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American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320877/in-hospital-mortality-length-of-stay-and-discharge-disposition-in-a-cohort-of-rural-and-urban-american-indians-and-alaska-natives
#1
John M Clements, Stephanie J Rhynard
This study uses data from the 2012 National Inpatient Sample to determine if mortality, length of stay, and discharge disposition are different between rural and urban American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) with alcohol abuse, depression, diabetes, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Results show no difference in mortality between groups. Alcohol abuse, depression, and diabetes are less prevalent in rural AI/ANs, and rural patients have shorter lengths of stay and fewer chronic conditions, diagnoses, and procedures...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320876/feasibility-of-a-systems-approach-to-treat-commercial-tobacco-dependence-within-american-indian-health-clinics
#2
Brandie Buckless, Kristine Rhodes, Meggan McCann, Bruce Christiansen, Jean Forster, Anne Joseph
American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) have the highest smoking prevalence, smoking-related disease, and mortality rates of any racial or ethnic group. Three AI health clinics in Minnesota implemented an evidence-based tobacco dependence treatment intervention that included provider education and customized clinical system tools. A baseline assessment of each clinic facility guided the focus of the intervention and tailored the clinical system tools. Clinic staff were assessed with pre/post-training evaluations and annual assessments...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320875/conceptualizing-school-belongingness-in-native-youth-factor-analysis-of-the-psychological-sense-of-school-membership-scale
#3
Shadab Fatima Hussain, Benjamin W Domingue, Teresa LaFromboise, Nidia Ruedas-Gracia
The Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM) scale is widely used to measure school belongingness among adolescents. However, previous studies identify inconsistencies in factor structures across different populations. The factor structure of the PSSM has yet to be examined with American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth, a population of keen interest given reports of their educational and health disparities, and the potential of belongingness as a protective factor against risk behaviors. Thus, this study examined the factor structure of the PSSM in two samples of AI adolescents (N = 349)...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320874/exploring-the-relationship-between-sense-of-coherence-and-historical-trauma-among-american-indian-youth
#4
William Evans, Bret Davis
Historical trauma has been associated with many health and social issues. However, there is little understanding of how American Indian (AI) youth cope with historical trauma. Sense of Coherence (SOC) provides a promising framework for studying the relationship between resiliency and historical trauma, as it is a theorized mechanism that helps individuals cope with ongoing stress. A multi-method study examining the potential relationship between SOC and historical trauma revealed that higher levels of SOC predicted fewer historical trauma-related symptoms and provided rich detail about how an AI youth sample conceptualized stress and coping...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889950/from-ambivalence-to-revitalization-negotiating-cardiovascular-health-behaviors-related-to-environmental-and-historical-trauma-in-a-northwest-american-indian-community
#5
Ramona Beltrán, Katie Schultz, Angela R Fernandez, Karina L Walters, Bonnie Duran, Tessa Evans-Campbell
Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN). Utilizing narratives from members of a Pacific Northwest tribe, this paper explores perceptions about behaviors affecting cardiovascular health through tribal members' lived experiences related to place-based environmental historical trauma. Findings from narrative analysis indicate that ambivalence is an effect of historical trauma and complicates the adoption of protective cardiovascular health behaviors...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889949/screening-for-postpartum-depression-in-american-indian-alaska-native-women-a-comparison-of-two-instruments
#6
Jennifer L Heck
This review examined validation studies of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) to identify an appropriate postpartum depression (PPD) screening tool for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) women in the U.S. Databases were searched using: EPDS paired with psychometric properties or validation and PHQ-9 paired with PPD and psychometric properties or validation, yielding a final sample of 58 articles. Both tools have good internal consistency, but discriminative validity for detecting PPD in women from non-Western cultures is low...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889948/physical-activity-among-navajo-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#7
Jennifer W Bea, Hendrik Dirk de Heer, Luis Valdez, Brian Kinslow, Etta Yazzie, Mark C Lee, Pearl Nez, Shelby Dalgai, Anna Schwartz
Physical activity (PA) may improve quality of life and survival among cancer survivors; however, little is known about Navajo cancer survivor PA. We evaluated Navajo cancer survivor PA habits, barriers, and preferences through focus groups and interviews (n = 32). Transcripts were coded in NVivo and major themes summarized by consensus. Survivor exercise guidelines were largely unknown, but movement, resilience and life balance were valued. Most participants reported at ≥1 mode of current PA (n = 24; 71% walking, 46% work/homesteading)...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889947/demographic-social-and-mental-health-aspects-of-american-indian-and-alaska-native-adolescents-in-hawai-i
