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Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708013/psychometric-evaluation-of-an-abbreviated-version-of-the-intragroup-marginalization-inventory
#1
Jasmin Llamas, Louisa M Holmes, Nadra E Lisha, Pamela M Ling
Tobacco and marijuana use among U.S. young adults is a top public health concern, and racial/ethnic minorities may be at particular risk. Past research examining cultural variables has focused on the individual in relation to the mainstream U.S. culture; however, an individual can also experience within-group stress, or intragroup marginalization. We used the 2014 San Francisco Bay Area Young Adult Health Survey to validate an abbreviated measure of intragroup marginalization and identify associations between intragroup marginalization and tobacco and marijuana use among ethnic minority young adults (N = 1,058)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708010/the-cost-of-minority-stress-risky-alcohol-use-and-coping-motivated-drinking-behavior-in-african-american-college-students
#2
Delishia M Pittman, Jessica J Brooks, Paramjit Kaur, Ezemenari M Obasi
A motivational drinking framework is utilized to understand the relationship between minority stressors (e.g., race-related stress and acculturative stress) and alcohol use behaviors (risky alcohol use and coping-motivated drinking) among a large sample of Black American college students. Six hundred forty-nine Black college students from 8 colleges and universities in the United States were recruited as part of a large, multiwave, cross-sectional study investigating the stress and coping experiences of Black emerging adults...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678683/perceived-injunctive-norms-and-cannabis-related-problems-the-interactive-influence-of-parental-injunctive-norms-and-race
#3
Anthony H Ecker, Kimberlye E Dean, Julia D Buckner, Dawn W Foster
Cannabis use among college students is associated with negative consequences, including those that can negatively affect academic functioning. Perceived descriptive and injunctive norms are among the strongest predictors of college cannabis use and related problems, and perceived norms differentially relate to cannabis outcomes depending on the reference group (e.g., close friends, family members). However, no known studies have examined the effect of race on these relationships. Yet, given that African American students are more strongly affected by parental influence than Caucasian students and that they endorse more social motives for cannabis use, African American students may be affected by perceived norms regarding parents and friends differentially from Caucasian students...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678649/do-painkillers-serve-as-hillbilly-heroin-for-rural-adults-with-high-levels-of-psychosocial-stress
#4
Pamela Black, Helen M Hendy
Nonmedical use of painkillers has increased in recent years, with some authors suggesting that painkillers serve as "hillbilly heroin": a drug chosen by rural adults to cope with psychosocial stresses in their lives. The present study compared rural and urban adults for their reported use of 5 drugs during the past year (painkillers, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin) and for associations between these 5 drugs and their reported psychosocial stressors. This study conducted secondary analyses of anonymous survey data provided by the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health with responses from 8,699 rural and 18,481 urban adults...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678641/smoking-and-alcohol-use-among-women-in-russia-dual-risk-for-prenatal-exposure
#5
Tatiana Balachova, Ryan Zander, Barbara Bonner, Galina Isurina, Kathy Kyler, Larissa Tsvetkova, Elena Volkova
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can produce adverse outcomes; maternal smoking compounds this risk. We examined prevalence of smoking and associations between smoking and alcohol use in Russian women of childbearing age (N = 648). Smoking was reported by 35% of nonpregnant and 14% of pregnant women. Smoking prevalence was higher (45%) among at-risk drinkers and those at risk for an alcohol-exposed pregnancy (AEP). In a multivariate model, smoking status and city of residence significantly predicted AEP risk...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678640/alcohol-use-abuse-and-help-seeking-among-u-s-adults-the-role-of-racial-ethnic-origin-and-foreign-born-status
#6
Magdalena Szaflarski, Daniel H Klepinger, Lisa A Cubbins
We used data from Wave 1 and Wave 2 of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions to examine racial-ethnic and nativity-based variations in alcohol use/abuse and treatment seeking while accounting for acculturation, stress, and social integration factors. The dependent variables included alcohol use, risky drinking, DSM-IV alcohol use disorder, and treatment seeking in the past 12 months. Racial-ethnic categories included African, European, Asian/Pacific Islander, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678637/transitioning-illicit-drug-preferences-and-emerging-user-identities-in-ohio-the-proliferation-of-methamphetamine-use-among-african-americans
#7
Karen Coen Flynn, Lee D Hoffer
Understanding the social dynamics of local methamphetamine markets is critical to improving community health and reducing social costs associated with illicit drug use. We examine a local drug market in Summit County, Ohio, wherein methamphetamine users ascribe themselves different ethnic identities from those long associated with the drug elsewhere in the United States. Qualitative interviews with 52 study participants demonstrate that very poor and homeless White males and females are now using methamphetamine; however, even more surprising is that 31 of the participants identified themselves as poor or homeless, male or female African, Native, biracial, or multiracial Americans...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678632/russian-criminal-culture-among-drug-addicted-former-soviet-union-immigrants-in-israel
