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BMC Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629351/assessing-health-related-quality-of-life-in-urology-a-survey-of-4500-german-urologists
#1
A Schmick, M Juergensen, V Rohde, A Katalinic, A Waldmann
BACKGROUND: Urological diseases and their treatment may negatively influence continence, potency, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Although current guidelines recommend HRQOL assessment in clinical urology, specific guidance on how to assess HRQOL is frequently absent. We evaluated whether and how urologists assess HRQOL and how they determine its practicality. METHODS: A random sample of 4500 (from 5200 identified German urologists) was drawn and invited to participate in a postal survey (an initial letter followed by one reminder after six weeks)...
June 19, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619091/the-usefulness-of-flexible-cystoscopy-for-preventing-double-j-stent-malposition-after-laparoscopic-ureterolithotomy
#2
Jae-Yoon Kim, Seok-Ho Kang, Jun Cheon, Jeong-Gu Lee, Je-Jong Kim, Sung-Gu Kang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of flexible cystoscopy in preventing malpositioning of the ureteral stent after laparoscopic ureterolithotomy in male patients. METHODS: From April 2009 to June 2015, 97 male patients with stones >1.8 cm in the upper ureter underwent intracorporeal double-J stenting of the ureter after laparoscopic ureterolithotomy performed by four different surgeons. In the last 50 patients who underwent laparoscopic ureterolithotomy flexible cystoscopy was performed through the urethral route to confirm the position of the double-J stent, while in the first 47 correct positioning of the stent was confirmed through postoperative KUB...
June 15, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619019/life-after-prostate-cancer-treatment-a-mixed-methods-study-of-the-experiences-of-men-with-sexual-dysfunction-and-their-partners
#3
Jeffrey A Albaugh, Nat Sufrin, Brittany R Lapin, Jacqueline Petkewicz, Sandi Tenfelde
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in men and sexual dysfunction is the most frequently reported long-term side effect of prostate cancer surgery or radiation. The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of men with sexual dysfunction and their partners following prostate cancer treatment. METHODS: Men with sexual dysfunction from either surgical removal or radiation therapy 1-5 years after treatment were interviewed, as well as their partners...
June 15, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615052/intravenous-misplacement-of-the-nephrostomy-catheter-following-percutaneous-nephrostolithotomy-two-case-reports-and-literature-review
#4
Weijin Fu, Zhanbin Yang, Zhibin Xie, Haibiao Yan
BACKGROUND: Intravenous misplacement of a nephrostomy tube after percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (PCNL) is very rare in clinical experiences. This report summarizes the characteristics and management of intravenous misplacement. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two uncommon cases of intravenous nephrostomy catheter misplacement after PCNL from among 4220 patients who underwent PCNL between January 2009 and December 2015. The tip of the tube was located in the inferior vena cava in one case and in the renal vein in the other...
June 14, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610556/toileting-behaviors-and-overactive-bladder-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study-in-china
#5
Dongjuan Xu, Ran Cheng, Aixia Ma, Meng Zhao, Kefang Wang
BACKGROUND: Overactive bladder is more prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes than in those without diabetes. Unhealthy toileting behaviors may be associated with the development and worsening of overactive bladder symptoms. However, little is known about the relationships between toileting behaviors and overactive bladder in patients with diabetes. This study aimed to identify unhealthy toileting behaviors that patients with type 2 diabetes adopted to empty their bladders and investigate the relationships between toileting behaviors and overactive bladder...
June 13, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606069/when-to-perform-bone-scintigraphy-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-prostate-cancer-a-retrospective-study
#6
Yiwei Lin, Qiqi Mao, Bin Chen, Liujiang Wang, Ben Liu, Xiangyi Zheng, Liping Xie
BACKGROUND: To determine when a bone scintigraphy investigation is appropriate in patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 703 newly diagnosed PCa patients who were referred for bone scintigraphy. The association between age, prostate specific antigen (PSA), Gleason score (GS) and bone scintigraphy result were investigated by series of crude or stratified analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 15.08% (106/703) patients had bone metastases...
June 12, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583110/jack-stone-in-the-bladder-case-report-of-a-rare-entity
#7
Duminda Subasinghe, Serozsha Goonewardena, Vickneswaran Kathiragamathamby
BACKGROUND: Jackstone is a bladder stone that has a similar appearance to toy jacks. However review of the English language medical literature revealed only a few previous reports of jackstone calculus. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case in which a large jackstone calculus was incidentally detected during the evaluation of 67 year old male presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms. X-Ray kidney, ureter, bladder showed a large irregular shaped radio-opaque shadow in the pelvic region...
