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Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856106/-prevalence-of-non-carious-cervical-lesions-and-abfractions-of-dental-hard-tissues-in-an-adult-in-different-ages
#1
A K Iordanishvili, D A Chernyj, V V Jankovskij, A K Orlov, K O Drobkova
The article is devoted to gerontostomatological and gender-specific prevalence of non-carious lesions of the hard tissue of teeth in adults. The paper presents data of epidemiological study on prevalence of non-carious lesions of dental hard tissues (high abrasion, erosion, wedge-shaped defects, hyperesthesia). Allocated to four age groups: young adults surveyed--from 22 to 39 years; middle ages--from 40 to 59 years; older--from 60 to 74 years of age; senile age--from 75 to 87 years. To determine the frequency of occurrence of different forms of non-carious lesions of the hard tissue of teeth we have used the following: general scientific and special methods: poll, dental examination, groupings, statistical and mathematical methods of processing sample...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856105/-stress-induced-depression-in-old-age-clinical-characteristics-peculiarities-of-the-psychogenic-situations-and-of-relationships-system
#2
L S Kruglov, Ye Ye Malkova, A V Gnezdilov
In the context of increasing life duration the issue of prevention and treatment approaches to the basic forms of pathology, in particular--neuropsychic, becomes more important. One of these forms widely spread is depression, which is often triggered by stressful situations. The aim of this work was to study the features of stress-induced depression in old age group and to carry out the content analysis of such situations and specific system of relations in this group of patients. A study of 120 patients correctly divided into experimental and control groups with consequent comparative analysis revealed the predominance of depression anxiety component represented in even greater extent than in the general characteristic of the elderly depression, the high significance of stressful factors affecting the nearest environment of patients and the appropriate role of dominance of microsocial components in their system of relations...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856104/-treatment-strategy-for-patients-of-older-age-groups-in-view-of-age-polymorbidity
#3
REVIEW
M A Yakushin, L V Drovnikova
The probability of side effects and complications of drug therapy of patients of older age increases several times. Therefore, during the working out the standards of care for diseases associated with old age, the geriatric expertise of medicine is important. Russian Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics developed a methodology determining the prognostic impact of the aggregate of drugs and other medical factors to the body of an old person. An expert committee to prepare a draft of geriatric standards was set up...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856103/-age-specific-metabolic-therapy-for-alcohol-dependence-in-elderly-patients-with-regard-to-their-akmeological-features
#4
V A Zaplutanov, A A Spikina, V G Belov, U A Parfyonov, Ye V Ermishin
Aocoholism in the elderly determines tne protracted nature or tne pathological craving for etnanol in post-abstinence syndrome period, restricts arsenal of active pharmacotherapy and updates the search for new pharmacological therapeutic strategies. The results showed that the inclusion of the drug "Remaxol" in the treatment of clinical manifestations of craving for ethanol in post-abstinence syndrome period of associated forms of alcoholism in the elderly provides better in relation to conventional therapy dynamics of reduction of somatovegetative and neurological manifestations of alcohol withdrawal syndrome, as well as the main components of craving for alcohol, will increase the efficiency of outpatient treatment at the stage of remission...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856102/-diagnosis-cognition-in-elderly
#5
REVIEW
A G Soloviev, I A Novikova, V V Mestechko
This article provides recommendations for the diagnosis of cognitive in the elderly. An algorithm for the diagnosis of cognitive impairment, including four stages (clinical psychopathological, express psycho-diagnostic, clinical psycho-diagnostic, instrumental), which can be used to identify elderly patients with preclinical forms of cognitive impairment and implementation of primary and secondary prevention efforts is presented; determination of the degree of cognitive impairment (mild, moderate, severe) in the elderly can recommend the future directions of medical and rehabilitation care...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856101/-technology-of-social-work-with-elderly-migrants-international-experience-and-kazakhstan-practice
#6
REVIEW
A B Yessilov, N P Kalashnikova
The article explores the social problems faced by elderly migrants, in particular the elderly immigrants (oralmans), presents the experience of the EU countries for the social support to them, shows aspects of social work with elderly migrants and gives some recommendations on social protection of elderly migrants in Kazakhstan.
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856100/-aging-health-and-active-longevity-semantic-context-of-their-mentioning-in-social-networks
#7
REVIEW
I A Grigoryeva, A S Bikkulov
Traditional media play a large role in shaping the image of oldsters as weak and sick members of society, while the gerontologists say the health of the elderly is quite specific. In a study of the views of the Internet audience, we tried to find out what this IT-competent part of society thinks on aging, what meanings they associate with aging and active longevity.
