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Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry

Adeleye Solomon Bakarey, Olukemi Jabaru, Olusola Olayiwola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Zeki Aras, Orhan Yavuz, Gökçenur Sanioğlu Gölen
Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an acute respiratory disease of chickens and it is a cause of great economic loss in commercial layers. The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of ILT in the field outbreaks and to compare the characteristics of ILT infected and free flocks of commercial layers. A total of 625 blood serum samples were collected from 25 different layer flocks. The presence of antibodies against Infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) in each sample was determined by ELISA...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
José L Escalona, Graciela L Uzcanga, Liomary M Carrasquel, José Bubis
Salivarian trypanosomes evade the host immune system by continually swapping their protective variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) coat. Given that VSGs from various trypanosome stocks exhibited cross-reactivity (Camargo et al., Vet. Parasitol. 207, 17-33, 2015), we analyzed here which components are the antigenic determinants for this cross-reaction. Soluble forms of VSGs were purified from four Venezuelan animal trypanosome isolates, TeAp-N/D1, TeAp-ElFrio01, TeAp-Mantecal01, and TeGu-Terecay323. By using the VSG soluble form from TeAp-N/D1, we found that neither the inositol-1,2-cyclic phosphate moiety of the cross-reacting determinant nor the carbohydrate chains were exclusively responsible of its cross-reactivity...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Imad Tarhoni, Cristina L Fhied, Mark Pool, Michael J Liptay, Philip Bonomi, Christopher W Seder, Jeffrey A Borgia
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is associated with tumor progression in a range of malignancies. Herein, we develop custom immunobead assays for several mechanistically-important targets and evaluated these against sera from cohorts of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS: Antigen "capture" antibodies for midkine, syndecan-1, and ANGPTL4 were independently conjugated to MagPlex® Microspheres using standard carbodiimide/NHS-based chemistry. These reagents served as the basis for quantitative sandwich assay assembly using biotinylated detection antibodies and R-phycoerythrin-conjugated streptavidin reporter system...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Faouzi Mezni, Mona Mlika, Hamouda Boussen, Habib Ghedira, Thouraya Fenniche, Talmoudi Faten, Marie-Anne Loriot
BACKGROUND: Molecular profile of lung cancer is well known in developed countries. These countries reached the era of liquid biopsies, immunotherapy and urine circulating tumor DNA. The descripancies between developed countries and developping ones are becoming deeper. Because of a lack of data in Tunisia, we tried to analyze the molecular profile of non small cell carcinomas and to assess the morphologic subtype of adenocarcinomas according to their mutational profile. METHODS: We performed molecular analyses in Tunisia and in France of 84 patients who were able to afford the cost of the diagnostic techniques carcinomas diagnosed between 2012 and 2015...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Yun Sang Cho, Mun Han Lee, Jong Man Kim, Hee Soo Lee, Han Sang Yoo, Yong Ho Park, Pan Dong Ryu
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in humans can currently only be treated with vancomycin. Consequently, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp. pose a serious public health hazard because MRSA can acquire their vancomycin resistance. While the microbiological and genetic characteristics of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) have been extensively studied, serological diagnostic tools for these organisms are lacking. The VanA and VanB classes of VRE show marked resistance. Here, we identified the VanA and VanB proteins that are immunogenic in mice...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Stefan Alexandru Artene, Cristian Tuţă, Alexandra Dragoi, Oana Alexandru, Purcaru Stefana Oana, Daniela Elise Tache, Maria Mihaela Dănciulescu, Mihai Virgil Boldeanu, Cristian Adrian Siloşi, Anica Dricu
Glioblastomas (GBM) are the most lethal and hard to treat malignancies in clinical practice. The standard of care for treating GBM involving surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy and concomitant temozolomide (TMZ) has remained virtually unchanged in the past decade. Molecular targeted therapies against cancer-specific structures have reported mediocre results in the treatment of GBM, due to multiple factors such as the presence of the blood brain barrier (BBB) or a vast array of molecular alterations which greatly hinder the action of the most therapeutic agents...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Vanessa Susini, Veronica Lucia Rossi, Antonio Sanesi, Laurent Drazek
