Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)

Jiangsu Wen, Changchang Ma, Pengwei Huo, Xinlin Liu, Maobin Wei, Yang Liu, Xin Yao, Zhongfei Ma, Yongsheng Yan
Visible-light-driven photocatalysis as a green technology has attracted a lot of attention due to its potential applications in environmental remediation. Vesicle CdSe nano-semiconductor photocatalyst are successfully prepared by a gas template method and characterized by a variety of methods. The vesicle CdSe nano-semiconductors display enhanced photocatalytic performance for the degradation of tetracycline hydrochloride, the photodegradation rate of 78.824% was achieved by vesicle CdSe, which exhibited an increase of 31...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Donald K L Chan, Jimmy C Yu, Yecheng Li, Zhuofeng Hu
A simple approach to enhance the photocatalytic activity of red phosphorus (P) was developed. A mechanical ball milling method was applied to reduce the size of red P and to deposit graphene quantum dots onto red P. The product was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, contact angle measurements, zeta-potential measurements, X-ray diffraction and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy. The product exhibited high visible-light-driven photocatalytic performance in the photodegradation of rhodamine B...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Huan Li, Lan Cao, Changjun Yang, Zhehui Zhang, Bingguang Zhang, Kejian Deng
A novel magnetically recoverable thioporphyrazine catalyst (CoPz(S-Bu)8/SiO2@Fe3O4) was prepared by immobilization of the cobalt octkis(butylthio) porphyrazine complex (CoPz(S-Bu)8) on silica-coated magnetic nanospheres (SiO2@Fe3O4). The composite CoPz(S-Bu)8/SiO2@Fe3O4 appeared to be an active catalyst in the oxidation of benzyl alcohol in aqueous solution using hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as oxidant under Xe-lamp irradiation, with 36.4% conversion of benzyl alcohol, about 99% selectivity for benzoic acid and turnover number (TON) of 61...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Wenzong Yin, Xiang Sun, Wenzhong Wang
Surface junctions between BiOBr and BiVO4 were synthesized. The BiOBr/BiVO4 with 1wt.% of BiOBr exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity in the degradation of RhB under visible-light irradiation. It was found that the highly efficient adsorption of RhB molecules via the electrostatic attraction between Br(-) and cationic N(Et)2 group played a key role for the high photocatalytic activities of BiOBr/BiVO4. This efficient adsorption promoted the N-deethylation of RhB and thus accelerated the photocatalytic degradation of RhB...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Shuangshuang Xue, Hongbo He, Qizhe Fan, Changlin Yu, Kai Yang, Weiya Huang, Yang Zhou, Yu Xie
A series of La/Ce-codoped Bi2O3 composite photocatalysts were fabricated via hydrothermal-calcination process. The as-prepared products were intensively characterized by some physicochemical characterizations like N2 physical adsorption, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), UV-Vis diffuse reflectance (UV-Vis DRS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), photoelectrochemical measurements, and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The characterization results indicated that La and Ce doping induced obvious crystal phase transformation in Bi2O3, from monoclinic to tetragonal phase...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Chao Huang, Yaping Ding, Yingwen Chen, Peiwen Li, Shemin Zhu, Shubao Shen
Zr-doped-TiO2 loaded glass fiber (ZT/GF) composite photocatalysts with different Zr/Ti ratios were prepared with a sol-gel process. Zr(4+) can replace Ti(4+) in the TiO2 lattice, which is conducive to forming the anatase phase and reducing the calcination temperature. The glass fiber carrier was responsible for better dispersion and loading of Zr-doped-TiO2 particles, improving the applicability of the Zr-doped-TiO2. The ZT/GF photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis) and Barrett-Joyner-Halenda (BJH)...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Mohamed Thabit, Huiling Liu, Jian Zhang, Bing Wang
Pd-MnO2/TiO2 nanotube arrays (NTAs) photo-electrodes were successfully fabricated via anodization and electro deposition subsequently; the obtained Pd-MnO2/TiO2 NTAs photo electrodes were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and characterized accordingly. Moreover, the light harvesting and absorption properties were investigated via ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectrum (DRS); photo degradation efficiency was investigated via analyzing the photo catalytic degradation of Rhodamine B under visible illumination (xenon light)...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Shaomin Liu, Dinglong Zhu, Jinglin Zhu, Qing Yang, Huijun Wu
A cube-like Ag@AgCl-doped TiO2/sepiolite (denoted Ag@AgCl-TiO2/sepiolite) was successfully synthesized via a novel method. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersion X-ray fluorescence, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and diffuse reflectance ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy were performed to determine the structure and physicochemical properties of Ag@AgCl-TiO2/sepiolite. SEM micrographs revealed that Ag@AgCl nanoparticles and TiO2 film are well deposited on the surface of tube-like sepiolite...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Wang Hui, Shi Guodong, Zhang Xiaoshu, Zhang Wei, Huang Lin, Yu Ying
TiO2 rutile/anatase heterostructure thin films with varying rutile thickness have been in-situ synthesized via DC magnetron sputtering with Ar gas at room temperature. The crystal texture, surface morphology, energy gap and optical properties of the films have been investigated by X-ray diffraction meter, grazing incidence X-ray diffraction meter, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and UV-visible spectrophotometer, which indicates that the rutile/anatase heterostructure films are successfully fabricated...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Mouheb Sboui, Mohamed Faouzi Nsib, Ali Rayes, Meenakshisundaram Swaminathan, Ammar Houas
A novel photocatalyst based on TiO2-PANI composite supported on small pieces of cork has been reported. It was prepared by simple impregnation method of the polyaniline (PANI)-modified TiO2 on cork. The TiO2-PANI/Cork catalyst shows the unique feature of floating on the water surface. The as-synthesized catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron micrograph (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra (UV-vis DRS) and the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Fangzhou Li, Jiangshan Zhou, Chun Du, Wei Li, Yinzhen Wang, Guannan He, Qinyu He
