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BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141591/the-impact-of-pregnancy-loss-on-men-s-health-and-wellbeing-a-systematic-review
#1
Clemence Due, Stephanie Chiarolli, Damien W Riggs
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that men's psychological and physical health outcomes after pregnancy loss differ from those of women. Our goal was to identify all literature with a focus on men's experiences of pregnancy loss in order to outline current evidence concerning men's wellbeing. METHODS: A systematic review of literature on men and pregnancy loss was undertaken following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) and Social Care Institute for Excellence (SCIE) guidelines...
November 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141587/video-feedback-promotes-relations-between-infants-and-vulnerable-first-time-mothers-a-quasi-experimental-study
#2
Ingeborg Hedegaard Kristensen, Marianne Simonsen, Tea Trillingsgaard, Hanne Kronborg
BACKGROUND: Supporting early mother-infant relationships to ensure infants' future health has been recommended. The aim of this study was to investigate whether video feedback using the Marte Meo method promotes a healthy early relationship between infants and vulnerable first-time mothers. Video feedback or usual care was delivered by health visitors during home visits in Danish municipalities. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study included pre- and post-tests of 278 vulnerable families...
November 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137602/behaviour-change-interventions-to-reduce-second-hand-smoke-exposure-at-home-in-pregnant-women-a-systematic-review-and-intervention-appraisal
#3
Mukesh Dherani, Syeda Nosheen Zehra, Cath Jackson, Veena Satyanaryana, Rumana Huque, Prabha Chandra, Atif Rahman, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND: Second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure during pregnancy is associated with poor pregnancy and foetal outcomes. Theory-based behaviour change interventions (BCI) have been used successfully to change smoking related behaviours and offer the potential to reduce exposure of SHS in pregnant women. Systematic reviews conducted so far do not evaluate the generalisability and scalability of interventions. The objectives of this review were to (1) report the BCIs for reduction in home exposure to SHS for pregnant women; and (2) critically appraise intervention-reporting, generalisability, feasibility and scalability of the BCIs employed...
November 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137599/neonatal-outcomes-of-deliveries-in-occiput-posterior-position-when-delayed-pushing-is-practiced-a-cohort-study
#4
Kristina Dahlqvist, Maria Jonsson
BACKGROUND: To examine the impact of occiput posterior position, compared to occiput anterior position, on neonatal outcomes in a setting where delayed pushing is practiced. The specific aim was to estimate the risk of acidaemia. METHODS: Cohort study from a university hospital in Sweden between 2004 and 2012. Information was collected from a local database of 35,546 births. Umbilical artery sampling was routine. Outcomes were: umbilical artery pH < 7.00 and <7...
November 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132414/effect-of-frenotomy-on-breastfeeding-variables-in-infants-with-ankyloglossia-tongue-tie-a-prospective-before-and-after-cohort-study
#5
Kathryn Muldoon, Louise Gallagher, Denise McGuinness, Valerie Smith
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists regarding ankyloglossia (tongue-tie) and its clinical impact on breastfeeding, including the benefits, or otherwise, of tongue-tie release (frenotomy). As exclusive breastfeeding rates in Ireland are already considerably low (46% on discharge home from the maternity unit following birth in 2014), it is imperative to protect and support breastfeeding, including identifying the associated effects that frenotomy might have on breastfeeding variables. OBJECTIVE: To determine the associated effects of frenotomy on breastfeeding variables in infants with ankyloglossia...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132349/measurement-properties-of-comorbidity-indices-in-maternal-health-research-a-systematic-review
#6
Kazuyoshi Aoyama, Rohan D'Souza, Eiichi Inada, Stephen E Lapinsky, Robert A Fowler
BACKGROUND: Maternal critical illness occurs in 1.2 to 4.7 of every 1000 live births in the United States and approximately 1 in 100 women who become critically ill will die. Patient characteristics and comorbid conditions are commonly summarized as an index or score for the purpose of predicting the likelihood of dying; however, most such indices have arisen from non-pregnant patient populations. We sought to systematically review comorbidity indices used in health administrative datasets of pregnant women, in order to critically appraise their measurement properties and recommend optimal tools for clinicians and maternal health researchers...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132342/a-low-cost-uterine-balloon-tamponade-for-management-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-modeling-the-potential-impact-on-maternal-mortality-and-morbidity-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
Tara Herrick, Mercy Mvundura, Thomas F Burke, Elizabeth Abu-Haydar