Alkaline phosphatase (AP) (EC is one of the most used enzymes in immunoassays. In VIDAS® assays (bioMérieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France) AP catalyses the hydrolysis of 4-Methylumbelliferyl phosphate (4-MUP) in 4-Methylumbelliferone (4-MU) producing a fluorescent signal. This work introduces an original method of characterization of the kinetics parameter Km, Vmax and Kcat of AP embedded in VIDAS® assays. Assessment of such constants allows us to predict the fluorescent signal generated for given amounts of enzyme and its associated substrate; in the particular case of VIDAS®, it has been estimated that 0...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Asmaa Gaber Abdou, Alaa Hassan Marae, Mohammed Shoeib, Ghada Dawood, Enas Abouelfath
The AP-1 transcription factor complex is a key player in regulating inflammatory processes, cell proliferation, differentiation and cell transformation. The aim of the present study is to investigate C-Jun (one of AP-1complex) expression and its proliferative role in skin samples of lichen planus, psoriasis as common inflammatory skin diseases and squamous cell carcinoma using immunohistochemical method. The present study was carried out on skin biopsies of 15 psoriatic patients, 15 lichen planus patients, 15 SCC and 15 normal skin biopsies...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Cecilia Sóñora, Paula Arbildi, Iris Miraballes-Martínez, Ana Hernández
Phagocytosis is a fundamental process for removal of pathogens and for clearance of apoptotic cells. The objective of this work was the preparation of fluorescent microspheres by a simple method and the evaluation of its applicability in phagocytosis assays by using different human derived cells, differentiated THP-1 cell line and blood monocytes, with flow cytometry measurements for functionality assays. Our results show that microparticles are efficiently internalized in a non-opsonized form and in dose dependent manner by both cellular types...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Elisa M Castells, Ernesto C González, Pedro L Pérez, Lesley Del Río, Yileidis Tejeda, Yenitse Perea, Odalys Martín, Maryeris Espinosa, Jose A Rivero, Amarilys Frómeta
Congenital hypothyroidism is one of the most common preventable causes of mental retardation. The Center of Immunoassay has developed the UMELISA(®) T4 NEONATAL and UMELISA(®) T4 to determine neonatal T4 levels in dried blood and serum samples. Both reagent kits use the same polystyrene plates coated with anti- thyroxine (T4) polyclonal antibodies as solid phase. This work shows the re-standardization of the UMELISA(®) T4 NEONATAL and UMELISA(®) T4 using plates coated with anti-T4 monoclonal antibodies (T4Mabs)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Ahmed Sami Abu-Bakr El-Bayoumy, Akaber Tarek Hessien Keshta, Khaled Mohamed Sallam, Nahed Hassan Ebeid, Hatem Mohamed Elsheikh, Bsheer El-Sayed Bayoumy
This study aimed to provide an easy and effective method for extraction and purification of prostate specific antigen (PSA) from human seminal fluid with high quantity (14 mg) and high purity (98%). The obtained PSA was injected into rabbits for production of anti-PSA polyclonal antibody (titer 1/1000), labeled with radioactive iodine-125 for preparation of radioactive PSA tracer (purity 98 ± 1.8% and specific activity 64 ± 1.9 µCi/µg), and used in preparation of PSA standards. All prepared components can be used in PSA immunoassays specially radioimmunoassay (RIA) kit preparation as a diagnostic tool for prostatic diseases...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
M Krunkosky, M García, L G Beltran Garza, E Karpuzoglu-Belgin, J Levin, R J Williams, R M Gogal
Characterizing the immune cells of the head associated lymphoid tissues (HALT) and trachea during maturation in young birds is critical to understanding the immunological responses to avian respiratory diseases and vaccines. Selected mucosal leukocytes of the conjunctiva-associated lymphoid tissue (CALT), Harderian gland (HG), nasal associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) and trachea from 4, 6, 8 and 10-week-old chickens were enumerated and phenotyped. HG, NALT, and trachea cellularity increased as the birds aged with cell viability varying by tissue...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
René Rübenhagen, Marc Dangers
