Read by QxMD icon Read

BMC Geriatrics

Anna Lloyd, Marilyn Kendall, John M Starr, Scott A Murray
BACKGROUND: The experiences of people with cancer and organ disease have been described across different dimensions of need as they approach death. Such information is lacking for frail older people approaching death, but could highlight how a palliative approach might be relevant for this population. METHODS: Cognitively intact, community dwelling adults considered to be moderately or severely frail were recruited from a medical day hospital. Those recruited nominated an informal carer and case-linked professional...
October 20, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Lewis O J Killin, John M Starr, Ivy J Shiue, Tom C Russ
BACKGROUND: Dementia risk reduction is a major and growing public health priority. While certain modifiable risk factors for dementia have been identified, there remains a substantial proportion of unexplained risk. There is evidence that environmental risk factors may explain some of this risk. Thus, we present the first comprehensive systematic review of environmental risk factors for dementia. METHODS: We searched the PubMed and Web of Science databases from their inception to January 2016, bibliographies of review articles, and articles related to publically available environmental data...
October 12, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Kilian Rapp, Johannes Ravindren, Clemens Becker, Ulrich Lindemann, Andrea Jaensch, Jochen Klenk
BACKGROUND: There is evidence about time-dependent fracture rates in different settings and situations. Lacking are data about underlying time-dependent fall risk patterns. The objective of the study was to analyse fall rates as a function of time after admission to sub-acute hospital units and to evaluate the time-dependent impact of clinical factors at baseline on fall risk. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used data of 5,255 patients admitted to sub-acute units in a geriatric rehabilitation clinic in Germany between 2010 and 2014...
October 7, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Carl Hörnsten, Hugo Lövheim, Peter Nordström, Yngve Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated factors associated with depression among elderly people with and without stroke concurrently, using identical settings, procedures and study variables. The aim was to investigate the prevalence of stroke and depression and to compare the factors associated with depression in people with and without stroke. METHODS: A postal mail survey was sent to 65-, 70-, 75- and 80-year-olds in northern Sweden and Finland in 2010 (n = 6098)...
October 7, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Danan Gu, Bethany L Brown, Li Qiu
BACKGROUND: Plenty of evidence has shown that self-perceived uselessness among older adults is negatively associated with successful aging in terms of good health in Western societies. It is unclear whether these findings are valid in China where living into older age is more selective due to high mortality at younger ages. METHODS: Using five waves (2000, 2002, 2005, 2008/2009 and 2011/2012) of a large nationally representative survey in China with 29,954 observations from 19,070 older adults aged 65 and older, this study aimed to investigate the association between self-perceived uselessness and successful aging...
October 6, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff, Kajsa Eklund, Katarina Wilhelmson, Lina Behm, Greta Häggblom-Kronlöf, Lena Zidén, Sten Landahl, Susanne Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Health-promoting interventions tailored to support older persons to remain in their homes, so-called "ageing in place" is important for supporting or improving their health. The health-promoting programme "Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone," (EPRZ) was set up for this purpose and has shown positive results for maintaining independence in activities of daily living for older persons 80 years and above at 1- and 2 year follow-ups. The aim of this study was to explore factors for maintaining independence in the EPRZ health-promoting programme...
October 6, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Charlotte Beaudart, Eugène McCloskey, Olivier Bruyère, Matteo Cesari, Yves Rolland, René Rizzoli, Islène Araujo de Carvalho, Jotheeswaran Amuthavalli Thiyagarajan, Ivan Bautmans, Marie-Claude Bertière, Maria Luisa Brandi, Nasser M Al-Daghri, Nansa Burlet, Etienne Cavalier, Francesca Cerreta, Antonio Cherubini, Roger Fielding, Evelien Gielen, Francesco Landi, Jean Petermans, Jean-Yves Reginster, Marjolein Visser, John Kanis, Cyrus Cooper
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is increasingly recognized as a correlate of ageing and is associated with increased likelihood of adverse outcomes including falls, fractures, frailty and mortality. Several tools have been recommended to assess muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance in clinical trials. Whilst these tools have proven to be accurate and reliable in investigational settings, many are not easily applied to daily practice. METHODS: This paper is based on literature reviews performed by members of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO) working group on frailty and sarcopenia...
October 5, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
J van Hoof, H Verbeek, B M Janssen, A Eijkelenboom, S L Molony, E Felix, K A Nieboer, E L M Zwerts-Verhelst, J J W M Sijstermans, E J M Wouters
BACKGROUND: The sense of home of nursing home residents is a multifactorial phenomenon which is important for the quality of living. This purpose of this study is to investigate the factors influencing the sense of home of older adults residing in the nursing home from the perspective of residents, relatives and care professionals. METHODS: A total of 78 participants (n = 24 residents, n = 18 relatives and n = 26 care professionals) from 4 nursing homes in the Netherlands engaged in a qualitative study, in which photography was as a supportive tool for subsequent interviews and focus groups...
October 3, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Johannes M Just, Klaus Weckbecker, Katja S Just
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal leg cramps are painful, involuntary muscle contractions commonly seen in elderly. While mostly harmless, they can severely impair quality of life and often disrupt sleep. Adverse drug effects may be responsible for a fraction of nocturnal leg cramps but often go unrecognized, resulting in additional prescribing intended to deal with adverse effects that might be better addressed by reduction, substitution, or discontinuation of the offending agent. CASE PRESENTATION: An 87 year old female presented as outpatient in family medicine with nocturnal leg cramps which had been present for five years and increasingly burdened her quality of life...