#8
Sean M Munnelly, Earl S Hishinuma, Mark Lee, Myra D Smith, Kayne McCarthy
American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) constitute 2.2% of Hawai'i's population. Unfortunately, very little is known about the mental health of AI/AN youth in Hawai'i. The purpose of this study (N = 7,214; 1992-1996) was to describe AI/AN adolescents versus non-AI/AN youth regarding demographic, social, and mental health variables. The results suggested that AI/AN adolescents were more open to different types of social-emotional supports, had relatively more non-traditional families with a smaller social network, and may be more vulnerable to academic and health difficulties, with particular risk for mental health issues for mixed AI/AN-Native Hawaiians...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889946/characteristics-of-substance-abuse-and-self-injury-among-american-indian-adolescents-who-have-engaged-in-binge-drinking
#9
Mary F Cwik, Summer Rosenstock, Lauren Tingey, Novalene Goklish, Francene Larzelere, Rosemarie Suttle, Emily Haroz, Kyle Hill, Mariddie Craig, Allison Barlow
Binge drinking appears to be a risk factor, facilitator, and method of suicidal and non-suicidal self-injury for some American Indian (AI) youth. We examined characteristics, patterns, and motivations for binge use among AI adolescents (N = 69; 10-19 years-old) who recently engaged in binge drinking. The majority used alcohol alone (53.7%) or a combination of alcohol and marijuana (31.3%) for their binge event. Gender differences emerged with boys more severely affected than girls. Forty-seven percent reported lifetime suicidal thoughts...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671860/future-directions-in-disseminating-research-findings-to-urban-alaska-native-people
#10
Aliassa L Shane, Charlene R Apok, Michael J Doyle, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Denise A Dillard, Karen Caindec
Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a tribal health organization based in Anchorage, Alaska, operates and plans health care services in response to the priorities and tribal values of Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people, including traditional concepts of wellness, reciprocity, and working in relationship. In an effort to better incorporate AN/AI priorities and values in research dissemination, the SCF Research Department hosted the Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) in May 2016. In this paper, we describe the communication strategies used by the SCF Public Relations Department, which were shared with Forum attendees, describe attendee recommendations for researchers to consider and implement, and then discuss future directions for dissemination...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671859/community-dissemination-in-a-tribal-health-setting-a-pharmacogenetics-case-study
#11
Julie A Beans, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Charlene R Apok, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard, Renee F Robinson
Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people experience a disproportionate burden of health disparities in the United States. Including AN/AI people in pharmacogenetic research offers an avenue to address these health disparities, however the dissemination of pharmacogenetic research results in the community context can be a challenging task. In this paper, we describe a case-study that explores the preferences of AN/AI community members regarding pharmacogenetic research results dissemination. Results were presented as a PowerPoint presentation at the 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum)...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671858/disseminating-the-results-of-a-depression-management-study-in-an-urban-alaska-native-health-care-system
#12
Lisa G Dirks, Jaedon P Avey, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Denise A Dillard, Karen Caindec, Renee F Robinson
Increased attention to diagnostic accuracy in depression screening and management within primary care has demonstrated inadequate care when patients prematurely discontinue recommended treatments such as medication and counseling. Decision-support tools can enhance the medical decision-making process. In 2010, the Southcentral Foundation (SCF) Research Department developed a stakeholder-driven decision support tool to aid in depression management. This paper describes feedback from attendees at SCF's 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) regarding a dissemination product highlighting the aforementioned study...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671857/disseminating-information-on-trauma-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-in-a-tribal-health-setting-a-case-study
#13
Jaedon P Avey, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Lisa G Dirks, Laurie A Moore, Barbara Beach, Douglas K Novins, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard
