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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539114/what-could-keep-young-people-away-from-alcohol-and-cigarettes-findings-from-the-uk-household-longitudinal-study
#1
Noriko Cable, Maria Francisca Roman Mella, Yvonne Kelly
BACKGROUND: Adolescents are vulnerable to risky behaviours that are likely to co-occur. We examined whether happiness, awareness of alcohol- or smoking-related harm or the size of friendship networks would be longitudinally associated with young people's risky behaviours. METHODS: We used available cases (N=1,729) from adolescents aged between 10 and 15 who participated in waves 2 and 3 of the UK Longitudinal Household Study that has annually collected population representative data from 40,000 UK households...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539113/erratum-to-the-good-life-study-protocol-for-a-social-norms-intervention-to-reduce-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-among-danish-adolescents
#2
Christiane Stock, Lotte Vallentin-Holbech, Birthe Marie Rasmussen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535759/do-parents-support-behaviours-predict-whether-or-not-their-children-get-sufficient-sleep-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Evelyn Pyper, Daniel Harrington, Heather Manson
BACKGROUND: Sleep is an essential component of healthy cognitive and physical development. Lack of sleep may put children at risk for a variety of mental and physical health outcomes, including overweight, obesity and related chronic diseases. Given that children's sleep duration has decreased in recent decades, there is a need to understand the determinants of child sleep, including the role of parental support behaviours. This study aims to determine the relative contribution of different types of parental support behaviours for predicting the likelihood that children meet recently established Canadian sleep guidelines...
May 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535792/caught-between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-mental-health-of-migrant-live-in-caregivers-in-canada
#4
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong
BACKGROUND: Canada depends on Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs), also known as migrant workers, to fill labour shortage in agriculture, hospitality, construction, child/senior care, and other low-skilled occupations. Evidence shows that TFWs, especially women live-in caregivers (LC), constitute a vulnerable population. Their health is compromised by the precarious and harsh working and living conditions they encounter. There is a paucity of research on the mental health of LCs, their support systems and access to mental health services...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535784/a-meta-regression-analysis-of-41-australian-problem-gambling-prevalence-estimates-and-their-relationship-to-total-spending-on-electronic-gaming-machines
#5
Francis Markham, Martin Young, Bruce Doran, Mark Sugden
BACKGROUND: Many jurisdictions regularly conduct surveys to estimate the prevalence of problem gambling in their adult populations. However, the comparison of such estimates is problematic due to methodological variations between studies. Total consumption theory suggests that an association between mean electronic gaming machine (EGM) and casino gambling losses and problem gambling prevalence estimates may exist. If this is the case, then changes in EGM losses may be used as a proxy indicator for changes in problem gambling prevalence...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535781/why-australia-needs-to-define-obesity-as-a-chronic-condition
#6
C A Opie, H M Haines, K E Ervin, K Glenister, D Pierce
BACKGROUND: In Australia people with a diagnosed chronic condition can be managed on unique funded care plans that allow the recruitment of a multidisciplinary team to assist in setting treatment goals and adequate follow up. In contrast to the World Health Organisation, the North American and European Medical Associations, the Australian Medical Association does not recognise obesity as a chronic condition, therefore excluding a diagnosis of obesity from qualifying for a structured and funded treatment plan...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535755/the-relationships-between-harsh-physical-punishment-and-child-maltreatment-in-childhood-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-adulthood
#7
Tracie O Afifi, Natalie Mota, Jitender Sareen, Harriet L MacMillan
BACKGROUND: Physical punishment of children is an important public health concern. Yet, few studies have examined how physical punishment is related to other types of child maltreatment and violence across the lifespan. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to examine if harsh physical punishment (i.e., being pushed, grabbed, shoved, hit, and/or slapped without causing marks, bruises, or injury) is associated with an increased likelihood of more severe childhood maltreatment (i...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535753/anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-and-alcohol-use-among-adolescents-%C3%A2-a-cross-sectional-study-of-norwegian-secondary-school-students
