journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336258/association-of-thrombospondin-1-n700s-and-thrombospondin-4-a387p-gene-polymorphisms-with-the-incidence-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-egyptians
#1
Mohamed Z Gad, Noura Ayman Ahmed Abdelmonem, Nancy Osama Elsayed Turky
BACKGROUND: Thrombospondin (TSP) 1 and 4 are extracellular matrix glycoproteins that mediate cell proliferation, platelet aggregation and inflammatory response. Conflicting data addressed the possible contribution of TSP-1 and TSP-4 gene polymorphisms to acute myocardial infarction (AMI). OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to examine the association of TSP-1 (N700S) and TSP-4 (A387P) genetic variants with the incidence of AMI in Egyptians. It also correlated TSP-1 variants to TSP-1 and TNF-α serum concentrations while TSP-4 variants to IL-8 concentration identifying TSPs' contribution to vascular inflammation...
January 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336257/medium-optimization-for-recombinant-soluble-arginine-deiminase-expression-in-escherichia-coli-using-response-surface-methodology
#2
Mahboubeh Zarei, Navid Nezafat, Mohammad Hossein Morowvat, Ali Dehshahri, Mohammad Bagher Ghoshoon, Aydin Berenjian, Younes Ghasemi
OBJECTIVE: Optimization of the medium for recombinant arginine deiminase production in E. coli was performed using response surface methodology. This is the first study of optimization of recombinant arginine deiminase production in E. coli by the use of response surface methodology. METHODS: A Mycoplasm arginine deiminase gene was computationally optimized and inserted into pET-3a (+) expression vector. The synthetic pET3a-arginine deiminase construct was cloned and overexpressed in E...
January 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336256/mushrooms-as-potent-sources-of-new-biofungicides
#3
Jelena Vukojevic, Mirjana Stajic, Jasmina Cilerdzic
BACKGROUND: Microfungi are causal agents of numerous diseases and disorders of agricultural plants, farm mushrooms and animals as well as human, which results are serious global reduction of the food amount, decrease of life quality, the severe life-threatening diseases and enormous economic losses. METHODS: In spite of organism innate ability to combat against pathogens, in invasions of some pathogens, support of additional antimycotic agents to defence system is required...
January 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332575/protective-role-of-italian-juglans-regia-l-nut-ethanolic-extract-in-human-keratinocytes-under-oxidative-and-inflammatory-stress
#4
Cinzia Calcabrini, Umberto Mancini, Roberta De Bellis, Alessandra Frati, Anna Rita Mastrogiacomo, Giosue Annibalini, Piero Sestili, Luigi Cucchiarini, Vilberto Stocchi, Lucia Potenza
OBJECTIVE: In this research, fatty acid profile and polyphenolic content of an ethanolic extract of walnut from Juglans regia L. collected in Central Italy, were performed. The potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of the extract were investigated in the human keratinocytes cell line. METHODS: Fatty acid profile was determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis, total phenolic content by Folin-Ciocalteu method and aluminum chloride colorimetric method was used for determination of total flavonoids...
January 12, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332574/biomacromolecular-based-fibers-in-nanomedicine-a-combination-of-drug-delivery-and-tissue-engineering
#5
Elham Arkan, Abbas Hemati Azandaryani, Pouran Moradipour, Leila Behbood
BACKGROUND: Biopolymers based materials (polysaccharides, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids) are one of the basic resources in bio-engineering sciences because of desirable features. Moreover, nanobiotechnology innovates nanomaterial and associated technique in nano medicine (drug delivery and tissue engineering). METHODS: In the nano-medicine, fibers are introduced as a successful biomimetic extracellular matrix scaffolds and drug carrier systems. Electrospinning as a simple and cost-effective technique is used to design nanofibers...
January 12, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299984/biologic-therapy-in-psoriasis-part-ii-efficacy-and-safety-of-new-treatment-targeting-il23-il-17-pathways
#6
E Molinelli, A Campanati, Giulia Ganzetti, V Brisigotti, A Offidani
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory skin disorder that is estimated to affect 2-3% of the general population. The IL-23/IL-17 axis is currently considered to be crucial in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. METHODS: Biologics licensed for psoriasis include the TNFα inhibitors (infliximab, adalimumab, etanercept), the interleukin (IL)-12/23 monoclonal antibody (ustekinumab), and IL-17 inhibitor (secukinumab, ixekizumab). RESULTS: In this section, we analyse the role of IL-12, IL-23, and IL-17 in psoriasis and evaluated the efficacy and safety of biologic therapies targeting this cytokine...
January 3, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278213/biologics-in-inflammatory-immune-mediated-systemic-diseases
#7
Gianluca Moroncini, Giovanni Calogera, Devis Benfaremo, Armando Gabrielli
BACKGROUND: The use of biologic agents in systemic immune-mediated diseases has dramatically increased in recent years, replacing conventional immunosuppressive strategies that are characterized by unspecific mechanisms of action and burdened with serious adverse effects. Biologic drugs have selective action towards specific targets, with considerable steroid-sparing effect. They are used nowadays to induce remission or treat specific organ involvements in systemic autoimmune diseases...
