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Cell and Tissue Banking

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439732/skin-allograft-procurement-and-transplantation-in-mashhad-iran-are-burn-patients-needs-being-met
#1
Seyed Hassan Tavousi, Ali Ahmadabadi, Alireza Sedaghat, Ebrahim Khaleghi, Maryam Rashchi, Zohreh Bonakdaran
Only a single donor's tissue may save or improve lives of one hundred patients. Unfortunately, low governmental and media support of tissue procurement and transplantation programs is a worldwide problem. Loss of an effective tissue procurement program in many countries like Iran, may lead to loss of many thousands valuable tissues each year. To evaluate the rate of skin donation in Mashhad in comparison to other organs and tissues, we extracted the data related to tissue and organ procurement in Mashhad from 2001...
April 24, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421389/preparation-and-biocompatibility-of-demineralized-bone-matrix-sodium-alginate-putty
#2
Yumin Zhang, Jianru Wang, Yanmiao Ma, Xiaojun Niu, Jianchun Liu, Lan Gao, Xiaoyan Zhai, Kaibo Chu, Bo Han, Liwang Yang, Jue Wang
Demineralized bone matrix (DBM) powder is widely used for bone regeneration due to its osteoinductivity and osteoconductivity. However, difficulties with handling, tendency to migrate from graft sites and lack of stability after surgery sometimes limit the clinical utility of this material. In this work, the possibility of using sodium alginate (ALG) carrier to deliver DBM powder was assessed. DBM-ALG putty with the DBM:ALG weight ratio of 5:5, 6:4, 7:3, 8:2 were prepared, respectively. The properties of the formed composite, including discrete degree, washout property, pH, equilibrium swelling as well as cytotoxicity in vivo, were adopted to ascertain the optimal ratio of DBM and ALG...
April 18, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405854/development-of-a-new-method-for-the-preparation-of-an-acellular-allodermis-quality-control-and-cytotoxicity-testing
#3
J Dragúňová, P Kabát, P Babál, H Mrázová, M Boháč, Ľ Krajčíová, J Koller
Demand for use of acellular allodermis is high but commercially appropriate products are not used routinely because of very high price and limited availability. These facts did motivate us to prepare acellular allodermis using a new, simple and less expensive method. We have developed a original method for preparation of acellular allogeneic dermis based on action of a proteolytic enzyme in combination with distilled water. Hypotonic environment in comparison with SDS or Triton ansure no toxicity of the final product...
April 12, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397149/considering-3d-topography-of-endothelial-folds-to-improve-cell-count-of-organ-cultured-corneas
#4
Clotilde Jumelle, Thibaud Garcin, Anne Sophie Gauthier, Yaël Glasson, Aurélien Bernard, Yann Gavet, Jacques Klossa, Zhiguo He, Sophie Acquart, Philippe Gain, Gilles Thuret
The posterior side of the cornea is covered by the endothelial monolayer, which governs corneal transparency but cannot proliferate. Determination of endothelial cell density (ECD) is therefore the minimal and mandatory quality control in all eye banks. It avoids primary graft failures caused by endothelial insufficiency, and allows allocation of corneas to surgical techniques requiring different numbers of endothelial cells (ECs). Corneas stored in organ culture (17% of grafts worldwide), are characterized by heavy stromal swelling and numerous deep endothelial folds, up to 200 µm high...
April 10, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389969/cytotoxicity-testing-of-burn-wound-dressings-first-results
#5
M Hajská, J Dragúňová, J Koller
Topical antimicrobial therapy represents an essential part of burn wound care. In order to prevent and treat burn wound infection dressings with antimicrobial properties are applied directly on the wound surface. Not only the infection control but also promotion of healing is very important in burn wound management. It is well known, that a dressing in bactericidal concentration might also delay wound healing. This study was aimed to evaluate the potential toxic effect of topical antimicrobial agents on murine and human dermal cells...
April 7, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374155/morphometry-of-organ-cultured-corneal-endothelium-using-voronoi-segmentation
#6
Nigel H Brookes
The endothelial viability of eye-banked corneas must be assessed before transplantation, yet phase-contrast images of the endothelium of corneas stored in an Organ Culture system have a huge variety of endothelial appearance at different focal planes, due to stromal swelling and an evaluation technique that swells the cells and their intercellular spaces to make them visible. This makes them difficult to assess using common edge-based segmentation methodologies that have mostly been developed in vivo using specular microscopy...
April 3, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365880/efficiency-of-mannitol-supplemented-medium-during-adding-removing-ovarian-tissue-with-penetrating-cryoprotective-agents
#7
Viktoriya Kiroshka, Iryna Trutaieva, Tatyana Bondarenko
Most protocols to cryopreserve ovarian tissue utilize the permeable cryoprotective agents (CPAs) in 1.5 M concentration. However the issues related to the ability to use higher concentrations of CPAs have remained open. The research aim was to assess the efficiency of media containing osmotically active sugars (sucrose, mannitol) at stepwise adding/removing of 3 M dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) and propanediol (PROH) on ovarian tissue integrity. After the CPAs adding/removing the ovarian tissue injury was histologically examined, as well as the oocyte volume in tissue structure was assessed...
