Read by QxMD icon Read

BMC Pediatrics

Joanna Granich, Alena Dass, Margherita Busacca, Dennis Moore, Angelika Anderson, Svetha Venkatesh, Thi Duong, Pratibha Vellanki, Amanda Richdale, David Trembath, Darin Cairns, Wendy Marshall, Tania Rodwell, Madeleine Rayner, Andrew J O Whitehouse
BACKGROUND: Evidence for early intensive behavioural interventions (EIBI) by therapists as an effective treatment for children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is growing. High-intensity and sustained delivery of quality EIBI is expensive. The TOBY (Therapy Outcomes by You) Playpad is an App-based platform delivering EIBI to facilitate learning for young children with ASD, while enabling parents to become co-therapists. Intervention targets include increasing joint attention, imitation and communication of children with ASD...
October 19, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Shujun Wang, Dawei Li, Chuanan Shen, Jiake Chai, Hongjuan Zhu, Yanlu Lin, Congying Liu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the epidemiological characteristics of pediatric burns in Beijing City. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of pediatric patients (n = 400) admitted to four burn centers in Beijing City between June 2010 and May 2011. Burn severity was determined according to total body surface area (TBSA) percentage and degree. Patients were followed up for one year. Multivariate analyses were carried out to determine the factors (burn etiology, time and place of injury, living conditions, hospital type, first-aid treatment methods, and parent/guardian knowledge of burns, educational level, occupation) affecting burn properties (severity and pigmentation/scar)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Elisabet Rodby-Bousquet, Ginny Paleg, Jackie Casey, Alicja Wizert, Roslyn Livingstone
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of understanding of the factors that influence independent mobility and participation in meaningful activities. The purpose of this study was to analyse physical factors influencing independent use of manual and power wheelchairs in a total population of children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: A cross-sectional study based on the most recent examination of all children with CP, born 2002-2013, reported into the Swedish cerebral palsy registry (CPUP), from January 2012 to June 2014...
October 10, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Sezin Unal, Ebru Ergenekon, Selma Aktas, Serdar Beken, Nilgun Altuntas, Ebru Kazanci, Ferit Kulali, Ibrahim M Hirfanoglu, Esra Onal, Canan Turkyilmaz, Esin Koc, Yildiz Atalay
BACKGROUND: Perfusion index (PI) is becoming a part of clinical practice in neonatology to monitor peripheral perfusion noninvasively. Hemodynamic and respiratory changes occur in newborns during the transition period after birth in which peripheral perfusion may be affected. Tachypnea is a frequent symptom during this period. While some tachypneic newborns get well in less than 6 h and diagnosed as "delayed transition", others get admitted to intensive care unit which transient tachypnea of newborn (TTN) being the most common diagnosis among them...
October 7, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Anna Wiernicka, Małgorzata Matuszczyk, Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz, Ewa Toporowska-Kowalska, Katarzyna Popińska, Urszula Chlebowczyk-Grzybowska, Ewa Hapyn, Jarosław Kierkuś
BACKGROUND: The appropriate time to initiate enteral nutrition after the placement of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube has been an area of limited research. There are no sufficient randomised prospective controlled trials in the paediatric population comparing the safety and tolerance of early feeding (3 h) after PEG placement. In order to reduce the period of fasting, inadequate nutritional support, and hospitalisation time, we decided to devise this study. METHODS/DESIGN: This study is a multicentre, randomised, open-label trial designed to evaluate the tolerance and safety of early enteral nutrition after PEG placement in children...
October 7, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Pei-Lin Wang, Shih-Yen Chen, Chi-Neu Tsai, Hsun-Ching Chao, Ming-Wei Lai, Yi-Jung Chang, Chyi-Liang Chen, Cheng-Hsun Chiu
BACKGROUND: Norovirus (NoV) GII.4 is the most common genotype for norovirus gastroenteritis worldwide. New variants or subgenotypes are continuously emerging, thus posing a serious threat to child health. METHODS: We compared retrospectively the clinical manifestations and complications of norovirus gastroenteritis in children from April, 2004 through December, 2012. NoV variants were analyzed to investigate the association of circulating viral strains with the complications...
