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BMC Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732497/mental-health-differences-between-german-gay-and-bisexual-men-and-population-based-controls
#1
Frank A Sattler, Gabriele H Franke, Hanna Christiansen
BACKGROUND: International studies have revealed that gay and bisexual men present more mental health problems than the general male population. Furthermore, there is evidence that minority stress predicts mental health problems in gay and bisexual men. The aim of the present study is to provide initial data on mental health differences in Germany and to analyze the effect of minority stress. METHODS: Mental health data on n = 1903 German gay and bisexual men and n = 958 men from a population-based sample were assessed using a shortened version of the SCL-90-S...
July 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732482/treatment-outcomes-in-schizophrenia-qualitative-study-of-the-views-of-family-carers
#2
Joanne Lloyd, Helen Lloyd, Ray Fitzpatrick, Michele Peters
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a complex, heterogeneous disorder, with highly variable treatment outcomes, and relatively little is known about what is important to patients. The aim of the study was to understand treatment outcomes informal carers perceive to be important to people with schizophrenia. METHOD: Qualitative interview study with 34 individuals and 8 couples who care for a person with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed by a thematic framework based approach...
July 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732477/a-web-based-clinical-decision-tool-to-support-treatment-decision-making-in-psychiatry-a-pilot-focus-group-study-with-clinicians-patients-and-carers
#3
Catherine Henshall, Lisa Marzano, Katharine Smith, Mary-Jane Attenburrow, Stephen Puntis, Jakov Zlodre, Kathleen Kelly, Matthew R Broome, Susan Shaw, Alvaro Barrera, Andrew Molodynski, Alastair Reid, John R Geddes, Andrea Cipriani
BACKGROUND: Treatment decision tools have been developed in many fields of medicine, including psychiatry, however benefits for patients have not been sustained once the support is withdrawn. We have developed a web-based computerised clinical decision support tool (CDST), which can provide patients and clinicians with continuous, up-to-date, personalised information about the efficacy and tolerability of competing interventions. To test the feasibility and acceptability of the CDST we conducted a focus group study, aimed to explore the views of clinicians, patients and carers...
July 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724423/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-telephone-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-primary-care-study-protocol-of-tide-telephone-intervention-for-depression
#4
Birgit Watzke, Elisa Haller, Maya Steinmann, Daniela Heddaeus, Martin Härter, Hans-Helmut König, Karl Wegscheider, Thomas Rosemann
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of evidence-based treatments for depression, a large proportion of patients remains untreated or adequate treatment is initiated with delay. This situation is particularly critical in primary care, where not only most individuals first seek help for their mental health problems, but also depressive disorders - particularly mild to moderate levels of severity - are highly prevalent given the high comorbidity of chronic somatic conditions and depression...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724422/assessment-of-eating-disorders-with-the-diabetes-eating-problems-survey-revised-deps-r-in-a-representative-sample-of-insulin-treated-diabetic-patients-a-validation-study-in-italy
#5
Federica Pinna, Enrica Diana, Lucia Sanna, Valeria Deiana, Mirko Manchia, Eraldo Nicotra, Andrea Fiorillo, Umberto Albert, Alessandra Nivoli, Umberto Volpe, Anna Rita Atti, Silvia Ferrari, Federica Medda, Maria Gloria Atzeni, Daniela Manca, Elisa Mascia, Fernando Farci, Mariangela Ghiani, Rossella Cau, Marta Tuveri, Efisio Cossu, Elena Loy, Alessandra Mereu, Stefano Mariotti, Bernardo Carpiniello
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate in a sample of insulin-treated diabetic patients, with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the psychometric characteristics of the Italian version of the DEPS-R scale, a diabetes-specific self-report questionnaire used to analyze disordered eating behaviors. METHODS: The study was performed on 211 consecutive insulin-treated diabetic patients attending two specialist centers. Lifetime prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) according to DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria were assessed by means of the Module H of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM IV Axis I Disorder and the Module H modified, according to DSM-5 criteria...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724403/the-association-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-internet-addiction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Bing-Qian Wang, Nan-Qi Yao, Xiang Zhou, Jian Liu, Zheng-Tao Lv
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the association between Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Internet addiction (IA). METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in four online databases in total including CENTRAL, EMBASE, PubMed and PsychINFO. Observational studies (case-control, cross-sectional and cohort studies) measuring the correlation between IA and ADHD were screened for eligibility. Two independent reviewers screened each article according to the predetermined inclusion criteria...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724370/facing-unemployment-study-protocol-for-the-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-intervention-for-psychological-well-being-promotion
#7
Ana Virgolino, Maria João Heitor, Joana Carreiras, Elisa Lopes, Simon Øverland, Steffen Torp, Dora Guðmundsdóttir, José Pereira Miguel, M Fátima Reis, Osvaldo Santos
