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BMC Geriatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645259/adapted-yoga-to-improve-physical-function-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-physically-inactive-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial
#1
Garry A Tew, Jenny Howsam, Matthew Hardy, Laura Bissell
BACKGROUND: Yoga is a holistic therapy of expanding popularity, which has the potential to produce a range of physical, mental and social benefits. This trial evaluated the feasibility and effects of an adapted yoga programme on physical function and health-related quality of life in physically-inactive older adults. METHODS: In this randomised controlled pilot trial, 52 older adults (90% female; mean age 74.8 years, SD 7.2) were randomised 1:1 to a yoga programme or wait-list control...
June 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645251/improving-early-detection-initiatives-a-qualitative-study-exploring-perspectives-of-older-people-and-professionals
#2
Manon Lette, Annerieke Stoop, Lidwien C Lemmens, Yvette Buist, Caroline A Baan, Simone R de Bruin
BACKGROUND: A wide range of initiatives on early detection and intervention have been developed to proactively identify problems related to health and wellbeing in (frail) older people, with the aim of supporting them to live independently for as long as possible. Nevertheless, it remains unclear what the best way is to design such initiatives and how older people's needs and preferences can be best addressed. This study aimed to address this gap in the literature by exploring: 1) older people's perspectives on health and living environment in relation to living independently at home; 2) older people's needs and preferences in relation to initiating and receiving care and support; and 3) professionals' views on what would be necessary to enable the alignment of early detection initiatives with older people's own needs and preferences...
June 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633628/olfactory-testing-in-consecutive-patients-referred-with-suspected-dementia
#3
Ib Thrane Christensen, Elna-Marie Larsson, Ida E Holm, Ole B F Nielsen, Stig Andersen
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia and early and accurate diagnosis is important. Olfactory dysfunction is an early sign of AD. The contribution by test of olfactory function has been surveyed in AD vs a line of conditions but remains to be settled in the workup of unselected patients referred with suspected dementia. METHODS: We performed a two-step investigation: first, a comparative study of healthy controls and probable AD patients to test the applicability of the chosen scents (cuisine study); second, a study of consecutive patients referred to our geriatric outpatient clinic for suspected dementia with the investigating personnel blinded to the results of the Olfactory Test (blinded study)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633626/age-related-differences-in-management-and-outcomes-in-hospitalized-healthy-and-well-functioning-bacteremic-pneumococcal-pneumonia-patients-a-cohort-study
#4
Luis A Ruiz, Pedro P España, Ainhoa Gómez, Amaia Bilbao, Carmen Jaca, Amaia Arámburu, Alberto Capelastegui, Marcos I Restrepo, Rafael Zalacain
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available regarding fit and healthy patients with pneumonia at different ages. We evaluated the association of age with clinical presentation, serotype and outcomes among healthy and well-functioning patients hospitalized for bacteremic pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of consecutive healthy and well-functioning patients hospitalized for this type of pneumonia. Patients were stratified into younger (18 to 64 years) and older (≥65 years) groups...
June 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629318/the-effect-of-a-daily-application-of-a-0-05-chlorhexidine-oral-rinse-solution-on-the-incidence-of-aspiration-pneumonia-in-nursing-home-residents-a-multicenter-study
#5
Vanessa R Y Hollaar, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Claar D van der Maarel-Wierink, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Bert J M de Swart, Nico H J Creugers
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia and potential respiratory pathogens in the oral biofilm are risk factors for aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents. The aim of the study was to examine if the daily application of 0.05% chlorhexidine oral rinse solution is effective in reducing the incidence of aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents with dysphagia. Associations between background variables (age, gender, dysphagia severity, care dependency, medication use, number of medical diagnoses, teeth and dental implants, and wearing removable dentures) and the incidence of aspiration pneumonia were also examined...
June 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629315/erratum-to-life-and-living-in-advanced-age-a-cohort-study-in-new-zealand-te-pu%C3%A4-waitanga-o-nga-tapuwae-kia-ora-tonu-lilacs-nz-study-protocol
#6
Karen J Hayman, Ngaire Kerse, Lorna Dyall, Mere Kepa, Ruth Teh, Carol Wham, Valerie Wright-St Clair, Janine Wiles, Sally Keeling, Martin J Connolly, Tim J Wilkinson, Simon Moyes, Joanna B Broad, Santosh Jatrana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622764/-in-the-mood-for-ageing-determinants-of-subjective-well-being-in-older-men-and-women-of-the-population-based-kora-age-study
#7
Karoline Lukaschek, Anushiya Vanajan, Hamimatunnisa Johar, Nina Weiland, Karl-Heinz Ladwig
BACKGROUND: To investigate risk factors associated with low subjective well-being (SWB) in men and women (≥65 years) separately with a special focus on emotional distress. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among 3602 participants (50.6% women) aged 65-90 years (mean age 72.8 years, SD ± 5.8) from the population-based KORA-Age study conducted in 2008/2009. SWB was assessed using the WHO-5 well-being index (score range: 0 to 100). SWB was dichotomized into "low" (score ≤ 50) and "high" (score > 50) SWB...
