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BMC Public Health

Inés Gómez-Acebo, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, María de Pedro, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Tania Fernández-Villa, Camilo Palazuelos-Calderón, Pilar Amiano, Jaione Etxeberria, Yolanda Benavente, Guillermo Fernández-Tardón, Inmaculada Salcedo-Bellido, Rocío Capelo, Rosana Peiró, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, José M Huerta, Adonina Tardón, Aurelio Barricarte, Jone-Miren Altzibar, Jessica Alonso-Molero, Verónica Dávila-Batista, Nuria Aragonés, Marina Pollán, Manolis Kogevinas, Javier Llorca
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used despite their risk of gastrointestinal bleeding or cardiovascular events. We report the profile of people taking NSAIDs in Spain, and we include demographic factors, health-related behaviours and cardiovascular disease history. METHODS: Four thousand sixtyparticipants were selected using a pseudorandom number list from Family Practice lists in 12 Spanish provinces. They completed a face-to-face computerized interview on their NSAID consumption, demographic characteristics, body mass index, alcohol and tobacco consumption and medical history...
September 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
Geraint Ellis, Ruth F Hunter, Adriano Akira F Hino, Claire L Cleland, Sara Ferguson, Brendan Murtagh, Ciro Romelio Rodriguez Anez, Sara Melo, Mark Tully, Frank Kee, Urmi Sengupta, Rodrigo Reis
BACKGROUND: The ability to 'age in place' is dependent on a range of inter-personal, social and built environment attributes, with the latter being a key area for potential intervention. There is an emerging body of evidence that indicates the type of built environment features that may best support age friendly communities, but there is a need to expand and consolidate this, while generating a better understanding of how on how research findings can be most effectively be translated in to policy and practice...
September 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
Oksoo Kim, Hee Jung Jang, Sue Kim, Hea-Young Lee, Eunyoung Cho, Jung Eun Lee, Heeja Jung, Jiyoung Kim
BACKGROUND: Recently, the number of patients diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has increased in Korea. Risk factors of GERD include age, sex, medication use, lack of physical exercise, increased psychological stress, low or high body mass index (BMI), unhealthy eating habits, increased alcohol consumption, and cigarette smoking. However, few studies examined the major factors affecting GERD in women of childbearing age. Therefore, this study assessed the risk factors of GERD among 20,613 female nurses of reproductive age using data from the Korea Nurses' Health Study...
September 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
Christopher J Rogers, Kaitlin O Bahr, Stephanie M Benjamin
BACKGROUND: Although research has explored influenza vaccination uptake among medical and college students, there is a dearth of research in understanding influenza vaccination uptake and attitudes toward the vaccine among future public health practitioners. Undergraduate public health students represent future public health practitioners who may be a significant educational resource for health information, including the importance of vaccinations. METHODS: This cross-sectional study utilized survey data from 158 undergraduate public health students attending a large public university in Southern California...
September 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Hiroki Sato, Shigeru Inoue, Noritoshi Fukushima, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Tomoko Takamiya, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Yuki Hikihara, Shigeho Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Physical activity among children and adolescents (collectively, youth) is important to ensure adult health. Population density is a factor that affects physical activity via various environmental factors. However, the relationship between population density and physical activity among youth is not fully understood, especially in extremely high density area. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between population density and physical activity of youth using pedometer-determined step data...
September 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Błażej Łyszczarz
BACKGROUND: As a consequence of unfavourable epidemiological trends and the development of disease management, the economic aspects of heart failure (HF) have become more and more important. The costs of treatment (direct costs) appear to be the most frequently addressed topic in the economic research on HF; however, less is known about productivity losses (indirect costs) and the public finance burden attributable to the disease. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the indirect costs and public finance consequences of HF in Poland in the period 2012-2015...
