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BMC Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141607/users-experiences-of-wearable-activity-trackers-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Carol Maher, Jillian Ryan, Christina Ambrosi, Sarah Edney
BACKGROUND: Wearable activity trackers offer considerable promise for helping users to adopt healthier lifestyles. This study aimed to explore users' experience of activity trackers, including usage patterns, sharing of data to social media, perceived behaviour change (physical activity, diet and sleep), and technical issues/barriers to use. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was developed and administered to Australian adults who were current or former activity tracker users...
November 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141600/quantifying-the-need-for-enhanced-case-management-for-tb-patients-as-part-of-tb-cohort-audit-in-the-north-west-of-england-a-descriptive-study
#2
Angela Tucker, Jeniffer Mithoo, Paul Cleary, Mark Woodhead, Peter MacPherson, Tom Wingfield, Stefanie Davies, Carolyn Wake, Paddy McMaster, S Bertel Squire
BACKGROUND: Patients with TB have diverse and often challenging clinical and social needs that may hamper successful treatment outcomes. Understanding the need for additional support during treatment (enhanced case management, or ECM) is important for workforce capacity planning. North West England TB Cohort Audit (TBCA) has introduced a 4-level ECM classification system (ECM 0-3) to quantify the need for ECM in the region. This study describes the data from the first 2 years of ECM classification...
November 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141598/worklife-expectancy-in-a-cohort-of-danish-employees-aged-55-65%C3%A2-years-comparing-a-multi-state-cox-proportional-hazard-approach-with-conventional-multi-state-life-tables
#3
Jacob Pedersen, Jakob Bue Bjorner
BACKGROUND: Work life expectancy (WLE) expresses the expected time a person will remain in the labor market until he or she retires. This paper compares a life table approach to estimating WLE to an approach based on multi-state proportional hazards models. The two methods are used to estimate WLE in Danish members and non-members of an early retirement pensioning (ERP) scheme according to levels of health. METHODS: In 2008, data on self-rated health (SRH) was collected from 5212 employees 55-65 years of age...
November 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137609/a-comparative-content-analysis-of-media-reporting-of-sports-betting-in-australia-lessons-for-public-health-media-advocacy-approaches
#4
Jennifer L David, Samantha L Thomas, Melanie Randle, Steven J Bowe, Mike Daube
BACKGROUND: Harmful gambling is a significant public health issue. There has been widespread discussion in the Australian media about the extent and impact of sports betting on the Australian community, particularly relating to young men and children. Given the role that the media plays in influencing policy change and political agendas, and the acknowledgement that media based advocacy is a fundamental component of successful advocacy campaigns, this research aimed to investigate how different stakeholder groups discuss sports betting within the Australian print media...
November 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132346/less-healthy-breakfast-cereals-are-promoted-more-frequently-in-large-supermarket-chains-in-canada
#5
Monique Potvin Kent, Erika Rudnicki, Crystal Usher
BACKGROUND: The majority of food expenditures are made in supermarkets and this environment influences our purchasing and food intake. Breakfast cereals are frequently marketed as healthy food choices. The objective of this study was to examine the frequency of in-store promotions for cold breakfast cereals in Canadian supermarkets and to determine whether healthier or less healthy breakfast cereals are promoted more frequently. METHODS: Data was collected once per week over a four-week period from a convenience sample of the five largest Canadian supermarkets in the Ottawa/Gatineau area...
November 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126385/dilemma-between-health-and-environmental-motives-when-purchasing-animal-food-products-sociodemographic-and-nutritional-characteristics-of-consumers
#6
Sandrine Péneau, Philippine Fassier, Benjamin Allès, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Serge Hercberg, Caroline Méjean
BACKGROUND: Dietary guidelines in France give quantitative recommendations for intake of meat, fish and dairy products whereas consumers are increasingly concerned by the environmental impacts associated with the production of these foods. This potentially leads to consumer dilemmas when purchasing food products. The present study aimed at investigating the sociodemographic profiles of individuals reporting health and environmental dilemmas when purchasing meat, fish and dairy products, and comparing diet quality of individuals with and without dilemma...
November 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121884/evaluation-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-new-parents-protocol-paper-for-a-randomized-trial
#7
Alison Quinlan, Ryan E Rhodes, Mark R Beauchamp, Danielle Symons Downs, Darren E R Warburton, Chris M Blanchard
BACKGROUND: Identifying critical life transitions in people's physical activity behaviors may illuminate the most opportune intervention apertures for chronic disease prevention. A substantive evidence base now indicates that parenthood is one of these critical transition points for physical activity decline. This study will examine whether a brief theory-based intervention can prevent a decline in physical activity among new parents over 6 months following intervention. This study protocol represents the first dyad-based physical activity initiative in the parenthood literature involving both mothers and fathers; prior research has focused on only mothers or only fathers (albeit limited), and has shown only short-term changes in physical activity...