October 5, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Hui Pan, Binglin Cui, Yuanchun Huang, Jiacai Yang, William Ba-Thein
BACKGROUND: Nasal colonization with bacterial pathogens is associated with risk of invasive respiratory tract infections, but the related information for Chinese healthy children is scarce. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with healthy children from 6 kindergartens in the Chaoshan region, southern China during 2011-2012. Nasal swabs were examined for five common bacterial pathogens: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Staphylococcus aureus...
September 30, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Abdul Razak Nurliyana, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Mohd Nasir Mohd Taib, Wan Ying Gan, Kit-Aun Tan
BACKGROUND: The first 2 years of life is a critical period of rapid growth and brain development. During this period, nutrition and environmental factors play important roles in growth and cognitive development of a child. This report describes the study protocol of early nutrition, growth and cognitive development of infants from birth to 2 years of age. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study of mothers and infants recruited from government health clinics in Seremban district in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia...
September 29, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Catherine G Sutcliffe, Donald M Thea, Philip Seidenberg, James Chipeta, Lawrence Mwananyanda, Somwe Wa Somwe, Julie Duncan, Magdalene Mwale, Justin Mulindwa, Musaku Mwenechenya, Rasa Izadnegahdar, William J Moss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Jae Hong Park, Ju-Hee Seo, Young-Seoub Hong, Yu-Mi Kim, Je-Wook Kang, Jae-Ho Yoo, Hee Won Chueh, Jung Hyun Lee, Min Jung Kwak, Jeongseon Kim, Hae Dong Woo, Dong Woo Kim, Young Rong Bang, Byeong Moo Choe
BACKGROUND: Because the developing brain of a child is vulnerable to environmental toxins, even very low concentration of neurotoxin can affect children's neurodevelopment. Lead is a neurotoxic heavy metal which has the harmful effect on the striatal-frontal circuit of brain. This area of the brain is known to be closely related to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) pathophysiology. The primary objective of the present study was to investigate whether elevated blood lead concentration is a risk factor for ADHD...
September 22, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Kang An, Ying Wang, Biru Li, Changying Luo, Jianmin Wang, Chengjuan Luo, Jing Chen
BACKGROUND: There are many studies about the prognosis and possible predictive factors of mortality for pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients requiring pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) treatment, but the related study in China is lacking. This study investigates the data of these special patients in our center. METHODS: This retrospective analysis is based on data from bone marrow center and PICU of our hospital. A total of 302 patients received allogeneic HSCT from January 2000 to December 2012, 29 of them were admitted to PICU because of various complications developed after transplantation...
August 20, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Kentaro Ouchi, Kazuna Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: Reportedly, administration of hypotonic fluids containing 30.8-74 mEq/L sodium with 5 % glucose may lead to serious hyponatremia or hyperglycemia. In Japan, hypotonic fluids containing 90 mEq/L sodium with 2.6 % glucose are commonly used. We compared blood electrolyte balance and blood glucose concentration with the use of isotonic (140 mEq/L sodium with 1 % glucose) versus hypotonic fluids in pediatric patients. METHODS: We studied 77 children aged 5 months to 2 years who underwent oro-maxillofacial surgery and dental treatment under general anesthesia...
July 27, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Vytautas Usonis, Teresa Jackowska, Sigita Petraitiene, Alicja Sapala, Andrea Neculau, Izabella Stryjewska, Raghavendra Devadiga, Monica Tafalla, Katsiaryna Holl
BACKGROUND: Although acute otitis media (AOM) remains a major public health problem worldwide and brings economic burden on health care system and caregivers, little information is available about its epidemiology in Eastern Europe. METHODS: We conducted an epidemiological, prospective, observational, multi-centre cohort study (NCT01365390) in five East European countries (Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovenia) between June 2011 and January 2013 to determine the incidence and clinical characteristics of AOM among children aged < 6 years during 1 year...
