journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Experimental Biology and Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763387/spider-peptide-toxin-lycosin-i-induces-apoptosis-and-inhibits-migration-of-prostate-cancer-cells
#1
Hongwei Shen, Yuan Xie, Senlin Ye, Kancheng He, Lu Yi, Rongrong Cui
Spider toxins are molecularly diverse and some display not only a strong antibacterial effect but also exhibit significant inhibition of tumor growth and promote tumor cell apoptosis. The aim of the present investigation was to explore different antitumor effects of the spider peptide toxin lycosin-I through different pathways at different concentrations. It was found that by inactivating STAT3 pathway, high concentrations of lycosin-I induce apoptosis in prostate cancer cells and low concentrations of lycosin-I inhibit the migration of prostate cancer cells...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763386/trends-in-polymeric-electrospun-fibers-and-their-use-as-oral-biomaterials
#2
Agnes B Meireles, Daniella K Corrêa, João Vw da Silveira, Ana Lg Millás, Edison Bittencourt, Gustavo Ea de Brito-Melo, Libardo A González-Torres
Electrospinning is one of the techniques to produce structured polymeric fibers in the micro or nano scale and to generate novel materials for biomedical proposes. Electrospinning versatility provides fibers that could support different surgical and rehabilitation treatments. However, its diversity in equipment assembly, polymeric materials, and functional molecules to be incorporated in fibers result in profusion of recent biomaterials that are not fully explored, even though the recognized relevance of the technique...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763385/pyruvate-enriched-resuscitation-for-shock
#3
Robert T Mallet, Albert H Olivencia-Yurvati, Rolf Bünger
This commentary addresses the recent retraction of an article which reported favorable outcomes in septic patients treated with intravenous pyruvate. The retracted report was cited in the authors' recent minireview on the cellular mechanisms and clinical application of pyruvate to improve cardiac performance. Because the retracted article reports pyruvate-enhanced resuscitation of critically ill patients, the authors wish to inform the readership, especially critical care providers, that this particular clinical application of pyruvate is not now supported by robust evidence...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763384/the-effects-of-dihydroartemisinin-on-inflammatory-bowel-disease-related-bone-loss-in-a-rat-model
#4
Xingtao Ge, Zhijian Chen, Zhenjie Xu, Fang Lv, Kewei Zhang, Yu Yang
Bone loss is one of the important extra-intestinal manifestations in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Compounds derived from natural products have been used to treat IBDs. However, the role of natural products on IBD-induced bone loss is not completely clarified. In the present study, we observed the effects of dihydroartemisinin (DHA), an antimalaria drug, on IBD and IBD-induced bone loss in a rat model. Chronic IBD model was established in Sprague-Dawley rats by giving them 2.5% dextran sodium sulfate in drinking water...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763383/eb-2017-article-soy-protein-isolate-feeding-does-not-result-in-reproductive-toxicity-in-the-pre-pubertal-rat-testis
#5
Martin Jj Ronis, Horacio Gomez-Acevedo, Kartik Shankar, Neha Sharma, Michael Blackburn, Rohit Singhal, Kelly E Mercer, Thomas M Badger
The isoflavone phytoestrogens found in the soy protein isolate used in soy infant formulas have been shown to have estrogenic actions in the developing male reproductive tract resulting in reproductive toxicity. However, few studies have examined potential estrogenicity of soy protein isolate as opposed to that of pure isoflavones. In this study, we fed weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats a semi-purified diet with casein or soy protein isolate as the sole protein source from postnatal day 21 to 33. Additional groups were fed casein or soy protein isolate and treated s...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763371/normobaric-hyperoxia-inhibits-the-progression-of-lung-cancer-by-inducing-apoptosis
#6
Sei Won Kim, In Kyoung Kim, Jick Hwan Ha, Chang Dong Yeo, Hyeon Hui Kang, Jin Woo Kim, Sang Haak Lee
Hypoxia is a critical characteristic of solid tumors with respect to cancer cell survival, angiogenesis, and metastasis. Hyperoxic treatment has been attempted to reverse hypoxia by enhancing the amount of dissolved oxygen in the plasma. In this study, we evaluated the effects of normobaric hyperoxia on the progression of lung cancer to determine whether oxygen toxicity can be used in cancer therapy. Following a tail vein injection of the Lewis lung carcinoma cells, C57BL/6J mice were exposed to a 24-h normobaric hyperoxia/normoxia cycle for two weeks...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763370/novel-interleukin-33-and-its-soluble-st2-receptor-as-potential-serum-biomarkers-in-parotid-gland-tumors
#7
Sowa Pawel, Misiolek Maciej, Zielinski Maciej, Mazur Bogdan, Adamczyk-Sowa Monika
An increasing number of patients with parotid gland tumors have been observed in recent years. The relationship between the immune system and tumor formation is thoroughly investigated. However, newly discovered molecules offer a new insight into the pathophysiology of malignancies. It would be ideal to find an easily determinable biomarker of tumor existence, its malignant potential or a biomarker suggesting the probability of disease recurrence. Our study is the first to examine serum concentrations of IL-33 and its sST2 receptor in patients with various types of parotid gland tumors...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763369/adipose-y5r-mrna-is-higher-in-obese-than-non-obese-humans-and-is-correlated-with-obesity-parameters
