journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509894/swallowing-induced-supraventricular-tachyarrhythmia
#1
Umair Khalid, Ali Massumi, Aziz Shaibani
Swallowing-induced supraventricular tachyarrhythmia is an extremely rare entity with unclear pathophysiology. A 55-year-old man presented with a 2-year history of worsening presyncopal symptoms triggered only by drinking liquids of any temperature. Results of a physical examination were unremarkable except for reproducible atrial tachycardias to 180 to 210 beats/minute documented on rhythm strips when the patient was given water to drink. He underwent radiofrequency ablation with complete resolution of symptoms...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509893/spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-insights-from-histology-and-optical-coherence-tomography
#2
Sandeep K Krishnan, Alex Zhu, Brent Larson, Timothy D Henry, Suhail Dohad
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a well-known but infrequent cause of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and often goes unrecognized. Although management of SCAD is, at times, controversial, when a patient presents with ACS, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is frequently necessary. We present a patient with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with SCAD that illustrates two important points: use of intracoronary optical coherence tomography to guide PCI, and histologic assessment to provide a unique insight into the etiology of SCAD...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509892/arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-dysplasia-an-under-recognized-form-of-inherited-cardiomyopathy
#3
George O Adesina, Shelly A Hall, Jose C Mendez, Susan M Joseph, Robert L Gottlieb, Parag P Kale, Amarinder S Bindra
We report a case of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVD) in order to evaluate the course of an under-recognized form of cardiomyopathy with a vast array of clinical manifestations. The patient is a 49-year-old white woman transferred from an outside hospital due to dyspnea and persistent hypoxia. She had a pertinent family history that included a sister who died suddenly in her 30s from unexplained heart failure. Initial work-up for hypoxia was unrevealing. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed isolated right ventricular dysfunction with dilation and multiple trabeculations...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509891/spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-a-review-of-pathogenesis-presentations-treatment-and-outcomes
#4
Aasim Afzal, Syed Sarmast, James W Choi, Peter A McCullough, Jeffrey M Schussler
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndromes and sudden cardiac death. The epidemiology, pathogenesis, and optimal approaches to diagnosis and management are poorly understood. Additionally, SCAD as a syndrome is commonly under-recognized and its prognosis is not well studied. Guidelines on management of SCAD have not yet been established. We present three cases of SCAD that varied in their clinical presentation and describe the different management strategies utilized...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509890/balancing-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-reduction-and-hepatotoxicity-with-lomitapide-mesylate-and-mipomersen-in-patients-with-homozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#5
Jane I Won, Jun Zhang, Kristen M Tecson, Peter A McCullough
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) is an autosomal codominant disorder manifested by high concentrations of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and premature cardiovascular disease. Despite conventional lipid-lowering therapy, LDL cholesterol levels remain elevated in patients with HoFH; these patients are considered to be at high risk for cardiovascular events. In 2012-2013, two drugs with novel mechanisms of action were approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of HoFH: lomitapide mesylate and mipomersen...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509889/the-role-of-nitrates-in-the-management-of-stable-ischemic-heart-disease-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-and-guidelines
#6
Mehul A Pragani, Karan P Desai, Doralisa Morrone, Mandeep S Sidhu, William E Boden
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States and can result in significant morbidity. In particular, stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) is a condition that affects nearly 9 million individuals in the United States alone, with substantial annual health care costs related to recurrent medical visits and chronic disease management. Nitrates form a cornerstone of SIHD management by reducing myocardial oxygen consumption and increasing exercise capacity by several mechanisms, including increasing epicardial blood flow through vasodilation and decreased vascular resistance, blunting coronary steal, and reducing preload...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509888/cardiac-contractility-modulation-a-technical-guide-for-device-implantation
#7
Jürgen Kuschyk, Axel Kloppe, Stephan Schmidt-Schweda, Hendrik Bonnemeier, Benny Rousso, Susanne Röger
This article provides a technical description of common implant practice for delivery of cardiac contractility modulation (CCM) therapy to heart failure patients. As of September 2016, the authors of this article collectively have been involved with more than 400 system implantations in five medical centers, beginning with the advent of CCM therapy approximately 12 years ago. CCM therapy has been evaluated in a variety of studies, and was shown to be safe and effective and of benefit to patient quality of life and exercise capacity...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233764/advances-in-heart-failure-management-improving-outcomes-with-innovation
#8
Nasrien E Ibrahim, Akshay S Desai, Jagmeet P Singh, James L Januzzi
Heart failure (HF) is a chronic and complex disease entity with an enormous morbidity and mortality. Many of the therapies used in the management of HF were developed decades ago, but recently more novel monitoring and therapeutic strategies have emerged. The employment of these strategies may reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with HF. This article reviews the epidemiology of HF and some of the novel strategies developed to assess risk and monitor these challenging patients. It also discusses the evidence behind some of the newer treatments available that are recently included in the HF management guidelines...
