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Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132554/early-development-of-saphenous-vein-graft-infected-pseudoaneurysm-caused-by-perioperative-enterobacter-cloacae-bacteremia
#1
LETTER
Ting-Wei Lin, Chih-Hao Chang, Pao-Yen Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132553/dysregulation-of-glucose-metabolism-since-young-adulthood-increases-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#2
Pao-Huan Chen, Yen-Kuang Lin, Chi-Kang Chang, Shuo-Ju Chiang, Shang-Ying Tsai
Aging patients with bipolar disorder (BD) are at a high risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, few studies have directly examined the association between metabolic risks and CVDs in patients with BD across the lifespan. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine lifetime metabolic risk factors for CVDs in patients with BD. We recruited BD-I patients who were more than 50 years old and had had at least one psychiatric hospitalization. Patients who had a cardiologist-confirmed CVD diagnosis (ICD-9 code 401-414) were assigned to the case group...
December 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132552/intravenous-drug-abuse-is-a-risk-factor-in-the-failure-of-two-stage-treatment-for-infected-total-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Yu-Jie Su, Sung-Yen Lin, Hsuan-Ti Huang, Je-Ken Chang, Chung-Hwan Chen
Reinfection after two-stage revision hip arthroplasty (RHA) is still a complex issue. Only few studies revealed the factors affecting the success rate in the treatment of periprosthetic hip infection (PHI), especially risk factors. A retrospective study was conducted using records of 30 patients underwent two-stage RHA for infected total hip arthroplasty (THA). Treatment was defined as successful if a patient did not need any reoperation or invasive procedure such as image-guided drainage during the two years after reimplantation...
December 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132551/vonoprazan-treatment-improves-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#4
Satoshi Shinozaki, Hiroyuki Osawa, Yoshikazu Hayashi, Hirotsugu Sakamoto, Yoshimasa Miura, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Hironori Yamamoto
The effects of vonoprazan, a new potassium-competitive acid blocker, on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptom are not fully elucidated. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of vonoprazan on GERD and associated gastrointestinal symptoms. We retrospectively reviewed 88 Helicobacter pylori negative patients with GERD treated with vonoprazan 10 mg daily. Symptoms were evaluated using the Izumo scale, which reflects quality of life related to various abdominal symptoms. The rates of improvement and resolution of GERD symptoms were 86% (76/88) and 57% (50/88), respectively...
December 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132550/cytoreductive-cryosurgery-in-patients-with-bone-metastatic-prostate-cancer-a-retrospective-analysis
#5
Ming-Xiong Sheng, Ling-Ling Wan, Chang-Ming Liu, Chun-Xiao Liu, Shu-Shang Chen
The current study is a retrospective analysis of 49 patients with bone metastatic prostate cancer: 26 receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) alone versus 23 receiving cytoreductive cryosurgery of the primary tumor plus ADT treatment. Progression-free survival (PFS) was the primary outcome variable, and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to identify predictors for PFS. The baseline characteristics were generally comparable between the 2 groups. Median follow-up time was 41 months (range 24-56) and 37 months (range 19-53) in ADT alone group and cryosurgery groups, respectively...
December 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132549/association-of-copy-number-variations-in-complement-factor-h-related-genes-among-age-related-macular-degenerative-subjects
#6
Norshakimah Md Bakri, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Hoo Fan Kee, Visvaraja Subrayan, Hazlita Isa, Nor Fariza Ngah, Nur Afiqah Mohamad, Ching Siew Mooi, Chan Yoke Mun, Patimah Ismail, Fazliana Ismail, Erma Suryana Sukiman, Wan Alia Wan Sulaiman
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most widely recognised cause of irreversible vision loss and previous studies have suggested that the advancement of wet AMD is influenced by both modifiable and non-modifiable elements. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) and copy number of variations (CNVs) have been associated with AMD in various populations, however the results are conflicting. Our aim is to determine the CNVs of Complement Factor H-Related genes among Malaysian subjects with wet AMD. 130 patients with wet AMD and 120 healthy controls were included in this research...
