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BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747228/iodine-nutritional-status-of-women-in-their-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-in-catalonia
#1
Maria Teresa Torres, Lidia Francés, Lluis Vila, Josep María Manresa, Gemma Falguera, Gemma Prieto, Roser Casamitjana, Pere Toran
BACKGROUND: Sufficient iodine intake is needed during pregnancy to ensure proper fetal development. The iodine levels of women in their first trimester of pregnancy in Catalonia are currently unknown. This data would help to determine whether our public health services should establish recommendations or interventions in this line. The aim of this study was to investigate the iodine nutritional status, prevalence of urinary iodine <150 μg/L, and tobacco use in the first trimester of pregnancy in our setting...
July 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747173/uptake-of-external-cephalic-version-for-term-breech-presentation-an-australian-population-study-2002-2012
#2
Yu Sun Bin, Christine L Roberts, Michael C Nicholl, Jane B Ford
BACKGROUND: The safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of external cephalic version (ECV) for term breech presentation has been demonstrated. Clinical guidelines recommend ECV for all eligible women, but the uptake of this procedure in the Australian healthcare setting is unknown. This study aimed to describe ECV uptake in New South Wales, the most populous state of Australia, during 2002 to 2012. METHODS: Data from routine hospital and birth records were used to identify ECVs conducted at ≥36 weeks' gestation...
July 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747164/use-of-cervicovaginal-pamg-1-protein-as-a-predictor-of-delivery-within-seven-days-in-pregnancies-at-risk-of-premature-birth
#3
Yasemin Çekmez, Gürkan Kıran, Esra Tuştaş Haberal, Merve Dizdar
BACKGROUND: To investigate the utility of vaginal placental alpha microglobulin-1 (PAMG-1) protein as a predictor of preterm delivery within 7 days in pregnancies at risk of premature birth. METHODS: This prospective study was performed in women at risk of premature birth. The levels of vaginal PAMG-1 and foetal fibronectin (fFN) and the transvaginal cervical length measurement (CLM) were investigated and compared. RESULTS: Seventy-two pregnant women were included in this study...
July 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747163/incident-hiv-during-pregnancy-and-early-postpartum-period-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-a-rural-area-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#4
Terusha Chetty, Alain Vandormael, Claire Thorne, Anna Coutsoudis
BACKGROUND: The evidence on the effect of pregnancy on acquiring HIV is conflicting, with studies reporting both higher and lower HIV acquisition risk during pregnancy when prolonged antiretroviral therapy was accessible. The aim of this study was to assess the pregnancy effect on HIV acquisition where antiretroviral therapy was widely available in a high HIV prevalence setting. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study nested within a population-based surveillance to determine HIV incidence in HIV-uninfected women from 15 to 49 years from 2010 through 2015 in rural KwaZulu-Natal...
July 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747162/advanced-abdominal-pregnancy-with-live-fetus-and-severe-preeclampsia-case-report
#5
Fekade Getachew Hailu, Getnet Tesfaye Yihunie, Ahmed Amdihun Essa, Walelign Kindie Tsega
BACKGROUND: Abdominal pregnancy may account for up to 1.4% of all ectopic pregnancies. The incidence of abdominal pregnancy differs in various literatures and ranges between 1:10,000 pregnancies to 1:30, 000 pregnancies. The clinical symptoms of an uncomplicated abdominal pregnancy are unspecific. There are reports of maternal and fetal survival from advanced abdominal pregnancies. CASE PRESENTATION: Our case was a 26 years old gravida 4, para 3 (2 alive, one early neonatal death) woman...
July 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747161/factors-associated-with-perinatal-mortality-among-public-health-deliveries-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-an-unmatched-case-control-study
#6
Yemisrach Getiye, Mesganaw Fantahun
BACKGROUND: perinatal mortality is the sum of still birth (fetal death) and early neonatal death (ENND) i.e. death of live newborn before the age of 7 completed days. Perinatal mortality accounts three fourth of the deaths of the neonatal period and is one of the major challenges for under-five mortality. Therefore this study was conducted to better understand the common and avoidable factors that affect perinatal mortality in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: An unmatched case control study design using secondary data as a source of information was conducted...
July 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747160/adverse-events-in-women-and-children-who-have-received-intrapartum-antibiotic-prophylaxis-treatment-a-systematic-review
#7
Farah Seedat, Chris Stinton, Jacoby Patterson, Julia Geppert, Bee Tan, Esther R Robinson, Noel Denis McCarthy, Olalekan A Uthman, Karoline Freeman, Samantha Ann Johnson, Hannah Fraser, Colin Stewart Brown, Aileen Clarke, Sian Taylor-Phillips
BACKGROUND: Adverse events from intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) are poorly documented yet essential to inform clinical practice for neonatal group B Streptococcus (GBS) disease prevention. In this systematic review, we appraised and synthesised the evidence on the adverse events of IAP in the mother and/or her child. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Science Citation Index from date of inception until October 16th 2016...
