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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438150/intermittent-parathyroid-hormone-improve-bone-microarchitecture-of-the-mandible-and-femoral-head-in-ovariectomized-rats
#1
Ying-Ju Chen, Shun-Ping Wang, Fu-Chou Cheng, Pei-Yu Hsu, Yu-Fen Li, Jay Wu, Heng-Li Huang, Ming-Tzu Tsai, Jui-Ting Hsu
BACKGROUND: Intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH) can be used to treat osteoporosis of the spine and hip. However, whether it can be used to treat osteoporosis of the mandible is unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of applying intermittent PTH to ovariectomized rats on the trabecular bone microarchitecture of the mandible and femoral head. METHODS: Eighteen female rats were divided into three groups: the healthy group, ovariectomized (OVX) group, and OVX + PTH group...
April 24, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431581/sacroiliitis-mimics-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Maria J Antonelli, Marina Magrey
BACKGROUND: Radiographic sacroiliitis is the hallmark of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and detection of acute sacroiliitis is pivotal for early diagnosis of AS. Although radiographic sacroiliitis is a distinguishing feature of AS, sacroiliitis can be seen in a variety of other disease entities. CASE PRESENTATION: We present an interesting case of sacroiliitis in a patient with Paget disease; the patient presented with inflammatory back pain which was treated with bisphosphonate...
April 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431578/is-the-effectiveness-of-patellofemoral-bracing-modified-by-patellofemoral-alignment-and-trochlear-morphology
#3
Xi Zhang, Jillian P Eyles, Joanna Makovey, Matthew J Williams, David J Hunter
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to determine if the effectiveness of patellofemoral bracing as a treatment for patellofemoral osteoarthritis is influenced by patellofemoral joint alignment and trochlear morphology. We hypothesized that those with more extreme patellar malalignment would benefit more from bracing. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients who had received bracing as part of a comprehensive treatment plan for patellofemoral osteoarthritis were selected for this study...
April 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431543/more-complications-in-uncemented-compared-to-cemented-hemiarthroplasty-for-displaced-femoral-neck-fractures-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-201-patients-with-one-year-follow-up
#4
Sophie Moerman, Nina M C Mathijssen, Dieu D Niesten, Roeland Riedijk, Willard J Rijnberg, Sander Koëter, Keetie Kremers van de Hei, Wim E Tuinebreier, Tim L Molenaar, Rob G H H Nelissen, Anne J H Vochteloo
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether cemented or uncemented hemiarthroplasty is the best treatment option in elderly patients with displaced femoral neck fractures. Previous randomized trials comparing cemented and uncemented hemiarthroplasty have conflicting results. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare cemented and uncemented hemiarthroplasty. METHODS: This multicenter parallel-randomized controlled trial included patients of 70 years and older with a displaced femoral neck fracture (Garden type III or IV)...
April 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427427/association-between-the-ossific-nucleus-and-osteonecrosis-in-treating-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-updated-meta-analysis
#5
Rafal Niziol, Michael Elvey, Evangelia Protopapa, Andreas Roposch
BACKGROUND: A meta-analysis concluded that there was no effect of the femoral head ossification and the incidence of osteonecrosis in the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), unless only osteonecrosis grades II-IV were considered. The meta-analysis, limited due to the small number of studies available at that time, identified a need for an update as further research emerges. We observed a trend in recent years towards delaying treatment of DDH in the absence of an ossified nucleus...
April 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427393/correlation-between-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-paraspinal-muscle-atrophy-and-lumbar-facet-joints-degeneration-in-patients-with-lumbar-disc-herniation
#6
Dong Sun, Peng Liu, Jie Cheng, Zikun Ma, Jingpei Liu, Tingzheng Qin
BACKGROUND: To assess the correlation between lumbar disc degeneration (LDD), multifidus muscle atrophy (LMA), and facet joints degeneration in patients with L4-L5 lumbar disc herniation (LDH). METHODS: Sixty patients with L4-L5 LDH diagnosed by a 1.5 T MRI scanner were enrolled in the study group and another 60 patients with non-specific back pain were enrolled in the control group. LDD, LMA, and facet joints degeneration were examined and analyzed independently by two independent orthopedic surgeons using T2-weighted images...
April 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427385/differences-between-native-and-prosthetic-knees-in-terms-of-cross-sectional-morphology-of-the-femoral-trochlea-a-study-based-on-three-dimensional-models-and-virtual-total-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Zhe Du, Shichang Chen, Mengning Yan, Bing Yue, You Wang
BACKGROUND: The cross-sectional morphology of the prosthetic knee is crucial to understanding patellar motion and quadriceps strength after total knee arthroplasty. However, few comparative evaluations of the cross-sectional morphology of the femoral trochlea have been performed in the native knee and currently available femoral implants, and the relationship between the trochlear anatomy of prosthetic components and post-operative patellofemoral complications remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the differences in cross-sectional morphology of the femoral trochlea between native knees and prosthetic femoral components...