June 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619010/did-online-publishers-get-it-right-using-a-naturalistic-search-strategy-to-review-cognitive-health-promotion-content-on-internet-webpages
#8
P V Hunter, M Delbaere, M E O'Connell, A Cammer, J X Seaton, T Friedrich, F Fick
BACKGROUND: One of the most common uses of the Internet is to search for health-related information. Although scientific evidence pertaining to cognitive health promotion has expanded rapidly in recent years, it is unclear how much of this information has been made available to Internet users. Thus, the purpose of our study was to assess the reliability and quality of information about cognitive health promotion encountered by typical Internet users. METHODS: To generate a list of relevant search terms employed by Internet users, we entered seed search terms in Google Trends and recorded any terms consistently used in the prior 2 years...
June 15, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599623/-reliability-of-the-norwegian-version-of-the-short-physical-performance-battery-in-older-people-with-and-without-dementia
#9
Cecilie Fromholt Olsen, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to establish the test-retest reliability of the Norwegian version of the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). METHODS: This was a cross- sectional reliability study. A convenience sample of 61 older adults with a mean age of 88.4(8.1) was tested by two different physiotherapists at two time points. The mean time interval between tests was 2.5 days. The Intraclass Correlation Coefficient model 3.1 (ICC, 3.1) with 95% confidence intervals as well as the weighted Kappa (K) were used as measures of relative reliability...
June 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592248/impact-of-poor-muscle-strength-on-clinical-and-service-outcomes-of-older-people-during-both-acute-illness-and-after-recovery
#10
Salah Gariballa, Awad Alessa
BACKGROUND: Although Low muscle strength is an important predictor of functional decline in older people, however information on its impact on clinical and service outcomes in acute care settings is still lacking. The aim of this study is to measure the impact of low muscle strength on clinical and service outcomes in older adults during both acute illness and recovery. METHODS: Randomly selected 432 hospitalised older patients had their clinical characteristics and nutritional status assessed within 72 h of admission, at 6 weeks and at 6 months...
June 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592236/prevalence-of-frailty-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-receipt-of-low-level-home-support-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-north-dublin-cohort
#11
Sara Kelly, Irene O'Brien, Karla Smuts, Maria O'Sullivan, Austin Warters
BACKGROUND: There is increasing demand for formal government funded home help services to support community-dwelling older people in Ireland, yet limited information exists on the health profiles of this group, especially regarding frailty. Our aim was to profile a large cohort of adults in receipt of low level home help and to determine the prevalence of frailty. METHODS: A total 1312 older adults, (≥ 65 years) in receipt of low level home help (< 5 h per week) were reviewed by community nurses and frailty was assessed using the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) in this cross-sectional study...
June 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592229/the-intention-of-dutch-general-practitioners-to-offer-vaccination-against-pneumococcal-disease-herpes-zoster-and-pertussis-to-people-aged-60%C3%A2-years-and-older
#12
Birthe A Lehmann, Renske Eilers, Liesbeth Mollema, José Ferreira, Hester E de Melker
BACKGROUND: Increasing life expectancy results in a larger proportion of older people susceptible to vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs). In the Netherlands, influenza vaccination is routinely offered to people aged 60 years and older. Vaccination against pneumococcal disease, herpes zoster and pertussis is rarely used. These vaccines will be evaluated by the Dutch Health Council and might be routinely offered to older people in the near future. Possible expansion of the program depends partly on the willingness of general practitioners (GPs) to endorse additional vaccinations...
June 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583122/decision-making-experiences-of-family-members-of-older-adults-with-moderate-dementia-towards-community-and-residential-care-home-services-a-grounded-theory-study-protocol
#13
Lisa Pau Le Low, Lai Wah Lam, Kim Pong Fan
BACKGROUND: Caring and supporting older people with dementia have become a major public health priority. Recent reports have also revealed a diminishing number of family carers to provide dementia care in the future. Carers who are engaged in the caring role are known to bear significant psychological, practical and economic challenges as the disease advances over time. Seemingly, evidence indicates that the burden of care can be relieved by formal services. This study aims to explore decision-making experiences of family members of older adults with moderate dementia towards the use of community support (CS) and residential care home (RCH) services...
