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BMC Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905889/influence-of-posterior-corneal-astigmatism-on-postoperative-refractive-astigmatism-in-pseudophakic-eyes-after-cataract-surgery
#1
Maki Sano, Takahiro Hiraoka, Yuta Ueno, Hideo Itagaki, Tomohiro Ogami, Tetsuro Oshika
BACKGROUND: To examine the influence of posterior corneal astigmatism on postoperative refractive astigmatism in pseudophakic eyes after cataract surgery. METHODS: The study enrolled 64 pseudophakic eyes of 50 patients (71.8 ± 9.9 years old, mean ± standard deviation) who had undergone phacoemulsification with non-toric IOL implantation. Refractive astigmatism was measured using an auto ref-keratometer with a 0.01- diopter (D) scale. Two types of corneal astigmatism were calculated using anterior segment optical coherence tomography; keratometric and total corneal astigmatism...
December 1, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903249/management-lacrimal-sac-abscesses-using-lacrimal-probe-and-crawford-silicon-tube
#2
Lin Lin, Li Yang, Xiuming Jin, Yingying Zhao, Fangli Fan
BACKGROUND: Treatment of lacrimal sac abscess of the traditional surgical approach may result in complications from cutaneous fistula formation, damage the sac, cause skin scarring and even have the potential for inducing cicatricial ectropion. We designed a new treatment scheme that is expected to achieve internal drainage with the use of lacrimal probe and crawford silicon tube. METHODS: A prospective study was performed for the management of lacrimal sac abscesses...
November 30, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899093/microbiological-profile-of-corneal-ulcer-cases-diagnosed-in-a-tertiary-care-ophthalmological-institute-in-nepal
#3
Sharmila Suwal, Dinesh Bhandari, Pratigya Thapa, Mohan Krishna Shrestha, Jyoti Amatya
BACKGROUND: Corneal ulcer, a major cause of monocular blindness in developing countries has consistently been listed as the major cause of blindness and visual disability in many of the developing nations in Asia, Africa and the Middle East, ranking second only to cataract. This study was carried out to determine the microbiological profile of corneal ulcer cases diagnosed among patients visiting Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology (TIO), Nepal. METHODS: A total of 101 corneal scrapping samples were tested for routine culture and antibiotic susceptibility at the pathology department of TIO Nepal from April to October 2014...
November 29, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899086/closantel-a-veterinary-drug-with-potential-severe-morbidity-in-humans
#4
Seyed Ali Tabatabaei, Mohammad Soleimani, Mohammad Reza Mansouri, Ahmad Mirshahi, Bahman Inanlou, Mojtaba Abrishami, Ahmad Reza Pakrah, Hamideh Masarat
BACKGROUND: Closantel is a halogenated salicylanilide with a potent anti parasitic activity. It is widely used in management of parasitic infestation in animals, but is contraindicated in humans. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old man with depression was referred to our center with progressive loss of vision in both eyes 10 days after unintentional ingestion of three 500 mg tablets of Closantel. On fundus examination, left optic disc margin was blurred. His bilateral visual acuity was no light perception (NLP) despite prescribed IV erythropoietin injections 20,000 units daily for 3 days and 1gr intravenous methylprednisolone acetate for 3 days followed by 1 mg/kg oral prednisolone...
November 29, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899085/oestradiol-levels-and-superoxide-dismutase-activity-in-age-related-cataract-a-case-control-study
#5
Dragana Škiljić, Staffan Nilsson, Anne Petersen, Jan-Olof Karlsson, Anders Behndig, Lada Kalaboukhova, Madeleine Zetterberg
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that the higher prevalence of cataract in women is caused by a withdrawal effect of oestrogen at menopause. In vitro studies have demonstrated protection of serum oestradiol (E2) against oxidative stress through upregulation of antioxidant enzymes, including superoxide dismutase (SOD). The purpose of the present study was to investigate E2 levels and SOD erythrocyte activity in patients with age-related cataract. METHODS: The studied subjects consisted of 103 patients with age-related cataract and 22 controls...
November 29, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899084/clinical-outcomes-of-a-new-diffractive-trifocal-intraocular-lens-with-enhanced-depth-of-focus-edof
#6
Banu Torun Acar, Erkan Duman, Saban Simsek
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical outcomes after the implantation of a new trifocal diffractive intraocular lens (IOL) combined with Enhanced depth of focus (EDOF) technology. METHODS: The study enrolled 80 eyes of 40 patients who underwent cataract surgery with bilateral implantation of a diffractive trifocal IOL (Reviol Tri-ED) designed with a combination of enhanced depth of focus. Mean age was 52.09 ± 11.32 years (range from 45 to 70 years). Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), uncorrected intermediate visual acuity (UIVA), corrected intermediate visual acuity (CIVA), uncorrected near visual acuity (UNVA), corrected near visual acuity (CNVA), keratometry (K), and manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE) were evaluated pre- and postoperatively...
