journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BMC Genetics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902971/genetic-dissection-and-fine-mapping-of-a-novel-dt-gene-associated-with-determinate-growth-habit-in-sesame
#1
Yanxin Zhang, Linhai Wang, Yuan Gao, Donghua Li, Jingyin Yu, Rong Zhou, Xiurong Zhang
BACKGROUND: As an important oil crop, growth habit of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is naturally indeterminate, which brings about asynchronous maturity of capsules and causes loss of yield. RESULTS: The genetic basis of determinate growth habit in sesame was investigated by classical genetic analysis through multiple populations, results revealed that it was controlled by an unique recessive gene. The genotyping by sequencing (GBS) approach was employed for high-throughput SNP identification and genotyping in the F2 population, then a high density bin map was constructed, the map was 1086...
June 14, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843617/genome-sequencing-and-protein-domain-annotations-of-korean-hanwoo-cattle-identify-hanwoo-specific-immunity-related-and-other-novel-genes
#2
Kelsey Caetano-Anolles, Kwondo Kim, Woori Kwak, Samsun Sung, Heebal Kim, Bong-Hwan Choi, Dajeong Lim
BACKGROUND: Identification of genetic mechanisms and idiosyncrasies at the breed-level can provide valuable information for potential use in evolutionary studies, medical applications, and breeding of selective traits. Here, we analyzed genomic data collected from 136 Korean Native cattle, known as Hanwoo, using advanced statistical methods. RESULTS: Results revealed Hanwoo-specific protein domains which were largely characterized by immunoglobulin function. Furthermore, domain interactions of novel Hanwoo-specific genes reveal additional links to immunity...
May 29, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843613/identification-of-genes-regulating-traits-targeted-for-domestication-of-field-cress-lepidium-campestre-as-a-biennial-and-perennial-oilseed-crop
#3
Cecilia Gustafsson, Jakob Willforss, Fernando Lopes-Pinto, Rodomiro Ortiz, Mulatu Geleta
BACKGROUND: The changing climate and the desire to use renewable oil sources necessitate the development of new oilseed crops. Field cress (Lepidium campestre) is a species in the Brassicaceae family that has been targeted for domestication not only as an oilseed crop that produces seeds with a desirable industrial oil quality but also as a cover/catch crop that provides valuable ecosystem services. Lepidium is closely related to Arabidopsis and display significant proportions of syntenic regions in their genomes...
May 29, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843601/genomic-prediction-of-crown-rust-resistance-in-lolium-perenne
#4
Sai Krishna Arojju, Patrick Conaghan, Susanne Barth, Dan Milbourne, Michael D Casler, Trevor R Hodkinson, Thibauld Michel, Stephen L Byrne
BACKGROUND: Genomic selection (GS) can accelerate genetic gains in breeding programmes by reducing the time it takes to complete a cycle of selection. Puccinia coronata f. sp lolli (crown rust) is one of the most widespread diseases of perennial ryegrass and can lead to reductions in yield, persistency and nutritional value. Here, we used a large perennial ryegrass population to assess the accuracy of using genome wide markers to predict crown rust resistance and to investigate the factors affecting predictive ability...
May 29, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792158/landraces-of-snake-melon-an-ancient-middle-eastern-crop-reveal-extensive-morphological-and-dna-diversity-for-potential-genetic-improvement
#5
Samer Omari, Yuri Kamenir, Jennifer I C Benichou, Sarah Pariente, Hanan Sela, Rafael Perl-Treves
BACKGROUND: Snake melon (Cucumis melo var. flexuosus, "Faqqous") is a traditional and ancient vegetable in the Mediterranean area. A collection of landraces from 42 grower fields in Israel and Palestinian territories was grown and characterized in a "Common Garden" rain-fed experiment, at the morphological-horticultural and molecular level using seq-DArT markers. RESULTS: The different landraces ("populations") showed extensive variation in morphology and quantitative traits such as yield and femaleness, and clustered into four horticultural varieties...
