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Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

Yvonne M Terry-McElrath, Megan E Patrick
Understanding racial/ethnic drinking patterns and service provision preferences is critical for deciding how best to use limited alcohol prevention, intervention, and treatment resources. We used nationally representative data from 150,727 U.S. high school seniors from 2005 to 2016 to examine differences in a range of alcohol use behaviors and the felt need to reduce or stop alcohol use based on detailed racial/ethnic categories, both before and after controlling for key risk/protective factors. Native students reported particularly high use but corresponding high felt need to reduce/stop use...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Shanthi Ameratunga, Nicki Jackson, Roshini Peiris-John, Janie Sheridan, Emma Moselen, Terryann Clark
Using a national survey of 8,500 New Zealand high school students, we investigated adolescents' concerns about their drinking, associated factors including help-seeking preferences and access to health care services, and how these varied by ethnicity and level of socioeconomic deprivation. Approximately 23.9% of the 3,704 current drinkers reported concerns (i.e., being worried about their drinking and/or having tried to cut down). Regression analyses revealed that Māori and Pacific youth were more likely than their New Zealand European peers to be concerned about their drinking...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Jeremy C Kane, Renee M Johnson, Derek K Iwamoto, David H Jernigan, Tracy W Harachi, Judith K Bass
A difference in degree of acculturation between immigrant parents and children, known as intergenerational cultural dissonance (ICD), is a risk factor for adolescent alcohol use. We used path analysis with 292 Vietnamese and Cambodian adolescents from immigrant families in the United States to measure potential mediators (family conflict, parental involvement/monitoring, association with deviant peers) of the ICD-alcohol use relationship. The hypothesized model was an adequate data fit among both groups. Among Cambodian adolescents, higher ICD levels significantly predicted increased family conflict, which in turn was associated with reduced parental involvement/monitoring, increased association with deviant peers, and a subsequently higher risk of alcohol use (p < ...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Pimpisa Chomsri, Apinun Aramrattana, Penprapa Siviroj, Surinporn Likhitsathian
This study explored substance use prevalence, level of risk, and associated factors, especially related to binge drinking. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 306 students using questionnaires and the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test-Youth screening tool. The associations between binge drinking and risk factors were analyzed by generalized linear models. Our results showed current prevalence rates of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs use were 56.9%, 22.9%, and 2.3%, respectively...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Ian Duncan, Patrick Habecker, Dane Hautala, Bilal Khan, Kirk Dombrowski
Although previous research has focused on injection drug use behaviors in both urban and rural settings, few have drawn direct comparisons between adjacent rural and urban areas. Using data from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance study as well as original data collected in a similar fashion, we compare the risk behaviors of people who inject drugs (PWID) in San Juan, Puerto Rico, with those of PWID in nearby rural areas. Specifically, we examine whether one's own hepatitis C (HCV) infection status can be used to predict whether one asked their most recent co-injection partner about their HCV status...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Khary K Rigg, Anthony T Estreet
Over the past two decades, the demographic profile of MDMA (ecstasy/molly) users has changed. In particular, African American MDMA use has risen in some cities. One explanation of this new trend is the drug's recent popularity (as molly) in hip-hop/rap (HHR) music. Several top rappers endorse the drug as a way to have fun or get women "loose." There are currently no studies, however, that investigate the extent to which African American MDMA users listen to HHR music or the influence that these pro-MDMA messages have on their use of the drug...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Jennifer M Whitehill, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Mitchell Doucette, Emily Flom
Driving (DUIM) and riding (RUIM) with a driver under the influence of marijuana increases crash risk. This study assessed risk factors for DUIM and RUIM among ethnically diverse young adults. Randomly selected individuals were surveyed. Multivariable regression was used to assess risk factors associated with DUIM and RUIM. Participants (N = 335, response rate = 34.9%) were 33.7% White non-Hispanic. Reported DUIM and RUIM was not statistically significant by race/ethnicity. Frequency of marijuana use was significantly associated with greater risk of DUIM...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Shyanika W Rose, Ashley Mayo, Ollie Ganz, Lexie Perreras, Joanne D'Silva, Amy Cohn
Perceived experiences of discrimination have been linked to negative health behaviors including tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use across various racial/ethnic groups. Tobacco and alcohol marketing exposure have also been linked with substance use. This study examined the independent and interacting effects of perceived experiences of discrimination and exposure to alcohol and tobacco marketing, and receptivity to marijuana marketing on substance use in an online survey of a multiethnic sample of young adults in 6 metropolitan areas (n = 505)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
A Kathleen Burlew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Jessica K Perrotte, Byron L Zamboanga, P Priscilla Lui, Brandy Piña-Watson
Among ethnic minority groups, Latina/o emerging adults are most likely to engage in pregaming, a risky drinking practice. This study examined how U.S. acculturation and enculturation are associated with pregaming and the extent to which gender moderates this relation in a sample of 312 Latina/o emerging adults (18 - 25 years of age). Results indicated that men consumed more alcohol when pregaming than women, but there were no gender differences in pregaming frequency. Results also showed that lower levels of U...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Alexander Reznik, Richard Isralowitz, Valentina Gritsenko, Olga Khalepo, Yulia Kovaleva
Alcohol use that causes damage to health and adverse events is a significant public health concern. However, there is a dearth of information about alcohol use among Russian Federation university students. This cross sectional study of 626 students examined their background characteristics, alcohol use, heavy drinking and related problem behavior. Males were more inclined to use alcohol and drink heavily than females; however, no other gender related behavior differences were found. Regression analysis showed heavy drinking more prevalent among students who worked, lived on campus, missed class because of party habits, smoked cigarettes, mixed alcohol and energy drinks, and drank more because of stress...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Giovanni Piumatti, Francesco Lietz, Giovanni Aresi, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic
