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BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431565/traditional-birth-attendant-reorientation-and-motherpacks-incentive-s-effect-on-health-facility-delivery-uptake-in-narok-county-kenya-an-impact-analysis
#1
John Emmanuel Kitui, Vaughan Dutton, Dirk Bester, Rachel Ndirangu, Susan Wangai, Stephen Ngugi
BACKGROUND: A community health programme in Narok County in Kenya aimed to improve skilled birth assistance during childbirth through two demand side interventions. First, traditional birth attendants (TBAs) were co-opted into using their influence to promote use of skilled birth attendants (SBAs) at health facilities during delivery, and to accompany pregnant women to health facilities in return for a Ksh500 (Approximately USD5 as of August 2016) cash incentive for each pregnant mother they accompanied...
April 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427372/protocol-for-evaluation-of-the-continuum-of-primary-care-in-the-case-of-a-miscarriage-in-the-emergency-room-a-mixed-method-study
#2
Francine de Montigny, Chantal Verdon, Diane Dubeau, Annie Devault, Martin St-André, Éric Tchouaket Nguemeleu, Carl Lacharité
BACKGROUND: In Quebec (Canada), nearly 20,000 pregnancies end in miscarriage, and the majority of the miscarriages are dealt with in an emergency unit. Although there are studies documenting the effects of this type of grief on mental health, men's experiences are much less discussed than those of women. Similarly, no study has evaluated best practices in terms of service continuity, from emergency care to community resources. The aim of this study is to better understand the relationships that exist between the organization of emergency room and primary care health services for women presenting with miscarriage, on the one hand, and the positions and experiences of women and men within these services, on the other...
April 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420328/talking-about-intimate-partner-violence-in-multi-cultural-antenatal-care-a-qualitative-study-of-pregnant-women-s-advice-for-better-communication-in-south-east-norway
#3
Lisa Maria Garnweidner-Holme, Mirjam Lukasse, Miriam Solheim, Lena Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women constitutes a major public health problem. Antenatal care is considered a window of opportunity to disclose and to communicate about IPV. However, little is known about how women from different ethnic backgrounds wish to communicate about their experiences with IPV during pregnancy in antenatal care. The aim of the present study was to explore how women from different ethnic backgrounds experienced IPV and what their recommendations were about how midwives should communicate about IPV in antenatal care...
April 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415967/chewing-gum-for-intestinal-function-recovery-after-caesarean-section-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Zunjia Wen, Meifen Shen, Chao Wu, Jianping Ding, Binbin Mei
BACKGROUND: Gum chewing has been reported to enhance the intestinal function recovery after caesarean section, current perspectives and practice guidelines vary widely on the use of gum chewing, more studies on the role of gum chewing after caesarean section are needed. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive, systematic meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the efficacy of gum chewing after caesarean section. Studies were identified by searching EMBASE et al database (until June 30, 2016)...
April 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415966/birth-by-caesarean-section-and-school-performance-in-swedish-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#5
Eileen A Curran, Louise C Kenny, Christina Dalman, Patricia M Kearney, John F Cryan, Timothy G Dinan, Ali S Khashan
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to assess the impact of obstetric mode of delivery, and in particular birth by Caesarean section (CS), on school performance in adolescents using a large, population-based cohort. METHODS: We extracted data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register and National School Register. We included all live singleton births in Sweden from 1982-1995 (n = 1,489,925). School grades were reported on a scale from 0 to 320, scores less than 160 (i...
April 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415965/the-pregnancy-environment-and-lifestyle-study-petals-a-population-based-longitudinal-multi-racial-birth-cohort
#6
Yeyi Zhu, Monique M Hedderson, Juanran Feng, Ashley A Mevi, Assiamira Ferrara
BACKGROUND: Increasing recognition has been received regarding the proven and suggested links between multi-level environmental exposures on a broad scale (e.g., chemical, clinical, behavioral, physical and social) and health deficits originated from the critical window of development. However, such prospective human data are limited. In 2016, the National Institutes of Health funded 35 centers comprising 84 extant cohorts for the Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) pediatric cohorts program...
April 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410584/case-crossover-study-to-examine-the-change-in-postpartum-risk-of-pulmonary-embolism-over-time
#7
Grégoire Ficheur, Alexandre Caron, Jean-Baptiste Beuscart, Laurie Ferret, Yu-Jin Jung, Charles Garabedian, Régis Beuscart, Emmanuel Chazard
BACKGROUND: Although the current guidelines recommend anticoagulation up until 6 weeks after delivery in women at high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), the risk of VTE may extend beyond 6 weeks. Our objective was to estimate the risk of a pulmonary embolism in successive 2-week intervals during the postpartum period. METHODS: In a population-based, case-crossover study, we analyzed the French national inpatient database from 2007 to 2013 (n = 5,517,680 singleton deliveries)...