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856099/-cachexia-as-a-complex-metabolic-syndrome-and-other-causes-of-weight-loss-in-elderly
#8
REVIEW
M F Ballyuzek, M V Mashkova, B P Stepanov
With a growing number of the elderly population, it is important to remember about the potential pathologic conditions, one of the main features of which is the weight loss (cachexia, anorexia, sarcopenia, hypermetabolism/hypercatabolism syndrome and etc.). These processes are interrelated and interdependent, especially in old age, and even modern medical literature does not clearly indicate the boundaries between this syndromes and pathological conditions. For instance, cachexia is a complex metabolic syndrome, resulting in the loss of muscle, but not always fat mass, arises in connection with the development of severe chronic systemic inflammation, which is especially inherent in the elderly, often accompanied by anorexia, and may also be part of another "old age syndrome"--sarcopenia...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856098/-psycho-physiological-markers-of-accelerated-aging-among-those-working-with-occupational-hazards
#9
A S Bashkireva, Ye Yu Kachan, M E Kulapina
We assessed the significance of psycho physiological markers of accelerated aging of the function of attention using comparative analysis of two occupational groups in order to reveal how the working process affects mental work capacity. We revealed peculiarities of systemic structure of functions which determine mental work capacity depending on the age and length of service in lorry drivers. It was proved that decrease in the mnestic functions of lorry-drivers takes place 10-15 years earlier compared to the control group...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856097/-psycho-physiological-markers-of-accelerated-aging-among-those-working-with-occupational-hazards
#10
A S Bashkireva, Ye Yu Kachan, M E Kulapina
Using comparative analysis of two occupational groups we assessed the significance of psycho physiological markers of short-term memory accelerated aging in order to reveal how the age-related changes and working process affect mental work capacity. We revealed peculiarities of systemic structure of functions which determine mental work capacity depending on the age and length of service in lorry drivers. It was proved that age and long driving experience affect mnestic functions which show up quantitative and qualitative changes such as reduced volume of memorized information, longer time needed to memorize it, and tendency to diminished accuracy of memorization...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856096/-dynamics-of-twenty-four-hour-monitoring-of-blood-pressure-in-elderly-patients-with-bronchial-asthma
#11
F H Orakova, A M Inarokova, K A Ramazanova, I L Semenova
Twenty-four hour blood pressure monitoring in groups of patients of elderly age with bronchial asthma and hypertension was conducted. The study showed an increased variability of blood pressure and insufficient reduction in night time that leads to development of cardiovascular complications.
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856095/-platelet-aggregation-in-clinically-healthy-persons-of-the-second-coming-of-age-living-in-the-kursk-region
#12
N V Kutafina, I N Medvedev
This work is dedicated to the study of the aggregation of platelet activity in healthy persons the second coming of age. The study group included 146 clinically healthy people of the second coming of age, leading a healthy lifestyle and not having metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. In healthy people of 36-45 years noted the lack of reliable antioxidant dynamics of platelets and levels of lipid peroxidation. Platelet aggregation with a range of inductors in people of 36-60 years confirmed the age-dependent increase of aggregation platelet function...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856094/-assessment-of-energy-needs-and-the-role-of-nutritional-support-in-senile-patients-with-intestinal-failure-in-orthopedic-surgery-of-high-risk
#13
S I Kirilina, V S Sirota, S A Pervukhin, V M Prokhorenko, V V Pavlov, V S Baitov
The study of anamnestic, clinical, laboratory, endoscopic, morphological parallels of senile patients in knee and hip joints prosthesis shows the presence of intestinal failure while perioperative period. A direct connection between a natural intestinal and immune dysfunction and nutritional deficiency was diagnosed. The use of nutritional-metabolic correction of comorbid pathology and determination of basal metabolism in the perioperative period enabled to normalize indicators of homeostasis, microflora of the colon, indicators of immune status, and get a reduction in the number of early postoperative complications...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856093/-carotid-stenting-experience-in-the-acute-phase-of-ischemic-stroke-in-patients-of-elderly-and-senile-age
#14
A V Smolnikov, K L Kozlov, E Yu Kachesov, V V Tishko, I B Oleksyuk
Age has been shown to be a predictor of neurological complications during carotid stenting (CS). However, carotid stenting in acute period of ischemic stroke has recently been demonstrated safely in patients over 70 and even 80 years. Early intervention is desirable in patients presenting with stroke referable to carotid artery stenosis because of the high incidence of recurrent ischemic events. However, he optimal timing to perform CS in the acute phase of ischemic stroke in elderly remains unclear due to the threat of perioperative complications...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856092/-genetic-and-epigenetic-determinants-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
REVIEW
Ye V Dyukov, N Yu Bachinskaya, V A Cholin, A K Kolyada, A M Vaiserman
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most important economic, medical and social problems in modern society. Numerous studies have highlighted the role of genetic and epigenetic factors in this disease. Increased risk of AD is associated with certain polymorphic variants of the APOE gene, as well as some other, less affecting genes. In the review, recent studies demonstrating the role of genetic and epigenetic factors in the etiology and pathogenesis of AD are discussed.