April 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424050/in-the-quest-for-degenerative-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-etiology-the-schmorl-s-nodes-model
#8
Janan Abbas, Viviane Slon, Dan Stein, Natan Peled, Israel Hershkovitz, Kamal Hamoud
BACKGROUND: Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS) is a common health problem in the elderly and usually associated with three-joint complex degeneration. Schmorl's nodes (SNs) are described as vertical herniation of the disc into the vertebral body through a weakened part of the end plate that can lead to disc degeneration. Since SNs can harm the spine unit stability, the association between DLSS and SNs is expected. The aim of this study is to shed light on the relationship between degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis and SNs...
April 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420375/silent-progression-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-is-das28-remission-an-insufficient-goal-in-ra-results-from-the-german-remission-plus-cohort
#9
Philipp Sewerin, Stefan Vordenbaeumen, Annika Hoyer, Ralph Brinks, Christian Buchbender, Falk Miese, Christoph Schleich, Sabine Klein, Matthias Schneider, Benedikt Ostendorf
BACKGROUND: Remission is arguably the ultimate therapeutic goal in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Applying modern strategies, clinical remission can be achieved in a substantial number of patients with early RA (ERA). Even in those patients, the number and scope of erosions can increase. We, therefore, investigated the value of MRI for the detection of radiological progression in patients with DAS28 improvement and/or clinical remission of the German Remission-plus cohort. METHODS: Data-sets of 80 RA patients (according to 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria) from the Remission-plus study cohort, who fulfilled the following criteria, were retrospectively analysed: availability of two consecutive MRI scans (low-field MRI, follow-up interval 1 year) of the clinically dominant hand and wrist, and the presence of DAS28 (CRP) scores at both time points, which was used to assess disease activity...
April 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420360/operative-versus-conservative-treatment-of-apophyseal-avulsion-fractures-of-the-pelvis-in-the-adolescents-a-systematical-review-with-meta-analysis-of-clinical-outcome-and-return-to-sports
#10
H Eberbach, L Hohloch, M J Feucht, L Konstantinidis, N P Südkamp, J Zwingmann
BACKGROUND: Avulsion fractures of the pelvic apophyses typically occur in adolescent athletes due to a sudden strong muscle contraction while growth plates are still open. The main goals of this systematic review with meta-analysis were to summarize the evidence on clinical outcome and determine the rate of return to sports after conservative versus operative treatment of avulsion fractures of the pelvis. METHODS: A systematic search of the Ovid database was performed in December 2016 to identify all published articles reporting outcome and return to preinjury sport-level after conservative or operative treatment of avulsion fractures of the pelvis in adolescent patients...
April 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420353/the-influence-of-fatigue-and-chronic-low-back-pain-on-muscle-recruitment-patterns-following-an-unexpected-external-perturbation
#11
Júlia Jubany, Lieven Danneels, Rosa Angulo-Barroso
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) has been associated with altered trunk muscle responses as well as increased muscle fatigability. CLBP patients and fatigued healthy subjects could experience similar neuromuscular strategies to attempt to protect the spine. The current study examined muscle activation differences between healthy and CLBP subjects following a perturbation. In addition, the possible role of muscle fatigue was evaluated by investigating the healthy control subjects in a non-fatigued and a fatigued condition...
April 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420379/distribution-and-symmetrical-patellofemoral-pain-patterns-as-revealed-by-high-resolution-3d-body-mapping-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
S A Boudreau, E N Kamavuako, M S Rathleff
BACKGROUND: Detailed pain mapping of extent and distribution in individuals with patellofemoral pain (PFP) within and around a complex structure such as the knee has yet to be explored. METHODS: Perceptions of on-going pain from adolescents and young adults (N = 35) with long-standing (>10 months) PFP were collected on high-resolution 3D digital body-schema of the knees. Location, area of pain, pain intensity, laterality, worse side of knee pain, symptom duration, and symmetry in bilateral knee pain were recorded...
April 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420364/anterior-inferior-plating-versus-superior-plating-for-clavicle-fracture-a-meta-analysis
#13
Jie Ai, Shun-Li Kan, Hai-Liang Li, Hong Xu, Yang Liu, Guang-Zhi Ning, Shi-Qing Feng
BACKGROUND: The position of plate fixation for clavicle fracture remains controversial. Our objective was to perform a comprehensive review of the literature and quantify the surgical parameters and clinical indexes between the anterior inferior plating and superior plating for clavicle fracture. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched for randomized and non-randomized studies that compared the anterior inferior plating with the superior plating for clavicle fracture...