May 23, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788904/genetic-diversity-of-bola-drb3-in-south-american-zebu-cattle-populations
#6
Shin-Nosuke Takeshima, Claudia Corbi-Botto, Guillermo Giovambattista, Yoko Aida
BACKGROUND: Bovine leukocyte antigens (BoLAs) are used extensively as markers of disease and immunological traits in cattle. However, until now, characterization of BoLA gene polymorphisms in Zebu breeds using high resolution typing methods has been poor. Here, we used a polymerase chain reaction sequence-based typing (PCR-SBT) method to sequence exon 2 of the BoLA class II DRB3 gene from 421 cattle (116 Bolivian Nellore, 110 Bolivian Gir, and 195 Peruvian Nellore-Brahman). Data from 1416 Taurine and Zebu samples were also included in the analysis...
May 22, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776332/telnet-a-database-for-human-and-yeast-genes-involved-in-telomere-maintenance
#7
Delia M Braun, Inn Chung, Nick Kepper, Katharina I Deeg, Karsten Rippe
BACKGROUND: The ends of linear chromosomes, the telomeres, comprise repetitive DNA sequences in complex with proteins that protects them from being processed by the DNA repair machinery. Cancer cells need to counteract the shortening of telomere repeats during replication for their unlimited proliferation by reactivating the reverse transcriptase telomerase or by using the alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) pathway. The different telomere maintenance (TM) mechanisms appear to involve hundreds of proteins but their telomere repeat length related activities are only partly understood...
May 18, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776331/genome-wide-detection-of-selection-signatures-in-chinese-indigenous-laiwu-pigs-revealed-candidate-genes-regulating-fat-deposition-in-muscle
#8
Minhui Chen, Jiying Wang, Yanping Wang, Ying Wu, Jinluan Fu, Jian-Feng Liu
BACKGROUND: Currently, genome-wide scans for positive selection signatures in commercial breed have been investigated. However, few studies have focused on selection footprints of indigenous breeds. Laiwu pig is an invaluable Chinese indigenous pig breed with extremely high proportion of intramuscular fat (IMF), and an excellent model to detect footprint as the result of natural and artificial selection for fat deposition in muscle. RESULT: In this study, based on GeneSeek Genomic profiler Porcine HD data, three complementary methods, FST , iHS (integrated haplotype homozygosity score) and CLR (composite likelihood ratio), were implemented to detect selection signatures in the whole genome of Laiwu pigs...
May 18, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751743/dissecting-closely-linked-association-signals-in-combination-with-the-mammalian-phenotype-database-can-identify-candidate-genes-in-dairy-cattle
#9
Zexi Cai, Bernt Guldbrandtsen, Mogens Sandø Lund, Goutam Sahana
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been successfully implemented in cattle research and breeding. However, moving from the associations to identifying the causal variants and revealing underlying mechanisms have proven complicated. In dairy cattle populations, we face a challenge due to long-range linkage disequilibrium (LD) arising from close familial relationships in the studied individuals. Long range LD makes it difficult to distinguish if one or multiple quantitative trait loci (QTL) are segregating in a genomic region showing association with a phenotype...
May 11, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739315/a-deeper-view-into-the-significance-of-simple-sequence-repeats-in-pre-mirnas-provides-clues-for-its-possible-roles-in-determining-the-function-of-micrornas
#10
Nisha Joy, Y P Maimoonath Beevi, E V Soniya
BACKGROUND: The central tenet of 'genome content' has been that the 'non-coding' parts are highly enriched with 'microsatellites' or 'Simple Sequence Repeats' (SSRs). We presume that the presence and change in number of repeat unit (n) of SSRs in different genomic locations may or may not become beneficial, depending on the position of SSRs in a gene. Very few studies have looked into the existence of SSRs in the hair-pin precursors of miRNAs (pre-miRNAs). The interplay between SSRs and miRNAs is not yet clearly understood...
