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American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668594/native-generations-a-campaign-addressing-infant-mortality-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-in-urban-areas
#1
Shira Rutman, Julie Loughran, Leah Tanner, Leslie L Randall
This study describes the development and evaluation of Native Generations, a campaign addressing high rates of infant mortality (IM) among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) in urban areas. Campaign development included reviews of literature and previous campaigns, an advisory council, and focus groups. Campaign messages are strength-based, encouraging AI/AN caregivers to utilize available Native-specific resources, including health care, support services, and programming as IM protective factors...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668593/identifying-and-understanding-indigenous-ways-of-evaluating-physical-activity-programs
#2
Erica Blue Roberts, James Butler Iii, Kerry M Green, Kaushal Raj Chaudhary
Indigenous evaluation frameworks have not been investigated in the context of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) physical activity programs, an important area given the relationship between effective physical activity programs and quality of life among these populations. To address this gap, staff members of AI/AN physical activity programs were interviewed to explore their understanding of and experiences with evaluation. Findings suggest that Indigenous evaluation is perceived as narrative and holistic, Indigenous knowledge is used in program decision making, though it is not always acknowledged as evaluation, and there is not a universally desired way to evaluate AI/AN physical activity programs...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668592/an-urban-american-indian-health-clinic-s-response-to-a-community-needs-assessment
#3
Mary Kate Dennis, Sandra L Momper
Utilizing community-based methods, we assessed the behavioral and physical health needs of a Detroit metropolitan Indian health clinic. The project goal was to identify health service needs for urban American Indians/Alaska Natives and develop the infrastructure for culturally competent and integrative behavioral and physical health care. We conducted 38 semi-structured interviews and 12 focus groups with service providers and community members. Interview and focus group data indicated a need for 1) more culturally competent services and providers, 2) more specialized health services, and 3) more transportation options...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668591/community-belonging-and-sedentary-behavior-among-first-nations-adults-in-canada-the-moderating-role-of-income
#4
Scott Anderson, Cheryl L Currie, Jennifer L Copeland, Gerlinde A Metz
This study examined how income and community belonging may interact to influence leisure sedentary behavior among Indigenous adults. Data were obtained from 1,304 First Nations adults who completed the Canadian Community Health Survey in 2012. Among average-income earners, a strong sense of belonging to local community was associated with less sedentary behavior, a finding also documented in the general population. Among low-income earners, a strong sense of belonging to local community was associated with more sedentary behavior, a finding that is novel in the literature...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536899/suicidal-ideation-in-american-indian-alaska-native-and-white-adolescents-the-role-of-social-isolation-exposure-to-suicide-and-overweight
#5
Anna Zamora-Kapoor, Lonnie A Nelson, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker, Katherine A Comtois, Leslie R Walker, Dedra S Buchwald
Social isolation, exposure to suicide, and overweight increase suicidal ideation in adolescents, but no study to date has examined their relative significance in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth. Generalized estimating equations and path analyses were used to measure the significance and mediation of these variables in the suicidal ideation of 721 AI/ANs and 12,107 White adolescents. Social isolation, exposure to suicide, and overweight were risk factors for suicidal ideation in both races, and the associations among the variables of interest and suicidal ideation varied by race...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536898/shaping-a-stories-of-resilience-model-from-urban-american-indian-elders-narratives-of-historical-trauma-and-resilience
#6
Kerstin M Reinschmidt, Agnes Attakai, Carmella B Kahn, Shannon Whitewater, Nicolette Teufel-Shone
American Indians (AIs) have experienced traumatizing events but practice remarkable resilience to large-scale and long-term adversities. Qualitative, community-based participatory research served to collect urban AI elders' life narratives on historical trauma and resilience strategies. A consensus group of 15 elders helped finalize open-ended questions that guided 13 elders in telling their stories. Elders shared multifaceted personal stories that revealed the interconnectedness between historical trauma and resilience, and between traditional perceptions connecting past and present, and individuals, families, and communities...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536897/epidemiology-of-substance-exposed-pregnancies-at-one-great-lakes-hospital-that-serves-a-large-number-of-american-indians
#7
Jessica D Hanson, Jamie L Jensen, Kelly Campbell, Kaushal Raj Chaudhary, Susan E Puumala
