journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BMC Public Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814325/australian-adolescents-beliefs-and-help-seeking-intentions-towards-peers-experiencing-symptoms-of-depression-and-alcohol-misuse
#1
D I Lubman, A Cheetham, A F Jorm, B J Berridge, C Wilson, F Blee, L Mckay-Brown, N Allen, J Proimos
BACKGROUND: Many young people are reluctant to seek professional help for mental health problems, preferring to rely on their friends for support. It is therefore important to ensure that adolescents can identify signs of psychological distress in their peers, talk to them about these, and help them access appropriate services when necessary. The current study examined adolescents' ability to recognise symptoms of depression and alcohol misuse, perceived barriers to help-seeking, and their intentions to encourage a peer to seek help from a range of informal and formal help sources...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814286/dietary-pattern-and-other-lifestyle-factors-as-potential-contributors-to-hypertension-prevalence-in-arusha-city-tanzania-a-population-based-descriptive-study
#2
L K Katalambula, D N Meyer, T Ngoma, J Buza, E Mpolya, A H Mtumwa, P Petrucka
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is increasing worldwide, disproportionately so in developing countries. Inadequate health care systems and adoption of unhealthy lifestyles have been linked to this emergent pattern. To better understand this trend, it is imperative we measure prevalence of hypertension, and examine specific risk factors, at a local level. This study provides a cross-sectional view of urban residents of Arusha City to determine prevalence and associated risk factors. METHODS: Blood pressure was measured using a digital sphygmomanometer...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810853/acute-effects-of-reducing-sitting-time-in-adolescents-a-randomized-cross-over-study
#3
Anisse Penning, Anthony D Okely, Stewart G Trost, Jo Salmon, Dylan P Cliff, Marijka Batterham, Steven Howard, Anne-Maree Parrish
BACKGROUND: Levels of sitting among adolescents are high, especially during the school day. The acute cognitive and health consequences associated with prolonged sitting are poorly understood in adolescents. This randomized crossover design study examined the acute effects of a simulated school day with reduced sitting or usual sitting on adolescents' cognitive function and cardiometabolic biomarkers. METHODS: Eighteen healthy school aged adolescents were recruited from the community to the study (11 males; 7 females; mean age [SD] = 13...
August 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807023/local-measles-vaccination-gaps-in-germany-and-the-role-of-vaccination-providers
#4
Linda Eichner, Stephanie Wjst, Stefan O Brockmann, Kerstin Wolfers, Martin Eichner
BACKGROUND: Measles elimination in Europe is an urgent public health goal, yet despite the efforts of its member states, vaccination gaps and outbreaks occur. This study explores local vaccination heterogeneity in kindergartens and municipalities of a German county. METHODS: Data on children from mandatory school enrolment examinations in 2014/15 in Reutlingen county were used. Children with unknown vaccination status were either removed from the analysis (best case) or assumed to be unvaccinated (worst case)...
August 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806984/fatigue-in-the-general-population-associations-to-age-sex-socioeconomic-status-physical-activity-sitting-time-and-self-rated-health-the-northern-sweden-monica-study-2014
#5
Isak Engberg, Johan Segerstedt, Göran Waller, Patrik Wennberg, Mats Eliasson
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is widespread in the population and a common complaint in primary care. Little is known about prevalence of fatigue in the population and its predictors. We aimed to describe the pattern of fatigue in the general population and to explore the associations with age, sex, socioeconomic status, self-reported physical activity, sitting time and self-rated health. METHODS: One thousand, five hundred and fifty-seven out of 2500 invited subjects in the Northern Sweden MONICA Study 2014, aged 25-74 years, filled out the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20), consisting of four subscales: General fatigue (GF), Physical fatigue (PF), Reduced activity (RA) and Mental fatigue (MF)...
August 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806940/evaluation-of-the-implementation-of-an-intervention-to-improve-the-street-environment-and-promote-walking-for-transport-in-deprived-neighbourhoods
#6
Emma J Adams, Nick Cavill, Lauren B Sherar
BACKGROUND: Levels of physical activity remain low, particularly in deprived areas. Improving the street environment to promote walking for transport using a community engagement approach is a potential strategy to increase physical activity. An understanding of the implementation of this intervention approach is needed to facilitate further research, replication and scale-up. The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation of the Fitter for Walking (FFW) intervention in deprived neighbourhoods...
August 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800761/development-of-the-adolescent-preoccupation-with-screens-scale
#7
Simon C Hunter, Stephen Houghton, Corinne Zadow, Michael Rosenberg, Lisa Wood, Trevor Shilton, David Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Although public health concerns have been raised regarding the detrimental health effects of increasing rates of electronic screen use among adolescents, such effects have been small. Instruments currently available tend to be lengthy, have a clinical research focus, and assess young people's screen use on specific screen-based activities (e.g., TV, computer, or internet). None appear to address screen use across a broad range of screens, including mobile devices and screen-based activities...
