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BMC Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905918/decomposing-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-depressive-symptoms-among-the-elderly-in-china
#1
Yongjian Xu, Jinjuan Yang, Jianmin Gao, Zhongliang Zhou, Tao Zhang, Jianping Ren, Yanli Li, Yuyan Qian, Sha Lai, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: Accelerated population ageing brings about unprecedented challenges to the health system in China. This study aimed to measure the prevalence and the income-related inequality of depressive symptoms, and also identify the determinants of depressive symptom inequality among the elderly in China. METHODS: Data were drawn from the second wave of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Depressive symptoms were assessed with a 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), which was preselected in CHARLS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905917/are-distinctive-risk-indicators-associated-with-different-stages-of-caries-in-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Maria Grazia Cagetti, Giovanna Congiu, Fabio Cocco, Gianfranco Meloni, Silvana Sale, Guglielmo Campus
BACKGROUND: Actual caries figures emphasize the need to identify the risk indicators involved in the disease's development. The hypothesis that certain risk indicators might affect the dynamic evolution of the caries process was assessed; to clarify this premise, a cross-sectional survey was performed in school children. METHODS: A total of 390 subjects aged 6-8 years old were randomly selected. Caries was assessed, and the subjects were stratified as follows: i) highest caries score; ii) most prevalent caries score; and iii) number of affected teeth...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905905/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-compulsive-buying-problematic-internet-and-mobile-phone-use-in-college-students-in-yantai-china-relevance-of-self-traits
#3
Zhaocai Jiang, Mingyan Shi
BACKGROUND: Until now, most research in the prevalence of compulsive buying (CB) has been developed from samples in western developed countries, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence and co-morbidities of CB, problematic Internet use (PIU) and problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) in college students in Yantai, China. Moreover, based on the lack of research focusing on differences between CB and addiction, we will explore whether CB and PIU/PMPU individuals are characterized by the same self-traits (i...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905904/evaluating-the-implementation-process-of-a-participatory-organizational-level-occupational-health-intervention-in-schools
#4
Roosmarijn M C Schelvis, Noortje M Wiezer, Birgitte M Blatter, Joost A G M van Genabeek, Karen M Oude Hengel, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Allard J van der Beek
BACKGROUND: The importance of process evaluations in examining how and why interventions are (un) successful is increasingly recognized. Process evaluations mainly studied the implementation process and the quality of the implementation (fidelity). However, in adopting this approach for participatory organizational level occupational health interventions, important aspects such as context and participants perceptions are missing. Our objective was to systematically describe the implementation process of a participatory organizational level occupational health intervention aimed at reducing work stress and increasing vitality in two schools by applying a framework that covers aspects of the intervention and its implementation as well as the context and participants perceptions...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899099/public-awareness-of-the-link-between-alcohol-and-cancer-in-england-in-2015-a-population-based-survey
#5
Penny Buykx, Jessica Li, Lucy Gavens, Lucie Hooper, Melanie Lovatt, Elena Gomes de Matos, Petra Meier, John Holmes
BACKGROUND: Public knowledge of the association between alcohol and cancer is reported to be low. We aimed to provide up-to-date evidence for England regarding awareness of the link between alcohol and different cancers and to determine whether awareness differs by demographic characteristics, alcohol use, and geographic region. METHODS: A representative sample of 2100 adults completed an online survey in July 2015. Respondents were asked to identify which health outcomes, including specific cancers, may be caused by alcohol consumption...
