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Journal of Medical Internet Research

Michael S Businelle, Ping Ma, Darla E Kendzor, Summer G Frank, David W Wetter, Damon J Vidrine
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone‒based real-time ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) have been used to record health risk behaviors, and antecedents to those behaviors, as they occur in near real time. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if intensive longitudinal data, collected via mobile phone, could be used to identify imminent risk for smoking lapse among socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers seeking smoking cessation treatment. METHODS: Participants were recruited into a randomized controlled smoking cessation trial at an urban safety-net hospital tobacco cessation clinic...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Amy Shirong Lu, Tom Baranowski, S Lee Hong, Richard Buday, Debbe Thompson, Alicia Beltran, Hafza Razak Dadabhoy, Tzu-An Chen
BACKGROUND: Active video games (AVGs) capable of inducing physical activity offer an innovative approach to combating childhood obesity. Unfortunately, children's AVG game play decreases quickly, underscoring the need to identify novel methods for player engagement. Narratives have been demonstrated to influence behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that a narrative would motivate increased AVG play, though a feasibility study that investigated the motivational effect of adding a previously developed narrative cutscene to an originally nonnarrative AVG, Nintendo Wii Sports Resort: Swordplay Showdown...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Ellen Brady, Julia Segar, Caroline Sanders
BACKGROUND: The ethics of research into online communities is a long-debated issue, with many researchers arguing that open-access discussion groups are publically accessible data and do not require informed consent from participants for their use for research purposes. However, it has been suggested that there is a discrepancy between the perceived and actual privacy of user-generated online content by community members. OBJECTIVE: There has been very little research regarding how privacy is experienced and enacted online...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Laura Amo
BACKGROUND: Persons with a college degree are more likely to engage in eHealth behaviors than persons without a college degree, compounding the health disadvantages of undereducated groups in the United States. However, the extent to which quality of recent eHealth experience reduces the education-based eHealth gap is unexplored. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine how eHealth information search experience moderates the relationship between college education and eHealth behaviors...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Lauren Powell, Jack Parker, Marrissa Martyn St-James, Susan Mawson
BACKGROUND: With advances in technology, the adoption of wearable devices has become a viable adjunct in poststroke rehabilitation. Regaining ambulation is a top priority for an increasing number of stroke survivors. However, despite an increase in research exploring these devices for lower limb rehabilitation, little is known of the effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to assess the effectiveness of lower limb wearable technology for improving activity and participation in adult stroke survivors...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Frederic Ehrler, Chloé Weber, Christian Lovis
BACKGROUND: Demographic growth in conjunction with the rise of chronic diseases is increasing the pressure on health care systems in most OECD countries. Physical activity is known to be an essential factor in improving or maintaining good health. Walking is especially recommended, as it is an activity that can easily be performed by most people without constraints. Pedometers have been extensively used as an incentive to motivate people to become more active. However, a recognized problem with these devices is their diminishing accuracy associated with decreased walking speed...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jolie N Haun, Margeaux Chavez, Kim M Nazi, Nicole Antinori
BACKGROUND: The US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has developed various health information technology (HIT) resources to provide accessible veteran-centered health care. Currently, the VA is undergoing a major reorganization of VA HIT to develop a fully integrated system to meet consumer needs. Although extensive system documentation exists for various VA HIT systems, a more centralized and integrated perspective with clear documentation is needed in order to support effective analysis, strategy, planning, and use...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Catharina A Nordin, Peter Michaelson, Gunvor Gard, Margareta K Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Web-based interventions with a focus on behavior change have been used for pain management, but studies of Web-based interventions integrated in clinical practice are lacking. To emphasize the development of cognitive skills and behavior, and to increase activity and self-care in rehabilitation, the Web Behavior Change Program for Activity (Web-BCPA) was developed and added to multimodal pain rehabilitation (MMR). OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the effects of MMR in combination with the Web-BCPA compared with MMR among persons with persistent musculoskeletal pain in primary health care on pain intensity, self-efficacy, and copying, as part of a larger collection of data...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Michael Mackert, Amanda Mabry-Flynn, Sara Champlin, Erin E Donovan, Kathrynn Pounders
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-half of American adults exhibit low health literacy and thus struggle to find and use health information. Low health literacy is associated with negative outcomes including overall poorer health. Health information technology (HIT) makes health information available directly to patients through electronic tools including patient portals, wearable technology, and mobile apps. The direct availability of this information to patients, however, may be complicated by misunderstanding of HIT privacy and information sharing...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
William Campbell, Reid K Hester, Kathryn L Lenberg, Harold D Delaney
BACKGROUND: Despite empirical evidence supporting the use of Web-based interventions for problem drinking, much remains unknown about factors that influence their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the performance of 2 resources for people who want to achieve and maintain abstinence: SMART Recovery (SR) and Overcoming Addictions (OA). OA is a Web application based on SR. We also examined participant and intervention-related factors hypothesized to impact clinical outcomes of Web-based interventions...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Courtney Rees Lyles, Jill Y Allen, Dolly Poole, Lina Tieu, Michael H Kanter, Terhilda Garrido
BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread implementation of electronic health records (EHRs), there is growing evidence that racial/ethnic minority patients do not use portals as frequently as non-Hispanic whites to access their EHR information online. This differential portal use could be problematic for health care disparities since early evidence links portal use to better outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand specific barriers to portal use among African American and Latino patients at Kaiser Permanente, which has had a portal in place for over a decade, and broad uptake among the patient population at large...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Chris Gibbons, Peter Bower, Karina Lovell, Jose Valderas, Suzanne Skevington
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) questionnaires are desirable for clinical practice but can be time-consuming to administer and interpret, making their widespread adoption difficult. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the performance of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-100 questionnaire as four item banks to facilitate adaptive testing using simulated computer adaptive tests (CATs) for physical, psychological, social, and environmental QoL. METHODS: We used data from the UK WHOQOL-100 questionnaire (N=320) to calibrate item banks using item response theory, which included psychometric assessments of differential item functioning, local dependency, unidimensionality, and reliability...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Chunfeng Liu, Renee L Lim, Kathryn L McCabe, Silas Taylor, Rafael A Calvo
BACKGROUND: In the interests of patient health outcomes, it is important for medical students to develop clinical communication skills. We previously proposed a telehealth communication skills training platform (EQClinic) with automated nonverbal behavior feedback for medical students, and it was able to improve medical students' awareness of their nonverbal communication. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of EQClinic to improve clinical communication skills of medical students...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Zhiyun Wang, Jianping Wang, Andreas Maercker
BACKGROUND: Insight into user adherence to Web-based intervention programs and into its relationship to intervention effect is needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine use of a Web-based self-help intervention program, the Chinese version of My Trauma Recovery (CMTR), among Chinese traumatized individuals, and to investigate the relationship between program use and user characteristics before the intervention and change in outcomes after the intervention and at 3-months' follow-up...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Filip Drozd, Linda Vaskinn, Hans Bugge Bergsund, Silje Marie Haga, Kari Slinning, Cato Alexander Bjørkli
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common mental health problems among adults, but effective treatments are not widely accessible. The Internet holds promise as a cost-effective and convenient delivery platform of interventions for depression. However, studies suggest that Internet interventions are not widely available in routine settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the literature and examine whether there are systematic differences in reporting of the various implementation components on Internet interventions for depression, and then to examine what is known about and is characteristic of the implementation of these Internet interventions in regular care settings...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Sjaan R Gomersall, Norman Ng, Nicola W Burton, Toby G Pavey, Nicholas D Gilson, Wendy J Brown
BACKGROUND: Activity trackers are increasingly popular with both consumers and researchers for monitoring activity and for promoting positive behavior change. However, there is a lack of research investigating the performance of these devices in free-living contexts, for which findings are likely to vary from studies conducted in well-controlled laboratory settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare Fitbit One and Jawbone UP estimates of steps, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary behavior with data from the ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer in a free-living context...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Marco Egbring, Elmira Far, Malgorzata Roos, Michael Dietrich, Mathis Brauchbar, Gerd A Kullak-Ublick, Andreas Trojan
BACKGROUND: The well-being of breast cancer patients and reporting of adverse events require close monitoring. Mobile apps allow continuous recording of disease- and medication-related symptoms in patients undergoing chemotherapy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a mobile app on patient-reported daily functional activity in a supervised and unsupervised setting. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled study of 139 breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Leif Boß, Dirk Lehr, Dorota Reis, Christiaan Vis, Heleen Riper, Matthias Berking, David Daniel Ebert
BACKGROUND: The perspective of users should be taken into account in the evaluation of Web-based health interventions. Assessing the users' satisfaction with the intervention they receive could enhance the evidence for the intervention effects. Thus, there is a need for valid and reliable measures to assess satisfaction with Web-based health interventions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the reliability, factorial structure, and construct validity of the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire adapted to Internet-based interventions (CSQ-I)...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jordan Carpenter, Patrick Crutchley, Ran D Zilca, H Andrew Schwartz, Laura K Smith, Angela M Cobb, Acacia C Parks
BACKGROUND: Assessing the efficacy of Internet interventions that are already in the market introduces both challenges and opportunities. While vast, often unprecedented amounts of data may be available (hundreds of thousands, and sometimes millions of participants with high dimensions of assessed variables), the data are observational in nature, are partly unstructured (eg, free text, images, sensor data), do not include a natural control group to be used for comparison, and typically exhibit high attrition rates...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Didi Surian, Dat Quoc Nguyen, Georgina Kennedy, Mark Johnson, Enrico Coiera, Adam G Dunn
BACKGROUND: In public health surveillance, measuring how information enters and spreads through online communities may help us understand geographical variation in decision making associated with poor health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the use of community structure and topic modeling methods as a process for characterizing the clustering of opinions about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines on Twitter. METHODS: The study examined Twitter posts (tweets) collected between October 2013 and October 2015 about HPV vaccines...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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