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BMC Psychiatry

Jocelyn Fotso Soh, Susana G Torres-Platas, Serge Beaulieu, Outi Mantere, Robert Platt, Istvan Mucsi, Sybille Saury, Suzane Renaud, Andrea Levinson, Ana C Andreazza, Benoit H Mulsant, Daniel Müller, Ayal Schaffer, Annemiek Dols, Pablo Cervantes, Nancy Cp Low, Nathan Herrmann, Birgitte M Christensen, Francesco Trepiccione, Tarek Rajji, Soham Rej
BACKGROUND: Lithium is the gold-standard treatment for bipolar disorder, is highly effective in treating major depressive disorder, and has anti-suicidal properties. However, clinicians are increasingly avoiding lithium largely due to fears of renal toxicity. Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus (NDI) occurs in 15-20% of lithium users and predicts a 2-3 times increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We recently found that use of statins is associated with lower NDI risk in a cross-sectional study...
July 16, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Gracia Fellmeth, Emma H Plugge, Suphak Nosten, May May Oo, Mina Fazel, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Raymond Fitzpatrick, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Perinatal depression is an important contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Migrant women, particularly those resettling within low- and middle-income settings, are at increased risk of perinatal depression due to multiple stressors experienced before, during and after migration. Evidence on migrant perinatal mental health to date has focused largely on women in high-income destination countries, leaving the voices of displaced women in low-income settings unheard...
July 16, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Gregory Armstrong, Natalie Ironfield, Claire M Kelly, Katrina Dart, Kerry Arabena, Kathy Bond, Nicola Reavley, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death among Indigenous Australians. Friends, family and frontline workers (for example, teachers, youth workers) are often best positioned to provide initial assistance if someone is suicidal. Culturally appropriate expert consensus guidelines on how to provide mental health first aid to Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons who are experiencing suicidal thoughts or behaviour were developed in 2009. This study describes the re-development of these guidelines to ensure they contain the most current recommended helping actions...
July 16, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
E Ahnemark, M Di Schiena, A-C Fredman, E Medin, J K Söderling, Y Ginsberg
BACKGROUND: This observational, cross-sectional, retrospective chart review aimed to identify factors determining health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults with newly diagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Sweden. METHODS: Adult participants with a new clinical diagnosis of ADHD were enrolled from two specialist outpatient clinics in Stockholm, Sweden, from 2013 to 2015. Data extracted from patient records included demographics, clinical characteristics and comorbid psychiatric diagnoses identified using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
July 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Jennie Hayes, Tamsin Ford, Hateem Rafeeque, Ginny Russell
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that diagnostic procedures for Autism Spectrum Disorder are not consistent across practice and that diagnostic rates can be affected by contextual and social drivers. The purpose of this review was to consider how the content of clinical practice guidelines shapes diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder in the UK; and investigate where, within those guidelines, social factors and influences are considered. METHODS: We electronically searched multiple databases (NICE Evidence Base; TRIP; Social Policy and Practice; US National Guidelines Clearinghouse; HMIC; The Cochrane Library; Embase; Global health; Ovid; PsychARTICLES; PsychINFO) and relevant web sources (government, professional and regional NHS websites) for clinical practice guidelines...
July 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Linlin Qiu, Hao Yan, Risheng Zhu, Jun Yan, Huishu Yuan, Yonghua Han, Weihua Yue, Lin Tian, Dai Zhang
BACKGROUND: Widespread cortical gray matter alternations in people with schizophrenia are correlated with both psychotic symptoms and cognitive/behavioral abnormalities, including the impairments of exploratory eye movement (EEM). Particularly, the loss of gray matter density is specifically related to deficits of the responsive search score (RSS) of EEM in schizophrenia. It is unknown, however, whether the schizophrenia-related RSS deficits are associated with certain psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations...
