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Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

Alexander Reznik, Richard Isralowitz, Valentina Gritsenko, Olga Khalepo, Yulia Kovaleva
Alcohol use that causes damage to health and adverse events is a significant public health concern. However, there is a dearth of information about alcohol use among Russian Federation university students. This cross sectional study of 626 students examined their background characteristics, alcohol use, heavy drinking and related problem behavior. Males were more inclined to use alcohol and drink heavily than females; however, no other gender related behavior differences were found. Regression analysis showed heavy drinking more prevalent among students who worked, lived on campus, missed class because of party habits, smoked cigarettes, mixed alcohol and energy drinks, and drank more because of stress...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Giovanni Piumatti, Francesco Lietz, Giovanni Aresi, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic
Few studies have cross-nationally tested the mediators of the relationship between alcohol use and subjective well-being among university students. This study examined how self-reported psychological distress symptoms mediate the association between alcohol use (drinking frequency and binge-drinking frequency) and subjective well-being among 637 Serbian and 705 Italian university students. Psychological distress mediated the negative relationship between binge-drinking frequency and subjective well-being among Serbians (partial mediation) and Italians (full mediation)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Craig T Dearfield, Kimberly A Horn, Marie C Jipguep-Akhtar
A range of individual, social, and neighborhood factors influence the smoking-related health inequities of urban minorities. Yet little is known about how these factors interact to influence smoking behaviors, including cessation. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to estimate the variance in cessation service utilization among a sample of primarily African American adults accounted for by individual, social, and neighborhood factors. Findings showed individual and social factors were important predictors of cessation service utilization...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Rebecca H Roppolo, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sheana S Bull, Ali Maffey, Arnold Levinson
This study examines the extent to which knowledge of recreational marijuana laws, health effects, and perceptions of risk for marijuana use differ between Spanish- and English-speaking Latino survey respondents from a registry of Colorado adults. Spanish-speaking Latino respondents (n = 47) had less accurate knowledge of laws permitting use of marijuana than English-speaking Latino respondents (n = 154), while reporting greater agreement with negative health effects and higher perception of risk associated with marijuana use...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Alfonso Mercado, Liza Talavera Garza, Jason Popan, Kim Finn-Nguyen, Rachita Sharma, Cecilia Colunga-Rodriguez
This study investigated the association of academic outcomes, romantic relationships, and substance use (tobacco, marijuana, cocaine) with alcohol dependence in a sample of Latino (N = 1,143) college students. Secondary data analysis was conducted on measures of grade point average in college, relationship satisfaction, drug use, and alcohol dependence. Latino college students who reported alcohol dependency had significant relational dissatisfaction and poor academic outcomes. Thus, lower grade point average and relationship dissatisfaction were associated with alcohol dependence...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Barbara A Berman, Loretta Jones, Felica Jones, Andrea Jones, Blanca Azucena Pacheco, William J McCarthy
Research is needed to better understand barriers to smoking cessation and sustained abstinence among racial/ethnic minority polydrug users. We conducted community dialogue groups involving 49 clients in substance use treatment programs with predominantly ethnic minority clientele and individual dialogues/interviews with seven program providers (stakeholders). Most clients were African American, under 40 years old, women, current smokers, and high school graduates. Smoking cessation services in these programs were considered inadequate and community programs insufficiently culturally tailored and economically and geographically inaccessible...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
David Shane Lowry
The landscape of American health care is changing under the weight of new knowledge that health care workers-physicians, nurses, and so on-are abusing the drugs that they use within health care. In this article, the author uses ethnographic data (including his own work in American pharmacies over the past two decades) to contextualize how health care's drug abuse epidemic is racially coded to ignore the fact that White Americans are the primary drug abusers-what he calls "redpilling." In pointing out the racial contexts of health care's drug abuse, the author asks whether our national "war on drugs" ought to be recast to see how White racial privilege-the privilege of White Americans to comfortably perform certain actions (and get away with them if they are illegal or morally wrong)-mandates that we move the lens of drug policy from ghettos and ethnic communities to American health care where we have been historically positioned to not identify White American health care workers who work while high...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Bridgette J Peteet
Prescription drug misuse (PDM) is the leading cause of accidental death in the U.S. One in five Americans report at least one lifetime incident of PDM. PDM has been studied extensively, yet there is limited inclusion of racial/ethnic minorities due to purportedly lower rates of PDM. However, health disparate groups often face more detrimental consequences of substance abuse including behavioral, social, and medical/mental health (e.g., injury, HIV/AIDS, incarceration, educational attainment, and comorbidity)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
John Robert Gallagher, Anne Nordberg, Alyssa R Dibley
Drug courts have been an important part of the criminal justice system since 1989. They continue to expand throughout the United States because nearly three decades of research has shown that they are more effective than other interventions, such as traditional probation. There is a pattern, though, in some drug courts where African Americans are less likely to graduate than their Caucasian counterparts. This qualitative study explores this phenomenon by asking African American participants (n = 31) their views on the most helpful aspects of drug court and how drug court could be more helpful in supporting them in graduating the program...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Allyson Kelley, Morgan Witzel, Bethany Fatupaito
