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BMC Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645324/bmi-and-recommended-levels-of-physical-activity-in-school-children
#1
Phillipp Schwarzfischer, Martina Weber, Dariusz Gruszfeld, Piotr Socha, Veronica Luque, Joaquin Escribano, Annick Xhonneux, Elvira Verduci, Benedetta Mariani, Berthold Koletzko, Veit Grote
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) and its health benefits are a continuous point of discussion. Recommendations for children's daily PA vary between guidelines. To better define the amount of PA necessary to prevent overweight and obesity in children, further research is needed. The present study investigates children's compliance to physical activity guidelines (PAGs) and the association between objectively measured PA and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Participating children were 11 years old (n = 419) and part of the European CHOP trial, which was conducted in Germany, Belgium, Poland, Spain, Italy...
June 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645332/effects-of-air-pollution-and-seasons-on-health-related-quality-of-life-of-mongolian-adults-living-in-ulaanbaatar-cross-sectional-studies
#2
Motoyuki Nakao, Keiko Yamauchi, Yoko Ishihara, Hisamitsu Omori, Dashtseren Ichinnorov, Bandi Solongo
BACKGROUND: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, is known as severely air-polluted city in the world due to increased coal consumption in the cold season. The health effects of air pollution in Mongolia such as mortality, morbidity and symptoms have been previously reported. However, the concept of health-related quality of life (HR-QoL), which refers to the individual's perception of well-being, should also be included as an adverse health outcome of air pollution. METHODS: Surveys on the Mongolian people living in Ulaanbaatar were performed in the warm and cold seasons...
June 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645250/labour-market-marginalisation-after-mental-disorders-among-young-natives-and-immigrants-living-in-sweden
#3
Magnus Helgesson, Petter Tinghög, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Fredrik Saboonchi, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the associations between mental disorders and three different measures of labour-market marginalisation, and differences between native Swedes and immigrants. METHODS: The study comprised 1,753,544 individuals, aged 20-35 years, and resident in Sweden 2004. They were followed 2005-2011 with regard to disability pension, sickness absence (≥90 days) and unemployment (≥180 days). Immigrants were born in Western countries (Nordic countries, EU, Europe outside EU or North-America/Oceania), or in non-Western countries (Africa, Asia or South-America)...
June 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637448/vitamin-d-levels-and-deficiency-with-different-occupations-a-systematic-review
#4
Daniel Sowah, Xiangning Fan, Liz Dennett, Reidar Hagtvedt, Sebastian Straube
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent worldwide, but some groups are at greater risk. We aim to evaluate vitamin D levels in different occupations and identify groups vulnerable to vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: An electronic search conducted in Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and CINAHL Plus with Full Text generated 2505 hits; 71 peer-reviewed articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Occupations investigated included outdoor and indoor workers, shiftworkers, lead/smelter workers, coalminers, and healthcare professionals...
