journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BMC Geriatrics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343219/the-preliminary-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-intervention-on-improving-the-skeletal-muscle-mass-index-physical-fitness-and-quality-of-life-among-older-people-with-sarcopenia
#1
Shu-Fang Chang, Pei-Chen Lin, Rong-Sen Yang, Rea-Jeng Yang
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that sarcopenia easily leads to difficulty moving, disability, and poor quality of life. However, researches on the use of whole-body vibration for older adults with sarcopenia living in institutions have been lacking. Therefore, the main objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of whole-body vibration intervention on improving the skeletal muscle mass index, physical fitness, and quality of life of older adults with sarcopenia living in institutions...
January 17, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338695/novel-sensing-technology-in-fall-risk-assessment-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#2
Ruopeng Sun, Jacob J Sosnoff
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major health problem for older adults with significant physical and psychological consequences. A first step of successful fall prevention is to identify those at risk of falling. Recent advancement in sensing technology offers the possibility of objective, low-cost and easy-to-implement fall risk assessment. The objective of this systematic review is to assess the current state of sensing technology on providing objective fall risk assessment in older adults. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in accordance to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement (PRISMA)...
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338694/development-of-a-physical-literacy-model-for-older-adults-a-consensus-process-by-the-collaborative-working-group-on-physical-literacy-for-older-canadians
#3
Gareth R Jones, Liza Stathokostas, Bradley W Young, Andrew V Wister, Shirley Chau, Patricia Clark, Mary Duggan, Drew Mitchell, Peter Nordland
BACKGROUND: Arguably the uptake and usability of the physical activity (PA) guidelines for older adults has not been effective with only 12% of this population meeting the minimum guidelines to maintain health. Health promoters must consider innovative ways to increase PA adoption and long-term sustainability. Physical literacy (PL) is emerging as a promising strategy to increase lifelong PA participation in younger age-groups, yet there is relatively little evidence of PL being used to support older adults in achieving the PA guidelines...
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338690/multimorbidity-patterns-in-the-elderly-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-cluster-analysis
#4
Marina Guisado-Clavero, Albert Roso-Llorach, Tomàs López-Jimenez, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Miguel Angel Muñoz, Concepción Violán
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity is the coexistence of more than two chronic diseases in the same individual; however, there is no consensus about the best definition. In addition, few studies have described the variability of multimorbidity patterns over time. The aim of this study was to identify multimorbidity patterns and their variability over a 6-year period in patients older than 65 years attended in primary health care. METHODS: A cohort study with yearly cross-sectional analysis of electronic health records from 50 primary health care centres in Barcelona...
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338688/transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-provides-more-favorable-clinical-outcomes-compared-with-conservative-medical-treatment-in-patients-with-urinary-retention-caused-by-benign-prostatic-obstruction
#5
Yu-Hsiang Lin, Chen-Pang Hou, Tien-Hsing Chen, Horng-Heng Juang, Phei-Lang Chang, Pei-Shan Yang, Chien-Lun Chen, Ke-Hung Tsui
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the long-term surgical outcomes of patients with urinary retention (UR) caused by a benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and compare their outcomes with those of patients who received medication without surgical intervention. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed claims data collected during the period of 1997-2012 from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database...
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338686/correction-to-effectiveness-and-safety-of-vitamin-k-antagonists-and-new-anticoagulants-in-the-prevention-of-thromboembolism-in-atrial-fibrillation-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-reviews-and-the-development-of-recommendations-to-reduce-inappropriate
#6
Christina Sommerauer, Lisa Schlender, Marc Krause, Sabine Weißbach, Anja Rieckert, Yolanda V Martinez, David Reeves, Anna Renom-Guiteras, Ilkka Kunnamo, Andreas Sönnichsen
After publication of the original article [1] it was found that author Marc Krause's name had been spelt incorrectly. In the original article it is presented as Mark Krause, rather than Marc Krause. The revised spelling has been included in the author list for this Correction.
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338685/functional-health-state-description-and-valuation-by-people-aged-65-and-over-a-pilot-study
#7
Riaan Botes, Karin M Vermeulen, Adelita V Ranchor, Erik Buskens
BACKGROUND: Assessing quality of life among the elderly is a complex and multifaceted issue. Elderly people might find valuing and describing their personal experience of quality of life (QoL) demanding and cumbersome. This study therefore sought to determine the feasibility of administering two questionnaires in two samples of elderly people. METHODS: A preference-based instrument (EQ-5D + C) and a currently achieved functioning questionnaire (CAF) were utilized...
