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Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106856/green-synthesis-and-characterization-of-palladium-nanoparticles-using-origanum-vulgare-l-extract-and-their-catalytic-activity
#1
Mohammed Rafi Shaik, Zuhur Jameel Qandeel Ali, Mujeeb Khan, Mufsir Kuniyil, Mohamed E Assal, Hamad Z Alkhathlan, Abdulrahman Al-Warthan, Mohammed Rafiq H Siddiqui, Merajuddin Khan, Syed Farooq Adil
The synthesis of Palladium (Pd) nanoparticles by green methods has attracted remarkable attention in recent years because of its superiority above chemical approaches, owing to its low cost and ecological compatibility. In this present work, we describe a facile and environmentally friendly synthesis of Pd nanoparticles (Pd NPs) using an aqueous extract of aerial parts of Origanum vulgare L. (OV) as a bioreductant. This plant is available in many parts of the world as well as in Saudi Arabia and is known to be a rich source of phenolic components, a feature we fruitfully utilized in the synthesis of Pd NPs, using various concentrations of plant extracts...
January 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106855/pharmacomodulation-of-the-antimalarial-plasmodione-synthesis-of-biaryl-and-n-arylalkylamine-analogues-antimalarial-activities-and-physicochemical-properties
#2
Karène Urgin, Mouhamad Jida, Katharina Ehrhardt, Tobias Müller, Michael Lanzer, Louis Maes, Mourad Elhabiri, Elisabeth Davioud-Charvet
With the aim of increasing the structural diversity on the early antimalarial drug plasmodione, an efficient and versatile procedure to prepare a series of biaryl- and N-arylalkylamines as plasmodione analogues is described. Using the naturally occurring and commercially available menadione as starting material, a 2-step sequence using a Kochi-Anderson reaction and subsequent Pd-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura coupling was developed to prepare three representative biphenyl derivatives in good yields for antimalarial evaluation...
January 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106854/the-effect-of-polyphenols-on-protein-degradation-pathways-implications-for-neuroprotection
#3
REVIEW
Parvana Hajieva
Human neurodegenerative diseases are accompanied by accumulation of heavily oxidized and aggregated proteins. However, the exact molecular reason is not fully elucidated yet. Insufficient cellular protein quality control is thought to play an important role in accumulating covalently oxidized misfolded proteins. Pharmacologically active polyphenols and their derivatives exhibit potential for preventive and therapeutic purposes against protein aggregation during neurodegeneration. Although these compounds act on various biochemical pathways, their role in stabilizing the protein degradation machinery at different stages may be an attractive therapeutical strategy to halt the accumulation of misfolded proteins...
January 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106847/combination-of-morroniside-and-diosgenin-prevents-high-glucose-induced-cardiomyocytes-apoptosis
#4
Wen-Xia Pi, Xiao-Peng Feng, Li-Hong Ye, Bao-Chang Cai
Cornus officinalis and Dioscorea opposita are two traditional Chinese medicines widely used in China for treating diabetes mellitus and its complications, such as diabetic cardiomyopathy. Morroniside (Mor) of Cornus officinalis and diosgenin (Dio) of Dioscorea opposita formed an innovative formula named M + D. The aims of the present study were to investigate myocardial protective effect of M + D on diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) through the inhibition of expression levels of caspase-3 protein, and identify the advantage of M + D compared with Mor, Dio, and the positive drug metformin (Met)...