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to determine the prevalence of substance-exposed pregnancies at a hospital in the Great Lakes region of the U.S. METHOD: Data were collected via retrospective chart abstractions of patients who were seen for delivery at one Great Lakes region hospital during a 1-year period who were given at least one of the International Classification of Diseases codes related to substance use. RESULTS: A total of 342 medical records were included in the analysis, and, while much race/ethnicity data were missing, a large percentage of those in our analysis identified as American Indian...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536896/identifying-sexual-health-protective-factors-among-northern-plains-american-indian-youth-an-ecological-approach-utilizing-multiple-perspectives
#8
Emily R Griese, DenYelle Baete Kenyon, Tracey R McMahon
This study examined aspects of the sociocultural context in which American Indian (AI) teen pregnancy occurs, focusing specifically on protective factors for Northern Plains AI youth. Principles of community-based participatory research guided the qualitative data collection from 185 community members (focus groups with AI youth, youth parents, and elders; interviews with health care providers and school personnel) from a reservation and an urban community. Results indicated three protective systems impacted the sexual health and behaviors of AI youth: school, family, and enculturation...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536895/acquired-capability-for-suicide-among-individuals-with-american-indian-alaska-native-backgrounds-within-the-military
#9
Bruno Chiurliza, Matthew S Michaels, Thomas E Joiner
The present study observes a military sample across race to better understand suicide risk among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) individuals utilizing the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide. In a sample of 3,387 Army recruiters, multivariate analysis of variance was used to compare the means across race on acquired capability and pain tolerance. AI/AN individuals demonstrated higher levels of acquired capability for suicide (p = .056) and pain tolerance (p = .028). These findings indicate that acquired capability and pain tolerance are key elements involved in suicide risk among AI/AN individuals within the military...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383097/introduction
#10
Jami Bartgis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383096/culturally-sensitive-assessments-as-a-strength-based-approach-to-wellness-in-native-communities-a-community-based-participatory-research-project
#11
Steven P Verney, Magdalena Avila, Patricia Rodríguez Espinosa, Cecilia Brooke Cholka, Jennifer G Benson, Aihsa Baloo, Caitlin Devin Pozernick
American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) have a unique, traumatic, and alienating history of education in the U.S., which may be directly related to overall health and well-being. Community engagement is critical in well-being research with Native communities, especially when investigating culturally sensitive topics, such as early education experiences. This study investigates the value of a community-based participatory research approach in gaining valuable culturally sensitive information from Native people in a respectful manner...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383095/entrepreneurship-education-a-strength-based-approach-to-substance-use-and-suicide-prevention-for-american-indian-adolescents
#12
Lauren Tingey, Francene Larzelere-Hinton, Novalene Goklish, Allison Ingalls, Todd Craft, Feather Sprengeler, Courtney McGuire, Allison Barlow
American Indian (AI) adolescents suffer the largest disparities in substance use and suicide. Predominating prevention models focus primarily on risk and utilize deficit-based approaches. The fields of substance use and suicide prevention research urge for positive youth development frameworks that are strength based and target change at individual and community levels. Entrepreneurship education is an innovative approach that reflects the gap in available programs. This paper describes the development and evaluation of a youth entrepreneurship education program in partnership with one AI community...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383094/perceptions-and-use-of-community-and-school-based-behavioral-health-services-among-urban-american-indian-alaska-native-youth-and-families
#13
Julie Salvador, Jessica Goodkind, Sarah Feldstein Ewing
Understanding youths' awareness and use of behavioral health services is important for improving services and engagement. Interviews and focus groups were conducted with students, parents, and teachers/staff in an urban area to understand awareness and use of a school's Native-tailored and -staffed school-based behavioral health center (NT-BHC) and community-based services. Results showed overwhelmingly positive responses regarding NT-BHC staff and services, with concerns focused on too few staff and services, and on privacy and confidentiality, as well as important differences in awareness and use of behavioral health services among youth, parents, and teachers/staff, valuable for improving engagement with and services for AI/AN youth...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383093/strength-based-well-being-indicators-for-indigenous-children-and-families-a-literature-review-of-indigenous-communities-identified-well-being-indicators
#14
Jennifer Rountree, Addie Smith