BACKGROUND: Economic crises and unemployment have profound impact on mental health and well-being. Main goal of the Healthy Employment (HE) project is to enhance intersectoral actions promoting mental health among unemployed, namely through the implementation and effectiveness-evaluation of short-term and sustainable group interventions. METHODS: The project follows a RE-AIM-based (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance) framework for assessing a cognitive-behavioural and psychoeducational intervention that has been developed for promoting mental health among unemployed people...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724369/acculturation-and-other-risk-factors-of-depressive-disorders-in-individuals-with-turkish-migration-backgrounds
#8
Hanna Janssen-Kallenberg, Holger Schulz, Ulrike Kluge, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Uwe Wolfradt, Uwe Koch-Gromus, Andreas Heinz, Mike Mösko, Demet Dingoyan
BACKGROUND: Acculturation is a long-term, multi-dimensional process occurring when subjects of different cultures stay in continuous contact. Previous studies have suggested that elevated rates of depression among different migrant groups might be due to patterns of acculturation and migration related risk factors. This paper focused on prevalence rates of depressive disorders and related risk factors among individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds. METHODS: A population-based sample of 662 individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds were interviewed by bilingual interviewers using a standardised diagnostic interview for DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10 diagnoses (CIDI DIA-X Version 2...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720078/characteristics-of-cardio-cerebrovascular-modulation-in-patients-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-an-observational-study
#9
Zhen-Ni Guo, Liangshu Feng, Xiuli Yan, Le Yang, Shuo Huang, Yingqi Xing, Yi Yang
BACKGROUND: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has been shown in previous studies to display abnormal cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV); however, the characteristics of cardio-cerebrovascular modulation are unknown. We aimed to analyze cardio-cerebrovascular modulation using parameters from a supine-to-standing test. METHODS: There are 2 parts to this study; in Part 1, 125 participants with Hamilton Anxiety scale scores ≥14 were enrolled, and 33 age- and sex-matched medically and psychiatrically healthy volunteers were recruited as control participants...
July 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716082/efficacy-of-hormonal-and-mental-treatments-with-mmpi-in-ftm-individuals-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-studies
#10
Hiroyuki Oda, Toshihiko Kinoshita
BACKGROUND: Cross-sex hormone treatment (CSHT) is an important option for gender dysphoria (GD) individuals to improve the quality of life. However, in Japan, sex reassignment surgery (SRS) and CSHT for GD had been discontinued until 1998 (over 30 years). After resumption, the number of GD individuals wishing treatment rapidly increased. On the other hand, the number of medical institutions available for evaluation was limited. For this reason, hormonal treatment has been administered to GD individuals requiring the prompt start of CSHT in the absence of mental health assessment by specialists...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716072/effect-of-prenatal-exposure-to-maternal-cortisol-and-psychological-distress-on-infant-development-in-bengaluru-southern-india-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Anita Nath, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Giridhara R Babu, Gian Carlo Di Renzo
BACKGROUND: The mental health status of a pregnant woman and its consequent impact on foetal well being is not given much importance compared to the risk imposed by obstetric complications and medical conditions. Maternal psychological distress is a major public health problem and needs timely detection and intervention to prevent any adverse pregnancy outcome. There is ample evidence from literature that justifies the association of prenatal maternal mental stress and elevated cortisol with delayed infant motor and cognitive development; evidence from India being rather limited...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716062/the-effects-of-acute-and-elective-cardiac-surgery-on-the-anxiety-traits-of-patients-with-marfan-syndrome
#12
Kálmán Benke, Bence Ágg, Miklós Pólos, Alex Ali Sayour, Tamás Radovits, Elektra Bartha, Péter Nagy, Balázs Rákóczi, Ákos Koller, Viola Szokolai, Julianna Hedberg, Béla Merkely, Zsolt B Nagy, Zoltán Szabolcs
BACKGROUND: Marfan syndrome is a genetic disease, presenting with dysfunction of connective tissues leading to lesions in the cardiovascular and skeletal muscle system. Within these symptoms, the most typical is weakness of the connective tissue in the aorta, manifesting as aortic dilatation (aneurysm). This could, in turn, become annuloaortic ectasia, or life-threatening dissection. As a result, life-saving and preventative cardiac surgical interventions are frequent among Marfan syndrome patients...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716022/crisis-resolution-and-home-treatment-stakeholders-views-on-critical-ingredients-and-implementation-in-england
#13
Nicola Morant, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Danielle Lamb, Kate Fullarton, Eleanor Brown, Beth Paterson, Hannah Istead, Kathleen Kelly, David Hindle, Sarah Fahmy, Claire Henderson, Oliver Mason, Sonia Johnson
BACKGROUND: Crisis resolution teams (CRTs) can provide effective home-based treatment for acute mental health crises, although critical ingredients of the model have not been clearly identified, and implementation has been inconsistent. In order to inform development of a more highly specified CRT model that meets service users' needs, this study used qualitative methods to investigate stakeholders' experiences and views of CRTs, and what is important in good quality home-based crisis care...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716021/missed-diagnoses-in-african-americans-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-the-structured-clinical-interview-for-dsm-iv-axis-i-disorders-scid-i
#14
Gregory S Chasson, Monnica T Williams, Darlene M Davis, Jessica Y Combs
