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BMC Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30442115/illness-beliefs-about-depression-among-patients-seeking-depression-care-and-patients-seeking-cardiac-care-an-exploratory-analysis-using-a-mixed-method-design
#1
Julia Luise Magaard, Bernd Löwe, Anna Levke Brütt, Sebastian Kohlmann
BACKGROUND: Treatment of depression in cardiac patients is difficult. Patients' illness beliefs regarding depression are associated with outcomes. The aim of the mixed-methods study was to test whether patients in routine care for depression differ from patients with depression in routine care for cardiac diseases regarding illness beliefs about depression. METHODS: A consecutive sample of n = 217 patients with depressive disorder was recruited from routine care for depression (N = 148) and routine care for cardiac diseases (N = 69)...
November 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30428862/effectiveness-of-aripiprazole-once-monthly-in-schizophrenia-patients-pretreated-with-oral-aripiprazole-a-6-month-real-life-non-interventional-study
#2
Daniel Schöttle, Wolfgang Janetzky, Daniel Luedecke, Elmar Beck, Christoph U Correll, Klaus Wiedemann
BACKGROUND: In this study, the treatment of schizophrenia patients with aripiprazole once-monthly (AOM) was evaluated under real-life conditions in a naturalistic setting. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective, non-interventional study included 242 patients (age = 43.1 ± 15.1 years, 55.0% male) who were monitored during 6 months of AOM treatment. Endpoints included measurements of psychopathology (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, BPRS) and severity of illness scales (Clinical Global Impressions-Severity, CGI-S, and -Improvement, CGI-I)...
November 14, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30424750/prevalence-of-orthorexia-nervosa-in-university-students-and-its-relationship-with-psychopathological-aspects-of-eating-behaviour-disorders
#3
María-Laura Parra-Fernández, Teresa Rodríguez-Cano, María-Dolores Onieva-Zafra, María José Perez-Haro, Víctor Casero-Alonso, Elia Fernández-Martinez, Blanca Notario-Pacheco
INTRODUCTION: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is characterized by an obsession with healthy eating, which may lead to severe physical, psychological and social disorders. It is particularly important to research this problem in populations that do not receive clinical care in order to improve early detection and treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to research the prevalence of ON in a population of Spanish university students and to analyze the possible associations between ON and psychological traits and behaviors that are common to ED...
November 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30419894/health-care-utilization-and-cost-after-discharge-from-a-mental-health-hospital-an-rct-comparing-community-residential-aftercare-and-treatment-as-usual
#4
Eirik Roos, Ottar Bjerkeset, Aslak Steinsbekk
BACKGROUND: Community residential aftercare (step-down) services can ease the transition after a mental health hospital stay for patients with severe mental illness (SMI). AIMS: To investigate use of community and specialised mental health care services and costs in patients with SMI the first 12 months after discharge from a mental health hospital (MHH), comparing community residential aftercare (CRA) and treatment as usual. METHODS: An open parallel group randomised controlled trial with 41 participants...
November 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30419878/diagnosis-of-somatoform-disorders-in-primary-care-diagnostic-agreement-predictors-and-comaprisons-with-depression-and-anxiety
#5
Katharina Piontek, Meike C Shedden-Mora, Maria Gladigau, Amina Kuby, Bernd Löwe
BACKGROUND: To investigate (a) the diagnostic agreement between diagnoses of somatoform disorders, depressive and anxiety disorders obtained from a structured clinical interview and diagnoses reported from primary care physicians (PCPs) and (b) to identify patient and PCP-related predictors for the diagnostic agreement regarding the presence of a somatoform disorder. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional study comprising 112 primary care patients at high risk for somatoform disorders were analyzed...
November 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30419875/identifying-the-most-suitable-treatment-for-depression-based-on-patients-attachment-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-supportive-expressive-vs-supportive-treatments
#6
Sigal Zilcha-Mano, Tohar Dolev, Liat Leibovich, Jacques P Barber
BACKGROUND: In the absence of one intervention that can cure all patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), the leading cause of disability worldwide, increased attention has been focused on selecting the best treatment based on patient characteristics. Theory-driven hypotheses for selecting the best treatments have not yet been adequately investigated. The present study tested the a priory hypothesis that attachment orientations may determine whether patients benefit more from a treatment where alliance provides a facilitative environment for the treatment to work, as in the case of supportive-expressive psychotherapy, vs...
November 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413152/suicidal-ideations-and-coping-strategies-of-mothers-living-with-physical-disabilities-a-qualitative-exploratory-study-in-ghana
#7
Angela Kwartemaa Acheampong, Lydia Aziato
BACKGROUND: Suicide is higher among adults with disabilities compared to their counterparts without disabilities and suicide is mostly preceded with suicidal ideations. For each successful suicide, there could be many ideations and attempts. Limited scientific data exist on the issue of mothers with disabilities and suicidal ideations. Therefore, this study explored suicidal ideations and coping strategies of mothers living with physical disabilities in Ghana. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive exploratory design was used and data was collected through individualized in-depth interviews...
