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BMC Geriatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769035/does-life-story-work-improve-psychosocial-well-being-for-older-adults-in-the-community-a-quasi-experimental-study
#1
Claudia K Y Lai, Ayumi Igarashi, Clare T K Yu, Kenny C W Chin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that life story work has positive effects when used on older adults. This study aimed to examine the effect of life story work on the general mental well-being, self-esteem, and life satisfaction of older adults by comparing two groups - one with and one without depressive symptoms. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was adopted in this study. One hundred and twenty-three adults aged 60 or above were recruited from community centers through convenience sampling...
May 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769029/muscle-mass-and-muscle-strength-are-associated-with-pre-and-post-hospitalization-falls-in-older-male-inpatients-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#2
Jeanine M Van Ancum, Mirjam Pijnappels, Nini H Jonkman, Kira Scheerman, Sjors Verlaan, Carel G M Meskers, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND: Low muscle mass and strength are highly prevalent in inpatients. It is acknowledged that low muscle mass and strength are associated with falls in community-dwelling older adults, but it is unknown if these muscle measures are also associated with falls in a population of older inpatients. This study aimed to investigate the association between muscle measures and pre- and post-hospitalization falls in older inpatients. METHODS: An inception cohort of patients aged 70 years and older, admitted to an academic teaching hospital, was included in this study...
May 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769023/risk-factors-for-incident-falls-in-older-men-and-women-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#3
Catharine R Gale, Leo D Westbury, Cyrus Cooper, Elaine M Dennison
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major cause of disability and death in older people, particularly women. Cross-sectional surveys suggest that some risk factors associated with a history of falls may be sex-specific, but whether risk factors for incident falls differ between the sexes is unclear. We investigated whether risk factors for incident falls differ between men and women. METHODS: Participants were 3298 people aged ≥60 who took part in the Waves 4-6 surveys of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
May 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769020/the-prevalence-and-determinants-of-polypharmacy-at-age-69-a-british-birth-cohort-study
#4
Mark James Rawle, Marcus Richards, Daniel Davis, Diana Kuh
BACKGROUND: To describe the development of polypharmacy and its components in a British birth cohort in its seventh decade and to investigate socioeconomic and gender differences independent of disease burden. METHODS: Data from the MRC National Survey for Health and Development were analysed to determine the prevalence and composition of polypharmacy at age 69 and changes since ages 60 to 64. Multinomial regression was used to test associations between gender, education and occupational social class and total, cardiological and non-cardiological polypharmacy controlling for disease burden...
May 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764380/osteoporosis-diabetes-and-hypertension-are-major-risk-factors-for-mortality-in-older-adults-an-intermediate-report-on-a-prospective-survey-of-1467-community-dwelling-elderly-healthy-pensioners-in-switzerland
#5
Jean-Pierre Gutzwiller, Jean-Pierre Richterich, Zeno Stanga, Urs E Nydegger, Lorenz Risch, Martin Risch
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is an important morbidity factor for ageing populations in developed countries. However, compared to the amount of information available on diabetes and cardiovascular disease, little is known about the direct impact of osteoporosis on general mortality in older age. METHODS: We obtained data from a prospective population-based cohort of pensioners from the SENIORLAB study who were subjectively healthy. The inclusion criteria were an age of at least 60 years and Swiss residence...
May 15, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751741/detecting-pre-death-grief-in-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-measurement-equivalence-of-the-mandarin-chinese-version-of-marwit-meuser-caregiver-grief-inventory
#6
Tau Ming Liew, Philip Yap, Nan Luo, Soo Boon Hia, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh, Bee Choo Tai
BACKGROUND: Pre-death grief (PDG) is a key challenge faced by caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD). Marwit-Meuser Caregiver Grief Inventory (MM-CGI) and its abbreviated MM-CGI-Short-Form (MM-CGI-SF) are among the few empirically-developed scales that detect PDG. However, they have not had a Mandarin-Chinese version even though Chinese-speaking populations have among the largest number of PWD. We produced a Mandarin-Chinese version of MM-CGI and evaluated whether it had equivalent scores and similar psychometric properties to the English version...
May 11, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747583/effect-of-the-wecareadvisor%C3%A2-on-family-caregiver-outcomes-in-dementia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Helen C Kales, Laura N Gitlin, Barbara Stanislawski, H Myra Kim, Katherine Marx, Molly Turnwald, Claire Chiang, Constantine G Lyketsos
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are universal and associated with multiple negative outcomes. This pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the effect of using the WeCareAdvisor, an innovative web-based tool developed to enable family caregivers to assess, manage, and track BPSD. METHODS: This RCT enrolled 57 dementia family caregivers from community and clinical settings in Ann Arbor, Michigan and Baltimore, Maryland...