April 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410576/knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-pharmacogenetics-among-formerly-pregnant-women-in-the-netherlands-and-their-interest-in-pharmacogenetic-research
#8
Aizati N A Daud, Eefke L Bergsma, Jorieke E H Bergman, Hermien E K De Walle, Wilhelmina S Kerstjens-Frederikse, Bert J Bijker, Eelko Hak, Bob Wilffert
BACKGROUND: Pharmacogenetics is an emerging field currently being implemented to improve safety when prescribing drugs. While many women who take drugs during pregnancy would likely benefit from such personalized drug therapy, data is lacking on the awareness towards pharmacogenetics among women. We aim to determine the level of knowledge and acceptance of formerly pregnant women in the Netherlands regarding pharmacogenetics and its implementation, and their interest in pharmacogenetic research...
April 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403832/centering-and-racial-disparities-cradle-study-rationale-and-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-centeringpregnancy-and-birth-outcomes
#9
Liwei Chen, Amy H Crockett, Sarah Covington-Kolb, Emily Heberlein, Lu Zhang, Xiaoqian Sun
BACKGROUND: In the United States, preterm birth (PTB) before 37 weeks gestational age occurs at an unacceptably high rate, and large racial disparities persist. To date, medical and public health interventions have achieved limited success in reducing rates of PTB. Innovative changes in healthcare delivery are needed to improve pregnancy outcomes. One such model is CenteringPregnancy group prenatal care (GPNC), in which individual physical assessments are combined with facilitated group education and social support...
April 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403833/maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-of-uterine-rupture-and-factors-associated-with-maternal-death-secondary-to-uterine-rupture
#10
Geremew Astatikie, Miteku Andualem Limenih, Mihiretu Kebede
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality and morbidity are the priority agenda for sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia. Uterine rupture is the leading cause of maternal and fetal death in developing countries. Limited evidence is available on the magnitude of uterine rupture; maternal and fetal outcomes of uterine rupture and factors associated with maternal death secondary to uterine rupture in Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the magnitude of uterine rupture; maternal and fetal outcome of uterine rupture and factors associated with maternal death secondary to uterine rupture in Debremarkos Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia...
April 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403824/using-a-quality-improvement-model-to-enhance-providers-performance-in-maternal-and-newborn-health-care-a-post-only-intervention-and-comparison-design
#11
Firew Ayalew, Gizachew Eyassu, Negash Seyoum, Jos van Roosmalen, Eva Bazant, Young Mi Kim, Alemnesh Tekleberhan, Hannah Gibson, Ephrem Daniel, Jelle Stekelenburg
BACKGROUND: The Standards Based Management and Recognition (SBM-R(©)) approach to quality improvement has been implemented in Ethiopia to strengthen routine maternal and newborn health (MNH) services. This evaluation assessed the effect of the intervention on MNH providers' performance of routine antenatal care (ANC), uncomplicated labor and delivery and immediate postnatal care (PNC) services. METHODS: A post-only evaluation design was conducted at three hospitals and eight health centers implementing SBM-R and the same number of comparison health facilities...
April 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403816/substantial-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-maternity-care-practitioner-consultations-and-treatments-during-pregnancy-estimates-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-pregnant-women-in-australia
#12
Jon Adams, Amie Steel, Jane Frawley, Alex Broom, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: A wide range of health care options are utilised by pregnant women in Australia. The out-of-pocket costs of maternity care in Australia vary depending on many factors including model of care utilised, health insurance coverage, and women's decision to access health services outside of conventional maternity care provision. METHODS: Women from the 1973-78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) who identified as pregnant or as recently having given birth in 2009 were invited to complete a sub-study questionnaire investigating health service utilisation during their most recent pregnancy...
April 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403813/beliefs-and-practices-during-pregnancy-post-partum-and-in-the-first-days-of-an-infant-s-life-in-rural-cambodia
#13
Claudia Turner, Sreymom Pol, Kamsan Suon, Leakhena Neou, Nicholas P J Day, Michael Parker, Patricia Kingori
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to record the beliefs, practices during pregnancy, post-partum and in the first few days of an infant's life, held by a cross section of the community in rural Cambodia to determine beneficial community interventions to improve early neonatal health. METHODS: Qualitative study design with data generated from semi structured interviews (SSI) and focus group discussions (FGD). Data were analysed by thematic content analysis, with an a priori coding structure developed using available relevant literature...
