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Journal of the American Aging Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604918/beneficial-regulation-of-type-i-collagen-and-matrixmetalloproteinase-1-expression-by-estrogen-progesterone-and-its-combination-in-skin-fibroblasts
#1
Neena Philips, Jan Devaney
There is impaired wound healing and loss of type I collagen in skin aging, which can be improved by topical estrogen in vivo. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of estrogen, and progesterone and a combination of estrogen and progesterone as well, on the proliferation and the expression of type I collagen and matrixmetalloprotienase-1 (MMP-1, degrades collagen) in dermal fibroblasts (cells that synthesize collagen and MMP-1) in-vitro. Estrogen, progesterone, and its combination similarly and significantly inhibited cell proliferation and MMP-1 protein levels, and simultaneously stimulated type I collagen expression in the fibroblasts, indicating beneficial modulation...
July 2003: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604917/the-effects-of-exogenous-glutathione-on-reduced-glutathione-level-glutathione-peroxidase-and-glutathione-reductase-activities-of-rats-with-different-ages-and-gender-after-whole-body-%C3%AE-irradiation
#2
Mine Erden Inal, Asiye Akgün, Ahmet Kahraman
Age-and gender-related changes on reduced glutathione (GSH) level, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities in the liver of rat exposed to different dose of whole-body g-ray irradiation were determined. In addition, the effect of administration of exogenous GSH on endogenous GSH levels, GPx and GR activities was investigated. For this aim, male and female rats aged 1 and 5 moths were divided into two groups as g-ray and g-ray+GSH. Both groups were again divided into four groups as irradiated with 2, 4, 6 and 8 Gy doses...
July 2003: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604916/influence-of-diagnostic-categories-age-and-gender-on-antioxidative-defense-and-lipid-peroxidation-in-skeletal-muscle-of-patients-with-neuromuscular-diseases
#3
Hans-Joerg Stuerenburg, Birgit Stangneth, Alfried Kohlschütter, Barbara Finckh
The influence of diagnostic categories, age, and gender on parameters of oxidative stress measured in 102 patients with neuromuscular diseases and 11 control subjects was assessed using a stepwise multiple linear regression model. Antioxidative enzyme activities, lipophilic antioxidants, and lipid peroxidation were analyzed in muscle biopsies. Mitochondrial myopathies and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are thought to be particularly susceptible to increased oxidative stress. In our study, mitochondrial myopathies emerged as a positive predictor of malondialdehyde (p < 0...
January 2003: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604915/copper-deficiency-a-potential-model-for-determining-the-role-of-mitochondria-in-cardiac-aging
#4
W Thomas Johnson, Samuel M Newman
Heart mitochondria experience age-related declines in cytochrome c oxidase (CCO) activity and increases in the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that may contribute to loss of cardiac function and the development of disease that occur with advancing age. In a manner similar to aging, copper deficiency also suppresses heart CCO activity and has cardiovascular consequences related to increased peroxidation. Food restriction is often used as a tool to study oxidative mechanisms of aging and the present study examines the potential of copper deficiency to model the role of mitochondria in cardiac aging by determining if the effect of food restriction on CCO activity and oxidative stress in heart mitochondria parallels its effect on cardiac mitochondria during aging...
January 2003: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604914/agingdb-a-database-for-oxidative-stress-and-calorie-restriction-in-the-study-of-aging
#5
Dae Ui Park, Chul Hong Kim, Seong Eui Hong, Byung Pal Yu, Hae Young Chung
Aging can be characterized in all living organisms as the inevitable biological changes that occur with advancing age. The aging process is time-dependent and leads to functional declines and increased incidences of disease. The underlying pathphysiologic processes of aging may best be explained using several interacting biological processes: genomic activity, oxidative stress, and age-related disease processes, all of which modify the rate and progression of aging. In this report, we describe a database, termed AgingDB, used to retrieve information on the biomolecules known to be modulated during the aging process and by the life-prolonging action of caloric restriction (CR)...
January 2003: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604913/the-effect-of-aging-on-phenylephrine-response-in-normal-subjects
#6
Kenneth M Madden, Wayne C Levy, Arnold Jacobson, John R Stratton
INTRODUCTION: With aging, cardiac responses to β-adrenergic stimulation decline but the responses to α1-stimulation are less clear. Moreover, whether aging, in the absence of disease, influences the left ventricular response to an increase in afterload is unclear. This study examined the effect of aging on heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), cardiac index (CI) and several left ventricular contractility measurements during α 1-stimulation with a phenylephrine infusion. METHODS: Subjects were rigorously screened to be normal by history, physical, blood tests, ECG, ETT and echocardiogram...
