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BMC Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526002/affective-concordance-in-couples-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-depression-and-anxiety-consultations-within-a-population-of-13-507-couples-in-primary-care
#1
J Walker, J Liddle, K P Jordan, P Campbell
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common and have a significant impact on the individual and wider society. One theory proposed to explain a heightened risk for depression and anxiety is affective concordance in couples (e.g. influence of shared mood states, shared health beliefs). Whilst research has shown concordance for severe psychiatric illnesses and general mood in couples, little attention has been given to concordance for common psychiatric conditions such as depression and anxiety...
May 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521751/an-integrated-intervention-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-and-psychological-distress-with-refugees-in-low-resource-settings-study-protocol-for-the-nguvu-cluster-randomized-trial
#2
Wietse A Tol, M Claire Greene, Samuel Likindikoki, Lusia Misinzo, Peter Ventevogel, Ann G Bonz, Judith K Bass, Jessie K K Mbwambo
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health and human rights concern globally, including for refugee women in low-resource settings. Little is known about effective interventions for this population. IPV and psychological distress have a bi-directional relationship, indicating the potential benefit of a structured psychological component as part of efforts to reduce IPV for women currently in violent relationships. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at evaluating an 8-session integrated psychological and advocacy intervention (Nguvu) with female adult survivors of past-year IPV displaying moderate to severe psychological distress...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521749/service-user-involvement-in-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-a-rural-african-setting-qualitative-study
#3
Sisay Abayneh, Heidi Lempp, Atalay Alem, Daniel Alemayehu, Tigist Eshetu, Crick Lund, Maya Semrau, Graham Thornicroft, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: It is essential to involve service users in efforts to expand access to mental health care in integrated primary care settings in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, there is little evidence from LMICs to guide this process. The aim of this study was to explore barriers to, and facilitators of, service user/caregiver involvement in rural Ethiopia to inform the development of a scalable approach. METHODS: Thirty nine semi-structured interviews were carried out with purposively selected mental health service users (n = 13), caregivers (n = 10), heads of primary care facilities (n = 8) and policy makers/planners/service developers (n = 8)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521732/the-berlin-inventory-of-gambling-behavior-screening-big-s-validation-using-a-clinical-sample
#4
Martin Wejbera, Kai W Müller, Jan Becker, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Published diagnostic questionnaires for gambling disorder in German are either based on DSM-III criteria or focus on aspects other than life time prevalence. This study was designed to assess the usability of the DSM-IV criteria based Berlin Inventory of Gambling Behavior Screening tool in a clinical sample and adapt it to DSM-5 criteria. METHODS: In a sample of 432 patients presenting for behavioral addiction assessment at the University Medical Center Mainz, we checked the screening tool's results against clinical diagnosis and compared a subsample of n=300 clinically diagnosed gambling disorder patients with a comparison group of n=132...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521730/perceptions-of-problem-drinker-patients-family-members-about-their-own-hazardous-drinking-behaviours-in-chinese-general-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#5
Chen-Chun Lin, Yun-Fang Tsai, Wen-Ling Yeh, Jung-Ta Kao, Ching-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use has been associated with health, social and legal problems. Alcohol-related problems have been studied primarily in problem-drinker patients, with few studies on their family members, particularly about their own hazardous or harmful alcohol-drinking behaviours. METHOD: In this qualitative descriptive study, participants were recruited from three hospitals randomly selected from northern and central Taiwan (2:1). Hazardous-drinker patients and their family members were screened using the Chinese version Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (scores ≥8 indicate harmful or hazardous drinkers)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506220/does-the-number-of-previous-mood-episodes-moderate-the-relationship-between-alcohol-use-smoking-and-mood-in-bipolar-outpatients
#6
Wendela G Ter Meulen, Jan van Zaane, Stasja Draisma, Aartjan T F Beekman, Ralph W Kupka
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that alcohol use and smoking are negatively associated with mood in bipolar disorders (BD). It is unknown if this relationship is moderated by the number of previous mood episodes. Therefore, this paper aims to examine whether the number of previous mood episodes moderates the relationship between alcohol use and smoking, and mood. METHOD: This study assessed the outcomes of 108 outpatients with BD I and II in a prospective observational cohort study...
May 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506219/sexual-orientation-differences-in-treatment-expectation-alliance-and-outcome-among-patients-at-risk-for-suicide-in-a-public-psychiatric-hospital
#7
Martin Plöderl, Sabine Kunrath, Robert J Cramer, Jen Wang, Larissa Hauer, Clemens Fartacek
BACKGROUND: Sexual minority (SM) individuals (gay, lesbian, bisexual, or otherwise nonheterosexual) are at increased risk for mental disorders and suicide and adequate mental healthcare may be life-saving. However, SM patients experience barriers in mental healthcare that have been attributed to the lack of SM-specific competencies and heterosexist attitudes and behaviors on the part of mental health professionals. Such barriers could have a negative impact on common treatment factors such as treatment expectancy or therapeutic alliance, culminating in poorer treatment outcomes for SM versus heterosexual patients...