2017: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144024/myocardial-bridge-complicated-by-acute-myocardial-infarction
#9
Guram G Imnadze, Andro G Kacharava
Typically, myocardial bridging (MB) is considered a relatively benign condition; however, serious complications such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction (MI), and sudden cardiac death may occur. The diagnosis and appropriate treatment of this pathology are important. We report a case of acute anterior wall ST-elevation MI occurring as a complication of MB involving the mid segment of the left anterior descending artery in a young, otherwise healthy woman who underwent a primary stenting procedure. Pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the process leading from MB to acute MI vary, and so should the therapy for those patients...
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144023/utility-of-procalcitonin-for-diagnosis-of-superimposed-infections-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure
#10
Anna Mollar, Gema Miñana, Maria Pilar Villanueva, Jorge Guijarro, Julio Núñez
Respiratory infections are well-known precipitant factors for heart failure decompensations. Nevertheless, the diagnosis of life-threatening infections, such as pneumonia, is challenging. Pneumonia and acute heart failure often display overlapping clinical findings and, in other cases, more accurate infection-related findings are missing. In recent years, procalcitonin has emerged as a promising tool for early and accurate diagnosis of pneumonia and, interestingly, for guiding antibiotic therapy in patients with acute heart failure...
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144022/an-unusual-presentation-of-native-valve-endocarditis-caused-by-staphylococcus-warneri
#11
Bhaskar Bhardwaj, Udit B Bhatnagar, Darcy G Conaway
Staphylococcus warneri is a coagulase-negative staphylococcal (CoNS) bacterium. It is a common saprophyte on human skin, present in approximately 50% of the healthy adult population; it has emerged as a cause of serious infection in the past two decades. In most cases, there is a predisposing condition, such as a new implant or surgical procedure, before the identification of S warneri as the pathogen. It is believed that CoNS are mostly associated with prosthetic valve infections. S warneri can lead to a slow growing and an indolent course and late diagnosis...
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144021/rotational-atherectomy-in-a-dissected-coronary-artery-that-propagated-into-the-sinus-of-valsalva-is-this-the-last-hope
#12
Ashish H Shah, Nick Ossei-Gerning, Rito Mitra
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of a resistant, undilatable lesion can result in coronary dissection. Retrograde propagation of a dissection flap into the sinus of Valsalva is a rare phenomenon. It is commonly seen at the time of PCI to a right coronary artery (RCA) and is associated with potentially fatal consequences. Use of rotational atherectomy (RA) is contraindicated in the presence of a coronary dissection. Coronary dissection with preserved flow in asymptomatic patients should be managed conservatively until the dissection heals, but in the case presented here, as coronary flow was compromised, the patient complained of chest pain and ST elevation was observed on electrocardiogram...
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144020/cardiac-manifestations-of-adrenal-insufficiency
#13
Matthew M Schumaecker, Timothy R Larsen, David C Sane
It is estimated that the prevalence of primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison disease) is 1 in 10,000 people. There are multiple case reports and several studies that suggest a correlation between Addison disease and abnormalities of cardiac function. The pathophysiology of cardiac abnormalities in this condition is incompletely understood. This review explores what is currently known about the cardiac manifestations of Addison disease.
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144019/radiofrequency-coils-and-pulse-sequences-for-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-applications-new-perspectives-and-future-developments
#14
Giulio Giovannetti, Daniele De Marchi, Alessandro Pingitore
Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is a relevant diagnostic tool for the evaluation of cardiac morphology, function, and mass. The assessment of myocardial tissue content through the measurement of longitudinal (T1) and transversal (T2) relaxation properties and the development of different technical advances are important clinical novelties of CMR. Recently, magnetic resonance spectroscopy has been explored for the assessment of the metabolic state of tissue for cardiac function evaluation by using nuclei other than protons, such as (13)C and (23)Na, expanding our knowledge of the kinetics of metabolic processes...