January 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106844/phenolic-compounds-from-the-leaves-of-castanopsis-fargesii
#5
Yong-Lin Huang, Ya-Feng Wang, Jin-Lei Liu, Lei Wang, Takashi Tanaka, Yue-Yuan Chen, Feng-Lai Lu, Dian-Peng Li
In the course of a phytochemical and chemotaxonomical investigation of Castanopsis species (Fagaceae), three new phenolic compounds, (3R,1'S)-[1'-(6″-O-galloyl-β-d-gluco-pyranosyl)oxyethyl]-3-hydroxy-dihydrofuran-2(3H)-one (1), (2R,3S)-2-[2'-(galloyl)oxyethyl]-dihydroxybutanoic acid (2), and (3S,4S)-3-hydroxymethyl-3,4-dihydro-5,6,7-trihydroxy-4-(4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-1H-[2]-benzopyran-1-one (3) were isolated from the fresh leaves of Castanopsis fargesii. In addition, a known phenolic glycoside, gentisic acid 5-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-d-glucopyranoside (4) was also isolated and identified...
January 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106809/new-phenylpropanoid-and-coumarin-glycosides-from-the-stems-of-hydrangea-paniculata-sieb
#6
Jie Ma, Chuang-Jun Li, Jing-Zhi Yang, Hua Sun, Dong-Ming Zhang
A new phenylpropanoid glycoside (1), and two new coumarin glycosides (2, 3), together with two known compounds (4, 5), have been isolated from the stems of Hydrangea paniculata Sieb. Their structures have been determined by spectroscopic and chemical methods. Furthermore, compound 1 (50 μM) exhibited significant hepatoprotective activity against N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (APAP)-induced HepG2 cell damage in vitro assays.
January 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106808/anti-fatigue-effects-of-the-unique-polysaccharide-marker-of-dendrobium-officinale-on-balb-c-mice
#7
Wei Wei, Zhi-Peng Li, Tong Zhu, Hau-Yee Fung, Tin-Long Wong, Xin Wen, Dik-Lung Ma, Chung-Hang Leung, Quan-Bin Han
Dendrobium officinale extract shows potent anti-fatigue effects; however, the active substance responsible for these effects remains undetermined. A glucomannan with a huge molecular size of 730 kDa, called DOP, was identified as the unique authentication marker of this expensive herb. DOP exhibited immunomodulating effects on macrophages and lymphocytes in our previous study. Clinical reports also showed that people with fatigue syndrome have a disturbed immune system. Because DOP is the unique and dominant component of D...
January 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106807/novel-amino-pyridine-functionalized-chitosan-quaternary-ammonium-derivatives-design-synthesis-and-antioxidant-activity
#8
Qing Li, Caili Zhang, Wenqiang Tan, Guodong Gu, Zhanyong Guo
Chemical modification of chitosan is increasingly studied for its potential of providing new applications of chitosan. Here, a group of novel chitosan quaternary ammonium derivatives containing pyridine or amino-pyridine were designed and successfully synthesized through chemical modification of chitosan. Pyridine and amino-pyridine were used as functional groups to improve the antifungal activity of chitosan derivatives. The chitosan derivatives' antioxidant activity against hydroxyl-radical and 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)-radical was tested in vitro...
January 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106805/synthetic-assembly-of-mannose-moieties-using-polymer-chemistry-and-the-biological-evaluation-of-its-interaction-towards-concanavalin-a
#9
Deepti Diwan, Kohei Shinkai, Toshihiro Tetsuka, Bin Cao, Hidenao Arai, Tetsuo Koyama, Ken Hatano, Koji Matsuoka
Protein-carbohydrate interactions exhibit myriad intracellular recognition events, so understanding and investigating their specific interaction with high selectivity and strength are of crucial importance. In order to examine the effect of multivalent binding on the specificity of protein-carbohydrate interactions, we synthesized mannose glycosides as a novel type of glycosylated monomer and glycopolymers of polyacrylamide derivatives with α-mannose (α-Man) by radical polymerization and monitored their strength of interaction with concanavalin A (Con A) by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) detection...
