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Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059472/promoting-active-learning-of-graduate-student-by-deep-reading-in-biochemistry-and-microbiology-pharmacy-curriculum
#1
Ren Peng
To promote graduate students' active learning, deep reading of high quality papers was done by graduate students enrolled in biochemistry and microbiology pharmacy curriculum offered by college of life science, Jiangxi Normal University from 2013 to 2015. The number of graduate students, who participated in the course in 2013, 2014, and 2015 were eleven, thirteen and fifteen, respectively. Through deep reading of papers, presentation, and group discussion in the lecture, these graduate students have improved their academic performances effectively, such as literature search, PPT document production, presentation management, specialty document reading, academic inquiry, and analytical and comprehensive ability...
January 6, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032413/variation-in-external-representations-as-part-of-the-classroom-lecture-an-investigation-of-virtual-cell-animations-in-introductory-photosynthesis-instruction
#2
Eric E Goff, Katie M Reindl, Christina Johnson, Phillip McClean, Erika G Offerdahl, Noah L Schroeder, Alan R White
The use of external representations (ERs) to introduce concepts in undergraduate biology has become increasingly common. Two of the most prevalent are static images and dynamic animations. While previous studies comparing static images and dynamic animations have resulted in somewhat conflicting findings in regards to learning outcomes, the benefits of each have been shown individually. Using ERs developed by the Virtual Cell Animation project, we aim to further investigate student learning using different ERs as part of an introductory biology lecture...
December 28, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032403/a-unique-large-scale-undergraduate-research-experience-in-molecular-systems-biology-for-non-mathematics-majors
#3
Ulrike Kappler, Susan L Rowland, Rhianna K Pedwell
Systems biology is frequently taught with an emphasis on mathematical modeling approaches. This focus effectively excludes most biology, biochemistry, and molecular biology students, who are not mathematics majors. The mathematical focus can also present a misleading picture of systems biology, which is a multi-disciplinary pursuit requiring collaboration between biochemists, bioinformaticians, and mathematicians. This article describes an authentic large-scale undergraduate research experience (ALURE) in systems biology that incorporates proteomics, bacterial genomics, and bioinformatics in the one exercise...
December 28, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925371/effective-visual-design-and-communication-practices-for-research-posters-exemplars-based-on-the-theory-and-practice-of-multimedia-learning-and-rhetoric
#4
Rhianna K Pedwell, James A Hardy, Susan L Rowland
Evidence shows that science graduates often do not have the communication skills they need to meet workplace standards and expectations. One common mode of science communication is the poster. In a review of the literature we show that poster design is historically problematic, and that the guidance provided to students as they create posters for assessment is frequently inconsistent. To address this inconsistency we provide some guiding design principles for posters that are grounded in communication theory and the fundamentals of rhetoric...
December 7, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910203/designing-easy-dna-extraction-teaching-creativity-through-laboratory-practice
#5
Endang Susantini, Lisa Lisdiana, Isnawati, Aushia Tanzih Al Haq, Guntur Trimulyono
Subject material concerning Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) structure in the format of creativity-driven laboratory practice offers meaningful learning experience to the students. Therefore, a laboratory practice in which utilizes simple procedures and easy-safe-affordable household materials should be promoted to students to develop their creativity. This study aimed to examine whether designing and conducting DNA extraction with household materials could foster students' creative thinking. We also described how this laboratory practice affected students' knowledge and views...
December 2, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910201/meal-insulin-cycle-a-visual-summary-of-the-biochemical-events-between-meals
#6
Stavros Kalogiannis
In the present article, a scheme that summarizes the biochemical events occurring in the human body after the consumption of a meal is proposed. The scheme illustrates the metabolic sequence as a series of counteracting components occupying opposite positions in a cycle, indicating their opposite actions or physiological states, such as meal versus energy consumption, increase versus decrease of blood glucose levels, and excretion of insulin versus excretion of glucagon. Furthermore, the cycle is complemented by a table indicating the acceleration or inhibition of selected metabolic pathways and actions...