May 10, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743034/glial-cell-line-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gdnf-attenuates-the-peripheral-neuromuscular-dysfunction-without-inhibiting-the-activation-of-spinal-microglia-monocyte
#8
Fei Xie, Fan Zhang, Su Min, Jingyuan Chen, Jun Yang, Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: Peripheral neuromuscular dysfunctions were found in elderly individuals, and spinal microglia/monocyte plays an important role on this process. This study aims to test whether the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) could attenuate age-related neuromuscular dysfunction by inhibiting the activation of spinal microglia/monocyte. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into an adult group and an aged group. The aged rats were intrathecally injected with normal saline (NS) and GDNF...
May 9, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743029/relationship-between-occlusal-force-and-falls-among-community-dwelling-elderly-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-correlative-study
#9
Maki Eto, Shinji Miyauchi
BACKGROUND: Falls may cause serious health conditions among older population. Fall-related physical factors are thought to be associated with occlusal conditions. However, few studies examined the relationship between occlusal force and falls. To identify the association between occlusal force and falls among community-dwelling elderly individuals in Japan, public health nurses conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study. METHODS: We performed extensive physical assessments of five items: maximum occlusal force, handgrip strength, maximal knee extensor strength, one-leg standing time with eyes open and body sway...
May 9, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743019/predictive-biomarkers-for-death-and-rehospitalization-in-comorbid-frail-elderly-heart-failure-patients
#10
Cristina Pacho, Mar Domingo, Raquel Núñez, Josep Lupón, Julio Núñez, Jaume Barallat, Pedro Moliner, Marta de Antonio, Javier Santesmases, Germán Cediel, Santiago Roura, M Cruz Pastor, Jordi Tor, Antoni Bayes-Genis
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is associated with a high rate of readmissions within 30 days post-discharge and in the following year, especially in frail elderly patients. Biomarker data are scarce in this high-risk population. This study assessed the value of early post-discharge circulating levels of ST2, NT-proBNP, CA125, and hs-TnI for predicting 30-day and 1-year outcomes in comorbid frail elderly patients with HF with mainly preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). METHODS: Blood samples were obtained at the first visit shortly after discharge (4...
May 9, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739358/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-intervention-to-improve-the-wellbeing-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-carers-study-protocol-for-care-of-people-with-dementia-in-their-environments-cope-in-the-australian-context
#11
Lindy Clemson, Kate Laver, Yun-Hee Jeon, Tracy A Comans, Justin Scanlan, Miia Rahja, Jennifer Culph, Lee-Fay Low, Sally Day, Monica Cations, Maria Crotty, Susan Kurrle, Catherine Piersol, Laura N Gitlin
BACKGROUND: There are effective non-pharmacological treatment programs that reduce functional disability and changed behaviours in people with dementia. However, these programs (such as the Care of People with dementia in their Environments (COPE) program) are not widely available. The primary aim of this study is to determine the strategies and processes that enable the COPE program to be implemented into existing dementia care services in Australia. METHODS: This study uses a mixed methods approach to test an implementation strategy...
May 9, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739343/gender-difference-in-the-effects-of-interleukin-6-on-grip-strength-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Alexandra Mikó, László Pótó, Péter Mátrai, Péter Hegyi, Nóra Füredi, András Garami, Anita Illés, Margit Solymár, Áron Vincze, Márta Balaskó, Gabriella Pár, Patrícia Sarlós, Judit Bajor, Judit Tenk, Ildikó Rostás, Erika Pétervári
BACKGROUND: Aging sarcopenia characterized by low muscle mass with low muscle strength affects men and women differently. The contribution of interleukin-6 (IL-6) to sarcopenia has been suggested based on a negative correlation between plasma IL-6 and muscle function described by some studies. However, no consensus regarding clinically relevant cut-off criteria has been reached. Another question arises whether pooling male and female data is an accurate way to determine the predictive value of IL-6 in sarcopenia...
May 8, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728069/rate-of-individuals-with-clearly-increased-radiosensitivity-rise-with-age-both-in-healthy-individuals-and-in-cancer-patients
#13
Barbara Schuster, Anna Ellmann, Theresa Mayo, Judith Auer, Matthias Haas, Markus Hecht, Rainer Fietkau, Luitpold V Distel
BACKGROUND: The question of an age dependence of individual radiosensitivity has only marginally been studied so far. Therefore, we analyzed blood samples of healthy individuals and cancer patients of different ages to determine individual radiosensitivity. METHODS: Ex vivo irradiated blood samples of 595 individuals were tested. Chromosomes 1, 2 and 4 were stained by 3-color fluorescence in situ hybridization and aberrations were analyzed. Radiosensitivity was determined by the mean breaks per metaphase (B/M)...