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal deaths worldwide. This study sought to quantify the potential health impact (morbidity and mortality reductions) that a low-cost uterine balloon tamponade (UBT) could have on women suffering from uncontrolled PPH due to uterine atony in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: The Maternal and Neonatal Directed Assessment of Technology (MANDATE) model was used to estimate maternal deaths, surgeries averted, and cases of severe anemia prevented through UBT use among women with PPH who receive a uterotonic drug but fail this therapy in a health facility...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132338/determinants-of-stillbirth-among-women-deliveries-at-amhara-region-ethiopia
#8
Demeke Lakew, Dereje Tesfaye, Haile Mekonnen
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth is one of general medical issues that could contribute significantly to creating nations like Ethiopia. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and related factors of stillbirth among deliveries at Amhara region, Ethiopia. METHODS: The study used the Ethiopian Mini Demographic and Health Survey (EMDHS) data collected from 2555 eligible Amhara region women in 2014. Bi-variable and multi-variable binary logistic regression analysis was used...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132336/study-protocol-the-labor-progression-study-laps-does-the-use-of-a-dynamic-progression-guideline-in-labor-reduce-the-rate-of-intrapartum-cesarean-sections-in-nulliparous-women-a-multicenter-cluster-randomized-trial-in-norway
#9
Stine Bernitz, Rebecka Dalbye, Pål Øian, Jun Zhang, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Ellen Blix
BACKGROUND: The increasing rate of intrapartum cesarean sections is subject of attention and concern as it is associated with adverse outcomes. Labor dystocia is one of the most frequent indications for cesarean sections even though there is no consensus on criteria for labor dystocia. Traditionally the progression of labor follows guidelines based on Friedman's curve from the mid 1950s. In 2010 Zhang presented a new labor curve and a dynamic guideline for labor progression based on contemporary research...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132325/level-causes-and-risk-factors-of-stillbirth-a-population-based-case-control-study-from-chandigarh-india
#10
Ariarathinam Newtonraj, Manmeet Kaur, Madhu Gupta, Rajesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Globally, India ranks first in the absolute number of stillbirths. Hence, the level, causes, and risk factors of stillbirths were estimated to facilitate designing of prevention strategy. METHODS: Capture and recapture method was used to identify 301 stillbirths from 1st July 2013 to 31st August 2014 in Chandigarh Union Territory of India. Verbal autopsies (n = 181) were done at household level to identify causes of stillbirths. Risk factors were determined using case-control approach...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132322/stillbirth-is-associated-with-perceived-alterations-in-fetal-activity-findings-from-an-international-case-control-study
#11
Alexander E P Heazell, Jane Warland, Tomasina Stacey, Christin Coomarasamy, Jayne Budd, Edwin A Mitchell, Louise M O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth after 28 weeks gestation affects between 1.3-8.8 per 1000 births in high-income countries. The majority of stillbirths in this setting occur in women without established risk factors. Identification of risk factors which could be identified and managed in pregnancy is a priority in stillbirth prevention research. This study aimed to evaluate women's experiences of fetal movements and how these relate to stillbirth. METHODS: An international internet-based case-control study of women who had a stillbirth ≥28 weeks' gestation within 30 days prior to completing the survey (n = 153) and women with an ongoing pregnancy or a live born child (n = 480)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132320/histologic-chorioamnionitis-does-not-modulate-the-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-status-in-pregnancies-complicated-by-spontaneous-preterm-delivery
#12
Laura Fernandes Martin, Natália Prearo Moço, Moisés Diôgo de Lima, Jossimara Polettini, Hélio Amante Miot, Camila Renata Corrêa, Ramkumar Menon, Márcia Guimarães da Silva
BACKGROUND: Infection induced-inflammation and other risk factors for spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) and preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM) may cause a redox imbalance, increasing the release of free radicals and consuming antioxidant defenses. Oxidative stress, in turn, can initiate intracellular signaling cascades that increase the production of pro-inflammatory mediators. The objective of this study was to evaluate the oxidative damage to proteins and antioxidant capacity profiles in amniochorion membranes from preterm birth (PTB) and preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM) and to determine the role of histologic chorioamnionitis in this scenario...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121870/trends-in-newborn-umbilical-cord-care-practices-in-sokoto-and-bauchi-states-of-nigeria-the-where-who-how-what-and-the-ubiquitous-role-of-traditional-birth-attendants-a-lot-quality-assurance-sampling-survey
#13
Dele Abegunde, Nosa Orobaton, Katherine Beal, Amos Bassi, Moyosola Bamidele, Toyin Akomolafe, Francis Ohanyido, Olayinka Umar-Farouk, Saba'atu Danladi
BACKGROUND: Neonatal infections caused by unsafe umbilical cord practices account for the majority of neonatal deaths in Nigeria. We examined the trends in umbilical cord care practices between 2012 and 2015 that coincided with the introduction of chlorhexidine digluconate 7.1% gel in Bauchi and Sokoto States. METHODS: We obtained data from three rounds of lot quality assurance samples (LQAS) surveys conducted in 2012, 2013 and 2015. Households were randomly sampled in each round that totaled 1140 and 1311 households in Bauchi and Sokoto States respectively...