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334945/blood-pressure-change-does-not-associate-with-center-of-pressure-movement-after-postural-transition-in-geriatric-outpatients
#8
Sjoerd T Timmermans, Esmee M Reijnierse, Jantsje H Pasma, Marijke C Trappenburg, Gerard J Blauw, Andrea B Maier, Carel G M Meskers
BACKGROUND: Orthostatic hypotension (OH), a blood pressure drop after postural change, is associated with impaired standing balance and falls in older adults. This study aimed to assess the association between blood pressure (BP) and a measure of quality of standing balance, i.e. Center of Pressure (CoP) movement, after postural change from supine to standing position in geriatric outpatients, and to compare CoP movement between patients with and without OH. METHODS: In a random subgroup of 75 consecutive patients who were referred to a geriatric outpatient clinic, intermittent BP measurements were obtained simultaneously with CoP measurements in mediolateral and anterior-posterior direction directly after postural change during 3 min of quiet stance with eyes open on a force plate...
January 15, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325531/costs-of-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-in-residential-aged-care-facilities
#9
S L Harrison, L Kouladjian O'Donnell, R Milte, S M Dyer, E S Gnanamanickam, C Bradley, E Liu, S N Hilmer, M Crotty
BACKGROUND: The potential harms of some medications may outweigh their potential benefits (inappropriate medication use). Despite recommendations to avoid the use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in older adults, the prevalence of PIM use is high in different settings including residential aged care. However, it remains unclear what the costs of these medications are in this setting. The main objective of this study was to determine the costs of PIMs in older adults living in residential care...
January 11, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304836/osteoporotic-fractures-and-obesity-affect-frailty-progression-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study
#10
Olga Gajic-Veljanoski, Alexandra Papaioannou, Courtney Kennedy, George Ioannidis, Claudie Berger, Andy Kin On Wong, Kenneth Rockwood, Susan Kirkland, Parminder Raina, Lehana Thabane, Jonathan D Adachi
BACKGROUND: Despite knowing better how to screen older adults, understanding how frailty progression might be modified is unclear. We explored effects of modifiable and non-modifiable factors on changes in frailty in community-dwelling adults aged 50+ years who participated in the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaMos). METHODS: Rates of change in frailty over 10 years were examined using the 30-item CaMos Frailty Index (CFI). Incident and prevalent low-trauma fractures were categorized by fracture site into hip, clinical vertebral and non-hip-non-vertebral fractures...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304752/low-patient-activation-levels-in-frail-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Anouk Overbeek, Judith A C Rietjens, Lea J Jabbarian, Johan Severijnen, Siebe J Swart, Agnes van der Heide, Ida J Korfage
BACKGROUND: Frail older adults are increasingly expected to self-manage their health and healthcare. We assessed the extent to which this group is able to take up this responsibility by measuring their level of activation as patients (i.e. their knowledge, skills and confidence to self-manage their health and healthcare). Further, we studied which characteristics of older adults were associated with patient activation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study 200 frail, competent adults (median age 87 years) participated...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304751/what-is-the-best-adjustment-of-appendicular-lean-mass-for-predicting-mortality-or-disability-among-japanese-community-dwellers
#12
Rei Otsuka, Yasumoto Matsui, Chikako Tange, Yukiko Nishita, Makiko Tomida, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata, Hidenori Arai
BACKGROUND: Age-related declines in skeletal muscle mass and strength, representing "sarcopenia," are a growing concern in aging societies. However, the prevalence of low muscle mass based on the height2-adjustment has been shown to be extremely low, and a more appropriate definition of low muscle mass is needed, particularly for Asian women. The aim of this study was to explore the most appropriate adjustment of appendicular lean mass (ALM) for predicting mortality or disability risk using ALM or any of 5 adjustments of ALM among community-dwelling Japanese...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304750/lower-body-functioning-and-correlates-among-older-american-indians-the-cerebrovascular-disease-and-its-consequences-in-american-indians-study
#13
R Turner Goins, Mark Schure, Paul N Jensen, Astrid Suchy-Dicey, Lonnie Nelson, Steven P Verney, Barbara V Howard, Dedra Buchwald
BACKGROUND: More than six million American Indians live in the United States, and an estimated 1.6 million will be aged ≥65 years old by 2050 tripling in numbers since 2012. Physical functioning and related factors in this population are poorly understood. Our study aimed to assess lower body functioning and identify the prevalence and correlates of "good" functioning in a multi-tribe, community-based sample of older American Indians. METHODS: Assessments used the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304749/what-works-in-falls-prevention-in-asia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Keith D Hill, Plaiwan Suttanon, Sang-I Lin, William W N Tsang, Asmidawati Ashari, Tengku Aizan Abd Hamid, Kaela Farrier, Elissa Burton
