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BMC Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788928/residents-breastfeeding-knowledge-comfort-practices-and-perceptions-results-of-the-breastfeeding-resident-education-study-brest
#1
Elizabeth Esselmont, Katherine Moreau, Mary Aglipay, Catherine M Pound
BACKGROUND: Physicians have a significant impact on new mothers' breastfeeding practices. However, physicians' breastfeeding knowledge is suboptimal. This knowledge deficit could be the result of limited breastfeeding education in residency. This study aimed to explore pediatric residents' breastfeeding knowledge, comfort level, clinical practices, and perceptions. It also investigated the level and type of education residents receive on breastfeeding and their preferences for improving it...
May 22, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788917/parental-reported-allergic-disorders-and-emergency-department-presentations-for-allergy-in-the-first-five-years-of-life-a-longitudinal-birth-cohort
#2
Gerben Keijzers, Amy Sweeny, Julia Crilly, Norm Good, Cate M Cameron, Gabor Mihala, Rani Scott, Paul A Scuffham
BACKGROUND: To measure rates of parental-report of allergic disorders and ED presentations for allergic disorders in children, and to describe factors associated with either. METHODS: An existing cohort of 3404 children born between 2006 and 2011 (Environments for Healthy Living) with prospectively collected pre-natal, perinatal and follow-up data were linked to i) nationwide Medicare and pharmaceutical data and ii) Emergency Department (ED) data from four hospitals in Australia...
May 22, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776347/stabilization-of-the-obesity-epidemic-and-increasing-thinness-in-children-in-caribbean-bonaire
#3
Joana Kist-van Holthe, Tirza Blom, Laura Melchers, Alcira Janga-Jansen, Tahirih van Kanten, Marian Luinstra-Passchier, Teatske Altenburg, Remy HiraSing, Mai Chinapaw
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children in Bonaire was twice as high as the prevalence in northern Europe but comparable to that of other Caribbean islands and the United States. The aim of this study was to examine change in the body mass index status of children in Bonaire and report children's energy balance-related behaviours (EBRB) in 2015. METHODS: Two school-based cross sectional surveys of children age 4-14 years were conducted in 2008 and 2015...
May 17, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764408/congenital-rhabdomyosarcoma-a-different-clinical-presentation-in-two-cases
#4
Ida Russo, Virginia Di Paolo, Carmelo Gurnari, Angela Mastronuzzi, Francesca Del Bufalo, Pier Luigi Di Paolo, Angela Di Giannatale, Renata Boldrini, Giuseppe Maria Milano
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas of childhood, is very rare in the neonatal period (0.4-2% of cases). In order to gain a deeper understanding of this disease at such age, patient and tumor features, as well as treatment modality and outcome need to be reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe two cases with congenital RMS treated at Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital between 2000 and 2016. They represent only 2.24% of all RMS patients diagnosed during that period in our Institution; this data is in agreement with the incidence reported in the literature...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764391/practice-and-outcomes-of-neonatal-resuscitation-for-newborns-with-birth-asphyxia-at-kakamega-county-general-hospital-kenya-a-direct-observation-study
#5
Duncan N Shikuku, Benson Milimo, Elizabeth Ayebare, Peter Gisore, Gorrette Nalwadda
BACKGROUND: About three - quarters of all neonatal deaths occur during the first week of life, with over half of these occurring within the first 24 h after birth. The first minutes after birth are critical to reducing neonatal mortality. Successful neonatal resuscitation (NR) has the potential to prevent these perinatal mortalities related to birth asphyxia. This study described the practice of NR and outcomes of newborns with birth asphyxia in a busy referral hospital. METHODS: Direct observations of 138 NRs by 28 healthcare providers (HCPs) were conducted using a predetermined checklist adapted from the national pediatric resuscitation protocol...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753332/parent-perspectives-on-school-food-allergy-policy
#6
S Shahzad Mustafa, Anne F Russell, Olga Kagan, Lauren M Kao, Diane V Houdek, Bridget M Smith, Julie Wang, Ruchi S Gupta
BACKGROUND: Food allergy affects up to 8% of children in the U.S. There is minimal research to date on food allergy policies that are currently in place in schools and the opinions of parents of children with food allergy on the effectiveness of or need for these policies. METHODS: An electronic survey was disseminated to parents of children with food allergy. Frequencies were calculated to describe respondent characteristics and responses. Chi-square tests were performed to examine associations between school and child characteristics and outcomes...
