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Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254121/corrigendum-to-evaluation-of-mechanical-strengths-of-three-types-of-mini-implants-in-artificial-bones-kaohsiung-j-med-sci%C3%A2-33-2-2017-96-101
#1
Yu-Chuan Tseng, Ju-Hui Wu, Chun-Chan Ting, Hong-Sen Chen, Chun-Ming Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254120/hepatocellular-carcinoma-metastatic-to-kidney-mimicking-renal-cell-carcinoma
#2
LETTER
Tyng-Yuan Jang, Ming-Lun Yeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254119/are-optic-discs-with-large-physiological-cups-really-healthy
#3
LETTER
Sinan Emre, Mahmut Oğuz Ulusoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254118/quality-of-life-and-functional-capacity-are-adversely-affected-in-osteoarthritis-patients-with-neuropathic-pain
#4
Ayhan Aşkın, Ayten Özkan, Aliye Tosun, Ümit Seçil Demirdal, Fethi İsnaç
The aim of this study was to examine the neuropathic pain component of knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients and to investigate the relationship between neuropathic pain, disease stage, functional state, depression, anxiety, and quality of life. This study included 60 patients with knee OA. All demographic data and radiological results were recorded. Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Timed Up and Go Test, Chair Stand Test, Western Ontario and McMasters Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), PainDETECT questionnaire, DN4 questionnaire, Short form-36 questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale were performed for each patient...
March 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254117/correlation-of-benign-prostatic-obstruction-related-complications-with-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-after-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate
#5
Run-Qi Guo, Wei Yu, Yi-Sen Meng, Kai Zhang, Ben Xu, Yun-Xiang Xiao, Shi-Liang Wu, Bai-Nian Pan
We aim to investigate the correlation of benign prostatic obstruction (BPO)-related complications with clinical outcomes in patients after transurethral resection of the prostate in China. We reviewed the medical history of all patients who underwent surgery from 1992 to 2013. We assessed the preoperative clinical profile, clinical management, and operative complications. Overall, 2271 patients were enrolled in the study. Of these patients, 1193 (52.5%) had no BPO-related complications and 1078 (46.3%) had BPO-related complications...
March 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254116/motorized-injector-assisted-intrascleral-intraocular-lens-fixation
#6
Jia-Horung Hung, Shih-Hao Wang, Yu-Ti Teng, Sheng-Min Hsu
For eyes with deficient capsular support, intraocular lens (IOL) implantation has long been a technical challenge. Recently, intrascleral fixation of the haptics of a three-piece posterior chamber IOL has become a popular option. In this procedure, externalization of the leading haptic during IOL injection is a stressful step. We present a modified technique to improve the ease and safety of this step. Our modified technique involves IOL injection with a motorized injector with several important modifications described here...
March 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254115/drug-interaction-between-valproic-acid-and-carbapenems-in-patients-with-epileptic-seizures
#7
Chi-Ren Huang, Chih-Hsiang Lin, Shu-Chen Hsiao, Nai-Ching Chen, Wan-Chen Tsai, Shang-Der Chen, Yan-Ting Lu, Yao-Chung Chuang
Valproic acid (VPA) is a widely used antiepileptic drug (AED). When carbapenems are concomitantly used with VPA, the serum levels of VPA may decrease and aggravate seizures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors associated with decreased serum VPA levels and clinical outcome in patients being treated with a combination of carbapenems and VPA. Fifty-four adult patients who were treated with VPA for epileptic seizures concomitant with carbapenems for the treatment of infections were evaluated in this study...
March 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254114/genetic-polymorphism-in-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-and-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-and-susceptibility-to-combined-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-emphysema-in%C3%A2-a-chinese-population
#8
Ling Xu, Wei Bian, Xiao-Hua Gu, Ce Shen
In this study, we aimed to explore the association of genetic polymorphism in matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and the susceptibility to combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE). We examined the polymorphisms of the MMP-9 C-1562T and TGF-β1 T869C in 38 CPFE patients, 50 pulmonary emphysema patients, and 34 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients. The frequencies of polymorphic genotypes in MMP-9 were 78.95% CC and 21.05% CT in CPFE group, 76.0% CC and 24...