June 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637444/a-comparison-of-nutritional-intake-and-daily-physical-activity-of-girls-aged-8-11%C3%A2-years-old-in-makkah-saudi-arabia-according-to-weight-status
#5
Rabab Al-Kutbe, Anne Payne, Anne de Looy, Gail A Rees
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in Saudi Arabia are amongst the highest in the world. It is known that teenage girls are less active than teenage boys, but less is known about the diet and activity patterns in younger girls. Therefore this study sought to investigate dietary intake and daily physical activity in girls aged 8-11 years old in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross- sectional observational study conducted in seven schools across the city of Makkah. A total of 266 girls had anthropometric measurements taken including height, weight, waist circumference and body fat estimations...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637441/impact-of-tobacco-industry-and-other-corporations-in-the-defeat-of-the-1994-clinton-health-care-plan
#6
Michael Givel
BACKGROUND: The primary reason cited by many scholars for the defeat of the Clinton Administration's 1994 health care reform bill has long been identified as Health Insurance Association of America and National Federation of Independent Businesses opposition to the bill. Given this predominant consensus combined with sizeable proposed funding for the bill by a large tobacco product tax, this manuscript examined what the tobacco industry's role was in whole or part in defeating the Clinton health care bill...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637439/a-qualitative-analysis-of-smokers-perceptions-about-lung-cancer-screening
#7
Lindsay Gressard, Amy S DeGroff, Thomas B Richards, Stephanie Melillo, Julia Kish-Doto, Christina L Heminger, Elizabeth A Rohan, Kristine Gabuten Allen
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) began recommending lung cancer screening for high risk smokers aged 55-80 years using low-dose computed tomography (CT) scan. In light of these updated recommendations, there is a need to understand smokers' knowledge of and experiences with lung cancer screening in order to inform the design of patient education and tobacco cessation programs. The purpose of this study is to describe results of a qualitative study examining smokers' perceptions around lung cancer screening tests...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637430/malaria-control-by-commodities-without-practical-malariology
#8
J Kevin Baird
Malaria remains a serious clinical and public health problem, the object of an ongoing technological and humanitarian struggle to abate the very substantial harm done. The manner by which humanity approached malaria control changed abruptly and profoundly after 1945 with the advent of the insecticide DDT. Malariologists in the first half of the twentieth century conceived precise modifications to natural or man-made environments aimed at making those less hospitable to specific anopheline mosquito vector species...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633654/physical-activity-and-associated-factors-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-adults-in-northern-tanzania
#9
Beatrice John, Jim Todd, Innocent Mboya, Mary Mosha, Mark Urassa, Tara Mtuy
BACKGROUND: Insufficient physical activity (PA) is a major contributing factor in the growing problem of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in urban and rural Sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to determine PA and associated factors among adults in Northern Tanzania. METHODS: We analyzed secondary data from a cross-sectional serological survey nested within the Magu health and demographic sentinel surveillance population in Magu District Northwestern Tanzania. All resident adults aged 15 years and older were invited to participate in the study, and physical activity data were analyzed for 5663 participants...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633651/epidemiology-of-intestinal-helminthiasis-among-school-children-with-emphasis-on-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-in-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia
#10
Bereket Alemayehu, Zewdneh Tomass, Fiseha Wadilo, Dawit Leja, Song Liang, Berhanu Erko
BACKGROUND: Intestinal helminth infections are major parasitic diseases causing public health problems in Ethiopia. Although the epidemiology of these infections are well documented in Ethiopia, new transmission foci for schistosomiasis are being reported in different parts of the country. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni and other intestinal helminth infections among school children and determine the endemicity of schistosomiasis in Wolaita Zone, southern Ethiopia...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633647/meeting-the-oral-health-needs-of-12-year-olds-in-china-human-resources-for-oral-health
#11
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Jennifer E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: An appropriate level of human resources for oral health [HROH] is required to meet the oral health needs of population, and enable maximum improvement in health outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the required HROH to meet the oral health needs of the World Health Organization [WHO] reference group of 12-year-olds in China and consider the implications for education, practice, policy and HROH nationally. METHODS: We estimated the need of HROH to meet the needs of 12-year-olds based on secondary analysis of the epidemiological and questionnaire data from the 3rd Chinese National Oral Health Survey, including caries experience and periodontal factors (calculus), dentally-related behaviour (frequency of toothbrushing and sugar intake), and social factors (parental education)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629470/policy-lessons-from-health-taxes-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies
#12
Alexandra Wright, Katherine E Smith, Mark Hellowell