May 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499448/comparison-of-demographic-characteristics-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-among-methamphetamine-heroin-and-methamphetamine-heroin-co-dependent-males-in-hunan-china
#8
Huixi Dong, Mei Yang, Liang Liu, Chenxi Zhang, Mengqi Liu, Yidong Shen, Huanzhong Liu, Wei Hao
BACKGROUND: There is little research of psychiatric comorbidity differences among people with different types of drug dependence in Chinese population. We explored demographic and comorbid psychiatric differences among methamphetamine- dependent males (MDs), heroin-dependent males (HDs) and methamphetamine and heroin co-dependent males (M/HDs) in Hunan province, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional, structured and clinical interview method was used to examine differences in DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders among 346 MDs, 698 HDs and 247 M/HDs from three compulsory rehabilitation centers and two voluntary rehabilitation centers in Hunan...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499368/measuring-mental-well-being-in-norway-validation-of-the-warwick-edinburgh-mental-well-being-scale-wemwbs
#9
Otto R F Smith, Daniele E Alves, Marit Knapstad, Ellen Haug, Leif E Aarø
BACKGROUND: Mental well-being is an important, yet understudied, area of research, partly due to lack of appropriate population-based measures. The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) was developed to meet the needs for such a measure. This article assesses the psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the WEMWBS, and its short-version (SWEMWBS) among a sample of primary health care patients who participated in the evaluation of Prompt Mental Health Care (PMHC), a novel Norwegian mental health care program aimed to increase access to treatment for anxiety and depression...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494809/the-ped-t-trial-protocol-the-effect-of-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-compared-with-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-treatment-of-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder
#10
Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jan H Rosenvinge, Gunn Pettersen, Oddgeir Friborg, KariAnne Vrabel, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Mette Svendsen, Trine Stensrud, Maria Bakland, Rolf Wynn, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
BACKGROUND: Sufferers from bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) underestimate the severity risk of their illness and, therefore, postpone seeking professional help for years. Moreover, less than one in five actually seek professional help and only 50% respond to current treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The impetus for the present trial is to explore a novel combination treatment approach adapted from physical exercise- and dietary therapy (PED-t)...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494804/validity-of-the-posttraumatic-stress-disorders-ptsd-checklist-in-pregnant-women
#11
Bizu Gelaye, Yinnan Zheng, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Marta B Rondon, Sixto E Sánchez, Michelle A Williams
BACKGROUND: The PTSD Checklist-civilian (PCL-C) is one of the most commonly used self-report measures of PTSD symptoms, however, little is known about its validity when used in pregnancy. This study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of the PCL-C as a screen for detecting PTSD symptoms among pregnant women. METHODS: A total of 3372 pregnant women who attended their first prenatal care visit in Lima, Peru participated in the study. We assessed the reliability of the PCL-C items using Cronbach's alpha...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494779/blood-homocysteine-concentration-and-mood-disorders-with-mixed-features-among-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#12
Francesco Oliva, Maurizio Coppola, Raffaella Mondola, Daniele Ascheri, Francesco Cuniberti, Gabriele Nibbio, Rocco Luigi Picci
BACKGROUND: Blood homocysteine concentration (BHC) is higher in patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Previous studies have found a relationship between depressive symptoms severity and BHC in AUD patients and recently some authors have found high BHC among patients with bipolar disorder, both during manic and depressive episodes and in euthymic state. However, BHC in patients with mixed mood episode has not yet been investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the BHC of patients with AUD and mixed mood episode...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490324/the-experiences-of-attempt-survivor-families-and-how-they-cope-after-a-suicide-attempt-in-ghana-a-qualitative-study
#13
Winifred Asare-Doku, Joseph Osafo, Charity S Akotia
BACKGROUND: Ghana's socio-cultural landscape proscribes suicidal behaviour, and this has serious ramifications for attempt survivors and their families. The objective of this qualitative study was to understand the experiences of the families of attempt survivors and how they cope with the aftermath of the attempt. METHODS: Ten families with attempted suicides agreed to participate in the study, hence they were interviewed. The information gathered was manually analyzed according to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) resulting in three major thematic areas...