July 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743257/longer-travel-time-to-district-hospital-worsens-neonatal-outcomes-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study-of-the-effect-of-delays-in-receiving-emergency-cesarean-section-in-rwanda
#8
Joseph Niyitegeka, Georges Nshimirimana, Allison Silverstein, Jackline Odhiambo, Yihan Lin, Theoneste Nkurunziza, Robert Riviello, Stephen Rulisa, Paulin Banguti, Hema Magge, Martin Macharia, Regis Habimana, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier
BACKGROUND: In low-resource settings, access to emergency cesarean section is associated with various delays leading to poor neonatal outcomes. In this study, we described the delays a mother faces when needing emergency cesarean delivery and assessed the effect of these delays on neonatal outcomes in Rwanda. METHODS: This retrospective study included 441 neonates and their mothers who underwent emergency cesarean section in 2015 at three district hospitals in Rwanda...
July 25, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738869/maternal-depression-in-syrian-refugee-women-recently-moved-to-canada-a-preliminary-study
#9
Asma Ahmed, Angela Bowen, Cindy Xin Feng
BACKGROUND: Refugee women are almost five times more likely to develop postpartum depression than Canadian-born women. This can be attributed to various difficulties they faced before coming to Canada as well as during resettlement. Moreover, refugee women usually face many obstacles when accessing health services, including language and cultural barriers, as well as unique help-seeking behaviors that are influenced by various cultural and practical factors. There has been a recent, rapid influx of Syrian refugees to Canada, and many of them are childbearing women...
July 24, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738855/approaches-to-health-care-provider-education-and-professional-development-in-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review
#10
Laura E Legere, Katherine Wallace, Angela Bowen, Karen McQueen, Phyllis Montgomery, Marilyn Evans
BACKGROUND: Perinatal depression is the most common mental illness experienced by pregnant and postpartum women, yet it is often under-detected and under-treated. Some researchers suggest this may be partly influenced by a lack of education and professional development on perinatal depression among health-care providers, which can negatively affect care and contribute to stigmatization of women experiencing altered mood. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review is to provide a synthesis of educational and professional development needs and strategies for health-care providers in perinatal depression...
July 24, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738788/magnesium-sulfate-for-6-vs-24-hours-post-delivery-in-patients-who-received-magnesium-sulfate-for-less-than-8-hours-before-birth-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Paulino Vigil-De Gracia, Ricardo Ramirez, Yarelys Durán, Arelis Quintero
BACKGROUND: To compare the benefits of magnesium sulfate for 24 h (h) postpartum versus 6 h postpartum in patients who received magnesium sulfate (Mg) for less than 8 h before birth. METHODS: A randomized, multicenter, open study was conducted between November 2013 and October 2016 in three teaching maternity hospitals in Panama. Pregnant women diagnosed with severe pre-eclampsia or pre-eclampsia with severe features at more than 20 weeks gestation were invited to participate...
July 24, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732495/carriage-and-serotype-distribution-of-streptococcus-agalactiae-in-third-trimester-pregnancy-in-southern-ghana
#12
Hans-Christian Slotved, Nicholas T K D Dayie, Josephine A N Banini, Niels Frimodt-Møller
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci, GBS) among healthy, pregnant women attending antenatal care at different study sites in the Greater Accra Region, Ghana. METHODS: Between 2010 and June 2013, recto-vaginal swab samples were collected from pregnant women attending antenatal care from two study sites in southern Ghana. The samples were collected within 35 and 37 weeks of the gestation period...
July 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728571/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-preterm-small-for-gestational-age-infants-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-rural-chinese-population
#13
Shi Chen, Rong Zhu, Huijuan Zhu, Hongbo Yang, Fengying Gong, Linjie Wang, Yu Jiang, Bill Q Lian, Chengsheng Yan, Jianqiang Li, Qing Wang, Shi-Kun Zhang, Hui Pan
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) are strong indicators of neonatal adverse outcomes. With the growing importance of preterm SGA infants, we aim to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for preterm SGA in China. METHOD: We analyzed the data of parents and infants from a population-based cohort research of the free National Pre-pregnancy Checkups Project (NPCP) in rural China. Only singleton live births that occurred between 24 weeks +0 days and 36 weeks +6 days of pregnancy were included in this study...