#8
Saimai Chatree, Chantacha Sitticharoon, Pailin Maikaew, Panapat Uawithya, Supornpim Chearskul
Neuropeptide Y is mainly expressed in the central nervous system to regulate food intake via its receptors, Y receptors, and in various peripheral tissues including adipose tissue. The objectives of this study were to compare Y5R mRNA and adipocyte parameters consisting of area, width, height, and perimeter either between obese and non-obese subjects or between subcutaneous and visceral fat as well as to compare between NPY, Y1R, Y2R, and Y5R mRNA expressions in subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues. In subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues, Y5R was greater in obese than in non-obese humans (both P < 0...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763368/matrix-metalloproteinase-9-gene-polymorphisms-and-their-interaction-with-environment-on-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-risk
#9
Tao Wang, Wanxing Fu, Shuang Song, Yanlong Han, Lihong Yao, Youkui Lu, Junshuai Zheng, Jing Wang
The current study aimed to investigate the relations of three single nucleotide polymorphisms of matrix metalloproteinase-9 gene, and single nucleotide polymorphisms-smoking interaction to subarachnoid hemorrhage risk. The optimal pattern of the interaction among single nucleotide polymorphisms and smoking was selected by generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction. The association between the three single nucleotide polymorphisms within the matrix metalloproteinase-9 gene was analyzed by logistic regression test...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763367/hsp70-protects-rats-and-hippocampal-neurons-from-central-nervous-system-oxygen-toxicity-by-suppression-of-no-production-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation
#10
Hongjie Yi, Guoyang Huang, Kun Zhang, Shulin Liu, Weigang Xu
During diving, central nervous system oxygen toxicity may cause drowning or barotrauma, which has dramatically limited the working benefits of hyperbaric oxygen in underwater operations and clinical applications. The aim of this study is to understand the effects and the underlying mechanism of heat shock protein 70 on central nervous system oxygen toxicity and its mechanisms in vivo and in vitro. Rats were given geranylgeranylacetone (800 mg/kg) orally to induce hippocampal expression of heat shock protein 70 and then treated with hyperbaric oxygen...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763366/right-ventricle-performances-with-echocardiography-and-99m-tc-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-patients
#11
Jie Liu, Lei Fei, Guang-Qing Huang, Xiao-Ke Shang, Mei Liu, Zhi-Jun Pei, Yong-Xue Zhang
Right heart catheterization is commonly used to measure right ventricle hemodynamic parameters and is the gold standard for pulmonary arterial hypertension diagnosis; however, it is not suitable for patients' long-term follow-up. Non-invasive echocardiography and nuclear medicine have been applied to measure right ventricle anatomy and function, but the guidelines for the usefulness of clinical parameters remain to be established. The goal of this study is to identify reliable clinical parameters of right ventricle function in pulmonary arterial hypertension patients and analyze the relationship of these clinical parameters with the disease severity of pulmonary arterial hypertension...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763365/effect-of-cross-linked-chitosan-iron-iii-on-vascular-calcification-in-uremic-rats
#12
Barbara Bruna Abreu de Castro, Wander Barros do Carmo, Paulo Giovani de Albuquerque Suassuna, Moises Carminatti, Julia Bianchi Brito, Wagner Vasques Dominguez, Ivone Braga de Oliveira, Vanda Jorgetti, Melani Ribeiro Custodio, Helady Sanders-Pinheiro
Cross-linked chitosan iron (III) is a chitin-derived polymer with a chelating effect on phosphorus, but it is untested in vascular calcification. We evaluated this compound's ability to reduce hyperphosphatemia and its effect on vascular calcification in uremic rats using an adenine-based, phosphorus-rich diet for seven weeks. We used a control group to characterize the uremia. Uremic rats were divided according the treatment into chronic kidney disease, CKD-Ch-Fe(III)CL (CKD-Ch), CKD-calcium carbonate, or CKD-sevelamer groups...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763364/the-loss-of-copper-is-associated-with-the-increase-in-copper-metabolism-murr-domain-1-in-ischemic-hearts-of-mice
#13
Kui Li, Chen Li, Ying Xiao, Tao Wang, Y James Kang
The distribution of copper (Cu) in the biological system is regulated by Cu transporters and chaperones. It has been known for a long time that myocardial ischemia is accompanied by the loss of Cu from the heart, but the mechanism by which this occurs remains unknown. The present study was undertaken to understand the relationship between Cu loss and alterations in Cu transporters during the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia. Male mice (C57 BL/6J) were subjected to left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery ligation to induce myocardial ischemia...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597877/eb-2017-article-interpretation-of-the-lactulose-mannitol-test-in-rural-malawian-children-at-risk-for-perturbations-in-intestinal-permeability
#14
M Isabel Ordiz, Caroline Davitt, Kevin Stephenson, Sophia Agapova, Oscar Divala, Nurmohammad Shaikh, Mark J Manary