December 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132548/excretory-secretory-proteases-and-mechanical-movement-of-anisakis-pegreffii-infective-larvae-in-the-penetration-of-balb-c-mice-gastrointestine
#7
June-Der Lee, Li-Yu Chung, Rong-Jyh Lin, Jiun-Jye Wang, Hong-Pin Tu, Chuan-Min Yen
Anisakiasis is a human parasitic disease caused by infection with the infective larvae of Anisakis. Accidental infection in humans causes the gastrointestinal pathophysiological effects of mechanical tissue damage by migrating larvae. The mechanism of the infective larval invasion and migration is suspected to involve larval excretory/secretory proteases and motility. This study demonstrates the penetration rate of the infective larvae of Anisakis pegreffii in mouse gastrointestine depends on the time after infection, and that only 15% of larvae remain in the gastrointestinal tract 3 h after infection...
December 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132547/distribution-of-genes-encoding-resistance-to-aminoglycoside-modifying-enzymes-in-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-strains
#8
Azar Dokht Khosravi, Atefeh Jenabi, Effat Abbasi Montazeri
Today Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have acquired multiple resistance to a wide range of antibiotics including aminoglycosides. So, this study was aimed to investigate the rate of aminoglycoside resistance and the frequency of aminoglycoside resistance mediated genes of aac(Ia)-2, aph(3)-IIIa and ant(4')-Ia among MRSA strains. A total of 467 staphylococci isolates were collected from various clinical samples. S. aureus strains were identified by standard culture and identification criteria and investigating of presence of 16S rRNA and nuc genes...
December 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050678/reply-to-cost-effectiveness-of-hepatitis-c%C3%A2-treatments-need-for-a-comprehensive-evaluation
#9
LETTER
Pei-Chien Tsai, Ta-Wei Liu, Ming-Lung Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050677/cost-effectiveness-of-hepatitis-c-treatments-need-for-a-comprehensive-evaluation
#10
LETTER
Zachary DeNardo, Minha Choi, Michelle Stiller, Dillon Buechel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050676/effects-of-gripping-volume-in-the-mechanical-strengths-of-orthodontic-mini-implant
#11
Yu-Chuan Tseng, Ju-Hui Wu, Hong-Sen Chen, Chun-Ming Chen, Chun-Chan Ting
The objective of study was to investigate the correlation between the mechanical strengths [insertion torque (IT); resonance frequency (RF); and horizontal pullout strength (HPS)] and gripping volume (GV) of mini-implants. Thirty mini-implants of three types (Type A: 2 mm × 10 mm, cylindrical, titanium alloy; Type B: 2 mm × 10 mm, tapered, stainless steel; and Type C: 2 mm × 11 mm, cylindrical, titanium alloy) were inserted 7 mm into artificial bones. One-way analysis of variance and Spearman's test were applied to assess intergroup comparisons and intragroup correlations...
November 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050675/comparison-of-serum-acetyl-hydrolase-paf-ah-and-paraoxonase-1-pon1-values-between-prostate-cancer-patients-and-a-control-group
#12
Erdal Benli, Ahmet Bayrak, Abdullah Cirakoglu, Tulin Bayrak, Tevfik Noyan
The aim of the study was to measure platelet-activating factor acetyl hydrolase (PAF-AH) and paraoxonase (PON1) enzyme activity levels in patients with high Psa values to compare with healthy peers and also to determine the efficacy of these parameters in predicting pathologic results of patients with high Psa values. This study included 66 patients with Psa value > 4 ng/dl (Group 1) and 44 patients with Psa <4 ng/dl (Group 2) for a total of 110 patients. Parameters measured in serum of PON1, PAF-AH, and MDA were compared between the groups...
November 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050674/the-outcomes-of-glucose-abnormalities-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-receiving-interferon-free-direct-antiviral-agents
#13
Jee-Fu Huang, Chung-Feng Huang, Ming-Lun Yeh, Chia-Yen Dai, Meng-Hsuan Hsieh, Jeng-Fu Yang, Ching-I Huang, Yi-Hung Lin, Po-Cheng Liang, Zu-Yau Lin, Shinn-Chern Chen, Ming-Lung Yu, Wan-Long Chuang
Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) have been widely used for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) treatment recently. The characteristics of glucose abnormalities after DAAs therapy however, remain elusive. We aimed to elucidate the mutual impact between treatment response and parameters of glucose abnormalities after DAAs therapy in CHC patients. CHC patients who received DAAs therapy were recruited. The primary outcome measurements were their insulin resistance (IR) and beta-cell function assessed by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) method before treatment and at end-of-follow-up (EOF)...