May 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753323/leisure-time-physical-activity-in-9-to-11-year-old-children-born-moderately-preterm-a-cohort-study
#7
M Nordvall-Lassen, H K Hegaard, C Obel, M S Lindhard, M Hedegaard, T B Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is one of the best documented activities with impacts on health in children and adults. Children born preterm show reduced physical and psychosocial function compared to children born at term. This may influence their level of physical activity. Reports on moderately preterm children's physical activities during childhood are limited. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the leisure time physical activity at age 9-11 years of moderately preterm children with that of children born at term...
May 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753322/clinical-outcomes-of-interactive-intensive-and-individual-3i-play-therapy-for-children-with-asd-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#8
Elodie Tilmont Pittala, Yann Saint-Georges-Chaumet, Claire Favrot, Antoine Tanet, David Cohen, Catherine Saint-Georges
BACKGROUND: The outcomes of psycho-educational interventions for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) comorbid with severe to moderate intellectual disability (ID) are insufficiently documented. In this prospective study, we examined a developmental individual, interactive and intensive approach, called the '3i method', which is based on play therapy. METHODS: Twenty DSM-IV-TR ASD subjects (mean chronological age 63.8 ± 37.8 months; mean developmental age 19.5 ± 6...
May 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751833/patterns-of-early-life-body-mass-index-and-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-status-at-eight-years-of-age
#9
Joseph M Braun, Heidi J Kalkwarf, George D Papandonatos, Aimin Chen, Bruce P Lanphear
BACKGROUND: Excess weight gain in infancy and childhood is associated with increased risk of subsequent obesity. Identifying patterns of infancy and childhood weight gain associated with subsequent obesity or overweight status could help identify children at highest risk. Thus, we examined patterns of infancy and early childhood BMI in relation to mid-childhood overweight and obesity status. METHODS: In a prospective cohort of 215 children from Cincinnati, OH (born: 2003-2006), we measured weight and length or height at ages 4 weeks and 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 8 years...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751828/augmentative-and-alternative-communication-in-children-with-down-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#10
Renata Thaís de Almeida Barbosa, Acary Souza Bulle de Oliveira, Jennifer Yohanna Ferreira de Lima Antão, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Regiani Guarnieri, Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Claudia Arab, Thaís Massetti, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
BACKGROUND: The use of technology to assist in the communication, socialization, language, and motor skills of children with Down's syndrome (DS) is required. The aim of this study was to analyse research findings regarding the different instruments of 'augmentative and alternative communication' used in children with Down's syndrome. METHODS: This is a systematic review of published articles available on PubMed, Web of Science, PsycInfo, and BVS using the following descriptors: assistive technology AND syndrome, assistive technology AND down syndrome, down syndrome AND augmentative and alternative communication...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751790/obliterative-cholangiopathy-in-acquired-cystic-biliary-atresia-type-iii-after-cyst-perforation-a-case-report
#11
Tsugumichi Koshinaga, Kensuke Ohashi, Kakou Ono, Hide Kaneda, Takeshi Furuya
BACKGROUND: In biliary atresia, the disease process of obliterative cholangiopathy may begin in the perinatal period; however, no chronological evidence exists on how the cholangiopathy progresses to biliary obliteration. This is the first acquired case with the final diagnosis of type III cystic biliary atresia with an extrahepatic biliary cyst which showed the progression of obliterative cholangiopathy in chronological order after birth. CASE PRESENTATION: An 81-day-old girl presented with acute abdominal distress due to bilious peritonitis caused by biliary cyst perforation, for which she underwent emergency biliary drainage...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751786/meconium-peritonitis-due-to-fetal-appendiceal-perforation-two-case-reports-and-a-brief-review-of-the-literature
#12
Yi Wang, Yeming Wu, Wenbin Guan, Wenbo Yan, Yuhua Li, Jin Fang, Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: Meconium peritonitis is an infrequent congenital disease usually caused by perforation of the fetal digestive tract. Meconium peritonitis resulting from intrauterine appendiceal perforation has been rarely reported and is often overlooked during pregnancy. We herein report two cases of fetal appendiceal perforation. CASE PRESENTATION: Two neonates were found to have intestinal distension and gradually increasing ascites antenatally. After birth, diagnostic abdominal punctures revealed meconium peritonitis...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751784/henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-with-acute-pancreatitis-analysis-of-13-cases
#13
Qin Zhang, Qi Guo, Ming Gui, Zhenhua Ren, Bo Hu, Ling Lu, Fang Deng
BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a common small vessel vasculitis in children. Acute pancreatitis rarely presents as a complication of Henoch-Schönlein purpura and has not been well characterized. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 13 cases of Henoch-Schönlein purpura with acute pancreatitis among 3212 patients who attended our hospital between January 2003 and June 2016 and analyzed their clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, imaging findings, treatment and overall prognosis...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747613/hemorrhagic-bullous-lesions-in-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Hung-Wen Su, Chiu-Yu Chen, Yee-Hsuan Chiou
BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a common vasculitis in childhood characterized by purpura, arthritis, abdominal pain and renal involvement. However, bullous HSP is a rare cutaneous manifestation, and a few cases have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we report a 15-year-old male with bullous HSP who presented with severe abdominal pain and hemorrhagic bullous lesions over his lower extremities. He was treated with corticosteroid, after which the symptoms improved dramatically...
