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BMC Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141601/associations-between-occupational-stress-burnout-and-well-being-among-manufacturing-workers-mediating-roles-of-psychological-capital-and-self-esteem
#1
Ziyue Wang, Hongbo Liu, Haijian Yu, Yanwen Wu, Shuai Chang, Lie Wang
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is an important risk factor for mental health among occupational population. Exploring related mediators of workers' mental health are important to improve their health and performance. Our study aims to explore the relationships between work stress, positive psychological resources, burnout and well-being. METHODS: The study was performed during the period of June and July in 2015. A questionnaire that consisted of the Effort-reward Imbalance Scale, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, the Psychological Capital Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Flourishing Scale, as well as demographic and working factors...
November 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141599/the-effect-of-seasonal-changes-and-climatic-factors-on-suicide-attempts-of-young-people
#2
Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci, Benjamin Vyssoki, Dietmar Winkler, Matthaeus Willeit, Nestor D Kapusta, Georg Dorffner, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic
BACKGROUND: Seasonal changes and climatic factors like ambient temperature, sunlight duration and rainfall can influence suicidal behavior. METHODS: This study analyses the relationship between seasonal changes and climatic variations and suicide attempts in 2131 young patients in Istanbul, Turkey. RESULTS: In our study sample, there was an association between suicide attempts in youths and seasonal changes, as suicide attempts occurred most frequently during summer in females as well as in males...
November 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121882/effectiveness-of-balancing-everyday-life-bel-versus-standard-occupational-therapy-for-activity-engagement-and-functioning-among-people-with-mental-illness-a-cluster-rct-study
#3
Mona Eklund, Carina Tjörnstrand, Mikael Sandlund, Elisabeth Argentzell
BACKGROUND: Many with a mental illness have an impoverished everyday life with few meaningful activities and a sedentary lifestyle. The study aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of the 16-week Balancing Everyday Life (BEL) program, compared to care as usual (CAU), for people with mental illness in specialized and community-based psychiatric services. The main outcomes concerned different aspects of subjectively evaluated everyday activities, in terms of the engagement and satisfaction they bring, balance among activities, and activity level...
November 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121879/hypnotic-susceptibility-and-affective-states-in-bipolar-i-and-ii-disorders
#4
Bingren Zhang, Jiawei Wang, Qisha Zhu, Guorong Ma, Chanchan Shen, Hongying Fan, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Highly hypnotizable individuals have impaired executive function, elevated motor impulsivity and increased emotional sensitivity, which are sometimes found in bipolar disorder patients. It is then reasonable to assume that certain aspects of hypnotic susceptibility differ with the types of bipolar disorder. METHODS: The Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale: Form C (SHSS:C) test, the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ), the Hypomanic Checklist-32 (HCL-32) and the Plutchick-van Praag Depression Inventory (PVP) were applied to 62 patients with bipolar I disorder, 33 bipolar II disorder, and 120 healthy volunteers...
November 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115965/operationalization-of-diagnostic-criteria-of-dsm-5-somatic-symptom-disorders
#5
Nana Xiong, Yaoyin Zhang, Jing Wei, Rainer Leonhart, Kurt Fritzsche, Ricarda Mewes, Xia Hong, Jinya Cao, Tao Li, Jing Jiang, Xudong Zhao, Lan Zhang, Rainer Schaefert
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test the operationalization of DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder (SSD) psychological criteria among Chinese general hospital outpatients. METHODS: This multicenter, cross-sectional study enrolled 491 patients from 10 general hospital outpatient departments. The structured clinical "interview about cognitive, affective, and behavioral features associated with somatic complaints" was used to operationalize the SSD criteria B. For comparison, DSM-IV somatoform disorders were assessed with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview plus...
November 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115928/the-japanese-version-of-the-questionnaire-about-the-process-of-recovery-development-and-validity-and-reliability-testing
#6
Akiko Kanehara, Risa Kotake, Yuki Miyamoto, Yousuke Kumakura, Kentaro Morita, Tomoko Ishiura, Kimiko Shimizu, Yumiko Fujieda, Shuntaro Ando, Shinsuke Kondo, Kiyoto Kasai
BACKGROUND: Personal recovery is increasingly recognised as an important outcome measure in mental health services. This study aimed to develop a Japanese version of the Questionnaire about the Process of Recovery (QPR-J) and test its validity and reliability. METHODS: The study comprised two stages that employed the cross-sectional and prospective cohort designs, respectively. We translated the questionnaire using a standard translation/back-translation method...