May 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728064/validation-of-an-automatically-generated-screening-score-for-frailty-the-care-assessment-need-can-score
#14
Jorge G Ruiz, Shivani Priyadarshni, Zubair Rahaman, Kimberly Cabrera, Stuti Dang, Willy M Valencia, Michael J Mintzer
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a state of vulnerability to stressors that is prevalent in older adults and is associated with higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare utilization. Multiple instruments are used to measure frailty; most are time-consuming. The Care Assessment Need (CAN) score is automatically generated from electronic health record data using a statistical model. The methodology for calculation of the CAN score is consistent with the deficit accumulation model of frailty. At a 95 percentile, the CAN score is a predictor of hospitalization and mortality in Veteran populations...
May 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724191/reliability-and-validity-of-two-fitness-tracker-devices-in-the-laboratory-and-home-environment-for-older-community-dwelling-people
#15
Elissa Burton, Keith D Hill, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Gill Lewin, Eileen Boyle, Erin Howie
BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of older Australians are sedentary. Fitness trackers have been popular with younger people and may encourage older adults to become more active. Older adults may have different gait patterns and as such it is important to establish whether fitness trackers are valid and reliable for this population. The aim of the study was to test the reliability and validity of two fitness trackers (Fitbit Flex and ChargeHR) by step count when worn by older adults. Reliability and validity were tested in two conditions: 1) in the laboratory using a two-minute-walk-test (2MWT) and 2) in a free-living environment...
May 3, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724172/a-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-paramedic-delivered-care-transitions-intervention-to-reduce-emergency-department-revisits
#16
Ranran Mi, Matthew M Hollander, Courtney M C Jones, Eva H DuGoff, Thomas V Caprio, Jeremy T Cushman, Amy J H Kind, Michael Lohmeier, Manish N Shah
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of community-dwelling older adults discharged from the emergency department (ED) return to an ED within 30 days, an occurrence partially resulting from poor care transitions. Prior published interventions to improve the ED-to-home transition have either lacked feasibility or effectiveness. The Care Transitions Intervention (CTI) has been validated to decrease rehospitalization among patients transitioning from the hospital to the home but has never been tested for patients transitioning from the ED to the home...
May 3, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703157/a-pathway-from-low-socioeconomic-status-to-dementia-in-japan-results-from-the-toyama-dementia-survey
#17
Nobue Nakahori, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada, Takashi Tatsuse, Hideki Kido, Michio Suzuki
BACKGROUND: The association between low socioeconomic status (SES) and dementia is reportedly mediated by lifestyle-related diseases (i.e., diabetes) in European countries and the United States; however, in Japan, the link between low SES and dementia has not been investigated. This study evaluated the possibility of a mediating role of lifestyle-related diseases in the relationship between low SES and dementia in Japan. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study design, with data from the Toyama Dementia Survey, Japan, was used...
April 27, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699495/association-between-the-gait-pattern-characteristics-of-older-people-and-their-two-step-test-scores
#18
Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Toru Ogata
BACKGROUND: The Two-Step test is one of three official tests authorized by the Japanese Orthopedic Association to evaluate the risk of locomotive syndrome (a condition of reduced mobility caused by an impairment of the locomotive organs). It has been reported that the Two-Step test score has a good correlation with one's walking ability; however, its association with the gait pattern of older people during normal walking is still unknown. Therefore, this study aims to clarify the associations between the gait patterns of older people observed during normal walking and their Two-Step test scores...
April 27, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685107/measuring-mobility-in-older-hospital-patients-with-cognitive-impairment-using-the-de-morton-mobility-index
#19
Tobias Braun, Christian Grüneberg, Christian Thiel, Ralf-Joachim Schulz
BACKGROUND: Mobility is a key outcome in older patients with cognitive impairment. The de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) is an established measure of older people's mobility that is promising for use in older patients with cognitive impairment. The aim of this study was to examine the DEMMI's psychometric properties in older patients with dementia, delirium or other cognitive impairment. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in a geriatric hospital and includes older acute medical patients with cognitive impairment indicated by a Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) score ≤ 24 points...
April 23, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678164/unmet-healthcare-needs-of-elderly-people-in-korea
#20
Yoon-Sook Kim, Jongmin Lee, Yeonsil Moon, Kyoung Jin Kim, Kunsei Lee, Jaekyung Choi, Seol-Heui Han
BACKGROUND: Elderly people often have more complicated healthcare needs than younger adults due to additional functional decline, physical illness, and psychosocial needs. Unmet healthcare needs increase illness severity, complications, and mortality. Despite this, research on the unmet healthcare needs of elderly people is limited in Korea. This study analysed the effect of functional deterioration related to aging on unmet healthcare needs based on the Korea Health Panel Study. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the 2011-2013 survey of 8666 baseline participants aged 65 years and older...
April 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
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