December 26, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278212/immunomodulatory-effects-of-bifidobacterium-longum-w11-produced-exopolysaccharide-on-cytokine-production
#8
Rosanna Inturri, Katia Mangano, Maria Santagati, Mariano Intrieri, Roberto Di Marco, Giovanna Blandino
BACKGROUND: Health benefits, including immune modulating capability, exerted by Bifidobacterium strains have been attributed to their exopolysaccharides (EPSs). OBJECTIVE: The effects of the purified EPS from B. longum W11 on cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) alone or ConA-stimulated were investigated. METHOD: The production of IFN-γ, IL-1, IL-6 and IL-10 by PBMCs from healthy adult donors was analysed using purified EPS at two different concentrations (100 g/mL and 200 g/mL) and ConA as an immunopotentiating marker...
December 26, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278211/engineering-the-nutraceutical-and-cosmeceutical-potential-of-two-cultivars-of-rubus-fruticosus-l-by-different-cultivation-conditions
#9
Maria Papaioanou, Evangelia Chronopoulou, Gheorghii Ciobotari, Rodica Efrose, Liliana Sfichi-Duke, Marianna Chatzikonstantinou, Evangelia Pappa, Ioannis Ganopoulos, Panagiotis Madesis, Irini Nianiou-Obeidat, Taofen Zeng, Nikolaos E Labrou
BACKGROUND: The starting point for the development of new, functional products derived from Rubus fruticosus L. is to determine the optimal cultivation conditions that produce maximal yield of fruits containing desirable bioactive properties. Towards that goal, the effect of soil, soil/peat mixture and light intensity on the nutraceutical and cosmeceutical potential of two cultivars ('Thornfree' and 'Loch Ness') of Rubus fruticosus L. were evaluated. 'Thornfree' cultivar produced fruits in all light conditions, while 'Loch Ness' did not produce fruits in low light conditions...
December 26, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278210/biologics-in-inflammatory-and-immunomediated-arthritis
#10
Michele Maria Luchetti, Devis Benfaremo, Armando Gabrielli
BACKGROUND: Biologic drugs, introduced in clinical practice almost twenty years ago, represent nowadays a prominent treatment option in patients with chronic inflammatory arthritis, such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis and Spondyloarthritis, that include ankylosing spondylitis and non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis. METHODS: Several compounds targeting different pathways have been marketed and approved for the treatment of inflammatory arthritis, with a significant impact on the clinical outcomes and the natural history of the diseases...
December 26, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256348/the-importance-of-some-plant-extracts-as-skin-anti-aging-resources-a-review
#11
Zaliyatun Akhma Mat Yasin, Fatimah Ibrahim, Nurshamimi Nor Rashid, Muhammad Fazril Mohamad Razif, Rohana Yusof
BACKGROUND: Skin is the largest and most visible organ of the body. Many of its functions include temperature regulation, immunity from microorganisms, maintaining electrolyte balance, and protection from physical injuries, chemical agents and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Aging occurs in every layer of the skin, primarily due to the degradation of its components. Induction of degradative enzymes and the abundant production of reactive oxygen species lead to skin aging. Understanding the complexity of skin structure and factors contributing to the skin aging will help us impede the aging process...
December 18, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256347/aerosol-drug-delivery-through-high-flow-nasal-cannula
#12
Arzu Ari
High flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is widely utilized to support critically ill adults, pediatrics and neonates. Through the continuous delivery of oxygen at high flow rates that meet or exceed patients' inspiratory flow, HFNC improves oxygenation, respiratory rates, patient comfort, and tolerance during therapy. As HFNC becomes more widely employed, clinicians have started to consider aerosol drug delivery through HFNC. RESULT: Using HFNC along with nebulizers as a potential therapy in aerosol medicine is a new and innovative approach for aerosol drug delivery to patients with pulmonary diseases...
December 18, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231136/stability-of-drugs-of-abuse-in-urine-samples-at-room-temperature-by-use-of-a-salt-mixture
#13
Manuela Pellegrini, Silvia Graziano, Luisa Mastrobattista, Adele Minutillo, Francesco Paolo Busardo, Gianfranco Scarsella
BACKGROUND: It has been long recognized that ensuring analyte stability is of crucial importance in the use of any quantitative bioanalytical method. As analyses are usually not performed directly after collection of the biological samples, but after these have been processed and stored, it is essential that analyte stability be maintained over the relevant storage conditions in order to ensure that the obtained concentration results adequately reflect those directly after sampling. The conservation of urine samples in refrigerated/frozen conditions is strongly recommended; but not always feasible...
December 11, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231135/preparation-characterization-toxicity-and-pharmacodynamics-of-the-inclusion-complex-of-brucea-javanica-oil-with-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-polymers
#14
Rong-Rong Xu, Lin Chen, Bo Pan, Xing-Chen Wang, Huan-Huan Wu, Xian-Hong Song, Rong Hu
BACKGROUND: The novel water-soluble inclusion complex of Brucea javanica oil (BJO) by β-cyclodextrin polymers (CDP) was prepared by saturated aqueous method and characterized by SEM, FT-IR and 1H NMR. Compared with BJO, the aqueous solubility of BJO-CDP (77.76%) was greatly enhanced due to the water-soluble CDP host. RESULTS: In the acute toxicity test, the value of LD50 of BJO-CDP was 11.94 g/kg, suggesting the lower toxicity of BJO-CDP. Moreover, the pharmacodynamics of BJO-CDP was investigated by evaluating its inhibition effects on human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells and mice transplantable colon cancer CT-26 cells...