June 5, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583070/high-risk-of-malnutrition-is-associated-with-low-muscle-mass-in-older-hospitalized-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Vincent D Pierik, Carel G M Meskers, Jeanine M Van Ancum, Siger T Numans, Sjors Verlaan, Kira Scheerman, Roeliene C Kruizinga, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition, low muscle strength and muscle mass are highly prevalent in older hospitalized patients and associated with adverse outcomes. Malnutrition may be a risk factor for developing low muscle mass. We aimed to investigate the association between the risk of malnutrition and 1) muscle strength and muscle mass at admission and 2) the change of muscle strength and muscle mass during hospitalization in older patients. METHODS: The EMPOWER study included 378 patients aged seventy years or older who were acutely or electively admitted to four different wards of an academic teaching hospital in Amsterdam...
June 5, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583069/trajectories-of-the-relationships-of-physical-activity-with-body-composition-changes-in-older-men-the-mros-study
#15
Deepika R Laddu, Peggy M Cawthon, Neeta Parimi, Andrew R Hoffman, Eric Orwoll, Iva Miljkovic, Marcia L Stefanick
BACKGROUND: Excess adiposity gains and significant lean mass loss may be risk factors for chronic disease in old age. Long-term patterns of change in physical activity (PA) and their influence on body composition decline during aging has not been characterized. We evaluated the interrelationships of PA and body composition at the outset and over longitudinal follow-up to changes in older men. METHODS: Self-reported PA by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), clinic body weight, and whole-body lean mass (LM) and fat mass, by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), were assessed in 5964 community-dwelling men aged ≥65 years at baseline (2000-2002) and at two subsequent clinic visits up until March 2009 (an average 4...
June 5, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577355/frailty-assessment-in-older-adults-using-upper-extremity-function-index-development
#16
Nima Toosizadeh, Christopher Wendel, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Edward Zamrini, Jane Mohler
BACKGROUND: Numerous multidimensional assessment tools have been developed to measure frailty; however, the clinical feasibility of these tools is limited. We previously developed and validated an upper-extremity function (UEF) assessment method that incorporates wearable motion sensors. The purpose of the current study was to: 1) cross-sectionally validate the UEF method in a larger sample in comparison with the Fried index; 2) develop a UEF frailty index to predict frailty categories including non-frail, pre-frail, and frail based on UEF parameters and demographic information, using the Fried index as the gold standard; and 3) develop a UEF continuous score (points scores for each UEF parameter and a total frailty score) based on UEF parameters and demographic information, using the Fried index as the gold standard...
June 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571563/the-design-and-development-of-a-complex-multifactorial-falls-assessment-intervention-for-falls-prevention-the-prevention-of-falls-injury-trial-prefit
#17
Julie Bruce, Shvaita Ralhan, Ray Sheridan, Katharine Westacott, Emma Withers, Susanne Finnegan, John Davison, Finbarr C Martin, Sarah E Lamb
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the design and development of a complex multifactorial falls prevention (MFFP) intervention for implementation and testing within the framework of a large UK-based falls prevention randomised controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: A complex intervention was developed for inclusion within the Prevention of Falls Injury Trial (PreFIT), a multicentre pragmatic RCT. PreFIT aims to compare the clinical and cost-effectiveness of three alternative primary care falls prevention interventions (advice, exercise and MFFP), on outcomes of fractures and falls...
June 1, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558714/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-a-multi-factorial-intervention-to-prevent-falls-in-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-living-in-residential-care-prof-cog-a-feasibility-and-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Julie Whitney, Stephen H D Jackson, Finbarr C Martin
BACKGROUND: Falls are common in people with dementia living in residential care. The ProF-Cog intervention was developed to address fall risk factors specific to this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, acceptability, and feasibility of the intervention and provide an estimate of its efficacy. METHODS: This was a cluster randomised controlled pilot study undertaken in care homes in London, UK. All permanent residents living in participating homes who were not terminally ill were invited to participate...
May 30, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558678/high-prevalence-of-sarcopenia-among-binge-drinking-elderly-women-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#19
Jun-Il Yoo, Yong-Chan Ha, Young-Kyun Lee, Hana-Choi, Moon-Jib Yoo, Kyung-Hoi Koo
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is considered a risk factor for sarcopenia, but the association between alcohol consumption and the prevalence of sarcopenia has not been evaluated in detail. This study was to identify the relationship between alcohol drinking patterns and the prevalence of sarcopenia in the elderly Korean population. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was performed using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Participants were excluded if they were under the age of 65, or if data was not available regarding skeletal muscle mass or dietary intake...
May 30, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545399/general-cognitive-status-among-baby-boomers-and-pre-boomers-in-taiwan-the-interplay-between-mid-life-socioeconomic-status-and-city-residence
#20
Chi Chiao
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to assess the interaction between mid-life socioeconomic status (SES) and city residence on the cognitive status of Baby Boomers and pre-Boomers in Taiwan, a non-Western society with a distinct cultural and family context, taking apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene polymophism and life stressors into consideration. METHODS: The data used was from the Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging Study (SEBAS) collected in Taiwan during 2006, this involved 1245 individuals from 23 communities and used multilevel regression...
May 25, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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