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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728572/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-malaria-transmission-in-mamfene-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa-2015
#1
Pinky N Manana, Lazarus Kuonza, Alfred Musekiwa, Hluphi D Mpangane, Lizette L Koekemoer
BACKGROUND: In South Africa malaria is endemic in Mpumalanga, Limpopo and the north-eastern areas of KwaZulu-Natal provinces. South Africa has set targets to eliminate malaria by 2018 and research into complementary vector control tools such as the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is ongoing. It is important to understand community perceptions regarding malaria transmission and control interventions to enable development of community awareness campaign messages appropriate to the needs of the community...
July 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728569/parents-and-caregivers-experiences-and-behaviours-when-eating-out-with-children-with-a-food-hypersensitivity
#2
Fiona M Begen, Julie Barnett, Miriam Barber, Ros Payne, M Hazel Gowland, Jane S Lucas
BACKGROUND: For parents and caregivers of food hypersensitive (FH) children, accommodating their child's dietary needs when eating out can be a challenging experience. This study explored caregivers' experiences and behaviours when eating out with their FH child in order to gain insights into how they support and prepare their child in negotiating safe eating out experiences. METHODS: A cross-sectional, qualitative design was used. In depth, semi-structured interviews were carried out with 15 caregivers of children with FH...
July 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728550/exploring-status-and-determinants-of-prenatal-and-postnatal-visits-in-western-china-in-the-background-of-the-new-health-system-reform
#3
Xiaojing Fan, Zhongliang Zhou, Shaonong Dang, Yongjian Xu, Jianmin Gao, Zhiying Zhou, Min Su, Dan Wang, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: Prenatal and postnatal visits are two effective interventions for protection and promotion of maternal health by reducing maternal mortality and improving the quality of birth. There is limited nationally representative data regarding the changes of prenatal and postnatal visits since the latest health system reform initiated in 2009 in Shaanxi, China. The aim of this study was to explore the current status and determinants of prenatal and postnatal visits in the background of new health system reform...
July 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728547/community-based-initiatives-improving-critical-health-literacy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-evidence
#4
Liesbeth de Wit, Christine Fenenga, Cinzia Giammarchi, Lucia di Furia, Inge Hutter, Andrea de Winter, Louise Meijering
BACKGROUND: Critical health literacy enables older adults to make informed health decisions and take actions for the health and wellbeing of themselves and their community, within their own social and cultural context. A community-based approach has the potential to improve the critical health literacy of older adults and their communities. However, it is not clear how such initiatives consider critical health literacy. Therefore, this study explored how community-based initiatives address the critical health literacy of older adults and their communities...
July 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724425/using-the-uganda-national-panel-survey-to-analyze-the-effect-of-staple-food-consumption-on-undernourishment-in-ugandan-children
#5
Michelle M Amaral, William E Herrin, Grace Bulenzi Gulere
BACKGROUND: The United Nations' Millennium Development Goals Report, 2015, documents that, since 1990, the number of stunted children in sub-Saharan Africa has increased by 33% even though it has fallen in all other world regions. Recognizing this, in 2011 the Government of Uganda implemented a 5-year Nutrition Action Plan. One important tenet of the Plan is to lessen malnutrition in young children by discouraging over-consumption of nutritionally deficient, but plentiful, staple foods, which it defines as a type of food insecurity...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724424/the-traditional-lunch-pattern-is-inversely-correlated-with-body-mass-index-in-a-population-based-study-in-brazil
#6
Roberta de Oliveira Santos, Diva Aliete Dos Santos Vieira, Andreia Alexandra Machado Miranda, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni, Valéria Troncoso Baltar
BACKGROUND: The association of obesity and dietary patterns has been well documented in scientific literature; however, information on the impact of meal patterns on obesity is scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of adherence to lunch patterns and body mass index (BMI) in a representative sample of individuals aged 20 years or older in Sao Paulo. METHODS: Data for 933 participants were retrieved from the Health Survey of São Paulo (ISA-Capital 2008), a cross-sectional population-based survey...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724413/smoking-related-general-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-estonia
#7
Gea Kõks, Krista Fischer, Sulev Kõks
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is known to be the single largest cause of premature death worldwide. The aim of present study was to analyse the effect of smoking on general and cause-specific mortality in the Estonian population. METHODS: The data from 51,756 adults in the Estonian Genome Center of the University of Tartu was used. Information on dates and causes of death was retrieved from the National Causes of Death Registry. Smoking status, general survival, general mortality and cause-specific mortality were analysed using Kaplan-Meier estimator and Cox proportional hazards models...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724374/cost-effectiveness-of-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-among-hiv-infected-patients-clinicaly-screened-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Grace A Shayo, Dereck Chitama, Candida Moshiro, Said Aboud, Muhammad Bakari, Ferdinand Mugusi
BACKGROUND: One of the reasons why Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for Tuberculosis (TB) is not widely used in low income countries is concerns on cost of excluding active TB. We analyzed the cost-effectiveness of IPT provision in Tanzania having ruled out active TB by a symptom-based screening tool. METHODS: Data on IPT cost-effectiveness was prospectively collected from an observational cohort study of 1283 HIV-infected patients on IPT and 1281 controls; followed up for 24 months...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724371/association-between-full-service-and-fast-food-restaurant-density-dietary-intake-and-overweight-obesity-among-adults-in-delhi-india