May 9, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739323/hidden-mhc-genetic-diversity-in-the-iberian-ibex-capra-pyrenaica
#11
Samer Angelone, Michael J Jowers, Anna Rita Molinar Min, Paulino Fandos, Paloma Prieto, Mario Pasquetti, Francisco Javier Cano-Manuel, Gregorio Mentaberre, Jorge Ramón López Olvera, Arián Ráez-Bravo, José Espinosa, Jesús M Pérez, Ramón C Soriguer, Luca Rossi, José Enrique Granados
BACKGROUND: Defining hidden genetic diversity within species is of great significance when attempting to maintain the evolutionary potential of natural populations and conduct appropriate management. Our hypothesis is that isolated (and eventually small) wild animal populations hide unexpected genetic diversity due to their maintenance of ancient polymorphisms or introgressions. RESULTS: We tested this hypothesis using the Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica) as an example...
May 8, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728054/can-metamorphosis-survival-during-larval-development-in-spiny-lobster-sagmariasus-verreauxi-be-improved-through-quantitative-genetic-inheritance
#12
Nguyen H Nguyen, Quinn P Fitzgibbon, Jane Quinn, Greg Smith, Stephen Battaglene, Wayne Knibb
BACKGROUND: One of the major impediments to spiny lobster aquaculture is the high cost of hatchery production due to the long and complex larval cycle and poor survival during the many moult stages, especially at metamorphosis. We examined if the key trait of larval survival can be improved through selection by determining if genetic variance exists for this trait. Specifically, we report, for the first time, genetic parameters (heritability and correlations) for early survival rates recorded at five larval phases; early-phyllosoma stages (instars 1-6; S1), mid-phyllosoma stages (instars; 7-12; S2), late-phyllosoma stages (instars 13-17; S3), metamorphosis (S4) and puerulus stage (S5) in hatchery-reared spiny lobster Sagmariasus verreauxi...
May 4, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703134/identification-and-characterization-of-karyotype-in-passiflora-hybrids-using-fish-and-gish
#13
Gonçalo Santos Silva, Margarete Magalhães Souza, Cláusio Antônio Ferreira de Melo, Juan Domingo Urdampilleta, Eliana Regina Forni-Martins
BACKGROUND: A great interest exists in the production of hybrid plants of the genus Passiflora given the beauty and exotic features of its flowers which have ornamental value. Hybrid paternity confirmation is therefore important for assuring germplasm origin, and is typically carried out by molecular marker segregation. The aim of this study was to karyotypically characterize the chromosome heritance patterns of the progeny resultant from a cross of P. gardneri and P. gibertii using classical cytogenetics, chromosome banding, and molecular cytogenetics...
April 27, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642872/karyotype-diversity-and-2c-dna-content-in-species-of-the-caesalpinia-group
#14
Polliana Silva Rodrigues, Margarete Magalhães Souza, Cláusio Antônio Ferreira Melo, Telma Nair Santana Pereira, Ronan Xavier Corrêa
BACKGROUND: The Leguminosae family is the third-largest family of angiosperms, and Caesalpinioideae is its second-largest subfamily. A great number of species (approximately 205) are found in the Caesalpinia group within this subfamily; together with these species' phenotypic plasticity and the similarities in their morphological descriptors, make this a complex group for taxonomic and phylogenetic studies. The objective of the present work was to evaluate the karyotypic diversity and the 2C DNA content variation in 10 species of the Caesalpinia group, representing six genera: Paubrasilia, Caesalpinia, Cenostigma, Poincianella, Erythrostemon and Libidibia...
April 11, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636022/genomic-heritability-estimates-in-sweet-cherry-reveal-non-additive-genetic-variance-is-relevant-for-industry-prioritized-traits
#15
Julia Piaskowski, Craig Hardner, Lichun Cai, Yunyang Zhao, Amy Iezzoni, Cameron Peace
BACKGROUND: Sweet cherry is consumed widely across the world and provides substantial economic benefits in regions where it is grown. While cherry breeding has been conducted in the Pacific Northwest for over half a century, little is known about the genetic architecture of important traits. We used a genome-enabled mixed model to predict the genetic performance of 505 individuals for 32 phenological, disease response and fruit quality traits evaluated in the RosBREED sweet cherry crop data set...
