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Heart, Lung & Circulation

Jiahong Wang, Lan Zhao, Jiarui Wei, Shaoheng Zhang, Nannan Chen, Dongxing Ding, Qunlin Gong, Feng Su, Jian Yan, Pengxiang Zheng
BACKGROUND: Various therapies have been used to improve the symptoms and prognosis of patients with coronary artery disease. However, comparative studies showing more suitable choices for patients with ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and who smoke cigarettes are lacking. METHODS: A total of 338 patients were divided into four groups according to whether they received complete revascularisation (CR), and/or underwent smoking cessation (SC). They were followed prospectively for 12 months...
September 26, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Kyung Hye Lee, Sang Jin Ha, Jong-Shin Woo, Gi-Ja Lee, So-Ra Lee, Jung Wook Kim, Hun Kuk Park, Weon Kim
BACKGROUND: Exenatide exerts cardioprotective effects by attenuating ischaemic reperfusion injury, possibly through activating the opening of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels. We used atomic force microscopy (AFM) to investigate changes in mitochondrial morphology and properties in order to assess exenatide-mediated cardioprotection in IR injury. METHODS: We used an in vivo Sprague-Dawley rat IR model and ex vivo Langendorff injury model. In the left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusion model, animals were randomly divided into three groups: sham-operated rats (Sham, n=5), IR-injured rats treated with placebo (IR, n=6), and IR-injured treated with exenatide (IR + EXE, n=6)...
September 23, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Hannah A D Keage, Ashleigh Smith, Tobias Loetscher, Peter Psaltis
Older individuals can now undergo invasive cardiovascular procedures without serious concern about mortality, and the numbers and proportions of the over 65s and 85s doing so in Australia has been increasing over the last 20 years. There is overwhelming evidence linking cardiovascular conditions to late-life (65 years and over) cognitive impairment and dementia including Alzheimer's Disease, primarily due to impaired cerebrovascularisation and cascading neuropathological processes. Somewhat paradoxically, these cardiovascular interventions, carried out with the primary aim of revascularisation, are not usually associated with short- or long-term improvements in cognitive function in older adults...
September 23, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Ahmed M Selim, Nitasha Sarswat, Iosif Kelesidis, Muhammad Iqbal, Ramesh Chandra, Ronald Zolty
BACKGROUND: The relationship between heart failure (HF) and the serotonergic system has been established in animal studies. However, data on human plasma serotonin level in HF and its significance over the course of the disease is lacking. METHODS: Serotonin levels were measured in 173 patients (108 males, 65 females), 116 were stable HF and 40 were acute decompensated HF patients. The normal control group included 17 healthy volunteers with no known medical or psychiatric conditions...
September 17, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Samuel J Fogarty, Graeme Hart, Jim Nicklin, Bala Venkatesh, Nicholas Boyne, David C Wong, Jason L Stone, Andrew J Rainbird
Intracardiac leiomyomatosis is a rare complication that occurs when a uterine leiomyoma (fibroid) undergoes vascular invasion and propagates within the inferior vena cava to reach the right atrium. This article describes a case of intracardiac leiomyomatosis in a middle-aged woman, exploring the presentation, diagnosis and surgical management of this condition. In this case the presenting complaints were syncope and atrial fibrillation, illustrating the importance of performing a transthoracic echocardiogram in patients presenting with their first episode of atrial fibrillation...
September 17, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Yitao Zhang, Weijie Zeng, Shiyao Cheng, Zhichong Chen, Jiaojie Xue, Qing Wang, Maode Ou, Kanglin Cheng
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a serious disease, and treatment is a continuing challenge. Some in vitro and in vivo studies identified that statins were effective for PH. However, results of some randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have been controversial. The objective of our study was to clarify whether statins are effective and safe for pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: We systematically searched for eligible RCTs from PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library during January 2016...
September 15, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Anne-Maree Kelly, Sharon Klim
BACKGROUND: To determine the rate of all cause and cardiac death, new myocardial infarction (MI) or coronary revascularisation at over three years from index visit in emergency department chest pain patients without known coronary artery disease (CAD) at index presentation who had a negative electrocardiogram (ECG) and biomarker workup for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: An unplanned sub-study of a prospective observational study of consecutive adult patients presenting to the ED with atraumatic chest pain (or equivalents)...
September 13, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Andreia Noites, Carla Patrícia Freitas, Joana Pinto, Cristina Melo, Ágata Vieira, Aníbal Albuquerque, Madalena Teixeira, Fernando Ribeiro, José Mesquita Bastos
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally and sedentary lifestyle is one of the main risk factors. Home-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs appear to be effective to improve exercise tolerance. The aim of the study, therefore, was to evaluate the effects of a phase IV (maintenance) home-based CR program on cardiorespiratory fitness and daily physical activity of patients recovering from an acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: This pilot study, with a sub-group randomised controlled trial, included 32 individuals recovering from a myocardial infarction, randomly divided into the experimental group (EG, n=16) and the control group (CG, n=16)...