May 10, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743109/muscle-and-tendon-morphology-alterations-in-children-and-adolescents-with-mild-forms-of-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#15
Annika Kruse, Christian Schranz, Markus Tilp, Martin Svehlik
BACKGROUND: Early detection of changes at the muscular level before a contracture develops is important to gain knowledge about the development of deformities in individuals with spasticity. However, little information is available about muscle morphology in children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy (CP) without contracture or equinus gait. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the gastrocnemius medialis (GM) and Achilles tendon architecture of children and adolescents with spastic CP without contracture or equinus gait to that of typically developing (TD) children...
May 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739389/effect-of-increased-enteral-protein-intake-on-plasma-and-urinary-urea-concentrations-in-preterm-infants-born-at-32-weeks-gestation-and-1500-g-birth-weight-enrolled-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-a-secondary-analysis
#16
Michaela Mathes, Christoph Maas, Christine Bleeker, Julia Vek, Wolfgang Bernhard, Andreas Peter, Christian F Poets, Axel R Franz
BACKGROUND: Feeding breast milk is associated with reduced morbidity and mortality, as well as improved neurodevelopmental outcome but does not meet the high nutritional requirements of preterm infants. Both plasma and urinary urea concentrations represent amino acid oxidation and low concentrations may indicate insufficient protein supply. This study assesses the effect of different levels of enteral protein on plasma and urinary urea concentrations and determines if the urinary urea-creatinine ratio provides reliable information about the protein status of preterm infants...
May 8, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739367/impact-of-umbilical-cord-milking-and-pasteurized-donor-human-milk-on-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-retrospective-review
#17
Mehtab K Sekhon, Bradley A Yoder
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious complication of prematurity. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of an umbilical cord milking protocol (UCM) and pasteurized donor human milk (PDHM) on NEC rates in infants less than 30 weeks gestational age from January 1, 2010 to September 30, 2016. We hypothesized an incremental decrease in NEC after each intervention. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 638 infants born less than 30 weeks gestational age...
May 8, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734948/inhaled-corticosteroids-in-ventilated-preterm-neonates-a-non-randomized-dose-ranging-study
#18
Kamini Raghuram, Michael Dunn, Krista Jangaard, Maureen Reilly, Elizabeth Asztalos, Edmond Kelly, Michael Vincer, Vibhuti Shah
BACKGROUND: Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) offer targeted treatment for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) with minimal systemic effects compared to systemic steroids. However, dosing of ICS in the management of infants at high-risk of developing BPD is not well established. The objective of this study was to determine an effective dose of ICS for the treatment of ventilator-dependent infants to facilitate extubation or reduce fractional inspired oxygen concentration. METHODS: Forty-one infants born at < 32 weeks gestational age (GA) or < 1250 g who were ventilator-dependent at 10-28 days postnatal age were included...
May 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729662/child-abuse-and-neglect-in-the-jaffna-district-of-sri-lanka-a-study-on-knowledge-attitude-practices-and-behavior-of-health-care-professionals
#19
M G Sathiadas, Arunath Viswalingam, Karunya Vijayaratnam
BACKGROUND: Victims and perpetrators of child abuse do not typically self-report to child protection services, therefore responsibility of detection and reporting falls on the others. Knowledge on child protection is essential for the first contact person and such information is sparse in research literature originally coming from Sri Lanka. Anecdotally, several cases of child abuse have been missed out at the first contact level. Therefore we undertook this survey to assess the knowledge, attitudes towards child protection and the experiences of medical officers, nursing officers and social workers on child protection...
May 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728088/opioid-substitution-treatment-and-heroin-dependent-adolescents-reductions-in-heroin-use-and-treatment-retention-over-twelve-months
#20
Bobby P Smyth, Khalifa Elmusharaf, Walter Cullen
BACKGROUND: Opioid dependence is a major health concern across the world and does also occur in adolescents. While opioid substitution treatment (OST) has been thoroughly evaluated in adult populations, very few studies have examined its use in adolescents. There are concerns that OST is underutilised in adolescents with heroin dependence. We sought to measure changes in drug use among adolescents receiving OST and also to examine treatment attrition during the first 12 months of this treatment...
May 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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