journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219632/alfred-pischinger-1899-1983-an-austrian-career-in-anatomy-continuing-through-national-socialism-to-postwar-leadership
#1
Sabine Hildebrandt, Gabriele Czarnowski
Despite intensified research efforts on the history of anatomy during National Socialism (NS), many aspects of this story still need further investigation. This study explores the life, work and politics of Alfred Pischinger, Chairman of the Institute for Embryology and Histology in Graz from 1936 to 1945, and in Vienna from 1958 to 1970, and is an addition to previous reports on careers in anatomy continuing through the Third Reich to the postwar period. Pischinger was an illegal NSDAP member in Austria, joined the SA in 1938, served as expert in racial hygiene, and as judge on the Genetic Health High Court of Graz...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212784/intraspinal-extradural-variations-of-nerve-roots
#2
Viktor Matejčík, Zora Haviarová, Andrej Šteňo, Roman Kuruc, Juraj Šteňo
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work is to point out the intraspinal extradural anatomical variations of nerve roots and their possible participation in radiculopathy. METHODS: The anatomical study was performed in 33 cadavers at a mean age of 46.5 and up to 24h from death. All extradural anastomoses between nerve roots were excised and examined histologically for the presence or absence of nervous tissue. The type of the plexus was defined by subtracting from the root C2...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212783/role-of-topical-dehydroepiandrosterone-in-ameliorating-isotretinoin-induced-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-in-adult-male-albino-rat
#3
Marwa A A Ibrahim, Walaa M Elwan
Isotretinoin broad effectiveness is limited by its detrimental effect on the Meibomian glands. Androgens have been reported to regulate the Meibomian gland function. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is an androgen precursor considered as an efficient and physiological anti-ageing skin agent. This study aimed to investigate the role of the topical DHEA in ameliorating Meibomian gland dysfunction caused by isotretinoin employing different histological and immunohistochemical techniques. Twenty-four adult male albino rats were divided into four equal groups; control group, DHEA-treated group (1% twice daily for 3 months), isotretinoin-treated group (0...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199823/an-experimental-study-of-a-rat-model-of-emphysema-induced-by-cigarette-smoke-exposure-and-the-effect-of-survanta-therapy
#4
Assmaa O Selim, Zienab A Gouda, Sally A Selim
The present study was performed to test the therapeutic effects of Survanta (an exogenous surfactant) on a Wistar rat model of emphysema. Thirty-five adult male Wistar rats were divided randomly into the following groups; control subgroups Ia&b (n=14); emphysematous model subgroups IIa,b&c (n=21) exposed to cigarette smoke (CS), received phosphate buffer solution (PBS) and Survanta respectively. The levels of serum myeloperoxidase (MPO), lung tissue lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) as well as antioxidants: catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and oxidative stress: malondialdehyde (MDA) markers were measured...
February 13, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185902/lung-remodeling-in-aging-surfactant-protein-d-deficient-mice
#5
Jan Philipp Schneider, Martina Arkenau, Lars Knudsen, Dirk Wedekind, Matthias Ochs
Pulmonary surfactant, a mixture of lipids and proteins at the air-liquid interface of alveoli, prevents the lungs from collapsing due to surface tension. One constituent is surfactant-associated protein-D (SP-D), a protein involved in surfactant homeostasis and innate immunity. Mice deficient in SP-D (SP-D (-/-)) have been described as developing a characteristic phenotype which affects the surfactant system (including changes in the intra-cellular and intra-alveolar surfactant pool, alveolar epithelial type II cells and alveolar macrophages), lung architecture and its inflammatory state (development of an emphysema-like pathology, inflammatory cell infiltration)...
February 6, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179104/variations-in-structure-of-the-outflow-tract-of-the-human-embryonic-heart-a-new-hypothesis-for-generating-bicuspid-aortic-semilunar-valves
#6
Nadine C Milos, Derek B Nordstrom, Ivano Ongaro, Ava K Chow
Outflow tract development of the heart is complex. The presence, differential growth and interactions of the various tissues through space and time contribute to the final development of the tract. This paper presents a novel interpretation of observations of outflow tract development, in particular of the aortic and pulmonary semilunar valves in embryos from the Shaner Collection at the University of Alberta. Three-dimensional reconstructions assist in the visualization of the spatial relationships of the developing valve tissues...