June 5, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558685/predictors-of-survival-outcomes-in-native-sub-saharan-black-men-newly-diagnosed-with-metastatic-prostate-cancer
#8
Jibril Oyekunle Bello
BACKGROUND: Though it is well established that black men are at higher risk of prostate cancer (PCa) very little is known about the disease in native sub Saharan black men. Newly diagnosed metastatic PCa patients treated with primary androgen deprivation therapy were identified and predictors of progression-free survival (PFS) assessed. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with metastatic PCa between 2010 and 2015 in a sub Saharan black population were included in the study...
May 30, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558682/anti-proliferative-potential-of-glucosamine-in-renal-cancer-cells-via-inducing-cell-cycle-arrest-at-g0-g1-phase
#9
Long-Sheng Wang, Shao-Jun Chen, Jun-Feng Zhang, Meng-Nan Liu, Jun-Hua Zheng, Xu-Dong Yao
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most common types of cancer in urological system worldwide. Recently, the anticancer role of Glucosamine has been studied in many types of cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Glucosamine on RCC. METHODS: The effects of Glucosamine on RCC cell proliferation and apoptosis were investigated by MTT assay and Annexin V-FITC Apoptosis assay, respectively in vitro. Cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry after treatment with Glucosamine...
May 30, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549474/a-rare-presentation-of-metastatic-prostate-cancer-initially-a-suspect-for-urothelial-cell-carcinoma-of-the-ureter-a-case-report
#10
Ho Seok Chung, Myung Soo Kim, Yang Hyun Cho, Eu Chang Hwang, Seung Il Jung, Taek Won Kang, Dong Deuk Kwon, Suk Hee Heo, Chan Choi
BACKGROUND: The most common metastatic sites of prostate cancer are the lymph nodes and bone. Ureteral metastasis from prostate cancer is very unusual and only a few cases have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a 76-year-old male with ureteral metastasis of prostate cancer along with a review of the literature. Initially, based on the diagnostic evaluation, urothelial cell carcinoma of the left distal ureter was suspected. Nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision was performed...
May 26, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532455/a-retrospective-study-of-treatment-persistence-and-adherence-to-%C3%AE-blocker-plus-antimuscarinic-combination-therapies-in-men-with-luts-bph-in-the-netherlands
#11
Marcus J Drake, Sally Bowditch, Emilio Arbe, Zalmai Hakimi, Florent Guelfucci, Ikbel Amri, Jameel Nazir
BACKGROUND: To assess treatment persistence and adherence in men ≥45 years of age with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), using prescription records from the Netherlands IMS Lifelink™ LRx database. METHODS: In this retrospective, observational cohort study, we identified men who received combination therapy with an α-blocker plus an antimuscarinic (e.g. solifenacin or tolterodine) between 1 November 2013 and 31 October 2014...
May 22, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482875/qualitative-insights-into-how-men-with-low-risk-prostate-cancer-choosing-active-surveillance-negotiate-stress-and-uncertainty
#12
Emily M Mader, Hsin H Li, Kathleen D Lyons, Christopher P Morley, Margaret K Formica, Scott D Perrapato, Brian H Irwin, John D Seigne, Elias S Hyams, Terry Mosher, Mark T Hegel, Telisa M Stewart
BACKGROUND: Active surveillance is a management strategy for men diagnosed with early-stage, low-risk prostate cancer in which their cancer is monitored and treatment is delayed. This study investigated the primary coping mechanisms for men following the active surveillance treatment plan, with a specific focus on how these men interact with their social network as they negotiate the stress and uncertainty of their diagnosis and treatment approach. METHODS: Thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews at two academic institutions located in the northeastern US...
May 8, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449665/lymphoepithelioma-like-a-variant-of-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-bladder-a-case-report-and-systematic-review-for-optimal-treatment-modality-for-disease-free-survival
#13
Andy W Yang, Aydin Pooli, Subodh M Lele, Ina W Kim, Judson D Davies, Chad A LaGrange
BACKGROUND: Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is a rare high-grade carcinoma that resembles nasopharyngeal lymphoepithelioma and can occur throughout the body. First reported in 1991, bladder LELC has an incidence of about 1% of all bladder carcinomas. Due to its rare occurrence, prognoses and ideal treatment guidelines have not been clearly defined. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed using two terms, "lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma" and "bladder." Review articles, articles in foreign languages, expression studies, and studies not performed in the bladder were excluded...