January 2003: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604908/calorie-restriction-modulates-redox-sensitive-ap-1-during-the-aging-process
#7
Hyon Jeen Kim, Kyung Jin Jung, Arnold Young Seo, Jae Sue Choi, Byung Pal Yu, Hae Young Chung
Oxidative stress is claimed to be a major cause of aging. Recent data suggest that calorie restriction (CR) prolongs life span by its ability to retard aging, possibly by regulating the intracellular redox status through its antioxidative actions. Currently, there is little information showing the influences of age and CR on the redox-sensitive transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1). In the present study, we investigated how age affects the status of AP-1 and whether CR modulates the age effect. For our study, we used the kidney from male Fischer 344 rats, ages 6, 12, 18, and 24 months fed ad libitum (AL) or a CR diet...
July 2002: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604907/long-lived-ames-dwarf-mice-oxidative-damage-to-mitochondrial-dna-in-heart-and-brain
#8
Alberto Sanz, Andrzej Bartke, Gustavo Barja
The single gene mutation of Ames dwarf mice increases their maximum longevity by around 40% but the mechanism(s) responsible for this effect remain to be identified. This animal model thus offers a unique possibility of testing the mitochondrial theory of aging. In this investigation, oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was measured for the first time in dwarf and wild type mice of both sexes. In the brain, 8-oxo,7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) in mtDNA was significantly lower in dwarfs than in their controls both in males (by 32%) and in females (by 36%)...
July 2002: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604906/visco-elastic-response-of-human-skin-and-aging
#9
Stanislav Doubal, Petr Klemera
UNLABELLED: The changes in visco-elastic properties of skin belong to the most conspicuous manifestations of cutaneous aging. In spite of apparent simplicity, the measurement of mechanical parameters of skin in vivo presents both theoretical and practical problems. Reproducibility, standardization, duration of measurement, discomfort for experimental subjects are the main complications. Measurement and analysis of transient deformation response to pressure stress provides theoretically consistent and practically applicable methodology...
July 2002: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604901/a-morphometric-study-on-human-muscle-mitochondria-in-aging
#10
Carlo Bertoni-Freddari, Patrizia Fattoretti, Ugo Caselli, Belinda Giorgetti, Stefano Albanelli, Francesco Torelli, Giorgio Felzani, Jacopo Vecchiet
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles capable of significant changes of their ultrastructural features according to the tissue-specific energy demands. In human biopsies of vastus lateralis and anterior tibialis muscles from young (25.0 ± 4.4 years), middle-aged (50.4 ± 7.5 years) and old (75.5±3.9 years) healthy volunteers, we carried out a morphometric study on subsarcolemmal and intermyofibrillar mitochondria to assess whether age-related alterations of the morphology of these organelles contribute to the muscle performance decay in aging...
April 2002: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604900/lasofoxifene-cp-336-156-a-novel-selective-estrogen-receptor-modulator-in-preclinical-studies
#11
H Z Ke, T A Brown, D D Thompson
Estrogen replacement therapy is reported to reduce the incidence of vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women, however, its compliance is limited because of side effects and safety concerns. Estrogen's side effects on breast and uterine tissues leading to the potential increased risk of uterine and breast cancer limit widespread estrogen usage. Thus, there is a significant medical need for a therapy that protects against postmenopausal bone loss but is free of estrogen's negative effects on reproductive tissues...
April 2002: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604899/stem-cells-from-birth-to-death-the-history-and-the-future
#12
Gerald de Haan, Gary Van Zant
The concept that adult stem cells, despite their impressive proliferative potential, are immortal has been challenged by experimental studies of hematopoietic stem cells. In this review, we discuss the properties that characterize a stem cell, the growing list of tissues in which stem cells are found, how they can be identified and isolated, how stem cells may transdifferentiate, and the findings that illustrate how age affects the hematopoietic stem cell population. We propose that an aging stem cell population affects tissue and organ homeostasis, particularly in response to environmental stresses, and we hypothesize that through this mechanism the functional status of stem cells affects the longevity of the organism...
April 2002: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604898/effects-of-aging-and-resistance-exercise-on-determinants-of-muscle-strength
#13
Charles P Lambert, William J Evans
Although the loss of muscle strength with aging is multifactorial, the primary factor is the loss of muscle mass. A preferential loss of Type II (fast-twitch) muscle fibers which produce more force than Type I fibers is also observed. The loss of muscle mass may be related to a reduction in the rate of muscle protein synthesis in the old versus the young. Changes in muscle quality and the ability to activate muscle appear to play a minor role in the loss of strength with age. However, co-activation of antagonist muscle groups does appear to reduce muscle force generating capacity in the elderly...
April 2002: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604887/life-span-extensions-associated-with-upregulation-of-gene-expression-of-antioxidant-enzymes-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-studies-of-mutation-in-the-age-1-pi3-kinase-homologue-and-short-term-exposure-to-hyperoxia
#14
Y Honda, S Honda
Life span could be modified by genetic or environmental perturbations in Caenorhabditis elegans. Here we show that two extensions of life span are associated with oxidative stress resistance and upregulation of the gene expression of antioxidant enzymes. First, mutations in age-1 gene (PI3 kinase homologue)that confer life span extension, display oxidative stress resistance and increase in the gene expression of sod-3, one of two Mn-superoxide dismutases (SOD) and ctl-1, cytosolic catalase. In this study, these traits appear to be regulated by the following genetic pathway: daf-2 (insulin receptor family)-> daf-18 (PTEN homologue)-> age-1-> daf-16 (Fork head transcription factor family), similar to the genetic pathway for the life span extension...