#8
Espen Lund Johannessen, Helle Wessel Andersson, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard, Kristine Pape
BACKGROUND: We investigated the associations between symptoms of anxiety and depression and alcohol drinking behavior among adolescents, by focusing on the importance of symptom load, as well as gender differences. METHODS: Data was derived from a cross-sectional school based survey among adolescents in upper secondary schools in Norway. Among other variables adolescents reported on symptoms of anxiety and depression, time of onset and extent of alcohol use. The sample consisted of 6238 adolescents aged 16-18 years...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535752/four-year-trends-in-adiposity-and-its-association-with-hypertension-in-serial-groups-of-young-adult-university-students-in-urban-cameroon-a-time-series-study
#9
Simeon-Pierre Choukem, André-Pascal Kengne, Maxime-Leolein Nguefack, Yannick Mboue-Djieka, Daniel Nebongo, Jackson T Guimezap, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and is growing rapidly globally including in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We aimed to assess the trend in adiposity markers in Cameroonian university students, and investigated their associations with hypertension. METHODS: From 2009 to 2012, we annually measured weight, height, blood pressure, waist (WC) and hip circumferences, and calculated the body mass index (BMI) and other indices of adiposity in consecutive students aged 18 years or above, during their registration...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535751/socioeconomic-inequality-in-clusters-of-health-related-behaviours-in-europe-latent-class-analysis-of-a-cross-sectional-european-survey
#10
Shiho Kino, Eduardo Bernabé, Wael Sabbah
BACKGROUND: Modifiable health-related behaviours tend to cluster among most vulnerable sectors of the population, particularly those at the bottom of the social hierarchy. This study aimed to identify the clusters of health-related behaviours in 27 European countries and to examine the socioeconomic inequalities in these clusters. METHODS: Data were from Eurobarometer 72.3-2009, a cross-sectional survey of 27 European countries. The analyses were conducted in 2016...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532490/prevalence-and-determinants-of-childhood-mortality-in-nigeria
#11
Sanni Yaya, Michael Ekholuenetale, Godson Tudeme, Shah Vaibhav, Ghose Bishwajit, Bernard Kadio
BACKGROUND: Childhood mortality has remained a major challenge to public health amongst families in Nigeria and other developing countries. The menace of incessant childhood mortality has been a major concern and this calls for studies to generate new scientific evidence to determine its prevalence and explore predisposing factors associated with it in Nigeria. METHOD: Data was obtained from Nigeria DHS, 2013. The study outcome variable was the total number of children lost by male partners and female partners respectively who were married...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532482/-ensure-that-you-are-well-aware-of-the-risks-you-are-taking%C3%A2-actions-and-activities-medical-tourists-informal-caregivers-can-undertake-to-protect-their-health-and-safety
#12
Valorie A Crooks, Rebecca Whitmore, Jeremy Snyder, Leigh Turner
BACKGROUND: When seeking care at international hospitals and clinics, medical tourists are often accompanied by family members, friends, or other caregivers. Such caregiver-companions assume a variety of roles and responsibilities and typically offer physical assistance, provide emotional support, and aid in decision-making and record keeping as medical tourists navigate unfamiliar environments. While traveling abroad, medical tourists' caregiver-companions can find themselves confronted with challenging communication barriers, financial pressures, emotional strain, and unsafe environments...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532472/an-audit-of-food-and-beverage-advertising-on-the-sydney-metropolitan-train-network-regulation-and-policy-implications
#13
Emma Sainsbury, Stephen Colagiuri, Roger Magnusson
BACKGROUND: Increased marketing of energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods has been identified as a driver of the global obesity epidemic and a priority area for preventative efforts. Local and international research has focused on the unhealthiness of television advertising, with limited research into the growing outdoor advertising industry. This study aimed to examine the extent of food and beverage advertising on the Sydney metropolitan train network, and to assess the nutritional quality of advertised products against the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532446/dual-burden-of-malnutrition-in-us-affiliated-pacific-jurisdictions-in-the-children-s-healthy-living-program
#14
Rachel Novotny, Fenfang Li, Rachael Leon Guerrero, Patricia Coleman, Aifili J Tufa, Andrea Bersamin, Jonathan Deenik, Lynne R Wilkens