April 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416022/specific-or-general-exercise-strategy-for-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-does-it-matter-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Alison R Shire, Thor A B Stæhr, Jesper B Overby, Mathias Bastholm Dahl, Julie Sandell Jacobsen, David Høyrup Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Exercise is frequently suggested as a treatment option for patients presenting with symptoms of subacromial impingement syndrome. Some would argue implementing a specific exercise strategy with special focus on correction of kinematic deficits would be superior to general exercise strategy. There is however a lack of evidence comparing such exercise strategies to determine which is the most effective in the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome. The aim of this review is to evaluate whether implementing specific exercise strategies involving resistive exercises are more effective than a general exercise strategy for the treatment of patients with subacromial impingement syndrome...
April 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415980/the-effects-of-bending-speed-on-the-lumbo-pelvic-kinematics-and-movement-pattern-during-forward-bending-in-people-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#15
Sharon M H Tsang, Grace P Y Szeto, Linda M K Li, Dim C M Wong, Millie M P Yip, Raymond Y W Lee
BACKGROUND: Impaired lumbo-pelvic movement in people with low back pain during bending task has been reported previously. However, the regional mobility and the pattern of the lumbo-pelvic movement were found to vary across studies. The inconsistency of the findings may partly be related to variations in the speed at which the task was executed. This study examined the effects of bending speeds on the kinematics and the coordination lumbo-pelvic movement during forward bending, and to compare the performance of individuals with and without low back pain...
April 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410572/incidence-of-infection-following-internal-fixation-of-open-and-closed-tibia-fractures-in-india-infiniti-a-multi-centre-observational-cohort-study
#16
Prakash Doshi, Hitesh Gopalan, Sheila Sprague, Chetan Pradhan, Sunil Kulkarni, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a major public health problem, particularly in India due to the country's rapid urbanization. Tibia fractures are a common and often complicated injury that is at risk of infection following surgical fixation. The primary objectives of this cohort study were to determine the incidence of infection within one year of surgery and to describe the distribution of infections by location and time of diagnosis for tibia fractures in India. METHODS: We conducted a multi-center, prospective cohort study...
April 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407736/large-enchondroma-of-the-thoracic-spine-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Jing Guo, Ju-Zhou Gao, Lian-Jin Guo, Zhi-Xun Yin, Er-Xing He
BACKGROUND: Enchondroma, a subtype of chondroma, originates from the medullary cavity of the bone and produces an expansile growth pattern. Enchondroma located in the spine is rare and a few cases of large thoracic enchondroma have been reported. The authors document a rare case of large enchondroma in the thoracic spine of a 49-year-old woman, and discuss its clinical, radiological and histopathological characteristics. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient presented with rapidly progressive and severe pain on her upper back...
April 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403859/managing-uncertainty-a-qualitative-study-of-surgeons-decision-making-for-one-stage-and-two-stage-revision-surgery-for-prosthetic-hip-joint-infection
#18
Andrew J Moore, Ashley W Blom, Michael R Whitehouse, Rachael Gooberman-Hill
BACKGROUND: Approximately 88,000 primary hip replacements are performed in England and Wales each year. Around 1% go on to develop deep prosthetic joint infection. Between one-stage and two-stage revision arthroplasty best treatment options remain unclear. Our aims were to characterise consultant orthopaedic surgeons' decisions about performing either one-stage or two-stage revision surgery for patients with deep prosthetic infection (PJI) after hip arthroplasty, and to identify whether a randomised trial comparing one-stage with two-stage revision would be feasible...
April 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403854/gait-characterization-in-golden-retriever-muscular-dystrophy-dogs-using-linear-discriminant-analysis
#19
Bodvaël Fraysse, Inès Barthélémy, El Mostafa Qannari, Karl Rouger, Chantal Thorin, Stéphane Blot, Caroline Le Guiner, Yan Chérel, Jean-Yves Hogrel
BACKGROUND: Accelerometric analysis of gait abnormalities in golden retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD) dogs is of limited sensitivity, and produces highly complex data. The use of discriminant analysis may enable simpler and more sensitive evaluation of treatment benefits in this important preclinical model. METHODS: Accelerometry was performed twice monthly between the ages of 2 and 12 months on 8 healthy and 20 GRMD dogs. Seven accelerometric parameters were analysed using linear discriminant analysis (LDA)...
April 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399834/compliance-and-persistence-with-oral-bisphosphonates-for-the-treatment-of-osteoporosis-in-female-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Ji-Heh Park, Eun-Kyoung Park, Dong-Wan Koo, Shinwon Lee, Sun-Hee Lee, Geun-Tae Kim, Seung-Geun Lee
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence with oral bisphosphonates (BPs) can mitigate their therapeutic benefit for osteoporosis and is a significant clinical burden. Most previous studies regarding adherence with oral BPs have focused on postmenopausal osteoporosis, but little attention has been given to patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Thus, we investigated compliance and persistence with oral BPs in the treatment of osteoporosis and analyzed risk factors for poor adherence in female patients with (RA) in real setting...
April 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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