April 1, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364342/in-vitro-proliferation-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-endometrial-stem-cells-and-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#8
Fahimeh Sadat Tabatabaei, Maryam Torshabi
Stem-cell-based therapies were introduced aiming to overcome the limitations of the existing procedures for regeneration of mineralized tissues. Stem cells isolated from the endometrial tissue and dental pulp have the capacity to differentiate into various functional cells including osteoblasts. However, studies comparing their ability to regenerate mineralized tissue are lacking. The purpose of this study was to compare the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation potential of endometrial stem cells (EnSCs) and dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) using in vitro cell culture technique...
March 31, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342099/optimized-decellularization-protocol-including-%C3%AE-gal-epitope-reduction-for-fabrication-of-an-acellular-porcine-annulus-fibrosus-scaffold
#9
Lien-Chen Wu, Yi-Jie Kuo, Fu-Wen Sun, Chia-Hsien Chen, Chang-Jung Chiang, Pei-Wei Weng, Yang-Hwei Tsuang, Yi-You Huang
Recent advances in tissue engineering have led to potential new strategies, especially decellularization protocols from natural tissues, for the repair, replacement, and regeneration of intervertebral discs. This study aimed to validate our previously reported method for the decellularization of annulus fibrosus (AF) tissue and to quantify potentially antigenic α-Gal epitopes in the decellularized tissue. Porcine AF tissue was decellularized using different freeze-thaw temperatures, chemical detergents, and incubation times in order to determine the optimal method for cell removal...
March 24, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275875/rapid-preparation-of-a-noncultured-skin-cell-suspension-that-promotes-wound-healing
#10
Cheonjae Yoon, Jungsuk Lee, Hyosun Jeong, Sungjun Lee, Taesik Sohn, Sungphil Chung
Autologous skin cell suspensions have been used for wound healing in patients with burns and against normal pigmentation in vitiligo. To separate cells and the extracellular matrix from skin tissue, most researchers use enzymatic digestion. Therefore, this process is difficult to perform during a routine surgical procedure. We aimed to prepare a suspension of noncultured autologous skin cells (NCSCs) using a tissue homogenizer as a new method instead of harsh biochemical reagents. The potential clinical applicability of NCSCs was analyzed using a nude-rat model of burn healing...
March 8, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258397/multicenter-fresh-frozen-tissue-sampling-in-colorectal-cancer-does-the-quality-meet-the-standards-for-state-of-the-art-biomarker-research
#11
Z S Lalmahomed, R R J Coebergh van den Braak, M H A Oomen, S P Arshad, P H J Riegman, J N M IJzermans
The growing interest in the molecular subclassification of colorectal cancers is increasingly facilitated by large multicenter biobanking initiatives. The quality of tissue sampling is pivotal for successful translational research. This study shows the quality of fresh frozen tissue sampling within a multicenter cohort study for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Each of the seven participating hospitals randomly contributed ten tissue samples, which were collected following Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) using established techniques...
March 3, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255773/cell-lines-authentication-and-mycoplasma-detection-as-minimun-quality-control-of-cell-lines-in-biobanking
#12
C Corral-Vázquez, R Aguilar-Quesada, P Catalina, G Lucena-Aguilar, G Ligero, B Miranda, J A Carrillo-Ávila
Establishment of continuous cell lines from human normal and tumor tissues is an extended and useful methodology for molecular characterization of cancer pathophysiology and drug development in research laboratories. The exchange of these cell lines between different labs is a common practice that can compromise assays reliability due to contamination with microorganism such as mycoplasma or cells from different flasks that compromise experiment reproducibility and reliability. Great proportions of cell lines are contaminated with mycoplasma and/or are replaced by cells derived for a different origin during processing or distribution process...
March 2, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255772/isolation-culture-and-biological-characteristics-of-multipotent-porcine-skeletal-muscle-satellite-cells
#13
Jinjuan Yang, Hao Liu, Kunfu Wang, Lu Li, Hongyi Yuan, Xueting Liu, Yingjie Liu, Weijun Guan
Skeletal muscle has a huge regenerative potential for postnatal muscle growth and repair, which mainly depends on a kind of muscle progenitor cell population, called satellite cell. Nowadays, the majority of satellite cells were obtained from human, mouse, rat and other animals but rarely from pig. In this article, the porcine skeletal muscle satellite cells were isolated and cultured in vitro. The expression of surface markers of satellite cells was detected by immunofluorescence and RT-PCR assays. The differentiation capacity was assessed by inducing satellite cells into adipocytes, myoblasts and osteoblasts...
March 2, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255771/amniotic-membrane-in-ophthalmology-properties-preparation-storage-and-indications-for-grafting-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Katerina Jirsova, Gary L A Jones
The use of amniotic membrane in ophthalmic surgery and other surgical procedures in the fields of dermatology, plastic surgery, genitourinary medicine and otolaryngology is on the increase. Furthermore, amniotic membrane and its epithelial and mesenchymal cells have broad use in regenerative medicine and hold great promise in anticancer treatment. Amniotic membrane is a rich source of biologically active factors and as such, promotes healing and acts as an effective material for wound dressing. Amniotic membrane supports epithelialization and exhibits anti-fibrotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic and anti-microbial features...