BACKGROUND: There is strong research evidence for falls prevention among older people in the community setting, although most is from Western countries. Differences between countries (eg sunlight exposure, diet, environment, exercise preferences) may influence the success of implementing falls prevention approaches in Asian countries that have been shown to be effective elsewhere in the world. The aim of this review is to evaluate the scope and effectiveness of falls prevention randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from the Asian region...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304748/revisiting-the-link-between-cognitive-decline-and-masticatory-dysfunction
#15
Chia-Shu Lin
Age-related decline in cognitive functions and dementia are major challenges in geriatric healthcare. Accumulating evidence from clinical, epidemiological and animal research suggests that tooth loss may be a risk factor for the decline of cognitive functions. This issue highlights the role of the brain-stomatognathic axis in geriatric medicine. Whether input from the stomatognathic apparatus can affect the brain remains an open debate. By revisiting the evidence published in the past five years, we argue that the hypothesis regarding the association between cognitive decline and masticatory dysfunction should be carefully interpreted...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304744/a-randomised-controlled-intervention-study-investigating-the-efficacy-of-carotenoid-rich-fruits-and-vegetables-and-extra-virgin-olive-oil-on-attenuating-sarcopenic-symptomology-in-overweight-and-obese-older-adults-during-energy-intake-restriction-protocol-paper
#16
Anthony Villani, Hattie Wright, Gary Slater, Jonathan Buckley
BACKGROUND: Weight loss interventions have not been advocated for overweight/obese older adults due to potential loss of skeletal muscle and strength impacting on physical function with potential loss of independence. Carotenoids and polyphenols are inversely associated with sarcopenic symptomology. This paper reports the protocol of a study evaluating the efficacy of a high-protein, energy restricted diet rich in carotenoids and polyphenols on body composition, muscle strength, physical performance and quality of life in overweight and obese older adults...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291720/the-role-of-gender-in-the-association-between-personality-and-task-priority-in-older-adults-dual-tasking-while-walking
#17
Maayan Agmon, Galit Armon, Shani Denesh, Mihalis Doumas
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem for older adults. Many falls occur when a person's attention is divided between two tasks, such as a dual task (DT) involving walking. Most recently, the role of personality in walking performance was addressed; however, its association with DT performance remains to be determined. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of 73 older, community-dwelling adults explores the association between personality and DT walking and the role of gender in this relationship...
January 2, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284416/preoperative-medication-use-and-postoperative-delirium-a-systematic-review
#18
Gizat M Kassie, Tuan A Nguyen, Lisa M Kalisch Ellett, Nicole L Pratt, Elizabeth E Roughead
BACKGROUND: Medications are frequently reported as both predisposing factors and inducers of delirium. This review evaluated the available evidence and determined the magnitude of risk of postoperative delirium associated with preoperative medication use. METHODS: A systematic search in Medline and EMBASE was conducted using MeSH terms and keywords for postoperative delirium and medication. Studies which included patients 18 years and older who underwent major surgery were included...
December 29, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284406/an-additive-effect-of-leading-role-in-the-organization-between-social-participation-and-dementia-onset-among-japanese-older-adults-the-ages-cohort-study
#19
Yuta Nemoto, Tami Saito, Satoru Kanamori, Taishi Tsuji, Kokoro Shirai, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Kazushi Maruo, Takashi Arao, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Several previous studies reported social participation may reduce the incident of dementia; therefore, the type of positions held in the organization may relate to dementia onset. However, this hypothesis remains largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to examine the additive effect of a leadership position in the organization on dementia onset and social participation among elderly people in a local community, according to data from a Japanese older adults cohort study...
December 29, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282013/an-investigation-of-factors-predicting-the-type-of-bladder-antimuscarinics-initiated-in-medicare-nursing-homes-residents
#20
Daniela C Moga, Qishan Wu, Pratik Doshi, Amie J Goodin
BACKGROUND: To examine factors predicting type of bladder antimuscarinics (BAM) initiated in nursing home (NH) residents. METHODS: Incident BAM initiators following NH admission were identified by constructing a retrospective cohort from Medicare files and Minimum Data Set (MDS). Participants included all residents 65 years and older admitted in Medicare-certified NH between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2008 who were prescribed BAM and had continuous Medicare (Part A, B, and D) enrollment...
December 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
journal
journal
36186
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"