January 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106804/ultrafast-electronic-deactivation-dynamics-of-xanthosine-monophosphate
#10
Katharina Röttger, Rebecca Stellmacher, Mayra C Stuhldreier, Friedrich Temps
Ultrafast energy dissipation is a crucial factor for the photostability of DNA and RNA, but even some of the key electronic deactivation pathways in monomeric nucleic acid building stones are still controversial. Here, we report on the excited-state dynamics of the rare nucleotide xanthosine monophosphate as a function of deprotonation state (XMP vs. XMP - ) and excitation wavelength ( λ pump = 278-243 nm) by femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence and absorption spectroscopy. We show that the predominating relaxation channel leads to a return of the photo-excited molecules to the electronic ground state in τ∼1 ps...
January 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106801/o-carboxymethyl-chitosan-supported-heterogeneous-palladium-and-ni-catalysts-for-heck-reaction
#11
Dongjun Lv, Mingjie Zhang
Two polymer catalysts (Pd-OCMCS and Ni-OCMCS) with good reusability were synthesized by coordinating Pd and Ni onto O-carboxymethyl chitosan (OCMCS). The chemical structure and thermal stability of prepared catalysts were determined by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra, Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS)analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analyzer (TG-DTG), and the analysis results showed that the Pd and Ni ions coordinated onto the OCMCS and formed a ligand with the -COOH group, amino groups, and -OH group on the OCMCS, and the EDS and Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) analysis results showed that the loading amounts of Pd and Ni were approximately 8...
January 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106796/preparative-scale-resolution-of-enantiomers-enables-accelerated-drug-discovery-and-development
#12
Hanna Leek, Shalini Andersson
The provision of pure enantiomers is of increasing importance not only for the pharmaceutical industry but also for agro-chemistry and biotechnology. In drug discovery and development, the enantiomers of a chiral drug depict unique chemical and pharmacological behaviors in a chiral environment, such as the human body, in which the stereochemistry of the chiral drugs determines their pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic and toxicological properties. We present a number of challenging case studies of up-to-kilogram separations of racemic or enriched isomer mixtures using preparative liquid chromatography and super critical fluid chromatography to generate individual enantiomers that have enabled the development of new candidate drugs within AstraZeneca...
January 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106795/bio-based-aromatic-epoxy-monomers-for-thermoset-materials
#13
REVIEW
Feifei Ng, Guillaume Couture, Coralie Philippe, Bernard Boutevin, Sylvain Caillol
The synthesis of polymers from renewable resources is a burning issue that is actively investigated. Polyepoxide networks constitute a major class of thermosetting polymers and are extensively used as coatings, electronic materials, adhesives. Owing to their outstanding mechanical and electrical properties, chemical resistance, adhesion, and minimal shrinkage after curing, they are used in structural applications as well. Most of these thermosets are industrially manufactured from bisphenol A (BPA), a substance that was initially synthesized as a chemical estrogen...
January 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106756/inhibitory-effects-of-constituents-from-the-aerial-parts-of-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-on-triglyceride-accumulation
#14
Jian Li, Tiwalade Adegoke Adelakun, Sijian Wang, Jingya Ruan, Shengcai Yang, Xiaoxia Li, Yi Zhang, Tao Wang
Sixteen flavonoids (1-16) including two new ones, named officinoflavonosides A (1) and B (2) were obtained from the aerial parts of Rosmarinus officinalis. Among the known ones, 6, 10, and 13 were isolated from the rosmarinus genus for the first time. Their structures were elucidated by chemical and spectroscopic methods. Moreover, the effects on sodium oleate-induced triglyceride accumulation (TG) in HepG2 cells of the above-mentioned compounds and 16 other isolates (17-32) reported previously to have been obtained in the plant were analyzed...
January 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106755/the-performance-of-several-docking-programs-at-reproducing-protein-macrolide-like-crystal-structures
#15
Alejandro Castro-Alvarez, Anna M Costa, Jaume Vilarrasa
The accuracy of five docking programs at reproducing crystallographic structures of complexes of 8 macrolides and 12 related macrocyclic structures, all with their corresponding receptors, was evaluated. Self-docking calculations indicated excellent performance in all cases (mean RMSD values ≤ 1.0) and confirmed the speed of AutoDock Vina. Afterwards, the lowest-energy conformer of each molecule and all the conformers lying 0-10 kcal/mol above it (as given by Macrocycle, from MacroModel 10.0) were subjected to standard docking calculations...