November 29, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881155/selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-for-early-glaucoma-analysis-of-success-predictors-and-adjusted-laser-outcomes-based-on-the-untreated-fellow-eye
#7
Mikael Chun, Carolina P B Gracitelli, Flavio S Lopes, Luis G Biteli, Michele Ushida, Tiago S Prata
BACKGROUND: To identify success predictors and to study the role of the fellow untreated eye as a co-variable for adjustment of intraocular pressure (IOP) outcomes following selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in early open-angle glaucoma (OAG) patients. METHODS: A case series was carried out. Patients with uncontrolled early OAG or ocular hypertension (inadequate IOP control requiring additional treatment) underwent SLT (one single laser session) performed by the same surgeon in a standardized fashion...
November 23, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863469/changes-in-intraocular-pressure-values-measured-with-noncontact-tonometer-nct-ocular-response-analyzer-ora-and-corvis-scheimpflug-technology-tonometer-cst-in-the-early-phase-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-smile
#8
Yang Shen, Xiangjian Su, Xiu Liu, Huamao Miao, Xuejun Fang, Xingtao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Corneal biomechanical properties are always compromised after corneal refractive surgeries thus leading to underestimated intraocular pressure (IOP) that complicates the management of IOP. We investigated the changes in postoperative baseline of IOP values measured with noncontact tonometer (NCT), ocular response analyzer (ORA) and corvis scheimpflug technology (CST) in the early phase after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: Twenty-two eyes (-6...
November 18, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855682/glaucoma-awareness-knowledge-perception-of-risk-and-eye-screening-behaviour-among-residents-of-abokobi-ghana
#9
Virtue Fiawokome De-Gaulle, Phyllis Dako-Gyeke
BACKGROUND: Although glaucoma is the lead cause of irreversible blindness globally, the condition shows no signs or symptoms until later stages. Knowledge about the disease is known to influence utilization of eye screening services. This study aimed at understanding knowledge and perception of risk for glaucoma, as well as eye screening behaviour among residents of Abokobi, a peri-urban community. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that employed quantitative data collection methods, with the use of a questionnaire...
November 17, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852300/paediatric-fabry-disease-prognostic-significance-of-ocular-changes-for-disease-severity
#10
Gisela Kalkum, Susanne Pitz, Nesrin Karabul, Michael Beck, Guillem Pintos-Morell, Rossella Parini, Marianne Rohrbach, Svetlana Bizjajeva, Uma Ramaswami
BACKGROUND: Ocular signs of Fabry disease can be seen in the first decade of life. METHODS: We examined the occurrence of ocular signs in 232 paediatric patients in the Fabry Outcome Survey (FOS) international registry and looked for relationships between the presence of eye findings and disease severity as measured by the FOS Mainz severity score index (FOS-MSSI). RESULTS: At least one ocular sign was found in 55/101 (54.5%) girls and 62/131 (47...
November 16, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852246/comparison-of-intraocular-pressure-andvault-after-implantation-of-implantable-collamer-lens-with-and-without-a-central-hole
#11
Haiting Chen, Guangzeng Niu, Yuxiang Fan, Jingxue Ma
BACKGROUD: The Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) has been used widely for refractive errors, We performed this prospective randomized comparative study to compare postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) and vaults of the eyes implanted with conventional ICL and central hole ICL. METHODS: This study evaluated 44 eyes of 22 patients who underwent central hole ICL implantation in one eye and conventional ICL implantation in the other eye by randomization assignment...
November 16, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842529/the-differences-in-level-of-trait-anxiety-among-girls-and-boys-aged-13-17-years-with-myopia-and-emmetropia
#12
Joanna B Łazarczyk, Beata Urban, Beata Konarzewska, Agata Szulc, Alina Bakunowicz-Łazarczyk, Ewa Żmudzka, Urszula Kowzan, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Karolina Juszczyk-Zajkowska
BACKGROUND: A significant increase in myopia among children and teenagers can be observed all over the world. Yet at the same time, there is still an insignificant number of studies concerning this health problem. The aim of this study was to assess the level of trait anxiety among myopic group of teenagers in comparison to teenagers with emmetropia, and to confirm whether the level of trait anxiety relates to age and gender. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-nine students aged 13-17 years were included in the study...
November 14, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835961/macular-telangiectasia-type-2-accompanied-by-solitary-retinal-astrocytic-hamartoma-case-report
#13
Martin Pencak, Jan Krasny, Miroslav Veith, Magdalena Vokrojova
BACKGROUND: To present a coincidence of macular telangiectasia type 2 and solitary retinal astrocytic hamartoma in one patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old woman was examined in the Department of Ophthalmology of University hospital Kralovske Vinohrady for complaints of metamorphopsia in her left eye. Her uncorrected visual acuity (VA) was 4/4 on Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study charts (ETDRS), on the retina of her left eye white, prominent, partially calcified tumour 1 disc diameter in diameter, 1,5 disc diameter from the foveola was detected on the retina...