March 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254113/development-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-evaluation-of-self-microemulsion-as-delivery-system-for-%C3%AE-mangostin
#9
Wen-Ke Xu, Hui Jiang, Kui Yang, Ya-Qin Wang, Qian Zhang, Jian Zuo
α-Mangostin (MG) is a versatile bioactive compound isolated from mangosteen and possesses significant pharmacokinetic shortages. To augment the potential clinical efficacy, MG-loaded self-microemulsion (MG-SME) was designed and prepared in this study, and its potential as a drug loading system was evaluated based on the pharmacokinetic performance and tissue distribution feature. The formula of MG-SME was optimized by an orthogonal test under the guidance of ternary phase diagram, and the prepared MG-SME was characterized by encapsulation efficiency, size distribution, and morphology...
March 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254112/efficacy-and-safety-of-barbed-suture-in-minimally-invasive-radical-prostatectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Yi-Fei Lin, Si-Ke Lai, Qin-Yu Liu, Bang-Hua Liao, Jin Huang, Liang Du, Kun-Jie Wang, Hong Li
As one of the earliest surgeries applying knotless barbed suture, the minimally invasive radical prostatectomy (MIRP) was reported to have various effects on the patients and the surgeons. This study reviewed the available evidence about the efficacy and safety of barbed sutures in MIRP. We searched ClinicalTrials.gov, Cochrane Register of Clinical Studies, PubMed, and Embase to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies addressing the application of barbed sutures and conventional sutures in MIRP (until August 2016)...
March 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137418/evaluation-of-mechanical-strengths-of-three-types-of-mini-implants-in-artificial-bones
#11
Yu-Chuan Tseng, Ju-Hui Wu, Chun-Chan Ting, Hong-Sen Chen, Chun-Ming Chen
We investigates the effect of the anchor area on the mechanical strengths of infrazygomatic mini-implants. Thirty mini-implants were divided into three types based on the material and shape: Type A (titanium alloy, 2.0×12 mm), Type B (stainless steel, 2.0×12 mm), and Type C (titanium alloy, 2.0×11 mm).The mini-implants were inserted at 90° and 45° into the artificial bone to a depth of 7 mm, without predrilling. The mechanical strengths [insertion torque (IT), resonance frequency (RF), and removal torque (RT)] and the anchor area were measured...
February 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137417/effect-of-age-on-biochemical-recurrence-after-radical-prostatectomy
#12
Cuneyt Ozden, Binhan Kagan Aktas, Suleyman Bulut, Guven Erbay, Suleyman Tagci, Cevdet S Gokkaya, Mehmet M Baykam, Ali Memis
The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between patient's age and biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). Data from RRP applied to 305 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer were included in the study. Patients were divided into the three age groups, < 60 years, 60-70 years, and > 70 years. The groups were compared regarding adverse pathological findings on RRP specimen, BCR, and biochemical recurrence-free survival (bRFS) rates. The rates of positive surgical margin, seminal vesicle invasion, lymph node involvement, RRP specimens' Gleason score, and BCR were not significantly different among the three age groups...
February 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137416/effect-of-obturator-nerve-block-during-transurethral-resection-of-lateral-bladder-wall-tumors-on-the-presence-of-detrusor-muscle-in-tumor-specimens-and-recurrence-of-the-disease
#13
Guven Erbay, Fethi Akyol, Mehmet Karabakan, Bulent Celebi, Ercument Keskin, Erkan Hirik
We investigated the effect of spinal anesthesia combined with obturator nerve block (ONB) during the transurethral resection of lateral bladder wall tumors (TUR-BT) on the presence of detrusor muscle tissue in tumor specimens and on tumor recurrence. TUR-BT was performed on 96 patients with a lateral bladder wall tumor under spinal anesthesia in our clinic between January 2011 and December 2015. The patients were divided into two groups: 49 patients only received spinal anesthesia and 47 patients received spinal anesthesia combined with ONB...
