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BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769122/delay-on-first-antenatal-care-visit-and-its-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-public-health-facilities-of-debre-markos-town-north-west-ethiopia
#1
Atsede Alle Ewunetie, Alemtsehay Mekonnen Munea, Belsity Temesgen Meselu, Muluye Molla Simeneh, Bekele Tesfaye Meteku
BACKGROUND: Delay on timely initiation of antenatal care has a great impact on adverse pregnancy out comes. However, evidences in Ethiopia revealed that majority of pregnant mothers did not start their first visit as recommrnded by WHO. The aim of this study was to assess delay and associated factors of first antenatal care visit among pregnant mothers at public health facilities of Debremarkos town, North West Ethiopia. METHODS: An institutional based crosss-sectional study was conducted from February to March, 2014 in public health facilities of Debremarkos town North west Ethiopia...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769063/trends-and-factors-associated-with-early-initiation-of-breastfeeding-in-namibia-analysis-of-the-demographic-and-health-surveys-2000-2013
#2
M N Ndirangu, S M Gatimu, H M Mwinyi, D C Kibiwott
BACKGROUND: Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) lowers the risk for all-cause mortality in babies, including those with low birth weight. However, rates of neonatal mortality and delayed initiation of breastfeeding remain high in most low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to assess the trends and factors associated with EIBF in Namibia from 2000 to 2013. METHODS: An analysis of EIBF trends was conducted using data from three Namibia Demographic Health Surveys...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769062/seroprevalence-of-hiv-htlv-cmv-hbv-and-rubella-virus-infections-in-pregnant-adolescents-who-received-care-in-the-city-of-bel%C3%A3-m-par%C3%A3-northern-brazil
#3
Aubaneide Batista Guerra, Leonardo Quintão Siravenha, Rogério Valois Laurentino, Rosimar Neris Martins Feitosa, Vânia Nakauth Azevedo, Antonio Carlos Rosário Vallinoto, Ricardo Ishak, Luiz Fernando Almeida Machado
BACKGROUND: Prenatal tests are important for prevention of vertical transmission of various infectious agents. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), rubella virus and vaccination coverage against HBV in pregnant adolescents who received care in the city of Belém, Pará, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 324 pregnant adolescents from 2009 to 2010...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769056/report-on-an-international-workshop-on-kangaroo-mother-care-lessons-learned-and-a-vision-for-the-future
#4
Adriano Cattaneo, Adidja Amani, Nathalie Charpak, Socorro De Leon-Mendoza, Sarah Moxon, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Giorgio Tamburlini, Julieta Villegas, Anne-Marie Bergh
BACKGROUND: Globally, complications of prematurity are the leading cause of death in children under five. Preterm infants who survive their first month of life are at greater risk for various diseases and impairments in infancy, childhood and later life, representing a heavy social and economic burden for families, communities and health and social systems. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is recommended as a beneficial and effective intervention for improving short- and long-term preterm birth outcomes in low- and high-income settings...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769052/association-between-skilled-maternal-healthcare-and-postpartum-contraceptive-use-in-ethiopia
#5
Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Tensae Tadesse Mekonnen, Zelalem Birhanu Mengesha, Katherine Tumlinson
BACKGROUND: The postpartum period provides an important opportunity to address unmet need for contraception and reduce short birth intervals. This study aims to assess the association between skilled maternal healthcare and postpartum contraceptive use in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data for this analysis come from the 2011 to 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys (EDHS) and include nearly 5000 married women of reproductive age with a recent birth. Multivariate logistic regression was conducted to investigate the relationship between skilled maternal healthcare and postpartum contraceptive use...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769050/why-do-patients-decline-amniocentesis-analysis-of-factors-influencing-the-decision-to-refuse-invasive-prenatal-testing
#6
Pawel Sadlecki, Marek Grabiec, Pawel Walentowicz, Malgorzata Walentowicz-Sadlecka
BACKGROUND: In recent years, determination of personalized risk for fetal chromosomal anomalies emerged as an important component of prenatal genetic counseling. Women in whom fetal risk for chromosomal aberrations is elevated are offered further testing. The aim of this study was to identify factors that may influence the decision to refuse invasive prenatal testing aimed at determination of fetal karyotype in a group of patients at increased risk of trisomy 21. METHODS: The analysis included 177 patients with singleton pregnancy, whose personalized risk score for trisomy 21 calculated on the basis of the combined test exceeded 1:300...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769047/uptake-of-skilled-attendance-along-the-continuum-of-care-in-rural-western-kenya-selected-analysis-from-global-health-initiative-survey-2012
#7
Winfred Mwangi, Onesmus Gachuno, Meghna Desai, David Obor, Vincent Were, Frank Odhiambo, Amek Nyaguara, Kayla F Laserson
BACKGROUND: Examining skilled attendance throughout pregnancy, delivery and immediate postnatal period is proxy indicator on the progress towards reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality in developing countries. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional baseline survey of households of mothers with at least 1 child under-5 years in 2012 within the KEMRI/CDC health and demographic surveillance system (HDSS) area in rural western Kenya. RESULTS: Out of 8260 mother-child pairs, data on antenatal care (ANC) in the most recent pregnancy was obtained for 89% (n = 8260); 97% (n = 7387) reported attendance...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764452/risk-factors-for-korean-women-to-develop-an-isthmocele-after-a-cesarean-section
