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BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088242/differences-in-spatial-distributions-of-iron-supplementation-use-among-pregnant-women-and-associated-factors-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-national-population-based-survey
#1
Demewoz Haile, Lianna Tabar, Yihunie Lakew
BACKGROUND: Iron supplementation during pregnancy prevents against low birth weight, incidence of prematurity and postpartum hemorrhage. However, the coverage of iron supplementation is still low in Ethiopia. This study aimed to investigate the spatial variations and associated factors of iron supplementation during pregnancy using the 2011 national demographic and health survey data. METHODS: This study used secondary data from the 2011 Ethiopian demographic and health survey...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088194/testing-a-cognitive-model-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth
#2
Lydia King, Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: One third of women describes their childbirth as traumatic and between 0.8 and 6.9% goes on to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive model of PTSD has been shown to be applicable to a range of trauma samples. However, childbirth is qualitatively different to other trauma types and special consideration needs to be taken when applying it to this population. Previous studies have investigated some cognitive variables in isolation but no study has so far looked at all the key processes described in the cognitive model...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086827/mothers-accounts-of-the-impact-on-emotional-wellbeing-of-organised-peer-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood-a-qualitative-study
#3
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is a potentially vulnerable time for mothers' mental health and approximately 9-21% of women experience depression and/or anxiety at this time. Many more experience sub-clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as stress, low self-esteem and a loss of confidence. Women's emotional wellbeing is more at risk if they have little social support, a low income, are single parents or have a poor relationship with their partner. Peer support can comprise emotional, affirmational, informational and practical support; evidence of its impact on emotional wellbeing during pregnancy and afterwards is mixed...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086823/a-realist-review-of-the-partograph-when-and-how-does-it-work-for-labour-monitoring
#4
Carol Bedwell, Karen Levin, Celia Pett, Dame Tina Lavender
BACKGROUND: The partograph (or partogram) is recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO), for monitoring labour wellbeing and progress. Concerns about limitations in the way the partograph is used in the clinical context and the potential impact on its effectiveness have led to this realist systematic review of partograph use. METHODS: This review aimed to answer two key questions, 1) What is it about the partograph that works (or does not work); for whom does it work; and in what circumstances? 2) What are the essential inputs required for the partograph to work? A comprehensive search strategy encompassed key databases; including papers of varying methodologies...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086822/assessment-of-quality-of-care-among-in-patients-with-postpartum-haemorrhage-and-severe-pre-eclampsia-at-st-francis-hospital-nsambya-a-criteria-based-audit
#5
Alfred Lumala, Peter Sekweyama, Andrew Abaasa, Humphrey Lwanga, Romano Byaruhanga
BACKGROUND: The maternal mortality ratio of Uganda is still high and the leading causes of maternal mortality are postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Criteria-based audit (CBA) is a way of improving quality of care that has not been commonly used in low income countries. This study aimed at finding out the quality of care provided to patients with these conditions and to find out if the implementation of recommendations from the audit cycle resulted in improvement in quality of care...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086820/primary-prevention-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-through-nutritional-factors-a-systematic-review
#6
Mikel Donazar-Ezcurra, Cristina López-Del Burgo, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset during pregnancy, is increasing worldwide, mostly because obesity among women of reproductive age is continuously escalating. GDM is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. The aim of this article was to systematically review literature on the effectiveness of nutritional factors before or during pregnancy to prevent GDM. METHODS: We assessed the primary prevention of GDM through nutritional factors, as diet and supplements...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077101/erratum-to-does-acupuncture-have-a-role-in-the-treatment-of-threatened-miscarriage-findings-from-a-feasibility-randomised-trial-and-semi-structured-participant-interviews
#7
Debra Betts, Caroline A Smith, Hannah G Dahlen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077098/validity-of-gestational-age-estimates-by-last-menstrual-period-and-neonatal-examination-compared-to-ultrasound-in-vietnam
