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Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

Jenny Chen, Ellie Grossman, Alissa Link, Binhuan Wang, Scott Sherman
Despite the efficacy of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in promoting smoking cessation, no studies have been done to evaluate NRT prescribing rates among immigrants, a vulnerable minority population in the United States. The aim of this study is to explore for differences in NRT prescribing behavior by immigrant status. Participants were enrolled in a smoking cessation trial for hospitalized patients between July 2011 and April 2014 at two NYC hospitals. For this analysis, we used baseline data from patient surveys and electronic medical-record reviews to examine associations between immigrant status and prescription of NRT in-hospital and on discharge, as well as acceptance of NRT in-hospital...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Mariano Kanamori, Jessica Weissman, Mario De La Rosa, James Melton, Mariana Sanchez, Patria Rojas, Mary Jo Trekpa
We examined the perception of adolescent children's marijuana use and its consequences in the Hispanic seasonal farmworking community of South Florida via three focus groups with Hispanic adult female seasonal workers (n = 29). The women described how adolescents' marijuana use increased over the past five years. Social networks for marijuana use were reported near schools and bus stations. Although participants expressed concern over adolescent marijuana use and involvement in selling marijuana, they reported that their job demands preclude their ability to supervise their children...
July 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
A Kathleen Burlew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Gavin Bart
Little is known about the characteristics of U.S.-based Asian populations undergoing methadone maintenance treatment for opioid use disorders. We evaluated psychosocial factors in 76 Hmong and 130 non-Hmong on methadone maintenance for at least two months in a single urban methadone maintenance clinic. Assessments included the Addiction Severity Index 5th Edition, the Symptom Checklist-90, and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders. The Hmong were older, predominately male, and on lower doses of methadone than the non-Hmong...
April 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Ben Lewis, Lauren Hoffman, Christian C Garcia, Sara Jo Nixon
This study examined trajectories of progression from early substance use to treatment entry as a function of race, among inpatient treatment seekers (N = 945). Following primary race-contingent analyses of use progression, secondary analyses were conducted to investigate the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on the observed differences. African Americans reported significant delays in treatment entry relative to Caucasians. Racial differences in alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine use trajectories were observed...
April 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Courtney Thrash, Melissa Welch-Lazoritz, Gertrude Gauthier, Bilal Khan, Roberto Abadie, Kirk Dombrowski, Sandra Miranda De Leon, Yadira Rolon Colon
Understanding the short- and long-term transmission dynamics of blood-borne illnesses in network contexts represents an important public health priority for people who inject drugs and the general population that surrounds them. The purpose of this article is to compare the risk networks of urban and rural people who inject drugs in Puerto Rico. In the current study, network characteristics are drawn from the sampling "trees" used to recruit participants to the study. We found that injection frequency is the only factor significantly related to clustering behavior among both urban and rural people who inject drugs...
April 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Nina Mulia, Tammy W Tam, Jason Bond, Sarah E Zemore, Libo Li
Information on heavy drinking over the life course might help to explain racial/ethnic disparities in alcohol-related problems, morbidity, and mortality. Using data from the 2009-2010 U.S. National Alcohol Survey (n = 3,026), we analyzed retrospective decades-based measures of heavy drinking during respondents' teens, 20s, 30s, and 40s. Results indicate that Latino men and African American women have greater risk for persistent-high (vs. declining) heavy-drinking trajectories than Caucasian men and women, and that socioeconomic disadvantage partly accounts for this disparity in women...
April 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Geoffrey Hunt, Torsten Kolind, Tamar Antin
Since the 1990s, social scientists have rejected notions of ethnicity as something static and discrete, instead highlighting the context-dependent and fluid nature of multiple identities. In spite of these developments, researchers within the substance use fields continue to assess ethnic group categories in ways that suggest little critical reflection in terms of the validity of the measurements themselves, nor the social, bureaucratic, and political decisions shaping standard measures of ethnicity. This paper highlights these considerations, while also acknowledging the role of socially-delineated ethnic categorizations in documenting health inequities and social injustices...
April 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Hayley A Hamilton, Akwasi Owusu-Bempah, Angela Boak, Robert E Mann
The objective of this study was to examine the association of ethnoracial background and immigrant status to cannabis use among students in Ontario, Canada. Data were derived from the Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, a school-based, province-wide survey of students in Grades 7-12. The survey utilized a stratified two-stage cluster design. Analyses were based on a pooled subsample of 12,527 students in Grades 9-12 during the 2011 and 2013 survey cycles and included adjustments for the complex sample design...
April 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Stephanie Sumstine, Sheena Cruz, Cassandra Schroeder, Summer Takeda, Niloofar Bavarian
This study investigated mental health indicators, substance use, and their relationships, by race/ethnicity. A probability sample of 1,053 students at two California universities self-reported their frequency of substance use and rated their experience with indicators of mental health. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), chi-square tests, and multivariate censored regression models were estimated to examine which indicators of mental health were associated with each substance use form by race/ethnicity. Results from the one-way ANOVA and chi-square tests showed differences in substance use prevalence and mental health by race/ethnicity...
April 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Sumedha Chhatre, Ravishankar Jayadevappa
Substance use among cancer patients is an important psychosocial comorbidity. Currently, there is a paucity of information regarding racial disparity in substance use among cancer patients. The objective of this study was to analyze racial and ethnic disparity in prevalence of substance use and its effects on outcomes in Medicare elderly with advanced prostate cancer using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked data. We used ICD-9 diagnosis codes to identify substance use disorder...