Mainstream child and family well-being indicators frequently are based on measuring health, economic, and social deficits, and do not reflect Indigenous holistic and strength-based definitions of health and well-being. The present article is a review of literature that features Indigenous communities' self-identified strength-based indicators of child and family well-being. The literature search included Indigenous communities from across the world, incorporating findings from American Indians and Alaska Natives, First Nations, Native Hawaiians, Māori, Aboriginal Australians, and Sámi communities...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383092/partnering-with-american-indian-communities-in-strength-based-collaborative-health-research-guiding-principles-from-the-fort-peck-ceremony-of-researchproject
#15
Elizabeth Rink, Elizabeth Ann R Bird, Kris Fourstar, Adriann Ricker, Winona Runs-Above/Meyers, Rachel Hallum-Montes
BACKGROUND: The Ceremony of Research Project was implemented to strengthen tribal communities' ability to harmonize Western research processes with Indigenous ways of knowing. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted with tribal members to understand Indigenous processes, beliefs, and practices necessary to promote positive research experiences with tribal communities. RESULTS: Findings address time; relationship building and maintenance; inclusion of diverse tribal members in the research design, as well as American Indian epistemology; respect for tribal values, beliefs, and customs throughout the research process; and the reciprocity of research...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383091/native-transformations-in-the-pacific-northwest-a-strength-based-model-of-protection-against-substance-use-disorder
#16
Stacy Rasmus, James Allen, William Connor, William Freeman, Monica Skewes
This paper presents findings from the Native Transformations Project, an exploratory community-based participatory research study that aims to identify sources of strength and protection against substance use disorder in three tribal communities in the coastal Pacific Northwest. Preliminary results from the study describe the specific settings, acts, and behaviors that build strengths and provide protection at the family, community, individual, and spiritual levels within coastal Pacific Northwest local tribal cultures...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383090/american-indian-and-alaska-native-resilience-along-the-life-course-and-across-generations-a-literature-review
#17
Christina E Oré, Nicolette I Teufel-Shone, Tara M Chico-Jarillo
Examining American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) resilience using the life course framework could inform public health strategies that support favorable health outcomes, despite adversity (e.g., discrimination, historical loss, comorbidity). A systematic review of peer-reviewed literature published from 1970 to 2015 yielded eight articles on AI/AN life course and resilience. A content analysis identified three themes. AI/AN resilience is 1) an ongoing, dynamic process, 2) evident within linked lives and life transitions, and 3) accessed through cultural knowledge and practice...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383089/american-indian-elders-resilience-sources-of-strength-for-building-a-healthy-future-for-youth
#18
Carmella B Kahn, Kerstin Reinschmidt, Nicolette I Teufel-Shone, Christina E Oré, Michele Henson, Agnes Attakai
This study examined American Indian (AI) elders' resilience to support an intervention to build resilience among AI urban youth. A literature review of peer-reviewed articles that address resilience in AI and other Indigenous elders yielded six studies that focused on intergenerational relationships, culture, and self-identity. In addition, a qualitative research project collected narratives with urban AI elders to document perceptions of resilience and resilience strategies. The combined outcomes of the literature search and research project revealed how resilience is exemplified in elders' lives and how resilience strategies are linked to cultural teachings and values, youth activities, and education...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383088/ego-strengths-racial-ethnic-identity-and-well-being-among-north-american-indian-first-nations-adolescents
#19
Barbara Gfellner
This study investigated associations between ego strengths (psychosocial development), racial/ethnic identity using Multi-Ethnic Identity Measure-Revised (exploration, commitment) and Multidimensional Measure of Racial Identity (centrality, private regard, public regard) dimensions, and personal adjustment/well-being among 178 North American Indian/First Nations adolescents who resided and attended school on reserves. As predicted, ego strengths related directly with centrality, private regard, and the adjustment measures; the moderation of ego strengths for exploration, commitment, and private regard reflected adverse functioning for those with less than advanced ego strengths...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383087/in-their-own-words-success-stories-from-the-great-lakes-native-american-research-center-for-health
#20
Matthew Dellinger, Brian Jackson, Amy Poupart
In 2009, the Great Lakes Native American Research Center for Health (GLNARCH) set out to generate a promotional video that highlights the successes of the program. Ten GLNARCH interns were interviewed and filmed for participation in the promotional video using a documentary production style. During the editing and transcription process, interviewer responses were noted for relevance to theoretical frameworks--specifically, tribal critical race theory, mentoring, and cultural compatibility--which guided GLNARCH program design...
2016: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
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