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International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging

Ana Claudia Gomes Pereira Petisco, Jorge Eduardo Assef, Carlos Alberto de Jesus, Mohamed Hassan Saleh, Jose Eduardo Martins Barbosa, David Costa de Souza Le Bihan, Ibraim Masciarelli França Pinto, Simone Rolim Fernandes Fontes Pedra, Rodrigo Bellio de Mattos Barretto, Amanda Guerra de Moraes Rego Sousa
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality among women in several countries. Early detection of subclinical atherosclerosis (SA) could enable the adoption of preventive measures to avoid cardiovascular events. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of SA in Brazilian asymptomatic postmenopausal women in Framingham Risk Score (FRS) low and intermediate groups. Computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) scans were performed in 138 asymptomatic postmenopausal women (56.1 ± 4.9 years of age) to survey for coronary artery and aortic calcification (CT scan) and assess carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and identify carotid plaques (US)...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Hirofumi Ohtani, Shigeki Kimura, Tomoyo Sugiyama, Keiichi Hishikari, Toru Misawa, Masafumi Mizusawa, Kazuto Hayasaka, Yosuke Yamakami, Keisuke Kojima, Yuichiro Sagawa, Hiroyuki Hikita, Takashi Ashikaga, Atsushi Takahashi, Mitsuaki Isobe
: Few studies have directly compared vascular responses to second-generation drug-eluting stents (DESs). We performed optical coherence tomography examinations in 56 consecutive patients with implanted single stent [19 cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (CoCr-EES), 22 platinum-chromium EES (PtCr-EES), and 15 resolute zotarolimus-eluting stents (R-ZES)] for de novo lesions, and who did not have restenosis at their 9-month follow-up. Neointimal thickness (NIT), stent apposition, and neointimal coverage were assessed in every strut...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Takao Sato, John Jose, Mohamed El-Mawardy, Dmitriy S Sulimov, Ralph Tölg, Gert Richardt, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab
This study investigated the predictors of acute recoil after implantation of everolimus-eluting BRS based on optical coherence tomography (OCT). Thirty-nine patients (56 scaffolds) were enrolled. Acute absolute recoil by quantitative coronary angiography was defined as the difference between the mean diameter of the last inflated balloon (X) and the mean lumen diameter of BRS immediately after balloon deflation (Y). Acute percent recoil was defined as (X - Y) × 100/X. Plaque eccentricity (PE) and plaque composition (PC) were assessed by OCT...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Marco Hernández-Enríquez, Salvatore Brugaletta, David Andreu, Glòria Macià-Muñoz, Mariona Castrejón-Subirá, Silvia Fernández-Suelves, Mar Hernández-Obiols, Ana Paula Dantas, Xavier Freixa, Victoria Martin-Yuste, Oscar Camara, Manel Sabaté
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Takao Sato, John Jose, Mohamed El-Mawardy, Dmitriy S Sulimov, Ralph Tölg, Gert Richardt, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab
Heterogeneity of neointimal thickness is observed after drug-eluting stents implantation in bifurcation lesions (BL). We evaluated the vascular response of everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) struts deployed at BL using optical coherence tomography (OCT). 50 patients (64 scaffolds) underwent follow-up OCT after BRS implantation. Cross-sectional areas of each BL with a side branch more than 1.5 mm were analyzed using OCT every 200 µm. All images were divided into three regions according to shear stress: the 1/2 circumference of the vessel opposite to the ostium (OO), the vessel wall adjacent to the ostium (AO) and the side-branch ostium (SO)...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
P Meimoun, J Clerc, D Ardourel, U Djou, S Martis, T Botoro, F Elmkies, H Zemir, A Luycx-Bore, J Boulanger
To test the usefulness of non-invasive coronary flow reserve (CFR) by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography by comparison to invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) and instantaneous wave-free ratio (IFR), a new vasodilator-free index of coronary stenosis severity, in patients with left anterior descending artery (LAD) stenosis of intermediate severity (IS) and stable coronary artery disease. 94 consecutive patients (mean age 68 ± 10 years) with angiographic LAD stenosis of IS (50-70 % diameter stenosis), were prospectively studied...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Azeem Latib, Antonio Mangieri, Eustachio Agricola, Paolo Denti, Damiano Regazzoli, Francesco Giannini, Marco B Ancona, Fabrizio Monaco, Ottavio Alfieri, Antonio Colombo
An 84-year-old man with cardial senile amyloidosis and severe tricuspid regurgitation was referred for right sided heart failure symptoms. The patient was scheduled for a percutaneous treatment due to the prohibitive risk of surgery. Two MitraClips were implanted using a transjugular approach with successful echocardiographic and clinical results. This case shows the rational of the procedural with a bicuspidalization of the valve demonstrated at the three dimensional transesophageal echocardiography.
