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Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)

Suping Zhao, Ye Yu
During the 2013 and 2015 Lanzhou International Marathon Events (LIME1 and LIME2), the local government made a significant effort to improve traffic conditions and air quality by implementing traffic restriction measures. To fill the gap in information on the effect of short-period (several hours) traffic control on urban air quality, submicron particle size distributions and meteorological data were measured simultaneously during June 2013 and June 2015 in urban Lanzhou. The number and surface area concentrations of particles in the 100-200nm range declined by 67...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Himani Uppal, S Swarupa Tripathy, Sneha Chawla, Bharti Sharma, M K Dalai, S P Singh, Sukhvir Singh, Nahar Singh
The present study highlights the potential application of zinc peroxide (ZnO2) nanomaterial as an efficient material for the decontamination of cyanide from contaminated water. A process patent for ZnO2 synthesis has been granted in United States of America (US Patent number 8,715,612; May 2014), South Africa, Bangladesh, and India. The ZnO2 nanomaterial was capped with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) to control the particle size. The PVP capped ZnO2 nanomaterial (PVP-ZnO2) before and after adsorption of cyanide was characterized by scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, X-ray diffractometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and time of flight-secondary ion mass spectrometry...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Xinmin Zhang, Zhigang Xue, Hong Li, Li Yan, Yuan Yang, Yi Wang, Jingchun Duan, Lei Li, Fahe Chai, Miaomiao Cheng, Weiqi Zhang
Owing to rapid economic and industrial development, China has been suffering from degraded air quality and visibility. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are important precursors to the formation of ground-level ozone and hence photochemical smog. Some VOCs adversely affect human health. Therefore, VOCs have recently elicited public concern and given new impetus to scientific interest. China is now implementing a series of polices to control VOCs pollution. The key to formulating policy is understanding the ambient VOCs pollution status...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Xingru Huang, Wei Xiong, Wei Liu, Xiaoyu Guo
In order to evaluate the impact of reclaimed water on the ecology of bacterial communities in the Typha angustifolia L. rhizosphere soil, bacterial community structure was investigated using a combination of terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism and 16S rRNA gene clone library. The results revealed significant spatial variation of bacterial communities along the river from upstream and downstream. For example, a higher relative abundance of γ-Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Chloroflexi and a lower proportion of β-Proteobacteria and ε-Proteobacteria was detected at the downstream site compared to the upstream site...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Xuchuan Shi, Jia Lin, Jiane Zuo, Peng Li, Xiaoxia Li, Xianglin Guo
The effect of free ammonia on volatile fatty acid (VFA) accumulation and process instability was studied using a lab-scale anaerobic digester fed by two typical bio-wastes: fruit and vegetable waste (FVW) and food waste (FW) at 35°C with an organic loading rate (OLR) of 3.0kg VS/(m(3)·day). The inhibitory effects of free ammonia on methanogenesis were observed due to the low C/N ratio of each substrate (15.6 and 17.2, respectively). A high concentration of free ammonia inhibited methanogenesis resulting in the accumulation of VFAs and a low methane yield...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Wenqiang Zhang, Xin Jin, Dong Liu, Chao Lang, Baoqing Shan
Based on water quality surveys over 2years (July to December, in 2014 and 2015) in a typical arid river in northern China the Xingtai segment of the Fuyang River basin - the variation of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) was analyzed. The extent of water eutrophication of this segment was also assessed using a universal index formula for eutrophic evaluation and a logarithmic power function. The results showed that the average concentration of total N (TN) was 27.2mg/L (NH3-N, 63.5%), total P (TP) was 2.0mg/L (solution reactive phosphorus, 68...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Piqiang Tan, Yuan Li, Hanyan Shen
This work investigates the effects of lubricant sulfur contents on the morphology, nanostructure, size distribution and elemental composition of diesel exhaust particle on a light-duty diesel engine. Three kinds of lubricant (LS-oil, MS-oil and HS-oil, all of which have different sulfur contents: 0.182%, 0.583% and 1.06%, respectively) were used in this study. The morphologies and nanostructures of exhaust particles were analyzed using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Size distributions of primary particles were determined through advanced image-processing software...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Yiding Ma, Zongshuang Wang, Yufei Tan, Shu Xu, Shaofei Kong, Gang Wu, Xuefang Wu, Hong Li