September 13, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Haiying Chen, Hongli Yang, Hongmei Yue, Pádraig Michael Strappe, Peng Xia, Li Pan, Yingxin Zhang, Shoudong Chai, Shuangfeng Chen, Longle Ma, Lexin Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) transduced with lentiviral vectors expressing endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and/or a mutant caveolin-1(F92A-Cav1), on the pulmonary haemodynamics and structure in a rat model of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS: Pulmonary arterial hypertension was induced with monocrotaline (MCT) in 60 adult male Wistar rats prior to delivery of lentiviral vector transduced rBMSCs expressing Cav1, eNOS and/or F92A-Cav1...
September 9, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Shigeaki Aoyagi, Eiki Tayama, Takeshi Oda, Tomokazu Kosuga, Hiroshi Yasunaga
In patients with atrial fibrillation, closure of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is recommended to prevent thromboembolic events, however, conventional exclusion or excision techniques have potential drawbacks such as persistent blood flow into the appendage and a residual stump. We propose a simple and easy technique for LAA closure consisting of intra-atrial excision of the LAA, which is invaginated into the left atrium (LA), and direct suture closure of the orifice from inside the LA. In this technique, complete elimination of the LAA was achieved without leaving a residual stump because the LAA was excised at the orifice and was closed at the base of the LAA...
September 9, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Chris W Piercecchi, Julio C Vasquez, Stephen J Kaplan, Jordan Hoffman, John D Puskas, Jacob DeLaRosa
We present a rare late complication after inferior vena cava filter (IVC) placement. A 52-year-old woman with an IVC presented with sudden onset of chest pain. Cardiac catheterisation and echocardiography revealed an embolised IVC filter strut penetrating the right ventricle. Endovascular retrieval was considered but deemed unsafe due to proximity to the right coronary artery and concern for migration to pulmonary circulation. Urgent removal of the strut was performed via sternotomy. The postoperative course was uneventful...
September 5, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Alexander M M Elder, Martin K C Ng
We report a case of asceptic sialadenitis that occurred in a patient with end-stage renal failure following administration of iodinated contrast for coronary and carotid angiography. This is a rare but important complication of iodinated contrast. Early diagnosis of iodide mumps following angiography avoids unnecessary investigations and treatment. In this case the patient underwent haemodialysis with subsequent complete resolution of the sialadenitis, a treatment that has previously not been reported for this condition...
August 31, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
John R Richards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
David Bell, David Marshman
We describe the case of a 70-year-old man with Marfan Syndrome who was found to have Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) within an ascending aortic graft, his native aortic arch and arch vessels. Ten years previously he had undergone a Bentall's Procedure for a dilated aortic root. He presented with a left middle cerebral artery stroke. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed multiple filling defects within the aortic arch and branch vessels suggestive of thrombus. Following the stroke, his neurological deficit improved...
August 31, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Hariharan Sugumar, Matthew Tung, Richard Leather, Christopher Lane, Laurence D Sterns, Paul G Novak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Claudia Villanueva, Mathew Doyle, Jessica Berger, Gary Fermanis, Derek Glenn
Massive mediastinal tumours are rare in clinical practice and complete surgical resection may be associated with serious complications. Preoperative angiography and embolisation are valuable adjuncts in the management of giant tumours to decrease perioperative blood loss, provide a clear operative field and facilitate complete resection. We report the safe use of preoperative embolisation which facilitated excision via clamshell incision, of a highly vascular massive anterior mediastinal tumour with an unusual final diagnosis...
August 30, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
I Matthaios, A Kaladaridou, E Skaltsiotes, J Agrios, A Antoniou, G Georgiopoulos, E Papadopoulou, C Pamboucas, S Toumanidis
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) pacing is unsuccessful in a significant number of patients, mainly due to sub-optimal LV pacing location. Nevertheless, data about the impact of different pacing sites on LV function in ischaemic myocardium are scarce. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of combinations of alternative LV pacing sites on LV mechanics after experimental acute anterior myocardial infarction (AMI), in order to define the optimal configuration. METHODS: Atrioventricular epicardial pacing at alternative pacing sites was performed in 16 healthy pigs simultaneously, after experimental AMI...
August 29, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Matthew Burrage, Peter Moore, Chris Cole, Stephen Cox, Wing Chi Lo, Anthony Rafter, Bruce Garlick, Paul Garrahy, Julie Mundy, Anthony Camuglia
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve replacement is indicated in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS). Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has evolved as a potential strategy in a growing proportion of patients in preference to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). This meta-analysis aims to assess the differential outcomes of TAVR and SAVR in patients enrolled in published randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: A systematic literature search of Cochrane Library, EMBASE, OVID, and PubMed MEDLINE was performed...
August 29, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
J Nogic, L M McCormick, N Nerlekar, R P Gooley, P M Mottram, I T Meredith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Mohammed Ruzieh, Ankush Moza, Bhavana Siddegowda Bangalore, Thomas Schwann, Jodi Lee Tinkel
BACKGROUND: Transradial catheterisation is known to be associated with occlusion of the radial artery with an estimated incidence of 2-10% (1). There are very few studies looking at the patency of radial artery as a bypass graft after utilisation for catheterisation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) utilising a radial artery graft. RESULTS: Long term patency rates were 59% in radial artery grafts utilised for catheterisation prior to CABG, compared to 78% if it were not (p= 0...
August 26, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
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