#8
I Y Park, M R Kim, H N Lee, Y Gen, M J Kim
BACKGROUND: The increase in number of cesarean section (CS) operations has resulted in an increase in cases of isthmocele development. The objective of this study is to determine the risk factors for isthmocele development after CS. METHODS: Isthmocele measurements were taken for 404 women with a history of at least one low transverse CS. The following potential risk factors were investigated: patient's age at CS, cause of CS, weeks of gestation at CS, premature rupture of membrane (PROM), phase of labor, type suture (single/double layer), operation time, uterine flexion (anteversion/retroversion), and blood transfusion during operation...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764425/mobility-patterns-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-internal-migrant-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-national-monitoring-survey
#9
Ying Ji, Xiaoping Zhao, Zhili Wang, Shenglan Liu, Yang Shen, Chun Chang
BACKGROUND: Residential instability during pregnancy has been linked to poor health outcomes. As a first step toward providing better health care to pregnant migrant women, the size and characteristics of this population and factors associated with mobility during pregnancy should be studied. METHODS: Using the "Monitoring Data of Chinese Migrants" for 2012, from the Chinese National Population and Family Planning Commission, this study explored mobility patterns during pregnancy and associated factors among migrants within China...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764416/safety-of-a-condom-uterine-balloon-tamponade-esm-ubt-device-for-uncontrolled-primary-postpartum-hemorrhage-among-facilities-in-kenya-and-sierra-leone
#10
Aparna Ramanathan, Melody J Eckardt, Brett D Nelson, Moytrayee Guha, Monica Oguttu, Zaid Altawil, Thomas Burke
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality in low- and middle-income countries. While evidence on uterine balloon tamponade efficacy for severe hemorrhage is encouraging, little is known about safety of this intervention. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety of an ultra-low-cost uterine balloon tamponade package (named ESM-UBT) for facility-based management of uncontrolled postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in Kenya and Sierra Leone. METHODS: Data were collected on complications/adverse events in all women who had an ESM-UBT device placed among 92 facilities in Sierra Leone and Kenya, between September 2012 and December 2015, as part of a multi-country study...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764406/women-s-experiences-of-continuous-support-during-childbirth-a-meta-synthesis
#11
Petronellah Lunda, Catharina Susanna Minnie, Petronella Benadé
BACKGROUND: Despite the known benefits of continuous support during childbirth, the practice is still not routinely implemented in all maternity settings and women's views and experiences might not be considered. The purpose of the study was to integrate individual studies' findings related to women's experiences of continuous support during childbirth in order to expand the understanding of the phenomenon. The review question was: What were the views and experiences of women regarding continuous support during childbirth as reported in studies that adopted qualitative or mixed research methods (with a qualitative component) using semi-structured, in-depth or focus group interviews or case studies? METHODS: A detailed search was executed on electronic data bases: EBSCOhost: Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO, SocINDEX, OAlster, Scopus, SciELO, Science Direct, PubMED and Google Scholar, using a predetermined search strategy...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764405/urinary-iodine-concentration-and-thyroid-volume-of-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-two-selected-hospitals-in-ashanti-region-ghana-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#12
Daniel Gyamfi, Yaw Amo Wiafe, Kwabena Owusu Danquah, Ernest Adankwah, Gertrude Akua Amissah, Angela Odame
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency is a major public health problem affecting people worldwide, particularly pregnant women. Iodine requirements increase substantially during pregnancy making pregnant women vulnerable to iodine deficiency and its disorders such as abortions, stillbirths and pregnancy goitre as well as congenital abnormalities, cretinism and mental retardation in their children. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of iodine deficiency and goitre among pregnant women attending antenatal sessions at two selected hospitals in Ashanti region, Ghana...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764385/a-qualitative-study-about-the-gendered-experiences-of-motherhood-and-perinatal-mortality-in-mountain-villages-of-nepal-implications-for-improving-perinatal-survival
#13
Mohan Paudel, Sara Javanparast, Gouranga Dasvarma, Lareen Newman
BACKGROUND: We aim to examine the gendered contexts of poor perinatal survival in the remote mountain villages of Nepal. The study setting comprised two remote mountain villages from a mid-western mountain district of Nepal that ranks lowest on the Human Development Index (0.304), and is reported as having the lowest child survival rates in the country. METHODS: The findings are taken from a larger study of perinatal survival in remote mountain villages of Nepal, conducted through a qualitative methodological approach within a framework of social constructionist and critical theoretical perspectives...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764384/caesarean-section-audit-to-improve-quality-of-care-in-a-rural-referral-hospital-in-tanzania
