journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nature Reviews. Neuroscience

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142247/visual-processing-silent-motion-detectors
#1
Natasha Bray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118450/neural-circuits-shock-signals
#2
Natasha Bray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118449/axo-myelinic-neurotransmission-a-novel-mode-of-cell-signalling-in-the-central-nervous-system
#3
REVIEW
I Micu, J R Plemel, A V Caprariello, K-A Nave, P K Stys
It is widely recognized that myelination of axons greatly enhances the speed of signal transmission. An exciting new finding is the dynamic communication between axons and their myelin-forming oligodendrocytes, including activity-dependent signalling from axon to myelin. The oligodendrocyte-myelin complex may in turn respond by providing metabolic support or alter subtle myelin properties to modulate action potential propagation. In this Opinion, we discuss what is known regarding the molecular physiology of this novel, synapse-like communication and speculate on potential roles in disease states including multiple sclerosis, schizophrenia and Alzheimer disease...
November 9, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118448/epigenetics-leaving-a-lasting-mark
#4
Katherine Whalley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097789/only-the-pam-explains-the-personalized-nature-of-empathy
#5
Stephanie D Preston, Frans B M de Waal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097788/some-considerations-on-de-waal-and-preston-review
#6
Giacomo Rizzolatti, Fausto Caruana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097787/neural-coding-flexible-in-the-face-of-distraction
#7
Natasha Bray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097786/learning-and-memory-holding-the-space
#8
Sian Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097785/the-nano-architecture-of-the-axonal-cytoskeleton
#9
REVIEW
Christophe Leterrier, Pankaj Dubey, Subhojit Roy
The corporeal beauty of the neuronal cytoskeleton has captured the imagination of generations of scientists. One of the easiest cellular structures to visualize by light microscopy, its existence has been known for well over 100 years, yet we have only recently begun to fully appreciate its intricacy and diversity. Recent studies combining new probes with super-resolution microscopy and live imaging have revealed surprising details about the axonal cytoskeleton and, in particular, have discovered previously unknown actin-based structures...
November 3, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097784/incorporating-sex-as-a-biological-variable-in-neuroscience-what-do-we-gain
#10
Margaret M McCarthy, Catherine S Woolley, Arthur P Arnold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070826/genetic-insights-into-the-neurodevelopmental-origins-of-schizophrenia
#11
REVIEW
Rebecca Birnbaum, Daniel R Weinberger
Schizophrenia is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder with a longstanding history of neurobiological investigation. Although the underlying causal mechanisms remain unknown, early neurodevelopmental events have been implicated in pathogenesis, initially by epidemiological and circumstantial data but more recently by brain-specific molecular and genetic findings. Notably, genomic research has recently uncovered discrete risk variants and risk loci associated with schizophrenia, with the potential to elucidate disease mechanisms...
October 26, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142296/the-dopamine-motive-system-implications-for-drug-and-food-addiction
#12
REVIEW
Nora D Volkow, Roy A Wise, Ruben Baler
Behaviours such as eating, copulating, defending oneself or taking addictive drugs begin with a motivation to initiate the behaviour. Both this motivational drive and the behaviours that follow are influenced by past and present experience with the reinforcing stimuli (such as drugs or energy-rich foods) that increase the likelihood and/or strength of the behavioural response (such as drug taking or overeating). At a cellular and circuit level, motivational drive is dependent on the concentration of extrasynaptic dopamine present in specific brain areas such as the striatum...
November 16, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142295/regenerating-cns-myelin-from-mechanisms-to-experimental-medicines
#13
REVIEW
Robin J M Franklin, Charles Ffrench-Constant
Although the core concept of remyelination - based on the activation, migration, proliferation and differentiation of CNS progenitors - has not changed over the past 20 years, our understanding of the detailed mechanisms that underlie this process has developed considerably. We can now decorate the central events of remyelination with a host of pathways, molecules, mediators and cells, revealing a complex and precisely orchestrated process. These advances have led to recent drug-based and cell-based clinical trials for myelin diseases and have opened up hitherto unrecognized opportunities for drug-based approaches to therapeutically enhance remyelination...
November 16, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978979/synaptic-plasticity-strength-through-movement
#14
Sian Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978978/neuroimmunology-scratching-the-surface-of-chronic-itch
#15
Katherine Whalley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951611/sensory-perception-in-autism
#16
REVIEW
Caroline E Robertson, Simon Baron-Cohen
Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental condition, and little is known about its neurobiology. Much of autism research has focused on the social, communication and cognitive difficulties associated with the condition. However, the recent revision of the diagnostic criteria for autism has brought another key domain of autistic experience into focus: sensory processing. Here, we review the properties of sensory processing in autism and discuss recent computational and neurobiological insights arising from attention to these behaviours...
November 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951610/managing-competing-goals-a-key-role-for-the-frontopolar-cortex
#17
REVIEW
Farshad Alizadeh Mansouri, Etienne Koechlin, Marcello G P Rosa, Mark J Buckley
Humans are set apart from other animals by many elements of advanced cognition and behaviour, including language, judgement and reasoning. What is special about the human brain that gives rise to these abilities? Could the foremost part of the prefrontal cortex (the frontopolar cortex), which has become considerably enlarged in humans during evolution compared with other animals, be important in this regard, especially as, in primates, it contains a unique cytoarchitectural field, area 10? The first studies of the function of the frontopolar cortex in monkeys have now provided critical new insights about its precise role in monitoring the significance of current and alternative goals...
November 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951609/rehabilitating-the-addicted-brain-with-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#18
REVIEW
Marco Diana, Tommi Raij, Miriam Melis, Aapo Nummenmaa, Lorenzo Leggio, Antonello Bonci
Substance use disorders (SUDs) are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In spite of considerable advances in understanding the neural underpinnings of SUDs, therapeutic options remain limited. Recent studies have highlighted the potential of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) as an innovative, safe and cost-effective treatment for some SUDs. Repetitive TMS (rTMS) influences neural activity in the short and long term by mechanisms involving neuroplasticity both locally, under the stimulating coil, and at the network level, throughout the brain...
November 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931944/errant-gardeners-glial-cell-dependent-synaptic-pruning-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Urte Neniskyte, Cornelius T Gross
The final stage of brain development is associated with the generation and maturation of neuronal synapses. However, the same period is also associated with a peak in synapse elimination - a process known as synaptic pruning - that has been proposed to be crucial for the maturation of remaining synaptic connections. Recent studies have pointed to a key role for glial cells in synaptic pruning in various parts of the nervous system and have identified a set of critical signalling pathways between glia and neurons...
November 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042690/motor-cortex-to-act-or-not-to-act
#20
REVIEW
Christian Laut Ebbesen, Michael Brecht
The motor cortex is a large frontal structure in the cerebral cortex of eutherian mammals. A vast array of evidence implicates the motor cortex in the volitional control of motor output, but how does the motor cortex exert this 'control'? Historically, ideas regarding motor cortex function have been shaped by the discovery of cortical 'motor maps' - that is, ordered representations of stimulation-evoked movements in anaesthetized animals. Volitional control, however, entails the initiation of movements and the ability to suppress undesired movements...
October 18, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
journal
journal
35150
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"