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Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594380/sociodemographic-characteristics-of-turkish-patients-who-violated-a-supervised-probation-program
#1
Rabia Bilici, Dilek Beker Şanlı, Özgür Süner, Serhat Çıtak, Filiz İzci
We aimed to investigate sociodemographic characteristics of individuals under a supervised probation program used in Turkey and to compare characteristics of noncompliant versus no-need-to-treat individuals in order to determine the effect of sociodemographic characteristics on success of the supervised probation program. In total, 4,006 individuals who submitted to the supervised probation program of our hospital were evaluated retrospectively from patient data and follow-up records. The mean age of patients was 28...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594166/job-loss-and-alcohol-dependence-among-blacks-and-whites-in-a-national-longitudinal-survey
#2
Sarah E Zemore, Nina Mulia, Edwina Williams, Paul A Gilbert
We used the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to test whether the association between job loss and incidence of alcohol dependence differed across Blacks and Whites. Respondents were interviewed annually from 1979 to 1994; DSM-IV dependence was assessed in 1989 and 1994. Analyses included only those employed in 1989 and involved lagged logistic regressions predicting past-year dependence in 1994 from job loss during 1990-1993. Unexpectedly, results showed stronger and more robust associations between job loss and dependence among Whites (AOR = 1...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533106/acculturation-and-substance-use-in-a-mexican-american-college-student-sample
#3
Alfonso Mercado, Maria Ramirez, Rachita Sharma, Jason Popan, Maria Luisa Avalos Latorre
Although the association between acculturation and substance use among Latino groups is important, it is often understudied, especially within specific Latino groups living in geographically distinct communities, such as the Mexican American population in South Texas. The researchers of this study aimed to better understand the effect of acculturation on substance use and alcohol dependence in a Mexican American college student population. This survey study investigated the correlation between acculturation and substance use and dependence by using the Vancouver Index of Acculturation (VIA), items related to substance use (nicotine, marijuana, and cocaine) in a Mexican American college student sample (N = 1,494), and the Short Alcohol Dependence Data Questionnaire (SADD; N = 715)...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436588/substance-use-gender-and-generation-status-among-asian-indians-in-the-united-states
#4
Gagan S Khera, Nadine Nakamura
This study examined substance use (cigarette, alcohol, and illicit drug) among first- and second-generation Asian Indian women and men (n = 1,209; ages 18-34) living in the United States. Participants reported low rates of substance use compared to national averages. First-generation participants reported lower rates of substance. Men were more likely to have used alcohol and tried cigarettes. Within the first generation, gender differences were only significant for alcohol, but within the second generation, gender differences were significant for all three substances...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436513/sociocultural-determinants-of-substance-misuse-among-adult-latinas-of-caribbean-and-south-and-central-american-descent-a-longitudinal-study-of-a-community-based-sample
#5
Mario De La Rosa, Hui Huang, Judith S Brook, Mariana Sanchez, Patria Rojas, Mariano Kanamori, Miguel Ángel Cano, Marcos Martinez
Few studies have examined the socio-cultural determinants of alcohol and drug misuse trajectories among adult Latinas. To assess the associations between socio-cultural determinants and alcohol and drug misuse, we used a longitudinal design to follow a sample of adult Latina mother-daughter-dyads (N = 267) for ten years, and collected four waves of data. They were adult Latinas of Caribbean, South and Central American descent. Specifically, this study investigated the effects of the following factors: (1) Individual Determinants (e...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436415/evaluating-alcohol-use-among-russian-women-at-risk-for-an-alcohol-exposed-pregnancy-a-comparison-of-three-measures-of-alcohol-use
#6
Tatiana Balachova, Linda Carter Sobell, Sangeeta Agrawal, Galina Isurina, Larissa Tsvetkova, Elena Volkova, Som Bohora
The Quick Drinking Screen (QDS) and Timeline Followback (TLFB), measures of alcohol use, have yielded similar reports of drinking with English speakers. The present study, a secondary data analysis, compared three measures of alcohol use (i.e., QDS, TLFB, and AUDIT) among Russian-speaking women. This is the first study to compare all three measures. This study replicated the findings of studies with English speakers and demonstrated that brief screening measures (QDS, AUDIT) provide reliable summary measures of alcohol use when compared to a detailed drinking measure (TLFB)...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404977/sociodemographic-and-access-related-correlates-of-health-care-utilization-among-african-american-injection-drug-users-the-besure-study