April 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Sheena K Gardner, Angela A Robertson, Andrew Tatch, Courtney S Walker
Racial differences in drinking motives, protective behavioral strategies (PBSs), alcohol consumption, and alcohol-related problems were examined among college student drinkers (N = 443: 296 [66.8%] White, 147 [33.3%] Black). Survey participants were recruited from large undergraduate sociology classes and residence halls at the university. Key differences between Black and White college students in drinking behaviors, reasons for drinking (i.e., motives), and the use of PBSs were observed. These racial differences have implications for the implementation of prevention/intervention programs intending to reduce alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems among college students...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Yvonne M Terry-McElrath, Megan E Patrick
Understanding racial/ethnic drinking patterns and service provision preferences is critical for deciding how best to use limited alcohol prevention, intervention, and treatment resources. We used nationally representative data from 150,727 U.S. high school seniors from 2005 to 2016 to examine differences in a range of alcohol use behaviors and the felt need to reduce or stop alcohol use based on detailed racial/ethnic categories, both before and after controlling for key risk/protective factors. Native students reported particularly high use but corresponding high felt need to reduce/stop use...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Shanthi Ameratunga, Nicki Jackson, Roshini Peiris-John, Janie Sheridan, Emma Moselen, Terryann Clark
Using a national survey of 8,500 New Zealand high school students, we investigated adolescents' concerns about their drinking, associated factors including help-seeking preferences and access to health care services, and how these varied by ethnicity and level of socioeconomic deprivation. Approximately 23.9% of the 3,704 current drinkers reported concerns (i.e., being worried about their drinking and/or having tried to cut down). Regression analyses revealed that Māori and Pacific youth were more likely than their New Zealand European peers to be concerned about their drinking...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Jeremy C Kane, Renee M Johnson, Derek K Iwamoto, David H Jernigan, Tracy W Harachi, Judith K Bass
A difference in degree of acculturation between immigrant parents and children, known as intergenerational cultural dissonance (ICD), is a risk factor for adolescent alcohol use. We used path analysis with 292 Vietnamese and Cambodian adolescents from immigrant families in the United States to measure potential mediators (family conflict, parental involvement/monitoring, association with deviant peers) of the ICD-alcohol use relationship. The hypothesized model was an adequate data fit among both groups. Among Cambodian adolescents, higher ICD levels significantly predicted increased family conflict, which in turn was associated with reduced parental involvement/monitoring, increased association with deviant peers, and a subsequently higher risk of alcohol use (p < ...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Pimpisa Chomsri, Apinun Aramrattana, Penprapa Siviroj, Surinporn Likhitsathian
This study explored substance use prevalence, level of risk, and associated factors, especially related to binge drinking. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 306 students using questionnaires and the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test-Youth screening tool. The associations between binge drinking and risk factors were analyzed by generalized linear models. Our results showed current prevalence rates of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs use were 56.9%, 22.9%, and 2.3%, respectively...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Ian Duncan, Patrick Habecker, Dane Hautala, Bilal Khan, Kirk Dombrowski
Although previous research has focused on injection drug use behaviors in both urban and rural settings, few have drawn direct comparisons between adjacent rural and urban areas. Using data from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance study as well as original data collected in a similar fashion, we compare the risk behaviors of people who inject drugs (PWID) in San Juan, Puerto Rico, with those of PWID in nearby rural areas. Specifically, we examine whether one's own hepatitis C (HCV) infection status can be used to predict whether one asked their most recent co-injection partner about their HCV status...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Khary K Rigg, Anthony T Estreet
Over the past two decades, the demographic profile of MDMA (ecstasy/molly) users has changed. In particular, African American MDMA use has risen in some cities. One explanation of this new trend is the drug's recent popularity (as molly) in hip-hop/rap (HHR) music. Several top rappers endorse the drug as a way to have fun or get women "loose." There are currently no studies, however, that investigate the extent to which African American MDMA users listen to HHR music or the influence that these pro-MDMA messages have on their use of the drug...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Jennifer M Whitehill, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Mitchell Doucette, Emily Flom
Driving (DUIM) and riding (RUIM) with a driver under the influence of marijuana increases crash risk. This study assessed risk factors for DUIM and RUIM among ethnically diverse young adults. Randomly selected individuals were surveyed. Multivariable regression was used to assess risk factors associated with DUIM and RUIM. Participants (N = 335, response rate = 34.9%) were 33.7% White non-Hispanic. Reported DUIM and RUIM was not statistically significant by race/ethnicity. Frequency of marijuana use was significantly associated with greater risk of DUIM...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Shyanika W Rose, Ashley Mayo, Ollie Ganz, Lexie Perreras, Joanne D'Silva, Amy Cohn
Perceived experiences of discrimination have been linked to negative health behaviors including tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use across various racial/ethnic groups. Tobacco and alcohol marketing exposure have also been linked with substance use. This study examined the independent and interacting effects of perceived experiences of discrimination and exposure to alcohol and tobacco marketing, and receptivity to marijuana marketing on substance use in an online survey of a multiethnic sample of young adults in 6 metropolitan areas (n = 505)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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