Read by QxMD icon Read

Current Pain and Headache Reports

Rhondene M Miller, Ronald S Kaiser
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The complicated nature of chronic pain involves an interplay between psychological and physical factors, often resulting in increased emotional distress and reduced quality of life. This review is designed to help the medical practitioner who is working with chronic pain patients to be aware of psychological assessment techniques that can add to comprehensive patient understanding and more effectively guide treatment. Enhanced ability to assess and understand the emotional life of the chronic pain patient provides a basis for intervening and treating more successfully...
March 14, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Shweta Teckchandani, Meredith Barad
The original version of this article contains an error in the gender listing of the first author in the Conflict of Interest statement.
March 6, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Ravi K Grandhi, Alan David Kaye, Alaa Abd-Elsayed
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cervicogenic headache (CHA) is a secondary headache which has a source in the upper cervical spine. Many traditional analgesic choices lack good efficacy in managing the associated pain. As a result, in management of CHA, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or pulse radiofrequency (PRF) has been tried with success. Our study investigated the use of RFA and PRF for the management of CHA. RECENT FINDINGS: In the present investigation, a review of the literature was conducted using PubMed (1966 to February 2017)...
February 23, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Nalini Vadivelu, Alice M Kai, Vijay Kodumudi, Julie Sramcik, Alan D Kaye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The opioid crisis most likely is the most profound public health crisis our nation has faced. In 2015 alone, 52,000 people died of drug overdoses, with over 30,000 of those people dying from opioid drugs. A recent community forum led by the Cleveland Clinic contrasted this yearly death rate with the loss of 58,000 American lives in 4 years of the Vietnam War. The present review describes the origins of this opioid epidemic and provides context for our present circumstances...
February 23, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Mark R Jones, Alan D Kaye, Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Joshua A Hirsch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of chronic pain and prescription opioid abuse has resulted in epidemic problems for patients and clinicians. The consequences are taking a heavy toll on patients, physicians, and society. Specific to radiology, a significant need exists for best practice assessment and treatment approaches for pain management, as patients with chronic pain often undergo radiological tests of unclear clinical relevance. RECENT FINDINGS: The USA is amid an opioid-prescribing epidemic and resultant overdose public health emergency...
February 23, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Mitchell G Miglis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Symptoms of autonomic dysfunction are common in patients with migraine, both during and between migraine attacks. Studies evaluating objective autonomic testing in patients have found significant, though somewhat conflicting results. The purposes of this review are to summarize and interpret the key findings of these studies, including those evaluating heart rate variability, autonomic reflex testing, and functional imaging in patients with migraine. The neuroanatomy of the central autonomic network as it relates to migraine is also reviewed...
February 23, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Timothy Y Mariano, Richard D Urman, Catherine A Hutchison, Robert N Jamison, Robert R Edwards
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a major source of physical and psychiatric morbidity and mortality, and the current overreliance on opioid analgesics has contributed to a burgeoning epidemic in the USA. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an empirically supported treatment for CLBP, but little information exists regarding its potential efficacy for CLBP's precursor condition, subacute low back pain (sALBP), defined here as having a 7-12-week duration. Earlier intervention with CBT at the sALBP stage could produce larger clinical benefits...
February 23, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Jasmin M Dao, William Qubty
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Headache phenotypes can differ between adults and children. While most headaches are due to primary headache disorders, in a small population, they can be an indication of a potentially life-threatening neurologic condition. The challenge lies in identifying warning signs that warrant further workup. This article reviews different types of pediatric headaches and headache evaluation in children and teens, and focuses on the approach for diagnosis of secondary headaches...
February 23, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Shawn C Aylward, Amanda L Way
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an update on pediatric intracranial hypertension. RECENT FINDINGS: The annual pediatric incidence is estimated at 0.63 per 100,000 in the USA and 0.71 per 100,000 in Britain. The Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Treatment Trial found improvement in visual fields, optical coherence tomography, Frisen grade, and quality of life with acetazolamide compared to placebo in adult patients, and these findings have been translated to the pediatric population...
February 13, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Fangfang Xing, R Jason Yong, Alan David Kaye, Richard D Urman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the present investigation is to summarize the body and quality of evidence including the most recent studies in support of intrathecal drug delivery systems and spinal cord stimulation for the treatment of cancer-related pain. RECENT FINDINGS: In the past 3 years, a number of prospective studies have been published supporting intrathecal drug delivery systems for cancer pain. Additional investigation with adjuvants to morphine-based analgesia including dexmedetomidine and ziconotide support drug-induced benefits of patient-controlled intrathecal analgesia...
