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BMC Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915880/increasing-bladder-capacity-by-foot-stimulation-in-rats-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#1
Guoqing Chen, Limin Liao, Zhaoxia Wang, Xing Li, Wenjuan Du
BACKGROUND: This study was to explore the possibility that foot stimulation increased bladder capacity(BC) in rats with neurogenic bladder secondary to T10 spinal cord injuries. METHODS: In 20 awake rats (stimulation group) with T10 spinal cord injuries, 5 repeat cystometrograms (CMGs) were recorded. The 1st and 2nd CMGs were performed without stimulation. The 3rd, 4th, and 5th CMGs were done separately with 1 T, 2 T, and 4 T stimulation, respectively, through a pair of pad electrodes on the skin of the hind foot...
September 15, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915866/should-manual-detorsion-be-a-routine-part-of-treatment-in-testicular-torsion
#2
Arif Demirbas, Demirhan Orsan Demir, Erim Ersoy, Mucahit Kabar, Serkan Ozcan, Mehmet Ali Karagoz, Ozgecan Demirbas, Omer Gokhan Doluoglu
BACKGROUND: It was aimed to investigate the efficiency and reliability of the manual detorsion (MD) procedure in patients diagnosed with testicular torsion (TT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made of the data of 57 patients diagnosed with TT, comprising 20 patients with successful MD (Group I), 28 patients who underwent emergency orchiopexy (Group II), and 9 patients applied with orchiectomy (Group III). The groups were compared in respect of age, and duration of pain...
September 15, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899370/resource-utilization-and-costs-associated-with-the-addition-of-an-antimuscarinic-in-patients-treated-with-an-alpha-blocker-for-the-treatment-of-urinary-symptoms-linked-to-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#3
Antoni Sicras-Mainar, Ruth Navarro-Artieda, Ana Mª Mora, Marta Hernández
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893213/application-and-analysis-of-retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-with-sequential-segmental-renal-artery-clamping-for-patients-with-multiple-renal-tumor-initial-experience
#4
Jundong Zhu, Fan Jiang, Pu Li, Pengfei Shao, Chao Liang, Aiming Xu, Chenkui Miao, Chao Qin, Zengjun Wang, Changjun Yin
BACKGROUND: To explore the feasibility and safety of retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with sequential segmental renal artery clamping for the patients with multiple renal tumor of who have solitary kidney or contralateral kidney insufficiency. METHODS: Nine patients who have undergone retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with sequential segmental renal artery clamping between October 2010 and January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed...
September 11, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888228/transperineal-cryotherapy-for-unresectable-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-preliminary-experience-with-7-male-patients
#5
Qing Zhang, Shiwei Zhang, Shun Zhang, Wei Wang, Xiaozhi Zhao, Yongming Deng, Huibo Lian, Hongqian Guo
BACKGROUND: Radical cystectomy (RC) with pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) and urinary diversion (UD) is considered the standard treatment for muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). In a part of patients, RC procedure is aborted due to unresectable disease, other followed treatment like systemic chemotherapy, radiotherapy or cryotherapy may be a better option. The aim of present study was to report the preliminary results of transperineal cryotherapy for unresectable muscle invasive bladder cancer...
September 9, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886706/can-randall-s-plug-composed-of-calcium-oxalate-form-via-the-free-particle-mechanism
#6
F Grases, O Söhnel
BACKGROUND: The likelihood of a Randall's plug composed of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) forming by the free particle mechanism in a model of kidney with a structure recently described by Robertson was examined at the most favourable conditions for the considered mechanism. METHODS: The Robertson model of the kidney is used in the following development. The classical theory of crystallization was used for calculations. RESULTS: Initial COM nuclei were assumed to form at the beginning of the ascending loop of Henle where the supersaturation with respect to COM has been shown to reach the threshold level for spontaneous nucleation...
September 8, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877694/assembling-and-validating-data-from-multiple-sources-to-study-care-for-veterans-with-bladder-cancer
#7
Florian R Schroeck, Brenda Sirovich, John D Seigne, Douglas J Robertson, Philip P Goodney
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of bladder cancer, research on optimal bladder cancer care is limited. One way to advance observational research on care is to use linked data from multiple sources. Such big data research can provide real-world details of care and outcomes across a large number of patients. We assembled and validated such data including (1) administrative data from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), (2) Medicare claims, (3) data abstracted by tumor registrars, (4) data abstracted via chart review from the national electronic health record, and (5) full text pathology reports...