November 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050673/the-relationship-between-the-cyp19-alleles-rs727479a-c-rs700518a-g-and-rs700519c-t-and%C3%A2-pregnancy-outcome-after-assisted-reproductive-technology-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-a-chinese-population-a-population-based-study
#14
Qian Dou, Li Tan, Li-Ying Ma, Ying-Pu Sun
This study investigated the relationship between the CYP19 alleles, rs727479A/C, rs700518A/G, and rs700519C/T, and pregnancy outcome after assisted reproductive technology (ART) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Between January 2012 and September 2015, 293 PCOS patients undergoing ART were randomly selected for the study. According to pregnancy outcome after ART, the patients were assigned to pregnancy and non-pregnancy groups. CYP19 rs727479A/C, rs700518A/G and rs700519C/T genotypes were determined using the denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) method...
November 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050672/genetic-diversity-of-multidrug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strains-isolated-from-tuberculosis-patients-in-iran-using-miru-vntr-technique
#15
Azar Dokht Khosravi, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Soolmaz Khandan Dezfuli, Mohammad Hashemzadeh, Hamed Goodarzi, Parviz Mohajeri
Tuberculosis (TB) is considered as one of the most important infectious diseases in the world, and recent rise and spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) strains, have made the matter worsened. Due to the importance of TB prevalence in Iran, this study was designed to investigate the genetic diversity among MDR strains of MTB by MIRU-VNTR typing scheme. A total of 88 drug resistant M. tuberculosis isolates belong to pulmonary TB cases were collected from several TB reference centers of Iran...
November 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050671/gambogic-acid-improves-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-progression-by-inhibition-of-mtor-signaling-pathway
#16
Teng Zhao, Hong-Jian Wang, Wen-Wen Zhao, Yi-Ling Sun, Li-Kuan Hu
Gambogic acid (GA) has been shown to inhibit cancer cell proliferation, induce apoptosis, and enhance reactive oxygen species accumulation. However, whether GA could improve multidrug resistance through modulating autophagy has never been explored. We demonstrated that the combination of GA and cisplatin (CDDP) resulted in a stronger growth inhibition effect on A549 and NCI-H460 cells using the MTT assay. Furthermore, treatment with GA significantly increased autophagy in these cells. More importantly, GA-induced cell death could be largely abolished by 3-methyladenine (3-MA) or chloroquine (CQ) treatment, suggesting that GA-induced cell death was dependent on autophagy...
November 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050670/ginseng-polysaccharide-serves-as-a-potential-radiosensitizer-through-inducing-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-the-treatment-of-osteosarcoma
#17
Xiao-Yu Zhang, Ke Sun, Qi Zhu, Tao Song, Yang Liu
Recent studies have confirmed that the combined use of anti-cancer drugs with ionizing radiation (IR) could improve the sensitivity of osteosarcoma (OS) cells. Therefore, it is necessary to identify potential effective drugs for the enhancement of IR-radiosensitivity. In the current study, we found that 20, 10, 5, and 1 μM of ginseng polysaccharide (GPS) significantly suppressed MG-63 cell viability with or without γ-ray radiation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Strikingly, 20 μM of GPS combined with 5 Gy treatment suppressed colony formation capacity by nearly 13...
November 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962826/manifestation-of-hyperaldosteronism-related-hypokalemia-in-a-case-of-anorexia-nervosa
#18
LETTER
Chia-Wei Lai, He-Jiun Jiang, Pi-Jung Hsiao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962825/community-acquired-legionella-pneumophilia-pneumonia-presenting-with-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#19
LETTER
Yi-Chun Chen, Chen-Hsiang Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962824/periodontal-surgery-improves-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chronic-periodontitis-patients-in-asian-population
#20
Yu-Hsiang Chou, Yi-Hsin Yang, Hsiao-Ching Kuo, Kun-Yen Ho, Wen-Chen Wang, Kai-Fang Hu
The effect of periodontal surgery on patients' quality of life was investigated. Sixty patients received regenerative surgery or resective osseous surgery. Oral health-related quality of life and health-related quality of life instruments were used to assess the participants' quality of life before surgery and 4 weeks after surgery. Periodontal surgery can improve patients' quality of life by alleviating the physical pain and psychological discomfort. The scores were lower (more favorable) in the regenerative surgery group, and the functional limitations of the regenerative surgery group improved substantially compared with those of the resective osseous surgery group (P = 0...
October 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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