#8
Yakhnich Liat
This article explores the cultural context of substance abuse among drug-addicted Former Soviet Union (FSU) immigrants in Israel. Using a qualitative approach, it focuses on immigrant users' affiliation with the Russian criminal culture. The data analysis elicited a number of themes, including the key components of this culture, its attitude toward drug consumption, and its role in the users' lives and rehabilitation. It is argued that drug-addicted immigrants suffer multiple marginalization. Their affiliation with the ethnic criminal subculture serves as a defense reaction that protects their identities and grants them a sense of mastery not afforded in the wider society...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665261/the-onset-and-progression-of-alcohol-use-disorders-a-qualitative-study-from-goa-india
#9
Nathalie Mackinnon, Urvita Bhatia, Abhijit Nadkarni
Quantitative evidence about the burden of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) needs to be complemented with a nuanced qualitative understanding of explanatory models to help supplement public health strategies that are too often steeped uncritically in biomedical models. The aim of this study was to identify the role of various factors in the onset and persistence of AUD and recovery from AUD. This was a qualitative study nested in a population cohort from Goa, India. In-depth interviews of men with incident, recovered, and persistent AUD covered topics such as changes in drinking habits over time, perceptions and experiences about starting/stopping drinking, and so on...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665207/until-i-get-off-parole%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-then-i-can-swim-in-it-if-i-want-to-facilitators-of-and-barriers-to-drug-use-among-formerly-incarcerated-black-drug-offenders
#10
Rahma Mkuu, Tawandra L Rowell-Cunsolo, Idethia Shevon Harvey
Black Americans are overrepresented among those incarcerated for drug-related offenses. Drug use, postincarceration, is associated with high risk of recidivism and overdose deaths. We explored factors influencing drug use among former Black drug offenders. Qualitative interviews with 30 Black Americans released from prison within the past year explored drug behavior as well as institutional, environmental, and social factors that influence drug use. Findings show participants reentered drug-enticing environments and social networks...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665196/rural-and-urban-injection-drug-use-in-puerto-rico-network-implications-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#11
Courtney Thrash, Melissa Welch-Lazoritz, Gertrude Gauthier, Bilal Khan, Roberto Abadie, Kirk Dombrowski, Sandra Miranda De Leon, Yadira Rolon Colon
Understanding the short- and long-term transmission dynamics of blood-borne illnesses in network contexts represents an important public health priority for people who inject drugs and the general population that surrounds them. The purpose of this article is to compare the risk networks of urban and rural people who inject drugs in Puerto Rico. In the current study, network characteristics are drawn from the sampling "trees" used to recruit participants to the study. We found that injection frequency is the only factor significantly related to clustering behavior among both urban and rural people who inject drugs...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590812/depression-in-the-barrio-an-analysis-of-the-risk-and-protective-nature-of-cultural-values-among-mexican-american-substance-users
#12
Yolanda R Villarreal, Luis R Torres, Angela L Stotts, Yi Ren, Mcclain Sampson, Michelle R Klawans, Patrick S Bordnick
Understanding the effect of cultural values on depression and how social networks influence these relationships may be important in the treatment of substance-using, Mexican American populations. Latino cultural values, familismo, personalismo, fatalismo, and machismo, may be associated with depression among Latinos. The current study identified the association of traditional Latino values on depressive symptomatology among a sample of Mexican American heroin injectors. A cross-sectional research design and field-intensive outreach methodology were utilized to recruit 227 Mexican American men...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524806/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-treatment-outcomes-among-adults-with-stimulant-use-disorders-after-a-dosed-exercise-intervention
#13
K Sanchez, T L Greer, R Walker, T Carmody, C D Rethorst, M H Trivedi
The current study examined differences in substance abuse treatment outcomes among racial and ethnic groups enrolled in the Stimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise (STRIDE) trial, a multisite randomized clinical trial implemented through the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA's) Clinical Trials Network (CTN). STRIDE aimed to test vigorous exercise as a novel approach to the treatment of stimulant abuse compared to a health education intervention. A hurdle model with a complier average causal effects (CACE) adjustment was used to provide an unbiased estimate of the exercise effect had all participants been adherent to exercise...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511029/conceptualizing-ethnicity-in-alcohol-and-drug-research-epidemiology-meets-social-theory