November 11, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832751/effect-of-bradykinin-on-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cell-proliferation-and-extracellular-matrix-secretion
#14
Wenting Cai, Qingquan Wei, Qingyu Liu, Chengda Ren, Junling Liu, Ruiling Zhang, Mengmei He, Qianyi Wang, Yaru Du, Jing Yu
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of bradykinin (BK) on TGF-β1-induced retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell proliferation and extracellular matrix secretion and to elucidate the relationship between BK and the Erk/Akt signaling pathway. METHODS: The effects of BK on TGF-β1-induced RPE cell proliferation were examined via CCK-8 assay. Cell culture supernatant collagen I concentrations were measured via ELISA. Fibronectin (Fn), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 mRNA and protein expression levels were measured via q-PCR and Western blotting, respectively...
November 10, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829389/chronic-post-operative-iris-prosthesis-endophthalmitis-in-a-patient-with-traumatic-aniridia-a-case-report
#15
Kevin C Firl, Sandra R Montezuma
BACKGROUND: Post-operative endophthalmitis is a serious complication of intraocular surgery which may present acutely or chronically. Chronic post-operative endophthalmitis is characterized by decreased visual acuity, mild pain, and low-grade uveitis several weeks or months after intraocular surgery which may be responsive to corticosteroids, but recur upon tapering. Low virulence organisms such as Propionibacterium acnes are the most common culprit organisms, and treatment most often consists of both intravitreal antibiotic injections and surgery...
November 9, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829382/corneal-keloid-four-case-reports-of-clinicopathological-features-and-surgical-outcome
#16
Hyo Kyung Lee, Hyuk Jin Choi, Mee Kum Kim, Won Ryang Wee, Joo Youn Oh
BACKGROUND: Surgical outcome of corneal keloid is largely variable depending on reports, although surgical management is inevitable in visually significant cases. We here report clinical features, histopathological findings, and surgical outcome of four cases of corneal keloid. CASE PRESENTATION: Four Korean male patients without a history of corneal trauma or disease were clinically and histologically evaluated for a slowly-growing, white opacity in the cornea...
November 9, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825329/intravitreal-dexamethasone-implants-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-scleritis-combined-with-uveitis-in-adult-onset-still-s-disease-a-case-report
#17
Seong Joon Ahn, Sun Jin Hwang, Byung Ro Lee
BACKGROUND: Adult-onset Still's disease is a systemic inflammatory disease which presents with uveitis and scleritis in the eye. Intravitreal dexamethasone implants are used for the treatment of refractory uveitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 19-year-old woman diagnosed to have adult-onset Still's disease for fevers, joint pain, and a salmon-colored bumpy rash presented with scleritis and uveitis in the left eye. Topical and systemic steroids with oral methotrexate failed to control the inflammation...
November 8, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821110/ocular-findings-in-patients-with-spastic-type-cerebral-palsy
#18
Myung Jin Park, Yung Ju Yoo, Chin Youb Chung, Jeong-Min Hwang
BACKGROUND: Refractive errors, strabismus, nystagmus, amblyopia, and cortical visual impairment are observed in 50 to 90 % of patients with cerebral palsy. Ocular abnormalities are known to differ according to cerebral palsy type, and spastic type has been reported to be more likely to be associated with ocular defects than the athetoid and ataxic types. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records was performed on 105 consecutive children with spastic type of cerebral palsy who underwent ophthalmologic examination between July 2003 and March 2006...
November 8, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821104/publication-trends-in-corneal-transplantation-a-bibliometric-analysis
#19
Evre Pekel, Gökhan Pekel
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to demonstrate the publication trends of corneal transplantation in the last decade. METHODS: All of the keratoplasty research articles, letters, case reports, reviews and meeting abstracts published between January 2006 and December 2015 indexed on the Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge were evaluated. A bibliometric filter was used to capture keratoplasty related publications by using the key words 'keratoplasty', 'corneal transplantation' or 'keratoprosthesis' in the 'title' selection mode...
November 8, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809828/neonatal-disease-environment-limits-the-efficacy-of-retinal-transplantation-in-the-lca8-mouse-model
#20
Seo-Hee Cho, Ji Yun Song, Jinyeon Shin, Seonhee Kim
BACKGROUND: Mutations of Crb1 gene cause irreversible and incurable visual impairment in humans. This study aims to use an LCA8-like mouse model to identify host-mediated responses that might interfere with survival, retinal integration and differentiation of grafted cells during neonatal cell therapy. METHODS: Mixed retinal donor cells (1 ~ 2 × 10(4)) isolated from neural retinas of neonatal eGFP transgenic mice were injected into the subretinal space of LCA8-like model neonatal mice...
November 4, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
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