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BMC Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351784/predictors-of-quality-of-life-among-inpatients-in-forensic-mental-health-implications-for-occupational-therapists
#1
Padraic O' Flynn, Roisin O' Regan, Ken O' Reilly, Harry G Kennedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347983/experiences-of-an-internet-based-support-and-coaching-model-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-adhd-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#2
Helena Sehlin, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Gerhard Andersson, Elisabet Wentz
BACKGROUND: There is a great demand for non-medical treatment and support targeting the needs of adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There is also a lack of qualitative studies providing in-depth insight into these individuals' own experiences within this area. The current study aimed to explore how adolescents and young adults with ADHD, ASD or both experienced taking part in an internet-based support and coaching intervention...
January 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343240/attempted-suicide-of-ethnic-minority-girls-with-a-caribbean-and-cape-verdean-background-rates-and-risk-factors
#3
Diana D van Bergen, Merijn Eikelenboom, Petra P van de Looij-Jansen
BACKGROUND: WHO data shows that female immigrants in Europe attempt suicide at higher rates than 'native' women and 'native' and immigrant men. Empirical studies addressing attempted suicide of female immigrants of Caribbean (Antillean-Dutch and Creole-Surinamese-Dutch) as well as Cape Verdean descent in Europe are however scarce. We aim to increase knowledge about rates and risk factors of girls of Caribbean and Cape Verdean descent living in the Netherlands. METHODS: We conducted logistic regression on a dataset that consisted of self-reported health and well-being surveys filled out by 5611 female students, age 14-16, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands (Antillean Dutch N = 357, Creole-Surinamese-Dutch N = 130, and Cape Verdean-Dutch N = 402, and Dutch 'natives' N = 4691)...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343237/subtypes-in-clinical-burnout-patients-enrolled-in-an-employee-rehabilitation-program-differences-in-burnout-profiles-depression-and-recovery-resources-stress-balance
#4
Kathrin Bauernhofer, Daniela Bassa, Markus Canazei, Paulino Jiménez, Manuela Paechter, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss
BACKGROUND: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Yet, burnout subtypes based on burnout profiles have hardly been explored in clinical patients, and the samples investigated in previous studies were rather heterogeneous including patients with various physical, psychological, and social limitations, symptoms, and disabilities...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343230/the-sybil-aa-real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-study-protocol-of-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-in-alcohol-use-disorder
#5
Martin Fungisai Gerchen, Martina Kirsch, Nathalie Bahs, Patrick Halli, Sarah Gerhardt, Axel Schäfer, Wolfgang H Sommer, Falk Kiefer, Peter Kirsch
BACKGROUND: Alcohol Use Disorder is a highly prevalent mental disorder which puts a severe burden on individuals, families, and society. The treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder is challenging and novel and innovative treatment approaches are needed to expand treatment options. A promising neuroscience-based intervention method that allows targeting cortical as well as subcortical brain processes is real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback. However, the efficacy of this technique as an add-on treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder in a clinical setting is hitherto unclear and will be assessed in the Systems Biology of Alcohol Addiction (SyBil-AA) neurofeedback study...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343228/problematic-internet-use-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-in-a-population-of-japanese-adult-psychiatric-patients
#6
Hille T de Vries, Takashi Nakamae, Kenji Fukui, Damiaan Denys, Jin Narumoto
BACKGROUND: Many studies reported the high prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) among adolescents (13-50%), and PIU was associated with various psychiatric symptoms. In contrast, only a few studies investigated the prevalence among the adult population (6%). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of PIU and psychiatric co-morbidity among adult psychiatric patients. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-three adult psychiatric patients were recruited over a 3-month period...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343227/associations-among-maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-gestational-weight-gain-and-risk-of-autism-in-the-han-chinese-population
#7
Yidong Shen, Huixi Dong, Xiaozi Lu, Nan Lian, Guanglei Xun, Lijuan Shi, Lu Xiao, Jingping Zhao, Jianjun Ou
BACKGROUND: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with an unclear etiology. Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) have been suggested to play a role in the etiology of autism. The current study explores the associations among maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, GWG and the risk of autism in the Han Chinese population. METHODS: Demographic information, a basic medical history and information regarding maternal pre-pregnancy and pregnancy conditions were collected from the parents of 705 Han Chinese children with autism and 2236 unrelated typically developing children...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343226/binge-eating-disorder-and-depressive-symptoms-among-females-of-child-bearing-age-the-korea-nurses-health-study
#8
O Kim, M S Kim, J Kim, J E Lee, H Jung
BACKGROUND: Most studies regarding the relationship between binge eating disorder (BED) and depression have targeted obese populations. However, nurses, particularly female nurses, are one of the vocations that face these issues due to various reasons including high stress and shift work. This study investigated the prevalence of BED and the correlation between BED and severity of self-reported depressive symptoms among female nurses in South Korea. METHODS: Participants were 7,267 female nurses, of which 502 had symptoms of BED...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334921/a-pilot-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-adjunct-brief-social-network-intervention-in-opiate-substitution-treatment-services
#9
Ed Day, Alex Copello, Jennifer L Seddon, Marilyn Christie, Deborah Bamber, Charlotte Powell, Carmel Bennett, Shabana Akhtar, Sanju George, Andrew Ball, Emma Frew, Ilias Goranitis, Nick Freemantle
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3% of people receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST) in the UK manage to achieve abstinence from prescribed and illicit drugs within three years of commencing treatment. Involvement of families and wider social networks in supporting psychological treatment may be an effective strategy in facilitating recovery, and this pilot study aimed to evaluate the impact of a social network-focused intervention for patients receiving OST. METHODS: A two-site, open feasibility trial randomised patients receiving OST for at least 12 months but still reporting illicit opiate use in the past 28 days to one of three treatments: 1) treatment as usual (TAU), 2) Brief Social Behaviour and Network Therapy (B-SBNT) + TAU, or 3) Personal Goal Setting (PGS) + TAU...