To compare the inorganic chemical compositions of TSP (total suspended particulate), PM10 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 10μm) and PM2.5 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5μm) in southern and northern cities in China, atmospheric particles were synchronously collected in Dalian (the northern city) and Xiamen (the southern city) in spring and autumn of 2004. The mass concentrations, twenty-three elements and nine soluble ions were assessed. The results show that in Dalian, the mass concentrations of Mg, Al, Ca, Mn and Fe in spring were 4...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Yingchun Su, Shenghua Ma, Xiaole Zhao, Mingdong Dong, Xiaojun Han
This paper reports a template-free method to synthesize a series of inorganic hollow spheres (IHSs) including Cu-1, Cu-2, Ni-1, Ni-2 based on mineralization reactions at water/"water-brother" interfaces. "Water-brother" was defined as a solvent which is miscible with water, such as ethanol and acetone. The water/"water-brother" interfaces are very different from water/oil interfaces. The "water-brother" solvent will usually form a homogenous phase with water. Interestingly, in our method, these interfaces can be formed, observed and utilized to synthesize hollow spheres...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Hongli Yuan, Daizhou Zhang, Yanning Shi, Baozhen Li, Jinshui Yang, Xuejian Yu, Nan Chen, Makiko Kakikawa
Airborne bacteria were measured when a dust storm passed Beijing in spring 2012 with a focus on cell concentration, viability and TSA- and R2A-cultured strain composition. The concentration varied at an order of 10(7)cells/m(3) with dust loading (demonstrated with PM10) and they had a very close correlation (RT(2)=0.91, p<0.01). At the time of highest PM10 of 652μg/m(3), the bacterial concentration reached 1.4×10(8)cells/m(3), which was larger than that before and after the dust event by one order. Bacterial viability, the ratio of number concentration of viable cells to total cells, was 32%-64% and smaller in the dust plume than that before the dust arrival...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Vipin K Saini, João Pires
Reticulated foam shaped adsorbents are more efficient for the removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), particularly from low VOC-concentration indoor air streams. In this study composite structure of zeolite and metal organic frameworks (MOFs), referred as ZMF, has been fabricated by immobilization of fine MOF-199 powder on foam shaped Zeolite Socony Mobil-5 (ZSM-5) Zeolitic structure, referred as ZF. The ZMF possess a uniform and well-dispersed coating of MOF-199 on the porous framework of ZF. It shows higher surface area, pore volume, and VOCs adsorption capacity, as compared to ZF-structure...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Jun Dai, Wenqin Wang, Wenchen Wu, Jianbo Gao, Changxun Dong
Interactions between anions and cations are important for understanding the behaviors of chemical pollutants and their potential risks in the environment. Here we prepared soil aggregates of a yellow paddy soil from the Taihu Lake region, and investigated the effects of phosphate (P) pretreatment on adsorption-desorption of Cu(2+) of soil aggregates, free iron oxyhydrates-removed soil aggregates, goethite, and kaolinite with batch adsorption method. The results showed that Cu(2+) adsorption was reduced on the aggregates pretreated with low concentrations of P, and promoted with high concentrations of P, showing a V-shaped change...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Danping Pan, Hao Wu, Linjun Yang
The relationship between the fine particles emitted after desulfurization and gypsum crystals in the desulfurization slurry was investigated, and the crystallization characteristics varying with the operation parameters and compositions of the desulfurization slurry were discussed. The results showed that the fine particles generated during the desulfurization process were closely related to the crystal characteristics in the desulfurization slurry by comparison of their morphology and elements. With the higher proportion of fine crystals in the desulfurization slurry, the number concentration of fine particles after desulfurization was increased and their particle sizes were smaller, indicating that the optimization of gypsum crystallization was beneficial for the reduction of the fine particle emission...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Renyong Shi, Jiuyu Li, Jun Jiang, Khalid Mehmood, Yuan Liu, Renkou Xu, Wei Qian