April 10, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636014/genetic-loci-for-resistance-to-podocyte-injury-caused-by-the-tensin2-gene-deficiency-in-mice
#16
Yuki Takahashi, Hayato Sasaki, Shiori Okawara, Nobuya Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Tensin2 is a focal adhesion-localized multidomain protein expressed in various tissues, and its dysfunction leads to alterations in podocytes. However, these podocyte-related manifestations are dependent on murine strain. Tensin2 dysfunction results in susceptible strains developing podocyte foot process effacement and massive albuminuria, whereas podocytes in resistant strains remain almost intact. In our previous studies, quantitative trait loci analysis and congenic analysis using resistant C57BL/6J and susceptible ICGN mice identified a modifier locus associated with podocyte injury caused by tensin2 dysfunction on chromosome 2...
April 10, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614956/power-and-precision-of-qtl-mapping-in-simulated-multiple-porcine-f2-crosses-using-whole-genome-sequence-information
#17
Markus Schmid, Robin Wellmann, Jörn Bennewitz
BACKGROUND: During the last two decades, many QTL (quantitative trait locus) mapping experiments in pigs have been conducted using F2 crosses established from two outbred founder breeds. The founder breeds were frequently chosen from the Asian and European type breeds. A combination of next-generation sequencing, SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) genotyping technology using SNP-chips, and genotype imputation techniques, can be used to infer the sequence information of all F2 individuals in a cost-effective way...
April 3, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614950/genetic-insights-into-dispersal-distance-and-disperser-fitness-of-african-lions-panthera-leo-from-the-latitudinal-extremes-of-the-kruger-national-park-south-africa
#18
Pim van Hooft, Dewald F Keet, Diana K Brebner, Armanda D S Bastos
BACKGROUND: Female lions generally do not disperse far beyond their natal range, while males can disperse distances of over 200 km. However, in bush-like ecosystems dispersal distances less than 25 km are reported. Here, we investigate dispersal in lions sampled from the northern and southern extremes of Kruger National Park, a bush-like ecosystem in South Africa where bovine tuberculosis prevalence ranges from low to high across a north-south gradient. RESULTS: A total of 109 individuals sampled from 1998 to 2004 were typed using 11 microsatellite markers, and mitochondrial RS-3 gene sequences were generated for 28 of these individuals...
April 3, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609562/including-gene-networks-to-predict-calving-difficulty-in-holstein-brown-swiss-and-jersey-cattle
#19
Francesco Tiezzi, Maria E Arceo, John B Cole, Christian Maltecca
BACKGROUND: Calving difficulty or dystocia has a great economic impact in the US dairy industry. Reported risk factors associated with calving difficulty are feto-pelvic disproportion, gestation length and conformation. Different dairy cattle breeds have different incidence of calving difficulty, with Holstein having the highest dystocia rates and Jersey the lowest. Genomic selection becomes important especially for complex traits with low heritability, where the accuracy of conventional selection is lower...
April 2, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609543/rna-seq-analysis-of-lncrna-controlled-developmental-gene-expression-during-puberty-in-goat-rat
#20
Xiaoxiao Gao, Jing Ye, Chen Yang, Lei Luo, Ya Liu, Jianping Ding, Yunhai Zhang, Yinghui Ling, Weiping Huang, Xiaorong Zhang, Kaifa Zhang, Xiumei Li, Jie Zhou, Fugui Fang, Zubing Cao
BACKGROUND: Puberty is a pivotal stage in female animal development, and marks the onset of reproductive capability. However, little is known about the function of lncRNAs (long noncoding RNAs) in puberty. Therefore, RNA-seq analysis were performed between goats and rats to clarify the roles of lncRNAs and mRNAs in the onset of puberty. RESULTS: In the present study, the length of lncRNAs, the length of the open reading frame and the exon count were compared between the two species...
April 2, 2018: BMC Genetics
journal
journal
35555
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"