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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330465/the-impact-of-non-response-bias-due-to-sampling-in-public-health-studies-a-comparison-of-voluntary-versus-mandatory-recruitment-in-a-dutch-national-survey-on-adolescent-health
#1
Kei Long Cheung, Peter M Ten Klooster, Cees Smit, Hein de Vries, Marcel E Pieterse
BACKGROUND: In public health monitoring of young people it is critical to understand the effects of selective non-response, in particular when a controversial topic is involved like substance abuse or sexual behaviour. Research that is dependent upon voluntary subject participation is particularly vulnerable to sampling bias. As respondents whose participation is hardest to elicit on a voluntary basis are also more likely to report risk behaviour, this potentially leads to underestimation of risk factor prevalence...
March 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327116/a-tailored-online-safety-and-health-intervention-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-the-ican-plan-4-safety-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#2
Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Colleen Varcoe, Kelly Scott-Storey, Judith Wuest, James Case, Leanne M Currie, Nancy Glass, Marilyn Hodgins, Harriet MacMillan, Nancy Perrin, C Nadine Wathen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) threatens the safety and health of women worldwide. Safety planning is a widely recommended, evidence-based intervention for women experiencing IPV, yet fewer than 1 in 5 Canadian women access safety planning through domestic violence services. Rural, Indigenous, racialized, and immigrant women, those who prioritize their privacy, and/or women who have partners other than men, face unique safety risks and access barriers. Online IPV interventions tailored to the unique features of women's lives, and to maximize choice and control, have potential to reduce access barriers, and improve fit and inclusiveness, maximizing effectiveness of these interventions for diverse groups...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327111/temporal-distribution-of-gastroenteritis-viruses-in-ouagadougou-burkina-faso-seasonality-of-rotavirus
#3
Nafissatou Ouedraogo, Stephanie Moustapha Tomba Ngangas, Isidore Juste Ouindguèta Bonkoungou, Aissatou Bénéwendé Tiendrebeogo, Kuan Abdoulaye Traore, Idrissa Sanou, Alfred Sababénédjo Traore, Nicolas Barro
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis is one of the most common diseases among children and adults, and continues to cause a major problem of public health in Burkina Faso. The temporal pattern of rotavirus, norovirus, sapovirus, astrovirus, adenovirus and Aichivirus A was studied by examining prevalence of gastroenteritis viruses in association with meteorological variables in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. METHODS: Stool samples from 263 children under 5 years of age and 170 older children patients, adolescent and adults with gastroenteritis were collected in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso from November 2011 to September 2012...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327105/association-of-physical-activity-on-body-composition-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-korean-population-from-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#4
Gwang-Sil Kim, Eui Im, Ji-Hyuck Rhee
BACKGROUND: Data regarding associations among physical activity (PA) level, body composition, and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Asian populations are rare. METHODS: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was utilized to estimate PA levels and analyze the association of PA level with various body composition parameters and the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases by using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2011...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320361/estimates-of-hospitalization-attributable-to-influenza-and-rsv-in-the-us-during-1997-2009-by-age-and-risk-status
#5
Gonçalo Matias, Robert Taylor, François Haguinet, Cynthia Schuck-Paim, Roger Lustig, Vivek Shinde
BACKGROUND: Estimates of influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) burden must be periodically updated to inform public health strategies. We estimated seasonal influenza- and RSV-attributable hospitalizations in the US from 1997 to 2009 according to age and risk status (NCT01599390). METHODS: Multiple linear regression modelling was used to attribute hospitalizations to influenza or RSV using virological surveillance and hospitalization data. Hospitalization data were obtained from the US Nationwide Inpatient Sample and virology data were obtained from FluView (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320356/association-between-v%C3%AC-o2max-handgrip-strength-and-musculoskeletal-pain-among-construction-and-health-care-workers
#6
Lene Lehmann Moberg, Lars-Kristian Lunde, Markus Koch, Anne Therese Tveter, Kaj Bo Veiersted
BACKGROUND: Construction and health care workers have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, and they are assumed to have physically demanding jobs. Profession- and gender-specific associations between individual capacity and musculoskeletal pain have not been sufficiently investigated. The main aim of this study was to examine the association between individual capacity (maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max) and handgrip strength) and musculoskeletal pain among construction and health care workers...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320351/the-prevalence-and-factors-associated-for-anti-tuberculosis-treatment-non-adherence-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-in-public-health-care-facilities-in-south-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Tadele Teshome Woimo, Wondwossen Kassahun Yimer, Temesgen Bati, Hailay Abrha Gesesew
BACKGROUND: Evidence exists pointing out how non-adherence to treatment remains a major hurdle to efficient tuberculosis control in developing countries. Many tuberculosis (Tb) patients do not complete their six-month course of anti-tuberculosis medications and are not aware of the importance of sputum re-examinations, thereby putting themselves at risk of developing multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis and relapse. However, there is a dearth of publications about non-adherence towards anti-Tb medication in these settings...