November 9, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409201/impact-of-seasons-on-stroke-related-depression-mediated-by-vitamin-d-status
#8
Yingying Gu, Xiaoqian Luan, Wenwei Ren, Lin Zhu, Jincai He
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the seasonal variation of depression prevalence among stroke patients at 1 month and to explore whether vitamin D plays a role in the association between seasons and post-stroke depression (PSD). METHODS: Data were collected from 402 acute stroke patients. Seasons were stratified by summertime (June to November) and wintertime (December to May) based on vitamin D status. The impact of seasons on PSD was assessed via binary logistic regression, with summertime considered the referent category...
November 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30400846/direct-and-moderating-effects-of-personality-on-stigma-towards-mental-illness
#9
Qi Yuan, Esmond Seow, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Hui Lin Ong, Ellaisha Samari, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: While many studies have explored the concept and correlates of stigma towards individuals with mental illness, few have investigated the role of personality in this process. In the current study, we firstly examined the relationship between personality and stigma towards mental illness; and then explored the moderating effects of personality traits on the relationship between contact experience/s and stigma. METHODS: Participants were recruited from public medical (N = 502) and nursing schools (N = 500) from April to September 2016 in Singapore for this cross-sectional survey, and they were randomly assigned to a vignette describing one of the following mental disorders: major depressive disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, alcohol abuse, schizophrenia, and dementia...
November 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30400843/depression-and-glycaemic-control-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-tertiary-healthcare-facility-in-ghana
#10
Josephine Akpalu, Ernest Yorke, Joana Ainuson-Quampah, Williams Balogun, Kwame Yeboah
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and depression are both chronic debilitating conditions, and their coexistence has been associated with adverse outcomes. In this study, we investigated the association between glycaemic control and depression in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients attending a tertiary healthcare facility in Ghana. METHODOLOGY: In a cross-sectional study design, Patient Health Questionnare-9 (PHQ-9) was used to assess depression in 400 T2DM, aged 30-65 years. Anthropometric characteristics and blood pressure were measured...
November 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384835/-suicide-rates-in-crete-greece-during-the-economic-crisis-the-effect-of-age-gender-unemployment-and-mental-health-service-provision
#11
Maria Basta, Alexandros Vgontzas, Anastasia Kastanaki, Manolis Michalodimitrakis, Katerina Kanaki, Katerina Koutra, Maria Anastasaki, Panagiotis Simos
BACKGROUND: Recently, suicides in Greece have drawn national and international interest due to the current economic crisis. According to published reports, suicides in Greece have increased up to 40% and Crete has been highlighted as an area with the sharpest increase. AIM: To investigate the suicide mortality rates in Crete between 1999 and 2013 and their association with the economic crisis. METHODS: Data on suicides were selected from the Department of Forensic Medicine files of the University of Crete...
November 1, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382865/dementia-severity-at-death-a-register-based-cohort-study
#12
Jesutofunmi Aworinde, Nomi Werbeloff, Gemma Lewis, Gill Livingston, Andrew Sommerlad
BACKGROUND: One third of older people are estimated to die with dementia, which is a principal cause of death in developed countries. While it is assumed that people die with severe dementia this is not based on evidence. METHODS: Cohort study using a large secondary mental healthcare database in North London, UK. We included people aged over 65 years, diagnosed with dementia between 2008 and 2016, who subsequently died. We estimated dementia severity using mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores, adjusting for the time between last score and death using the average annual MMSE decline in the cohort (1...
November 1, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376829/distraction-towards-contextual-alcohol-cues-and-craving-are-associated-with-levels-of-alcohol-use-among-youth
#13
Timo Lehmann Kvamme, Kristine Rømer Thomsen, Mette Buhl Callesen, Nuria Doñamayor, Mads Jensen, Mads Uffe Pedersen, Valerie Voon
BACKGROUND: Controlling drinking behaviour requires the ability to block out distracting alcohol cues in situations in which drinking is inappropriate or harmful. However, at present few studies have investigated whether distraction and response inhibition to contextual alcohol cues are related to alcohol use in adolescents and young adults. We aimed to investigate whether tendencies towards distraction and failures of response inhibition in the presence of contextual alcohol cues, and alcohol craving were associated with higher levels of alcohol consumption, beyond what could be explained by demographic variables...