August 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800758/validation-of-verbal-autopsy-determination-of-cause-of-deaths-in-malaysia-2013
#8
Shubash Shander Ganapathy, Yi Yi Khoo, Mohd Omar Azahadi, Mohamad Anuar Mohamad Fuad, Chandrika Jeevananthan, Chalapati Rao
BACKGROUND: Mortality statistics by age, sex and cause are the foundation of basic health data required for health status assessment, epidemiological research and formation of health policy. Close to half the deaths in Malaysia occur outside a health facility, are not attended by medical personnel, and are given a lay opinion as to the cause of death, leading to poor quality of data from vital registration. Verbal autopsy (VA) is a very useful tool in diagnosing broad causes of deaths for events that occur outside health facilities...
August 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800751/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-dyslipidemia-in-older-persons-in-urban-and-rural-population-in-the-astana-region-kazakhstan
#9
Adil Supiyev, Talgat Nurgozhin, Zhaxybay Zhumadilov, Anne Peasey, Jaroslav A Hubacek, Martin Bobak
BACKGROUND: Despite high cardiovascular mortality in Central Asian republics of the former Soviet Union, there is limited information about major risk factors, including blood lipids. We investigated the prevalence of impaired concentrations of blood lipids, the awareness, treatment and control of hypercholesterolemia, and factors associated with these indicators in urban and rural populations in Kazakhstan. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of random urban and rural population samples (the state capital Astana and Akmol village)...
August 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797237/validity-of-the-global-physical-activity-questionnaire-gpaq-in-bangladesh
#10
Shirin Jahan Mumu, Liaquat Ali, Anthony Barnett, Dafna Merom
BACKGROUND: Feasible and cost-effective as well as population specific instruments for monitoring physical activity (PA) levels are needed for the management and prevention of non-communicable diseases. The WHO-endorsed Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) has been widely used in developing countries, but the evidence base for its validity, particularly for rural populations, is still limited. The aim of the study was to validate GPAQ among rural and urban residents in Bangladesh...
August 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793890/network-analysis-of-inter-organizational-relationships-and-policy-use-among-active-living-organizations-in-alberta-canada
#11
Christina C Loitz, Jodie A Stearns, Shawn N Fraser, Kate Storey, John C Spence
BACKGROUND: Coordinated partnerships and collaborations can optimize the efficiency and effectiveness of service and program delivery in organizational networks. However, the extent to which organizations are working together to promote physical activity, and use physical activity policies in Canada, is unknown. This project sought to provide a snapshot of the funding, coordination and partnership relationships among provincial active living organizations (ALOs) in Alberta, Canada. Additionally, the awareness, and use of the provincial policy and national strategy by the organizations was examined...
August 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793889/high-burden-of-hypertension-across-the-age-groups-among-residents-of-gondar-city-in-ethiopia-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
Abayneh Girma Demisse, Ermias Shenkutie Greffie, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Abera Balcha Bulti, Shitaye Alemu, Bewketu Abebe, Nebiyu Mesfin
BACKGROUND: According to a report on the worldwide trends in blood pressure from 1975 to 2015, mean blood pressure is increasing in low and middle income countries while it is either decreasing or stabilizing in high income countries. Few studies have been published on the prevalence of hypertension in Ethiopia demonstrating an increased trend; however, these studies had small sample size and were limited to participants older than 35 years; which left the burden among adolescents and young adults unaddressed...
August 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793887/examining-the-relationship-between-the-food-environment-and-adult-diabetes-prevalence-by-county-economic-and-racial-composition-an-ecological-study
#13
Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, Lucia A Leone
BACKGROUND: Inequitable access to healthy food may contribute to health disparities. This study examines the relationship between the prevalence of adult diabetes and food access in the U.S. by county economic/racial composition. METHODS: An ecological study from 2012 was used to estimate the relationship between diabetes and retail food outlet access. County diabetes prevalence was measured based on individual responses to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey question, "Have you ever been told by a doctor that you have diabetes?" If the answer was "yes" individuals were classified as having diabetes...