The dual sugar absorption test, specifically the lactulose:mannitol test, is used to assess gut health. Lactulose absorption is said to represent gut damage and mannitol absorption is used as a measure of normal small bowel function and serves as normalizing factor for lactulose. A underappreciated limitation of this common understanding of the lactulose:mannitol test is that mannitol is not absorbed to any substantial extent by a transcellular process. Additionally, this interpretation of lactulose:mannitol is not consistent with current understanding of paracellular pathways, where three pathway types exist: pore, leak, and unrestricted...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597876/ampk%C3%AE-2-deficiency-enhanced-susceptibility-to-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-mice-by-the-role-of-%C3%AE-adrenoceptor-signaling
#15
Hong Cao, Xin Wang, Shaozheng Ying, Congxin Huang
AMP-activated protein kinase-α2 is the main catalytic subunit of the heart, which is mainly located in cardiac myocytes. The effect of AMP-activated protein kinase-α2 on the cardiac electrophysiology is barely studied. From the previous study, it is possible that AMP-activated protein kinase-α2 may have some effect on the electrophysiology of the heart. To prove the hypothesis, we used the AMP-activated protein kinase-α2 knockout (AMPKα2-/- ) mice to estimate the electrophysiological characteristics of AMPKα2-/- mice and try to find the mechanism between them...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587489/eb-2017-article-changes-in-advanced-glycation-end-products-beta-defensin-3-and-interleukin-17-during-diabetic-periodontitis-development-in-rhesus-monkeys
#16
Hui Jiang, Yuanmin Li, Changchang Ye, Wanhong Wu, Guangneng Liao, Yanrong Lu, Ping Huang
The bidirectional relationship between diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontal disease has drawn great attention; however, the mechanisms underlying their association remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to develop a rhesus monkey model of diabetic periodontitis and explore the potential mechanisms by which DM affects the progression of periodontal disease. Three healthy rhesus monkeys were selected as the control group. Five streptozotocin-induced diabetic rhesus monkeys were chosen as the experimental group...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534601/carotenoid-supplementation-and-retinoic-acid-in-immunoglobulin-a-regulation-of-the-gut-microbiota-dysbiosis
#17
Yi Lyu, Lei Wu, Fang Wang, Xinchun Shen, Dingbo Lin
Dysbiosis, a broad spectrum of imbalance of the gut microbiota, may progress to microbiota dysfunction. Dysbiosis is linked to some human diseases, such as inflammation-related disorders and metabolic syndromes. However, the underlying mechanisms of the pathogenesis of dysbiosis remain elusive. Recent findings suggest that the microbiome and gut immune responses, like immunoglobulin A production, play critical roles in the gut homeostasis and function, and the progression of dysbiosis. In the past two decades, much progress has been made in better understanding of production of immunoglobulin A and its association with commensal microbiota...
April 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534600/the-long-non-coding-rna-neat1-contributes-to-extracellular-matrix-degradation-in-degenerative-human-nucleus-pulposus-cells
#18
Zhi Ruan, Hui Ma, Jing Li, Huiyong Liu, Haoruo Jia, Feng Li
Intervertebral disc degeneration is a complex disease involving genetic and environmental factors and multiple cellular processes. The role and expression of the lncRNA NEAT1 were assessed in intervertebral disc degeneration. NEAT1 expression was assessed in degenerative and control nucleus pulposus using RT-PCR. Western blotting and RT-PCR were also used to investigate p53 and p21 levels in nucleus pulposus tissues. NEAT1 function in degenerative nucleus pulposus cells was assessed with gain- and loss-of-function experiments...
April 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512397/characterization-of-anti-interferon-%C3%AE-antibodies-in-hiv-negative-immunodeficient-patients-infected-with-unusual-intracellular-microorganisms
#19
Jiraprapa Wipasa, Romanee Chaiwarith, Kriangkrai Chawansuntati, Jutarat Praparattanapan, Kritsadee Rattanathammethee, Khuanchai Supparatpinyo
A major characteristic of immunodeficiency associated with life-threatening intracellular infection in adults is the presence of anti-interferon-γ antibodies. Although little is known about the mechanism underlying this syndrome, it is believed that the antibodies inhibit the activity of downstream signaling pathway of interferon-γ. In this study, the characteristics of these antibodies in patients who presented, or have a history of, intracellular infection and were positive to anti-interferon-γ antibodies were investigated...
April 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504479/featured-article-tgf-%C3%AE-1-dominates-extracellular-matrix-rigidity-for-inducing-differentiation-of-human-cardiac-fibroblasts-to-myofibroblasts
#20
Nathan Cho, Shadi E Razipour, Megan L McCain
Cardiac fibroblasts and their activated derivatives, myofibroblasts, play a critical role in wound healing after myocardial injury and often contribute to long-term pathological outcomes, such as excessive fibrosis. Thus, defining the microenvironmental factors that regulate the phenotype of cardiac fibroblasts and myofibroblasts could lead to new therapeutic strategies. Both chemical and biomechanical cues have previously been shown to induce myofibroblast differentiation in many organs and species. For example, transforming growth factor beta 1, a cytokine secreted by neutrophils, and rigid extracellular matrix environments have both been shown to promote differentiation...
April 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
journal
journal
38115
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"