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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905911/prevalence-of-lumbar-spondylosis-and-its-association-with-low-back-pain-among-community-dwelling-japanese-women
#1
Ritsu Tsujimoto, Yasuyo Abe, Kazuhiko Arima, Takayuki Nishimura, Masato Tomita, Akihiko Yonekura, Takashi Miyamoto, Shohei Matsubayashi, Natsumi Tanaka, Kiyoshi Aoyagi, Makoto Osaki
BACKGROUND: Lumbar spondylosis is more prevalent among the middle-aged and elderly, but few population-based studies have been conducted, especially in Japan. The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of lumbar spondylosis and its associations with low back pain among community-dwelling Japanese women. METHODS: Lateral radiographs of the lumbar spine were obtained from 490 Japanese women ≥ 40 years old, and scored for lumbar spondylosis using the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade at lumbar intervertebral level from L1/2 to L5/S1...
December 1, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905906/discordance-between-self-reported-arthritis-and-musculoskeletal-signs-and-symptoms-in-older-women
#2
Tkt Lo, Lynne Parkinson, Michelle Cunich, Julie Byles
BACKGROUND: Arthritis is a gendered disease where women have a higher prevalence and more disability than men with arthritis of the same age. Health survey data is a major source of information for monitoring of the burden of arthritis. The validity of self-reported arthritis and the determinants of its accuracy among women have not been thoroughly studied. The objectives of this study were to: 1) examine the agreement between self-report diagnosed arthritis and musculoskeletal signs and symptoms in community-living older women; 2) estimate the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of self-reported arthritis; and 3) assess the factors associated with the disagreement...
December 1, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903251/prevalence-and-distribution-of-ossification-of-the-supra-interspinous-ligaments-in-symptomatic-patients-with-cervical-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-of-the-spine-a-ct-based-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#3
Kanji Mori, Toshitaka Yoshii, Takashi Hirai, Akio Iwanami, Kazuhiro Takeuchi, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Shoji Seki, Takashi Tsuji, Kanehiro Fujiyoshi, Mitsuru Furukawa, Soraya Nishimura, Kanichiro Wada, Masao Koda, Takeo Furuya, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Tomohiko Hasegawa, Katsushi Takeshita, Atsushi Kimura, Masahiko Abematsu, Hirotaka Haro, Tetsuro Ohba, Masahiko Watanabe, Hiroyuki Katoh, Kei Watanabe, Hiroshi Ozawa, Haruo Kanno, Shiro Imagama, Zenya Ito, Shunsuke Fujibayashi, Masashi Yamazaki, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Atsushi Okawa, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi
BACKGROUND: Supra/interspinous ligaments connect adjacent spinous processes and act as a stabilizer of the spine. As with other spinal ligaments, it can become ossified. However, few report have discussed ossification supra/interspinous ligaments (OSIL), so its epidemiology remains unknown. We therefore aimed to investigate the prevalence and distribution of OSIL in symptomatic patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). METHODS: The participants of our study were symptomatic patients with cervical OPLL who were diagnosed by standard radiographs of the cervical spine...
December 1, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894284/proarrhythmic-risk-and-determinants-of-cardiac-autonomic-dysfunction-in-collagen-induced-arthritis-rats
#4
Ting-Tse Lin, Yen-Ling Sung, Chih-En Wu, Hong Zhang, Yen-Bin Liu, Shien-Fong Lin
BACKGROUNDS: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD), which is two-fold higher than general population. The driving cause of SCD was considered due to lift-threatening arrhythmia where systemic inflammation acts as the pathophysiological basis linking RA to autonomicdysfunction. METHODS: To assess the sympathetic over-activity of "inflammatory reflex", we measured heart rate variability (HRV) in a rat collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model, whose arthritis is induced in Lewis rats by intradermal injection of emulsion of type II collagen...
