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BMC Plant Biology

Zhongwu Wang, Lina Xie, Chelse M Prather, Hongyu Guo, Guodong Han, Chengcang Ma
BACKGROUND: The reasons that clonal plants shift between sexual and clonal reproduction have persisted as a knowledge gap in ecological literature. We hypothesized that clonal plants' shifts between sexual and clonal reproduction in different environments are driven by the relative costs of sexual and clonal reproduction. Moreover, we hypothesized plants prioritize sexual reproduction over clonal reproduction. To test these hypotheses, we determined the costs of sexual and clonal reproduction, and proportions of sexual and clonal reproduction of Caragana stenophylla along a climatic aridity gradient (semi-arid, arid, very arid and intensively arid zones) in the Inner Mongolia Steppe using several complementary field experiments...
May 22, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Peta-Gaye Gillian Burnett, Lester Warren Young, Clara Marisa Olivia, Pramodkumar Dinkar Jadhav, Denis Paskal Okinyo-Owiti, Martin John Tarsisius Reaney
BACKGROUND: Flaxseed orbitides are homodetic plant cyclic peptides arising from ribosomal synthesis and post-translation modification (N to C cyclization), and lacking cysteine double bonds (Nat Prod Rep 30:108-160, 2013). Screening for orbitide composition was conducted on the flax core collection (FCC) grown at both Saskatoon, Saskatchewan and Morden, Manitoba over three growing seasons (2009-2011). Two flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) accessions 'Hollandia' (CN 98056) and 'Z 11637' (CN 98150) produce neither [1-9-NαC]-linusorb B2 (3) nor [1-9-NαC]-linusorb B3 (1)...
May 21, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Binay Bhushan Panda, Sudhanshu Sekhar, Sushant Kumar Dash, Lamboder Behera, Birendra Prasad Shaw
BACKGROUND: Poor filling of grains in the basal spikelets of large size panicles bearing numerous spikelets has been a major limitation in attempts to increase the rice production to feed the world's increasing population. Considering that biotechnological intervention could play important role in overcoming this limitation, the role of cytokinin in grain filling was investigated based on the information on cell proliferating potential of the hormone and reports of its high accumulation in immature seeds...
May 21, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Marco Cirilli, Daniela Giovannini, Angelo Ciacciulli, Remo Chiozzotto, Stefano Gattolin, Laura Rossini, Alessandro Liverani, Daniele Bassi
BACKGROUND: Texture is one of the most important fruit quality attributes. In peach, stony hard (SH) is a recessive monogenic trait (hd/hd) that confers exceptionally prolonged firm flesh to fully ripe fruit. Previous studies have shown that the SH mutation affects the fruit ability to synthesize appropriate amounts of indol-3-acetic acid (IAA), which orchestrates the ripening processes through the activation of system 2 ethylene pathway. Allelic variation in a TC microsatellite located within the first intron of PpYUC11-like (a YUCCA-like auxin-biosynthesis gene) has been recently proposed as the causal mutation of the SH phenotype...
May 18, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Wei Wang, Xue-Mei Zhou, Han-Xian Xiong, Wan-Ying Mao, Peng Zhao, Meng-Xiang Sun
BACKGROUND: Papain-like and legumain-like proteases are proteolytic enzymes which play key roles in plant development, senescence and defense. The activities of proteases in both families could be inhibited by a group of small proteins called cystatin. Cystatin family genes have been well characterized both in tobacco and rice, suggesting their potential roles in seed development. However, their potential targets, papain-like and legumain-like proteases, have not been well characterized in plants, especially in rice, a model plant for cereal biology...
May 15, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Wenshu Kang, Xiaofeng Zhu, Yuanyuan Wang, Lijie Chen, Yuxi Duan
BACKGROUND: Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is the most devastating pathogen of soybean. Our previous study showed that the plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Bacillus simplex strain Sneb545 promotes soybean resistance to SCN. Here, we conducted a combined metabolomic and transcriptomic analysis to gain information regarding the biological mechanism of defence enhancement against SCN in Sneb545-treated soybean. To this end, we compared the transcriptome and metabolome of Sneb545-treated and non-treated soybeans under SCN infection...