November 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117864/correction-to-ideas-actors-and-institutions-lessons-from-south-australian-health-in-all-policies-on-what-encourages-other-sectors-involvement
#8
Fran Baum, Toni Delany-Crowe, Colin MacDougall, Angela Lawless, Helen van Eyk, Carmel Williams
After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that Table 1 has been formatted poorly in the original version so that the columns are not aligned with their corresponding information. The correct version of the table is presented below. The original version of the article has now been revised.
November 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143685/available-studies-fail-to-provide-strong-evidence-of-increased-risk-of-diarrhea-mortality-due-to-measles-in-the-period-4-26%C3%A2-weeks-after-measles-rash-onset
#9
Bianca D Jackson, Robert E Black
BACKGROUND: Measles vaccination effectiveness studies showed dramatic decreases in all-cause mortality in excess of what would be expected from the prevention of measles disease alone. This invited speculation that measles infection may increase the risk of diarrhea morbidity and mortality subsequent to the acute phase of the disease. The aim of the present systematic review is to summarize the existing evidence in the publically available literature pertaining to the putative causal link between measles and diarrhea in the period 4-26 weeks following measles rash onset...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143682/using-the-lives-saved-tool-to-aid-country-planning-in-meeting-mortality-targets-a-case-study-from-mali
#10
Youssouf Keita, Hamadoun Sangho, Timothy Roberton, Emilia Vignola, Mariam Traoré, Melinda Munos
BACKGROUND: Mali is one of four countries implementing a National Evaluation Platform (NEP) to build local capacity to answer evaluation questions for maternal, newborn, child health and nutrition (MNCH&N). In 2014-15, NEP-Mali addressed questions about the potential impact of Mali's MNCH&N plans and strategies, and identified priority interventions to achieve targeted mortality reductions. METHODS: The NEP-Mali team modeled the potential impact of three intervention packages in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) from 2014 to 2023...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143679/all-things-to-all-people-trade-offs-in-pursuit-of-an-ideal-modeling-tool-for-maternal-and-child-health
#11
Timothy Roberton, Kate Litvin, Andrew Self, Angela R Stegmuller
BACKGROUND: Modeling tools have potential to aid decision making for program planning and evaluation at all levels, but are still largely the domain of technical experts, consultants, and global-level staff. One model that can improve decision making for maternal and child health is the Lives Saved Tool (LiST). We examined respondents' perceptions of LiST's strengths and weaknesses, to identify ways in which LiST - and similar modeling tools - can adapt to be more accessible and helpful to policy makers...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143649/modelling-stunting-in-list-the-effect-of-applying-smoothing-to-linear-growth-data
#12
Simon Cousens, Jamie Perin, Parul Christian, Lee Shu-Fune Wu, Sajid Soofi, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Claudio Lanata, Richard L Guerrant, Aldo A M Lima, Kåre Mølbak, Palle Valentiner-Branth, William Checkley, Robert H Gilman, R Bradley Sack, Robert E Black, Jean Humphrey, Neff Walker
BACKGROUND: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is a widely used resource for evidence-based decision-making regarding health program scale-up in low- and middle-income countries. LiST estimates the impact of specified changes in intervention coverage on mortality and stunting among children under 5 years of age. We aimed to improve the estimates of the parameters in LiST that determine the rate at which the effects of interventions to prevent stunting attenuate as children get older. METHODS: We identified datasets with serial measurements of children's lengths or heights and used random effects models and restricted cubic splines to model the growth trajectories of children with at least six serial length/height measurements...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143647/modelling-stillbirth-mortality-reduction-with-the-lives-saved-tool
#13
Hannah Blencowe, Victoria B Chou, Joy E Lawn, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The worldwide burden of stillbirths is large, with an estimated 2.6 million babies stillborn in 2015 including 1.3 million dying during labour. The Every Newborn Action Plan set a stillbirth target of ≤12 per 1000 in all countries by 2030. Planning tools will be essential as countries set policy and plan investment to scale up interventions to meet this target. This paper summarises the approach taken for modelling the impact of scaling-up health interventions on stillbirths in the Lives Saved tool (LiST), and potential future refinements...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143644/the-effects-of-family-planning-and-other-factors-on-fertility-abortion-miscarriage-and-stillbirths-in-the-spectrum-model
#14
John Stover, William Winfrey