February 4, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163208/anatomical-variations-of-the-renal-arteries-cadaveric-and-radiologic-study-review-of-the-literature-and-proposal-of-a-new-classification-of-clinical-interest
#7
Clara Cases, Laura García-Zoghby, Paula Manzorro, Francisco J Valderrama-Canales, Miguel Muñoz, María Vidal, Clara Simón, Jose R Sanudo, Stephen McHanwell, Juan Arrazola
PURPOSE: To analyse the variations of the renal arteries in two samples, cadaveric and computerized tomographic (CT) images, as well as to propose a simple classification of such variations based on the obtained results and an extensive review of the literature on the topic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty human dissected kidneys and their vessels, and 583 abdominal CT were studied. RESULTS: A total of 86 arteries were described in the cadaveric sample, whereas 1223 were analysed in the radiological one...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163207/expression-of-recombinant-surfactant-protein-sfta3-in-the-human-kidney-cell-line-hek-293t
#8
H Schröder, R Fischer, L Sollfrank, F Paulsen, L Bräuer, M Schicht
Pulmonary surfactant is broadly known to keep the lung dry, clean and open by lowering the surface tension of the fluid-film that lines the alveoli. The surfactant's protein component, the so called surfactant proteins (SPs), make up a multifunctional protein family. In addition to the four "classical" surfactant proteins (SP-A, SP-B, SP-C and SP-D), which possess immunologic as well as surfactant regulatory properties, two novel putative surfactant proteins (SFTA2 and SFTA3) have recently been described. Neither of them shows sequential nor structural similarity with the already known surfactant proteins...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163206/anatomy-of-the-human-orbital-muscle-om-features-of-its-detailed-topography-syntopy-and-morphology
#9
Andre Wilden, Janna Feiser, Aliona Wöhler, Zeynep Isik, Habib Bendella, Doychin N Angelov
The human orbital muscle (OM) is not readily accessible during ordinary anatomical teaching because of insufficient time and difficulties encountered in the preparation. Accordingly, its few anatomical descriptions are supported only by drawings, but not by photographs. The aim of this study was to present OM in dissected anatomic specimens in more detail. Following microscope-assisted dissection, its location, syntopy and morphology were analyzed in 88 orbits of 51 cadavers. Together with the periorbital connective tissue OM filled the infraorbital fissure (IOF) and extended back to the cavernous sinus...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163205/localization-pattern-of-visfatin-nampt-in-d-galactose-induced-aged-rat-testis
#10
Malsawmhriatzuala Jeremy, Guruswami Gurusubramanian, Vikas Kumar Roy
Aging is a complex irreversible process which leads to decline in body physiology including reproductive activity. Neurological and brain functions defects have been studied in the d-gal induced aging rodent model. However, there is dearth of literature on reproductive aging induced by d-gal treatment. Visfatin is an adipokine which regulates testicular steroidogenesis and its level increases under stress conditions to cope and extend longevity. To the best of our knowledge the expression and localization pattern of visfatin and histological evaluation of d-gal induced aged testis have not been investigated...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163204/overexpression-of-kynurenic-acid-in-stroke-an-endogenous-neuroprotector
#11
A Mangas, J Yajeya, N González, I Ruiz, S Duleu, M Geffard, R Coveñas
It is known that kynurenic acid (KYNA) exerts a neuroprotective effect against the neuronal loss induced by ischemia; acting as a scavenger, and exerting antioxidant action. In order to study the distribution of KYNA, a highly specific monoclonal antibody directed against KYNA was developed. This distribution was studied in control rats and in animals in which a middle cerebral artery occlusion (stroke model) was induced. By double immunohistochemistry, astrocytes containing KYNA and GFAP were exclusively found in the ipsilateral cerebral cortex and/or striatum, at 2, 5 and 21days after the induction of stroke...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163203/the-high-variability-of-the-chiasma-plantare-and-the-long-flexor-tendons-anatomical-aspects-of-tendon-transfer-in-foot-surgery
#12
Bettina Pretterklieber
As tendon transfer of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) and the flexor digitorum longus (FDL) is an established procedure, exact knowledge of the formation of the chiasma plantare is of great interest. Although the quadratus plantae (QP) appears to play a major role, it has been rarely addressed in previous studies. The aim of the present study was to reinvestigate the formation of the chiasma plantare and the composition of the long flexor tendons in order to clarify the inexact and partly contradictory descriptions published from 1865 onward...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163201/the-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-rage-is-involved-in-corneal-healing
#13
Norbert Nass, Stefanie Trau, Friedrich Paulsen, Delia Kaiser, Thomas Kalinski, Saadettin Sel
Impaired corneal healing is still a major cause of blindness. As RAGE (receptor for advanced glycation endproducts) is involved in inflammation and wound healing in other tissues, we here investigated its relevance for corneal wound healing. Corneal re-epithelialization after alkaline injury was analysed in an ex-vivo approach with cultured, enucleated eyes from mice either of the C57Bl/6 NChR genotype (RAGE+/+) and mice of the same strain lacking the RAGE gene (RAGE-/-). The wound area was determined time dependently by fluorescence imaging using fluorescein staining...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163202/endoneurial-cd34-positive-cells-define-an-intermediate-layer-in-human-digital-pacinian-corpuscles
#14
J García-Piqueras, O García-Suárez, M C Rodríguez-González, J L Cobo, R Cabo, J A Vega, J Feito
The endoneurial and/or perineurial origin of the outer core; i.e. the concentric and continuous lamellae located outside the complex formed by the axon and the Schwann-related cells, in human Pacinian corpuscles is still debated. Here we used immunohistochemistry coupled with a battery of antibodies to investigate the expression of perineurial (Glucose transporter 1 and epithelial membrane antigen) or endoneurial (CD34 antigen) markers in human digital Pacinian corpuscles. CD34 immunoreactivity was restricted to one layer immediately outside the inner core, whereas the proper outer core displayed antigens typical of the perineurial cells...