September 6, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877693/comparison-of-radiofrequency-ablation-and-partial-nephrectomy-for-tumor-in-a-solitary-kidney
#8
Wu Xiaobing, Gong Wentao, Liu Guangxiang, Zhang Fan, Gan Weidong, Guo Hongqian, Zhang Gutian
BACKGROUND: To estimate oncologic and functional outcomes for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) versus partial nephrectomy (PN) for tumors in a solitary kidney. METHODS: Nineteen patients with sporadic renal cell carcinoma in a solitary kidney were treated with RFA, and 21 patients were treated with PN between November 2008 and September 2015. Basic demographic information including age, gender, operative and pathological data, complications, renal function, oncological outcomes, was obtained for each patient...
September 6, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874194/prophylactic-antibiotic-use-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-urinary-tract-catheterization-a-survey-of-members-of-the-society-for-pediatric-urology
#9
Alexander P Glaser, Ilina Rosoklija, Emilie K Johnson, Elizabeth B Yerkes
BACKGROUND: Current organizational guidelines regarding use of antibiotics during urinary tract catheterization are based on limited evidence and are not directly applicable to the pediatric urology population. We seek to improve understanding of this population by first evaluating current practices. This study aims to investigate practice patterns and attitudes of pediatric urologists regarding the use of antibiotics in the setting of urinary tract catheterization. METHODS: An online survey was sent to members of the Society for Pediatric Urology...
September 6, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874193/extranodal-nasal-type-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-with-penile-involvement-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Xiaotian Wang, Zimu Gong, Shawn Xiang Li, Wei Yan, Yongsheng Song
BACKGROUND: Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) usually presents as a localized disease in the nasal cavity; extension to the male genitourinary system is very rare and has been characterized only recently. Most cases present with predominantly extranodal involvement, advanced stage disease, highly aggressive course, and strong association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). While metastasis is common in ENKTLs, the penis is rarely involved in both nasal and non-nasal ENKTLs and only one report was published to date...
September 6, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859655/management-of-large-renal-stones-laparoscopic-pyelolithotomy-versus-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#11
Yunjin Bai, Yin Tang, Lan Deng, Xiaoming Wang, Yubo Yang, Jia Wang, Ping Han
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) remains the standard procedure for large (≥2 cm) renal calculi; however, laparoscopic pyelolithotomy (LPL) can be used as an alternative management procedure. The aim of present study was to compare LPL and PCNL in terms of efficacy and safety for the management of large renal pelvic stones. METHODS: A literature search was performed in Jan 2016 using electronic databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, and EMBASE) to identify relevant studies for the meta-analysis...
August 31, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859653/retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-with-segmental-renal-artery-clamping-for-cancer-of-the-left-upper-calyx-a-case-report
#12
Yajie Yu, Chao Liang, Meiling Bao, Pengfei Shao, Zengjun Wang
BACKGROUND: Currently, the standard treatment for renal pelvis carcinoma is radical nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision. To describe the feasibility of retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with segmental renal artery clamping for cancer of renal pelvis, we report this special case for the first time. CASE PRESENTATION: A 67-year-old woman received this operation. Preoperative ureteroscopy revealed a papillary neoplasm with a pedicle in the upper calyx of the left kidney...
August 31, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859644/predictive-value-of-c-reactive-protein-in-patients-treated-with-sunitinib-for-metastatic-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#13
Martin Pilskog, Christian Beisland, Lars A Akslen, Leif Bostad, Åse Haug, Daniel Heinrich, Karin M Hjelle, Oddbjørn Straume
BACKGROUND: Sunitinib has become mainstay first line treatment for patients with metastatic renal clear cell carcinoma (mRCC). Still, useful predictive markers of response are lacking and urgently needed for clinical decision making. METHODS: In the present study we investigated the predictive value of standard serum markers as well as clinical markers, including C-reactive protein (CRP), Neutrophil to Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and early hypertension (eHTN) in an unselected prospective patient population treated with sunitinib for mRCC...