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Feras M Ghazawi, Giulia Vinco, Mathieu Walker
Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA) is a rare variant of mitral annulus calcification which presents as a semilunar echodense mass with smooth borders and central areas of echolucency. It is an under-recognized benign entity and can be misdiagnosed for a number of pathologies including tumors, abscesses and thrombi. We present a representative CCMA case and highlight its typical appearance on magnetic resonance imaging.
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Sabha Bhatti, Srikanth Vallurupalli, Stephanie Ambach, Adam Magier, Evan Watts, Vien Truong, Abdul Hakeem, Wojciech Mazur
Cardiac MRI is frequently used in the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis. Feature tracking is a novel method of analyzing myocardial strain at the myocardial borders. We investigated myocardial deformation mechanics of both the right and left ventricles in patients with multiple myeloma with suspected cardiac amyloidosis. Comprehensive strain analysis was performed in 43 patients with multiple myeloma and suspected cardiac amyloidosis. MRI strain by feature tracking was measured using 2D cardiac performance analysis MR software (Tomtec, Germany)...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Zhi-Geng Jin, Zhuo-Qi Zhang, Li-Min Jing, Yu-Jie Wei, Jiao Zhang, Jian-Ping Luo, Sheng-Li Yang, Dong-Xing Ma, Ying Liu, Wei Han, Yong Yang, Hui-Liang Liu
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of dual-axis rotational coronary angiography (DARCA) for coronary lesion assessment by directly comparing with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). From October 2014 to December 2015, 40 patients (58 lesions) who had undergone both DARCA and IVUS were included in the image analysis. The minimum lumen diameter (MLD), lesion length, reference vessel diameter (RVD) and percent diameter stenosis at the same lesion, were identified and assessed. Significant correlation with IVUS was found for DARCA in either lesion length (r = 0...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Jesper J Linde, Mathias Sørgaard, Jørgen T Kühl, Jens D Hove, Henning Kelbæk, Walter B Nielsen, Klaus F Kofoed
The prognostic implications of myocardial computed tomography perfusion (CTP) analyses are unknown. In this sub-study to the CATCH-trial we evaluate the ability of adenosine stress CTP findings to predict mid-term major adverse cardiac events (MACE). In 240 patients with acute-onset chest pain, yet normal electrocardiograms and troponins, a clinically blinded adenosine stress CTP scan was performed in addition to conventional diagnostic evaluation. A reversible perfusion defect (PD) was found in 38 patients (16 %) and during a median follow-up of 19 months (range 12-22 months) 25 patients (10 %) suffered a MACE (cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and revascularizations)...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Tetsuma Kawaji, Hiroki Shiomi, Hiroshi Morishita, Takeshi Morimoto, Charles A Taylor, Shotaro Kanao, Koji Koizumi, Satoshi Kozawa, Kazuhisa Morihiro, Hirotoshi Watanabe, Junichi Tazaki, Masao Imai, Naritatsu Saito, Satoshi Shizuta, Koh Ono, Kaori Togashi, Takeshi Kimura
Non-invasive fractional flow reserve measured by coronary computed tomography angiography (FFRCT) has demonstrated a high diagnostic accuracy for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) in selected patients in prior clinical trials. However, feasibility of FFRCT in unselected population have not been fully evaluated. Among 60 consecutive patients who had suspected significant CAD by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and were planned to undergo invasive coronary angiography, 48 patients were enrolled in this study comparing FFRCT with invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) without any exclusion criteria for the quality of CCTA image...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Kota Talla, Adam A Dmytriw, Elsie Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Alberto M Marra, Nicola Benjamin, Francesco Ferrara, Olga Vriz, Michele D'Alto, Antonello D'Andrea, Anna Agnese Stanziola, Luna Gargani, Antonio Cittadini, Ekkehard Grünig, Eduardo Bossone
The right ventricular outflow tract acceleration time (RVOT-AT) has shown to progressively shorten with increasing degrees of pulmonary pressure. However, the physiologic ranges of RVOT AT are based on small sample sizes and have not been investigated regarding their determining factors. The aim of this study was to investigate reference values and determining factors of RVOT-AT in a large population of healthy subjects and by values described in the literature. In the first part of the study, 1029 healthy subjects (mean age 45...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