May 11, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Zsolt Szűcs, Tamás Plaszkó, Zoltán Cziáky, Attila Kiss-Szikszai, Tamás Emri, Regina Bertóti, László Tamás Sinka, Gábor Vasas, Sándor Gonda
BACKGROUND: The health of plants is heavily influenced by the intensively researched plant microbiome. The microbiome has to cope with the plant's defensive secondary metabolites to survive and develop, but studies that describe this interaction are rare. In the current study, we describe interactions of endophytic fungi with a widely researched chemical defense system, the glucosinolate - myrosinase - isothiocyanate system. The antifungal isothiocyanates are also of special interest because of their beneficial effects on human consumers...
May 9, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Yunqing Cheng, Yuchu Zhang, Chunming Liu, Pengfei Ai, Jianfeng Liu
BACKGROUND: Hazel (Corylus spp.) exhibits ovary differentiation and development that is initiated from the ovary primordium after pollination, conferring the plant with a unique delayed fertilization. Failure of development of the ovary and ovule after pollination can lead to ovary abortion and blank fruit formation, respectively, with consequent yield loss. However, the genes involved in ovary and ovule differentiation and development are largely unknown. RESULTS: In unpollinated pistillate inflorescences (stage F), the stigma shows an extension growth pattern...
May 9, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Hayoung Song, Hankuil Yi, Myungjin Lee, Ching-Tack Han, Jeongyeo Lee, HyeRan Kim, Jong-In Park, Ill-Sup Nou, Sun-Ju Kim, Yoonkang Hur
BACKGROUND: Water-soluble anthocyanin pigments are important ingredients in health-improving supplements and valuable for the food industry. Although great attention has been paid to the breeding and production of crops containing high levels of anthocyanin, genetic variation in red or purple cabbages (Brassica oleracea var. capitata F. rubra) has not yet been characterized at the molecular level. In this study, we identified the mechanism responsible for the establishment of purple color in cabbages...
May 8, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Weibo Ren, Jihong Xie, Xiangyang Hou, Xiliang Li, Huiqin Guo, Ningning Hu, Lingqi Kong, Jize Zhang, Chun Chang, Zinian Wu
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to reveal potential molecular mechanisms of long-term overgrazing-induced dwarfism in sheepgrass (Leymus chinensis). METHODS: An electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry system was used to generate proteomic data of dwarf sheepgrass from a long-term overgrazed rangeland and normal sheepgrass from a long-term enclosed rangeland. Differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) between dwarf and normal sheepgrass were identified, after which their potential functions and interactions with each other were predicted...
May 8, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Mingku Zhu, Xiaoqing Meng, Jing Cai, Ge Li, Tingting Dong, Zongyun Li
BACKGROUND: Basic region/leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors perform as crucial regulators in ABA-mediated stress response in plants. Nevertheless, the functions for most bZIP family members in tomato remain to be deciphered. RESULTS: Here we examined the functional characterization of SlbZIP1 under salt and drought stresses in tomato. Silencing of SlbZIP1 in tomato resulted in reduced expression of multiple ABA biosynthesis- and signal transduction-related genes in transgenic plants...
May 8, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Jun Tominaga, Yasutoshi Nakahara, Daisuke Horikawa, Ayumi Tanaka, Maki Kondo, Yasuhiro Kamei, Tsuneaki Takami, Wataru Sakamoto, Kazutoshi Unno, Atsushi Sakamoto, Hiroshi Shimada
BACKGROUND: Chlorophyll breakdown is the most obvious sign of leaf senescence. The chlorophyll catabolism pathway and the associated proteins/genes have been identified in considerable detail by genetic approaches combined with stay-green phenotyping. Arabidopsis CYO1 (AtCYO1), a protein disulfide reductase/isomerase localized in the thylakoid membrane, is hypothesized to assemble the photosystem by interacting with cysteine residues of the subunits. RESULTS: In this study, we report that ectopic overexpression of AtCYO1 in leaves induces a stay-green phenotype during darkness, where oxidative conditions favor catabolism...
May 4, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Minghui Wang, Weihua Zhao, Lei Gao, Lingxia Zhao
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in multiple biological processes in both mammals and plants. There is growing evidence that they are associated with development; but their expression and regulation during fruit ripening in the model plant tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) has yet to be described. RESULTS: Following integration of 134 RNA-seq data sets, we identified 79,322 putative lncRNAs, consisting of 70,635 lincRNAs, 8085 antisense non-coding RNAs (ancRNAs) and 602 sense lncRNAs (slncRNAs)...