April 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399895/impact-of-maternal-respiratory-infections-on-low-birth-weight-a-community-based-longitudinal-study-in-an-urban-setting-in-pakistan
#14
Asad Ali, Umber Zaman, Sadia Mahmud, Gul-E-Shehwar Zahid, Momin Kazi, William A Petri, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Anita Zaidi, Molly A Hughes
BACKGROUND: The health of mothers and their newborns is intricately related. The weight of the infant at birth is a powerful predictor of infant growth and survival, and is considered to be partly dependent on maternal health and nutrition during pregnancy. We conducted a longitudinal study in an urban community within Karachi to determine maternal predictors of newborn birth weight. METHODS: Four hundred pregnant women were enrolled in the study during the period 2011-2013...
April 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399841/building-a-research-registry-for-studying-birth-complications-and-outcomes-in-six-palestinian-governmental-hospitals
#15
Sahar Hassan, Ase Vikanes, Katariina Laine, Khaled Zimmo, Mohammad Zimmo, Espen Bjertness, Erik Fosse
BACKGROUND: Electronic-health (e-health) provides opportunities for quality improvement of healthcare, but implementation in low and middle income countries is still limited. Our aim was to describe the implementation of a registration (case record form; CRF) for obstetric interventions and childbirth events using e-health in a prospective birth cohort study in Palestine. We also report the completeness and the reliability of the data. METHODS: Data on maternal and fetal health was collected prospectively for all women admitted to give birth during the period from 1st March 2015 to 31st December 2015 in three governmental hospitals in Gaza and three in the West Bank...
April 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399825/maternal-weight-status-and-responsiveness-to-preterm-infant-behavioral-cues-during-feeding
#16
Evanthia A Arianas, Kristin M Rankin, Kathleen F Norr, Rosemary C White-Traut
BACKGROUND: Parental obesity is highly predictive of child obesity, and preterm infants are at greater risk of obesity, but little is known about obese and non-obese mothers' responsiveness to preterm infant cues during feeding. The relationship between maternal weight status and response to preterm infant behavioral cues during feeding at 6-weeks corrected age was examined. METHODS: This secondary analysis used data from a randomized clinical trial. Maternal weight was coded during a play session...
April 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390414/factors-associated-with-recovery-from-1%C3%A2-minute-apgar-score-4-in-live-singleton-term-births-an-analysis-of-malaysian-national-obstetrics-registry-data-2010-2012
#17
Ravichandran Jeganathan, Shamala D Karalasingam, Julia Hussein, Pascale Allotey, Daniel D Reidpath
BACKGROUND: The neonatal Apgar score at 5 min has been found to be a better predictor of outcomes than the Apgar score at 1 min. A baby, however, must pass through the first minute of life to reach the fifth. There has been no research looking at predictors of recovery (Apgar scores ≥7) by 5 min in neonates with 1 min Apgar scores <4. METHODS: An analysis of observational data was conducted using live, singleton, term births recorded in the Malaysian National Obstetrics Registry between 2010 and 2012...
April 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388882/an-abdominal-ectopic-pregnancy-following-a-frozen-thawed-art-cycle-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Atsushi Yanaihara, Shirei Ohgi, Kenichirou Motomura, Yuko Hagiwara, Tae Mogami, Keisuke Saito, Takumi Yanaihara
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) occurs in 1% of pregnancies and is reported to be more common in in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) pregnancies. An abdominal ectopic pregnancy (AEP) is a rare form of EP, and there are few reports of an AEP after IVF/ICSI. In this case report, a rare case of AEP after frozen-thawed cycle of ICSI is presented. CASE PRESENTATION: After a frozen-thawed cycle of ICSI, the beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) level at 4 weeks 0 days of gestation was 3...
April 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388879/high-sero-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-virus-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infections-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-at-temeke-municipal-health-facilities-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Joel Manyahi, Yohannes Msigwa, Francis Mhimbira, Mtebe Majigo
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in pregnancy is associated with direct effect of pregnancy and potential viral transmission from mother to newborn. In Tanzania very little in known on prevalence of HBV infection and their associated factors among pregnant women in lower health facilities. The main objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of HBsAg, HIV and HBV-HIV co-infection among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Dar es Salaam...
April 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376740/maternal-27-hydroxycholesterol-concentrations-during-the-course-of-pregnancy-and-in-pregnancy-pathologies
#20
Brigitte Sophia Winkler, Ulrich Pecks, Laila Najjari, Nicola Kleine-Eggebrecht, Nicolai Maass, Markus Mohaupt, Geneviève Escher
BACKGROUND: The oxysterol 27-hydroxycholesterol (27-OHC) plays an important role in the regulation of cholesterol homeostasis. Pregnancy pathologies like preeclampsia (PE), HELLP-syndrome (HELLP), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and intrahepatic cholestasis in pregnancy (ICP) are linked to disturbances in lipid metabolism. In the present study, we hypothesized a specific gestational regulation of 27-OHC and compromised 27-OHC levels due to placental and hepatic diseases in pregnancy resulting in a dysregulation of lipid metabolism...
April 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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