April 27, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446177/the-susceptibility-to-fosfomycin-of-gram-negative-bacteria-isolates-from-urinary-tract-infection-in-the-czech-republic-data-from-a-unicentric-study
#14
Miroslav Fajfr, Miroslav Louda, Pavla Paterová, Lenka Ryšková, Jaroslav Pacovský, Josef Košina, Helena Žemličková, Miloš Broďák
BACKGROUND: Against a background of rapid increase of β-lactamase-producing or multi-resistant pathogenic bacteria and the resulting lack of effective antibiotic treatment, some older antibiotics have been tested for new therapeutic uses. One of these is fosfomycin, to which according to studies these resistant bacteria are very sensitive. Our study was designed because there is no data on the fosfomycin susceptibility rate in the Czech Republic. METHOD: In this study from January 2013 to June 2014 3295 unique isolates of Gram-negative bacteria which had caused urinary tract infections were examined...
April 26, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431538/a-prospective-and-randomized-comparison-of-rigid-ureteroscopic-to-flexible-cystoscopic-retrieval-of-ureteral-stents
#15
Dehui Lai, Meiling Chen, Shifang Zha, Shawpong Wan
BACKGROUND: Flexible cystoscopy has become an accepted alternative for stent retrieval. However, it is associated with higher cost. Some reports have described experiences of using rigid ureteroscope to retrieve ureteral stents. We compared rigid ureteroscopic to flexible cystoscopic retrieval of ureteral stents in a prospective and randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Three hundred patients treated with ureteral stents between July 2012 and July 2013 were accrued in this study...
April 21, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431537/the-role-of-flower-pollen-extract-in-managing-patients-affected-by-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-all-published-clinical-trials
#16
Tommaso Cai, Paolo Verze, Roberto La Rocca, Umberto Anceschi, Cosimo De Nunzio, Vincenzo Mirone
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is still a challenge to manage for all physicians. We feel that a summary of the current literature and a systematic review to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of flower pollen extract would be helpful for physicians who are considering a phytotherapeutic approach to treating patients with CP/CPPS. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the PubMed and Embase databases up to June 2016 was performed...
April 21, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403849/real-life-persistence-rate-with-antimuscarinic-treatment-in-patients-with-idiopathic-or-neurogenic-overactive-bladder-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-solifenacin
#17
Marloes J Tijnagel, Jeroen R Scheepe, Bertil F M Blok
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that the antimuscarinic treatment of overactive bladder is characterized by low long-term persistence rates. We have investigated the persistence of solifenacin in real life by means of telephonic interviews in a prospective cohort. We included both patients with idiopathic overactive bladder as well as neurogenic overactive bladder. METHODS: From June 2009 until July 2012 patients with idiopathic or neurogenic overactive bladder who were newly prescribed solifenacin were included...
April 13, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388898/urinary-incontinence-mental-health-and-loneliness-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-ireland
#18
Andrew Stickley, Ziggi Ivan Santini, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is associated with worse health among older adults. Little is known however, about its relation with loneliness or the role of mental health in this association. This study examined these factors among older adults in Ireland. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 6903 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 50 collected in the first wave of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) in 2009-11. Information was obtained on the self-reported occurrence (yes/no) and severity (frequency/activity limitations) of UI in the past 12 months...
April 8, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381270/a-rare-diaphragmatic-ureteral-herniation-case-report-endoscopic-and-open-reconstructive-management
#19
Frank C Lin, Jamie S Lin, Samuel Kim, Jonathan R Walker
BACKGROUND: Ureteral herniations are a rare occurrence, generally found incidentally on cross sectional imaging or during surgical intervention for unrelated processes. Several locations of ureteral herniations can occur including the inguinal, femoral, sciatic, obturator, and thoracic regions. While few reports of ureteral hernias are reported in the literature overall, the vast majority of those reported are inguinoscrotal herniations found during evaluation and treatment of inguinal hernias...
April 5, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381267/transperineal-template-guided-saturation-biopsy-aimed-at-sampling-one-core-for-each-milliliter-of-prostate-volume-103-cases-requiring-repeat-prostate-biopsy
#20
Yasushi Nakai, Nobumichi Tanaka, Satoshi Anai, Makito Miyake, Shunta Hori, Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Yosuke Morizawa, Tomomi Fujii, Noboru Konishi, Kiyohide Fujimoto
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the cancer detection rate of prostate cancer using transperineal template-guided saturation biopsy aimed at sampling one core for each milliliter of prostate volume for patients requiring repeated prostate biopsies. METHODS: In total, 103 consecutive patients with repeated prostate biopsies were enrolled in this retrospective study. The number of biopsy cores was defined by prostate volume. In principle, one biopsy core covered 1 mL of prostate volume...
April 5, 2017: BMC Urology
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