August 31, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859643/presence-of-transient-hydronephrosis-immediately-after-surgery-has-a-limited-influence-on-renal-function-1%C3%A2-year-after-ileal-neobladder-construction
#14
Takuma Narita, Shingo Hatakeyama, Takuya Koie, Shogo Hosogoe, Teppei Matsumoto, Osamu Soma, Hayato Yamamoto, Tohru Yoneyama, Yuki Tobisawa, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Chikara Ohyama
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract obstruction and postoperative hydronephrosis are risk factor for renal function deterioration after orthotopic ileal neobladder construction. However, reports of relationship between transient hydronephrosis and renal function are limited. We assess the influence of postoperative transient hydronephrosis on renal function in patients with orthotopic ileal neobladder construction. METHODS: Between January 2006 and June 2013, we performed radical cystectomy in 164 patients, and 101 received orthotopic ileal neobladder construction...
August 31, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859618/evaluation-of-noise-hazard-during-the-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-prostate
#15
Huan Xu, Yan-Bo Chen, Meng Gu, Qi Chen, Zhong Wang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate noise hazard during holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP), we designed a study to detect such a risk in this procedure. METHODS: This study was conducted over a 12-month period on 223 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), 121 of whom underwent HoLEP while those remaining underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). A sound level meter was used to detect the exposure of surgeons to noise. The recordings used were in accordance with the standards set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the United States E nvironmental Protection A gency ...
August 31, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851338/a-modified-neo-vagina-procedure-in-a-low-resource-urogynecological-unit-a-case-report-of-a-21%C3%A2-year-old-with-mayer-rokitansky-k%C3%A3-ster-hauser-mrkh-syndrome-operated-at-mbarara-referral-hospital-southwestern-uganda
#16
Musa Kayondo, Joseph Njagi, Peter Kivuniike Mukasa, Tom Margolis
BACKGROUND: Although vaginal agenesis as may occur in Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is a rare condition, it is associated with not only anatomical problems but also serious psychological and social problems like painful sexual intercourse, primary amenorrhea and infertility. Surgery, which is aimed at reconstruction of a vagina of adequate length and width to serve the function, is the main method of treatment. Many methods for vaginal reconstruction have been described but each has its complications and limitations...
August 29, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851333/a-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-antagonist-reduces-serum-adrenal-androgen-levels-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#17
Yoshiyuki Miyazawa, Yoshitaka Sekine, Takahiro Syuto, Masashi Nomura, Hidekazu Koike, Hiroshi Matsui, Yasuhiro Shibata, Kazuto Ito, Kazuhiro Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Adrenal androgens play an important role in the development of castration-resistant prostate cancer therapeutics. The effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists on adrenal androgens has not been studied sufficiently. We measured testicular and adrenal androgen levels in patients treated with a GnRH antagonist. METHODS: This study included 47 patients with histologically proven prostate cancer. All of the patients were treated with the GnRH antagonist degarelix...
August 29, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841863/erratum-to-expression-and-function-of-phosphodiesterases-pdes-in-the-rat-urinary-bladder
#18
Xiaofei Zhu, Kui Zhai, Yue Mi, Guangju Ji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836969/the-application-of-a-novel-integrated-rigid-and-flexible-nephroscope-in-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-for-renal-staghorn-stones
#19
Huan Yang, Jianxing Li, Gang Long, Shaogang Wang
BACKGROUND: Renal staghorn stones are challenging for urologists to ensure maximum stone clearance and minimal morbidity. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has become the gold standard treatment for renal staghorn stones. To assess the safety and efficacy of a novel integrated rigid and flexible percutaneous nephroscope(Rigi-flex nephroscope) in PCNL for renal staghorn stones.We present our initial experience with this new technique. METHODS: From March to July 2016, a prospective analysis of 3 patients with staghorn stones treated with Rigi-flex nephroscope in PCNLunder totally ultrasound guidance by paravertebral block (PVB) anesthesia was done...
August 24, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836968/infrarenal-high-intra-abdominal-testis-fusion-of-t2-weighted-and-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-images-and-pathological-findings
#20
Seiji Hoshi, Yuichi Sato, Junya Hata, Hidenori Akaihata, Soichiro Ogawa, Nobuhiro Haga, Yoshiyuki Kojima
BACKGROUND: Several recent reports have demonstrated that the preoperative sensitivity and accuracy of identifying and locating non-palpable testes increases with the use of conventional MRI, in addition to diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Therefore, pre-operative prediction of the presence and location of testes using imaging techniques may guide management of intra-abdominal testis. Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy is effective for treating patients with intra-abdominal testis; however, long-term testicular function after this procedure has not been clarified...
August 24, 2017: BMC Urology
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