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Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)

Varsha Srivastava, Mika Sillanpää
Synthesis of malachite@clay nanocomposite was successfully carried out for the removal of cationic (Methylene Blue, MB) and anionic dyes (Congo Red, CR) from synthetic wastewater. Nanocomposite was characterized by TEM, SEM, FT-IR, EDS analysis and zeta potential. TEM analysis indicated that the particle diameter of nanocomposite was in the range of 14 to 23nm. Various important parameters viz. contact time, concentration of dyes, nanocomposite dosage, temperature and solution pH were optimized to achieve maximum adsorption capacity...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Caixia Yu, Jiao Gong, Fu-Ling Yin, Jian Huang, Tian-Lan Zhang, Kui Wang
Rat calvarial osteoblasts were treated with lanthanum chloride (LaCl3) to explore its effect on the mineral crystalline phase during the process of osteoblast calcification in vitro. The results confirmed that La was readily deposited in the mineral component of the matrix. Employing high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy techniques, we demonstrated that features comparable to dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) and octacalcium phosphate, and hydroxyapatite (HAP) were detected in the mineral phases in vitro...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Shaojun Zhang, Ye Wu, Bin Zhao, Xiaomeng Wu, Jiawei Shu, Jiming Hao
The Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region is one of the most prosperous and densely populated regions in China and is facing tremendous pressure to mitigate vehicle emissions and improve air quality. Our assessment has revealed that mitigating vehicle emissions of NOx would be more difficult than reducing the emissions of other major vehicular pollutants (e.g., CO, HC and PM2.5) in the YRD region. Even in Shanghai, where the emission control implemented are more stringent than in Jiangsu and Zhejiang, we observed little to no reduction in NOx emissions from 2000 to 2010...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Tayssir Kadri, Tarek Rouissi, Satinder Kaur Brar, Maximiliano Cledon, Saurabhjyoti Sarma, Mausam Verma
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a large group of chemicals. They represent an important concern due to their widespread distribution in the environment, their resistance to biodegradation, their potential to bioaccumulate and their harmful effects. Several pilot treatments have been implemented to prevent economic consequences and deterioration of soil and water quality. As a promising option, fungal enzymes are regarded as a powerful choice for degradation of PAHs. Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Pleurotus ostreatus and Bjerkandera adusta are most commonly used for the degradation of such compounds due to their production of ligninolytic enzymes such as lignin peroxidase, manganese peroxidase and laccase...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Cuiping Li, Fengbang Wang, Hailin Wang
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a widespread, persistent environmental contaminant, and it is enzymatically activated to form a reactive metabolite, tetrachloro-1,4-benzoquinone (TCBQ). To our knowledge, there is no information about TCBQ toxicity on embryonic stem cells. Here, we demonstrated that TCBQ induced significantly apoptosis of mouse embryonic stem cells in a concentration-dependent manner. We also showed that TCBQ elevated genomic 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) by affecting ten-eleven translocation (Tet) dioxygenases in mouse embryonic stem cells...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Wafa Kharroubi, Samia Haj Ahmed, Thomas Nury, Pierre Andreoletti, Rachid Sakly, Mohamed Hammami, Gérard Lizard
The treatment of microglial BV-2 cells with sodium arsenate (As(V): 0.1-400μmol/L - 48hr) induces a dose-dependent response. The neurotoxic effects of high concentrations of As(V) (100, 200 and 400μmol/L) are characterized by increased levels of mitochondrial complexes I, II, and IV followed by increased superoxide anion generation. Moreover, As(V) triggers an apoptotic mode of cell death, demonstrated by an apoptotic SubG1 peak, associated with an alteration of plasma membrane integrity. There is also a decrease in transmembrane mitochondrial potential and mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate ATP...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Ming Ye, Jeremy Beach, Jonathan W Martin, Ambikaipakan Senthilselvan