#7
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Christine Powell, Ju Park, Colin Flynn, Danielle German
Persons who inject drugs (PWID) may have less access to, and utilization of, health-care services, and African American PWID may be less likely than other racial groups to utilize health care in the United States. The present study evaluated the prevalence of health-care utilization (HCU) among a cohort of African American PWID in Baltimore. Data were from the 2012 Baltimore National HIV Behavioral Surveillance study. Participants were adult PWID and recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS). They completed a comprehensive sociobehavioral survey and voluntary HIV test with trained study interviewers...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404914/attitudes-toward-medication-assisted-treatment-among-fishermen-in-kuantan-malaysia-who-inject-drugs
#8
Shan-Estelle Brown, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Alyssa R Pelletier, Ruthanne M Marcus, Rebecca Erenrich, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
Fishermen who inject drugs represent an understudied group at high risk for HIV in Malaysia. This study describes fishing, drug use, and attitudes toward medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorders. Thirty-four male ethnic Malay fishermen completed semistructured interviews analyzed by content analysis. Analysis revealed four themes surrounding opioids, which they called ubat ("medicine"): (a) the fishing lifestyle facilitating substance use, (b) previous unsuccessful attempts to quit, (c) categorizing substances as haram or halal, and (d) attitudes toward MAT...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403708/tobacco-policies-and-on-premise-smoking-in-bars-and-clubs-that-cater-to-young-african-americans-following-the-maryland-clean-indoor-air-act-of-2007
#9
Elizabeth D Nesoff, Adam J Milam, Lee R Bone, Frances A Stillman, Mieka J Smart, Kathleen S Hoke, C Debra M Furr-Holden
African American young adults ages 18-25 smoke less than their Caucasian peers, yet the burden of tobacco-related illness is significantly higher in African Americans than in Caucasians across the lifespan. Little is known about how clean indoor air laws affect tobacco smoking among African American young adults. We conducted a systematic observation of bars and clubs with events targeted to African American adults 18-25 in Baltimore City at two timepoints (October and November of 2008 and 2010) after enforcement of the Maryland Clean Indoor Air Act (CIAA)...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403635/american-indian-elders-share-personal-stories-of-alcohol-use-with-younger-tribal-members
#10
Sandra L Momper, Mary Kate Dennis, Amelia C Mueller-Williams
In this Great Lakes Indian reservation qualitative study we utilized focus groups in the form of talking circles to elicit tribal members' views of alcohol use. We report on how the elder participants utilized the talking circles to inform the youth of the deleterious effects of alcohol use and abuse. Indigenous research methods were utilized so elder tribal members were consulted about the study; an elder was hired as a research associate; youth were hired as note takers/observers; and the 2-hour groups were led by a tribal community member...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712563/announcement
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436329/foreword
#12
Marie Claire Van Hout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643869/binge-drinking-and-perceived-ethnic-discrimination-among-hispanics-latinos-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-sociocultural-ancillary-study
#13
India J Ornelas, Gwen T Lapham, Hugo Salgado, Emily C Williams, Nathan Gotman, Veronica Womack, Sonia Davis, Frank Penedo, Sylvia Smoller, Linda C Gallo
The study assessed whether overall perceived ethnic discrimination and four unique discrimination types were associated with binge drinking in participants from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos who also completed the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study (n = 5,313). In unadjusted analyses that were weighted for sampling strategy and design, each unit increase in discrimination type was associated with a 12-63% increase in odds of binge drinking; however, after adjusting for important demographic variables including age, sex, heritage group, language, and duration of U...
July 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26440938/religiosity-and-youth-substance-use-in-a-muslim-context
#14
Ali Unlu, Ismail Sahin
The literature shows that young people are more vulnerable than adults to substance use. Religiosity is one of the factors that has been considered to protect youth from substance use and has also been interpreted as contributing to the substance abuse recovery process. Conceptualizing religiosity as a multidimensional construct, this study aimed to investigate the influence of religiosity on substance use among youth. Three dimensions of religiosity-belief about religion, religious self-practice, and religious social environment-were examined as predictors of substance use...