March 2, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238108/enhanced-vascular-biocompatibility-of-decellularized-xeno-allogeneic-matrices-in-a-rodent-model
#15
M van Steenberghe, T Schubert, Y Guiot, C Bouzin, X Bollen, P Gianello
Glutaraldehyde preservation is the gold standard for cardiovascular biological prosthesis. However, secondary calcifications and the absence of tissue growth remain major limitations. Our study assessed in vitro and in vivo the biocompatibility of human (fascia lata, pericardium) and porcine tissues (pericardium, peritoneum) treated with a physicochemical procedure for decellularization and non-conventional pathogens inactivation. Biopsies were performed before and after treatment to assess decellularization (HE/Dapi staining/DNA quantification/MHC I/alpha gal immunostaining) and mechanical integrity...
February 25, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236164/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-the-combination-of-autologous-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-platelet-rich-plasma-on-structural-bone-allograft-healing
#16
Chang-Goo Park, Min Wook Joo, Jinyoung Jeong, Yong-Koo Kang, Da-Reum Lee
In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of the combination of autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for enhancing structural allogenic bone graft healing in rabbits. For these experiments segmental bone defects (1.5-2 cm) were generated on femoral diaphysis of New Zealand white rabbits and reconstructed via structural allogenic bone grafting and additional intramedullary nail fixation. The structural allografts were subsequently wrapped with Gelfoam containing autologous MSCs and PRP, or PRP alone (control)...
February 24, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233169/can-stem-cells-enhance-bone-formation-in-the-human-edentulous-alveolar-ridge-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Lucyene Miguita, Andrea Mantesso, Claudio Mendes Pannuti, Maria Cristina Zindel Deboni
Several non-biological materials are currently being used to increase the alveolar bone volume to support dental implants. Recently, stem cell therapy has emerged as a promising biological substitute or adjuvant to enhance bone healing. In order to determine if stem cell therapy has enough clinical evidence to bone ridge augmentation in humans, a systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. Two independent investigators searched the Entrez PubMed, SCOPUS and Web of Science databases for eligible randomized clinical trials that describe stem cell therapies for alveolar bone formation...
February 23, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138805/umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-for-treating-elderly-vascular-dementia
#18
Yan He, Xingfang Jin, Jun Wang, Mingyao Meng, Zongliu Hou, Weimeng Tian, You Li, Wenju Wang, Yunhong Wei, Yipeng Wang, Hongqiong Meng, Xuyang Lu, Zhuo Chen, Linyao Fu
This study aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cell (HUC-MSC) transplantation for treating elderly vascular dementia (VaD). Ten VaD patients (average age, 73.88 years old) were treated. HUC-MSCs were isolated, cultured, stem cell-marked, and qualified and administered as a 3-course intravenous infusion to these patients. The Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) and the Activities of Daily Living Index (Barthel Index scoring system) were used to assess the cognitive function and daily living activity improvements in these patients before transplantation (T0), 3 months after transplantation (T1), and 6 months after transplantation (T2)...
March 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116630/corneal-transplantation-study-of-the-data-of-a-regional-eye-bank-for-the-year-2013-and-analysis-of-the-evolution-of-the-adverse-events-reported-in-france-since-2010
#19
Anne-Sophie Gauthier, Marie Castelbou, Mélanie Bidaut Garnier, Joëlle Pizzuto, Stephan Roux, Philippe Gain, Fabienne Pouthier, Bernard Delbosc
To analyze the data of the adverse events collected in a single major eye bank (EFS Bourgogne Franche Comté, Besançon, France) for the year 2013 and to report the French data of biovigilance provided by the French National Agency for Medicines and Health Products Safety (ANSM) between 2010 and 2013. we have set up a study of adverse events in 2013, in collaboration with a single eye bank (EFS Bourgogne Franche Comté, Besançon, France). A survey was sent to the surgeon for each delivered corneal button by the eye bank in 2013...
March 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004288/in-vivo-quantification-of-the-revascularization-of-a-human-acellular-dermis-seeded-with-epcs-and-mscs-in-co-culture-with-fibroblasts-and-pericytes-in-the-dorsal-chamber-model-in-pre-irradiated-tissue
#20
M Vitacolonna, D Belharazem, P Hohenberger, E D Roessner
INTRODUCTION: Transplantation of a cell-seeded graft may improve wound healing after radiotherapy. However, the survival of the seeded cells depends on a rapid vascularization of the graft. Co-culturing of adult stem cells may be a promising strategy to accelerate the vessel formation inside the graft. Thus, we compared the in vivo angiogenic potency of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) using dorsal skinfold chambers and intravital microscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells were isolated from rat bone marrow and adipose tissue and characterized by immunostaining and flow cytometry...
March 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
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