#9
Opal Patel, Safraj Shahulhameed, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammad Tayyab, Atiqur Rahman, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Nikhil Tandon, Lindsay M Jaacks
BACKGROUND: The food environment has been implicated as an underlying contributor to the global obesity epidemic. However, few studies have evaluated the relationship between the food environment, dietary intake, and overweight/obesity in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The aim of this study was to assess the association of full service and fast food restaurant density with dietary intake and overweight/obesity in Delhi, India. METHODS: Data are from a cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in Delhi...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720129/predictors-of-return-to-work-among-patients-in-treatment-for-common-mental-disorders-a-pre-post-study
#10
Mattias Victor, Bjørn Lau, Torleif Ruud
BACKGROUND: Effects of return to work (RTW) interventions vary, and more knowledge is needed about the factors that contribute to RTW. This study investigated changes in work participation and mental health, and predictors of RTW among patients being treated for common mental disorders (CMDs). METHODS: The study was a prospective pre-post study of 164 patients treated at an RTW outpatient clinic for CMDs. Differences between before and after treatment were analysed using paired t tests for continuous variables and marginal homogeneity test for categorical variables...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720106/caretaker-adolescent-communication-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-a-cross-sectional-study-in-unguja-tanzania-zanzibar
#11
Saada A Seif, Thecla W Kohi, Candida S Moshiro
BACKGROUND: Caretakers/parents/caregivers/guardians play important roles in improving Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) of adolescents. Caretaker-adolescent sexual communication suggested to influence young people's sexual behaviours. Despite this significance, the communication is believed to be low in Unguja due to the increase of risky sexual behaviours among adolescents. This study assessed the pattern of such communication using IMB model as a framework. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study targeted caretakers of adolescents aged 15-19...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720083/a-prolonged-community-wide-cholera-outbreak-associated-with-drinking-water-contaminated-by-sewage-in-kasese-district-western-uganda
#12
Benon Kwesiga, Gerald Pande, Alex Riolexus Ario, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Joseph K B Matovu, Bao-Ping Zhu
BACKGROUND: In May 2015, a cholera outbreak that had lasted 3 months and infected over 100 people was reported in Kasese District, Uganda, where multiple cholera outbreaks had occurred previously. We conducted an investigation to identify the mode of transmission to guide control measures. METHODS: We defined a suspected case as onset of acute watery diarrhoea from 1 February 2015 onwards in a Kasese resident. A confirmed case was a suspected case with Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor, serotype Inaba cultured from a stool sample...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720080/long-term-effectiveness-of-mailed-nicotine-replacement-therapy-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-5-year-follow-up
#13
Vladyslav Kushnir, Peter Selby, Laurie Zawertailo, Rachel F Tyndale, Scott T Leatherdale, John A Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Our group recently completed a randomized controlled trial, evaluating the efficacy of providing 5 weeks of free nicotine replacement therapy (NRT; in the form of the nicotine patch) by expedited postal mail without behavioral assistance to regular adult smokers interested in receiving it. The findings revealed that mailed provision of nicotine patches resulted in more than a doubling of quit rates at a six-month follow-up compared to a no intervention control group. While this trial provided evidence for the effectiveness of mailed nicotine patches in promoting cessation, the findings speak only to the short term effectiveness of this approach...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720079/implementation-effectiveness-trial-of-an-ecological-intervention-for-physical-activity-in-ethnically-diverse-low-income-senior-centers
#14
Porchia Rich, Gregory A Aarons, Michelle Takemoto, Veronica Cardenas, Katie Crist, Khalisa Bolling, Brittany Lewars, Cynthia Castro Sweet, Loki Natarajan, Yuyan Shi, Kelsie M Full, Eileen Johnson, Dori E Rosenberg, Melicia Whitt-Glover, Bess Marcus, Jacqueline Kerr
BACKGROUND: As the US population ages, there is an increasing need for evidence based, peer-led physical activity programs, particularly in ethnically diverse, low income senior centers where access is limited. METHODS/DESIGN: The Peer Empowerment Program 4 Physical Activity' (PEP4PA) is a hybrid Type II implementation-effectiveness trial that is a peer-led physical activity (PA) intervention based on the ecological model of behavior change. The initial phase is a cluster randomized control trial randomized to either a peer-led PA intervention or usual center programming...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716117/stress-prevention-work-a-study-protocol-for-the-evaluation-of-a-multifaceted-integral-stress-prevention-strategy-to-prevent-employee-stress-in-a-healthcare-organization-a-cluster-controlled-trial
#15
Rianne J A Hoek, Bo M Havermans, Irene L D Houtman, Evelien P M Brouwers, Yvonne F Heerkens, Moniek C Zijlstra-Vlasveld, Johannes R Anema, Allard J van der Beek, Cécile R L Boot
BACKGROUND: Adequate implementation of work-related stress management interventions can reduce or prevent work-related stress and sick leave in organizations. We developed a multifaceted integral stress-prevention strategy for organizations from several sectors that includes a digital platform and collaborative learning network. The digital platform contains a stepwise protocol to implement work-related stress-management interventions. It includes stress screeners, interventions and intervention providers to facilitate access to and the selection of matching work-related stress-management interventions...