November 30, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899154/the-dutch-public-are-positive-about-the-colorectal-cancer-screening-programme-but-is-this-a-well-informed-opinion
#6
Linda N Douma, Ellen Uiters, Danielle R M Timmermans
BACKGROUND: Population-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is widely recommended, and members of the eligible screening population seem to be positive about it. However, it is not well known how people outside the eligible screening population view CRC screening, and whether they are supportive of the government providing this. Public opinion may affect people's personal views and their screening decision. The aim of our study was to examine the opinion of the Dutch general public regarding the national CRC screening programme...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899112/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-physical-injuries-between-cohabitating-and-married-women-a-5-year-medical-chart-review
#7
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, John Kit-Shing Wong, Fung Ling So, Chu-Leung Lau, Chak-Wah Kam
BACKGROUND: Cohabitation, referring to a co-residential romantic relationship between two intimate partners without a marriage license, has become widely accepted in contemporary societies. It has been found that cohabitating women have a higher risk of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) than married women. However, as yet, no studies have investigated the level and pattern of IPV-associated physical injuries and its mental health impact on cohabitating women. Therefore, we aim to compare IPV-associated physical injuries between cohabitating and married women by conducting a review of 5-year medical records from the emergency departments of two major public hospitals in Hong Kong...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899107/efficacy-evaluation-of-the-school-program-unplugged-for-drug-use-prevention-among-brazilian-adolescents
#8
Zila M Sanchez, Adriana Sanudo, Solange Andreoni, Daniela Schneider, Ana Paula D Pereira, Fabrizio Faggiano
BACKGROUND: Most Brazilian schools do not have a continuous program for drug use prevention and do not conduct culturally adapted activities for that purpose. This study evaluated the impact of the Unplugged program on drug use prevention among children and adolescents in public middle schools of Brazil. METHODS: A non-randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2013 with 2185 students in 16 public schools from 3 Brazilian cities. The intervention group attended 12 weekly classes of the Unplugged program for drug use prevention, and the control group did not attend to any school prevention programs in the same year...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899101/effect-of-a-participatory-organizational-level-occupational-health-intervention-on-job-satisfaction-exhaustion-and-sleep-disturbances-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Elisabeth Framke, Ole Henning Sørensen, Jacob Pedersen, Reiner Rugulies
BACKGROUND: We examined whether the implementation of a participatory organizational-level intervention aiming to improve the working environment with a focus on the core task at work, increased job satisfaction and reduced exhaustion and sleep disturbances among pre-school employees. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 41 intervention group pre-schools with 423 employees and 30 control group pre-schools with 241 employees. The intervention lasted 25 months and consisted of seminars, workshops, and workplace specific intervention activities that were developed by focusing on the core task at work...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899100/clinical-determinants-of-the-severity-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-mers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Ryota Matsuyama, Hiroshi Nishiura, Satoshi Kutsuna, Kayoko Hayakawa, Norio Ohmagari
BACKGROUND: While the risk of severe complications of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and its determinants have been explored in previous studies, a systematic analysis of published articles with different designs and populations has yet to be conducted. The present study aimed to systematically review the risk of death associated with MERS as well as risk factors for associated complications. METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched for clinical and epidemiological studies on confirmed cases of MERS...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899098/health-risk-behaviours-amongst-school-adolescents-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Youness El Achhab, Abdelghaffar El Ammari, Hicham El Kazdouh, Adil Najdi, Mohamed Berraho, Nabil Tachfouti, Driss Lamri, Samira El Fakir, Chakib Nejjari
BACKGROUND: Determining risky behaviours of adolescents provides valuable information for designing appropriate intervention programmes for advancing adolescent's health. However, these behaviours are not fully addressed by researchers in a comprehensive approach. We report the protocol of a mixed methods study designed to investigate the health risk behaviours of Moroccan adolescents with the goal of identifying suitable strategies to address their health concerns. METHODS: We used a sequential two-phase explanatory mixed method study design...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899096/estimating-the-mental-health-costs-of-racial-discrimination
#12
Amanuel Elias, Yin Paradies
BACKGROUND: Racial discrimination is a pervasive social problem in several advanced countries such as the U.S., U.K., and Australia. Public health research also indicates a range of associations between exposure to racial discrimination and negative health, particularly, mental health including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the direct negative health impact of racial discrimination has not been costed so far although economists have previously estimated indirect non-health related productivity costs...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899094/research-protocol-for-a-digital-intervention-to-reduce-stigma-among-males-with-a-personal-experience-of-suicide-in-the-australian-farming-community
#13
Alison J Kennedy, Vincent Lawrence Versace, Susan A Brumby
