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Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886866/corrigendum-to-the-effect-of-different-drugs-on-the-preparation-and-biological-outcomes-of-plasma-rich-in-growth-factors-ann-anat-196-2014-423-429
#1
Eduardo Anitua, María Troya, Mari Mar Zalduendo, Gorka Orive
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893968/interprofessional-approach-for-teaching-functional-knee-joint-anatomy
#2
Jakob J Meyer, Markus M Obmann, Marianne Gießler, Dominik Schuldis, Ann-Kathrin Brückner, Peter C Strohm, Florian Sandeck, Björn Spittau
Profound knowledge in functional and clinical anatomy is a prerequisite for efficient diagnosis in medical practice. However, anatomy teaching does not always consider functional and clinical aspects. Here we introduce a new interprofessional approach to effectively teach the anatomy of the knee joint. The presented teaching approach involves anatomists, orthopaedists and physical therapists to teach anatomy of the knee joint in small groups under functional and clinical aspects. The knee joint courses were implemented during early stages of the medical curriculum and medical students were grouped with students of physical therapy to sensitize students to the importance of interprofessional work...
November 25, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870925/quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis-of-student-tutors-as-near-peer-teachers-in-the-gross-anatomy-course
#3
J Walser, A Horneffer, W Oechsner, M Huber-Lang, S Gerhardt-Szep, A Boeckers
INTRODUCTION: Peer teaching is a well-established teaching method in medical education. During the 2012/13 winter term, the Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology in Ulm, Germany, introduced a longitudinal didactics program ("Train the Tutor": TtT) to train student tutors as near-peer teachers (NPT) in the dissection course (DC). Twenty-three of 38 tutors participated in the programme. Our study describes the educational concept and the NPTs' activities in the dissection course. METHODS: NPTs documented their activities on a daily basis in the form of semi-structured reports...
November 18, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838560/occurrence-and-colocalization-of-surfactant-proteins-a-b-c-and-d-in-the-developing-and-adult-rat-brain
#4
Stefan Schob, Julia Dieckow, Michael Fehrenbach, Nicole Peukert, Alexander Weiss, Dietrich Kluth, Ulrich Thome, Ulf Quäschling, Martin Lacher, Matthias Preuß
BACKGROUND: Surfactant proteins (SP's) have been described as inherent proteins of the human central nervous system (CNS). Their distribution pattern in brain tissue and altered cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) - concentrations in different CNS pathologies are indicative of their immunological and rheological importance. The aim of this study has been to investigate when - compared to the lungs - SP's are expressed in the developing rat brain and which functional components in the CNS participate in their production...
November 10, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838561/combined-maceration-procedure-permits-advanced-microsurgical-dissection-of-thiel-embalmed-specimens
#5
Hannes Bangerter, Susanne Boemke, Raphael Röthlisberger, Valerie Schwartz, Mathias Bergmann, Michael D Müller, Valentin Djonov
INTRODUCTION: Due to the realistic colour, texture conservation and preservation of biomechanical properties, Thiel-embalming is becoming the main embalming procedure for clinical courses and research based on human cadaver material. The aim of this study is to establish a new procedure that allows advanced microdissection of small vessels and intraorganic nerves in Thiel-embalmed material. MATERIAL AND METHODS/RESULTS: After a classical gross anatomical dissection, human hemipelves underwent repetitive application of 3 consecutive steps: (i) maceration with alloy of nitric acid and MiliQ water 1:10 for 24-48h...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838559/interactive-effects-of-periodontitis-and-orthodontic-tooth-movement-on-dental-root-resorption-tooth-movement-velocity-and-alveolar-bone-loss-in-a-rat-model
#6
Christian Kirschneck, Jochen Fanghänel, Ulrich Wahlmann, Michael Wolf, J Camilo Roldán, Peter Proff
BACKGROUND: Many adult orthodontic patients suffer from chronic periodontitis with recurrent episodes of active periodontal inflammation. As their number is steadily increasing, orthodontists are more and more frequently challenged by respective treatment considerations. However, little is currently known regarding interactive effects on undesired dental root resorption (DRR), tooth movement velocity, periodontal bone loss and the underlying cellular and tissue reactions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 63 male Fischer344 rats were used in three consecutive experiments employing 21 animals each (A/B/C), randomly assigned to 3 experimental groups (n=7, 1/2/3), respectively: (A) CBCT; (B) histology/serology; (C) RT-qPCR - (1) control; (2) orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) of the first/second upper left molars (NiTi coil spring, 0...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838558/ceremonies-of-gratitude-following-the-dissection-course-a-report-on-procedures-in-departments-of-anatomy-in-german-speaking-countries
#7
R Pabst, A Schmiedl, S Schrieber, T Tschernig, V C Pabst
The departments of anatomy in Germany, Austria and the German-speaking part of Switzerland were sent comprehensive (18 items) questionnaires requesting details on memorial ceremonies held at the close of the dissection course in the medical curriculum, including objectives, organization, number of participants and the role of the medical students. The response rate was very high (95%). In more than 95% of instances a ceremony is held, initiated mainly after 1970. The titles of the ceremony range from commemoration ceremony (42%), service of mourning (19%) memorial service (19%) to ceremony of gratitude (7%)...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837653/behavior-of-sphingomyelin-and-ceramide-in-a-tear-film-lipid-layer-model
#8
Agnieszka Olżyńska, Lukasz Cwiklik