July 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716017/impact-of-injury-related-mortality-on-life-expectancy-in-zhejiang-china-based-on-death-and-population-surveillance-data
#16
Fang-Rong Fei, Jie-Ming Zhong, Min Yu, Wei-Wei Gong, Meng Wang, Jin Pan, Hai-Bin Wu, Ru-Ying Hu
BACKGROUND: Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of injury-related mortality on life expectancy in Zhejiang Province. METHODS: Our study used standard life tables to calculate life expectancy and cause-removed life expectancy based on mortality data from the Zhejiang Chronic Disease Surveillance System. RESULTS: Life expectancy of residents in Zhejiang was 77...
July 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716015/illegal-gold-miners-in-french-guiana-a-neglected-population-with-poor-health
#17
Maylis Douine, Emilie Mosnier, Quentin Le Hingrat, Charlotte Charpentier, Florine Corlin, Louise Hureau, Antoine Adenis, Yassamine Lazrek, Florence Niemetsky, Anne-Laure Aucouturier, Magalie Demar, Lise Musset, Mathieu Nacher
BACKGROUND: In French Guiana, a French overseas territory in South America, 6 to 10 thousands undocumented persons work illegally in gold mining sites in the Amazonian forest. Precarious life conditions lead to poor health but few data exist on the health status of illegal gold miners in French Guiana. The objective of this article was to describe the sociodemographic and health status of this vulnerable population. METHOD: A prospective cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2015 on gold mine supply sites at the border between French Guiana and Suriname...
July 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716009/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-malaria-among-adults-in-east-shewa-zone-of-oromia-regional-state-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Frew Tadesse, Andrew W Fogarty, Wakgari Deressa
BACKGROUND: Malaria is one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. The disease is prevalent in over 75% of the country's area making it the leading public health problems in the country. Information on the prevalence of malaria and its associated factors is vital to focus and improve malaria interventions. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from October to November 2012 in East Shewa zone of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia...
July 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709420/area-based-socioeconomic-factors-and-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccination-among-teen-boys-in-the-united-states
#19
Kevin A Henry, Allison L Swiecki-Sikora, Antoinette M Stroup, Echo L Warner, Deanna Kepka
BACKGROUND: This study is the first to examine associations between several area-based socioeconomic factors and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake among boys in the United States (U.S.). METHODS: Data from the 2012-2013 National Immunization Survey-Teen restricted-use data were analyzed to examine associations of HPV vaccination initiation (receipt of ≥1 dose) and series completion (receipt of three doses) among boys aged 13-17 years (N = 19,518) with several individual-level and ZIP Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA) census measures...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709417/putting-women-at-the-center-a-review-of-indian-policy-to-address-person-centered-care-in-maternal-and-newborn-health-family-planning-and-abortion
#20
Aradhana Srivastava, Devaki Singh, Dominic Montagu, Sanghita Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: Person-centered care is a critical component of quality care, essential to enable treatment adherence, and maximize health outcomes. Improving the quality of health services is a key strategy to achieve the new global target of zero preventable maternal deaths by 2030. Recognizing this, the Government of India has in the last decade initiated a number of strategies to address quality of care in health and family welfare services. METHODS: We conducted a policy review of quality improvement strategies in India from 2005 to 15, covering three critical areas- maternal and newborn health, family planning, and abortion (MNHFP + A)...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
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