August 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789637/perceptions-practices-and-health-seeking-behaviour-constrain-je-aes-interventions-in-high-endemic-district-of-north-india
#14
Sanjay Chaturvedi, Neha Sharma, Manish Kakkar
BACKGROUND: Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) and Japanese Encephalitis (JE) stay as poorly understood phenomena in India. Multiple linkages to determinants such as poverty, socio-economic status, gender, environment, and population distribution, make it a greater developmental issue than just a zoonotic disease. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted to map knowledge, perceptions and practices of community and health systems level stakeholders. Seventeen interviews with utilizers of AES care, care givers from human and veterinary sectors, Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs), and pig owners and 4 Focused Group Discussions (FGDs) with farmers, community leaders, and students were conducted in an endemic north Indian district-Kushinagar...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789627/using-lot-quality-assurance-sampling-to-assess-access-to-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-services-in-a-refugee-camp-setting-in-south-sudan-a-feasibility-study
#15
Elizabeth Harding, Colin Beckworth, Jean-Francois Fesselet, Annick Lenglet, Richard Lako, Joseph J Valadez
BACKGROUND: Humanitarian agencies working in refugee camp settings require rapid assessment methods to measure the needs of the populations they serve. Due to the high level of dependency of refugees, agencies need to carry out these assessments. Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) is a method commonly used in development settings to assess populations living in a project catchment area to identify their greatest needs. LQAS could be well suited to serve the needs of refugee populations, but it has rarely been used in humanitarian settings...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789626/adolescent-alcohol-use-and-parental-and-adolescent-socioeconomic-position-in-six-european-cities
#16
Marina Bosque-Prous, Mirte A G Kuipers, Albert Espelt, Matthias Richter, Arja Rimpelä, Julian Perelman, Bruno Federico, M Teresa Brugal, Vincent Lorant, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: Many risk behaviours in adolescence are socially patterned. However, it is unclear to what extent socioeconomic position (SEP) influences adolescent drinking in various parts of Europe. We examined how alcohol consumption is associated with parental SEP and adolescents' own SEP among students aged 14-17 years. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected in the 2013 SILNE study. Participants were 8705 students aged 14-17 years from 6 European cities...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789620/hospital-admissions-due-to-alcohol-related-disorders-among-young-adult-refugees-who-arrived-in-sweden-as-teenagers-a-national-cohort-study
#17
Hélio Manhica, Karl Gauffin, Ylva B Almquist, Mikael Rostila, Lisa Berg, Ainhoa Rodríguez García de Cortázar, Anders Hjern
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and lack of family support may explain the mental health problems that are consistently found in young unaccompanied refugees in Western countries. Given the strong relationship between poor mental health and alcohol misuse, this study investigated hospital admissions due to alcohol related disorders among accompanied and unaccompanied young refugees who settled in Sweden as teenagers. METHODS: The dataset used in this study was derived from a combination of different registers...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784172/condom-use-peer-norms-and-self-efficacy-as-mediators-between-community-engagement-and-condom-use-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Haochu Li, Li Xue, Joseph D Tucker, Chongyi Wei, Maya Durvasula, Wenqi Hu, Dianming Kang, Meizhen Liao, Weiming Tang, Wei Ma
BACKGROUND: Community engagement strategies are often integrated in public health interventions designed to promote condom use among men who have sex with men (MSM), a key population for HIV prevention. However, the ways in which condom use peer norms and self-efficacy play a role in the association between community engagement and condom use is unclear. This study examines the potential mediating roles of peer norms and self-efficacy in this association. METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional online survey was conducted among Chinese MSM in 2015...
August 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784134/cancer-and-heart-attack-survivors-expectations-of-employment-status-results-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#19
Saskia F A Duijts, Allard J van der Beek, Eveline M A Bleiker, Lee Smith, Jane Wardle
BACKGROUND: Sociodemographic, health- and work-related factors have been found to influence return to work in cancer survivors. It is feasible though that behavioural factors, such as expectation of being at work, could also affect work-related outcomes. Therefore, the effect of earlier identified factors and expectation of being at work on future employment status in cancer survivors was explored. To assess the degree to which these factors specifically concern cancer survivors, a comparison with heart attack survivors was made...
August 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784110/the-protective-effect-of-helmet-use-in-motorcycle-and-bicycle-accidents-a-propensity-score-matched-study-based-on-a-trauma-registry-system
#20
Spencer C H Kuo, Pao-Jen Kuo, Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Yi-Chun Chen, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Ching-Hua Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Transportation by motorcycle and bicycle has become popular in Taiwan, this study was designed to investigate the protective effect of helmet use during motorcycle and bicycle accidents by using a propensity score-matched study based on trauma registry system data. METHODS: Data of adult patients hospitalized for motorcycle or bicycle accidents between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2015 were retrieved from the Trauma Registry System. These included 7735 motorcyclists with helmet use, 863 motorcyclists without helmet use, 76 bicyclists with helmet use, and 647 bicyclists without helmet use...
August 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
journal
journal
36195
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"