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BMC Geriatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747158/characteristics-of-disability-in-activity-of-daily-living-in-elderly-people-associated-with-locomotive-disorders
#1
Tsutomu Iwaya, Tokuhide Doi, Atsushi Seichi, Yuichi Hoshino, Toru Ogata, Masami Akai
BACKGROUND: Ageing is associated with a decline of motor function and ability to perform daily activities. Locomotive disorders are one of the major disorders resulting in adverse health condition in elderly people. Concept of Locomotive syndrome (LoS) was proposed to tackle the problems and prolong healthy life expectancy of people with locomotive disorders. To develop intervention strategy for LoS it is mandatory to investigate impairments, functional disabilities which people with locomotive disorder experience and to examine relationships among these parameters...
July 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743253/a-qualitative-study-of-carers-experiences-of-dementia-caf%C3%A3-s-a-place-to-feel-supported-and-be-yourself
#2
Nan Greenwood, Raymond Smith, Farrukh Akhtar, Angela Richardson
BACKGROUND: Unpaid, informal carers or caregivers play an important role in supporting people living with dementia but the role can be challenging and carers themselves may benefit from support. Alzheimer's, dementia or memory cafés are one such form of support . These cafés are usually provided in the voluntary sector and are a place where people with dementia and those supporting them, usually family carers, can meet with others in similar situations. METHODS: Using semi-structured interviews, this qualitative study explored the experiences of 11 carers from five dementia cafés in and around London, England...
July 25, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743244/non-adherence-to-medication-regimens-among-older-african-american-adults
#3
Mohsen Bazargan, James Smith, Hamed Yazdanshenas, Masoud Movassaghi, David Martins, Gail Orum
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns about racial differences on adherence to prescribed medication rigimens among older adults, current information about nonadherence among underserved elderly African Americans with co-morbidities is limited. This study examines the association between adherence to drug regimens and an array of medication-related factors, including polypharmacy, medication regimen complexity, use of Potentially Inappropriate Medications (PIM), and knowledge about the therapeutic purpose and instructions of medication use...
July 25, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738897/food-assistance-is-associated-with-decreased-nursing-home-admissions-for-maryland-s-dually-eligible-older-adults
#4
Sarah L Szanton, Laura J Samuel, Rachel Cahill, Ginger Zielinskie, Jennifer L Wolff, Roland J Thorpe, Charles Betley
BACKGROUND: Although it has long been known that a broad range of factors beyond medical diagnoses affect health and health services use, it has been unclear whether additional income can decrease health service use. We examined whether Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) receipt is associated with subsequent nursing home entry among low income older adults. METHODS: We examined the 77,678 older adults dually eligible for Medicaid and Medicare in Maryland, 2010-2012...
July 24, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732490/positive-ageing-perceptions-among-migrant-turkish-and-native-dutch-older-people-a-matter-of-culture-or-resources
#5
Jane M Cramm, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: This study examined ethnic differences in ageing perceptions of migrant Turkish and native Dutch elders residing in Rotterdam, and explored whether such differences could be attributed to culture or resources (personal, physical, economic and/or social). METHODS: This study was based on combined data from two research projects focusing on the health and well-being of community-dwelling elderly people in Rotterdam. The first dataset contained data from 994 native Dutch elders aged 70-99 years...
July 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732489/the-impact-of-retirement-on-age-related-cognitive-decline-a-systematic-review
#6
Annette Meng, Mette Andersen Nexø, Vilhelm Borg
BACKGROUND: Knowledge on factors affecting the rate of cognitive decline and how to maintain cognitive functioning in old age becomes increasingly relevant. The purpose of the current study was to systematically review the evidence for the impact of retirement on cognitive functioning and on age related cognitive decline. METHOD: We conducted a systematic literature review, following the principles of the PRISMA statement, of longitudinal studies on the association between retirement and cognition...
July 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732474/clinical-and-epidemiological-characteristics-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess-in-people-65%C3%A2-years-or-older-versus-people-under-65-a-retrospective-study
#7
Jorge Peris, Pablo Bellot, Pablo Roig, Sergio Reus, Sara Carrascosa, Gregorio González-Alcaide, José M Palazón, José M Ramos
BACKGROUND: To analyse the clinical, epidemiological, microbiological and prognostic differences of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in older (≥ 65 years of age) versus younger patients (< 65 years). METHODS: Multicentre, retrospective cohort study in all patients with PLA admitted to two Spanish hospitals from January 2000 to January 2014. Cases were divided into two age groups (< 65 years and ≥65 years) for comparison of clinical, epidemiological and microbiological characteristics as well as treatment...