BACKGROUND: Few data are available on dual burden of under and over nutrition of children in the Pacific region. The objective was to examine prevalence of stunting at birth and current stunting and their relationship to obesity in US Affiliated Pacific (USAP) jurisdictions. METHODS: Cross sectional survey with cluster sampling by community. 5558, 2-8 years olds were measured in 51 communities in 11 USAP jurisdictions. The main outcome measures were stunting at birth, current stunting and obesity by body mass index...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532440/uptake-of-hiv-testing-in-burkina-faso-an-assessment-of-individual-and-community-level-determinants
#15
Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou, Kévin Jean, Mathieu Maheu-Giroux
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have highlighted a range of individual determinants associated with HIV testing but few have assessed the role of contextual factors. The objective of this paper is to examine the influence of both individual and community-level determinants of HIV testing uptake in Burkina Faso. METHODS: Using nationally representative cross-sectional data from the 2010 Demographic and Health Survey, the determinants of lifetime HIV testing were examined for sexually active women (n = 14,656) and men (n = 5680) using modified Poisson regression models...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532401/risk-reassurance-and-routine-a-qualitative-study-of-narrative-understandings-of-the-potential-for-hiv-self-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-england
#16
T Charles Witzel, Peter Weatherburn, Alison J Rodger, Adam H Bourne, Fiona M Burns
BACKGROUND: HIV testing has seen a rapid evolution over the last decade with multiple modalities now in use globally. In recent years HIV self-testing (HIVST) has been legalised in the UK paving the way for further expansion of testing. Interventions are delivered in particular social contexts which shape uptake. It is therefore important to understand how novel interventions are likely to be received by their intended users. This study aims to understand how HIVST compliments existing testing strategies considered or adopted by men who have sex with men (MSM)...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532399/economic-stress-and-condescending-treatment-in-childhood-and-adult-self-rated-health-results-from-a-population-study-in-sweden
#17
Fredrik Granström, Hans-Georg Eriksson, Anu Molarius
BACKGROUND: Even today, 12% of the children in Sweden live in poverty and many children are exposed to adverse experiences, such as being bullied, which may have long-term consequences on public health. This study examined the associations between economic stress and condescending treatment in childhood and self-rated health (SRH) in adulthood. METHODS: The study is based on 26,706 persons who responded to a postal survey questionnaire sent to a random sample of men and women aged 25-84 years in 2012 (response rate 53%)...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532397/a-systematic-review-of-factors-that-shape-implementation-of-mass-drug-administration-for-lymphatic-filariasis-in-sub-saharan-africa
#18
Adam Silumbwe, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Hikabasa Halwindi, Choolwe Jacobs, Jessy Zgambo, Rosalia Dambe, Mumbi Chola, Gershom Chongwe, Charles Michelo
BACKGROUND: Understanding factors surrounding the implementation process of mass drug administration for lymphatic filariasis (MDA for LF) elimination programmes is critical for successful implementation of similar interventions. The sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region records the second highest prevalence of the disease and subsequently several countries have initiated and implemented MDA for LF. Systematic reviews have largely focused on factors that affect coverage and compliance, with less attention on the implementation of MDA for LF activities...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527472/-leaving-no-one-behind-reflections-on-the-design-of-community-based-hiv-prevention-for-migrants-in-johannesburg-s-inner-city-hostels-and-informal-settlements
#19
Fiona Scorgie, Jo Vearey, Monique Oliff, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors' experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project...
May 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526028/move-the-neighbourhood-study-design-of-a-community-based-participatory-public-open-space-intervention-in-a-danish-deprived-neighbourhood-to-promote-active-living
#20
Charlotte Skau Pawlowski, Laura Winge, Sidse Carroll, Tanja Schmidt, Anne Margrethe Wagner, Kamilla Pernille Johansen Nørtoft, Bettina Lamm, René Kural, Jasper Schipperijn, Jens Troelsen
BACKGROUND: A limited amount of research has examined the effect of changing public open spaces on active living. This paper will present the study protocol of a community-based intervention study co-designed in an interdisciplinary collaboration with community members to develop urban installations highly tailored to promote active living among children (10-13-years-old) and seniors (>60-years-old) in a deprived neighbourhood in Copenhagen. METHODS: The study builds on a quasi-experimental study design with two sub-studies: 1) a children study and 2) a senior study...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
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