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BMC Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212630/relevance-of-a-subjective-quality-of-life-questionnaire-for-long-term-homeless-persons-with-schizophrenia
#1
V Girard, A Tinland, J P Bonin, F Olive, J Poule, C Lancon, T Apostolidis, M Rowe, T Greacen, M C Simeoni
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of programs are addressing the specific needs of homeless people with schizophrenia in terms of access to housing, healthcare, basic human rights and other domains. Although quality of life scales are being used to evaluate such programs, few instruments have been validated for people with schizophrenia and none for people with schizophrenia who experience major social problems such as homelessness. The aim of the present study was to validate the French version of the S-QoL a self-administered, subjective quality of life questionnaire specific to schizophrenia for people with schizophrenia who are homeless...
February 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202012/early-life-adversity-is-associated-with-a-smaller-hippocampus-in-male-but-not-female-depressed-in-patients-a-case-control-study
#2
Romain Colle, Tomoyuki Segawa, Marie Chupin, Minh Ngoc Thien Kim Tran Dong, Patrick Hardy, Bruno Falissard, Olivier Colliot, Denis Ducreux, Emmanuelle Corruble
BACKGROUND: Three studies assessed the association of early life adversity (ELA) and hippocampal volumes in depressed patients, of which one was negative and the two others did not control for several potential confounding variables. Since the association of ELA and hippocampal volumes differ in male and female healthy volunteers, we investigated the association of ELA and hippocampal volumes in depressed patients, while focusing specifically on sex and controlling for several relevant socio-demographic and clinical variables...
February 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196529/prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Lijuan Zhang, Ting Fu, Rulan Yin, Qiuxiang Zhang, Biyu Shen
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are at high risk for depression and anxiety. However, the estimated prevalence of these disorders varies substantially between studies. This systematic review aimed to establish pooled prevalence levels of depression and anxiety among adult SLE patients. METHODS: We systematically reviewed databases including PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane database library from their inception to August 2016. Studies presenting data on depression and/or anxiety in adult SLE patients and having a sample size of at least 60 patients were included...
February 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193197/qualitative-process-evaluation-of-a-psycho-educational-intervention-targeted-at-people-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-and-their-primary-caregivers-in-jordan
#4
Abd Al-HadiHasan, Patrick Callaghan, Joanne S Lymn
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a serious form of mental illness that often requires long term care. Empirical findings indicate that combining a psycho-educational intervention (PEI) with neuroleptic medication to treat schizophrenia is effective. However, there is little information on the therapeutic mechanism of PEIs. METHODS: A qualitative process evaluation was conducted with a purposive sample of people diagnosed with schizophrenia (PDwS, n = 8) and their Primary Caregivers (PCs, n = 9) who had received PEI as a part of an exploratory randomized controlled trial...
February 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193195/assessing-the-burden-of-treatment-emergent-adverse-events-associated-with-atypical-antipsychotic-medications
#5
Pierre-Michel Llorca, Christophe Lançon, Ann Hartry, T Michelle Brown, Dana B DiBenedetti, Siddhesh A Kamat, Clément François
BACKGROUND: Treatment of schizophrenia and major depressive disorder (MDD) with atypical antipsychotics (AAPs) show improved efficacy and reduced side effect burden compared with older antipsychotic medications. However, a risk of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) remains. TEAEs are hard to quantify and perspectives on the importance of TEAEs differ across patients and between patients and physicians. The current study is a qualitative assessment that investigates TEAEs of AAPs from both patient and physician perspectives to provide better understanding of the occurrence and burden of TEAEs associated with these medications...
February 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193192/taking-care-of-oneself-by-regaining-control-a-key-to-continue-living-four-to-five-decades-after-a-suicide-attempt-in-severe-depression
#6
Lisa Crona, Margaretha Stenmarker, Agneta Öjehagen, Ulrika Hallberg, Louise Brådvik
BACKGROUND: Depression is a strong risk factor for suicide and suicide attempt. Several studies have examined the pathway to suicide attempt, but few studies have considered aspects important for overcoming being suicidal. The aim of the present study was to examine personal strategies to continue living after a suicide attempt. METHODS: A qualitative grounded theory approach was used. Thirteen former inpatients diagnosed with severe depression (1956-1969) participated in a follow-up 42-56 years after their last suicide attempt, which occurred between the ages of 21 and 45...
February 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183293/using-video-annotation-software-to-identify-interactions-in-group-therapies-for-schizophrenia-assessing-reliability-and-associations-with-outcomes
#7
Stavros Orfanos, Syeda Ferhana Akther, Muhammad Abdul-Basit, Rosemarie McCabe, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that interactions in group therapies for people with schizophrenia are associated with a reduction in negative symptoms. However, it is unclear which specific interactions in groups are linked with these improvements. The aims of this exploratory study were to i) develop and test the reliability of using video-annotation software to measure interactions in group therapies in schizophrenia and ii) explore the relationship between interactions in group therapies for schizophrenia with clinically relevant changes in negative symptoms...