#14
Luuk Dekker, Tessa Houtzager, Omary Kilume, John Horogo, Jos van Roosmalen, Angelo Sadock Nyamtema
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section (CS) is often a life-saving procedure, but can also lead to serious complications, even more so in low-resource settings. Therefore unnecessary CS should be avoided and optimal circumstances for vaginal delivery should be created. In this study, we aim to audit indications for Caesarean sections and improve decision-making and obstetric management. METHODS: Audit of all cases of CS performed from January to August 2013 was performed in a rural referral hospital in Tanzania...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759082/barriers-to-identifying-eating-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-postnatal-period-a-qualitative-approach
#15
Amanda Bye, Jill Shawe, Debra Bick, Abigail Easter, Megan Kash-Macdonald, Nadia Micali
BACKGROUND: Eating Disorders (ED) are mental health disorders that typically effect women of childbearing age and are associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes. UK healthcare guidance recommends routine enquiry for current and past mental illness in antenatal and postnatal care for all women, and that pregnant women with a known ED are offered enhanced monitoring and support. Midwives and health visitors are ideally placed to identify and support women with ED as they are often the primary point of contact during the antenatal and postnatal periods...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751797/the-effects-of-centering-pregnancy-on-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-in-northern-nigeria-a-prospective-cohort-analysis
#16
George I Eluwa, Sylvia B Adebajo, Kwasi Torpey, Oladapo Shittu, Shittu Abdu-Aguye, Daniel Pearlman, Umma Bawa, Aira Olorukooba, Hadiza Khamofu, Robert Chiegli
BACKGROUND: Maternal and infant mortality remains high in Nigeria primarily due to low use of skilled birth attendants. Huge disparities exist between southern and northen Nigeria on use of skilled birth attendants with south significantly higher than the north. We assessed the effect of centering pregnancy group (CPG) antenatal care on the uptake of antenatal care (ANC), facility delivery and immunization rates for infants in Kano state. METHODS: Between December 2012 and May 2014, pregnant women with similar sociodemographics and obstetric history were enrolled into intervention (CPG) and control groups and followed up prospectively...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751791/a-cohort-of-women-with-ectopic-pregnancy-challenges-in-diagnosis-and-management-in-a-rural-hospital-in-a-low-income-country
#17
R Mooij, G C Mgalega, I H Mwampagatwa, J van Dillen, J Stekelenburg
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) is a serious complication of early pregnancy. In low-income countries diagnosis of EP is difficult and it is a major contributor to maternal mortality. We aimed to assess and improve the diagnostic process of women with EP. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective medical records study of all women with confirmed EP in Ndala Hospital from 2010 to 2012. We used data on demographics, symptoms, diagnostic procedures, surgical findings, treatment and post-operative status...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751788/determination-of-medical-abortion-success-by-women-and-community-health-volunteers-in-nepal-using-a-symptom-checklist
#18
Kathryn L Andersen, Mary Fjerstad, Indira Basnett, Shailes Neupane, Valerie Acre, Sharad Sharma, Emily Jackson
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine if female community health volunteers (FCHVs) and literate women in Nepal can accurately determine success of medical abortion (MA) using a symptom checklist, compared to experienced abortion providers. METHODS: Women undergoing MA, and FCHVs, independently assessed the success of each woman's abortion using an 8-question symptom checklist. Any answers in a red-shaded box indicated that the abortion may not have been successful...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751785/low-birth-weight-among-term-newborns-in-wolaita-sodo-town-south-ethiopia-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#19
Samson Kastro, Tsegaye Demissie, Bereket Yohannes
BACKGROUND: In low income countries, many low birth weight newborns often miss the chance for survival sooner or later. Others who survive would also face increased risks in later life. Though not adequately documented in Ethiopia, maternal factors pose the main risk. This study was aimed to estimate the proportion of low birth weight among term singletons without congenital malformations and factors associated with it in Wolaita Sodo town in South Ethiopia. METHODS: We did a facility based survey involving 432 postpartum women with their term newborns...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747604/barriers-and-facilitators-to-preventive-interventions-for-the-development-of-obstetric-fistulas-among-women-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#20
Eniya Lufumpa, Lucy Doos, Antje Lindenmeyer
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a debilitating childbearing injury that results from poorly managed obstructed labour, leading to the development of holes between the vagina and bladder and/or rectum. Effects of this injury are long-lasting, as women become incontinent and are often marginalised from their communities. Despite continuous occurrence of this injury in lower-income countries, it is preventable, as evidenced in high-income countries. This systematic review aims to identify and understand barriers and facilitators to interventions aimed at the prevention of obstetric fistulas in sub-Saharan African women...
May 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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