September 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
Emma Muhlack, Drew Carter, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Nicholas Morfidis, Jaklin Eliott
BACKGROUND: Current research into alcohol consumption focuses predominantly on problematic drinkers and populations considered likely to engage in risky behaviours. Middle-aged drinkers are an under-researched group, despite emerging evidence that their regular drinking patterns may carry some risk. METHODS: We searched Scopus, Ovid Medline, and Ovid PsycInfo for peer-reviewed, English-language publications appearing prior to 31 December 2015 and relating to the construction of alcohol consumption by middle-aged non-problematised drinkers...
September 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
Anne M Nabukenya, Joseph K B Matovu
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that HIV prevalence is generally higher among older than younger persons. However, few studies have explored issues regarding HIV testing and awareness of HIV status among older persons. We explored the correlates of HIV status awareness among older adults (aged 45+ years) in Uganda. METHODS: This paper is based on secondary analysis of existing data on persons aged between 45 and 59 years from a nationally representative Uganda AIDS Indicator Survey which was conducted between February and September 2011...
September 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
Alan R Clough, Michelle S Fitts, Reinhold Muller, Valmae Ypinazar, Stephen Margolis
BACKGROUND: Legal restrictions on alcohol availability have been used to address violence and injury in the world's remote Indigenous communities. In Australia, alcohol management plans (AMPs) were implemented by the Queensland Government in 2002. This study reports changes in indicators of alcohol-related violence and injury in selected communities. METHODS: Design and setting: A longitudinal observational study was conducted in four Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) communities in Cape York, far north Queensland...
September 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
D B Cohen, M Phiri, H Banda, S B Squire, I Namakhoma, N Desmond
BACKGROUND: Patients being treated for recurrent or multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) require long courses of injectable anti-tuberculous agents. In order to maintain strong TB control programmes, it is vital that the experiences of people who receive long-term injectables for TB are well understood. To investigate the feasibility of a novel model of care delivery, a clinical trial (The TB-RROC Study) was conducted at two central hospitals in Malawi. Hospital-based care was compared to a community-based approach for patients on TB retreatment in which 'guardians' (patient-nominated lay people) were trained to deliver injections to patients at home...
September 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
Jocelyn Huey, Dorie E Apollonio
BACKGROUND: In the late 20th century, US localities began increasing the minimum age of legal access (MLA) for tobacco from 18 to 21 years by enacting "Tobacco 21" ordinances. Although these policies have a strong evidence base and broad popular support, popular media coverage of tobacco control laws has not always been accurate. This study sought to determine if contemporaneous popular media reporting accurately reflected the scientific findings regarding increased tobacco MLAs...
September 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
Lei Tian, Ziyong Sun, Zhen Zhang
BACKGROUND: Data on the pathogens responsible for nosocomial bloodstream infection (BSI) and their antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Hubei province are limited. This study was conducted to determine the major pathogens causing BSI and to characterize their AMR. METHODS: Data from the China Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (CARSS) from 2014 to 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae were the most common pathogens responsible for nosocomial BSI...
September 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Minsuk Oh, Sue Kim, Ki-Yong An, Jihee Min, Hyuk In Yang, Junga Lee, Mi Kyung Lee, Dong-Il Kim, Hye-Sun Lee, Ji-Won Lee, Justin Y Jeon
BACKGROUND: It has been recognized that alternate day calorie restriction (ADCR) or exercise has positive effects on cardio-metabolic risk factors. It is unclear whether the combined effect of ADCR and exercise (aerobic + resistance training) influences risk. We investigated effects of an 8-week ADCR and exercise program (aerobic + resistance training) on cardio-metabolic risk factors in overweight and obese adults. METHODS: This study randomized 45 overweight or obese but healthy adults (F = 26, M = 19; aged about 32 to 40 years) into 4 groups: ADCR (n = 13), exercise (n = 10), exercise plus ADCR (n = 12), and control (n = 10) for 8 weeks...
September 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Christine Linhart, Take Naseri, Sophia Lin, Richard Taylor, Stephen Morrell, Stephen T McGarvey, Dianna J Magliano, Paul Zimmet
BACKGROUND: To analyse trends over the period 1991-2013 in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and the prevalence of hypertension in adults aged 25-64 years in Samoa; and to assess the contribution of rising obesity levels to period trends. METHODS: Unit record data from seven population-based surveys (n = 10,881) conducted between 1991 and 2013 were included for analysis. Surveys were adjusted to the nearest previous census to improve national representativeness...