January 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334911/hypocholesterolemia-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-depression-disorder-and-suicide-attempt-in-northern-mexican-population
#10
Marcela Segoviano-Mendoza, Manuel Cárdenas-de la Cruz, José Salas-Pacheco, Fernando Vázquez-Alaniz, Osmel La Llave-León, Francisco Castellanos-Juárez, Jazmín Méndez-Hernández, Marcelo Barraza-Salas, Ernesto Miranda-Morales, Oscar Arias-Carrión, Edna Méndez-Hernández
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol has been associated as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Recently, however, there is growing evidence about crucial requirement of neuron membrane cholesterol in the organization and function of the 5-HT1A serotonin receptor. For this, low cholesterol level has been reported to be associated with depression and suicidality. However there have been inconsistent reports about this finding and the exact relationship between these factors remains controversial...
January 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320999/gender-differences-in-mental-health-problems-among-adolescents-and-the-role-of-social-support-results-from-the-belgian-health-interview-surveys-2008-and-2013
#11
Filip Van Droogenbroeck, Bram Spruyt, Gil Keppens
BACKGROUND: To investigate how social support relates to mental health problems for Belgian late adolescents and young adults 15-25 years of age. Additionally, we examine changes in mental health problems between 2008 and 2013 and investigate gender differences. METHODS: Multivariate analysis of variance was used to investigate (1) psychological distress, (2) anxiety and (3) depression among 713 boys and 720 girls taken from two successive waves (2008 and 2013) of a representative sample of the Belgian population (Belgian Health Interview survey)...
January 10, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310624/adhd-medication-in-offspring-of-immigrants-does-the-income-level-of-the-country-of-parental-origin-matter
#12
Arzu Arat, Viveca Östberg, Bo Burström, Anders Hjern
BACKGROUND: Child psychiatric treatment facilities vary greatly worldwide and are virtually non-existent in many low-income countries. One of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood is ADHD, with an estimated prevalence of 3-5% in Sweden. Previous studies have shown a similar prevalence of ADHD in minority and majority children in Sweden and the UK. However, clinical studies demonstrated that children from immigrant families living in Sweden received less psychiatric care than those of native-born parents...
January 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310622/entrapment-as-a-mediator-of-suicide-crises
#13
Shuang Li, Zimri S Yaseen, Hae-Joon Kim, Jessica Briggs, Molly Duffy, Anna Frechette-Hagan, Lisa J Cohen, Igor I Galynker
BACKGROUND: Prior research has validated the construct of a suicide crisis syndrome (SCS), a specific psychological state that precedes and may precipitate suicidal behavior. The feeling of entrapment is a central concept of the SCS as well as of several other recent models of suicide. However, its exact relationship with suicidality is not fully understood. In efforts to clarify the exact role of entrapment in the suicidal process, we have examined if entrapment mediates the relationship of other components of the SCS, including ruminative flooding, panic-dissociation, fear of dying and emotional pain, with suicidal ideation (SI) in recently hospitalized psychiatric inpatients...
January 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310620/does-presence-of-metabolic-syndrome-impact-anxiety-and-depressive-disorder-screening-results-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-individuals-a-population-based-study
#14
Jurate Butnoriene, Vesta Steibliene, Ausra Saudargiene, Adomas Bunevicius
BACKGROUND: Depressive and anxiety disorders are common in primary care setting but often remain undiagnosed. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is also prevalent in the general population and can impair recognition of common mental disorders due to significant co-morbidity and overlap with psychiatric symptoms included in self-reported depression/anxiety screening tools. We investigated if MetS has an impact on the accuracy of current major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) screening results using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS)...
