journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BMC Cardiovascular Disorders

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915854/medical-therapy-following-hospitalization-for-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-and-association-with-discharge-to-long-term-care-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-population
#1
Emily B Levitan, Melissa K Van Dyke, Ligong Chen, Raegan W Durant, Todd M Brown, J David Rhodes, Olusola Olubowale, Oluwole Muyiwa Adegbala, Meredith L Kilgore, Justin Blackburn, Karen C Albright, Monika M Safford
BACKGROUND: Less intensive treatment for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) may be appropriate for patients in long-term care settings because of limited life expectancy, frailty, comorbidities, and emphasis on quality of life. METHODS: We compared treatment patterns between REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study participants discharged to long-term care versus home following HFrEF hospitalizations. We examined medical records and Medicare pharmacy claims for 147 HFrEF hospitalizations among 80 participants to obtain information about discharge disposition and medication prescriptions and fills...
September 16, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915848/anemia-in-severe-heart-failure-patients-does-it-predict-prognosis
#2
Tamrat Befekadu Abebe, Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Tadesse Melaku Abegaz
BACKGROUND: Anemia is highly prevalent in heart failure (HF) patients. However, the prevalence, clinical impact and prognostic factor of anemia in heart failure patients is widely varies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of anemia in patients with HF, to compare baseline clinical characteristic and outcomes of severe HF patients with and without anemia admitted to Gondar University Referral Hospital (GURH), Gondar, Ethiopia. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study was conducted and we assessed medical records of heart failure patients who were admitted Gondar University Referral Hospital in the period between December 02, 2010 and November 30, 2016...
September 16, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915786/nutrition-in-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-continental-and-mediterranean-regions-of-croatia
#3
Jozica Sikic, Mira Stipcevic, Hrvoje Vrazic, Jasna Cerkez Habek, Eduard Margetic, Dario Gulin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this observational study was to evaluate the effect of Mediterranean and continental nutrition on cardiovascular risk in patients with acute and chronic coronary heart disease in Croatia. METHODS: The study included 1284 patients who were hospitalized in a 28-month period due to acute or chronic ischaemic heart disease in hospitals across Croatia. An individual questionnaire was prepared which enabled recording of various cardiovascular risk factors...
September 16, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903724/resting-heart-rate-and-impaired-glucose-regulation-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese-people-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
Zhen Yang, Weiwei Zhang, Lingfei Zhu, Ning Lin, Yixin Niu, Xiaoyong Li, Shuai Lu, Hongmei Zhang, Xuanchun Wang, Jie Wen, Guang Ning, Li Qin, Qing Su
BACKGROUND: Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) has been reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to explore whether a positive relationship exists between RHR and impaired glucose regulation (IGR) among middle-aged and older Chinese individuals. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis that included a total of 9898 subjects (3194 men and 6704 women) in a Chinese population. The RHRs were derived from ECG recordings, and the subjects were stratified based on RHR quartiles...
September 13, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899364/determination-of-risk-factors-affecting-the-in-hospital-prognosis-of-patients-with-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#5
Rui Wang, Biqi Mei, Xinlong Liao, Xia Lu, Lulu Yan, Man Lin, Yao Zhong, Yili Chen, Tianhui You
BACKGROUND: To determine the factors affecting the in-hospital prognosis of patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and to establish its prognostic discriminant model. METHODS: A total of 701 consecutive STEMI patients undergoing PCI were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into two groups, good prognosis and poor prognosis, based on whether the patient had adverse outcomes (death or heart function ≥ grade III) at discharge...
September 12, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899356/barriers-to-lifestyle-changes-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-survey-among-40-60-year-old-danes
#6
Jesper Bo Nielsen, Anja Leppin, Dort E Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte Ejg Jarbøl, Jens Søndergaard, Pia Veldt Larsen
BACKGROUND: Elimination of modifiable risk factors including unhealthy lifestyle has the potential for prevention of 80% of cardiovascular disease cases. The present study focuses on disclosing barriers for maintaining specific lifestyle changes by exploring associations between perceiving these barriers and various sociodemographic and health-related characteristics. METHODS: Data were collected through a web-based questionnaire survey and included 962 respondents who initially accepted treatment for a hypothetical cardiovascular risk, and who subsequently stated that they preferred lifestyle changes to medication...
September 12, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899346/one-symptom-two-arrhythmias-the-rare-and-the-even-rarer
#7
Florian Zauner, Jan-Thorben Sieweke, Stephan Hohmann, David Duncker, Christian Riehle, L Christian Napp, Ulrike Flierl, Thorben König, Christian Veltmann
BACKGROUND: Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome and idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT) are rare and up to now the coexistence of both entities has rarely been reported. In patients with ventricular preexcitation the underlying mechanism of paroxysmal tachycardia most likely is atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT). However, without ECG documentation of the tachycardia diagnosis of the underlying mechanism cannot be made due to similar clinical presentation of AVRT and ILVT...
