multisite (N = 10) effectiveness study of TES to explore whether race/ethnicity subgroups (White [n = 267], Black/African American [n = 112], and Hispanic/Latino [n = 55])moderate the effect of TES...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368707/racial-ethnic-variation-in-mental-health-correlates-of-substance-use-among-college-students
#13
Stephanie Sumstine, Sheena Cruz, Cassandra Schroeder, Summer Takeda, Niloofar Bavarian
This study investigated mental health indicators, substance use, and their relationships, by race/ethnicity. A probability sample of 1,053 students at two California universities self-reported their frequency of substance use and rated their experience with indicators of mental health. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), chi-square tests, and multivariate censored regression models were estimated to examine which indicators of mental health were associated with each substance use form by race/ethnicity. Results from the one-way ANOVA and chi-square tests showed differences in substance use prevalence and mental health by race/ethnicity...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368690/strength-in-the-midst-of-pain-abuse-as-a-predictor-of-sexual-relationship-power-among-substance-abusing-black-women
#14
Chizara Ahuama-Jonas, Kathleen Burlew, Aimee Campbell, Susan Tross
The aim of this research was to explore the association of abuse experiences (child sexual abuse and adult physical/sexual violence) to sexual relationship power among Black substance-abusing women. The study was a secondary analysis of baseline data collected from 124 Black women in 12 drug treatment programs across the United States who initially participated in an HIV risk reduction trial conducted within the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368681/does-change-in-readiness-influence-retention-among-african-american-women-and-men-in-substance-abuse-treatment
#15
LaTrice Montgomery, A Kathleen Burlew, Jeffrey E Korte
African Americans are less likely than other racial groups to engage in and complete outpatient substance abuse treatment. The current study, conducted as a secondary analysis of a multisite randomized clinical trial, examined whether readiness to change (RTC) over time influences retention and whether gender moderates the relationship between changes in RTC and retention among 194 African American women and men. Participants completed the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment at baseline and at the end of the 16-week study...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306386/perceived-discrimination-among-racial-and-ethnic-minority-drug-users-and-the-association-with-health-care-utilization
#16
Courtney McKnight, Martha Shumway, Carmen L Masson, Enrique R Pouget, Ashly E Jordan, Don C Des Jarlais, James L Sorensen, David C Perlman
People who use drugs (PWUDs) are at increased risk for several medical conditions, yet they delay seeking medical care and utilize emergency departments (EDs) as their primary source of care. Limited research regarding perceived discrimination and PWUDs' use of health care services exists. This study explores the association between interpersonal and institutional racial/ethnic and drug use discrimination in health care settings and health care utilization among respondents (N = 192) recruited from methadone maintenance treatment programs (36%), HIV primary care clinics (35%), and syringe exchange programs (29%) in New York City (n = 88) and San Francisco (n = 104)...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281940/perceived-discrimination-racial-identity-and-health-behaviors-among-black-primary-care-patients-who-use-drugs
#17
Leah E Squires, Tibor P Palfai, Don Allensworth-Davies, Debbie M Cheng, Judith Bernstein, Nancy Kressin, Richard Saitz
Blacks who use drugs are at heightened risk for health problems. Discrimination experiences may contribute to these risks by influencing health behaviors. This study examined associations between discrimination, racial identity, and health behaviors (alcohol use, cigarette smoking, low physical activity, and unprotected [condomless] sex) in a sample of 203 Black primary-care patients who reported current drug use. Logistic regression analyses did not find direct effects of discrimination or identity on outcomes...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281916/prevalence-and-correlates-of-arrests-or-stops-for-drunk-driving-on-both-sides-of-the-u-s-mexico-border
#18
Lynn Wallisch, Sarah E Zemore, Guilherme Borges, Cheryl J Cherpitel, Jane C Maxwell
Risk for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) may be higher in U.S. and Mexico border cities as compared to nonborder cities in each country. We examine rates and correlates of self-reported DUI arrests or stops on both sides of the border, drawing on a large-scale survey of 4,796 Mexicans and Mexican Americans in border and nonborder cities of Texas and two states in Mexico. Findings varied by site and country and did not consistently show higher rates on the border. DUI prevention efforts should consider the heterogeneity of local conditions and needs...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277943/microaggressions-and-marijuana-use-among-college-students
#19
George Pro, Ethan Sahker, Miesha Marzell
This study examines the association between exposure to microaggressions and marijuana use, using original survey data from a sample of racial/ethnic minority college students (n = 332) from a large Division I university in the United States. Nearly all of our sample (96%) reported at least one experience with microaggressions in the past 6 months, while 33% reported using marijuana regularly. We modeled regular use of marijuana using multiple logistic regression, with consideration of sex, age, race/ethnicity, and microaggression scale scores as covariates...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166487/harmful-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-related-sex-expectancies-as-predictors-of-risky-sex-among-african-american-female-college-drinkers
#20
Danielle P Cottonham, Michael B Madson, Bonnie C Nicholson, Richard S Mohn
African American college women are experiencing sex-related negative consequences at alarming rates. Alcohol use and alcohol-related sex expectancies are predictors of risky sexual behavior among college women; however, African American college women are often underrepresented in empirical studies. The purpose of the present study was to examine the link between alcohol-related sex expectancies (i.e., enhancement, sexual risk taking, and disinhibition expectancies), alcohol use, and risky sexual behavior among a sample of 222 sexually active African American female college drinkers...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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