Tear film lipid layer is a complex lipid mixture forming the outermost interface between eye and environment. Its key characteristics, such as surface tension and structural stability, are governed by the presence of polar lipids. The origin of these lipids and exact composition of the mixture are still elusive. We focus on two minor polar lipid components of the tear film lipid later: sphingomyelin and ceramide. By employing coarse grain molecular dynamics in silico simulations accompanied by Langmuir balance experiments we provide molecular-level insight into behavior of these two lipids in a tear film lipid layer model...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836800/sex-and-age-dependence-of-region-and-layer-specific-knee-cartilage-composition-spin-spin-relaxation-time-in-healthy-reference-subjects
#9
Wolfgang Wirth, Susanne Maschek, Felix Eckstein
Compositional measures of articular cartilage are accessible in vivo by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based relaxometry and cartilage spin-spin transverse relaxation time (T2) has been related to tissue hydration, collagen content and orientation, and mechanical (functional) properties of articular cartilage. The objective of the current study was therefore to evaluate subregional variation, and sex- and age-differences, in laminar (deep and superficial) femorotibial cartilage T2 relaxation time in healthy adults...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777116/digital-preservation-of-anatomical-variation-3d-modeling-of-embalmed-and-plastinated-cadaveric-specimens-using-uct-and-mri
#10
Colin W Moore, Timothy D Wilson, Charles L Rice
Anatomy educators have an opportunity to teach anatomical variations as a part of medical and allied health curricula using both cadaveric and three-dimensional (3D) digital models of these specimens. Beyond published cadaveric case reports, anatomical variations identified during routine gross anatomy dissection can be powerful teaching tools and a medium to discuss several anatomical sub-disciplines from embryology to medical imaging. The purpose of this study is to document how cadaveric anatomical variation identified during routine dissection can be scanned using medical imaging techniques to create two-dimensional axial images and interactive 3D models for teaching and learning of anatomical variations...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777115/scanning-electron-microscopy-study-of-new-bone-formation-following-small-and-large-defects-preserved-with-xenografts-supplemented-with-pamidronate-a-pilot-study-in-fox-hound-dogs-at-4-and-8-weeks
#11
Naroa Lozano-Carrascal, Marta Satorres-Nieto, Rafael Delgado-Ruiz, José Eduardo Maté-Sánchez de Val, Sergio Alexandre Gehrke, Jorge Gargallo-Albiol, José Luis Calvo-Guirado
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of SEM and EDX microanalysis on evaluating the effect of porcine xenografts (MP3(®)) supplemented with pamidronate during socket healing. Mandibular second premolars (P2) and first molars (M1) were extracted from six Beagle dogs. P2 were categorized as small defects (SD) and M1 as large defects (LD). Four random groups were created: SC (small control defects with MP3(®)), ST (small test defects MP3(®)+pamidronate), LC (large control defects with MP3(®)), and LT (large test defects MP3(®)+pamidronate)...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777114/myocardial-bridges-neither-rare-nor-isolated-autopsy-study
#12
G Teofilovski-Parapid, R Jankovic, V Kanjuh, R Virmani, N Danchin, N Prates, D V Simic, B Parapid
PURPOSE: Myocardial bridge is a congenital anomaly with a markedly variable reported incidence on autopsy (4.7%-86%), likely related to geographical regions. Our previous retrospective study showed a prevalence of 0.8%, which we doubted to be the true one in the examined sample of the Serbian population. To assess the importance of the phenomenon we conducted a 2-year prospective study at the same institution. METHODS: Ninety-six cadaver hearts from adult individuals of both genders (51 men, 45 women) who died from natural causes underwent special dissection...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777113/subsets-of-telocytes-myocardial-telocytes
#13
M C Rusu, S Hostiuc, A D Vrapciu, L Mogoantă, V S Mănoiu, F Grigoriu
Telocytes (TCs) are morphologically defined as small-sized cells with long, thin, moniliform processes called telopodes (Tps). Numerous papers imply that TCs are a distinctive cell type, and that transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is the gold standard tool for their identification. We aimed to reproduce previous studies on myocardial TCs to check their validity. For this purpose we performed an immunohistochemical study on human cardiac samples from six autopsied donor cadavers, using antibodies against CD10, CD31, CD34, CD146, Ki67, alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptor-alpha (PDGFRα) and laminin...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777112/stereological-investigation-of-the-ca1-pyramidal-cell-layer-in-untreated-and-lithium-treated-3xtg-ad-and-wild-type-mice
#14
Evelin L Schaeffer, Sergio Catanozi, Mark J West, Wagner F Gattaz
Pyramidal neuron loss in the hippocampal CA1 region is a very early hallmark of Alzheimer disease (AD). Lithium might be a therapeutic strategy for AD due to its neuroprotective and neurotrophic properties. This study used modern stereological techniques to investigate possible CA1 pyramidal neuron loss in 11-month-old triple transgenic AD (3xTg-AD) mice, and also the effects of therapeutic and subtherapeutic lithium doses on the number and density of CA1 pyramidal neurons and volume of CA1 pyramidal layer in 3xTg-AD and wild-type mice treated from 3 to 11 months of age...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773773/how-the-anatomische-gesellschaft-excluded-unwanted-members-after-1945-among-them-eugen-fischer-and-max-clara
#15
Andreas Winkelmann
The Anatomische Gesellschaft, an international Germany-based association of anatomists, was closed down in 1945, after the end of the "Third Reich". It was eventually re-founded in 1949, continuing its tradition from its foundation in 1886, based in large part on the membership prior to 1945. Newly available archival material reveals, however, that at least six members were explicitly prevented from re-joining the society. This includes Max Clara, who was accused of plagiarism and, at least implicitly, of basing his career on Nazi party support...