BACKGROUND: Australian farming communities have up to twice the suicide rate of the general population. Men, particularly, demonstrate debilitating self- and perceived-stigma associated with an experience of suicide. The Ripple Effect is aimed to reduce suicide stigma within the social, cultural, geographical and psychological contexts in which it occurs. METHODS: A mixed-method design with multi-level evaluation will be effected following the development and delivery of a personalised website experience (combining shared stories, education, personal goal setting and links to resources) to farming men, aged 30-64 years, with an experience of suicide...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899078/identifying-risk-factors-for-household-burdens-of-road-traffic-fatalities-regression-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-taiwan
#14
Lanying Huang
BACKGROUND: Road traffic fatalities (RTF) are among the top ten causes of deaths in the world. The risk factors for RTF fatal victims have been extensively characterized, but studies of household burden of RTF have been very few in number. Accordingly, this article investigates post-crash impacts on RTF victims' family members, including the adverse impacts of lost income, occupational disruption, unfavorable family dynamics, and residential relocation. METHODS: Survey data from 1291 RTF family members interviewed in Taiwan in 2012 provide the evidence of impact used in this article...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894296/relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-depressive-symptoms-the-fat-and-jolly-hypothesis-for-the-middle-aged-and-elderly-in-china
#15
Lin Zhang, Kun Liu, Hong Li, Dan Li, Zhuo Chen, Li-Li Zhang, Lei-Lei Guo
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been identified as a worldwide epidemic. In China, the highest prevalence of obesity is observed in adults aged ≥45 years old. This study aimed to describe the association between BMI and depressive symptoms among a large representative sample of middle-aged and elderly in China. METHOD: A longitudinal sample of the middle-aged and elderly (6,224 males and 6,883 females) who were interviewed in the 2011 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study was used...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894342/inequalities-in-the-spiritual-health-of-young-canadians-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#16
Valerie Michaelson, John Freeman, Nathan King, Hannah Ascough, Colleen Davison, Tracy Trothen, Sian Phillips, William Pickett
BACKGROUND: Spiritual health, along with physical, emotional, and social aspects, is one of four domains of health. Assessment in this field of research is challenging methodologically. No contemporary population-based studies have profiled the spiritual health of adolescent Canadians with a focus on health inequalities. In a 2014 nationally representative sample of Canadians aged 11-15 years we therefore: (1) psychometrically evaluated a series of items used to assess the perceived importance of spiritual health and its four potential sub-domains (connections with: self, others, nature and the natural environment, and the transcendent) to adolescents; (2) described potential inequalities in spiritual health within adolescent populations, overall and by spiritual health sub-domain, by key socio-demographic factors...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894303/integrated-agriculture-programs-to-address-malnutrition-in-northern-malawi
#17
Rachel Bezner Kerr, Emmanuel Chilanga, Hanson Nyantakyi-Frimpong, Isaac Luginaah, Esther Lupafya
BACKGROUND: In countries where the majority of undernourished people are smallholder farmers, there has been interest in agricultural interventions to improve nutritional outcomes. Addressing gender inequality, however, is a key mechanism by which agriculture can improve nutrition, since women often play a crucial role in farming, food processing and child care, but have limited decision-making and control over agricultural resources. This study examines the approaches by which gender equity in agrarian, resource-poor settings can be improved using a case study in Malawi...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894287/towards-a-preventive-strategy-for-complaints-of-arm-neck-and-or-shoulder-cans-the-role-of-help-seeking-behaviour
#18
Vivian E J Bruls, Nicole W H Jansen, Rob A de Bie, Caroline H G Bastiaenen, IJmert Kant
BACKGROUND: When developing an effective early preventive strategy for employees and students with CANS (Complaints of Arm, Neck or Shoulder, not caused by acute trauma or systemic disease), insight in help seeking behaviour and knowledge of factors associated with help seeking behaviour within the target population, is a prerequisite. The aim of this study was to examine whether perceived hindrance is associated with help seeking behaviour, specifically in employees and students identified with CANS...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894279/development-of-a-community-s-self-efficacy-scale-for-preventing-social-isolation-among-community-dwelling-older-people-mimamori-scale
#19
Etsuko Tadaka, Ayumi Kono, Eriko Ito, Yukiko Kanaya, Yuka Dai, Yuki Imamatsu, Waka Itoi
BACKGROUND: Among older people in developed countries, social isolation leading to solitary death has become a public health issue of vital importance. Such isolation could be prevented by monitoring at-risk individuals at the neighborhood level and by implementing supportive networks at the community level. However, a means of measuring community confidence in these measures has not been established. This study is aimed at developing the Community's Self-Efficacy Scale (CSES; Mimamori scale in Japanese) for community members preventing social isolation among older people...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887607/erratum-to-the-effectiveness-of-non-pyrethroid-insecticide-treated-durable-wall-lining-to-control-malaria-in-rural-tanzania-study-protocol-for-a-two-armed-cluster-randomized-trial
#20
George Mtove, Joseph P Mugasa, Louisa A Messenger, Robert C Malima, Peter Mangesho, Franklin Magogo, Mateusz Plucinski, Ramadhan Hashimu, Johnson Matowo, Donald Shepard, Bernard Batengana, Jackie Cook, Basiliana Emidi, Yara Halasa, Robert Kaaya, Aggrey Kihombo, Kimberly A Lindblade, Geofrey Makenga, Robert Mpangala, Abraham Mwambuli, Ruth Mzava, Abubakary Mziray, George Olang, Richard M Oxborough, Mohammed Seif, Edward Sambu, Aaron Samuels, Wema Sudi, John Thomas, Sophie Weston, Martin Alilio, Nancy Binkin, John Gimnig, Immo Kleinschmidt, Peter McElroy, Lawrence H Moulton, Laura Norris, Trenton Ruebush, Meera Venkatesan, Mark Rowland, Franklin W Mosha, William N Kisinza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
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