February 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137415/analysis-of-mmp-7-and-timp-2-gene-polymorphisms-in-coronary-artery-disease-and-myocardial-infarction-a-turkish-case-control-study
#14
Ebru Alp, Akin Yilmaz, Murat Tulmac, Asiye Ugras Dikmen, Atiye Cengel, Ridvan Yalcin, Emine Sevda Menevse
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP) have a significant role in tissue remodeling related to cardiac function. In earlier studies, MMP-7 A-181G (rs11568818), C-153T (rs11568819), C-115T (rs17886546), and TIMP-2 G-418C (rs8179090) polymorphisms have been studied in various diseases. However, association between coronary artery disease (CAD) and these polymorphisms has been poorly studied. The goal of this study is to investigate the association of CAD and myocardial infarction (MI) with MMP-7 or TIMP-2 polymorphisms...
February 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137414/effect-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-reconstruction-with-nerve-autografts
#15
Hakan Teymur, Yigit Ozer Tiftikcioglu, Turker Cavusoglu, Bedile Irem Tiftikcioglu, Oytun Erbas, Gurkan Yigitturk, Yigit Uyanikgil
Despite advances in understanding of peripheral nerve injuries and regeneration and advances in surgical techniques, successful outcomes cannot be guaranteed after reconstructive surgery. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been reported to have positive effects on nerve regeneration, as well as on tissue healing. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of PRP on nerve-grafted defects. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four surgery groups (n=7 in each). A 1-cm long nerve defect was created in the upper thigh and then reconstructed using a nerve autograft in all groups...
February 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137413/achyranthes-bidentate-saponins-protect-rat-articular-chondrocytes-against-interleukin-1%C3%AE-induced-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in%C3%A2-vitro
#16
Xian-Xiang Xu, Xiao-Hong Zhang, Yong Diao, Yu-Xiang Huang
Achyranthes bidentate Blume (Niuxi) is often employed for treatment of arthritis in Traditional Chinese Medicine and possesses anti-inflammatory properties. Phytochemical and pharmacological studies proved the oleanane-type saponins to be the main bioactive principles. In the present study, protective effects of A. bidentata saponins (ABS) on inflammation and apoptosis in interleukine-1β (IL-1β)-induced chondrocytes were investigated. Rat chondrocytes were pretreated with ABS at 3 μg/mL, 10 μg/mL, and 30 μg/mL, and subsequently stimulated with IL-1β (10 ng/mL)...
February 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137412/application-of-noninvasive-brain-stimulation-for-post-stroke-dysphagia-rehabilitation
#17
REVIEW
Zhuo Wang, Wei-Qun Song, Liang Wang
Noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), commonly consisting of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS), as well as paired associative stimulation (PAS), has attracted increased interest and been applied experimentally in the treatment of post-stroke dysphagia (PSD). This review presented a synopsis of the current research for the application of NIBS on PSD. The intention here was to understand the current research progress and limitations in this field and to stimulate potential research questions not yet investigated for the application of NIBS on patients with PSD...
February 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137411/achieving-a-shorter-pleura-to-lesion-distance-by-using-a-coil-to-mark-the-fissure-side-in-preoperative-lung-nodule-localization
#18
LETTER
Chia-Hung Wu, Po-Kuei Hsu, Yi-Chen Yeh, Chun-Ku Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137410/spontaneous-intramural-esophageal-dissection-mimicking-esophageal-rupture
#19
LETTER
Mei-Hsuan Lee, I-Chen Wu, Jui-Ying Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088275/late-onset-nonlesional-nondominant-frontal-lobe-seizures-presenting-as-ictal-dyscalculia
#20
LETTER
Meng-Tsang Hsieh, Ming-Chi Lai, Kao-Min Lin, Chin-Wei Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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