February 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183286/register-based-study-of-the-incidence-comorbidities-and-demographics-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-specialist-healthcare
#8
Hanna Rintala, Roshan Chudal, Sami Leppämäki, Susanna Leivonen, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Andre Sourander
BACKGROUND: Incidence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been suspected to increase but nationwide epidemiological studies are limited. This study aims to examine sex-specific incidence time trends and characterize psychiatric and neurodevelopmental comorbidities and sociodemographic risk factors of OCD in specialist healthcare in Finland. METHODS: A nationwide register-based study using data from four Finnish registers identified 3372 OCD cases and 13,372 matched controls (1:4)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183284/study-of-user-experience-of-an-objective-test-qbtest-to-aid-adhd-assessment-and-medication-management-a-multi-methods-approach
#9
Charlotte L Hall, Althea Z Valentine, Gemma M Walker, Harriet M Ball, Heather Cogger, David Daley, Madeleine J Groom, Kapil Sayal, Chris Hollis
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis and monitoring of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) typically relies on subjective reports and observations. Objective continuous performance tests (CPTs) have been incorporated into some services to support clinical decision making. However, the feasibility and acceptability of adding such a test into routine practice is unknown. The study aimed to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of adding an objective computerised test to the routine assessment and monitoring of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183281/assessing-the-risk-for-suicide-in-schizophrenia-according-to-migration-ethnicity-and-geographical-ancestry
#10
Nuwan C Hettige, Ali Bani-Fatemi, James L Kennedy, Vincenzo De Luca
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of mortality among those afflicted by schizophrenia. Previous studies demonstrated that the stressors associated with immigration may lead to an onset of schizophrenia and suicide separately in susceptible individuals. However, no studies have shown whether immigration may lead to suicidal behaviour for individuals with schizophrenia. Our study proposes that an individual's geographical ancestry, ethnicity or migration status may be predictive of suicide risk in schizophrenia...
February 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178977/diagnostic-performance-and-optimal-cut-off-scores-of-the-massachusetts-youth-screening-instrument-second-version-in-a-sample-of-swiss-youths-in-welfare-and-juvenile-justice-institutions
#11
Claudia Dölitzsch, Laura E W Leenarts, Klaus Schmeck, Jorg M Fegert, Thomas Grisso, Marc Schmid
BACKGROUND: There is a growing consensus about the importance of mental health screening of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version (MAYSI-2) was specifically designed, normed and validated to assist juvenile justice facilities in the United States of America (USA), in identifying youths with potential emotional or behavioral problems. However, it is not known if the USA norm-based cut-off scores can be used in Switzerland...
February 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178974/antidepressant-prescribing-in-the-precision-medicine-era-a-prescriber-s-primer-on-pharmacogenetic-tools
#12
REVIEW
Chad A Bousman, Malcolm Forbes, Mahesh Jayaram, Harris Eyre, Charles F Reynolds, Michael Berk, Malcolm Hopwood, Chee Ng
About half of people who take antidepressants do not respond and many experience adverse effects. These detrimental outcomes are in part a result of the impact of an individual's genetic profile on pharmacokinetics and pharmcodynamics. If known and made available to clinicians, this could improve decision-making and antidepressant therapy outcomes. This has spurred the development of numerous pharmacogenetic-based decision support tools. In this article, we provide an overview of pharmacogenetic decision support tools, with particular focus on tools relevant to antidepressants...
February 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178950/risk-factors-of-the-stigma-towards-psychiatric-patients-among-primary-healthcare-workers-in-china-a-county-study
#13
Yang Wang, Xiaohua Wang, Weijun Zhang, Xiaoyun Liang, Donghua Tian, Zhiyong Qu
BACKGROUND: Attitude towards psychiatric patients among healthcare workers has an impact on quality of medical care and rehabilitation of patients. In China, primary healthcare workers play an important role in mental health care, but little is known about the attitude of them towards psychiatric patients. This study aims to examine the risk factors associated with stigma among primary healthcare workers in West China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study randomly recruited 395 primary healthcare workers in Mianzhu County, China...
February 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178949/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-versus-placebo-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#14
Janus Christian Jakobsen, Kiran Kumar Katakam, Anne Schou, Signe Gade Hellmuth, Sandra Elkjær Stallknecht, Katja Leth-Møller, Maria Iversen, Marianne Bjørnø Banke, Iggiannguaq Juhl Petersen, Sarah Louise Klingenberg, Jesper Krogh, Sebastian Elgaard Ebert, Anne Timm, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: The evidence on selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for major depressive disorder is unclear. METHODS: Our objective was to conduct a systematic review assessing the effects of SSRIs versus placebo, 'active' placebo, or no intervention in adult participants with major depressive disorder. We searched for eligible randomised clinical trials in The Cochrane Library's CENTRAL, PubMed, EMBASE, PsycLIT, PsycINFO, Science Citation Index Expanded, clinical trial registers of Europe and USA, websites of pharmaceutical companies, the U...