Human exposures to pesticides can occur in the workplace, in the household and through the ambient environment. While several articles have reviewed the impact of pesticide exposures on human respiratory health in occupational settings, to the best of our knowledge, this article is the first one to review published studies on the association between pesticide exposures and human respiratory health in the general populations. In this article, we critically reviewed evidences up to date studying the associations between non-occupational pesticide exposures and respiratory health in general populations...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Si Chen, Xingxing Li, Michel Lavoie, Yujian Jin, Jiahui Xu, Zhengwei Fu, Haifeng Qian
Diclofop-methyl (DM), a widely used herbicide in food crops, may partly contaminate the soil surface of natural ecosystems in agricultural area and exert toxic effects at low dose to nontarget plants. Even though rhizosphere microorganisms strongly interact with root cells, little is known regarding their potential modulating effect on herbicide toxicity in plants. Here we exposed rice seedlings (Xiushui 63) to 100μg/L DM for 2 to 8days and studied the effects of DM on rice rhizosphere microorganisms, rice systemic acquired resistance (SAR) and rice-microorganisms interactions...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Xiaofeng Huang, Chuan Wang, Jianfei Peng, Lingyan He, Liming Cao, Qiao Zhu, Jie Cui, Zhijun Wu, Min Hu
Knowledge of particle number size distribution (PND) and new particle formation (NPF) events in Southern China is essential for mitigation strategies related to submicron particles and their effects on regional air quality, haze, and human health. In this study, seven field measurement campaigns were conducted from December 2013 to May 2015 using a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) at four sites in Southern China, including three urban sites and one background site. Particles were measured in the size range of 15-615nm, and the median particle number concentrations (PNCs) were found to vary in the range of 0...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Jun Liu, Jun Li, Xiaodong Wang, Qi Zhang, Helen Littleton
Aerobic sludge granulation was rapidly obtained in the erlenmeyer bottle and sequencing batch reactor (SBR) using piggery wastewater. Aerobic granulation occurred on day 3 and granules with mean diameter of 0.2mm and SVI30 of 20.3mL/g formed in SBR on day 18. High concentrations of Ca and Fe in the raw piggery wastewater and operating mode accelerated aerobic granulation, even though the seed sludge was from a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Alpha diversity analysis revealed Operational Taxonomic Units, Shannon, ACE and Chao 1 indexes in aerobic granules were 2013, 5...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Lingyun Wang, Gangdou Ding, Zhiguang Zhou, Xun Liu, Yixiao Wang, HeidQunhui Xie, Tuan Xu, Pu Wang, Bin Zhao
Feed security is a prerequisite for safe animal food products. In this study, 13 groups of feed and feed ingredients, totaling 2067 samples, were collected in the period of 2011 to 2014 from China. The highest mean level of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) was found in fish meals and shell powders, with a concentration of 60.35ng/kg, followed by mineral origin materials. In terms of the toxicity equivalent concentration, the fish oil group showed the highest PCDD/F levels because of their bio-accumulation through the aquatic food chain, with an average concentration of 1...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Lei Hou, John D Fortner, Ximeng Wang, Chengdong Zhang, Lilin Wang, Wei Chen
Accumulation of organic contaminants on fullerene nanoparticles (nC60) may significantly affect the risks of C60 in the environment. The objective of this study was to further understand how the interplay of nC60 formation routes and humic acid modification affects contaminant adsorption of nC60. Specifically, adsorption of 1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene (a model nonionic, hydrophobic organic contaminant) on nC60 was greatly affected by nC60 formation route - the formation route significantly affected the aggregation properties of nC60, thus affecting the available surface area and the extent of adsorption via the pore-filling mechanism...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Wenbo Wang, Guangyan Tian, Li Zong, Yanmin Zhou, Yuru Kang, Qin Wang, Aiqin Wang
A series of mesoporous silicate adsorbents with superior adsorption performance for hazardous chlortetracycline (CTC) were sucessfully prepared via a facile one-pot hydrothermal reaction using low-cost illite/smectite (IS) clay, sodium silicate and magnesium sulfate as the starting materials. In this process, IS clay was "teared up" and then "rebuilt" as new porous silicate adsorbent with high specific surface area of 363.52m(2)/g (about 8.7 folds higher than that of IS clay) and very negative Zeta potential (-34...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Bo Guo, Huan Yu, Baoyu Gao, Sen Zhang, Qinyan Yue, Xing Xu