October 1, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Mathew A Harris, Caroline E Brett, Ian J Deary, John M Starr
BACKGROUND: Intelligence is related to both height and body mass index (BMI) at various stages of life. Several studies have demonstrated longitudinal relationships between these measures, but none has established whether height and intelligence, or BMI and intelligence are linked from childhood through to older age. METHODS: We assessed the relations between these measures over an interval of up to 67 years using data from the 36-Day Sample, an initially-representative sample of Scottish people born in 1936, assessed at age 11 years (N = 6,291) and again at 77-78 years (N = 722)...
September 29, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Seung Hee Lee, Young Bum Kim
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that social activities are beneficial for the reduction of cognitive decline (CD) in the elderly. However, knowledge regarding the types of social activities that reduce CD in later life is limited. The aim of this study is to examine which type of social activities reduce CD 4 years later among young-old (Y-O) and old-old (O-O) adults. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis using data from cognitively intact adults 65 years of age or older who participated in the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA)...
September 27, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Misa Nakamura, Yosuke Kobashi, Hiroshi Hashizume, Hiroyuki Oka, Ryohei Kono, Sachiko Nomura, Akihiro Maeno, Munehito Yoshida, Hirotoshi Utsunomiya
BACKGROUND: A concept referred to as locomotive syndrome (LS) was proposed by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association in order to help identify middle-aged and older adults who may be at high risk of requiring healthcare services because of problems associated with locomotion. Cardiometabolic disorders, including obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia, have a high prevalence worldwide. The purpose of this study was to determine the associations between LS and both body composition and cardiometabolic disorders...
September 27, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Andrew Wister, Hal Kendig, Barbara Mitchell, Ian Fyffe, Vanessa Loh
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity has been recognized as a major public health issue, negatively affecting health-related quality of life, including physical, functional, mental, emotional, and social domains, as well as increasing health care utilization. This exploratory study examines selected health outcomes associated with multimorbidity across older age groups/cohorts and gender, comparing Canada and Australia. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2008/09 Canadian Community Health Survey and the 2009 Australian HILDA survey...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
Kendra Peterson, Howard Hahn, Amber J Lee, Catherine A Madison, Alireza Atri
BACKGROUND: Most patients with dementia or cognitive impairment receive care from family members, often untrained for this challenging role. Caregivers may not access publicly available caregiving information, and caregiver education programs are not widely implemented clinically. Prior large surveys yielded broad quantitative understanding of caregiver information needs, but do not illuminate the in-depth, rich, and nuanced caregiver perspectives that can be gleaned using qualitative methodology...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
Hannah C Moorey, Sebastian Zaidman, Thomas A Jackson
BACKGROUND: Older people are commonly prescribed multiple medications, including medications with anticholinergic effects. Polypharmacy and anticholinergic medications may be risk factors for the development of delirium. METHODS: Patients from a medical admission unit who were over 70, with DSM-IV diagnosed delirium and patients without delirium, were investigated. Number of drugs prescribed on admission and anticholinergic burden using two scales (the Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale [ACB] and the Anticholinergic Drug Scale [ADS]) were recorded from electronic prescribing records...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
Danan Gu, Fang Yang, Jessica Sautter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMC Geriatrics
Wei Lin, Chan Chen, Huaqin Guan, Xiaohong Du, Junjian Li
BACKGROUND: Understanding the differences in characteristics, gender, and common causes for admission in hospitalized elderly diabetic patients provides a theoretical basis for their successful management. This study explored the reasons and gender differences in hospitalizations of elderly patients with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Patients aged ≥60 years who had received a diagnosis of diabetes by the time of discharge, from 1 January 2011 to 1 January 2014, were retrospectively enrolled...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
Ann-Sofi C Kammerlind, Marie Ernsth Bravell, Eleonor I Fransson
BACKGROUND: Dizziness is highly prevalent among older people and associated with many health factors. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of and factors related to dizziness among community-dwelling older adults in Sweden. In contrast to previous studies, the subjects with dizziness were divided into two groups, mild and substantial dizziness, according to the frequency and intensity of dizziness. METHODS: A sample of 305 older persons between 75 and 90 years of age (mean age 81 years) were interviewed and examined...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
Suzanne M Dyer, Maria Crotty, Nicola Fairhall, Jay Magaziner, Lauren A Beaupre, Ian D Cameron, Catherine Sherrington
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures are an increasingly common consequence of falls in older people that are associated with a high risk of death and reduced function. This review aims to quantify the impact of hip fracture on older people's abilities and quality of life over the long term. METHODS: Studies were identified through PubMed and Scopus searches and contact with experts. Cohort studies of hip fracture patients reporting outcomes 3 months post-fracture or longer were included for review...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
Hui-Shan Lin, J N Watts, N M Peel, R E Hubbard
BACKGROUND: As the population ages, increasing numbers of older adults are undergoing surgery. Frailty is prevalent in older adults and may be a better predictor of post-operative morbidity and mortality than chronological age. The aim of this review was to examine the impact of frailty on adverse outcomes in the 'older old' and 'oldest old' surgical patients. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken. Electronic databases from 2010 to 2015 were searched to identify articles which evaluated the relationship between frailty and post-operative outcomes in surgical populations with a mean age of 75 and older...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"