November 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110653/brief-reasons-for-living-inventory-a-psychometric-investigation
#7
Jan Christopher Cwik, Paula Siegmann, Ulrike Willutzki, Peter Nyhuis, Marcus Wolter, Thomas Forkmann, Heide Glaesmer, Tobias Teismann
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed at validating the German version of the Brief Reasons for Living inventory (BRFL). METHODS: Validity and reliability were established in a community (n = 339) and a clinical sample (n = 272). Convergent and discriminant validity were investigated, and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted for the complete BRFL as well as for a 10-item version excluding conditional items on child-related concerns. Furthermore, it was assessed how BRFL scores moderate the association between depression and suicide ideation...
November 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110649/associations-between-physical-activity-and-motivation-competence-functioning-and-apathy-in-inhabitants-with-mental-illness-from-a-rural-municipality-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Anders Farholm, Marit Sørensen, Hallgeir Halvari, Torfinn Hynnekleiv
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence for physical activity (PA) having a positive impact on physical and mental health as well as illness symptoms in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). However, individuals with SMI experience several barriers that makes it difficult to take advantage of the benefits associated with PA. One barrier consistently reported to impede PA is motivational issues. Thus, the main aim of the present study was to examine associations between PA and motivation for PA, perceived competence for PA, functioning, apathy, and demographic variables among individuals with SMI...
November 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110644/the-protective-role-of-religiosity-against-problem-gambling-findings-from-a-five-year-prospective-study
#9
Seema Mutti-Packer, David C Hodgins, Robert J Williams, Barna Konkolÿ Thege
BACKGROUND: Little research has examined the potential protective influence of religiosity against problem gambling; a common addictive behavior, and one with a host of associated negative health and social outcomes. The aims of this study were to examine (1) the potential longitudinal association between religiosity and problem gambling among adults and (2) the potential moderating role of gender on this association. METHODS: Data were from five waves of the Quinte Longitudinal Study (QLS), between 2006 and 2010...
November 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110643/perceived-coercion-in-psychiatric-hospital-admission-validation-of-the-french-language-version-of-the-macarthur-admission-experience-survey
#10
Philippe Golay, Imane Semlali, Hélène Beuchat, Valentino Pomini, Benedetta Silva, Laurent Loutrel, Jacques Thonney, Sylfa Fassasi Gallo, Stéphane Morandi, Charles Bonsack
BACKGROUND: The MacArthur Admission Experience Survey (AES) is a widely used tool to evaluate the level of perceived coercion experienced at psychiatric hospital admission. The French-language AES was prepared using a translation/back-translation procedure. It consists of 16 items and 3 subscores (perceived coercion, negative pressures and voice). This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the French-language AES. METHODS: 152 inpatients were evaluated...
November 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084529/community-based-psychosocial-interventions-for-people-with-schizophrenia-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Laura Asher, Vikram Patel, Mary J De Silva
BACKGROUND: There is consensus that the treatment of schizophrenia should combine anti-psychotic medication and psychosocial interventions in order to address complex social, economic and health needs. It is recommended that family therapy or support; community-based rehabilitation; and/or self-help and support groups should be provided for people with schizophrenia in low and middle-income countries. The effectiveness of community-based psychosocial interventions in these settings is unclear...
October 30, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070016/investigating-the-epigenetic-profile-of-the-inflammatory-gene-il-6-in-late-life-depression
#12
Joanne Ryan, Lauren Pilkington, Katharina Neuhaus, Karen Ritchie, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Richard Saffery
BACKGROUND: It is well established that there is a link between inflammation and depression, with several studies reporting increased circulating levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-6 (IL6), in depressed individuals. Peripheral epigenetic marks, including DNA methylation, hold promise as biomarkers for a range of complex conditions, with potential to inform diagnosis and tailor interventions. The aim of this study was to determine whether individuals with depression display differential methylation of the IL6 gene promoter compared to individuals without depression...
October 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070012/factors-associated-with-the-burden-of-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-mental-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Ana Lúcia Rezende Souza, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Daisy de Araújo Vilela, Renata Machado de Assis, Lizete Malagoni de Almeida Cavalcante Oliveira, Mariana Rezende Souza, Douglas José Nogueira, Maria Alves Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Caregivers are responsible for the home care of family members with mental-health disorders often experience changes in their life that can generate stress and burden. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with the burden of caregivers of family members with mental disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with a non-probability sample of family caregivers, whose patients attended a community services program, the Psychosocial Care Centers, in three cities in the southwest region of Goiás State, Central Brazil...
October 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065890/the-mediating-effects-of-childhood-neglect-on-the-association-between-schizotypal-and-autistic-personality-traits-and-depression-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#14
Jianbo Liu, Jingbo Gong, Guanghui Nie, Yuqiong He, Bo Xiao, Yanmei Shen, Xuerong Luo
BACKGROUND: Autistic personality traits (APT) and schizotypal personality traits (SPT) are associated with depression. However, mediating factors within these relationships have not yet been explored. Thus, the focus of the current study was to examine the effects of childhood neglect on the relationship between APT/SPT and depression. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on first-year students (N = 2469) at Hunan University of Chinese Medicine and Hengyang Normal College (Changsha, China)...