January 2002: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604886/adverse-effects-of-unconventional-therapies-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-review-of-the-recent-literature
#15
E Ernst
Unconventional therapies are increasingly popular, not least in populations of elderly individuals. This review summarizes the evidence regarding the risk unconventional therapies may entail for the elderly. Computerized literature searches were performed to locate all reports with original data on this topic. Most of the evidence found was anecdotal by nature and thus has obvious limitations. The results show that elderly patients can suffer harm from unconventional therapies. Herbal treatments are associated most frequently with adverse events...
January 2002: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604885/survival-and-cell-mediated-immunity-after-burn-injury-in-aged-mice
#16
Elizabeth J Kovacs, Kristy A Grabowski, Lisa A Duffner, Timothy P Plackett, Meredith S Gregory
The elderly are less able to survive burn injury than young healthy individuals. Regardless of age, burn victims often succumb to secondary infections rather than the primary injury. Since immune responses diminish with age, it is likely that aged individuals are predisposed to a poor outcome by virtue of their weak immune system. Elevated production of macrophage-derived mediators, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), may lead to post-injury immunosuppression in young adults. Healthy aged individuals produce high circulating levels of these mediators; therefore, the combination of the age and burn trauma could further suppress immune responses and contribute to the rapid demise of aged burn patients...
January 2002: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604884/role-of-xanthine-dehydrogenase-and-aging-on-the-innate-immune-response-of-drosophila
#17
Y S Kim, H J Nam, H Y Chung, N D Kim, J H Ryu, W J Lee, R Arking, M A Yoo
It has been proposed that uric acid is an important scavenger of deleterious oxygen species and peroxynitrite in biological systems. The cellular sources responsible for the generation of damage-causing reactive oxygen species (ROS) are widespread. Xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) / oxidase (XOD) catalyzes the oxidation of xanthine to uric acid. The rosy (ry) gene encodes XDH/XOD in Drosophila melanogaster. XDH codes for uric acid which is a ROS scavenger. XOD however is an enzyme system implicated in ROS production...
October 2001: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604883/life-span-extensions-associated-with-upregulation-of-gene-expression-of-antioxidant-enzymes-in-caenorhabdms-elegans-studies-of-mutation-in-the-age-1-pi3-kinase-homologue-and-short-term-exposure-to-hyperoxia
#18
Y Honda, S Honda
Life span could be modified by genetic or environmental perturbations in Caenorhabditis elegans. Here we show that two extensions of life span are associated with oxidative stress resistance and upregulation of the gene expression of antioxidant enzymes. First, mutations in age-1 gene (PI3 kinase homologue) that confer life span extension, display oxidative stress resistance and increase in the gene expression of sod-3, one of two Mn-superoxide dismutases (SOD) and ctl-1, cytosolic catalase. In this study, these traits appear to be regulated by the following genetic pathway: daf-2 (insulin receptor family)-> daf-18 (PTEN homologue)-> age-1-> daf-16 (Fork head transcription factor family), similar to the genetic pathway for the life span extension...
October 2001: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604882/an-hypothesis-concerning-control-networks-and-aging-in-drosophila-melanogaster-and-caenorhabditis-elegans
#19
C Driver
To explain trends emerging from the study of longevity mutants, a modification of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) model of aging is suggested. ROS do not appear to be produced in greater quantities during cellular activity unless specific factors are also present. These include raised cytosolic calcium and sodium ions, nitric oxide (NO) or dopamine. Metabolically active cells that are repeatedly exposed to these factors, especially in combination, show the most ROS damage and may contribute most to aging...
October 2001: Journal of the American Aging Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23604881/the-effect-of-lipopolysaccharide-on-enhanced-inflammatory-process-with-age-modulation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#20
H J Kwon, B K Sung, J W Kim, J H Lee, N D Kim, M A Yoo, H S Kang, H S Baek, S J Bae, J S Choi, R Takahashi, S Goto, H Y Chung
Oxidative stress is thought to be a causative factor for age-related damage in a wide variety of cellular constituents that can lead to dysfunction and various pathological conditions, including the inflammatory process. At the molecular level, the redox-sensitive transcription factor, NF-κB plays a key role in the regulation of the inflammatory process, along with cytokines, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). We studied the mechanism underlying the modulation of the inflammatory reaction with age by investigating NF-κB activation and the expression of COX-2, iNOS, and cytokines genes in hepatic tissues isolated from young and old rats...
October 2001: Journal of the American Aging Association
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