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Current Pain and Headache Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151223/correction-to-pain-psychological-comorbidities-disability-and-impaired-quality-of-life-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#1
Zarine S Patel, Lauren K Hoffman, Dawn C Buse, Amy S Grinberg, Ladan Afifi, Steven R Cohen, Michelle A Lowes, Elizabeth K Seng
The original version of this article contains an error in the spelling of the title. The title should read: Pain, Psychological Comorbidities, Disability, and Impaired Quality of Life in Hidradenitis Suppurativa.
November 18, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143899/headache-in-resource-limited-settings
#2
REVIEW
Yohannes W Woldeamanuel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the unmet need of headache burden and management in resource-limited settings. It provides a general overview of the nuances and peculiarities of headache disorders in resource-limited settings. The review delivers perspectives and explanations for the emerging burden of both primary and secondary headache disorders. Important discussion on demographic and epidemiologic transition pertinent to low-resource settings is included. A critical analysis of headache disorders is made within the context of growing burden non-communicable disorders in low-resource countries...
November 16, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124490/nerve-blocks-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-headache-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Alexander Sasha Dubrovsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Peripheral nerve blocks of the scalp, mainly greater occipital nerve blocks, have received a renewed interest amongst pediatric providers as they offer an alternate option to provide both acute and chronic relief from the suffering of children with difficult to treat headaches. This narrative review will provide an in-depth discussion of the published pediatric-specific studies exploring the utility of nerve blocks for pediatric headache disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: A total of seven pediatric publications have been reported to date and reveal excellent therapeutic effectiveness of bilateral greater occipital nerve blocks on primary chronic headaches and post-traumatic headaches...
November 9, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094219/pain-psychological-comorbidities-disability-and-impaired-qualify-of-life-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#4
REVIEW
Zarine S Patel, Lauren K Hoffman, Dawn C Buse, Amy S Grinberg, Ladan Afifi, Steven R Cohen, Michelle A Lowes, Elizabeth K Seng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, painful dermatologic disease characterized by recurrent inflammatory nodules and abscesses of intertriginous areas such as the axilla and groin. People with HS suffer from greater pain and associated psychological comorbidities, including depression, anxiety, disability, and impairments in quality of life (QoL), compared to those with other dermatologic conditions. Our review focuses on the occurrence of pain and these relationships...
November 1, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071512/similarities-and-differences-between-migraine-in-children-and-adults-presentation-disability-and-response-to-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Ashley M Kroon Van Diest, Michelle M Ernst, Shalonda Slater, Scott W Powers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review presents findings from investigations of migraine in children and adults. Similarities and differences in the presentation, related consequences, and treatments between children and adults are reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Significant similarities exist in the presentation, disability, and treatments for migraine between children and adults. Despite such similarities, many adult migraine treatments adapted for use in children are not rigorously tested prior to becoming a part of routine care in youth...
October 25, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030748/neuroimaging-of-cavernous-malformations
#6
REVIEW
Maxim Mokin, Siviero Agazzi, Lowell Dawson, Christopher T Primiani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are common vascular abnormalities often discovered on imaging as an incidental finding. The most common clinical presentations of CCMs include seizure, headache, focal neurological deficits, and intracranial hemorrhage. This article discusses the most recent guidelines including imaging diagnostic criteria and radiographic standards of CCMs and reviews the utility of currently available imaging techniques. RECENT FINDINGS: Gradient echo T2*-weighted imaging and susceptibility-weighted imaging are the recommended imaging protocols for evaluation of suspected CCMs...
October 13, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980122/migraine-treatment-in-pregnancy-and-lactation
#7
REVIEW
Anne H Calhoun
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since up to 40.9% of reproductive aged women have migraine-and reproductive-aged women often reproduce-it is essential that we have good information and guidelines regarding proper treatment of migraine during pregnancy and lactation. RECENT FINDINGS: A review of articles published in the last year on the treatment of migraine during pregnancy and lactation found dishearteningly little. Nevertheless, this article will review the risk/safety information related to migraine treatment in both pregnancy and lactation, citing both new and less recent publications...
October 4, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932964/treatment-strategies-for-the-opioid-dependent-patient
#8
REVIEW
Shweta Teckchandani, Meredith Barad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review is intended to help the headache physician think through and plan for management issues concerning the use of opioids. We ask the headache physician to consider if there are instances where prescribing or continuing prescriptions of opiates is plausible, and if so, how can the physician proceed as safely as possible. Our goal is to start a conversation regarding the inevitable encounter with a patient on opiates or requesting opiates. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of opiates in our society has reached a crisis in staggering death and addiction rates...
September 20, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900824/external-nasal-neuralgia-an-update
#9
REVIEW
Hida Nierenburg, Morgane Swift Morris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: External nasal neuralgia is a rare syndrome of atypical facial pain for which there is limited reports in the scientific literature. We aim to review diagnosis and provide an update on treatments for this rare condition. RECENT FINDINGS: Etiology has been documented as post-traumatic due to direct trauma to the nose area and in few case reports, idiopathic. Sensory innervation of the nose arises from the ophthalmic and maxillary divisions of the trigeminal nerve...
September 13, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785964/sleep-in-patients-with-chronic-migraine
#10
REVIEW
Chun-Pai Yang, Shuu-Jiun Wang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The biological and pathophysiological interaction between sleep and chronic migraine (CM) remains to be fully elucidated. In this article, we provide a narrative review of the literature on sleep disturbance and CM, highlighting recent advances in sleep research and insights into mechanisms that could mediate a role of sleep disturbances in migraine chronification. We discuss the potential for cognitive-behavioral insomnia therapy (CBTi) as an intervention for CM with comorbid insomnia...