BACKGROUND: Research on the utility of structured interviews in assessing OCD is scarce, and even more so, in its use for OCD in African Americans. The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I) in detecting OCD in African Americans when used by well-trained, culturally competent clinicians. METHODS: Seventy-four African American adults with OCD were assessed with the SCID-I and additional measures of OCD...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716016/identifying-classes-of-persons-with-mild-intellectual-disability-or-borderline-intellectual-functioning-a-latent-class-analysis
#15
Peter J G Nouwens, Rosanne Lucas, Nienke B M Smulders, Petri J C M Embregts, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen
BACKGROUND: Persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning are often studied as a single group with similar characteristics. However, there are indications that differences exist within this population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify classes of persons with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning and to examine whether these classes are related to individual and/or environmental characteristics. METHODS: Latent class analysis was performed using file data of 250 eligible participants with a mean age of 26...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705252/efficacy-of-prospective-pharmacogenetic-testing-in-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-results-of-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#16
Víctor Pérez, Ariana Salavert, Jordi Espadaler, Miquel Tuson, Jerónimo Saiz-Ruiz, Cristina Sáez-Navarro, Julio Bobes, Enrique Baca-García, Eduard Vieta, José M Olivares, Roberto Rodriguez-Jimenez, José M Villagrán, Josep Gascón, Josep Cañete-Crespillo, Montse Solé, Pilar A Saiz, Ángela Ibáñez, Javier de Diego-Adeliño, José M Menchón
BACKGROUND: A 12-week, double-blind, parallel, multi-center randomized controlled trial in 316 adult patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of pharmacogenetic (PGx) testing for drug therapy guidance. METHODS: Patients with a CGI-S ≥ 4 and requiring antidepressant medication de novo or changes in their medication regime were recruited at 18 Spanish public hospitals, genotyped with a commercial PGx panel (Neuropharmagen®), and randomized to PGx-guided treatment (n = 155) or treatment as usual (TAU, control group, n = 161), using a computer-generated random list that locked or unlocked psychiatrist access to the results of the PGx panel depending on group allocation...
July 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705244/smoking-cessation-in-severe-mental-ill-health-what-works-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Emily Peckham, Sally Brabyn, Liz Cook, Garry Tew, Simon Gilbody
BACKGROUND: People with severe mental ill health are more likely to smoke than those in the general population. It is therefore important that effective smoking cessation strategies are used to help people with severe mental ill health to stop smoking. This study aims to assess the effectiveness and cost -effectiveness of smoking cessation and reduction strategies in adults with severe mental ill health in both inpatient and outpatient settings. METHODS: This is an update of a previous systematic review...
July 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705243/trends-in-treatment-with-antipsychotic-medication-in-relation-to-national-directives-in-people-with-dementia-a-review-of-the-swedish-context
#18
Staffan Karlsson, Ingalill Rahm Hallberg, Patrik Midlöv, Cecilia Fagerström
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore trends in treatment with antipsychotic medication in Swedish dementia care in nursing homes as reported in the most recent empirical studies on the topic, and to relate these trends to directives from the national authorities. METHODS: The study included two scoping review studies based on searches of electronic databases as well as the Swedish directives in the field. RESULTS: During the past decade, directives have been developed for antipsychotic medication in Sweden...
July 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701225/association-of-schizophrenia-onset-age-and-white-matter-integrity-with-treatment-effect-of-d-cycloserine-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-crossover-study
#19
Kazuo Takiguchi, Akihito Uezato, Michio Itasaka, Hidenori Atsuta, Kenji Narushima, Naoki Yamamoto, Akeo Kurumaji, Makoto Tomita, Kazunari Oshima, Kosaku Shoda, Mai Tamaru, Masahito Nakataki, Mitsutoshi Okazaki, Sayuri Ishiwata, Yasuyoshi Ishiwata, Masato Yasuhara, Kunimasa Arima, Tetsuro Ohmori, Toru Nishikawa
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that drugs which promote the N-Methyl-D-aspartate-type glutamate receptor function by stimulating the glycine modulatory site in the receptor improve negative symptoms and cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia patients being treated with antipsychotic drugs. METHODS: We performed a placebo-controlled double-blind crossover study involving 41 schizophrenia patients in which D-cycloserine 50 mg/day was added-on, and the influence of the onset age and association with white matter integrity on MR diffusion tensor imaging were investigated for the first time...
July 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693583/prevention-of-seasonal-affective-disorder-in-daily-clinical-practice-results-of-a-survey-in-german-speaking-countries
#20
B Nussbaumer-Streit, D Winkler, M Spies, S Kasper, E Pjrek
BACKGROUND: Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a seasonally recurrent type of major depression. This predictable aspect makes it promising for preventive treatment. However, evidence for the efficacy and harm of preventive treatment of SAD is scarce, as are recommendations from clinical practice guidelines. The aim of this study was to assess the current use of preventive treatment of SAD in clinical practice in German-speaking countries for the first time. METHODS: We conducted a postal and web-based survey sent to the heads of all psychiatric institutions listed in the inventory "Deutsches Krankenhaus Adressbuch, 2015" that contains all psychiatric hospitals in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland...
July 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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