September 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Mee-Ri Lee, Sung Min Jung, Hyuk Bang, Hwa Sung Kim, Yong Bae Kim
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting researches on the relationship between muscular strength and depression, the most common mental illness. There is no study of relationship between muscular strength and depression using national data from young adults to seniors. For example, there has not been a study done explaining mediating pathways among the influences of handgrip strength on depression. Here, we conducted survey for the association between relative handgrip strength and depression and explain mediated pathways for quality of life...
September 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Kaitlyn E Brodar, M Justin Byron, Kathryn Peebles, Marissa G Hall, Jessica K Pepper, Noel T Brewer
BACKGROUND: Pictorial cigarette pack warnings discourage smoking, but most evidence comes from studies of adults. Our qualitative study explored adolescents' reactions to pictorial warnings on their parents' cigarette packs. METHODS: We interviewed 24 adolescents whose parents received pictorial warnings on their cigarette packs as part of a randomized clinical trial. We conducted a thematic content analysis of the interview transcripts. RESULTS: Pictorial cigarette pack warnings led adolescents to imagine the depicted health effects happening to their parents, which elicited negative emotions...
September 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Charlotte L Edwardson, Stuart J H Biddle, Alexandra Clarke-Cornwell, Stacy Clemes, Melanie J Davies, David W Dunstan, Helen Eborall, Malcolm H Granat, Laura J Gray, Genevieve N Healy, Gerry Richardson, Thomas Yates, Fehmidah Munir
BACKGROUND: Office-based workers typically spend 70-85% of working hours, and a large proportion of leisure time, sitting. High levels of sitting have been linked to poor health. There is a need for fully powered randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with long-term follow-up to test the effectiveness of interventions to reduce sitting. This paper describes the methodology of a three-arm cluster RCT designed to determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the SMART Work & Life intervention, delivered with and without a height-adjustable desk, for reducing daily sitting...
September 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
Peter Selby, Sabrina Voci, Laurie Zawertailo, Dolly Baliunas, Rosa Dragonetti, Sarwar Hussain
BACKGROUND: Provision of evidence-based smoking cessation treatment may contribute to health disparities if barriers to treatment are greater for more disadvantaged groups. We describe and evaluate the public health impact of a novel outreach program to improve access to smoking cessation treatment in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: We partnered with Public Health Units (PHUs) located across the province to deliver single-session workshops providing standardized evidence-based content and 10 weeks (2007-2008) or 5 weeks (2008-2016) of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)...
September 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
Senlin Chen, David A Dzewaltowski, Richard R Rosenkranz, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, Spyridoula Vazou, Douglas A Gentile, Joey A Lee, Kyle J Braun, Maren M Wolff, Gregory J Welk
BACKGROUND: There is a need to identify strategies that enhance the implementation of evidence-based school wellness intervention programs in real-world settings. The present study evaluates the feasibility of empowering school wellness leaders to deliver an evidence-based, childhood obesity-prevention program called Switch ™. We specifically evaluated the feasibility of a new implementation framework, based on the robust Healthy Youth Places framework, to increase capacity of school leaders to lead school wellness programming...
September 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
Chuchard Punsawad, Nonthapan Phasuk, Suchirat Bunratsami, Kanjana Thongtup, Parnpen Viriyavejakul, Sarawoot Palipoch, Phanit Koomhin, Somchok Nongnaul
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are among the most common type of infections worldwide and are widely distributed in tropical areas. In rural areas of southern Thailand where most land is used for agriculture, children are at risk of acquiring parasites, especially STHs. Assessing the current situation regarding parasitic infection in these areas is a prerequisite for developing appropriate control measures. This study is aimed at determining the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections, the intensity of STH infections and the associated risk factors among primary schoolchildren in Nopphitam District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand...
September 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
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