July 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732473/patterns-of-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-association-with-predictors-among-community-dwelling-older-women-a-latent-class-analysis
#8
Jeongok Park, Young Joo Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to classify patterns of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among community-dwelling older women, to examine difference in characteristics among the classes, and to explore predictors of class membership. METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis of nationwide data from the 2014 Actual Living Condition of the Elderly and Welfare Need Survey. A total of 10,451 individuals aged 65 years or older were interviewed for the 2014 dataset, but we only selected the female participants (n = 6095) for this study...
July 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728570/health-promotion-interventions-for-community-dwelling-older-people-with-mild-or-pre-frailty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Rachael Frost, Celia Belk, Ana Jovicic, Federico Ricciardi, Kalpa Kharicha, Benjamin Gardner, Steve Iliffe, Claire Goodman, Jill Manthorpe, Vari M Drennan, Kate Walters
BACKGROUND: Mild or pre-frailty is common and associated with increased risks of hospitalisation, functional decline, moves to long-term care, and death. Little is known about the effectiveness of health promotion in reducing these risks. This systematic review aimed to synthesise randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating home and community-based health promotion interventions for older people with mild/pre-frailty. METHODS: We searched 20 bibliographic databases and 3 trials registers (January 1990 - May 2016) using mild/pre-frailty and associated terms...
July 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724399/health-needs-access-to-healthcare-and-perceptions-of-ageing-in-an-urbanizing-community-in-india-a-qualitative-study
#10
Nandita Bhan, Pavitra Madhira, Arundati Muralidharan, Bharati Kulkarni, Gvs Murthy, Sanjay Basu, Sanjay Kinra
BACKGROUND: India's elderly population is rising at an unprecedented rate, with a majority living in rural areas. Health challenges associated with ageing, changing social networks and limited public health infrastructure are issues faced by the elderly and caregivers. We examined perceptions of health needs of the elderly across local stakeholders in an urbanizing rural area. METHODS: The qualitative study was conducted among participants in the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study (APCAPS) site in Rangareddy district, Telangana...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724392/a-prospective-study-assessing-agreement-and-reliability-of-a-geriatric-evaluation
#11
Isabella Locatelli, Stéfanie Monod, Jacques Cornuz, Christophe J Büla, Nicolas Senn
BACKGROUND: The present study takes place within a geriatric program, aiming at improving the diagnosis and management of geriatric syndromes in primary care. Within this program it was of prime importance to be able to rely on a robust and reproducible geriatric consultation to use as a gold standard for evaluating a primary care brief assessment tool. The specific objective of the present study was thus assessing the agreement and reliability of a comprehensive geriatric consultation...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724358/quality-of-care-and-quality-of-life-of-people-with-dementia-living-at-green-care-farms-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Bram de Boer, Jan P H Hamers, Sandra M G Zwakhalen, Frans E S Tan, Hilde Verbeek
BACKGROUND: Many countries are introducing smaller, more home-like care facilities that represent a radically new approach to nursing home care for people with dementia. The green care farm is a new type of nursing home developed in the Netherlands. The goal of this study was to compare quality of care, quality of life and related outcomes in green care farms, regular small-scale living facilities and traditional nursing homes for people with dementia. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724356/a-one-year-follow-up-study-of-chronic-pain-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-and-without-neuropathic-pain
#13
Susanna Rapo-Pylkkö, Maija Haanpää, Helena Liira
BACKGROUND: Chronic, mostly musculoskeletal pain is common among older adults. Little is known about the prognosis of chronic pain and the neuropathic pain qualities in older adults. We studied a cohort of community-dwelling older adults, clinically assessed their pain states, classified their type of pain (nociceptive, neuropathic or combined) and followed them up for a year. METHODS: At baseline, a geriatrician clinically examined all study patients and classified their type of pain in collaboration with a pain specialist...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724355/urban-rural-differences-in-the-association-between-access-to-healthcare-and-health-outcomes-among-older-adults-in-china
#14
Xufan Zhang, Matthew E Dupre, Li Qiu, Wei Zhou, Yuan Zhao, Danan Gu