May 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490323/lifetime-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-first-and-second-generation-individuals-with-turkish-migration-backgrounds-in-germany
#14
Demet Dingoyan, Holger Schulz, Ulrike Kluge, Simone Penka, Azra Vardar, Alessa von Wolff, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Uwe Koch, Andreas Heinz, Mike Mösko
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on the lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds in Germany, as there is a lack of reliable epidemiological data on this subject. METHODS: In total, 662 adults with Turkish migration backgrounds were interviewed in Hamburg and Berlin by trained, bilingual interviewers using the computerized Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI DIA-X Version 2.8) to assess diagnoses according to the DSM-IVTR...
May 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486982/geographical-accessibility-and-duration-of-untreated-psychosis-distance-as-a-determinant-of-treatment-delay
#15
Erling Inge Kvig, Beate Brinchmann, Cathrine Moe, Steinar Nilssen, Tor Ketil Larsen, Knut Sørgaard
BACKGROUND: The duration of untreated psychosis is determined by both patient and service related factors. Few studies have considered the geographical accessibility of services in relation to treatment delay in early psychosis. To address this, we investigated whether treatment delay is co-determined by straight-line distance to hospital based specialist services in a mainly rural mental health context. METHODS: A naturalistic cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample of recent onset psychosis patients in northern Norway (n = 62)...
May 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486966/the-clinical-course-of-trauma-related-disorders-and-personality-disorders-study-protocol-of-two-year-follow-up-based-on-structured-interviews
#16
Sanne Swart, Marleen Wildschut, Nel Draijer, Willemien Langeland, Jan H Smit
BACKGROUND: Trauma-related disorders and personality disorders are prevalent in survivors of chronic childhood trauma and neglect. Both conditions have serious consequences for patients, their families, society and public health and a high risk of development of chronicity. However, information on the long term course trajectories is lacking and predictors of course outcome in survivors of chronic childhood traumatization are unknown. The first aim of the current study is to identify two-year course trajectories of pathology in patients with trauma-related disorders and personality disorders...
May 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486963/polypharmacy-among-children-and-adolescents-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-a-mental-referral-hospital-in-botswana
#17
Anthony A Olashore, Ambrose Rukewe
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of data on polypharmacy in child and adolescent mental health in Africa, especially Botswana where children and adults are treated in the same facility by general adult psychiatrists. This study was therefore designed to assess the prevalence and the risk factors of psychiatric polypharmacy among children and adolescents treated at Sbrana Psychiatric Hospital, Lobatse, Botswana. METHODS: Data involving socio-demographics, diagnosis (using ICD-10 classification) and pharmacological treatment were retrieved from the records of 120 children and adolescents aged below 18 years, between 1 January 2012 and 31 July 2016, who presented with psychiatric disorders...
May 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486959/correlates-of-alcohol-consumption-in-rural-western-kenya-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Risa Takahashi, Calistus Wilunda, Karani Magutah, Wanja Mwaura-Tenambergen, Boniface Wilunda, Usaneya Perngparn
BACKGROUND: Studies on alcohol consumption in rural areas in sub-Saharan Africa are scarce. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and determinants of alcohol consumption in rural western Kenya. The study was conducted as a preliminary stage of a community-based intervention to reduce hazardous alcohol consumption. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 478 participants aged 18-65 years residing in Ikolomani Sub-county, Kakamega County was conducted in April 2015...
May 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482829/the-pulsar-specialist-care-protocol-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-control-trial-of-a-training-intervention-for-community-mental-health-teams-in-recovery-oriented-practice
#19
Frances Shawyer, Joanne C Enticott, Lisa Brophy, Annie Bruxner, Ellie Fossey, Brett Inder, John Julian, Ritsuko Kakuma, Penelope Weller, Elisabeth Wilson-Evered, Vrinda Edan, Mike Slade, Graham N Meadows
BACKGROUND: Recovery features strongly in Australian mental health policy; however, evidence is limited for the efficacy of recovery-oriented practice at the service level. This paper describes the Principles Unite Local Services Assisting Recovery (PULSAR) Specialist Care trial protocol for a recovery-oriented practice training intervention delivered to specialist mental health services staff. The primary aim is to evaluate whether adult consumers accessing services where staff have received the intervention report superior recovery outcomes compared to adult consumers accessing services where staff have not yet received the intervention...
May 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477622/optimized-animal-model-to-mimic-the-reality-of-stress-induced-depression-in-the-clinic
#20
Yi Zhang, Yuting Wang, Hui Lei, Lei Wang, Liang Xue, Xin Wang, Xiongzhao Zhu
BACKGROUND: Animal models are useful tools for verifying the relationship between stress and depression; however, an operational criterion for excluding the resilient animals from the analysis has not been established yet, which hinders the model's ability to more accurately mimic the scenario in humans. METHODS: To induce depression-like symptoms, rats received maternal deprivation (MD) during PND1-14, and/or chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) exposure. The latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to determine latent subgroups in treatment naive adult rats...
May 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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