journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Swiss Medical Weekly

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039629/adolescents-contraception-continuation-in-switzerland-a-prospective-observational-study
#1
Cécile Diserens, Adeline Quach, Patrice Mathevet, Pierluigi Ballabeni, Martine Jacot-Guillarmod
BACKGROUND: Securing the adherence over time to contraception by adolescent girls is a challenge. Until now little was known about this topic in Switzerland. The aim of our study was to determine contraceptive continuation rates among adolescents in this country and assess possible predictive factors for discontinuation. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study of 12- to 19-year-old girls starting contraception was performed. Patients were interviewed again after 1 year by phone, email or postal mail...
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039628/early-versus-late-initiation-of-renal-replacement-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-clinical-trials
#2
Thomas A Mavrakanas, D Ezra Aurian-Blajeni, David M Charytan
AIMS OF THE STUDY: The optimal timing of renal replacement therapy (RRT) initiation in acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a matter of debate. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to better estimate the effects of early initiation of RRT compared with late initiation of RRT among patients with AKI and in patients at risk for AKI. METHODS: A Medline literature research was conducted in PubMed for RCTs in adult patients with AKI that compared different RRT initiation strategies (early vs late)...
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039627/beliefs-endorsement-and-application-of-homeopathy-disclosed-a-survey-among-ambulatory-care-physicians
#3
Stefan Markun, Marc Maeder, Thomas Rosemann, Sima Djalali
BACKGROUND: Explanation models for the effectiveness of homeopathy are not supported by natural sciences and the aggregated evidence from clinical trials is unconvincing. From this standpoint, placebo effects seem the most obvious explanation for the therapeutic effects experienced in homeopathy. Still, many physicians continue to prescribe homeopathic treatments. OBJECTIVES: Whether physicians who prescribe homeopathic treatments aim to achieve placebo effects or actually believe in specific effects is poorly understood...
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039626/an-appreciation-of-sir-adrian-peter-bird-winner-of-the-charles-rodolphe-brupbacher-prize-for-cancer-research-2017
#4
Josef Jiricny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039625/genetic-determinants-of-the-epigenome-in-development-and-cancer
#5
Adrian Bird
Although we have detailed maps of epigenetic marks on DNA and chromatin for many cell types and disease states, the origin and significance of these patterns is incompletely understood. Deregulation of the epigenome is a frequent accompaniment to cancer, and it is therefore important that we learn how it contributes to tumour formation. Here it is proposed that the roles of DNA sequence signals as determinants of the epigenome have been underappreciated. Taking as a paradigm the part played by the dinucleotide CpG in regulating gene expression via its effects on the epigenome, it is suggested that factors recognising other short, frequent sequence motifs also recruit chromatin modifying enzymes in response to DNA sequence...
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039624/factors-associated-with-cessation-of-smoking-among-swiss-adults-between-1991-and-2011-results-from-the-sapaldia-cohort
#6
Diana Ayala-Bernal, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Thierry Rochat, Robert Bettschart, Otto Brändli, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Luc Burdet, Martin Frey, Margaret Gerbase, Marco Pons, Thomas Rothe, Daiana Stolz, Jean-Marie Tschopp, Alexander Turk, Nino Künzli, Christian Schindler
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is still the most preventable cause of disease and premature death in Switzerland, as elsewhere. We aimed to assess the main determinants of smoking cessation in the population-based cohort of SAPALDIA (Swiss Cohort Study on Air Pollution and Lung and Heart Diseases in Adults). METHODS: The SAPALDIA study was initiated in 1991 with 9651 participants aged 18 to 60 years from eight areas (S1). Follow-up assessments were conducted in 2002 (S2; 8047 participants) and 2010/11 (S3; 6088 participants)...
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039623/the-challenge-of-takotsubo-syndrome-heterogeneity-of-clinical-features
#7
Susanne Anna Schlossbauer, Jelena-Rima Ghadri, Frank Scherff, Christian Templin
Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) was first described in 1991 as a rare, spontaneous and completely reversible left ventricular regional systolic dysfunction. Today the incidence of TTS is estimated at 2% in patients with an initial diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Notably, the incidence can be as high as 5.9 to 7.5% in female patients. TTS occurs predominantly in postmenopausal women, but both sexes may be affected, at any age. Acute chest pain or dyspnoea is a characteristic symptom of TTS, but initial presentation can also include more severe disease manifestation such as acute heart failure with pulmonary oedema or haemodynamic instability, especially in an in-hospital setting...
