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Nature Reviews. Neuroscience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680161/a-new-look-at-domain-specificity-insights-from-social-neuroscience
#1
REVIEW
Robert P Spunt, Ralph Adolphs
The concept of domain specificity - which suggests that some aspects of neural processing are specialized for particular types of stimuli - has been invoked to explain a range of cognitive phenomena, including language, face perception and theory of mind, and has been a hallmark of theories of cognitive architecture. More recent usage of this concept draws on neuroscientific data and, in particular, on work in social neuroscience. A critical examination of the part that the concept of domain specificity has played in theories of human brain function leads us to suggest a new view according to which domain specificity pertains to centrally generated constraints on information processing that can be both dynamic and context sensitive...
July 6, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655882/prefrontal-hippocampal-interactions-in-episodic-memory
#2
REVIEW
Howard Eichenbaum
The roles of the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex (PFC) in memory processing - individually or in concert - are a major topic of interest in memory research. These brain areas have distinct and complementary roles in episodic memory, and their interactions are crucial for learning and remembering events. Considerable evidence indicates that the PFC and hippocampus become coupled via oscillatory synchrony that reflects bidirectional flow of information. Furthermore, newer studies have revealed specific mechanisms whereby neural representations in the PFC and hippocampus are mediated through direct connections or through intermediary regions...
June 29, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490777/working-memory-keeping-short-term-memories-alive
#3
Natasha Bray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720825/non-motor-features-of-parkinson-disease
#4
Anthony H V Schapira, K Ray Chaudhuri, Peter Jenner
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2017.62.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720824/pain-a-painful-loss-of-inhibition
#5
Natasha Bray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720820/gut-brain-communication-making-contact
#6
Katherine Whalley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680164/psychiatric-disorders-a-sensitive-window
#7
Natasha Bray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680163/cancer-appetite-suppressors
#8
Darran Yates
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680162/neuroimmunology-mistaken-identity
#9
Sian Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655883/taste-buds-cells-signals-and-synapses
#10
REVIEW
Stephen D Roper, Nirupa Chaudhari
The past decade has witnessed a consolidation and refinement of the extraordinary progress made in taste research. This Review describes recent advances in our understanding of taste receptors, taste buds, and the connections between taste buds and sensory afferent fibres. The article discusses new findings regarding the cellular mechanisms for detecting tastes, new data on the transmitters involved in taste processing and new studies that address longstanding arguments about taste coding.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655881/microglia-a-protective-population
#11
Katherine Whalley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655877/mammalian-empathy-behavioural-manifestations-and-neural-basis
#12
REVIEW
Frans B M de Waal, Stephanie D Preston
Recent research on empathy in humans and other mammals seeks to dissociate emotional and cognitive empathy. These forms, however, remain interconnected in evolution, across species and at the level of neural mechanisms. New data have facilitated the development of empathy models such as the perception-action model (PAM) and mirror-neuron theories. According to the PAM, the emotional states of others are understood through personal, embodied representations that allow empathy and accuracy to increase based on the observer's past experiences...
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655876/sensory-systems-tasting-the-water
#13
Sian Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638121/neural-coding-face-values
#14
Natasha Bray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638120/neural-circuits-underlying-thirst-and-fluid-homeostasis
#15
REVIEW
Christopher A Zimmerman, David E Leib, Zachary A Knight
Thirst motivates animals to find and consume water. More than 40 years ago, a set of interconnected brain structures known as the lamina terminalis was shown to govern thirst. However, owing to the anatomical complexity of these brain regions, the structure and dynamics of their underlying neural circuitry have remained obscure. Recently, the emergence of new tools for neural recording and manipulation has reinvigorated the study of this circuit and prompted re-examination of longstanding questions about the neural origins of thirst...
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638119/neuroimmunology-and-neuroepigenetics-in-the-establishment-of-sex-differences-in-the-brain
#16
REVIEW
Margaret M McCarthy, Bridget M Nugent, Kathryn M Lenz
The study of sex differences in the brain is a topic of neuroscientific study that has broad reaching implications for culture, society and biomedical science. Recent research in rodent models has led to dramatic shifts in our views of the mechanisms underlying the sexual differentiation of the brain. These include the surprising discoveries of a role for immune cells and inflammatory mediators in brain masculinization and a role for epigenetic suppression in brain feminization. How and to what degree these findings will translate to human brain development will be questions of central importance in future research in this field...
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720826/neural-circuits-the-influence-of-hunger
#17
Darran Yates
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720823/learning-and-memory-catching-fear-memories
#18
Sian Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720822/neural-development-regional-influence
#19
Sian Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720821/neural-circuits-hanging-in-the-balance
#20
Sian Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
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