July 26, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Ashish Kc, Mats Målqvist, Nisha Rana, Linda Jarawka Ranneberg, Ola Andersson
BACKGROUND: Delayed cord clamping at birth has shown to benefit neonates with increased placental transfusion leading to higher haemoglobin concentrations, additional iron stores and less anaemia later in infancy, higher red blood cell flow to vital organs and better cardiopulmonary adaptation. As iron deficiency in infants even without anaemia has been associated with impaired development, delayed cord clamping seems to benefit full term infants also in regions with a relatively low prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia...
March 10, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
David S Saleh, Sarah Lawrence, Michael T Geraghty, Patricia H Gallego, Karen McAssey, Diane K Wherrett, Pranesh Chakraborty
BACKGROUND: In thyroid-stimulating-hormone (TSH)-based newborn congenital hypothyroidism (CH) screening programs, the optimal screening-TSH cutoff level is critical to ensuring that true cases of CH are not missed. Screening-TSH results can also be used to predict the likelihood of CH and guide appropriate clinical management. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the predictive value of various screening-TSH levels in predicting a diagnosis of CH in the Ontario Newborn Screening Program (ONSP)...
February 2, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Christoph E Schwarz, Antonio Preusche, Winfried Baden, Christian F Poets, Axel R Franz
BACKGROUND: The hemodynamically relevant patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants is not well defined. Different clinical and echocardiographic parameters are used and the diagnostic accuracy is unknown because of the lack of a gold standard definition. Our study evaluates the inter-observer repeatability of echocardiographic and Doppler-ultrasound parameters. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 19 very low birth weight preterm infants (median [interquartile range]: gestational age 28...
January 26, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Michael Khoury, Cedric Manlhiot, Don Gibson, Nita Chahal, Karen Stearne, Stafford Dobbin, Brian W McCrindle
BACKGROUND: Universal screening of children for dyslipidemia and other cardiovascular risk factors has been recommended. Given the clustering of cardiovascular risk factors within families, one benefit of screening adolescents may be to identify "at-risk" families in which adult members might also be at elevated risk and potentially benefit from medical evaluation. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of grade 9 students evaluating adiposity, lipids and blood pressure...
January 21, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Sarah Bérubé, Florine Mouillard, Claudine Amesse, Serge Sultan
BACKGROUND: In pediatric hemophilia, caregivers are facing unique challenges to adherence and self-care in children and adolescents with hemophilia. Hemophilia treatment requires adequate prophylaxis and on-demand treatment, as well as a clear behavioral strategy to limit risk-taking in terms of physical exercise and diet. Medication adherence rates of hemophilia patients have been reported to decrease during late childhood and adolescence. In the developing child, moving safely from parent-care to self-care is one of the greatest challenges of integrative care within this domain...
January 11, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Aditi Lohan, Amy E Mitchell, Ania Filus, Kate Sofronoff, Alina Morawska
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes is a serious, life-long condition which causes major health, social and economic burden for children, their families and the community. Diabetes management involves strict adherence to a complex regimen, and poor management and non-adherence are a persistent problem among children. Parent-child interactions and parenting have been identified as crucial points of intervention to support children's health and emotional well-being, yet few parenting interventions have been developed or evaluated for parents of young children...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Eduardo Jorge da Fonseca Lima, Maria Júlia Gonçalves Mello, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque, Maria Isabella Londres Lopes, George Henrique Cordeiro Serra, Debora Ellen Pessoa Lima, Jailson Barros Correia
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia plays an important role in children's morbidity and mortality. In Brazil, epidemiological and social changes occurred concomitantly with the universal introduction of the 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. This study identified risk factors for pneumonia following the implementation of a pneumococcal vaccination program. METHODS: A hospital-based, case-control study involving incident cases of pneumonia in children aged 1-59 months was conducted between October 2010 and September 2013 at a tertiary hospital in northeastern Brazil...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"