December 2, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873457/using-yeast-to-determine-the-functional-consequences-of-mutations-in-the-human-p53-tumor-suppressor-gene-an-introductory-course-based-undergraduate-research-experience-in-molecular-and-cell-biology
#7
Daria S Hekmat-Scafe, Sara E Brownell, Patricia Chandler Seawell, Shyamala Malladi, Jamie F Conklin Imam, Veena Singla, Nicole Bradon, Martha S Cyert, Tim Stearns
The opportunity to engage in scientific research is an important, but often neglected, component of undergraduate training in biology. We describe the curriculum for an innovative, course-based undergraduate research experience (CURE) appropriate for a large, introductory cell and molecular biology laboratory class that leverages students' high level of interest in cancer. The course is highly collaborative and emphasizes the analysis and interpretation of original scientific data. During the course, students work in teams to characterize a collection of mutations in the human p53 tumor suppressor gene via expression and analysis in yeast...
November 22, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862849/blog-construction-as-an-effective-tool-in-biochemistry-active-learning
#8
Estêvão Cubas Rolim, Julia Martins de Oliveira, Luana T Dalvi, Daniel C Moreira, Natasha Garcia Caldas, Felipe Fernandes Lobo, Démerson André Polli, Élida G Campos, Marcelo Hermes-Lima
To boost active learning in undergraduate students, they were given the task of preparing blogs on topics of clinical biochemistry. This "experiment" lasted for 12 teaching-semesters (from 2008 to 2013), and included a survey on the blogs' usefulness at the end of each semester. The survey (applied in the 2008-2010 period) used a Likert-like questionnaire with eight questions and a 1-to-6 scale, from "totally disagree" to "fully agree." Answers of 428 students were analyzed and indicated overall approval of the blog activity: 86% and 35% of the responses scored 4-to-6 and 6, respectively...
November 14, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807934/semester-long-inquiry-based-molecular-biology-laboratory-transcriptional-regulation-in-yeast
#9
Peter M Oelkers
A single semester molecular biology laboratory has been developed in which students design and execute a project examining transcriptional regulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Three weeks of planning are allocated to developing a hypothesis through literature searches and use of bioinformatics. Common experimental plans address a cell process and how three genes that encode for proteins involved in that process are transcriptionally regulated in response to changing environmental conditions. Planning includes designing oligonucleotides to amplify the putative promoters of the three genes of interest...
November 3, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807926/holiday-songs-for-the-biologist
#10
Richard H Heineman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807923/modeling-of-dna-and-protein-organization-levels-with-cn3d-software
#11
Panagiotis K Stasinakis, Despoina Nicolaou
The molecular structure of living organisms and the complex interactions amongst its components are the basis for the diversity observed at the macroscopic level. Proteins and nucleic acids are some of the major molecular components, and play a key role in several biological functions, such as those of development and evolution. This article presents an educational, bioinformatics-based process, designed to enhance a better understanding of the structure of the above molecules. In addition, by using selected protein molecules, it attempts to clarify protein organization levels and how these are related with the structural and functional diversity, which define the biodiversity of living organisms at the macroscopic level...
November 3, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801537/mutual-benefit-for-foreign-medical-students-and-chinese-postgraduates-a-mixed-team-based-learning-method-overcomes-communication-problems-in-hematology-clerkship
#12
Xianling Chen, Buyuan Chen, Xiaofan Li, Qingxiao Song, Yuanzhong Chen
Hematology is difficult for students to learn. A beneficial education method for hematology clerkship training is required to help students develop clinical skills. Foreign medical students often encounter communication issues in China. To address this issue, Chinese post-graduates from our institute are willing to assist with educating foreign students. Therefore, we propose a mixed team-based learning method (MTBL) which might overcome communication problems in hematology clerkship. Twenty-two foreign medical Students attended a 2-week hematology clerkship in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital...
November 1, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868390/meetings-calendar
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292366/promoting-convergence-the-integrated-graduate-program-in-physical-and-engineering-biology-at-yale-university-a-new-model-for-graduate-education
#14
Dorottya B Noble, Simon G J Mochrie, Corey S O'Hern, Thomas D Pollard, Lynne Regan
In 2008, we established the Integrated Graduate Program in Physical and Engineering Biology (IGPPEB) at Yale University. Our goal was to create a comprehensive graduate program to train a new generation of scientists who possess a sophisticated understanding of biology and who are capable of applying physical and quantitative methodologies to solve biological problems. Here we describe the framework of the training program, report on its effectiveness, and also share the insights we gained during its development and implementation...