July 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26430851/blood-is-thicker-than-booze-examining-the-role-of-familism-and-gender-in-alcohol-use-and-related-consequences-among-hispanic-college-students
#15
Angelo M DiBello, Rubi Gonzales, Chelsie M Young, Lindsey M Rodriguez, Clayton Neighbors
The present study evaluated cultural, ethnic, and gender differences in drinking and alcohol-related problems among Hispanic students. Familism protects against negative outcomes in Hispanic populations, thus we expected familism to buffer against alcohol problems. Participants (N = 623; 53% female) completed a battery of measures. Results suggested that familism was protective against drinking. Furthermore, alcohol use mediated the association between familism and alcohol-related problems. In sum, understanding that culture plays an important role in people's behaviors and identifying protective factors is critical to inform culturally sensitive prevention and intervention efforts...
July 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26422186/a-pilot-study-of-what-african-american-maternal-caregivers-and-their-adolescent-daughters-talk-about-when-asked-to-discuss-tobacco-together
#16
Rosalie Corona, Anna Yaros, Michell Pope, Efren Velazquez, Divinda Augustin
Parents play a critical role in shaping their children's substance use behaviors, yet few studies have examined the messages that caregivers give their adolescents about tobacco. In this study, we identify tobacco-related messages discussed by African American maternal caregivers and their adolescent daughters. Twenty-five African American maternal caregivers and their adolescent daughters participated in a video-taped discussion about tobacco. Discussions were transcribed and coded thematically. Seven themes emerged, which were grouped into tobacco-messages and communication strategies...
July 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26422064/cultural-differences-and-shame-in-an-expressive-writing-alcohol-intervention
#17
Lindsey M Rodriguez, Chelsie M Young, Clayton Neighbors, Reese Tou, Qian Lu
The present study evaluates the relationships between shame, culture, and drinking behavior in predicting drinking intentions in the context of an expressive writing intervention. Theory and empirical findings have generally found that shame is maladaptive and can lead to anxiety, depression, and problematic alcohol use. However, research on cultural differences suggests that shame may be differentially damaging to individuals of collectivist, Asian cultures. Previous research evaluating expressive writing as a brief alcohol intervention has shown promising results such as reduced drinking intentions and increased readiness to change drinking behavior...
July 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294812/a-comparison-of-african-american-and-caucasian-stimulant-users-in-12-step-facilitation-treatment
#18
K Michelle Peavy, Sharon Garrett, Suzanne Doyle, Dennis Donovan
Engagement in 12-step meetings and activities has been shown to be a powerful aid to recovery from substance use disorders. However, only limited attention has been given to ethnic and racial differences in attitudes toward 12-step and involvement. This study utilized data from a large multisite trial testing the effectiveness of a 12-step facilitation therapy with stimulant-dependent treatment seekers. We compared baseline differences and treatment outcomes between African American and Caucasian participants...
June 13, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294691/acculturative-stress-as-a-moderator-for-international-student-drinking-behaviors-and-alcohol-use-consequences
#19
Elizabeth N Hunt, Matthew P Martens, Kenneth T Wang, Grace C Yan
Drinking behaviors and alcohol use consequences can have a major effect on well-being in college student populations. Little research has addressed how the unique acculturative stress experiences of international students may affect their alcohol use and consequences. This study examined acculturative stress as a moderator of the relationship between international student drinking behaviors and alcohol use consequences. Data were collected from 175 international students and analyzed using hierarchal regression analysis to assess the moderating effect of acculturative stress...
June 13, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247084/alcohol-consumption-among-rural-african-american-and-white-adolescents-the-role-of-religion-parents-and-peers
#20
Danielle D Dickens, Danielle M Jackman, Linda R Stanley, Randall C Swaim, Ernest L Chavez
Although studies have examined ethnic differences in psychosocial factors and adolescent alcohol use, most have not examined these relationships for rural adolescents. The Community Drug and Alcohol Survey (CDAS) was completed by 23,163 rural adolescents attending African American secondary schools. Multilevel analysis tested the hypothesis of stronger relationships of peer use and religiosity with alcohol use and a weaker relationship for parental permissiveness and alcohol use for White compared to African American adolescents...
May 31, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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