January 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304845/testing-decision-making-competency-of-schizophrenia-participants-in-clinical-trials-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#15
Sorin Hostiuc, Mugurel Constantin Rusu, Ionut Negoi, Eduard Drima
BACKGROUND: The process of assessing the decision-making capacity of potential subjects before their inclusion in clinical trials is a legal requirement and a moral obligation, as it is essential for respecting their autonomy. This issue is especially important in psychiatry patients (such as those diagnosed with schizophrenia). The primary purpose of this article was to evaluate the degree of impairment in each dimension of decision-making capacity in schizophrenia patients compared to non-mentally-ill controls, as quantified by the (MacCAT-CR) instrument...
January 5, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304757/attentional-bias-modification-in-reducing-test-anxiety-vulnerability-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Wenpeng Cai, Yu Pan, Huangyangzi Chai, Yi Cui, Jin Yan, Wei Dong, Guanghui Deng
BACKGROUND: A tendency to selectively process a threat to positive information may be involved in the etiology of anxiety disorders. The aim of this study is to examine whether attentional bias modification (ABM) can be used to modify high test-anxiety individuals' attention to emotional information and whether this change is related to anxiety vulnerability. METHODS: Seventy-seven undergraduates were included: 28 individuals received a 5-day modified dot probe task as ABM training, 29 individuals received a 5-day classic dot probe task as placebo, and 20 individuals did not receive an intervention between the two test sections...
January 5, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284448/economic-evaluation-of-an-experience-sampling-method-intervention-in-depression-compared-with-treatment-as-usual-using-data-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Claudia J P Simons, Marjan Drukker, Silvia Evers, Ghislaine A P G van Mastrigt, Petra Höhn, Ingrid Kramer, Frenk Peeters, Philippe Delespaul, Claudia Menne-Lothmann, Jessica A Hartmann, Jim van Os, Marieke Wichers
BACKGROUND: Experience sampling, a method for real-time self-monitoring of affective experiences, holds opportunities for person-tailored treatment. By focussing on dynamic patterns of positive affect, experience sampling method interventions (ESM-I) accommodate strategies to enhance personalized treatment of depression-at potentially low-costs. This study aimed to investigate the cost-effectiveness of an experience sampling method intervention in patients with depression, from a societal perspective...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284443/readiness-to-change-and-therapy-outcomes-of-an-innovative-psychotherapy-program-for-surgical-patients-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Henning Krampe, Anna-Lena Salz, Léonie F Kerper, Alexander Krannich, Tatjana Schnell, Klaus-Dieter Wernecke, Claudia D Spies
BACKGROUND: Readiness to change is a pivotal construct for psychotherapy research and a major target of motivational interventions. Our primary objective was to examine whether pre-treatment readiness to change moderated therapy effects of Bridging Intervention in Anesthesiology (BRIA), an innovative psychotherapy approach for surgical patients. This stepped care program aims at motivating and supporting surgical patients with mental disorders to engage in psychosocial mental health care...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284436/health-care-use-drug-treatment-and-comorbidity-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-or-non-affective-psychosis-in-sweden-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Erica M Brostedt, Mussie Msghina, Marie Persson, Björn Wettermark
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the prevalence of schizophrenia (ICD-10 F 20) and of other non-affective psychosis (NAP, ICD-10 F 21 - F 29) in Sweden. It further assessed health care use, comorbidity and medication for these patient groups. Most studies either have a study population of patients with strictly defined schizophrenia or a psychosis population of which strict schizophrenia cases form a smaller set. The present study permits comparison of the two mutually exclusive patient groups using data at the individual level in the diagnosis of non-affective psychosis, use of health care, medical treatment and comorbidity by diagnosis or medical treatment...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284431/the-health-and-wellbeing-needs-of-veterans-a-rapid-review
#20
Candice Oster, Andrea Morello, Anthony Venning, Paula Redpath, Sharon Lawn
BACKGROUND: For the majority of serving members, life in the military has a positive effect on wellbeing. However, the type, intensity and duration of service, along with the transition from fulltime military to civilian life, may have a negative effect on veterans' wellbeing. Such negative consequences, alongside the growing veteran population, indicate the need for greater exploration of veterans' physical, mental and social wellbeing. METHODS: The current paper reports on the findings of a rapid review of the literature on the health and wellbeing needs of veterans, commissioned by the Australian Department of Veterans' Affairs to inform future programs and services...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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