The chemical characteristics, element contents, mineral compositions, and the ameliorative effects on acid soils of five biomass ashes from different materials were analyzed. The chemical properties of the ashes varied depending on the source biomass material. An increase in the concrete shuttering contents in the biomass materials led to higher alkalinity, and higher Ca and Mg levels in biomass ashes, which made them particularly good at ameliorating effects on soil acidity. However, heavy metal contents, such as Cr, Cu, and Zn in the ashes, were relatively high...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Shalini Srivastava, Shashi Bhushan Agrawal, Monoj Kumar Mondal
Lagerstroemia speciosa bark (LB) embedded magnetic nanoparticles were prepared by co-precipitation of Fe(2+) and Fe(3+) salt solution with ammonia and LB for Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solution. The native LB, magnetic nanoparticle (MNP), L. speciosa embedded magnetic nanoparticle (MNPLB) and Cr(VI) adsorbed MNPLB particles were characterized by SEM-EDX, TEM, BET-surface area, FT-IR, XRD and TGA methods. TEM analysis confirmed nearly spherical shape of MNP with an average diameter of 8.76nm and the surface modification did not result in the phase change of MNP as established by XRD analysis, while led to the formation of secondary particles of MNPLB with diameter of 18...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Maria Cristina Lavagnolo, Mario Malagoli, Luca Alibardi, Francesco Garbo, Alberto Pivato, Raffaello Cossu
Efficient and economic reuse of waste is one of the pillars of modern environmental engineering. In the field of domestic sewage management, source separation of yellow (urine), brown (faecal matter) and grey waters aims to recover the organic substances concentrated in brown water, the nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorous) in the urine and to ensure an easier treatment and recycling of grey waters. With the objective of emphasizing the potential of recovery of resources from sewage management, a lab-scale research study was carried out at the University of Padova in order to evaluate the performances of oleaginous plants (suitable for biodiesel production) in the phytotreatment of source separated yellow and grey waters...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Liying Jiang, Guofeng Nie, Runye Zhu, Jiade Wang, Jianmeng Chen, Yubo Mao, Zhuowei Cheng, Willam A Anderson
Chlorobenzene removal was investigated in a non-thermal plasma reactor using CeO2/HZSM-5 catalysts. The performance of catalysts was evaluated in terms of removal and energy efficiency. The decomposition products of chlorobenzene were analyzed. The results show that CeO2/HZSM-5 exhibited a good catalytic activity, which resulted in enhancements of chlorobenzene removal, energy efficiency, and the formation of lower amounts of by-products. With regards to CO2 selectivity, the presence of catalysts favors the oxidation of by-products, leading to a higher CO2 selectivity...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Cheewita Suwanchawalit, Supat Buddee, Sumpun Wongnawa
A highly active visible light-induced BiVO4 photocatalyst was prepared by a simple co-precipitation method using ammonia solution as a pH adjustor and Triton X-100 (TX100) as a structure directing agent. The physical properties of the prepared BiVO4 photocatalyst were investigated by several techniques such as X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurement, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive analysis (EDS), Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), photoluminescence (PL), and UV-Vis diffused reflectance spectroscopy (DRS)...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Lei Li, Ming Liu, Meng Wu, Chunyu Jiang, Xiaofen Chen, Xiaoyan Ma, Jia Liu, Weitao Li, Xiaoxue Tang, Zhongpei Li
The swine effluent studied was collected from scale pig farms, located in Yujiang County of Jiangxi Province, China, and duckweed (Spriodela polyrrhiza) was selected to dispose the effluent. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effects of duckweed growth on the dissolved organic matter composition in swine effluent. Throughout the experiment period, the concentrations of organic matter were determined regularly, and the excitation-emission matrix (3DEEM) spectroscopy was used to characterize the fluorescence component...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Bharat C Choudhary, Debajyoti Paul, Tarun Gupta, Sandesh R Tetgure, Vaman J Garole, Amulrao U Borse, Dipak J Garole
We report a rapid method of green chemistry approach for synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using Lagerstroemia speciosa leaf extract (LSE). L. speciosa plant extract is known for its effective treatment of diabetes and kidney related problems. The green synthesis of AuNPs was complete within 30min at 25°C. The same could also be achieved within 2min at a higher reaction temperature (80°C). Both UV-visible spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy results suggest that the morphology and size distribution of AuNPs are dependent on the pH of gold solution, gold concentration, volume of LSE, and reaction time and temperature...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
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