journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BMC Geriatrics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912740/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-an-in-home-respite-care-program-in-supporting-informal-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-design-of-a-comparative-study
#1
Sophie Vandepitte, Nele Van Den Noortgate, Koen Putman, Sofie Verhaeghe, Lieven Annemans
BACKGROUND: Frequent hospitalization and permanent nursing home placement not only affect the well-being of persons with dementia, but also place great financial strain on society. Therefore, it is important to create effective strategies to support informal caregivers so that they can continue to perform their demanding role. Preliminary qualitative evidence suggests that community-based respite services can actually be important for caregivers, and that the level of evidence should be further established in terms of effectiveness...
December 2, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912734/prevalence-and-predictive-importance-of-anemia-in-swedish-nursing-home-residents-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Björn Westerlind, Carl Johan Östgren, Sigvard Mölstad, Patrik Midlöv
BACKGROUND: Anemia is common in elderly people and especially in nursing home residents. Few studies have been performed on the consequences of anemia in a nursing home population. This study explored the prevalence of anemia in nursing homes in Sweden, including risk factors and mortality associated with anemia or hemoglobin (Hb) decline. METHODS: Three hundred ninety patients from 12 nursing homes were included during 2008-2011. Information about medication, blood samples, questionnaire responses and information about physical and social activities was recorded...
December 2, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908278/comparison-of-predictors-of-hip-fracture-and-mortality-after-hip-fracture-in-community-dwellers-with-and-without-alzheimer-s-disease-exposure-matched-cohort-study
#3
Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Heidi Taipale, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen
BACKGROUND: Dementia, with Alzheimer's disease (AD) being the most common form, is a major hip fracture risk factor, but currently it is not known whether the same factors predict hip fracture among persons with and without dementia/AD. We compared the predictors of hip fracture and mortality after hip fracture in persons with and without AD. METHODS: An exposure-matched cohort of all community-dwellers of Finland who received a new clinically verified AD diagnosis in 2005-2011 and had no history of previous hip fracture (N = 67,072) and an age, sex, and region-matched cohort of persons without AD (N = 67,072)...
December 1, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908276/changes-in-physical-functioning-among-men-and-women-aged-50-79-years-in-germany-an-analysis-of-national-health-interview-and-examination-surveys-1997-1999-and-2008-2011
#4
A K Buttery, Y Du, M A Busch, J Fuchs, B Gaertner, H Knopf, C Scheidt-Nave
BACKGROUND: This study examines changes in physical functioning among adults aged 50-79 years in Germany based on data from two German National Health Interview and Examination Surveys conducted in 1997-1999 (GNHIES98) and 2008-2011 (DEGS1). METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from the two surveys (GNHIES98, n = 2884 and DEGS1, n = 3732), we examined changes in self-reported physical functioning scores (Short Form-36 physical functioning subscale (SF-36 PF)) by sex and age groups (50-64 and 65-79 years)...
December 1, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905902/understanding-the-value-of-social-networks-in-life-satisfaction-of-elderly-people-a-comparative-study-of-16-european-countries-using-share-data
#5
Florian Tomini, Sonila M Tomini, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: Networks of family and friends are a source of support and are generally associated with higher life satisfaction values among older adults. On the other hand, older adults who are satisfied with their life may be more able to develop and maintain a wider social network. For this reason, the causal link between size and composition of the social networks and satisfaction with life is yet to be explored. This paper investigates the effect of the 'size', (number of family and friends, and network) and the 'composition' (the proportion of friends over total number of persons) of the social network on life satisfaction among older adults (50+)...
December 1, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903254/mir-96-mir-145-and-mir-9-expression-increases-and-igf-1r-and-foxo1-expression-decreases-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-aging-humans
#6
Monika Budzinska, Magdalena Owczarz, Eliza Pawlik-Pachucka, Malgorzata Roszkowska-Gancarz, Przemyslaw Slusarczyk, Monika Puzianowska-Kuznicka
BACKGROUND: In mammals, the IGF-1 pathway affects the phenotype of aging. Since the function of the immune system is modulated by IGF-1, it is plausible that immunosenescence might in part result from altered control by this pathway. We therefore examined whether the expression of IGF-1R, FOXO1, and FOXO3a in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) changes with age and if this might be due to changes in the expression of select miRNAs. METHODS: The expression of IGF-1R, FOXO1, FOXO3a, as well as of miR-9, miR-96, miR-99a, miR-132, miR-145, and miR-182 was examined in PBMC of young (27...