September 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861722/preoperative-assessment-for-ambulatory-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Amit Prabhakar, Erik Helander, Nikki Chopra, Aaron J Kaye, Richard D Urman, Alan David Kaye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ambulatory surgery has grown in recent decades in volume and represents a significant number of anesthetics delivered throughout the USA. Preoperative anesthetic assessment in the ambulatory setting has become important because patients with numerous complex comorbidities are now commonplace in this arena. Disease states involving the lungs, the heart, the kidneys, and subpopulations including those who are obese and the elderly commonly receive anesthetics in an ambulatory setting...
August 31, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844083/alcohol-use-as-a-comorbidity-and-precipitant-of-primary-headache-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Rachel E Davis-Martin, Ashley N Polk, Todd A Smitherman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In contrast to well-established relationships between headache and affective disorders, the role of alcohol use in primary headache disorders is less clear. This paper provides a narrative overview of research on alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in primary headache and presents a meta-analysis of the role of alcohol as a trigger (precipitant) of headache. RECENT FINDINGS: The majority of studies on AUDs in headache have failed to find evidence that migraine or tension-type headache (TTH) is associated with increased risk for AUDs or problematic alcohol use...
August 26, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842821/association-between-obesity-and-migraine-in-women
#13
REVIEW
Jelena M Pavlovic, Julio R Vieira, Richard B Lipton, Dale S Bond
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Migraine is a common and highly disabling condition that is particularly prevalent among women and especially women of reproductive age. The tremendous rise in adiposity in the Western world has led to an epidemic of obesity in women. The particular effects of obesity on women with migraine of various ages are the focus of this review. RECENT FINDINGS: Conflicting findings from various studies with different approaches and populations have made challenging definitive conclusions about associations between migraine and obesity...
August 25, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791598/opioid-medications-in-the-management-of-chronic-abdominal-pain
#14
REVIEW
Dajie Wang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic abdominal pain is a complex medical condition. The causes of chronic abdominal pain are extremely diverse ranging from chronic pancreatitis, Crohn's disease, to chronic pain with no clear etiology. Treatment of chronic abdominal pain remains a challenge in our clinical practice. While current interventions with celiac plexus blocks and pain medications provide some relief for these patients, but these treatments are typically less efficacious and limited by various adverse effects...
August 8, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779443/new-developments-in-the-prophylactic-drug-treatment-of-pediatric-migraine-what-is-new-in-2017-and-where-does-it-leave-us
#15
REVIEW
Joanne Kacperski, Allyson Bazarsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Headaches in children are quite common; however, the study and characterization of headache disorders in the pediatric age group has historically been limited. Because of the lack of controlled studies on prophylactic treatment of headache disorders in this age group, the diagnosis of migraine rests on criteria similar those in adults. Likewise, data from adult studies is often inferred and applied to children. Although it appears that many preventives are safe in children, currently none are FDA or EMA approved for this age group...
August 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755201/update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension
#16
REVIEW
Peter G Kranz, Michael D Malinzak, Timothy J Amrhein, Linda Gray
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to provide an update on recent developments in the understanding, diagnosis, and treatment of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH). RECENT FINDINGS: SIH is an important cause of headaches caused by spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks, with an increasingly broad spectrum of clinical presentations and diagnostic findings. A simple conception of the condition as being defined by the presence of low CSF pressure is no longer sufficient or accurate...
August 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681219/lash-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#17
REVIEW
William Kingston, Rashmi Halker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to evaluate and explain our current understanding of a very rare disorder, long-lasting autonomic symptoms with associated hemicranias (LASH). RECENT FINDINGS: At present, there are four known cases in the literature of LASH. Its characteristics and reported response to indomethacin link it most closely to the trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs). Its pathophysiology and epidemiology remain unclear. Variance in the pain and autonomic symptom relationship in the existing TAC literature along with the reports of TAC sine headache suggests that LASH may represent a far end of the spectrum of TACs, with most similarities to paroxysmal hemicrania (PH) and hemicrania continua (HC)...
August 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664348/paravertebral-blocks-for-same-day-breast-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Mark R Jones, Graham R Hadley, Alan D Kaye, Philipp Lirk, Richard D Urman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Breast surgery, performed for medical or cosmetic reasons, remains one of the most frequently performed procedures, with over 500,000 cases performed annually in the USA alone. Historically, general anesthesia (GA) has been widely accepted as the gold-standard technique, while epidural anesthesia was largely considered too invasive and thus unnecessary for breast surgery. Over the past years, paravertebral block (PVB) has emerged as an alternative analgesic or even anesthetic technique...
August 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647791/premonitory-symptoms-of-migraine-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#19
REVIEW
N Karsan, P Prabhakar, P J Goadsby
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Premonitory symptoms in migraine; symptoms occurring before the onset of migraine pain or aura, are an increasingly recognised area of interest within headache research. It has been recently documented in the literature that these symptoms also occur in children and adolescents, with a comparable phenotype to adults. This review discusses the wide presentation of premonitory symptoms in migraine in children and adolescents, and the importance of understanding how these early symptoms are mediated in order to ensure that targeted abortive therapies are developed in the future...
July 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551737/recurrent-meningitis
#20
REVIEW
Jon Rosenberg, Benjamin T Galen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recurrent meningitis is a rare clinical scenario that can be self-limiting or life threatening depending on the underlying etiology. This review describes the causes, risk factors, treatment, and prognosis for recurrent meningitis. As a general overview of a broad topic, the aim of this review is to provide clinicians with a comprehensive differential diagnosis to aide in the evaluation and management of a patient with recurrent meningitis. RECENT FINDINGS: New developments related to understanding the pathophysiology of recurrent meningitis are as scarce as studies evaluating the treatment and prevention of this rare disorder...
July 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
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