September 12, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893175/chronic-kidney-disease-and-diabetes-associated-with-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-receiving-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#8
Mao-Jen Lin, Jung Lee, Chun-Yu Chen, Chia-Chen Huang, Han-Ping Wu
BACKGROUND: The effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) on long-term outcomes in patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unclear. METHODS: A total of 1394 patients who underwent PCI were prospectively enrolled and divided into 4 groups according to the presence or absence of DM or CKD. Baseline characteristics, risk factors, medications, and angiographic findings were compared. Determinants of long-term outcomes in patients undergoing PCI were analyzed...
September 11, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877684/medical-and-sociodemographic-factors-predict-persistent-smoking-after-coronary-events
#9
Elise Sverre, Jan Erik Otterstad, Erik Gjertsen, Lars Gullestad, Einar Husebye, Toril Dammen, Torbjørn Moum, John Munkhaugen
BACKGROUND: Understanding the determinants of persistent smoking after a coronary event constitutes the basis of modelling interventions of smoking cessation in secondary prevention programs. We aim to identify the potentially modifiable medical, sociodemographic and psychosocial factors, comprising the study factors, associated with unfavourable risk factor control after CHD events. METHODS: A cross-sectional explorative study used logistic regression analysis to investigate the association between study factors and smoking status in 1083 patients hospitalized with myocardial infarction and/or coronary revascularization...
September 6, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877676/long-term-outcomes-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-versus-stent-pci-for-unprotected-left-main-disease-a-meta-analysis
#10
Salvatore De Rosa, Alberto Polimeni, Jolanda Sabatino, Ciro Indolfi
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has traditionally represented the standard of care for left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. However, percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation (PCI) has more recently emerged as a valuable alternative. The long-time awaited results of the largest randomized trials on the long-term impact of PCI versus CABG in LMCA disease, the newly published NOBLE and EXCEL studies, revealed contrasting results. Thus, aim of the present meta-analysis was to review the most robust evidence from randomized comparisons of CABG versus PCI for revascularization of LMCA...
September 6, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874133/sildenafil-dosed-concomitantly-with-bosentan-for-adult-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Carmine Dario Vizza, Pavel Jansa, Simon Teal, Theresa Dombi, Duo Zhou
BACKGROUND: Few controlled clinical trials exist to support oral combination therapy in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS: Patients with PAH (idiopathic [IPAH] or associated with connective tissue disease [APAH-CTD]) taking bosentan (62.5 or 125 mg twice daily at a stable dose for ≥3 months) were randomized (1:1) to sildenafil (20 mg, 3 times daily; n = 50) or placebo (n = 53). The primary endpoint was change from baseline in 6-min walk distance (6MWD) at week 12, assessed using analysis of covariance...
September 6, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874129/comparative-effectiveness-of-rivaroxaban-versus-warfarin-or-dabigatran-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Faye L Norby, Lindsay G S Bengtson, Pamela L Lutsey, Lin Y Chen, Richard F MacLehose, Alanna M Chamberlain, Ian Rapson, Alvaro Alonso
BACKGROUND: Rivaroxaban is an oral anticoagulant approved in the US for prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). We determined the effectiveness and associated risks of rivaroxaban versus other oral anticoagulants in a large real-world population. METHODS: We selected NVAF patients initiating oral anticoagulant use in 2010-2014 enrolled in MarketScan databases. Rivaroxaban users were matched with warfarin and dabigatran users by age, sex, enrolment date, anticoagulant initiation date, and high-dimensional propensity score...
September 6, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870153/myocardial-infarction-during-anaphylaxis-in-a-young-healthy-male-with-normal-coronary-arteries-is-epinephrine-the-culprit
#13
W D Jayamali, H M M T B Herath, Aruna Kulathunga
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is an acute, potentially fatal medical emergency. Myocardial injury or infarction in the setting of an anaphylaxis can be due the anaphylaxis itself, when it is known as Kounis syndrome or it can also be due to the effect of epinephrine treatment. Epinephrine is considered as the cornerstone in management of anaphylaxis. Myocardial infarction secondary to therapeutic doses of adrenaline is a rare occurrence and only a few cases have been reported in literature...
September 4, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865440/adherence-and-outcomes-to-direct-oral-anticoagulants-among-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-findings-from-the-veterans-health-administration
#14
Ryan T Borne, Colin O'Donnell, Mintu P Turakhia, Paul D Varosy, Cynthia A Jackevicius, Lucas N Marzec, Frederick A Masoudi, Paul L Hess, Thomas M Maddox, P Michael Ho
BACKGROUND: The direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) reduce the risk of stroke in moderate to high-risk patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Yet, concerns remain regarding its routine use in real world practice. We sought to describe adherence patterns and the association between adherence and outcomes to the DOACs among outpatients with AF. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients in the VA Healthcare System who initiated pharmacotherapy with dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or apixaban between November 2010 and January 2015 for non-valvular AF with CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥ 2...