November 9, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143680/abortion-as-empowerment-reproductive-rights-activism-in-a-legally-restricted-context
#14
Julia McReynolds-Pérez
BACKGROUND: This paper analyzes the strategies used by activist health professionals in Argentina who justify providing abortion despite legal restrictions on the procedure. These "insider activists" make a case for abortion rights by linking pregnancy termination to a woman's ability to exert agency at a key point in her reproductive life, and argue that refusing women access to the procedure constitutes a grievous health risk. This argument frames pregnancy termination as an issue of empowerment and also as a medical necessity...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143677/women-s-empowerment-related-to-pregnancy-and-childbirth-introduction-to-special-issue
#15
Ndola Prata, Paula Tavrow, Ushma Upadhyay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143674/the-role-of-human-rights-litigation-in-improving-access-to-reproductive-health-care-and-achieving-reductions-in-maternal-mortality
#16
Jennifer Templeton Dunn, Katherine Lesyna, Anna Zaret
BACKGROUND: Improving maternal health, reducing global maternal mortality, and working toward universal access to reproductive health care are global priorities for United Nations agencies, national governments, and civil society organizations. Human rights lawyers have joined this global movement, using international law and domestic constitutions to hold nations accountable for preventable maternal death and for failing to provide access to reproductive health care services. CASE PRESENTATION: This article discusses three decisions in which international treaty bodies find the nations of Brazil and Peru responsible for violations of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and also two domestic decisions alleging constitutional violations in India and Uganda...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143668/women-s-empowerment-and-experiences-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-facilities-in-lucknow-india-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Nadia Diamond-Smith, Emily Treleaven, Nirmala Murthy, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has found widespread reports of women experiencing abuse, neglect, discrimination, and poor interpersonal care during childbirth around the globe. Empowerment may be a protective mechanism for women against facility mistreatment during childbirth. The majority of previous research on mistreatment during childbirth has been qualitative in nature. METHODS: In this analysis, we use quantitative data from 392 women who recently gave birth in a facility in the slums of Lucknow, India, to explore whether measures of women's empowerment are associated with their experiences of mistreatment at their last childbirth...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143636/a-review-of-measures-of-women-s-empowerment-and-related-gender-constructs-in-family-planning-and-maternal-health-program-evaluations-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
Mahua Mandal, Arundati Muralidharan, Sara Pappa
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that gender-integrated interventions, which actively seek to identify and integrate activities that address the role of gender norms and dynamics, improve family planning (FP) and maternal health (MH). To understand the link between the gender components of interventions and FP and MH outcomes, it is critical to examine the gender measures used in evaluations. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of evaluations of gender-integrated FP and MH interventions in low- and middle-income countries...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143635/a-systematic-review-of-concepts-related-to-women-s-empowerment-in-the-perinatal-period-and-their-associations-with-perinatal-depressive-symptoms-and-premature-birth
#19
Esmeralda R Garcia, Ilona S Yim
BACKGROUND: The perinatal period, which we here define as pregnancy and the first year postpartum, is a time in women's lives that involves significant physiological and psychosocial change and adjustment, including changes in their social status and decision-making power. Supporting women's empowerment at this particular time in their lives may be an attractive opportunity to create benefits for maternal and infant health outcomes such as reductions in perinatal depressive symptoms and premature birth rates...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143631/first-birth-and-the-trajectory-of-women-s-empowerment-in-egypt
#20
Goleen Samari
BACKGROUND: Women's empowerment is often used to explain changes in reproductive behavior, but no consideration is given to how reproductive events can shape women's empowerment over time. Fertility may cause changes in women's empowerment, or they may be mutually influencing. Research on women's empowerment and fertility relies on cross-sectional data from South Asia, which limits the understanding of the direction of association between women's empowerment and fertility in other global contexts...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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