March 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320350/views-of-somali-women-and-men-on-the-use-of-faith-based-messages-promoting-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-for-somali-women-a-focus-group-study
#8
Rebekah Pratt, Sharif Mohamed, Wali Dirie, Nimo Ahmed, Michael VanKeulen, Huda Ahmed, Nancy Raymond, Kola Okuyemi
BACKGROUND: Screening rates for breast and cervical cancer for Muslim women in the United States are low, particularly for first-generation immigrants. Interpretations of the Muslim faith represent some of the barriers for breast and cervical cancer screening. Working to understand how faith influences breast and cervical screening for Somali women, and working with the community to identify and utilize faith-based assets for promoting screening, may lead to life-saving changes in screening behaviors...
March 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314383/erratum-to-depicted-serving-size-cereal-packaging-pictures-exaggerate-serving-sizes-and-promote-overserving
#9
Aner Tal, Stina Niemann, Brian Wansink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302095/perceptions-of-community-based-field-workers-on-the-effect-of-a-longitudinal-biomedical-research-project-on-their-sustainable-livelihoods
#10
Christabelle S Moyo, Joseph Francis, Pascal O Bessong
BACKGROUND: Researchers involved in biomedical community-based projects rarely seek the perspectives of community fieldworkers, who are the 'foot soldiers' in such projects. Understanding the effect of biomedical research on community-based field workers could identify benefits and shortfalls that may be crucial to the success of community-based studies. The present study explored the perceptions of community-based field workers on the effect of the Etiology, Risk Factors and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development Project" (MAL-ED) South Africa on their tangible and intangible capital which together comprise sustainable livelihoods...
March 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302101/preventing-diabetes-in-obese-latino-youth-with-prediabetes-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Erica G Soltero, Yolanda P Konopken, Micah L Olson, Colleen S Keller, Felipe G Castro, Allison N Williams, Donald L Patrick, Stephanie Ayers, Houchun H Hu, Matthew Sandoval, Janiel Pimentel, William C Knowler, Kevin D Frick, Gabriel Q Shaibi
BACKGROUND: Obese Latino adolescents are disproportionately impacted by insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is an intermediate stage in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and represents a critical opportunity for intervention. However, to date, no diabetes prevention studies have been conducted in obese Latino youth with prediabetes, a highly vulnerable and underserved group. Therefore, we propose a randomized-controlled trial to test the short-term (6-month) and long-term (12-month) efficacy of a culturally-grounded, lifestyle intervention, as compared to usual care, for improving glucose tolerance and reducing diabetes risk in 120 obese Latino adolescents with prediabetes...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302099/monthly-food-insecurity-assessment-in-rural-mkushi-district-zambia-a-longitudinal-analysis
#12
Muzi Na, Bess L Caswell, Sameera A Talegawkar, Amanda Palmer
BACKGROUND: Perception-based scales are widely used for household food insecurity (HFI) assessment but were only recently added in national surveys. The frequency of assessments needed to characterize dynamics in HFI over time is largely unknown. The study aims to examine longitudinal changes in monthly reported HFI at both population- and household-level. METHODS: A total of 157 households in rural Mkushi District whose children were enrolled in the non-intervened arm of an efficacy trial of biofortified maize were included in the analysis...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302096/mathematical-analysis-of-a-lymphatic-filariasis-model-with-quarantine-and-treatment
#13
Peter M Mwamtobe, Simphiwe M Simelane, Shirley Abelman, Jean M Tchuenche
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis is a globally neglected tropical parasitic disease which affects individuals of all ages and leads to an altered lymphatic system and abnormal enlargement of body parts. METHODS: A mathematical model of lymphatic filariaris with intervention strategies is developed and analyzed. Control of infections is analyzed within the model through medical treatment of infected-acute individuals and quarantine of infected-chronic individuals...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302094/the-economic-burden-of-adult-asthma-in-cyprus-a-prevalence-based-cost-of-illness-study
#14
Savvas Zannetos, Theodora Zachariadou, Andreas Zachariades, Andreas Georgiou, Michael A Talias
BACKGROUND: Asthma is one of the main non-infectious diseases of the respiratory system with substantial economic burden worldwide. The objective of this study was to estimate the economic burden of adult asthma in Cyprus during 2015. METHODS: A retrospective probabilistic prevalence-based cost of illness model was developed to calculate the economic burden of asthma including direct and indirect costs. The bottom-up approach (person-based data) was used for the calculation of direct costs while for the calculation of indirect costs the approach of human capital was employed...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302093/determination-of-the-predictive-factors-of-long-lasting-insecticide-treated-net-ownership-and-utilisation-in-the-bamenda-health-district-of-cameroon