October 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065874/measurement-invariance-testing-of-the-phq-9-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-in-europe-the-helius-study
#15
Henrike Galenkamp, Karien Stronks, Marieke B Snijder, Eske M Derks
BACKGROUND: In Western European countries, the prevalence of depressive symptoms is higher among ethnic minority groups, compared to the host population. We explored whether these inequalities reflect variance in the way depressive symptoms are measured, by investigating whether items of the PHQ-9 measure the same underlying construct in six ethnic groups in the Netherlands. METHODS: A total of 23,182 men and women aged 18-70 of Dutch, South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Ghanaian, Turkish or Moroccan origin were included in the HELIUS study and had answered to at least one of the PHQ-9 items...
October 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065870/crucial-factors-preceding-compulsory-psychiatric-admission-a-qualitative-patient-record-study
#16
Mark H de Jong, Margreet Oorschot, Astrid M Kamperman, Petra E Brussaard, Esther M Knijff, Roland van de Sande, Arthur R Van Gool, Cornelis L Mulder
BACKGROUND: Compulsory admissions have a strong effect on psychiatric patients and represent a deprivation of personal liberty. Although the rate of such admissions is tending to rise in several Western countries, there is little qualitative research on the mental health-care process preceding compulsory admission. The objective of the study was to identify crucial factors in the mental health-care process preceding compulsory admission of adult psychiatric patients. METHODS: This retrospective, qualitative multiple-case study was based on the patient records of patients with severe mental illness, mainly schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders...
October 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065864/do-some-anxiety-disorders-belong-to-the-prodrome-of-bipolar-disorder-a-clinical-study-combining-retrospective-and-prospective-methods-to-analyse-the-relationship-between-anxiety-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder-from-the-perspective-of-biorhythms
#17
Na Du, Ya-Ling Zhou, Xu Zhang, Jing Guo, Xue-Li Sun
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, some patients diagnosed with anxiety disorder (AD) may develop bipolar disorder (BD) many years later, and some cases of AD may be cured by the use of mood stabilizers. However, the relationship between AD and BD should be explored further. METHOD: To track how many cases of AD turned to BD and to discover the differences between them, we recruited 48 patients diagnosed with BD, who were assigned to the BD group for the retrospective analysis, and we also recruited 186 patients diagnosed with AD at enrolment; this latter group was asked to complete follow-up surveys conducted 3 months, 6 months, 12 months and 18 months after the primary stage of the study...
October 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061132/depression-among-inmates-in-a-regional-prison-of-eastern-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Gambhir Shrestha, Deepak Kumar Yadav, Nidesh Sapkota, Dharanidhar Baral, Birendra Kumar Yadav, Avaniendra Chakravartty, Paras Kumar Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common form of mental disorder among inmates, with a prevalence much higher than in the general population. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of depression among inmates and identify factors associated with it. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Jhumka Regional Prison, the largest prison in eastern Nepal, from September 2014 to August 2015. A total of 434 randomly selected inmates were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire examining socio-demographic characteristics, detention status, self-reported health problems, substance use status, and suicidal ideation...
October 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058593/brain-donation-in-psychiatry-results-of-a-dutch-prospective-donor-program-among-psychiatric-cohort-participants
#19
Geertje M de Lange, Marleen Rademaker, Marco P Boks, Saskia J M C Palmen
BACKGROUND: Human brain tissue is crucial to study the molecular and cellular basis of psychiatric disorders. However, the current availability of human brain tissue is inadequate. Therefore, the Netherlands Brain Bank initiated a program in which almost 4.000 participants of 15 large Dutch psychiatric research cohorts were asked to register as prospective brain donors. METHODS: We approached patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, families with a child with autism or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, healthy relatives and healthy unrelated controls, either face-to-face or by post...
October 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047368/comparison-and-predictors-of-treatment-adherence-and-remission-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-treated-with-paliperidone-palmitate-or-atypical-oral-antipsychotics-in-community-behavioral-health-organizations
#20
Jeffrey P Anderson, Zeynep Icten, Veronica Alas, Carmela Benson, Kruti Joshi
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to antipsychotic treatment increases the likelihood of relapse and progressive symptomatology in patients with schizophrenia. Atypical long-acting injectables, including paliperidone palmitate (PP), may increase adherence and improve symptoms. This study compared and assessed predictors of treatment patterns and symptom remission among schizophrenia patients treated with PP versus atypical oral antipsychotic therapy (OAT) in community behavioral health organizations (CBHOs)...
October 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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