J Ribamar Costa, Daniel Chamié, Alexandre A C Abizaid, Expedito Ribeiro, George C Meireles, Maurício Prudente, Carlos A Campos, Juliana P Castro, Ricardo Costa, Pedro A Lemos
We sought to compare, by means of IVUS and OCT imaging, the performance of a novel sirolimus-eluting drug-eluting stent (DES) with biodegradable polymer (Inspiron™) to the Biomatrix™ DES. From the DESTINY trial, a total of 70 randomized patients (2:1) were enrolled in the IVUS substudy (Inspiron™, n = 46; Biomatrix™: n = 20) while 25 patients were evaluated with OCT (Inspiron™, n = 19; Biomatrix™: n = 06) at 9-month follow-up. The main endpoints were % of neointimal tissue obstruction (IVUS) and neointimal stut coverage (OCT) at 9 months...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Christian Cadeddu, Alessandra Piras, Mariele Dessì, Clelia Madeddu, Giovanni Mantovani, Mario Scartozzi, Andreas Hagendorff, Paolo Colonna, Giuseppe Mercuro
Trastuzumab (TZB) has been shown to be extremely effective in breast cancer patients over-expressing HER-2, but careful cardiac monitoring is required when TZB is administered with anthracyclines, since the combination can increase its toxicity. Myocardial deformation indexes associated with speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) have proven to be very sensitive in identifying early myocardial dysfunction. An observational, prospective study was designed to assess TZB-induced cardiac damage using STE in patients with HER-2 positive breast cancer who had been sequentially treated with TZB following epirubicin (EPI)...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Kalie Kebed, Eric Kruse, Karima Addetia, Boguslawa Ciszek, Minnie Thykattil, Brittney Guile, Roberto M Lang, Victor Mor-Avi
Current guidelines recommend that the atria be measured in 2D echocardiographic (2DE) apical views using the method-of-disks (MOD) or area-length (AL) technique as an alternative, although no definitive data exists that these are interchangeable. However, standard apical views maximize the long-axis of the left ventricle, rather than the dimensions of the atria, resulting in atrial foreshortening. We hypothesized that the increase in normal values of atrial volumes in the recent guidelines update was driven by data obtained using either the AL technique or dedicated atrial-focused views, which maximize the longitudinal dimension of the atria and thus provide larger volumes than the MOD measurements in standard apical views...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Aroditis Konstantinos, Pikilidou Maria, Vourvouri Eleni, Hadjistavri Lina, Zebekakis Pantelis, Yovos John, Efthimiadis George, Karvounis Haralambos
Overproduction of thyroid hormones leads to structural as well as functional cardiac changes. Conventional echocardiography but also recently developed sophisticated two-dimensional echocardiography speckle (2D-STE) tracking allow elaborate evaluation of these changes. Our purpose was to investigate the effects of thyroid hormones overproduction on the heart in patients with Graves' disease and changes that occur after 6 months thyrostatic therapy. We conducted a prospective, case-control study of 6 months duration...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Israel Valverde, Shelby Kutty
The purpose of this article is to discuss technical considerations and current applications of three-dimensional (3D) printing in congenital heart disease (CHD). CHD represent an attractive field for the application of 3D printed models, with consistent progress made in the past decade. Current 3D models are able to reproduce complex cardiac and extra-cardiac anatomy including small details with very limited range of errors (<1 mm), so this tool could be of value in the planning of surgical or percutaneous treatments for selected cases of CHD...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Jacobo Kirsch, Felipe Martinez, David Lopez, Gian M Novaro, Craig R Asher
Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a known risk factor for adverse outcomes in the general population and in patients with coronary artery disease. We performed a survey of United States radiologists to evaluate the trends in reporting the presence or absence of CAC on NCCT examinations. An 11 multiple-choice questionnaire was distributed to members of the American College of Radiology, and 530 members participated in the study. Eighty-seven percent of the analyzed group report the presence of CAC on standard CT scans of the chest, and approximately half them (52 %) use a qualitative modifier...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
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