February 5, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Daniel J Pak, R Jason Yong, Alan David Kaye, Richard D Urman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The development of acute to chronic pain involves distinct pathophysiological changes in the peripheral and central nervous systems. This article reviews the mechanisms, etiologies, and management of chronic pain syndromes with updates from recent findings in the literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) is not limited to major surgeries and can develop after smaller procedures such as hernia repairs. While nerve injury has traditionally been thought to be the culprit for CPSP, it is evident that nerve-sparing surgical techniques are not completely preventative...
February 5, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Ivan Urits, Abra H Shen, Mark R Jones, Omar Viswanath, Alan D Kaye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) refers to a chronic pain condition that is characterized by progressively worsening spontaneous regional pain without dermatomal distribution. The symptomatology includes pain out of proportion in time and severity to the inciting event. The purpose of this review is to present the most current information concerning epidemiology, diagnosis, pathophysiology, and therapy for CRPS. RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years, discovery of pathophysiologic mechanisms of CRPS has led to significant strides in the understanding of the disease process...
February 5, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Jianli Zhao, Yajing Wang, Dajie Wang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a painful debilitating neurological condition that accounts for approximately 1.2% of adult chronic pain population. Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist, is an anesthetic agent that has been used by some pain specialists for CRPS. There is a growing body of clinical evidence to support the use of ketamine in the treatment of neuropathic pain, especially CRPS. This meta-analysis study was aimed to examine the efficacy of ketamine in the treatment of CRPS...
February 5, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Hung-Yu Liu, Kun-Hsien Chou, Wei-Ta Chen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The hippocampus is involved in pain processing, pain-related attention and anxiety, and stress response. The present review compiles the present knowledge of hippocampal volume, activity, and connectivity regarding migraine. RECENT FINDINGS: For hippocampal volume, a longitudinal study discovered decreased volume in newly diagnosed migraine patients after 1 year. Two cross-sectional studies suggested an adaptive increase of volume at low headache frequency and a maladaptive decrease of volume at higher headache frequency...
February 5, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Gemayel Lee, Brittany Grovey, Tim Furnish, Mark Wallace
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many cultures throughout history have used cannabis to treat a variety of painful ailments. Neuropathic pain is a complicated condition that is challenging to treat with our current medications. Recent scientific discovery has elucidated the intricate role of the endocannabinoid system in the pathophysiology of neuropathic pain. As societal perceptions change, and legislation on medical cannabis relaxes, there is growing interest in the use of medical cannabis for neuropathic pain...
February 1, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Brandon A Howard, Lance Roy, Alan David Kaye, Srinivas Pyati
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the current understanding of the role of three-phase bone scintigraphy (TPBS) in the diagnosis and management of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), discuss its advantages and limitations, and present three examples of TPBS patterns typically seen in CRPS patients. RECENT FINDINGS: CRPS is a debilitating disorder frequently presenting with pain to ordinarily non-painful stimuli, redness, swelling, following fractures, stroke, myocardial infarction, surgery, or even minor trauma, and its diagnosis, based on clinical criteria and supportive imaging findings, is difficult...
February 1, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Dajie Wang
Chronic pain is a common medical condition. Patients who suffer uncontrolled chronic pain may require interventions including spinal injections and various nerve blocks. Interventional procedures have evolved and improved over time since epidural injection was first introduced for low back pain and sciatica in 1901. One of the major contributors in the improvement of these interventions is the advancement of imaging guidance technologies. The utilization of image guidance has dramatically improved the accuracy and safety of these interventions...
January 26, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Alaa Abd-Elsayed, Antonioius Anis, Alan David Kaye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Peripheral nerve pain is common among patients with typical management including the use of pain medications, neuropathic agents, steroid injections, and nerve blocks. Additionally, the use of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) can be used in the management of chronic peripheral nerve pain. Previous studies investigating the effectiveness of RFA and PRF, typically case reports, have demonstrated that peripheral nerve RFA and PRF have the potential to provide relief of chronic pain for long duration...
January 25, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Licia Grazzi, Emanuela Sansone, Paul Rizzoli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this short review, the most common non-invasive neuromodulatory techniques will be described, along with their advantages and disadvantages and their application in headache. Available preventive treatments can be unhelpful or may have unpleasant side effects; moreover, the rate of response to preventive drugs does not exceed 50%, lower in chronic migraine; alternative options would be welcome. Though the concept of neuromodulation was originally developed with invasive methods, newer non-invasive techniques are appearing...
January 19, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Nalini Vadivelu, Alice M Kai, Gopal Kodumudi, Julie Sramcik, Alan D Kaye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the following review is to summarize the history and current policies related to marijuana use and prevalence, basic and clinical science pharmacological literature regarding efficacy, subpopulations of concern, and varying policies regarding its use at present. RECENT FINDINGS: With the increasingly widespread utilization of marijuana, there is also a growing complexity of public health policy, regulation, and necessity to further assess the medical indications and adverse long-term effects of marijuana use...
January 18, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"