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American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832889/stressful-life-events-and-self-reported-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-13-24-months-after-live-birth-among-non-hispanic-american-indian-alaska-native-mothers-in-oregon-results-from-a-population-based-survey
#1
Maria N Ness, Kenneth D Rosenberg, Teresa Abrahamson-Richards, Alfredo P Sandoval, Thomas M Weiser, Victoria Warren-Mears
OBJECTIVES: We explored the association between stressful life events and postpartum depressive symptoms among non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) mothers. METHODS: We analyzed self-reports of stressful life events and depressive symptoms from 298 AI/AN respondents and conducted logistic regression to examine their association. RESULTS: Of the AI/AN mothers who responded, 29.7% reported depressive symptoms during their second postpartum year...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832888/american-indian-and-white-adoptees-are-there-mental-health-differences
#2
Ashley L Landers, Sharon M Danes, Kate Ingalls-Maloney, Sandy White Hawk
Adult adoptees are at increased risk for mental health problems compared to nonadoptees. However, little is known about subsets of adoptees that may be more or less vulnerable to mental health problems. The purpose of this study was to explore the presence of mental health problems of American Indian (AI) persons compared to White persons who were separated from their birth families during childhood by foster care and/or adoption. Family systems theory guided the study. AI adoptees reported higher percentages of problems than White adoptees on all mental health problems measures (e...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832887/the-association-between-positive-relationships-with-adults-and-suicide-attempt-resilience-in-american-indian-youth-in-new-mexico
#3
Courtney A FitzGerald, Lynne Fullerton, Dan Green, Meryn Hall, Linda J Peñaloza
This study examined the 2013 New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (NM-YRRS) to determine whether cultural connectedness and positive relationships with adults protected against suicide attempts among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth and whether these relationships differed by gender. The sample included 2,794 AI/AN students in grades 9 to 12 who answered the question about past-year suicide attempts. Protective factor variables tested included relationships with adults at home, school, and the community...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832886/obesogenic-behaviors-self-efficacy-and-depressive-symptoms-in-american-indian-children
#4
Michelle Dennison-Farris, Susan B Sisson, Lancer Stephens, Amanda S Morris, R D Dickens
BACKGROUND: American Indian (AI) children suffer from high rates of obesity, obesity-related disease, obesogenic behaviors, and depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVE: Study was designed to determine the associations between depressive symptoms and obesogenic behaviors in school-aged AI children in Oklahoma. METHODS: Study design was cross-sectional. Depressive symptoms, beverage intake, fruit and vegetable intake, meal frequency, physical activity, and screen time were self-reported...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832885/a-comparison-of-early-adolescent-behavioral-health-risks-among-urban-american-indians-alaska-natives-and-their-peers
#5
Kelly Serfaini, Dennis M Donovan, Dennis C Wendt, Brandon Matsumiya, Carolyn A McCarty
We sought to examine behavioral health indicators for an early adolescent population of American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN) within an urban setting in Washington State. We conducted secondary data analyses from a randomized clinical trial implemented in local middle schools that compared AI/ANs (n = 43), non-Hispanic Whites (n = 620), and other racial/ethnic minority youth (n = 527) across a variety of behavioral health risks. AI/AN youth reported significantly more depressive symptoms than other racial/ethnic minorities as well as non-Hispanic Whites...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562839/changes-in-physical-activity-barriers-among-american-indian-elders-a-pilot-study%C3%A2
#6
Craig N Sawchuk, Joan E Russo, Peter Roy-Byrne, Jack Goldberg, Ralph Forquera, Dedra Buchwald
The objective of the present study was to assess whether selfreported physical activity barriers could be reduced among American Indian elders who participated in a 6-week randomized physical activity trial that compared the use of a pedometer only to that of pedometers with step-count goal setting. Elders (N = 32) were compared on the Barriers to Being Physically Active Quiz after participating in a pilot physical activity trial. Elders were classified into high- and low-barrier groups at baseline and compared on self-reported physical activity, health-related quality of life, pedometer step counts, and 6-minute walk performance...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562838/residential-substance-abuse-treatment-for-urban-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-part-ii-costs
#7
Bentson H McFarland, Dale Walker, Patricia Silk-Walker
The present study examined costs of two residential substance abuse treatment programs designed for urban American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Costs for one agency were well within national norms, while costs at the other program were less than expected from nationwide data. Economies of scale accounted for much of the difference between observed and expected costs. Culturally specific residential substance abuse treatment services can be provided to urban AI/ANs within budgets typically found at mainstream programs...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562837/residential-substance-abuse-treatment-for-urban-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-part-i-services-and-staff