American Indian youth experience higher rates of substance use than non-American Indian youth. Researchers, clinicians, and treatment programs embrace evidence-based practices (EBPs) and practice based evidence (PBE) as a primary method for addressing substance abuse and advancing behavioral health. However, less is known about the use of tribal best practices (TBPs) and how they are implemented in American Indian substance use prevention contexts. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this systematic review was to determine how TBPs are implemented and shared in the context of tribal substance use prevention...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Gavin Bart
Little is known about the characteristics of U.S.-based Asian populations undergoing methadone maintenance treatment for opioid use disorders. We evaluated psychosocial factors in 76 Hmong and 130 non-Hmong on methadone maintenance for at least two months in a single urban methadone maintenance clinic. Assessments included the Addiction Severity Index 5th Edition, the Symptom Checklist-90, and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders. The Hmong were older, predominately male, and on lower doses of methadone than the non-Hmong...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Andrew J Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Raul Caetano, Patrice A C Vaeth, Glorisa Canino
This article estimates the proportion of children (17 and younger) exposed to an adult with an alcohol problem or alcohol use disorder (AUD) in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Data are from a household random sample of 1,510 individuals 18-64 years of age. A total of 20.9% of children in sample households were exposed to an adult with an alcohol problem, and 5.7% were exposed to an adult with DSM-5 AUD. These considerable proportions suggest that alcohol treatment and family support programs should include help for adults in the family, and special support for exposed children in the household...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Eduardo Romano, Mariana Sánchez, Mario De La Rosa, Benjamin Ertman
Little is known about the pre- and postimmigration drinking and drunk- and drugged-driving behavior of Latino immigrants. Despite showing risky drinking behaviors, many recent immigrants of low socioeconomic status (SES) do not drive while impaired by alcohol (DWI) due largely to limited access to a vehicle. This effort examines the DWI and driving while impaired by drugs (DWID) behaviors of Latino immigrants who have access to a vehicle. Data came from an ongoing longitudinal sample of Latino immigrants to Miami-Dade County, Florida...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Kristen A Ogilvie
Since 1981, Alaskans have had the ability to enact by referendum local restrictions in alcohol sales, importation, and possession, known as "local options." Intended to empower rural communities to reduce alcohol abuse and associated violence and trauma, the "local option" laws have led to unintended consequences as individuals in alcohol-restricted communities seek intoxication from both legal and illegal sources of alcohol. Based on 68 interviews with 72 community members in eight rural sites in Alaska, this article examines these unintended consequences of local options restrictions and provides context to the challenges rural communities face in implementing alcohol policies...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Peter L Myers
The sociological concepts of the "moral panic" and the deviant "folk devil" apply to the drug panics in the United States over methamphetamine, heroin, and crack cocaine. Mothers or pregnant women who smoke crack cocaine, and their babies, are assigned exaggerated "demonic" attributes that result in stigma and societal rejection. Otherwise, ethnographic studies of drug users demonstrate realities that are other than what might be considered were one to merely look at their use and the consequences. These considerations are examined with respect to the image of folk devils, methadone program attendees, smokers of "blunts," opium den habitués, and others grouped together as negative influences as a result of their drug habits...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Ann M Cheney, Christine N Newkirk, Vhuhwavho M Nekhavhambe, Matthew Baron Rotondi, Alison Hamilton
In this article, we examine methamphetamine (meth) use initiation as influenced by Latinas' social positions within institutions (e.g., family and economy). We conducted ethnographic fieldwork in five women's residential substance use treatment facilities in Los Angeles County with women who considered meth to be their primary drug of choice. Using an urban ethnographic framing, we demonstrate the effects of low-income young Latinas' spatial- and social-context rendered vulnerability to abuse and neglect, and the resulting emotional distress, on meth use initiation...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Anna Pagano, Juliet P Lee, Victor García, Carlos Recarte
Access to study populations is a major concern for drug use and treatment researchers. Spaces related to drug use and treatment have varying levels of researcher accessibility based on several issues, including legality, public versus private settings, and insider/outsider status. Ethnographic research methods are indispensable for gaining and maintaining access to hidden or "hard-to-reach" populations. Here, we discuss our long-term ethnographic research on drug abuse recovery houses created by and for Latino migrants and immigrants in Northern California...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Jamie Suki Chang, James L Sorensen, Carmen L Masson, Michael S Shopshire, Kim Hoffman, Dennis McCarty, Martin Iguchi
Asians and Pacific Islanders (API) have large disparities in utilization of substance use treatment compared to other racial groups. In this study, we analyzed factors that shape API experiences accessing and engaging in community-based treatment from the perspective of treatment providers. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 40 treatment providers who work with API clients in treatment programs in San Francisco and Los Angeles. We analyzed the transcribed interview data in ATLAS.ti using a content analysis approach...
October 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
A Kathleen Burlew, Katherine Sanchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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