Few studies have cross-nationally tested the mediators of the relationship between alcohol use and subjective well-being among university students. This study examined how self-reported psychological distress symptoms mediate the association between alcohol use (drinking frequency and binge-drinking frequency) and subjective well-being among 637 Serbian and 705 Italian university students. Psychological distress mediated the negative relationship between binge-drinking frequency and subjective well-being among Serbians (partial mediation) and Italians (full mediation)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Craig T Dearfield, Kimberly A Horn, Marie C Jipguep-Akhtar
A range of individual, social, and neighborhood factors influence the smoking-related health inequities of urban minorities. Yet little is known about how these factors interact to influence smoking behaviors, including cessation. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to estimate the variance in cessation service utilization among a sample of primarily African American adults accounted for by individual, social, and neighborhood factors. Findings showed individual and social factors were important predictors of cessation service utilization...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Rebecca H Roppolo, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sheana S Bull, Ali Maffey, Arnold Levinson
This study examines the extent to which knowledge of recreational marijuana laws, health effects, and perceptions of risk for marijuana use differ between Spanish- and English-speaking Latino survey respondents from a registry of Colorado adults. Spanish-speaking Latino respondents (n = 47) had less accurate knowledge of laws permitting use of marijuana than English-speaking Latino respondents (n = 154), while reporting greater agreement with negative health effects and higher perception of risk associated with marijuana use...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Alfonso Mercado, Liza Talavera Garza, Jason Popan, Kim Finn-Nguyen, Rachita Sharma, Cecilia Colunga-Rodriguez
This study investigated the association of academic outcomes, romantic relationships, and substance use (tobacco, marijuana, cocaine) with alcohol dependence in a sample of Latino (N = 1,143) college students. Secondary data analysis was conducted on measures of grade point average in college, relationship satisfaction, drug use, and alcohol dependence. Latino college students who reported alcohol dependency had significant relational dissatisfaction and poor academic outcomes. Thus, lower grade point average and relationship dissatisfaction were associated with alcohol dependence...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Vili Nosa, Shavonne Duffy, Debbie Singh, Save Lavelio, Uma Amber, Avanoa Homasi-Paelate, Julia Alfred
This review examines what is known about the production and use of home brew in the Pacific Islands countries and territories. Data collection involved interviews of 78 men and women from the Marshall Islands, Papua New Guinea, Toga, and Tuvalu. The interviews were conducted in 2013 by local interviewers. The questions fell into four key areas: people's history of home-brew consumption, the reasons for home-brew use, the effects of home brew, and people's perceptions about home brew. An open ethnographic approach revealed that males are the main consumers of home brew, that home brew is consumed in private venues by those with low socioeconomic status, and that there are positive and negative outcomes associated with the use of home brew...
January 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
David Shane Lowry
The landscape of American health care is changing under the weight of new knowledge that health care workers-physicians, nurses, and so on-are abusing the drugs that they use within health care. In this article, the author uses ethnographic data (including his own work in American pharmacies over the past two decades) to contextualize how health care's drug abuse epidemic is racially coded to ignore the fact that White Americans are the primary drug abusers-what he calls "redpilling." In pointing out the racial contexts of health care's drug abuse, the author asks whether our national "war on drugs" ought to be recast to see how White racial privilege-the privilege of White Americans to comfortably perform certain actions (and get away with them if they are illegal or morally wrong)-mandates that we move the lens of drug policy from ghettos and ethnic communities to American health care where we have been historically positioned to not identify White American health care workers who work while high...
January 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Anna Pagano, Juliet P Lee, Victor García, Carlos Recarte
Access to study populations is a major concern for drug use and treatment researchers. Spaces related to drug use and treatment have varying levels of researcher accessibility based on several issues, including legality, public versus private settings, and insider/outsider status. Ethnographic research methods are indispensable for gaining and maintaining access to hidden or "hard-to-reach" populations. Here, we discuss our long-term ethnographic research on drug abuse recovery houses created by and for Latino migrants and immigrants in Northern California...
January 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Barbara A Berman, Loretta Jones, Felica Jones, Andrea Jones, Blanca Azucena Pacheco, William J McCarthy
Research is needed to better understand barriers to smoking cessation and sustained abstinence among racial/ethnic minority polydrug users. We conducted community dialogue groups involving 49 clients in substance use treatment programs with predominantly ethnic minority clientele and individual dialogues/interviews with seven program providers (stakeholders). Most clients were African American, under 40 years old, women, current smokers, and high school graduates. Smoking cessation services in these programs were considered inadequate and community programs insufficiently culturally tailored and economically and geographically inaccessible...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Bridgette J Peteet
Prescription drug misuse (PDM) is the leading cause of accidental death in the U.S. One in five Americans report at least one lifetime incident of PDM. PDM has been studied extensively, yet there is limited inclusion of racial/ethnic minorities due to purportedly lower rates of PDM. However, health disparate groups often face more detrimental consequences of substance abuse including behavioral, social, and medical/mental health (e.g., injury, HIV/AIDS, incarceration, educational attainment, and comorbidity)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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