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that inadequate access to healthcare is associated with lower levels of health and well-being in older adults. Studies have also shown significant urban-rural differences in access to healthcare in developing countries such as China. However, there is limited evidence of whether the association between access to healthcare and health outcomes differs by urban-rural residence at older ages in China. METHODS: Four waves of data (2005, 2008/2009, 2011/2012, and 2014) from the largest national longitudinal survey of adults aged 65 and older in mainland China (n = 26,604) were used for analysis...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724351/impact-of-a-lay-led-home-based-intervention-programme-on-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-pre-frail-and-frail-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
A Kapan, E Winzer, S Haider, S Titze, K Schindler, C Lackinger, T E Dorner
BACKGROUND: Due to the demographic ageing process and the increasing number of pre-frail and frail individuals, new lifestyle interventions to enhance the quality of life (QoL) in community-dwelling older adults are necessary. Therefore, we performed a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to compare effects of a lay-led home-based physical and nutritional intervention programme with social support alone on different QoL domains in community-dwelling pre-frail and frail older adults. METHODS: In this analysis within a RCT (12 weeks), lay volunteers visited one-on-one pre-frail or frail older adults at home twice a week...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720075/physical-activity-body-functions-and-disability-among-middle-aged-and-older-spanish-adults
#16
Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz, Jesús de Pedro
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) health components were associated with PA among older adults. METHODS: We used a sample of 864 persons aged ≥50 years, positively screened for disability or cognition in a cross-sectional community survey in Spain...
July 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716004/concurrent-use-of-alcohol-interactive-medications-and-alcohol-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-prevalence-and-associated-adverse-outcomes
#17
Alice E Holton, Paul Gallagher, Tom Fahey, Gráinne Cousins
BACKGROUND: Older adults are susceptible to adverse effects from the concurrent use of medications and alcohol. The aim of this study was to systematically review the prevalence of concurrent use of alcohol and alcohol-interactive (AI) medicines in older adults and associated adverse outcomes. METHODS: A systematic search was performed using MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, Scopus and Web of Science (January 1990 to June 2016), and hand searching references of retrieved articles...
July 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716003/eccentric-versus-traditional-resistance-exercise-for-older-adult-fallers-in-the-community-a-randomized-trial-within-a-multi-component-fall-reduction-program
#18
Paul LaStayo, Robin Marcus, Leland Dibble, Bob Wong, Ginette Pepper
BACKGROUND: Addressing muscle deficits within a multi-component exercise fall reduction program is a priority, especially for the highest risk older adults, i.e., those who have fallen previously. Eccentric resistance exercise with its high-force producing potential, at a low energetic cost, may be ideally-suited to address muscle impairments in this population. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of resistance exercise via negative, eccentrically-induced, work (RENEW) versus traditional (TRAD) resistance exercise on mobility, balance confidence, muscle power and cross sectional area, as well as the number of days high fall risk older adults survived without a fall event over a 1 year period...
July 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709402/dissemination-and-implementation-research-in-dementia-care-a-systematic-scoping-review-and-evidence-map
#19
Ilianna Lourida, Rebecca A Abbott, Morwenna Rogers, Iain A Lang, Ken Stein, Bridie Kent, Jo Thompson Coon
BACKGROUND: The need to better understand implementing evidence-informed dementia care has been recognised in multiple priority-setting partnerships. The aim of this scoping review was to give an overview of the state of the evidence on implementation and dissemination of dementia care, and create a systematic evidence map. METHODS: We sought studies that addressed dissemination and implementation strategies or described barriers and facilitators to implementation across dementia stages and care settings...
July 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705187/analysis-of-home-based-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-motor-impairment-in-primary-care-a-prospective-observational-study
#20
Francisco Antonio Vega-Ramírez, Remedios López-Liria, Genoveva Granados-Gámez, Jose Manuel Aguilar-Parra, David Padilla-Góngora
BACKGROUND: The purpose of health and social policies is to encourage older people more longevity, remain free of disability and experience quality of life while living in their homes. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of 473 patients diagnosed with motor impairment in primary care, the objectives of home-based rehabilitation and its functional impact. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted in the Almería Health District...
July 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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