November 29, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887655/fracture-risk-and-healthcare-resource-utilization-and-costs-among-osteoporosis-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-without-diabetes-mellitus-in-japan-retrospective-analysis-of-a-hospital-claims-database
#5
Masayo Sato, Wenyu Ye, Tomoko Sugihara, Yoshitaka Isaka
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis, osteoporosis-related fractures, and diabetes are considerable health burdens in Japan. Diabetes in patients with osteoporosis has been reported to be associated with increased fracture risk. This retrospective analysis of a Japanese hospital claims database investigated the real-world effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on the incidence of clinical fractures, costs, and healthcare resource utilization in patients with osteoporosis and a subgroup of patients prescribed raloxifene...
November 25, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887616/weak-outcome-predictors-of-multimodal-rehabilitation-at-one-year-follow-up-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-practice-based-evidence-study-from-two-sqrp-centres
#6
Björn Gerdle, Peter Molander, Gunilla Stenberg, Britt-Marie Stålnacke, Paul Enthoven
BACKGROUND: For patients with chronic pain, the heterogeneity of clinical presentations makes it difficult to identify patients who would benefit from multimodal rehabilitation programs (MMRP). Yet, there is limited knowledge regarding the predictors of MMRP's outcomes. This study identifies predictors of outcome of MMRPs at a 12-month follow-up (FU-12) based on data from the Swedish Quality Registry for Pain Rehabilitation (SQRP). METHODS: Patients with chronic pain from two clinical departments in Sweden completed the SQRP questionnaires-background, pain characteristics, psychological symptoms, function, activity/participation, health and quality of life-on three occasions: 1) during their first visit; 2) immediately after the completion of their MMRP; and 3) 12 months after completing the MMRP (n = 227)...
November 25, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884191/gender-differences-in-load-carriage-injuries-of-australian-army-soldiers
#7
Robin Marc Orr, Rodney Pope
BACKGROUND: With the removal of gender restrictions and the changing nature of warfare potentially increasing female soldier exposure to heavy military load carriage, the aim of this research was to determine relative risks and patterns of load carriage related injuries in female compared to male soldiers. METHODS: The Australian Defence Force Occupational Health, Safety and Compensation Analysis and Reporting workplace injury database was searched to identify all reported load carriage injuries...
November 25, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881111/fluid-signal-changes-around-the-knee-on-mri-are-associated-with-increased-volumes-of-subcutaneous-fat-a-case-control-study
#8
Gaunt Trevor, Frank Carey, John Cahir, Andoni Toms
BACKGROUND: Fluid in the subcutaneous fat is a common finding anterior to the knee on MRI. This may be caused by chronic low-grade shearing injuries in patients who are overweight. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a difference in the amount of subcutaneous fat around the knee between patients with these appearances and controls. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study. Following a sample size calculation on pilot data, eighteen sequential patients demonstrating hyper-intense subcutaneous signal changes around the knee on fat-saturated T2-weighted MRI were identified from PACS (18 females, mean age 45, range 31-62)...
November 24, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881114/hypersensitivity-reactions-to-metal-implants-laboratory-options
#9
Anna Maria Carossino, Christian Carulli, Simone Ciuffi, Roberto Carossino, Giorgia Donata Zappoli Thyrion, Roberto Zonefrati, Massimo Innocenti, Maria Luisa Brandi
BACKGROUND: All implant compounds undergo an electrochemical process when in contact with biological fluids, as well as mechanical corrosion due to abrasive wear, with production of metal debris that may inhibit repair processes. None of the commonly-used methods can diagnose implant allergies when used singly, therefore a panel of tests should be performed on allergic patients as pre-operative screening, or when a postoperative metal sensitisation is suspected. METHODS: We analysed patients with painful prostheses and subjects prone to allergies using the Patch Test in comparison with the Lymphocyte Transformation Test...