#8
Bentson H McFarland, Dale Walker, Patricia Silk-Walker
Although residential substance abuse treatment is utilized extensively by urban American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs), there are few detailed descriptions of this care. This study delineated services provided by and interviewed staff working at residential programs designed for chemically dependent urban AI/ANs. Study agencies were compared to national data from residential programs serving general population clients. Study agencies delivered arrays of services substantially broader than those provided by general population programs...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562836/healing-the-spirit-exploring-sexualized-trauma-and-recovery-among-indigenous-men-in-toronto
#9
Allison Reeves, Suzanne Stewart
Colonial policies in Canada have led to social disruption and intergenerational trauma across Indigenous nations, contributing to high rates of sexualized violence within many communities. While mental health and social science discourse has identified the harmful impacts of violence against Indigenous women in Canada, there continues to be a lack of focus on the unique mental health needs of Indigenous men in this regard. This article reviews the results of a nationally funded research study which looked at the mental health and healing needs of Indigenous men in Toronto who have experienced sexualized trauma...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562835/academic-achievement-of-american-indian-and-alaska-native-students-does-social-emotional-competence-reduce-the-impact-of-poverty
#10
Jennifer Chain, Valerie B Shapiro, Paul A LeBuffe, Ann McKay Bryson
Social-emotional competence may be a protective factor for academic achievement among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) students. This study used Fisher's r to Z transformations to test for group differences in the magnitude of relationships between social-emotional competence and achievement. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to determine the variance in academic achievement explained by student race, poverty, and social-emotional competence, and the schoolwide percentage of students by race. Data are from 335 students across 6 schools...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562844/development-and-piloting-of-a-brief-intervention-for-suicidal-american-indian-adolescents
#11
Mary F Cwik, Lauren Tingey, Angelita Lee, Rosemarie Suttle, Kristin Lake, John T Walkup, Allison Barlow
American Indian (AI) adolescents have the highest suicide death and attempt rates of any U.S. group, yet few interventions have been developed or evaluated for this population. This paper presents the first adaptation of a brief evidence-based intervention for AI adolescents from one reservation who made a suicide attempt. We describe our community-driven approach to intervention development and a small pilot study (n = 13). Preliminary findings indicate reductions in adolescents' negative thinking, depression, and suicidal ideation, and an increase in psychological service utilization...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562843/the-prostitution-and-trafficking-of-american-indian-alaska-native-women-in-minnesota
#12
Melissa Farley, Sarah Deer, Jacqueline M Golding, Nicole Matthews, Guadalupe Lopez, Christine Stark, Eileen Hudon
We examined social and physical violence experienced by American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) women in prostitution and their impacts on the mental and physical health of 105 women (81% Anishinaabe, mean age = 35 years) recruited through service agencies in three Minnesota cities. In childhood, abuse, foster care, arrests, and prostitution were typical. Homelessness, rape, assault, racism, and pimping were common. The women's most prevalent physical symptoms included muscle pain, impaired memory or concentration, and headaches...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562842/participatory-visual-methods-for-american-indian-communities-and-mental-health-conversations
#13
Allyson Kelley, LaDawn K Medicine Bull, Gary LaFranier
Visual methods serve a unique purpose in that they help generate data that uncover experiences, knowledge, and contextual factors that lead to a greater shared understanding about a topic. We describe the process and results of one American Indian community-based organization's success using visual methods to prompt community conversations about mental health and substance abuse. We uncovered community members' mental health perspectives and experiences through visual vignettes. Our hope is that other communities and funding agencies see the value and promise of visual methods as a valid approach that promotes shared dialogue, decision making, and conversations for future generations...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562841/native-voices-adapting-a-video-based-sexual-health-intervention-for-american-indian-teens-and-young-adults-using-the-adapt-itt-model
#14
Stephanie Craig Rushing, Wendee Gardner