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144018/an-overview-of-pharmacotherapy-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-current-speculations-and-clinical-perspectives
#15
Georgios K Efthimiadis, Efstathios Pagourelias, Thomas Zegkos, Despoina Parcharidou, Theofilos Panagiotidis, Alexandra Arvanitaki, Pavlos Rouskas, Haralambos Karvounis
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common inherited cardiac disease. Its clinical course is variable, ranging from a benign asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic course throughout life, to severe symptoms (dyspnea, angina, palpitations) or cardiovascular events (syncope and thromboembolism). Sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains the most striking manifestation of the disease, affecting a minority of patients. This review focuses on the medical treatments applied according to the symptomatology in obstructive and nonobstructive HCM; a special reference is made to atrial fibrillation and arterial hypertension, which often coexist with the disease...
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144017/the-role-of-novel-cardiorenal-biomarkers-in-the-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory-for-the-detection-of-acute-kidney-injury
#16
Daniel Levin, Shweta Bansal, Anand Prasad
Contrast-induced nephropathy related to cardiac and peripheral vascular procedures is a major problem in the United States and abroad. Measures to prevent and treat this complication have been hampered by the lack of clinical tools to detect acute kidney injury following contrast administration. Emerging novel serum and urinary biomarkers may provide sensitive detection of early kidney injury prior to creatinine elevation and allow for more precise risk stratification and management of patients. This article discusses the biologic and clinical data supporting the development and utility of several promising biomarkers in the management of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization and percutaneous coronary intervention...
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144016/st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-or-simulacrum
#17
Nachiket Patel, Elizabeth Ngo, Timothy E Paterick, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, Krishnaswamy Chandrasekaran, A Jamil Tajik
A rapid diagnosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is mandatory for optimal treatment of an acute coronary syndrome. However, a small number of patients with suspected STEMI are afflicted with other medical conditions. These medical conditions are rare, but important clinical entities that should be considered when evaluating a STEMI alert. These conditions include coronary vasospasm, Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, coronary arteritis/aneurysm, myopericarditis, Brugada syndrome, left bundle branch block, early repolarization, aortic dissection, infective endocarditis with root abscess, subarachnoid hemorrhage, ventricular aneurysm after transmural myocardial infarction, and hemodynamically significant pulmonary embolism with right ventricular strain...
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725625/nutritional-deficiencies-and-sarcopenia-in-heart-failure-a-therapeutic-opportunity-to-reduce-hospitalization-and-death
#18
REVIEW
Peter A McCullough, Mohammad Kazem Fallahzadeh, Refaat M Hegazi
There is an expanding prevalence pool of heart failure (HF) due to the increasing prevalence of survivors of myocardial infarction, diabetes, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, and obesity. There is increasing interest in the role of nutrition in all forms of HF, given observations concerning micro- and macronutrient deficiencies, loss of lean body mass or sarcopenia, and their relationships with hospitalization and death. This review examines the relationships among loss of lean body mass, macro- and micronutrient intake, and the natural history of HF, particularly in the elderly, in whom the risks for all-cause rehospitalization, infection, falls, and mortality are increased...
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725624/a-treatment-approach-for-patients-with-chronic-systolic-heart-failure
#19
REVIEW
Barry H Greenberg
The treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection (HFrEF) is changing rapidly. Advances over the past several decades have focused on blocking the adverse effects of neurohormonal activation. This approach has resulted in marked improvement in outcomes in the HFrEF population. Despite these advances, however, mortality and morbidity remain high and HFrEF patients have poor quality of life. New approaches to therapy now offer additional benefits. Combined neprilysin inhibition and angiotensin receptor blockade using sacubitril-valsartan (LCZ696) has been shown to be superior to an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor in HFrEF patients...
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725623/acute-and-chronic-cardiovascular-effects-of-hyperkalemia-new-insights-into-prevention-and-clinical-management
#20
REVIEW
Sandeep K Krishnan, Norman E Lepor
Hyperkalemia is a common electrolyte disorder associated with life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias and increased mortality. Patients at greatest risk for hyperkalemia include those with diabetes and those with impaired renal function in whom a defect in the excretion of renal potassium may already exist. Hyperkalemia is likely to become more common clinically because angiotensin receptor blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are increasingly being used in higher doses and are thought to confer cardiovascular and renal protection...
2016: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
journal
journal
35104
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"