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039622/quality-of-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulation-in-322-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-real-life-data-from-a-survey-in-eastern-switzerland
#8
Micha Tobias Maeder, Tabea König, Sanja Bogdanovic, Irene Schneider, Werner Eugster, Peter Ammann, Marius König, Jürg Beer, Hans Rickli
AIM OF THE STUDY: To better appreciate the role of the non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation in Switzerland we aimed to assess the quality of vitamin K antagonist (VKA) anticoagulation in daily practice. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, clinically stable patients on VKA treatment for non-valvular atrial fibrillation for at least 6 months, documentation of international normalised ratio (INR) values for at least 3 months and with at least two INR values were included...
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975961/outcomes-rates-and-predictors-of-transition-of-isolated-raynaud-s-phenomenon-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Francesca Ingegnoli, Nicola Ughi, Chiara Crotti, Marta Mosca, Chiara Tani
QUESTIONS: Published studies lack clear indicators of risk and predictors of transition from Raynaud's phenomenon (Rp) to connective tissue diseases (CTDs). Therefore, we aimed to study the outcomes, rates and predictors of transition to CTDs in patients with Rp. METHODS: A sensitive search was developed in Medline and Embase. Observational studies reporting incidence and risk factors of transition from Rp to a CTD were analysed by two independent reviewers. The main outcome was the rate of transition to a CTD; the secondary outcome was the evaluation of predictors...
October 4, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975960/survival-from-methicillin-sensitive-staphylococcus-aureus-bloodstream-infections-over-20-years-a-cohort-of-1328-patients
#10
Benedikt J Wiggli, Reno Frei, Reto Laffer, Sarah Tschudin Sutter, Andreas F-X Widmer
PURPOSE: Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections (SA BSI) are associated with substantial mortality. The rapid emergence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), known to be associated with worse outcome, may blur advances made regarding mortality attributed to SA BSI caused by methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) strains. In the unusual setting of a very low MRSA prevalence institution, we investigated incidence, mortality and trends of BSI caused by MSSA over the last 20 years...
October 4, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975959/challenges-of-congenital-heart-disease-in-grown-up-patients
#11
Markus Schwerzmann, Fabienne Schwitz, Corina Thomet, Alexander Kadner, Jean-Pierre Pfammatter, Kerstin Wustmann
Nowadays, more than 90% of all children born with congenital heart disease (CHD) reach adult life. Although initially considered to be cured, the majority of them continue to need specialised follow-up because they require re-do interventions or are at increased risk of cardiovascular complications and premature death. Arrhythmias are the most common cause of unscheduled hospital visits for grown-up CHD (GUCH) patients, accounting for one third of emergency admissions in these patients. Some GUCH patients are also at increased risk for sudden cardiac death...
October 4, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944937/individual-development-and-potential-determinants-of-excess-weight-in-children-and-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Alexandra Papandreou, Matthias Bopp, Julia Braun, Kaspar Staub, David Faeh
OBJECTIVES: Excess body weight is a major public health concern already at a young age. The aim of this study was to track weight status among pupils aged 6-14 years in the City of Zurich, to examine the association between sociodemographic and environmental factors and excess weight at school entry and excess weight gain thereafter. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Data were from the medical examinations routinely performed at public schools in Zurich, the largest city in Switzerland...
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944936/smoking-cessation-in-workplace-settings-quit-rates-and-determinants-in-a-group-behaviour-therapy-programme
#13
Yann Hausherr, Carlos Quinto, Leticia Grize, Christian Schindler, Nicole Probst-Hensch
INTRODUCTION: To capitalise on the opportunities that the smoking ban legislation in Switzerland offers for the prevention of tobacco-related diseases, a smoking cessation programme in a workplace setting was developed and implemented in companies across the language and cultural regions of Switzerland. Our goal was to identify factors associated with relapse into smoking that may be overcome during training sessions or that should be considered for the optimisation of future interventions...