December 11, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205117/characterization-of-optimized-functional-complementary-dual-insulinotorpic-peptide-rolgg
#15
Yaofang Zhang, Li Du, Yanling Xu, Lin Tian, Peipei Tu, Minggang Li
BACKGROUND: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) play a similar but complementary role in the regulation of glucose levels in islet β-cells. This study was aimed to develop a fusion peptide, which combines 4 tandem repeated GLP-1 and 4 tandem repeated GIP (4rolGG), and to investigate its therapeutic effect on type 2 diabetes using a diabetic mice model. METHOD: A 4rolGG expression plasmid was constructed and expressed in BL21 (DE3)...
December 3, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205116/antioxidant-activity-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitory-activity-and-chemoprotective-properties-of-rhododendron-brachycarpum-leaves-extracts
#16
Jinfeng Yang, Myeong Ok Kim, Yong Soo Kwon, Myong Jo Kim
BACKGROUND: Rhododendron brachycarpum (RB) is a genus of flowering plants generally used for traditional medicine in Korea to treat hypertension, neuralgia, and sterility. Previous studies have shown that RB extract alleviate inflammation and antimicrobial activity. OBJECTIVE: In this study, the effect of RB and its different fractions (n-hexane, ethyl-acetate and n-butanol) on antioxidant activity, DNA damage prevention and the activity of α-glucosidase were studied...
December 3, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189144/therapeutic-use-of-%C3%AE-9-thc-and-cannabidiol-evaluation-of-a-new-extraction-procedure-for-the-preparation-of-cannabis-based-olive-oil
#17
Luca Morini, Giorgio Porro, Maurizio Liso, Angelo Groppi
BACKGROUND: Since 2013 Cannabis-based preparations, containing the two main cannabinoids of interest, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and cannabidiol (CBD), can be used for therapeutic purposes, such as palliative care, neurodegenerative disorder treatment and other therapies. The preparations may consist of a drug partition in sachets, capsules or through the extraction in certified olive oil. OBJECTIVE: the aims of the study were: a) to develop and validate a new liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method for the identification and quantification of THC and CBD in olive oil; b) to evaluate the extraction efficiency and reproducibility of a new commercial extractor on the market...
November 29, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189143/retrospective-demonstration-of-25i-nbome-acute-poisoning-using-hair-analysis
#18
Alice Ameline, Audrey Farrugia, Jean-Sebastien Raul, Pascal Kintz
BACKGROUND: The abuse of new psychoactive substances or NPS has been dramatically increasing all around the world since the late 2000s and has become a serious public health problem. NPS are a challenge for the worldwide forensic community due to the difficulties to accurately document the cases. The N-benzylmethoxy (NBOMe) group is a new class of hallucinogenic designer drugs and has gained importance in the recent years. 25I-NBOMe (2-(4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-[(2-methoxyphenyl)methyl]ethanamine) is an analog of the 2C series of psychedelic phenethylamine drugs that contain an N-methoxybenzyl substituent, which significantly affects their pharmacological activities...
November 29, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189142/interpretation-of-cannabis-findings-in-the-hair-of-very-young-children-mission-impossible
#19
Pascal Kintz, Alice Ameline, Aude Eibel, Annie Geraut, Audrey Farrugia, Laurent Berthelon, Jean-Sebastien Raul
BACKGROUND: Hair has been suggested since the middle of the 90's to be a suitable matrix to document repetitive exposure to cannabis. Because it is possible to detect ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabinol (CBN) and cannabidiol (CBD) in cannabis smoke, the identification of the metabolite, 11-nor-∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol carboxylic acid (THC-COOH) has been considered to allow the discrimination of active use. OBJECTIVE: Whereas the detection of drugs in a child's hair unambiguously shows drug handling in the environment of the child, it is difficult to distinguish between systemic incorporation into hair after ingestion or inhalation and external deposition into hair from smoke, dust, or contaminated surfaces...
November 29, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173159/antioxidant-potential-and-wound-healing-activity-of-biosurfactant-produced-by-acinetobacter-junii-b6
#20
Mandana Ohadi, Hamid Forootanfar, Hamid Reza Rahimi, Elham Jafari, Mojtaba Shakibaie, Touba Eslaminejad, Gholamreza Dehghannoudeh
BACKGROUND: Recently, the development of a safe bioactive material with antioxidant properties, in which can improve healing activity are focusing. Biosurfactants are very famous for their antimicrobial and free radical scavenging activities. Thereof, the main aim of the present study was to investigate the antioxidant and wound healing activity of the lipopeptide biosurfactant (LBS) produced by Acinetobacter junii B6. DPPH radical scavenging activities and FRAP assays were used to measure the antioxidant properties...
November 22, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
journal
journal
35110
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"