#8
Nicholas P Deputy, Phuong H Nguyen, Hoa Pham, Son Nguyen, Lynnette Neufeld, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of gestational age is important for both clinical and public health purposes. Estimates of gestational age using fetal ultrasound measurements are considered most accurate but are frequently unavailable in low- and middle-income countries. The objective of this study was to assess the validity of last menstrual period and Farr neonatal examination estimates of gestational age, compared to ultrasound estimates, in a large cohort of women in Vietnam. METHODS: Data for this analysis come from a randomized, placebo-controlled micronutrient supplementation trial in Vietnam...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077096/rates-and-trends-in-cesarean-sections-between-2008-and-2012-in-iraq
#9
Nazar P Shabila
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cesarean sections is increasing globally; however, it can lead to significant increases in maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the rates and trends of cesarean sections in Iraq. METHODS: The cesarean section rates of all births and public and private hospital-based births were calculated from the data on births provided by the annual reports of the Iraqi Ministry of Health for the years 2008 and 2012...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077095/geographic-information-system-for-improving-maternal-and-newborn-health-recommendations-for-policy-and-programs
#10
Yordanos B Molla, Barbara Rawlins, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Marc Cunningham, Juan Eugenio Hernández Ávila, Corrine Warren Ruktanonchai, Kavita Singh, Sylvia Alford, Mira Thompson, Vikas Dwivedi, Allisyn C Moran, Zoe Matthews
This correspondence argues and offers recommendations for how Geographic Information System (GIS) applied to maternal and newborn health data could potentially be used as part of the broader efforts for ending preventable maternal and newborn mortality. These recommendations were generated from a technical consultation on reporting and mapping maternal deaths that was held in Washington, DC from January 12 to 13, 2015 and hosted by the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) global Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP)...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077073/student-midwives-perceptions-on-the-organisation-of-maternity-care-and-alternative-maternity-care-models-in-the-netherlands-a-qualitative-study
#11
J Catja Warmelink, T Paul de Cock, Yvonne Combee, Marloes Rongen, Therese A Wiegers, Eileen K Hutton
BACKGROUND: A major change in the organisation of maternity care in the Netherlands is under consideration, going from an echelon system where midwives provide primary care in the community and refer to obstetricians for secondary and tertiary care, to a more integrated maternity care system involving midwives and obstetricians at all care levels. Student midwives are the future maternity care providers and they may be entering into a changing maternity care system, so inclusion of their views in the discussion is relevant...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077067/use-of-antidepressants-during-pregnancy-in-the-netherlands-observational-study-into-postpartum-interventions
#12
Noera Kieviet, Fokke de Jong, Fedde Scheele, Koert M Dolman, Adriaan Honig
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders and use of selective antidepressants during pregnancy can have negative effects on mother and infant postpartum. This study aimed to provide evidence-based recommendations on observation of antidepressant-exposed mother-infant dyads. METHODS: In this observational study, mother-infant dyads were observed for possible consequences of either the maternal psychiatric disorder or fetal exposure to selective antidepressants during pregnancy...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068990/risk-factors-for-severe-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-case-control-study
#13
Lill Trine Nyfløt, Irene Sandven, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Silje Pettersen, Iqbal Al-Zirqi, Margit Rosenberg, Anne Flem Jacobsen, Siri Vangen
BACKGROUND: In high-income countries, the incidence of severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) has increased. This has important public health relevance because severe PPH is a leading cause of major maternal morbidity. However, few studies have identified risk factors for severe PPH within a contemporary obstetric cohort. METHODS: We performed a case-control study to identify risk factors for severe PPH among a cohort of women who delivered at one of three hospitals in Norway between 2008 and 2011...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068953/pregnant-human-peripheral-leukocyte-migration-during-several-late-pregnancy-clinical-conditions-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#14
Jun Takeda, Xin Fang, David M Olson