#14
Geoffrey Hunt, Torsten Kolind, Tamar Antin
Since the 1990s, social scientists have rejected notions of ethnicity as something static and discrete, instead highlighting the context-dependent and fluid nature of multiple identities. In spite of these developments, researchers within the substance use fields continue to assess ethnic group categories in ways that suggest little critical reflection in terms of the validity of the measurements themselves, nor the social, bureaucratic, and political decisions shaping standard measures of ethnicity. This paper highlights these considerations, while also acknowledging the role of socially-delineated ethnic categorizations in documenting health inequities and social injustices...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489512/ethnoracial-differences-in-cannabis-use-among-native-born-and-foreign-born-high-school-students-in-ontario
#15
Hayley A Hamilton, Akwasi Owusu-Bempah, Angela Boak, Robert E Mann
The objective of this study was to examine the association of ethnoracial background and immigrant status to cannabis use among students in Ontario, Canada. Data were derived from the Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, a school-based, province-wide survey of students in Grades 7-12. The survey utilized a stratified two-stage cluster design. Analyses were based on a pooled subsample of 12,527 students in Grades 9-12 during the 2011 and 2013 survey cycles and included adjustments for the complex sample design...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448209/solution-focused-brief-therapy-for-chilean-primary-care-patients-exploring-a-linguistic-adaptation
#16
Karla González Suitt, Cynthia Franklin, Rayen Cornejo, Yessenia Castro, Sara Smock Jordan
Solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) is a resource-based, future-oriented therapeutic approach that focuses on finding exceptions to problems and identifying coping strategies to build solutions. SFBT has been efficacious with individuals with alcohol use disorders. Chile experiences high levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related health consequences. Despite the international dissemination of SFBT, this is the first study to attempt a linguistic adaptation of SFBT in a Latin American country. We conducted 9 cognitive interviews to examine 13 translated main SFBT tools and 3 focus groups to gather information on cultural aspects of alcohol use in primary care...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441119/comparable-efficacy-of-behavioral-and-pharmacological-treatments-among-african-american-and-white-cocaine-users
#17
LaTrice Montgomery, Kathleen M Carroll
Multiple randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have evaluated a range of treatments for cocaine dependence, but few of these have focused specifically on the racial diversity observed among cocaine-dependent patients. The present analyses evaluated racial variation in cocaine use and addiction-related psychosocial outcomes at baseline and follow-up among 388 African American and White adults participating in 1 of 5 RCTs evaluating a range of pharmacological and behavioral treatments for cocaine use disorders. General linear modeling (GLM) indicated significant racial variation in cocaine and psychosocial indicators at baseline...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441113/research-with-american-indian-and-alaska-native-populations-measurement-matters
#18
Melissa L Walls, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Allison Barlow, Michelle Sarche
Research is an important tool in addressing myriad American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) health disparities; however, tensions exist between common empirical measurement approaches that facilitate cross-cultural comparisons and measurement specificity that may be more valid locally and/or culturally appropriate. The tremendous diversity of AIAN communities, small population sizes of distinct AIAN cultural groups, and varying cultural contexts and worldviews should influence measurement decisions in health research...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441090/religious-involvement-and-marijuana-use-among-a-sample-of-african-american-young-adults
#19
Michael Parrish, John Taylor
Is religiosity associated with African American drug use? Despite the increased research attention that has been devoted to the topic, findings to date have been inconclusive. To address this issue, we analyze data from a sample of 434 young adults residing in Miami-Dade County Florida. We find that, of the four dimensions of religiosity considered here, only religious attendance is inversely related to marijuana use for men and women. The implications of these findings are discussed.
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441088/video-enabled-cue-exposure-based-intervention-improves-postdischarge-drinking-outcomes-among-alcohol-dependent-men-a-prospective-study-at-a-government-addiction-treatment-setting-in-india
#20
Prasanthi Nattala, Pratima Murthy, Kit Sang Leung, Sreevani Rentala, Jayashree Ramakrishna
Returning to alcohol use following inpatient treatment occurs due to various real life cues/triggers. It is a challenge to demonstrate to patients how to deal with these triggers during inpatient treatment. Aims of the current study were (a) to evaluate the effectiveness of video-enabled cue-exposure-based intervention (VE-CEI) in influencing treatment outcomes in alcohol dependence, (b) to identify postdischarge predictors of intervention failure (returning to ≥50% of baseline alcohol consumption quantity/day)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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