#15
Eric B Fokam, Germaine F Kindzeka, Leonard Ngimuh, Kevin T J Dzi, Samuel Wanji
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a serious health concern in Africa. In Cameroon, an endemic country where malaria remains a major public health problem, several control measures have been put in place among which the use of insecticide-treated bednets (LLINs/ITNs) is considered one of the core vector control strategies. However, the greatest challenges include ownership and utilisation by individuals and households. Factors such as age, marital status, gender, education and occupation of the household head, household size, knowledge of bednets, socioeconomic status, and environmental factors have been suggested to have an impact on bednet ownership and utilisation in different settings...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302088/a-systematic-review-including-meta-analysis-of-work-environment-and-burnout-symptoms
#16
Gunnar Aronsson, Töres Theorell, Tom Grape, Anne Hammarström, Christer Hogstedt, Ina Marteinsdottir, Ingmar Skoog, Lil Träskman-Bendz, Charlotte Hall
BACKGROUND: Practitioners and decision makers in the medical and insurance systems need knowledge on the relationship between work exposures and burnout. Many burnout studies - original as well as reviews - restricted their analyses to emotional exhaustion or did not report results on cynicism, personal accomplishment or global burnout. To meet this need we carried out this review and meta-analyses with the aim to provide systematically graded evidence for associations between working conditions and near-future development of burnout symptoms...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302087/knowledge-and-attitudes-about-vitamin-d-and-behaviors-related-to-vitamin-d-in-adults-with-and-without-coronary-heart-disease-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Najlaa M Aljefree, Patricia Lee, Faruk Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is prevailing in Saudi Arabia. Recent national data indicated an inverse association between vitamin D status and coronary heart disease (CHD), which increases concerns about vitamin D deficiency as a serious public health problem. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate whether knowledge, attitudes and behaviors related to vitamin D contribute to the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among adults with and without CHD in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This case-control study consisted of 130 CHD cases and 195 matched controls...
March 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298184/a-pilot-and-feasibility-study-to-assess-children-s-consumption-in-quick-service-restaurants-using-plate-waste-methodology
#18
Juliana F W Cohen, Susan B Roberts, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Madeleine M G Gamache, Vanessa M Lynskey, Emilia Matthews, Megan P Mueller, Shanti Sharma, Christina D Economos
BACKGROUND: Children regularly consume foods from quick-service restaurants (QSR), but little is known about the foods that children order, the calories and nutrients consumed, the accuracy of stated calorie information, or the ability to assess food orders and consumption in QSRs. This study evaluated the feasibility of plate waste collection in QSRs and examined children's orders and consumption of meals from the standard and children's menus. Additional aims were to examine if the meals ordered met healthier standards for children's menu items and determine the accuracy of the QSR-stated energy content of foods...
March 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292282/metabolic-risk-management-physical-exercise-and-lifestyle-counselling-in-low-active-adults-controlled-randomized-trial-bellugat
#19
Assumpta Ensenyat, Gemma Espigares-Tribo, Leonardo Machado, Francisco José Verdejo, Rosa Rodriguez-Arregui, José Serrano, Marta Miret, Gisela Galindo, Alfonso Blanco, Josep-Ramon Marsal, Susana Sarriegui, Xenia Sinfreu-Bergues, Noemi Serra-Paya
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of different doses (intensity) of supervised exercise training - concomitant with lifestyle counselling - as a primary care intervention tool for the management of metabolic syndrome risk factors in low-active adults with one or more such factors (programme name in Catalan: Bellugat de CAP a peus). METHODS/DESIGN: Three-arm, randomized controlled clinical trial implemented in the primary care setting, with a duration of 40 weeks (16 weeks intervention and 24-week follow-up)...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292281/skipping-breakfast-is-detrimental-for-primary-school-children-cross-sectional-analysis-of-determinants-for-targeted-prevention
#20
Dorothea Kesztyüs, Meike Traub, Romy Lauer, Tibor Kesztyüs, Jürgen Michael Steinacker
BACKGROUND: Skipping breakfast was found to be associated with abdominal obesity in primary school children. The aim of this research was to examine factors associated with skipping breakfast in primary school children in order to develop targeted preventive measures. METHODS: Baseline data assessment (2010) of a cluster-randomized controlled trial for the evaluation of a school-based health promotion program in primary school children in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
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