BACKGROUND: Parturition at term and preterm is characterized by sterile inflammatory processes occurring in the absence of infection whereby peripheral leukocytes infiltrate gestational tissues in response to chemotactic signals. In response to a homing signal, recruited leukocytes undergo diapedesis and extravasate through capillaries, migrating into stromal tissue. There they interact with resident immune and stromal cells to produce a mixture of matrix metalloproteinases, prostaglandins and cytokines including interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-6 that in turn transform the uterus from pregnancy to parturition...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068948/women-s-preferences-for-childbirth-experiences-in-the-republic-of-ireland-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Patricia Larkin, Cecily M Begley, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: How women experience childbirth is acknowledged as critical to the postnatal wellbeing of mother and baby. However there is a knowledge deficit in identifying the important elements of these experiences in order to enhance care. This study elicits women's preferences for the most important elements of their childbirth experiences. METHODS: A mixed methods design was used. An initial qualitative phase (reported previously) was followed by a second quantitative one using a discrete choice experiment (DCE), which is reported on here...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068932/women-s-descriptions-of-childbirth-trauma-relating-to-care-provider-actions-and-interactions
#16
Rachel Reed, Rachael Sharman, Christian Inglis
BACKGROUND: Many women experience psychological trauma during birth. A traumatic birth can impact on postnatal mental health and family relationships. It is important to understand how interpersonal factors influence women's experience of trauma in order to inform the development of care that promotes optimal psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: As part of a large mixed methods study, 748 women completed an online survey and answered the question 'describe the birth trauma experience, and what you found traumatising'...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068930/self-reported-diabetes-during-pregnancy-in-the-south-african-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-extent-and-social-determinants
#17
Lumbwe Chola, Chipo Mutyambizi, Ronel Sewpaul, Whadi-Ah Parker, Zandile Mchiza, Demetre Labadarios, Charles Hongoro
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a serious and growing public health concern in South Africa, but its prevalence and distribution in pregnant women is not well known. Women diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy have a substantially greater risk of adverse health outcomes for both mother and child. This study aims to determine the prevalence and social determinants of diabetes during pregnancy in South Africa. METHODS: Data used in this study were from the 2012 South African National Nutrition and Health Examination Survey; a nationally representative cross-sectional household survey...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068927/subgroup-identification-of-early-preterm-birth-eptb-informing-a-future-prospective-enrichment-clinical-trial-design
#18
Chuanwu Zhang, Lili Garrard, John Keighley, Susan Carlson, Byron Gajewski
BACKGROUND: Despite the widely recognized association between the severity of early preterm birth (ePTB) and its related severe diseases, little is known about the potential risk factors of ePTB and the sub-population with high risk of ePTB. Moreover, motivated by a future confirmatory clinical trial to identify whether supplementing pregnant women with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has a different effect on the risk subgroup population or not in terms of ePTB prevalence, this study aims to identify potential risk subgroups and risk factors for ePTB, defined as babies born less than 34 weeks of gestation...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068945/why-women-bleed-and-how-they-are-saved-a-cross-sectional-study-of-caesarean-section-near-miss-morbidity
#19
S Maswime, E J Buchmann
BACKGROUND: Maternal deaths from 'bleeding during and after caesarean section' (BDACS) have increased in South Africa, and have now become the largest sub-cause of deaths from obstetric haemorrhage. The aim of this study was to describe risk factors and causes of near-miss related to BDACS and interventions used to arrest haemorrhage and treat its effects. METHODS: Cross-sectional prospective study in 13 urban public hospitals in South Africa, from July to December 2014...
January 9, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068942/prevalence-of-burnout-depression-anxiety-and-stress-in-australian-midwives-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
D K Creedy, M Sidebotham, J Gamble, Julie Pallant, J Fenwick
BACKGROUND: The health and wellbeing of midwives are important considerations for workforce retention and quality care. The occurrence and relationships among mental health conditions such as burnout and depression have received little attention. We investigated the prevalence of burnout, depression, anxiety and stress in Australian midwives. METHODS: An online survey was conducted in September 2014. Participants were recruited through the Australian College of Midwives and professional networks...
January 9, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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