January 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106754/advances-in-solid-state-transformations-of-coordination-bonds-from-the-ball-mill-to-the-aging-chamber
#16
REVIEW
Cristina Mottillo, Tomislav Friščić
Controlling the formation of coordination bonds is pivotal to the development of a plethora of functional metal-organic materials, ranging from coordination polymers, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) to metallodrugs. The interest in and commercialization of such materials has created a need for more efficient, environmentally-friendly routes for making coordination bonds. Solid-state coordination chemistry is a versatile greener alternative to conventional synthesis, offering quantitative yields, enhanced stoichiometric and topological selectivity, access to a wider range of precursors, as well as to molecules and materials not readily accessible in solution or solvothermally...
January 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106753/naphthalimides-selectively-inhibit-the-activity-of-bacterial-replicative-dna-ligases-and-display-bactericidal-effects-against-tubercle-bacilli
#17
Malgorzata Korycka-Machala, Marcin Nowosielski, Aneta Kuron, Sebastian Rykowski, Agnieszka Olejniczak, Marcin Hoffmann, Jaroslaw Dziadek
The DNA ligases, enzymes that seal breaks in the backbones of DNA, are essential for all organisms, however bacterial ligases essential for DNA replication use β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide as their co-factor, whereas those that are essential in eukaryotes and viruses use adenosine-5'-triphosphate. This fact leads to the conclusion that NAD⁺-dependent DNA ligases in bacteria could be targeted by their co-factor specific inhibitors. The development of novel alternative medical strategies, including new drugs, are a top priority focus areas for tuberculosis research due to an increase in the number of multi-drug resistant as well as totally drug resistant tubercle bacilli strains...
January 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106751/synthesis-of-some-new-pyridazine-derivatives-for-anti-hav-evaluation
#18
Eman M Flefel, Waled A Tantawy, Walaa I El-Sofany, Mahmoud El-Shahat, Ahmed A El-Sayed, Dina N Abd-Elshafy
4-(2-(4-Halophenyl)hydrazinyl)-6-phenylpyridazin-3(2H)-ones 1a,b were prepared and treated with phosphorus oxychloride, phosphorus pentasulphide and ethyl chloroformate to give the corresponding chloropyridazine, pyridazinethione, oxazolopyridazine derivatives 2-4, respectively. Compound 2 reacted with hydrazine hydrate to afford hydrazinylpyridazine 7. The reaction of 4-(2-(4-chlorophenyl)hydrazinyl)-3-hydrazinyl-6-phenylpyridazine (7) with acetic anhydride, p-chlorobenzaldehyde and carbon disulphide gave the corresponding pyridazinotriazine derivatives 8-10...
January 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106750/synthesis-and-biotransformation-of-bicyclic-unsaturated-lactones-with-three-or-four-methyl-groups
#19
Katarzyna Wińska, Małgorzata Grabarczyk, Wanda Mączka, Adrianna Kondas, Gabriela Maciejewska, Radosław Bonikowski, Mirosław Anioł
The aim of this study was to obtain new unsaturated lactones by chemical synthesis and their microbial transformations using fungal strains. Some of these strains were able to transform unsaturated lactones into different hydroxy or epoxy derivatives. Strains of Syncephalastrum racemosum and Absidia cylindrospora gave products with a hydroxy group introduced into a tertiary carbon, while the Penicillium vermiculatum strain hydroxylated primary carbons. The Syncephalastrum racemosum strain hydroxylated both substrates in an allylic position...
January 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106749/new-frontiers-on-the-metabolism-bioavailability-and-health-effects-of-phenolic-compounds
#20
EDITORIAL
Pedro Mena, Rafael Llorach
n/a.
January 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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