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856091/-immune-parameters-of-saliva-in-persons-of-different-age-residing-in-st-petersburg-and-leningrad-region
#16
M Ye Malyshev, V V Lobeyko, A K Iordanishvili
The article presents the estimation of indicators of saliva secretory immunity in 109 people of different ages (22-90 years) residing in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region, with no diseases of the salivary glands. The content in saliva IgA, IgM, IgG and secretory IgA, and pro-inflammatory (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α) and anti-inflammatory (IL-1 receptor antagonist, IL-4, IL-10) cytokines was studied by ELISA. The study established that the level of sgA in saliva increases with age, reaching maximum values in a group of elderly people, but content of sIgA in saliva was falling in people of senile age...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856090/-features-of-interrelations-of-homeostatic-systems-as-indicators-of-adaptive-reorganizations-in-elderly
#17
O Yu Kytikova, T A Gvozdenko, L V Veremchuk
The aging process is characterized by progressive limitation of the adaptive capacities of the organism determining the level of human health. The analysis of the functioning systems involved in the adaptation of structural and functional modifications of the-body, is one of the important areas of the research in the medicine. Investigation of mechanisms of adaptive reactions is possible on the basis of an assessment of the correlation of the relationship of homeostatic functions of various body systems. A number of clinical studies during the last decades showed ontogenetic variability of the lipid spectrum of cell membranes, immune, lipid peroxidation-antioxidant protection systems, blood system, involved in the adaptation of the underlying cellular and molecular levels...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856089/-features-of-oxidative-stress-in-the-blood-and-the-synovial-fluid-associated-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#18
V V Vnukov, S B Panina, I V Krolevets, N P Milutina, A A Ananyan, M A Zabrodin, A A Plotnikov
The features of regulation of free radical oxidation in the blood and the synovial fluid have been studied in patients with knee osteoarthritis. The data were obtained from 46 patients with primary knee osteoarthritis (II-III Kellgren-Lawrence grade, aged 63.26 ± 9.18) and 27 healthy controls. It was defined that the blood plasma was characterized by increased superoxide-eliminating activity and a tendency to the increasing of nitrite/nitrate concentration (nitrosative stress biomarkers). The erythrocytes were measured to have the increased concentration of malondialdehyde (secondary product of lipid peroxidation), activation of superoxide dismutase, gIutathione-S-transferase and reduced glutathione peroxidase activity and glutathione content...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856088/-aging-and-osteoarthritis-chronic-nonspecific-inflammation-as-a-link-between-aging-and-osteoarthritis-review
#19
REVIEW
O I Mendel, L V Luchihina, W Mendel
This article presents review on the processes underlying aging and the most common age-associated diseases. Special attention is given to the role of chronic nonspecific inflammation. Based on the literature data it was demonstrated that aging and osteoarthritis have the same basic molecular and cellular mechanisms, among which general are cascades intracellular transcription chronic nonspecific inflammation and metabolic disturbances plays an important role. It is concluded that the process of normal aging is not a disease, but makes the human body, and particularly the musculoskeletal system, susceptible to age-associated changes...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856087/-stress-and-gero-protective-properties-of-20-hydroxyecdysone-and-its-derivatives
#20
R G Savchenko, S A Kostyleva, V N Odinokov, T T Akhmetkireeva, G V Benkovskaya
The long-term stress protective effects have been revealed among newly synthesized 9α-hydroxy-5α-ecdysteroids via a short-term heat stress tests (housefly Musca domestica). An increase as well as a reduce of protective effects for synthesized compounds have been demonstrated in comparison with the reference ecdysteroid 20-hydroxyecdysone, which obtained from the juice of Serratula coronata. The interdependence between stress- and geroprotective properties of the test models with their genotypic features and the structure of ecdvsteroids has been established...
2015: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
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