November 12, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277577/connecting-common-genetic-polymorphisms-to-protein-function-a-modular-project-sequence-for-lecture-or-lab
#15
Christopher E Berndsen, Byron H Young, Quinlin J McCormick, Raymond A Enke
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in DNA can result in phenotypes where the biochemical basis may not be clear due to the lack of protein structures. With the growing number of modeling and simulation software available on the internet, students can now participate in determining how small changes in genetic information impact cellular protein structure and function. We have developed a modular series of activities to engage lab or lecture students in examining the basis for common phenotypes. The activities range from basic phenotype testing/observation to DNA sequencing and simulation of protein structure and dynamics...
November 12, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27241938/targeting-change-assessing-a-faculty-learning-community-focused-on-increasing-statistics-content-in-life-science-curricula
#16
Loran Carleton Parker, Alyssa M Gleichsner, Omolola A Adedokun, James Forney
Transformation of research in all biological fields necessitates the design, analysis and, interpretation of large data sets. Preparing students with the requisite skills in experimental design, statistical analysis, and interpretation, and mathematical reasoning will require both curricular reform and faculty who are willing and able to integrate mathematical and statistical concepts into their life science courses. A new Faculty Learning Community (FLC) was constituted each year for four years to assist in the transformation of the life sciences curriculum and faculty at a large, Midwestern research university...
November 12, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229632/integration-of-a-zebrafish-research-project-into-a-molecular-biology-course-to-support-critical-thinking-and-course-content-goals
#17
Lisa K Felzien
Engaging undergraduates in research is essential for teaching them to think like scientists, and it has become a desired component of classroom and laboratory instruction. Research projects that span an entire semester expose students to a variety of concepts and techniques and allow students to use experiments to learn scientific principles, understand why specific techniques are applicable, critically analyze varied data, and examine how experimentation leads to acquiring knowledge. To provide an experience with these features, a semester long research project was integrated into a combined lecture and laboratory course, Molecular Biology...
November 12, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229373/a-ten-week-biochemistry-lab-project-studying-wild-type-and-mutant-bacterial-alkaline-phosphatase
#18
D Scott Witherow
This work describes a 10-week laboratory project studying wild-type and mutant bacterial alkaline phosphatase, in which students purify, quantitate, and perform kinetic assays on wild-type and selected mutants of the enzyme. Students also perform plasmid DNA purification, digestion, and gel analysis. In addition to simply learning important techniques, students acquire novel biochemical data in their kinetic analysis of mutant enzymes. The experiments are designed to build on students' work from week to week in a way that requires them to apply quantitative analysis and reasoning skills, reinforcing traditional textbook biochemical concepts...
November 12, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123933/elucidating-concepts-in-drug-design-through-taste-with-natural-and-artificial-sweeteners
#19
James M Lipchock, Sarah V Lipchock
Fundamental concepts in biochemistry important for drug design often lack connection to the macroscopic world and can be difficult for students to grasp, particularly those in introductory science courses at the high school and college level. Educational research has shown that multisensory teaching facilitates learning, but teaching at the high school and college level is almost exclusively limited to the visual and auditory senses. This approach neglects the lifetime of experience our students bring to the classroom in the form of taste perception and makes our teaching less supportive of those with sensory impairment...
November 12, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123831/vertical-integration-of-biochemistry-and-clinical-medicine-using-a-near-peer-learning-model
#20
Alexander J Gallan, Gwynneth D Offner, Karen Symes
Vertical integration has been extensively implemented across medical school curricula but has not been widely attempted in the field of biochemistry. We describe a novel curricular innovation in which a near-peer learning model was used to implement vertical integration in our medical school biochemistry course. Senior medical students developed and facilitated a case-based small group session for first year biochemistry students. Students were surveyed before and after the session on their attitudes about biochemistry, as well as the effectiveness of the session...
November 12, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
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