November 30, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903242/reliability-and-construct-validity-of-the-early-dementia-questionnaire-edq
#7
Zurraini Arabi, Syed Alwi Syed Abdul Rahman, Helmy Hazmi, Nazeefah Hamdin
BACKGROUND: Early Dementia Questionnaire (EDQ) was developed as a screening tool to detect patients with early dementia in primary care. It was developed based on 20 symptoms of dementia. From a preliminary study, EDQ had been shown to be a promising alternative for screening of early dementia. This study was done to further test on EDQ's reliability and validity. METHODS: Using a systematic random sampling, 200 elderly patients attending primary health care centers in Kuching, Sarawak had consented to participate in the study and were administered the EDQ...
November 30, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903239/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-grip-strength-and-mortality-in-older-adults-results-from-the-kora-age-study
#8
Marjan Arvandi, Barbara Strasser, Christa Meisinger, Konstantinos Volaklis, Raffaella Matteucci Gothe, Uwe Siebert, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Eva Grill, Alexander Horsch, Michael Laxy, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand
BACKGROUND: Reduced muscular strength in the old age is strongly related to activity impairment and mortality. However, studies evaluating the gender-specific association between muscularity and mortality among older adults are lacking. Thus, the objective of the present study was to examine gender differences in the association between muscular strength and mortality in a prospective population-based cohort study. METHODS: Data used in this study derived from the Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA)-Age Study...
November 30, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899065/comparison-of-self-reported-and-performance-based-measures-of-functional-ability-in-elderly-patients-in-an-emergency-department-implications-for-selection-of-clinical-outcome-measures
#9
Louise M Nielsen, Hans Kirkegaard, Lisa G Østergaard, Karina Bovbjerg, Kasper Breinholt, Thomas Maribo
BACKGROUND: Assessment of functional ability in elderly patients is often based on self-reported rather than performance-based measures. This study aims to compare self-reported and performance-based measures of functional ability in a population of elderly patients at an emergency department (ED). METHODS: Participants were 61 patients aged 65 years and above admitted to an ED. The self-reported measure used was the Barthel-20; the performance-based measures were Timed Up and Go (TUG); 30s-Chair Stand Test (30s-CST) and Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS) with the two scales; motor and process...
November 29, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894271/effectiveness-of-a-physical-exercise-intervention-program-in-improving-functional-mobility-in-older-adults-after-hip-fracture-in-later-stage-rehabilitation-protocol-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-reative-study
#10
Camila Astolphi Lima, Catherine Sherrington, Adriana Guaraldo, Suzana Albuquerque de Moraes, Renata Dos Ramos Varanda, Juliana de Araújo Melo, Kodi Edson Kojima, Monica Perracini
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures resulting from falls increase substantially with advancing age and less than half of older hip fracture survivors regain their former levels of mobility. There is increasing evidence that rehabilitation interventions with exercises that goes beyond the sub-acute phase or even in a later stage of care have a positive impact on various functional abilities. The purpose of this study is to determine if exercise program training for people who have suffered a fall-related hip fracture will improve functional mobility when compared with usual care...
November 29, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894258/multidimensional-construct-of-life-satisfaction-in-older-adults-in-korea-a-six-year-follow-up-study
#11
Hyun Ja Lim, Dae Kee Min, Lilian Thorpe, Chel Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Aging raises wide-ranging issues within social, economic, welfare, and health care systems. Life satisfaction (LS) is regarded as an indicator of quality of life which, in turn, is associated with mortality and morbidity in older adults. The objective of this study was to identify the relevant predictors of life satisfaction and to investigate changes in a multidimensional construct of LS over time. METHODS: This analysis utilized data from the large-scale, nationally representative Korean Retirement and Income Study (KReIS), a longitudinal survey conducted biennially from 2005 to 2011...
November 28, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888835/the-association-between-benzodiazepine-use-and-sleep-quality-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Lynna Chen, J Simon Bell, Renuka Visvanathan, Sarah N Hilmer, Tina Emery, Leonie Robson, Jessica M Hughes, Edwin C K Tan
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) for their sedative and anxiolytic effects. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between benzodiazepine use and sleep quality in residents of RACFs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 383 participants was conducted in six Australian RACFs. Night-time sleep quality, day-time drowsiness and day-time napping behavior were assessed using a validated questionnaire...
November 26, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887645/resource-utilisation-costs-and-clinical-outcomes-in-non-institutionalised-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-18-month-uk-results-from-the-geras-observational-study
#13
Alan Lenox-Smith, Catherine Reed, Jeremie Lebrec, Mark Belger, Roy W Jones
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD), the commonest cause of dementia, represents a significant cost to UK society. This analysis describes resource utilisation, costs and clinical outcomes in non-institutionalised patients with AD in the UK. METHODS: The GERAS prospective observational study assessed societal costs associated with AD for patients and caregivers over 18 months, stratified according to baseline disease severity (mild, moderate, or moderately severe/severe [MS/S])...