October 30, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376824/barriers-and-facilitators-of-effective-health-education-targeting-people-with-mental-illness-a-theory-based-ethnographic-study
#14
N F Hempler, R A S Pals, L Pedersbæk, P DeCosta
BACKGROUND: Health education is particularly important for people with mental illness because they are at higher risk of becoming overweight or obese and developing type 2 diabetes than are members of the general population. However, little is known about how to provide health education activities that promote engagement and motivation among people with mental illness. METHODS: This study used ethnographic methods to examine barriers and facilitators of effective health education targeting people with mental illness by applying the concept of flow as a theoretical framework...
October 30, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30373564/application-of-the-icd-11-classification-of-personality-disorders
#15
Bo Bach, Michael B First
BACKGROUND: The ICD-11 classification of Personality Disorders focuses on core personality dysfunction, while allowing the practitioner to classify three levels of severity (Mild Personality Disorder, Moderate Personality Disorder, and Severe Personality Disorder) and the option of specifying one or more prominent trait domain qualifiers (Negative Affectivity, Detachment, Disinhibition, Dissociality, and Anankastia). Additionally, the practitioner is also allowed to specify a Borderline Pattern qualifier...
October 29, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30373550/persistent-catatonia-following-epileptic-seizures-a-case-report-and-systematic-literature-search
#16
Ragnar Verbraeken, Jurjen J Luykx
BACKGROUND: Catatonia is frequently associated with mood and psychotic disorders as well as with general medical conditions, especially with seizures. In the case of the latter, catatonia mostly resolves when the seizures respond to the anticonvulsive treatment. We report, to our knowledge, the first case of a patient without affective or psychotic disorder, who developed catatonia in the postictum and whose catatonia did not resolve with anticonvulsive treatment, but did so with lorazepam...
October 29, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30373547/humanistic-outcomes-in-treatment-resistant-depression-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-star-d-study
#17
Allitia DiBernardo, Xiwu Lin, Qiaoyi Zhang, Jim Xiang, Lang Lu, Carol Jamieson, Carmela Benson, Kwan Lee, Robert Bodén, Lena Brandt, Philip Brenner, Johan Reutfors, Gang Li
BACKGROUND: In the Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D) study, a third of patients did not achieve remission or adequate response after two treatment trials, fulfilling requirements for treatment resistant depression (TRD). The present study is a secondary analysis of the STAR*D data conducted to compare the humanistic outcomes in patients with TRD and non-TRD MDD. METHODS: Patients with major depressive disorder who entered level 3 of the STAR*D were included in the TRD group, while patients who responded to treatment and entered follow-up from level 1 or 2 were included in the non-TRD group...
October 29, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367610/residential-green-space-quantity-and-quality-and-symptoms-of-psychological-distress-a-15-year-longitudinal-study-of-3897-women-in-postpartum
#18
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
BACKGROUND: Experiments and large-scale epidemiological studies indicate the importance of green space for mental health. However, little research has been conducted to elucidate whether these mental health benefits are more dependent upon the quantity or quality of the green space. METHODS: Symptoms of psychological distress were measured in 3897 women who did not change neighbourhood up to 15 years postpartum using the Kessler 6 psychological distress scale from 2004 onwards...
October 26, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367608/effectiveness-of-smartphone-based-ambulatory-assessment-sbaa-bd-including-a-predicting-system-for-upcoming-episodes-in-the-long-term-treatment-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-single-blind-trial
#19
Esther Mühlbauer, Michael Bauer, Ulrich Ebner-Priemer, Philipp Ritter, Holger Hill, Fabrice Beier, Nikolaus Kleindienst, Emanuel Severus
BACKGROUND: The detection of early warning signs is essential in the long-term treatment of bipolar disorders. However, in bipolar patients' daily life and outpatient treatment the assessment of upcoming state changes faces several difficulties. In this trial, we examine the effectiveness of a smartphone based automated feedback about ambulatory assessed early warning signs in prolonging states of euthymia and therefore preventing hospitalization. This study aims to assess, whether patients experience longer episodes of euthymia, when their treating psychiatrists receive automated feedback about changes in communication and activity...
October 26, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359248/collaborative-mental-health-care-program-versus-a-general-practitioner-program-and-usual-care-for-treatment-of-patients-with-mental-or-neurological-disorders-in-germany-protocol-of-a-multiperspective-evaluation-study
#20
Julia Luise Magaard, Sarah Liebherz, Hanne Melchior, Alexander Engels, Hans-Helmut König, Levente Kriston, Holger Schulz, Jeanette Jahed, Anna Levke Brütt, Katrin Christiane Reber, Martin Härter
BACKGROUND: German statutory health insurances are pursuing the goal of improving treatment of chronically ill people by promoting networks of health care providers and supporting treatments that reflect the current medical knowledge. The so-called PNP program is a collaborative care program developed by a German statutory health insurance, which defines specific rules on psychiatric, neurological, psychosomatic, and psychotherapeutic treatment. It aims to strengthen provision of guideline-based outpatient treatment and collaboration between different health care providers...
October 25, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
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