In this study, a new and facile route was employed for synthesis of polyamidine with abundant cations and attractive five-membered ringlike structural unit. N-vinylformamide and acrylonitrile copolymerized firstly to form intermediates, and the intermediates were processed with hydrochloric acid to produce polyamidine. A series of polymerization conditions (e.g. polymerization time, temperature and dosage of initiator) were optimized through productivity, viscosity and cationic degree as evaluation. SEM analysis illustrated that the amidinization process could reduce the size of spaces between molecular and created compact structure, which would contribute to good flocculation performance and high viscosity...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Zhiqiang You, Yun Zhu, Carey Jang, Shuxiao Wang, Jian Gao, Che-Jen Lin, Minhui Li, Zhenghua Zhu, Hao Wei, Wenwei Yang
To develop a sound ozone (O3) pollution control strategy, it is important to well understand and characterize the source contribution due to the complex chemical and physical formation processes of O3. Using the "Shunde" city as a pilot summer case study, we apply an innovative response surface modeling (RSM) methodology based on the Community Multi-Scale Air Quality (CMAQ) modeling simulations to identify the O3 regime and provide dynamic analysis of the precursor contributions to effectively assess the O3 impacts of volatile organic compound (VOC) control strategy...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Bo Zhao, An Liu, Guangxue Wu, Dunzhu Li, Yuntao Guan
Road-deposited sediments (RDS) on urban impervious surfaces are important carriers of heavy metals. Dissolved heavy metals that come from RDS influenced by acid rain, are more harmful to urban receiving water than particulate parts. RDS and its associated heavy metals were investigated at typical functional areas, including industrial, commercial and residential sites, in Guangdong, Southern China, which was an acid rain sensitive area. Total and dissolved heavy metals in five particle size fractions were analyzed using a shaking method under acid rain scenarios...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Huai Li, Zifang Chi, Baixing Yan, Long Cheng, Jianzheng Li
Removal of nitrogen in wastewater before discharge into receiving water courses is an important consideration in treatment systems. However, nitrogen removal efficiency is usually limited due to the low carbon/nitrogen (C/N) ratio. A common solution is to add external carbon sources, but amount of liquid is difficult to determine. Therefore, a combined wood-chip-framework substrate (with wood, slag and gravel) as a slow-release carbon source was constructed in baffled subsurface-flow constructed wetlands to overcome the problem...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Ben Li, Minjun Chen, Lin Guo, Yang Yun, Guangke Li, Nan Sang
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution in the atmospheric environment causes brain inflammatory insult and inflammatory-related microvasculature dysfunction. However, there are currently no effective medications targeting the harmful outcomes from chemical inhalation. Endocannabinoids (eCBs) are involved in neuronal protection against inflammation-induced neuronal injury. The 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), the most abundant eCBs and a full agonist for cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2), is also capable of suppressing proinflammatory stimuli and improving microvasculature dysfunction...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Audrey Murray, Banu Örmeci, Edward P C Lai
Endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) and pharmaceuticals pose a challenge for water and wastewater treatment because they exist at very low concentrations in the presence of substances at much higher concentrations competing for adsorption sites. Sub-micron sized resin particles (approximately 300nm in diameter) (SMR) were tested to evaluate their potential as a treatment for EDCs including: 17-β estradiol (E2), 17-α ethinylestradiol (EE2), estrone (E1), bisphenol A (BPA), and diethylstilbestrol (DES) as well as 12 pharmaceuticals...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Lixin Wang, Xuezhi Yang, Qi Wang, Yuxuan Zeng, Lei Ding, Wei Jiang
The aggregation and deposition of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) determines their transport and fate in natural waters. Therefore, the aggregation kinetics of humic-acid treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (HA-MWCNTs) was investigated by time-resolved dynamic light scattering in NaCl and CaCl2 electrolyte solutions. Increased ionic strength induced HA-MWCNT aggregation due to the less negative zeta potential and the reduced electrostatic repulsion. The critical coagulation concentration (CCC) values of HA-MWCNTs were 80mmol/L in NaCl and 1...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
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