Exposure to trauma is consistently associated with co-occurrence of behavioral health disorders. Primary care settings are opportune places to screen for traumatic experiences and symptoms, as they are often the initial point of care for behavioral health concerns by the Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) population. In this case study, we examine results dissemination activities at the SCF Research Department-hosted 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) of a pilot study of a trauma-focused screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (T-SBIRT) process for AN/AI adults in primary care...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671856/alaska-native-health-research-forum-perspectives-on-disseminating-research-findings
#14
Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Julie A Beans, Lisa G Dirks, Jaedon P Avey, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard
In May 2016, Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a regional tribal health corporation based in Anchorage, Alaska convened a half-day health research forum for Alaska Native and American Indian community members to obtain feedback on communication of research findings. Thirty one individuals attended the Forum and 22 completed a pre and post survey. Respondents found the Forum to be a useful method to learn about research projects and their willingness to participate in health research reportedly increased because of the event...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671855/approach-and-methods-of-the-2016-alaska-native-research-forum
#15
Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Jaedon P Avey, Julie A Beans, Lisa G Dirks, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard
Southcentral Foundation, a tribal health organization serving Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people in southcentral Alaska, convened the Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) for AN/AI people in May 2016. The purpose of the Forum was to obtain AN/AI community member feedback about sharing health research results. This article describes the funding mechanism that provided resources for the Forum and other factors that were considered when designing the Forum. This is followed by a description of how attendees were invited, the audience response system, and process used to collect quantitative data on participants and qualitative feedback from small group discussions with Forum attendees...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671854/challenges-in-engaging-and-disseminating-health-research-results-among-alaska-native-and-american-indian-people-in-southcentral-alaska
#16
Denise A Dillard, Karen Caindec, Lisa G Dirks, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka
Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people have negative research experiences, including lack of timely, respectful, and relevant communication about research findings. Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a tribally owned and operated health care organization in Alaska, has redesigned the health care system, enacted research policies, and established a research department which uses best practices of Community Engaged Research with AN/AI people. Department staff and community members, however, perceive significant limitations in the reach of and satisfaction with ongoing engagement and dissemination efforts...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671853/introduction
#17
Denise A Dillard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161456/integrated-care-with-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Melissa E Lewis, Laurelle L Myhra
INTRODUCTION: The integration of behavioral health into medical care is related to positive results including improved patient health outcomes, provider satisfaction, and cost-offset. Indigenous people suffer from the highest health disparities in the nation and disproportionately experience barriers to health care; yet it is unknown if integrated care is effective for this population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was completed on the state of integrated care at Indigenous-serving health care sites in 2014 and was updated in 2016...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161455/responding-to-concerning-posts-on-social-media-insights-and-solutions-from-american-indian-and-alaska-native-youth
#19
Jesse Gritton, Stephanie Craig Rushing, David Stephens, Thomas Ghost Dog, Bradley Kerr, Megan A Moreno
PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents' perspectives on concerning social media posts, including those expressing suicidal intent. METHODS: A purposive sample of AI/AN youth were recruited; trained facilitators conducted focus groups. Participants discussed experiences viewing concerning posts on social media. Qualitative analysis used the constant comparative method. RESULTS: A total of 32 AI/AN youth ages 14-22 participated...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161454/religious-and-spiritual-practices-among-home-less-urban-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-with-severe-alcohol-problems
#20
Dennis C Wendt, Susan E Collins, Lonnie A Nelson, Kelly Serafini, Seema L Clifasefi, Dennis M Donovan
Engagement in religious and spiritual practices may be protective for homeless individuals with alcohol-related problems. However, little is known in this regard for urban-dwelling American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) who have disproportionately high rates of homelessness and co-occurring alcohol use problems. Using secondary data from a nonrandomized controlled study testing a Housing First intervention, AI/AN participants (n = 52) and non-AI/AN participants (n = 82) were compared on demographic variables, alcohol use problems, religious affiliations, and religious/spiritual practices (importance, frequency, and type)...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
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