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944935/models-to-predict-readmission-rates-trying-to-sand-the-wings-of-the-boomerang
#14
Thomas Münzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944934/medico-legal-issues-of-body-packing-what-do-clinicians-need-to-know
#15
Simone Cappelletti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944933/emergency-department-management-of-body-packers-and-body-stuffers
#16
Liv Heymann-Maier, Lionel Trueb, Sabine Schmidt, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Olivier Hugli, Eric Heymann, Bertrand Yersin
Trafficking and sale of narcotics frequently involves the intra-abdominal transport of large quantities of drugs, usually cocaine or heroin ("body packing"), or, when there is a risk of being arrested, the oral ingestion of minor quantities of narcotics dedicated for immediate resale ("body stuffing"). This study aimed to describe the characteristics, complications and medical follow through of 132 cases of body packing (n = 36), cases of body stuffing (n = 83) or mixed cases (n = 13), referred by the authorities to our emergency department over the course of 12 years...
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944932/new-treatment-for-non-hodgkin-b-cell-lymphomas-with-a-special-focus-on-the-impact-of-junctional-adhesion-molecules
#17
Beat Albert Imhof, Thomas Matthes
Current therapeutic modalities used for B-cell lymphoma include chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and radiation therapy. Chemotherapy together with anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies forms the cornerstone of therapy and has a curative, as well as a palliative, role in this disease. New treatment modalities targeting specific molecules on the surface of lymphoma cells or intracellular pathways regulating apoptosis, proliferation and cell division are intensively investigated. One such target is JAM-C, a molecule implicated in cell adhesion and in B cell migration and whose inhibition blocks B cells from reaching their supportive microenvironments in lymphoid organs...
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944931/basic-concepts-of-heart-lung-interactions-during-mechanical-ventilation
#18
Martin R Grübler, Olivier Wigger, David Berger, Stefan Blöchlinger
Critically ill patients with the need for mechanical ventilation show complex interactions between respiratory and cardiovascular physiology. These interactions are important as they may guide the clinician's therapeutic decisions and, possibly, affect patient outcome. The aim of the present review is to provide the practicing physician with an overview of the concepts of heart-lung interactions during mechanical ventilation. We outline the basic cardiac and respiratory physiology during spontaneous breathing and under mechanical ventilation...
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871577/right-retroperitoneoscopic-living-donor-nephrectomy-does-not-increase-surgical-complications-in-the-recipient-and-leads-to-excellent-long-term-outcome
#19
Maria Johanna Schaumeier, Alexandra Nagy, Salome Dell-Kuster, Rachel Rosenthal, Stefan Schaub, Michael Dickenmann, Lorenz Gurke, Thomas Wolff
BACKGROUND: Right-sided retroperitoneoscopic living donor nephrectomy (LDN) has been shown to be safe for the donor but it is unknown whether the short renal vein is associated with complications or an impaired long-term outcome in the recipient. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, consecutive transplant recipients after retroperitoneoscopic LDN were enrolled. Complications occurring within 1 year were classified according to the Clavien-Dindo Classification for Surgical Complications and analysed using multivariable logistic regression...
September 5, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871576/first-trimester-combined-screening-for-preeclampsia-and-small-for-gestational-age-a-single-centre-experience-and-validation-of-the-fmf-screening-algorithm
#20
Beatrice Mosimann, Chantal Pfiffner, Sofia Amylidi-Mohr, Lorenz Risch, Daniel Surbek, Luigi Raio
AIM OF THE STUDY: Preeclampsia (PE) is associated with severe maternal and fetal morbidity in the acute presentation and there is increasing evidence that it is also an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease later in life. Therefore, preventive strategies are of utmost importance. The Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) London recently developed a first trimester screening algorithm for placenta-related pregnancy complications, in particular early onset preeclampsia (eoPE) requiring delivery before 34 weeks, and preterm small for gestational age (pSGA), with a birth weight <5th percentile and delivery before 37 weeks of gestation, based on maternal history and characteristics, and biochemical and biophysical parameters...
September 5, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
journal
journal
37164
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"