February 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178943/depression-in-sardinian-immigrants-in-argentina-and-residents-in-sardinia-at-the-time-of-the-argentinian-default-2001-and-the-great-recession-in-italy-2015
#15
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Michela Atzeni, Silvia D'Oca, Alessandra Perra, Ernesto D'Aloja, Maria Veronica Brasesco, Maria Francesca Moro, Luigi Minerba, Federica Sancassiani, Daniela Moro, Gustavo Mausel, Dinesh Bhugra
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to measure in two samples of Sardinian immigrants in Buenos Aires and representatives of the population in Sardinia the prevalence of depressive symptoms at the time of an economic crisis in Sardinia and to compare these results with those collected at the time of a similar crisis in Argentina more than 10 years before. METHODS: Observational study. The associations of Sardinian immigrants in Buenos Aires provided the lists of families of Sardinian origin...
February 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173847/burden-and-presentation-of-depression-among-newly-diagnosed-individuals-with-tb-in-primary-care-settings-in-ethiopia
#16
Fentie Ambaw, Rosie Mayston, Charlotte Hanlon, Atalay Alem
BACKGROUND: Understanding co-morbidity of depression and tuberculosis (TB) has been limited by challenges in measurement of depression due to overlapping symptoms, use of small hospital samples and uncontrolled analysis. This study was conducted to better understand the burden and presentation of depression, and associated factors in people with TB in primary care settings in Ethiopia. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 657 people newly diagnosed with TB...
February 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173823/effectiveness-of-a-clinical-practice-change-intervention-in-increasing-the-provision-of-nicotine-dependence-treatment-in-inpatient-psychiatric-facilities-an-implementation-trial
#17
Paula M Wye, Emily A Stockings, Jenny A Bowman, Chris Oldmeadow, John H Wiggers
BACKGROUND: Despite clinical practice guidelines recommending the routine provision of nicotine dependence treatment to smokers in inpatient psychiatric facilities, the prevalence of such treatment provision is low. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a clinical practice change intervention in increasing clinician recorded provision of nicotine dependence treatment to patients in inpatient psychiatric facilities. METHODS: We undertook an interrupted time series analysis of nicotine dependence treatment provision before, during and after a clinical practice change intervention to increase clinician recorded provision of nicotine dependence treatment for all hospital discharges (aged >18 years, N = 4175) over a 19 month period in two inpatient adult psychiatric facilities in New South Wales, Australia...
February 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173780/protocol-for-the-encode-trial-evaluating-a-novel-online-depression-intervention-for-persons-with-epilepsy
#18
Björn Meyer, Mario Weiss, Martin Holtkamp, Stephan Arnold, Katja Brückner, Johanna Schröder, Franziska Scheibe, Yvonne Nestoriuc
BACKGROUND: Depression is common among persons with epilepsy (PwE), affecting roughly one in three individuals, and its presence is associated with personal suffering, impaired quality of life, and worse prognosis. Despite the availability of effective treatments, depression is often overlooked and treated inadequately in PwE, in part because of assumed concerns over drug interactions or proconvulsant effects of antidepressants. Internet-administered psychological interventions might complement antidepressant medication or psychotherapy, and preliminary evidence suggests that they can be effective...
February 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166760/can-cognitive-insight-predict-symptom-remission-in-a-first-episode-psychosis-cohort
#19
Jennifer A O'Connor, Lyn Ellett, Olesya Ajnakina, Tabea Schoeler, Anna Kollliakou, Antonella Trotta, Benjamin D Wiffen, Aurora M Falcone, Marta Di Forti, Robin M Murray, Sagnik Bhattacharyya, Anthony S David
BACKGROUND: The outcome of first episode psychosis (FEP) is highly variable and difficult to predict. Cognitive insight measured at illness onset has previously been found to predict psychopathology 12-months later. The aims of this study were to examine whether the prospective relationship between cognitive insight and symptom severity is evident at four-years following FEP and to examine some psychological correlates of cognitive insight. METHODS: FEP participants (n = 90) completed the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS) at illness onset, and associations between BCIS scores with symptom severity outcomes (4-years after FEP) were assessed...
February 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166757/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-shared-decision-making-for-first-admission-schizophrenia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Mio Ishii, Yasuyuki Okumura, Naoya Sugiyama, Hana Hasegawa, Toshie Noda, Yoshio Hirayasu, Hiroto Ito
BACKGROUND: The feasibility of shared decision making (SDM) for patients with schizophrenia remains controversial due to the assumed inability of patients to cooperate in treatment decision making. This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of SDM in patients upon first admission for schizophrenia. METHODS: This was a randomized, parallel-group, two-arm, open-label, single-center study conducted in an acute psychiatric ward of Numazu Chuo Hospital, Japan...
February 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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