September 2, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865437/the-top-tertile-of-hematocrit-change-during-hospitalization-is-associated-with-lower-risk-of-mortality-in-acute-heart-failure-patients
#15
Haobin Zhou, Tianyu Xu, Yuli Huang, Qiong Zhan, Xingfu Huang, Qingchun Zeng, Dingli Xu
BACKGROUND: Hemoconcentration has been proposed as surrogate for changes in volume status among patients hospitalized with acute heart failure (AHF) and is associated with a favorable outcome. However, there is a dearth of research assessing the clinical outcomes of hospitalized patients with hemoconcentration, hemodilution and unchanged volume status. METHODS: We enrolled 510 consecutive patients hospitalized for AHF from April 2011 to July 2015. Hematocrit (HCT) levels were measured at admission and either at discharge or on approximately the seventh day of admission...
September 2, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836953/efficacy-and-safety-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-aortic-stenosis-patients-at-low-to-moderate-surgical-risk-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis
#16
Ahmed Elmaraezy, Ammar Ismail, Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Moutaz Eltoomy, Soha Saad, Ahmed Negida, Osama Mahmoud Abdelaty, Ahmed Ramadan Abdallah, Ahmed Magdy Aboelfotoh, Hossam Mahmoud Hassan, Aya Gamal Elmaraezy, Mahmoud Morsi, Farah Althaher, Moath Althaher, Ammar M AlSafadi
BACKGROUND: Recently, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has become the procedure of choice in high surgical risk patients with aortic stenosis (AS). However, its value is still debated in operable AS cases. We performed this meta-analysis to compare the safety and efficacy of TAVR to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in low-to-moderate surgical risk patients with AS. METHODS: A systematic search of five authentic databases retrieved 11 eligible studies (20,056 patients)...
August 24, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836952/pr-interval-prolongation-in-coronary-patients-or-risk-equivalent-excess-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-and-vascular-pathophysiological-insights
#17
Yap-Hang Chan, Jo Jo Hai, Kui-Kai Lau, Sheung-Wai Li, Chu-Pak Lau, Chung-Wah Siu, Kai-Hang Yiu, Hung-Fat Tse
BACKGROUND: Whether PR prolongation independently predicts new-onset ischemic events of myocardial infarction and stroke was unclear. Underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of PR prolongation leading to adverse cardiovascular events were poorly understood. We investigated the role of PR prolongation in pathophysiologically-related adverse cardiovascular events and underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We prospectively investigated 597 high-risk cardiovascular outpatients (mean age 66 ± 11 yrs...
August 24, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836949/2-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-predicts-severe-coronary-artery-disease-in-women-with-normal-left-ventricular-function-a-case-control-study
#18
Ryan T Hubbard, Maria C Arciniegas Calle, Sergio Barros-Gomes, Joyce A Kukuzke, Patricia A Pellikka, Rajiv Gulati, Hector R Villarraga
BACKGROUND: Women who have coronary artery disease (CAD) often present with atypical symptoms that may lead to misdiagnosis. We assessed strain, systolic strain rate and left ventricular dyssynchrony with 2- dimensional- speckle tracking echocardiography to evaluate its use as a non-invasive method for detecting CAD in women with normal ejection fraction compared with healthy women controls with a normal angiogram. METHODS: We included 35 women with CAD confirmed by coronary angiography and a positive exercise stress echocardiography and 35 women in a control group with a low pretest probability of CAD, normal angiogram and a normal stress echocardiography with normal EF...
August 24, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836946/persistence-with-antihypertensives-in-uncomplicated-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-very-elderly-patients-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#19
Kyung Hee Choi, Yun Mi Yu, Young-Mi Ah, Min Jung Chang, Ju-Yeun Lee
BACKGROUND: Limited studies have evaluated the medication-taking behavior in very elderly hypertensive patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the persistence and adherence with antihypertensive agents in treatment-naïve patients, along with other related factors, according to age. METHODS: Adult (19-64 years), elderly (65-79 years), and very elderly (≥80 years) uncomplicated hypertensive patients starting antihypertensive monotherapy were identified from the National Health Insurance claims database...
August 24, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835229/does-dapagliflozin-regress-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-study
#20
Alexander J M Brown, Chim Lang, Rory McCrimmon, Allan Struthers
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes have a two to fourfold increased risk for development of and death from cardiovascular disease [CVD]. The current oral hypoglycaemic agents result in limited reduction in this cardiovascular risk. Sodium glucose linked co-transporter type 2 [SGLT2] inhibitors are a relatively new class of antidiabetic agent that have been shown to have potential cardiovascular benefits. In support of this, the EMPA-REG trial showed a striking 38% and 35% reduction in cardiovascular mortality and heart failure [HF] hospitalisation respectively...
August 23, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
journal
journal
36180
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"