BACKGROUND: Taxes on alcohol and tobacco have long been an important means of raising revenues for public spending in many countries but there is increasing interest in using taxes on these, and other unhealthy products, to achieve public health goals. We present a systematic review of the research on health taxes, and aim to generate insights into how such taxes can: (i) reduce consumption of targeted products and related harms; (ii) generate revenues for health objectives and distribute the tax burden across income groups in an efficient and equitable manner; and (iii) be made politically sustainable...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629441/erratum-to-noticing-cigarette-health-warnings-and-support-for-new-health-warnings-among-non-smokers-in-china-findings-from-the-international-tobacco-control-project-itc-china-survey
#13
Zejun Li, Tara Elton-Marshall, Geoffrey T Fong, Anne Chiew Kin Quah, Guoze Feng, Yuan Jiang, Sara C Hitchman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629430/bangladesh-policy-on-prevention-and-control-of-non-communicable-diseases-a-policy-analysis
#14
Tuhin Biswas, Sonia Pervin, Md Imtiaz Alam Tanim, Louis Niessen, Anwar Islam
BACKGROUND: This paper is aimed at critically assessing the extent to which Non-Communicable Disease NCD-related policies introduced in Bangladesh align with the World Health Organization's (WHO) 2013-2020 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs. METHODS: The authors reviewed all relevant policy documents introduced by the Government of Bangladesh since its independence in 1971. The literature review targeted scientific and grey literature documents involving internet-based search, and expert consultation and snowballing to identify relevant policy documents...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629410/he-s-just-content-to-sit-a-qualitative-study-of-mothers-perceptions-of-infant-obesity-and-physical-activity
#15
Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Victoria Molfese
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity among children ages zero to five are rapidly increasing. Greater efforts are needed to promote healthy behaviors of young children. Mothers are especially important targets for promoting health as mothers' views play a vital role in helping their children foster healthy habits from an early age. Research has found parents' views of infants' weight may influence their feeding practices; however, limited research has explored mothers' view of infants' weight in relation to the promotion of physical activity...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629352/male-suicide-among-construction-workers-in-australia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-major-stressors-precipitating-death
#16
Allison Milner, Humaira Maheen, Dianne Currier, Anthony D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates among those employed in male-dominated professions such as construction are elevated compared to other occupational groups. Thus far, past research has been mainly quantitative and has been unable to identify the complex range of risk and protective factors that surround these suicides. METHODS: We used a national coronial database to qualitatively study work and non-work related influences on male suicide occurring in construction workers in Australia...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622768/erratum-to-social-relationships-mental-health-and-wellbeing-in-physical-disability-a-systematic-review
#17
Hannah Tough, Johannes Siegrist, Christine Fekete
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619115/effectiveness-of-a-physical-activity-program-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-adult-primary-health-care-users-the-pas-a-pas-community-intervention-trial
#18
Victoria Arija, Felipe Villalobos, Roser Pedret, Angels Vinuesa, Mercé Timón, Teresa Basora, Dolors Aguas, Josep Basora
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is a major, modifiable, risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that contributes to the prevention and management of CVD. The aim of this study was to assess the short- and medium-term effectiveness of 9 months of a supervised physical activity program, including sociocultural activities, on CVD risk in adults. METHODS: Multicentered, randomized, controlled community intervention involving 364 patients in four primary care centers...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619107/risk-factors-of-suicide-attempt-among-people-with-suicidal-ideation-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Soo Beom Choi, Wanhyung Lee, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jong-Uk Won, Deok Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious public health concern worldwide, and the fourth leading cause of death in Korea. Few studies have focused on risk factors for suicide attempt among people with suicidal ideation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the risk factors and develop prediction models for suicide attempt among people with suicidal ideation in the Korean population. METHOD: This study included 1567 men and 3726 women aged 20 years and older who had suicidal ideation from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 to 2012...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619069/social-determinants-of-depression-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-the-caribbean-a-systematic-review
#20
Catherine R Brown, Ian R Hambleton, Natasha Sobers-Grannum, Shawn M Hercules, Nigel Unwin, E Nigel Harris, Rainford Wilks, Marlene MacLeish, Louis Sullivan, Madhuvanti M Murphy
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorder is the largest contributor to years lived with disability in the Caribbean, adding 948 per 100,000 in 2013. Depression is also a major risk factor for suicidal behaviour. Social inequalities influence the occurrence of depression, yet little is known about the social inequalities of this condition in the Caribbean. In support of the 2011 Rio Political Declaration on addressing health inequities, this article presents a systematic review of the role of social determinants on depression and its suicidal behaviours in the Caribbean...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
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