July 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Fenglian Xu, Lynette Roberts, Colin Binns, Elizabeth Sullivan, Caroline S E Homer
BACKGROUND: To investigate the rates of hospitalisation for anaemia and depression in women in the six-year period (3 years before and after birth). To compare hospital admissions for depression in women with and without anaemia. METHODS: This is a population-based cohort study. Women's birth records (New South Wales (NSW) Perinatal Data Collection) were linked with NSW Admitted Patients Data Collection records between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2010, so that hospital admissions for mothers could be traced back for 3 years before birth and followed up 3 years after birth...
July 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Edwin de Beurs, Matthijs Blankers, Philippe Delespaul, Erik van Duijn, Niels Mulder, Annet Nugter, Wilma Swildens, Bea G Tiemens, Jan Theunissen, Arno F A van Voorst, Jaap van Weeghel
BACKGROUND: The present study investigates the suitability of various treatment outcome indicators to evaluate performance of mental health institutions that provide care to patients with severe mental illness. Several categorical approaches are compared to a reference indicator (continuous outcome) using pretest-posttest data of the Health of Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS). METHODS: Data from 10 institutions and 3189 patients were used, comprising outcomes of the first year of treatment by teams providing long-term care...
July 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Kathryn Fletcher, Fiona Foley, Neil Thomas, Erin Michalak, Lesley Berk, Michael Berk, Steve Bowe, Sue Cotton, Lidia Engel, Sheri L Johnson, Steven Jones, Michael Kyrios, Sara Lapsley, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Tania Perich, Greg Murray
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) is to establish the effectiveness of a novel online quality of life (QoL) intervention tailored for people with late stage (≥ 10 episodes) bipolar disorder (BD) compared with psychoeducation. Relative to early stage individuals, this late stage group may not benefit as much from existing psychosocial treatments. The intervention is a guided self-help, mindfulness based intervention (MBI) developed in consultation with consumers, designed specifically for web-based delivery, with email coaching support...
July 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Jean Addington, Benjamin I Goldstein, Jian Li Wang, Sidney H Kennedy, Signe Bray, Catherine Lebel, Stefanie Hassel, Catherine Marshall, Glenda MacQueen
BACKGROUND: Most mental disorders begin in adolescence; however, there are gaps in our understanding of youth mental health. Clinical and policy gaps arise from our current inability to predict, from amongst all youth who experience mild behavioural disturbances, who will go on to develop a mental illness, what that illness will be, and what can be done to change its course and prevent its worsening to a serious mental illness (SMI). There are also gaps in our understanding of how known risk factors set off neurobiological changes that may play a role in determining who will develop a SMI...
July 5, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Gerdien Schenk, Hanne M Duindam, Hanneke E Creemers, Machteld Hoeve, Geert Jan J M Stams, Jessica J Asscher
BACKGROUND: Many former inmates recidivate, resulting in high costs for societies worldwide. Evidence based treatment practices may not work in prisons, due to detainees' lacking motivation, impaired well-being, and an unsafe group environment. One attempt to improve social group climate and well-being is the use of Prison-based Animal Programs (PAP). Using a quasi-experimental design, the aim of the current study is to examine the effectiveness of one such PAP in the Netherlands: Dutch Cell Dogs (DCD)...
July 5, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Naomi Kokubo, Yuma Yokoi, Yuji Saitoh, Miho Murata, Kazushi Maruo, Yoshitake Takebayashi, Issei Shinmei, Sadanobu Yoshimoto, Masaru Horikoshi
BACKGROUND: A newer generation neuropsychological tests can take advantage of touch screen and mobile technology. We have developed a new Android application termed "User eXperience-Trail Making Test (UX-TMT)" for neurocognitive assessment and training. This study investigated the utility, including the reliability and the validity, of the UX-TMT as a screening test for cognitive decline in adults. METHODS: A total of 84 individuals aged 27-86 years were divided into three groups; healthy controls ([HC] n = 29), people with Parkinson's disease (PD; n = 28), and people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia (MCI&D; n = 27)...
July 5, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Yunyong Liu, Chao Jiang, Siyao Li, Yuan Gu, Yan Zhou, Xiaoxia An, Li Zhao, Guowei Pan
BACKGROUND: To assess the association of different gay-related stressful events (GRSEs) with depressive symptoms in Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHOD: A total of 807 MSM were recruited using respondent-driven sampling from four cities in northeastern China. GRSEs were measured using the Gay Related Stressful Life Events Scale, and depressive symptoms were assessed using the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). RESULTS: A total of 26...