November 23, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876037/the-efficacy-of-adalimumab-in-psoriatic-arthritis-concomitant-to-overlapping-primary-biliary-cholangitis-and-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-a-case-report
#10
Teresa Del Ross, Amelia Ruffatti, Annarosa Floreani, Ariela Hoxha, Leonardo Punzi
BACKGROUND: The overlap syndrome of primary biliary cholangitis (formerly called primary biliary cirrhosis) and primary sclerosing cholangitis is an extremely rare condition that has never been described in association with other immune-mediated diseases, including psoriatic arthritis. While treatment with anti-Tumour Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α) agents has proved to be effective in inflammatory arthropathies such as psoriatic arthritis, they have been employed in only a limited number of patients with autoimmune hepatitis, and their effectiveness is unclear...
November 22, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876030/long-term-outcomes-following-lower-extremity-press-fit-bone-anchored-prosthesis-surgery-a-5-year-longitudinal-study-protocol
#11
Ruud A Leijendekkers, J Bart Staal, Gerben van Hinte, Jan Paul Frölke, Hendrik van de Meent, Femke Atsma, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Thomas J Hoogeboom
BACKGROUND: Patients with lower extremity amputation frequently suffer from socket-related problems. This seriously limits prosthesis use, level of activity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). An additional problem in patients with lower extremity amputation are asymmetries in gait kinematics possibly accounting for back pain. Bone-anchored prostheses (BAPs) are a possible solution for socket-related problems. Knowledge concerning the level of function, activity and HRQoL after surgery is limited...
November 22, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855684/do-expectancies-of-return-to-work-and-job-satisfaction-predict-actual-return-to-work-in-workers-with-long-lasting-lbp
#12
Jon Opsahl, Hege R Eriksen, Torill H Tveito
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders including low back pain have major individual and socioeconomic consequences as it often leads to disability and long-term sick leave and exclusion from working life. Predictors of disability and return to work often differ, and the dominant knowledge is on predictors for prolonged sick leave and disability. Therefore it is also important to identify key predictors for return to work. The aim of the study was to assess if overall job satisfaction and expectancies of return to work predicts actual return to work after 12 months, among employees with long lasting low back pain, and to assess if there were gender differences in the predictors...
November 17, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855678/augmentation-and-repair-of-tendons-using-demineralised-cortical-bone
#13
Sherif Elnikety, Catherine J Pendegrass, Roberta Ferro de Godoy, Charles Holden, Gordon W Blunn
BACKGROUND: In severe injuries with loss of tendon substance a tendon graft or a synthetic substitute is usually used to restore functional length. This is usually associated with donor site morbidity, host tissue reactions and lack of remodelling of the synthetic substitutes, which may result in suboptimal outcome. A biocompatible graft with mechanical and structural properties that replicate those of normal tendon and ligament has so far not been identified. The use of demineralised bone for tendon reattachment onto bone has been shown to be effective in promoting the regeneration of a normal enthesis...
November 17, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855670/influence-of-disruption-of-the-acromioclavicular-and-coracoclavicular-ligaments-on-glenohumeral-motion-a-kinematic-evaluation
#14
Kempland C Walley, Babak Haghpanah, Andreas Hingsammer, Ethan R Harlow, Ashkan Vaziri, Joseph P DeAngelis, Ara Nazarian, Arun J Ramappa
BACKGROUND: Changes to the integrity of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint impact scapulothoracic and clavicular kinematics. AC ligaments provide anterior-posterior stability, while the coracoclavicular (CC) ligaments provide superior-inferior stability and a restraint to scapular internal rotation. The purpose of this cadaveric study was to describe the effect of sequential AC and CC sectioning on glenohumeral (GH) kinematics during abduction (ABD) of the arm. We hypothesized that complete AC ligament insult would result in altered GH translation in the anterior-posterior plane during abduction, while subsequent sectioning of both CC ligaments would result in an increasing inferior shift in GH translation...
November 17, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855665/evaluation-of-a-new-imaging-tool-for-use-with-major-trauma-cases-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Moritz Crönlein, Konstantin Holzapfel, Marc Beirer, Lukas Postl, Karl-Georg Kanz, Dominik Pförringer, Stefan Huber-Wagner, Peter Biberthaler, Chlodwig Kirchhoff
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate potential benefits of a new diagnostic software prototype (Trauma Viewer, TV) automatically reformatting computed tomography (CT) data on diagnostic speed and quality, compared to CT-image data evaluation using a conventional CT console. METHODS: Multiple trauma CT data sets were analysed by one expert radiology and one expert traumatology fellow independently twice, once using the TV and once using the secondary conventional CT console placed in the CT control room...