A one-step microwave irradiation method was used to deposit carbon and nitrogen co-doped TiO2 ((C, N)-TiO2) on commercial brick ((C, N)-TiO2/brick). The as-prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A selective technique was also used to investigate the concentration of hydroxyl radicals during UV-vis irradiation of the Methyl Orange solution with the as-prepared samples...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Gaofei Xiao, HongYan Zeng, Sheng Xu, ChaoRong Chen, Quan Zhao, XiaoJun Liu
TiO2 in anatase crystal phase is a very effective catalyst in the photocatalytic oxidation of organic compounds in water. To improve its photocatalytic activity, the Ti-coating MgAl hydrotalcite (Ti-MgAl-LDH) was prepared by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. Response surface method (RSM) was employed to evaluate the effect of Ti species coating parameters on the photocatalytic activity, which was found to be affected by the furnace temperature, N2 flow rate and influx time of precursor gas. Application of RSM successfully increased the photocatalytic efficiency of the Ti-MgAl-LDH in methylene blue photodegradation under UV irradiation, leading to improved economy of the process...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Can Burak Özkal, Zacharias Frontistis, Maria Antonopoulou, Ioannis Konstantinou, Dionissios Mantzavinos, Süreyya Meriç
Photocatalytic degradation of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) antibiotic has been studied under recycling batch and homogeneous flow conditions in a thin-film coated immobilized system namely parallel-plate (PPL) reactor. Experimentally designed, statistically evaluated with a factorial design (FD) approach with intent to provide a mathematical model takes into account the parameters influencing process performance. Initial antibiotic concentration, UV energy level, irradiated surface area, water matrix (ultrapure and secondary treated wastewater) and time, were defined as model parameters...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Zichao Lian, Donglai Pan, Wenchao Wang, Dieqing Zhang, Guisheng Li, Hexing Li
A solar-light double illumination photoelectrocatalytic cell (SLDIPEC) was fabricated for autonomous CO2 reduction and O2 evolution with the aid of photosystem II (PS-II, an efficient light-driven water-oxidized enzyme from nature) and utilized in a photoanode solution. The proposed SLPEC system was composed of Cu foam as the photoanode and p-Si nanowires (Si-NW) as the photocathode. Under solar irradiation, it exhibited a super-photoelectrocatalytic performance for CO2 conversion to methanol, with a high evolution rate (41...
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Po Keung Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Feng Chen, Song Yang, Kai Yin, Paul Chan
Since the launch of its first satellite in 1972, the Landsat program has operated continuously for more than forty years. A large data archive collected by the Landsat program significantly benefits both the academic community and society. Thermal imagery from Landsat sensors, provided with relatively high spatial resolution, is suitable for monitoring urban thermal environment. Growing use of Landsat data in monitoring urban thermal environment is demonstrated by increasing publications on this subject, especially over the last decade...
September 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Renuka Saini, Ajay Taneja, Pradyumn Singh
Tropospheric pollutants including surface ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO) and meteorological parameters were measured at a traffic junction (78°2' E and 27°11' N) in Agra, India from January 2012 to December 2012. Temporal analysis of pollutants suggests that annual average mixing ratios of tropospheric pollutants were: O3 - 22.97±23.36ppbV, NO2 - 19.84±16.71ppbV and CO - 0.91±0.86ppmV, with seasonal variations of O3 having maximum mixing ratio during summer season (32.41±19.31ppbV), whereas lowest was found in post-monsoon season (8...
September 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Yifan Fan, Julian Charles Roland Hunt, Yuguo Li
In the buoyancy and turbulence-driven atmospheric circulations (BTDAC) that occur over urban areas where the approach means wind speeds are very low (less than turbulent fluctuations and typically <3m/sec), the surface temperatures are significantly higher than those in the external rural areas, and the atmosphere above the mixing layer is stably stratified. In this paper, the mechanisms of BTDAC formation are studied through laboratory experiments and modelling, with additional low-level inflow from external rural areas and a divergent outflow in the opposite direction in the upper part of the mixed layer...
September 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Christopher Claus Holst, Johnny C L Chan, Chi-Yung Tam
This short paper presents an investigation on how human activities may or may not affect precipitation based on numerical simulations of precipitation in a benchmark case with modified lower boundary conditions, representing different stages of urban development in the model. The results indicate that certain degrees of urbanization affect the likelihood of heavy precipitation significantly, while less urbanized or smaller cities are much less prone to these effects. Such a result can be explained based on our previous work where the sensitivity of precipitation statistics to surface anthropogenic heat sources lies in the generation of buoyancy and turbulence in the planetary boundary layer and dissipation through triggering of convection...
September 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Jun Matsumoto, Fumiaki Fujibe, Hideo Takahashi
Long-term climate changes related with urbanization in Tokyo, Japan, and recent temperature and heavy rainfall distribution in the Tokyo metropolitan area are reviewed. A relatively high temperature increase in annual mean temperature at the rate of 3.0°C/century was detected in Tokyo for the period 1901-2015. Some observational evidence showed the existence of both thermal and mechanical effects of urbanization on recent heavy rainfall occurrences, and modeling studies also support precipitation enhancement...
September 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"