May 4, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Jiarui Zhang, Fei Wang, Fang Liang, Yanjun Zhang, Lisong Ma, Haiyan Wang, Daqun Liu
BACKGROUND: Plants have evolved multifaceted defence mechanisms to resist pathogen infection. Production of the pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins in response to pathogen attack has been implicated in plant disease resistance specialized in systemic-acquired resistance (SAR). Our earlier studies have reported that a full length TaLr35PR5 gene, encoding a protein exhibiting amino acid and structural similarity to a sweet protein thaumatin, was isolated from wheat near-isogenic line TcLr35...
May 4, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Wenqiang Fan, Gentu Ge, Yinghao Liu, Wei Wang, Liying Liu, Yushan Jia
BACKGROUND: Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is one of the most important forage resources in the world due to its high nutritive value. However, its nutritional quality decreases during the transition from budding to flowering. Previous research revealed a decreased crude protein content and increased fibre content in alfalfa forage harvested at later maturity stages, leading to a reduction in nutritional quality. However, the reasons for this phenomenon have not been explained at the molecular level...
May 4, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Chao Zhang, Gaijuan Tang, Xi Peng, Fengli Sun, Shudong Liu, Yajun Xi
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in plant growth and stress responses. Studies of lncRNAs in non-model plants are quite limited, especially those investigating multiple dehydration stresses. In this study, we identified novel lncRNAs and analyzed their functions in dehydration stress memory in switchgrass, an excellent biofuel feedstock and soil-conserving plant in the Gramineae family. RESULTS: We analyzed genome-wide transcriptional profiles of leaves of 5-week-old switchgrass plantlets grown via tissue culture after primary and secondary dehydration stresses (D1 and D2) and identified 16,551 novel lncRNAs, including 4554 annotated lncRNAs (targeting 3574 genes), and 11,997 unknown lncRNAs...
May 4, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Nazeer Fataftah, Christina Mohr, Mohammad-Reza Hajirezaei, Nicolaus von Wirén, Klaus Humbeck
BACKGROUND: Low availability of nitrogen (N) severely affects plant growth at different levels, which can be reverted by the resupply of N. To unravel the critical steps in primary metabolism underlying the growth adjustment in response to changes in N availability, transcriptomic and comprehensive metabolite analyses were performed in barley using primary leaves at early and later stages of N deprivation, and after N resupply to N-deficient plants. RESULT: N deficiency in leaves caused differential regulation of 1947 genes, mostly belonging to the functional classes photosynthesis, cell wall degradation, lipid degradation, amino acid degradation, transcription factors, phytohormone metabolism and receptor-like kinases...
May 4, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Cheng-Gang Ren, Cun-Cui Kong, Zhi-Hong Xie
BACKGROUND: Strigolactones (SLs) are considered to be a novel class of phytohormone involved in plant defense responses. Currently, their relationships with other plant hormones, such as abscisic acid (ABA), during responses to salinity stress are largely unknown. RESULTS: In this study, the relationship between SL and ABA during the induction of H2 O2 - mediated tolerance to salt stress were studied in arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) Sesbania cannabina seedlings. The SL levels increased after ABA treatments and decreased when ABA biosynthesis was inhibited in AM plants...
May 3, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Wenqiang Fan, Mengyao Zhao, Suxin Li, Xue Bai, Jia Li, Haowei Meng, Zixin Mu
Following publication of the original article [1], a reader spotted that the article appears to have some misplaced/duplicated figures. In particular, Fig. 5a and Fig. 6a appear to be identical, and do not match what is written in the text. The authors apologized for this oversight and supplied the original pictures, which are reproduced below.
April 30, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Rihito Takisawa, Tetsuya Nakazaki, Tsukasa Nunome, Hiroyuki Fukuoka, Keiko Kataoka, Hiroki Saito, Tsuyoshi Habu, Akira Kitajima
BACKGROUND: Parthenocarpy is a desired trait in tomato because it can overcome problems with fruit setting under unfavorable environmental conditions. A parthenocarpic tomato cultivar, 'MPK-1', with a parthenocarpic gene, Pat-k, exhibits stable parthenocarpy that produces few seeds. Because 'MPK-1' produces few seeds, seedlings are propagated inefficiently via cuttings. It was reported that Pat-k is located on chromosome 1. However, the gene had not been isolated and the relationship between the parthenocarpy and low seed set in 'MPK-1' remained unclear...
April 27, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
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