February 2, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161481/munich-anatomy-and-the-distribution-of-bodies-from-the-stadelheim-execution-site-during-national-socialism
#15
Mathias Schütz, Jens Waschke, Georg Marckmann, Florian Steger
During the reign of National Socialism (NS) anatomical institutes regularly received bodies of executed prisoners in steadily increasing numbers. After 1939, the execution site at Stadelheim prison in Munich supplied not only Munich anatomy but also the institutes in Erlangen, Innsbruck and Würzburg. Due to the disappearance of the Munich body journals, the exact dimension and procedure of body procurement from Stadelheim remained unknown for 70 years. After consultation of a wide range of sources, including rediscovered fragments of the body journals, it is now possible to give an almost comprehensive account of the developments...
February 2, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034695/aberrant-lung-remodeling-in-a-mouse-model-of-surfactant-dysregulation-induced-by-modulation-of-the-abca3-gene
#16
Michael F Beers, Lars Knudsen, Yaniv Tomer, Julian Maronn, Ming Zhao, Matthias Ochs, Surafel Mulugeta
The lipid transporter, ATP binding cassette class A3 (ABCA3), plays a critical role in the biogenesis of alveolar type 2 (AT2) cell lamellar bodies (LBs). A relatively large number of mutations in the ABCA3 gene have been identified in association with diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD), the most common of which is a missense mutation (valine substitution for lysine at residue 292 (ABCA3(E292V))) that leads to functional impairment of the transporter in vitro. The consequences of ABCA3(E292)(V) gene expression in vivo are unknown...
March 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987402/efficacy-of-human-umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-treatment-of-rat-bone-marrow-exposed-to-gamma-irradiation
#17
Hanaa S E Mousa, Sally M Shalaby, Zienab A Gouda, Fayza E Ahmed, Aisha A El-Khodary
To assess the therapeutic effects of the human umbilical cord blood (hUCB) derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on rat bone marrow (BM) exposed to gamma rays, 3 groups (n=15 each) of adult male Wistar albino rats were utilized as follows: the 1st group received PBS (control group), the 2nd group was exposed to gamma rays 1.04Gy/min (R group) and the 3rd group exposed to same dose as RG and injected hUCB-MSCs. The BM of femurs was processed for histological and immunohistochemical staining with proliferating cell nuclear antigen antibody (PCNA), anti human CD105 and anti human CD34...
March 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986642/anatomic-characteristics-of-the-mitral-isthmus-region-the-left-atrial-appendage-isthmus-as-a-possible-ablation-target
#18
Mateusz K Hołda, Mateusz Koziej, Jakub Hołda, Kamil Tyrak, Katarzyna Piątek, Filip Bolechała, Wiesława Klimek-Piotrowska
The mitral isthmus is a part of the postero-inferior area of the lateral left atrial wall located between the mitral annulus and the left inferior pulmonary vein ostium. Linear ablation lesions are created within the mitral isthmus for the invasive treatment of left atrial arrhythmias. However, the anatomy of this region is not fully understood. The aim of this study has been to provide a detailed morphometric description of the mitral isthmus region and to propose another possible isthmus within the investigated heart area that may serve as a potential new ablation target...
March 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986641/implementation-of-clinical-references-for-undergraduates-in-anatomy
#19
André Kranz, Ingo Bechmann, Christine Feja, Kay-Rüdiger Kohlhaw, Thomas Bürkigt, Lisa Lippross, Nora Dietze, Sabine Löffler
This study evaluates the implementation of clinical references in undergraduate medical education. For this purpose, images of typical diagnostic, intraoperative and clinical findings were integrated into two different teaching formats and adapted to the learning objectives of the Institute of Anatomy in Leipzig. Paper based questionnaires were used to evaluate the status quo (without clinical images) and the optimal time of implementation, as well as the benefit for the students of human medicine. Three test groups were drawn from two preclinical semesters (2014 and 2015)...
March 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986640/microscopic-observations-show-invasion-of-inflammatory-cells-in-the-limb-blastema-and-epidermis-in-pre-metamorphic-frog-tadpoles-which-destroy-the-apical-epidermal-cap-and-impede-regeneration
#20
Lorenzo Alibardi
Some limb regeneration in tadpoles of Rana dalmatina occurs at stages 44-48 when small hind-limbs are present while scarring occurs at stages 51-52 when forelimbs have developed and metamorphosis is approaching. Ultrastructural analysis of cells forming the regenerating blastema detects mesenchymal cells and an Apical Epidermal Cap (AEC) in regenerating limb blastema 5-6 days post-amputation at stages 46-48. In contrast, granulocytes and numerous macrophages and lymphocytes prevail over mesenchymal cells in limb blastema at stages 51-52, which are destined to form scars...
March 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
journal
journal
35163
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"