BACKGROUND: Allergen-specific IgE levels in human sera support the diagnosis of allergies. However, commonly used laboratory tests are time consuming. The new point-of-care test FastCheckPOC 20 (FCP20) allows the simultaneous and semi-quantitative evaluation of IgE antibodies for 20 aeroallergens and food allergens. METHODS: Two hundred patients with allergic symptoms were included in a multicenter performance evaluation using both whole blood and plasma or serum samples...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Saman Jumaah, Abuzer Çelekli, Murat Sucu
OBJECTIVE: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic condition with the hallmark feature of left ventricular hypertrophy. Human Urotensin-II (hUT-II) is regarded as a cardiovascular autacoid/hormone, and it has cardiac inotropic and hypertrophic properties. Aims of this study were to elucidate the clinical significance of serum hUT-II levels as a potential new biomarker in patients with HCM. METHODS: This study included 40 HCM patients (60% males and 40% females) and were compared to 30 healthy control subjects (47% males and 53% females...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Xuemei Zhang, Jingwen Xu, Zhongxiang Wu, Wenbing Zhu, Shaozhong Dong
Tree shrews (Tupaia belangeri) are small squirrel-like mammals closely related to primates. Due to their susceptibility to several human viruses, tree shrews have been proposed as potential animal models for the study of human viral infections. However, there are no standardized assays currently available for the detection of tree shrew-specific interferon (IFN)-γ, a major cytokine secreted during the antiviral immune response. Herein, we developed a novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the quantification of IFN-γ in tree shrew serum samples...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Theophilus Aghogho Jarikre, Benjamin Obukowho Emikpe
This study determined the of involvement of PPR, PI3, and RS viruses in the pathology of caprine pneumonia across Nigeria. 150 goats were selected randomly. PI3 and RSV monoclonal antibodies and PPR polyclonal antibody were used for the immunolocalization of the antigens. Histologically, 61 of the goats had broncho-interstitial pneumonia, 25 had interstitial pneumonia, 42 had bronchopneumonia, 12 had bronchiolitis, and 10 were normal. PPR, PI3, and RS viral antigens were demonstrated in: intact and desquamated bronchial, bronchiolar epithelial cells, macrophages, leukocytes, pneumocytes, and giant cells...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Asmaa Gaber Abdou, Mohammed Abdelwahed Gaber, Nada Farag Elnaidany, Ayat Elnagar
There are many theories explaining vitiligo such as genetic, autoimmune, neural, free radicals, biochemical, intrinsic defect, melanocytorrhagy, and convergent theories. Phenytoin is a widely used anticonvulsant, which is used in cutaneous medicine for treatment of ulcers and epidermolysis bullosa. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of topical phenytoin gel in the treatment of vitiligo patients and explaining the underlying mechanism using immunohistochemistry for evaluation of HMB45, CD4, and CD8...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Ainara Echeverría de Carlos, Ricardo Gómez de la Torre, Enrique García Carus, Luis Caminal Montero, Jose Bernardino Díaz López, Hector Suárez Casado, Luis Molinos Matin, Lourdes Tricas Aizpún, Stephen Harding, Antony R Parker
The response to pneumococcal vaccination is assessed by measurement of antigen specific IgG only and is compromised in a number of antibody deficiencies. We measured the concentrations of Pneumococcal IgA and IgM in individuals with both normal and abnormal pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide (PCP) IgG concentrations. A higher number of individuals had abnormal pre-vaccination IgA and IgM concentrations below the lower limit of the normal range compared to the control group. Post vaccination a lower number of individuals had IgA and IgM concentrations below the upper limit of the normal range compared to the control group...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Antony Parker, Juan Irure Ventura, Dawn Sims, Ainara Echeverría de Carlos, Ricardo Gómez de la Torre, Lourdes Tricas Aizpún, J Gonzalo Ocejo-Vinyals, Marcos López-Hoyos, Gregg Wallis, Stephen Harding
IgG2 is the most efficient subclass for providing protection against pneumococcal pathogens. We hypothesised that some individuals may be unable to mount an effective pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide (PCP) IgG2 response despite having a normal PCP IgG concentration (PCP IgG2 deficient). The median pre-vaccination PCP IgG2 concentration was significantly lower in individuals referred for immunological investigation compared to healthy controls (2.8 mg/L range, 95% CI 1.1-88 vs. 29.5mg/L, 95% CI 13.5-90, p = 0...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
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