July 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728552/study-protocol-for-a-comparative-effectiveness-trial-of-two-models-of-perinatal-integrated-psychosocial-assessment-the-pipa-project
#14
Nicole Reilly, Emma Black, Georgina M Chambers, Virginia Schmied, Stephen Matthey, Josephine Farrell, Dawn Kingston, Andrew Bisits, Marie-Paule Austin
BACKGROUND: Studies examining psychosocial and depression assessment programs in maternity settings have not adequately considered the context in which psychosocial assessment occurs or how broader components of integrated care, including clinician decision-making aids, may optimise program delivery and its cost-effectiveness. There is also limited evidence relating to the diagnostic accuracy of symptom-based screening measures used in this context. The Perinatal Integrated Psychosocial Assessment (PIPA) Project was developed to address these knowledge gaps...
July 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720086/pregnancy-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Youxia Liu, Xinxin Ma, Jie Zheng, Xiangchun Liu, Tiekun Yan
BACKGROUND: Presently, the matter of pregnancy outcomes of patients with pregnancy related AKI (PR-AKI) were disputed. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of PR-AKI on pregnancy outcomes. METHOD: We systematically searched MEDLINE, Embase, VIP, CNKI and Wanfang Databases for cohort or case-control studies in women with PR-AKI and those without AKI as a control group to assess the influence of PR-AKI on pregnancy outcomes and kidney outcome...
July 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716133/-to-be-able-to-support-her-i-must-feel-calm-and-safe-pregnant-women-s-partners-perceptions-of-professional-support-during-pregnancy
#16
Caroline Bäckström, Stina Thorstensson, Lena B Mårtensson, Rebecca Grimming, Yrsa Nyblin, Marie Golsäter
BACKGROUND: Professional support does not always meet the needs of expectant fathers or co-mothers. The way in which professional support is offered during pregnancy varies internationally, depending on the country. In order to attain a greater understanding of partners' experiences of professional support, it is necessary to further illuminate their perceptions of it. The aim of this study was therefore to explore pregnant women's partners' perceptions of professional support during pregnancy...
July 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716124/implementing-maternal-death-surveillance-and-response-a-review-of-lessons-from-country-case-studies
#17
Helen Smith, Charles Ameh, Natalie Roos, Matthews Mathai, Nynke van den Broek
BACKGROUND: Maternal Death Surveillance and Response (MDSR) implementation is monitored globally, but not much is known about what works well, where and why in scaling up. We reviewed a series of country case studies in order to determine whether and to what extent these countries have implemented the four essential components of MDSR and identify lessons for improving implementation. METHODS: A secondary analysis of ten case studies from countries at different stages of MDSR implementation, using a policy analysis framework to draw out lessons learnt and opportunities for improvement...
July 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716050/working-for-patient-safety-a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-help-seeking-during-acute-perinatal-events
#18
Nicola Mackintosh, Susanna Rance, Wendy Carter, Jane Sandall
BACKGROUND: Women and their relatives can play an important role in early detection and help seeking for acute perinatal events. Recent UK reports indicate that patient-professional partnership in 'working for safety' can be difficult to achieve in practice, sometimes with catastrophic consequences. This research explored the experiences of women and relatives who had experienced early warning signs about their condition and sought help in escalating care. METHODS: Secondary analysis of case study data which included qualitative interviews with 22 women purposively sampled on account of experiencing a step up in care and 4 of their relatives from two NHS Trusts in England during 2010...
July 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709403/the-role-of-vitamin-d-in-pre-eclampsia-a-systematic-review
#19
Juhi M Purswani, Pooja Gala, Pratibha Dwarkanath, Heather M Larkin, Anura Kurpad, Saurabh Mehta
BACKGROUND: The etiology of pre-eclampsia (PE) is not yet fully understood, though current literature indicates an upregulation of inflammatory mediators produced by the placenta as a potential causal mechanism. Vitamin D is known to have anti-inflammatory properties and there is evidence of an inverse relationship between dietary calcium intake and the incidence of PE. Evidence of the role of vitamin D status and supplementation in the etiology and prevention of PE is reviewed in this article along with identification of research gaps to inform future studies...
July 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709410/identification-of-barriers-and-facilitators-for-optimal-cesarean-section-care-perspective-of-professionals
#20
Sonja Melman, Rachel Hellen Petra Schreurs, Carmen Desiree Dirksen, Anneke Kwee, Jan Gerrit Nijhuis, Nicol Anna Cornelia Smeets, Hubertina Catharina Johanna Scheepers, Rosella Petronella Maria Gemma Hermens
BACKGROUND: The cesarean section (CS) rate has increased over recent decades with poor guideline adherence as a possible cause. The objective of this study was to explore barriers and facilitators for delivering optimal care as described in clinical practice guidelines. METHODS: Key recommendations from evidence-based guidelines were used as a base to explore barriers and facilitators for delivering optimal CS care in The Netherlands. Both focus group and telephone interviews among 29 different obstetrical professionals were performed...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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