American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth experience disproportionate rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Despite their need for culturally appropriate sexual health interventions, few evidence-based programs have been designed for or rigorously evaluated with AI/AN youth. The primary goal of this study was to adapt a video-based HIV/STI intervention for AI/AN teens and young adults (15-24 years old) living in urban and reservation settings. To capture the heterogeneous experience of AI/AN youth, as well as the viewpoints of adult stakeholders, formative research activities were carried out in collaboration with three geographically dispersed communities in the Pacific Northwest using focus groups and key informant interviews, following the ADAPT-ITT model...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562840/mental-health-service-and-provider-preference-among-american-indians-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Benjamin D Aronson, Michelle Johnson-Jennings, Margarette L Kading, Reid C Smith, Melissa L Walls
In this study, we investigated mental health service and provider preferences of American Indian adults with type 2 diabetes from two tribes in the northern Midwest. Preferences were determined and compared by participant characteristics. After controlling for other factors, living on reservation lands was associated with increased odds of Native provider preference, and decreased odds of biomedical service preference. Anxiety also was associated with decreased odds of biomedical service preference. Spiritual activity engagement and past health care discrimination were associated with increased odds of traditional service preference...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668594/native-generations-a-campaign-addressing-infant-mortality-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-in-urban-areas
#16
Shira Rutman, Julie Loughran, Leah Tanner, Leslie L Randall
This study describes the development and evaluation of Native Generations, a campaign addressing high rates of infant mortality (IM) among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) in urban areas. Campaign development included reviews of literature and previous campaigns, an advisory council, and focus groups. Campaign messages are strength-based, encouraging AI/AN caregivers to utilize available Native-specific resources, including health care, support services, and programming as IM protective factors...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668593/identifying-and-understanding-indigenous-ways-of-evaluating-physical-activity-programs
#17
Erica Blue Roberts, James Butler, Kerry M Green, Kaushal Raj Chaudhary
Indigenous evaluation frameworks have not been investigated in the context of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) physical activity programs, an important area given the relationship between effective physical activity programs and quality of life among these populations. To address this gap, staff members of AI/AN physical activity programs were interviewed to explore their understanding of and experiences with evaluation. Findings suggest that Indigenous evaluation is perceived as narrative and holistic, Indigenous knowledge is used in program decision making, though it is not always acknowledged as evaluation, and there is not a universally desired way to evaluate AI/AN physical activity programs...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668592/an-urban-american-indian-health-clinic-s-response-to-a-community-needs-assessment
#18
Mary Kate Dennis, Sandra L Momper
Utilizing community-based methods, we assessed the behavioral and physical health needs of a Detroit metropolitan Indian health clinic. The project goal was to identify health service needs for urban American Indians/Alaska Natives and develop the infrastructure for culturally competent and integrative behavioral and physical health care. We conducted 38 semi-structured interviews and 12 focus groups with service providers and community members. Interview and focus group data indicated a need for 1) more culturally competent services and providers, 2) more specialized health services, and 3) more transportation options...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668591/community-belonging-and-sedentary-behavior-among-first-nations-adults-in-canada-the-moderating-role-of-income
#19
Scott Anderson, Cheryl L Currie, Jennifer L Copeland, Gerlinde A Metz
This study examined how income and community belonging may interact to influence leisure sedentary behavior among Indigenous adults. Data were obtained from 1,304 First Nations adults who completed the Canadian Community Health Survey in 2012. Among average-income earners, a strong sense of belonging to local community was associated with less sedentary behavior, a finding also documented in the general population. Among low-income earners, a strong sense of belonging to local community was associated with more sedentary behavior, a finding that is novel in the literature...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536899/suicidal-ideation-in-american-indian-alaska-native-and-white-adolescents-the-role-of-social-isolation-exposure-to-suicide-and-overweight
#20
Anna Zamora-Kapoor, Lonnie A Nelson, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker, Katherine A Comtois, Leslie R Walker, Dedra S Buchwald
Social isolation, exposure to suicide, and overweight increase suicidal ideation in adolescents, but no study to date has examined their relative significance in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth. Generalized estimating equations and path analyses were used to measure the significance and mediation of these variables in the suicidal ideation of 721 AI/ANs and 12,107 White adolescents. Social isolation, exposure to suicide, and overweight were risk factors for suicidal ideation in both races, and the associations among the variables of interest and suicidal ideation varied by race...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
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