BACKGROUND: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) estimates the effects of maternal and child health interventions on mortality rates and the number of deaths. The family planning module in Spectrum interacts with LiST by providing estimates of the effects of scaling up family planning use on the number of live births, miscarriages, abortions, and stillbirths. METHODS: We use the proximate determinants of fertility framework to estimate the effects of changes in contraceptive use, proportion married, postpartum insusceptibility, abortion and sterility on the total fertility rate...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143641/effects-of-deworming-on-child-and-maternal-health-a-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Winter Maxwell Thayer, Adrienne Clermont, Neff Walker
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminth infections are widespread. Many studies have been published on the topic of deworming. The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is a software package that uses a deterministic mathematical model to estimate the effect of scaling up interventions on maternal and child health outcomes. This review investigates the scope of available evidence for benefits of deworming treatments in order to inform a decision about possible inclusion of deworming as an intervention in LiST...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143640/how-is-the-lives-saved-tool-list-used-in-the-global-health-community-results-of-a-mixed-methods-list-user-study
#16
Angela R Stegmuller, Andrew Self, Kate Litvin, Timothy Roberton
BACKGROUND: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is a computer-based model that estimates the impact of scaling up key interventions to improve maternal, newborn and child health. Initially developed to inform the Lancet Child Survival Series of 2003, the functionality and scope of LiST have been expanded greatly over the past 10 years. This study sought to "take stock" of how LiST is now being used and for what purposes. METHODS: We conducted a quantitative survey of LiST users, qualitative interviews with a smaller sample of LiST users and members of the LiST team at Johns Hopkins University, and a literature review of studies involving LiST analyses...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143639/linking-household-surveys-and-health-facility-assessments-to-estimate-intervention-coverage-for-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#17
Mufaro Kanyangarara, Victoria B Chou
BACKGROUND: Calls have been made for improved measurement of coverage for maternal, newborn and child health interventions. Recently, methods linking household and health facility surveys have been used to improve estimation of intervention coverage. However, linking methods rely the availability of household and health facility surveys which are temporally matched. Because nationally representative health facility assessments are not yet routinely conducted in many low and middle income countries, estimates of intervention coverage based on linking methods can be produced for only a subset of countries...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143638/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-interventions-for-acute-childhood-diarrhea-a-systematic-review-to-provide-estimates-for-the-lives-saved-tool
#18
Nazia Darvesh, Jai K Das, Tyler Vaivada, Michelle F Gaffey, Kumanan Rasanathan, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: In the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) era, there is growing recognition of the responsibilities of non-health sectors in improving the health of children. Interventions to improve access to clean water, sanitation facilities, and hygiene behaviours (WASH) represent key opportunities to improve child health and well-being by preventing the spread of infectious diseases and improving nutritional status. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies evaluating the effects of WASH interventions on childhood diarrhea in children 0-5 years old...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143637/impact-of-malaria-interventions-on-child-mortality-in-endemic-african-settings-comparison-and-alignment-between-list-and-spectrum-malaria-model
#19
Eline Korenromp, Matthew Hamilton, Rachel Sanders, Guy Mahiané, Olivier J T Briët, Thomas Smith, William Winfrey, Neff Walker, John Stover
BACKGROUND: In malaria-endemic countries, malaria prevention and treatment are critical for child health. In the context of intervention scale-up and rapid changes in endemicity, projections of intervention impact and optimized program scale-up strategies need to take into account the consequent dynamics of transmission and immunity. METHODS: The new Spectrum-Malaria program planning tool was used to project health impacts of Insecticide-Treated mosquito Nets (ITNs) and effective management of uncomplicated malaria cases (CMU), among other interventions, on malaria infection prevalence, case incidence and mortality in children 0-4 years, 5-14 years of age and adults...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143633/predicting-high-risk-births-with-contraceptive-prevalence-and-contraceptive-method-mix-in-an-ecologic-analysis
#20
Jamie Perin, Agbessi Amouzou, Neff Walker
BACKGROUND: Increased contraceptive use has been associated with a decrease in high parity births, births that occur close together in time, and births to very young or to older women. These types of births are also associated with high risk of under-five mortality. Previous studies have looked at the change in the level of contraception use and the average change in these types of high-risk births. We aim to predict the distribution of births in a specific country when there is a change in the level and method of modern contraception...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
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