October 20, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773772/pulmonary-surfactant-metabolism-in-the-alveolar-airspace-biogenesis-extracellular-conversions-recycling
#16
Bárbara Olmeda, Marta Martínez-Calle, Jesus Pérez-Gil
Pulmonary surfactant is a lipid-protein complex that lines and stabilizes the respiratory interface in the alveoli, allowing for gas exchange during the breathing cycle. At the same time, surfactant constitutes the first line of lung defense against pathogens. This review presents an updated view on the processes involved in biogenesis and intracellular processing of newly synthesized and recycled surfactant components, as well as on the extracellular surfactant transformations before and after the formation of the surface active film at the air-water interface...
October 20, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765675/a-novel-classification-of-musculocutaneous-nerve-variations-the-relationship-between-the-communicating-branch-and-transposed-innervation-of-the-brachial-flexors-to-the-median-nerve
#17
Mari Hayashi, Kento Shionoya, Shogo Hayashi, Naoyuki Hatayama, Shinichi Kawata, Ning Qu, Shuichi Hirai, Hidenobu Miyaso, Masahiro Itoh
The musculocutaneous nerve innervates the brachial flexors; i.e., the coracobrachialis, biceps brachii, and brachialis. The musculocutaneous and median nerve sometimes share a communicating branch and also muscular branches to brachial flexors are sometimes transposed to median nerve. Because these variations constitute a potentially important clinical and surgical issue, we evaluated 130 upper limbs of 65 cadavers and 184 cases of musculocutaneous and median nerve variations in the literature and devised a novel system of classification that covers each pattern of variation...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725147/corrigendum-to-acid-sensing-ion-channels-and-transient-receptor-potential-ion-channels-in-zebrafish-taste-buds-ann-anat-207c-2016-32-37
#18
M Levanti, B Randazzo, E Viña, G Montalbano, O Garcia-Suarez, A Germanà, J A Vega, F Abbate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746222/do-they-know-too-little-an-inter-institutional-study-on-the-anatomical-knowledge-of-upper-year-medical-students-based-on-multiple-choice-questions-of-a-progress-test
#19
Irene Brunk, Stefan Schauber, Waltraud Georg
The depth of medical students' knowledge of human anatomy is often controversially discussed. In particular, members of surgical disciplines raise concerns regarding deficits in the factual anatomical and topographical knowledge of upper-year students. The question often raised is whether or not medical students have sufficient anatomical and topographical knowledge when they graduate from medical school. Indeed, this question is highly relevant for curricular planners. Therefore, we have addressed it by evaluating the performance of students in the 5th and 6th years of their studies on anatomical multiple choice questions from the Berlin Progress Test Medicine performed at 10 German university medical schools...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746221/osteogenic-differentiation-capacity-of-human-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-in-response-to-extracellular-calcium-with-special-regard-to-connexin-43
#20
Alena-Svenja Wagner, Kristina Glenske, Verena Wolf, Daniela Fietz, Sybille Mazurek, Thomas Hanke, Andreas Moritz, Stefan Arnhold, Sabine Wenisch
The effects of extracellular calcium on osteogenic differentiation capacity of human bone-derived mesenchymal stromal cells with special regard to connexin 43 (cx43) have been investigated by means of cell culture experiments. Mesenchymal stromal cells isolated from human cancellous bone were cultured on tissue culture plates at different calcium ion (Ca(2+)) concentrations (1.8mmoll(-1), 10mmoll(-1), 20mmoll(-1)). Cell responses were evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR, immunofluorescence staining, and Lucifer Yellow fluorescence uptake experiments...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
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