November 25, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887583/impact-of-physical-and-mental-health-on-life-satisfaction-in-old-age-a-population-based-observational-study
#14
Thomas Puvill, Jolanda Lindenberg, Antonius J M de Craen, Joris P J Slaets, Rudi G J Westendorp
BACKGROUND: It is widely assumed that poor health lowers life satisfaction when ageing. Yet, research suggests this relationship is not straightforward. This study investigated how older people evaluate their life when facing disease and disabilities. METHODS: The Leiden 85-plus Study, a prospectively followed cohort of a cohort of a middle-sized city in the Netherlands, all aged 85 years, that was age-representative of the general population, was used. Those with severe cognitive dysfunction were excluded (n = 501)...
November 25, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884131/improvement-of-pressure-ulcer-prevention-care-in-private-for-profit-residential-care-homes-an-action-research-study
#15
Enid Wy Kwong, Maria Sy Hung, Kevin Woo
BACKGROUND: A need exits to develop a protocol for preventing pressure ulcers (PUs) in private for-profit nursing homes in Hong Kong, where the incidence of PUs is relatively high and which have high proportion of non-professional care staff. The implementation of such protocol would involve changes in the practice of care, likely evoking feelings of fear and uncertainty that may become a barrier to staff adherence. We thus adopted the Systems Model of Action Research in this study to manage the process of change for improving PU prevention care and to develop a pressure ulcer prevention protocol for private for-profit nursing homes...
November 25, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884118/burden-of-clostridium-difficile-associated-disease-among-patients-residing-in-nursing-homes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Holly Yu, Onur Baser, Li Wang
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infection (CDI) is the leading cause of nosocomial diarrhea in the United States. This study aimed to examine the incidence of CDI and evaluate mortality and economic burden of CDI in an elderly population who reside in nursing homes (NHs). METHODS: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study focusing on US NHs by linking Medicare 5% sample, Medicaid, Minimum Data Set (MDS) (2008-10). NH residents aged ≥65 years with continuous enrollment in Medicare and/or Medicaid Fee-for-Service plan for ≥12 months and ≥2 quarterly MDS assessments were eligible for the study...
November 25, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881092/the-relationship-between-in-hospital-location-and-outcomes-of-care-in-patients-diagnosed-with-dementia-and-or-delirium-diagnoses-analysis-of-patient-journey
#17
Lua Perimal-Lewis, Clare Bradley, Paul H Hakendorf, Craig Whitehead, Louise Heuzenroeder, Maria Crotty
BACKGROUND: The discrepancy between the number of admissions and the allocation of hospital beds means that many patients admitted to hospital can be placed in units or wards other than that which specialise in the patient's primary health issue (home-ward). These patients are called 'outlier' patients. Risk factors and health system outcomes of hospital care for 'outlier' patients diagnosed with dementia and/or delirium are unknown. Therefore, the aim of this research was to examine patient journeys of people with dementia and/or delirium diagnoses, to identify risk factors for 'inlier' or 'outlier' status and patient or health system outcomes (consequences) of this status...
November 24, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881086/lower-extremity-resistance-training-on-unstable-surfaces-improves-proxies-of-muscle-strength-power-and-balance-in-healthy-older-adults-a-randomised-control-trial
#18
Nils Eckardt
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that both balance and resistance training have the potential to mitigate intrinsic fall risk factors in older adults. However, knowledge about the effects of simultaneously executed balance and resistance training (i.e., resistance training conducted on unstable surfaces [URT]) on lower-extremity muscle strength, power and balance in older adults is insufficient. The objective of the present study was to compare the effects of machine-based stable resistance training (M-SRT) and two types of URT, i...
November 24, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881073/bilingualism-in-older-mexican-american-immigrants-is-associated-with-higher-scores-on-cognitive-screening
#19
Claudia Padilla, Mario F Mendez, Elvira E Jimenez, Edmond Teng
BACKGROUND: Bilingualism may protect against cognitive aging and delay the onset of dementia. However, studies comparing monolinguals and bilinguals on such metrics have produced inconsistent results complicated by confounding variables and methodological concerns. METHODS: We addressed this issue by comparing cognitive performance in a more culturally homogeneous cohort of older Spanish-speaking monolingual (n = 289) and Spanish-English bilingual (n = 339) Mexican-American immigrants from the Sacramento Longitudinal Study on Aging...
November 24, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871235/development-of-the-interrai-home-care-frailty-scale
#20
John N Morris, Elizabeth P Howard, Knight R Steel
BACKGROUND: The concept of frailty, a relative state of weakness reflecting multiple functional and health domains, continues to receive attention within the geriatrics field. It offers a summary of key personal characteristics, providing perspective on an individual's life course. There have been multiple attempts to measure frailty, some focusing on physiologic losses, others on specific diseases, disabilities or health deficits. Recently, multidimensional approaches to measuring frailty have included cognition, mood and social components...
November 21, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
journal
journal
36186
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"