July 4, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Therese Wirback, Jette Möller, Jan-Olov Larsson, Karin Engström
BACKGROUND: Population based research regarding social differences in diagnosed depression in adolescence is sparse. In this study unique material containing in-and outpatient data was used to determine if low social position in childhood increases the risk of diagnosed depression in adolescence. To further examine this association, gender differences and interactions were explored. METHODS: The study population was extracted from the Stockholm Youth Cohort (SYC), a register based cohort containing psychiatric care for all young people in Stockholm County and information about social position...
July 3, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Kareen Heinze, Ashleigh Lin, Barnaby Nelson, Renate L E P Reniers, Rachel Upthegrove, Latoya Clarke, Ayesha Roche, Angelique Lowrie, Stephen J Wood
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depressive symptoms and psychotic experiences constitute common features of emerging mental disorders in young people. Psychotic experiences and the ultra-high risk (UHR) state for psychosis appear to have a particular importance for clinical presentation, progression of symptomatology, quality of life and functioning, but the impact of psychotic experiences in individuals seeking help at non-UHR services, compared to UHR services, is under-researched. METHODS: Sixty-nine young people (Mage  ± SD at baseline = 20...
June 28, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Helen Jennings, Mike Slade, Peter Bates, Emma Munday, Rebecca Toney
BACKGROUND: Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) in mental health research is increasing, especially in early (pre-funding) stages. PPI is less consistent in later stages, including in analysing qualitative data. The aims of this study were to develop a methodology for involving PPI co-researchers in collaboratively analysing qualitative mental health research data with academic researchers, to pilot and refine this methodology, and to create a best practice framework for collaborative data analysis (CDA) of qualitative mental health research...
June 28, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Christian G Widschwendter, Georg Kemmler, Maria A Rettenbacher, Nursen Yalcin-Siedentopf, Alex Hofer
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to medication remains a major challenge in the long-term management of patients with schizophrenia. Next to lack of insight into the illness, adverse effects of antipsychotic drugs, cognitive deficits, poor therapeutic alliance, reduced quality of life, missing social support, and negative attitudes toward medication are predictors of non-adherence. This study examined potential correlations between attitudes toward antipsychotic drug therapy, subjective well-being, and symptom change in patients with chronic schizophrenia...
June 28, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
François-André Allaert, Hervé Demais, Pi Nyvall Collén
BACKGROUND: The effects of the seaweed extract were evaluated on the animal model equivalent of depression compared with a control group treated with the carrier (spring water) and a reference group treated with Imipramine and showed significative effect. This clinical trial was intended to confirm in humans the potential efficacy identified in animals. The primary objective was to compare against a placebo the effect of Ulva L.L extract in healthy volunteers whose anhedonia was characterized by a component of depression...
June 28, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Farid Chakhssi, Jannis T Kraiss, Marion Sommers-Spijkerman, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
BACKGROUND: Although positive psychology interventions (PPIs) show beneficial effects on mental health in non-clinical populations, the current literature is inconclusive regarding its effectiveness in clinical settings. We aimed to examine the effects of PPIs on well-being (primary outcome), depression, anxiety, and stress (secondary outcomes) in clinical samples with psychiatric or somatic disorders. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted following PRISMA guidelines...
June 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Susan Young, Rafael A González, Moshe Fridman, Paul Hodgkins, Keira Kim, Gisli H Gudjonsson
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is highly prevalent amongst prison inmates and the criminal justice system (CJS) likely bears considerable costs for offenders with ADHD. We aimed to examine the relationship between ADHD and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and quality-adjusted life years (QALY) amongst imprisoned adults; and to estimate the annual expenditure associated with ADHD status in prison. METHODS: An observational study was performed in 2011-2013, at Porterfield Prison, Inverness, United Kingdom (UK)...
June 25, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
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