November 17, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852298/assessment-of-subchondral-bone-marrow-lesions-in-knee-osteoarthritis-by-mri-a-comparison-of-fluid-sensitive-and-contrast-enhanced-sequences
#16
Flemming K Nielsen, Niels Egund, Anette Jørgensen, David A Peters, Anne Grethe Jurik
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow lesions (BMLs) in knee osteoarthritis (OA) can be assessed using fluid sensitive and contrast enhanced sequences. The association between BMLs and symptoms has been investigated in several studies but only using fluid sensitive sequences. Our aims were to assess BMLs by contrast enhanced MRI sequences in comparison with a fluid sensitive STIR sequence using two different segmentation methods and to analyze the association between the MR findings and disability and pain...
November 16, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852259/are-persons-with-fibromyalgia-or-other-musculoskeletal-pain-more-likely-to-report-hearing-loss-a-hunt-study
#17
Magne Stranden, Håvard Solvin, Egil A Fors, Linn Getz, Anne-S Helvik
BACKGROUND: Leading theories about the pathogenesis of fibromyalgia focus on central nervous dysregulation or sensitization, which can cause altered perception. There is growing evidence that fibromyalgia involves altered perception not only of pain, but also other sensory stimuli. On this basis, we investigated whether individuals with fibromyalgia are more likely to report subjective loss of hearing, adjusted for audiometrically measured loss of hearing, compared to persons without any musculoskeletal pain disorders...
November 16, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852257/assessing-functional-recovery-shortly-after-knee-or-hip-arthroplasty-a-comparison-of-the-clinimetric-properties-of-four-tools
#18
Stéphane Poitras, Kristi S Wood, Jacinthe Savard, Geoffrey F Dervin, Paul E Beaulé
BACKGROUND: Following hip or knee arthroplasty, it is clinically warranted to get patients functional as quickly as possible. However, valid tools to assess function shortly after knee or hip arthroplasty are lacking. The objective was to compare the clinimetric properties of four instruments to assess function shortly after arthroplasty. METHODS: One hundred eight patients undergoing hip or knee arthroplasty were assessed preoperatively, 1 and 2 days postoperatively, and 2 and 6 weeks postoperatively with the Timed Up and Go (TUG), Iowa Level of Assistance Scale (ILAS), Postoperative Quality of Recovery Scale (PQRS), and Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale (RHDS)...
November 16, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846888/comparison-of-intramedullary-and-extramedullary-fixation-of-stable-intertrochanteric-fractures-in-the-elderly-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-trial-exploring-hidden-perioperative-blood-loss
#19
Leyi Cai, Te Wang, Lu Di, Wei Hu, Jianshun Wang
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a severe and common injury that occurs predominantly in the elderly. Blood loss in the perioperative period is associated with a greater risk of dying in anaemic patients. The aim of the study was to explore the best way to treat stable intertrochanteric fractures, taking hidden blood loss into account. METHODS: This prospective, randomised blinded study included patients aged over 65 years with stable intertrochanteric fractures (Evans grades I and II)...
November 15, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846875/the-design-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-cost-effectiveness-of-the-posterolateral-versus-the-direct-anterior-approach-for-tha-polada-trial
#20
K Rykov, I H F Reininga, B A S Knobben, M S Sietsma, B L E F Ten Have
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most successful orthopaedic procedures. Because of the increasing number of THAs, a growing demand for faster recovery and a greater emphasis on cost-effectiveness, minimally invasive THAs have been introduced in the last decades. The direct anterior approach is a minimally invasive, tissue-sparing approach in which intermuscular planes are used. Theoretically, this approach should result in a faster recovery of physical functioning and higher health-related quality of life...
November 15, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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