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Medical Humanities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079608/vulnerability-survival-and-shame-in-nina-raine-s-tiger-country
#1
Deborah Bowman
Shame in healthcare remains relatively underexplored, yet it is commonplace and its impact is significant. This paper explores shame in healthcare using Nina Raine's 2011 play Tiger Country Three manifestations of shame are explored, namely (1) shame in relation to professional identity and survival in the clinical workplace; (2) shame and illness as experienced by both patients and doctors; and (3) the systemic and organisational influences on shame within healthcare systems. I suggest that the theatre is particularly well-placed to elucidate shame, and that Tiger Country demonstrates the prevalence and impact of shame on clinical work...
October 27, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030410/shame-and-the-vulnerable-self-in-medical-contexts-the-compassionate-solution
#2
Paul Gilbert
Shame is a powerful experience that plays a vital role in a whole range of aspects of the clinical encounter. Shame experiences can have an impact on our psychological and physiological state and on how we experience ourselves, others and our relationships. The medical encounter is an obvious arena for shame because we are presenting (aspects of) our bodies and minds that can be seen as unattractive and undesirable, diseased, decayed and injured with the various excretions that typically might invite disgust...
October 13, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993427/fate-and-the-clinic-a-multidisciplinary-consideration-of-fatalism-in-health-behaviour
#3
Angela Ross Perfetti
The role of fatalism in health behaviour has stirred significant controversy in literature across several disciplines. Some researchers have demonstrated a negative correlation between fatalistic beliefs and healthy behaviours such as cancer screening, arguing that fatalism is a barrier to health-seeking behaviours. Other studies have painted a more complicated picture of fatalistic beliefs and health behaviours that ultimately questions fatalism's causality as a distinct factor. Unpacking this debate raises thought-provoking questions about how epistemological and methodological frameworks present particular pictures about the connections between belief, race, class and behaviour...
October 9, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972037/messy-entanglements-research-assemblages-in-heart-transplantation-discourses-and-practices
#4
Margrit Shildrick, Andrew Carnie, Alexa Wright, Patricia McKeever, Emily Huan-Ching Jan, Enza De Luca, Ingrid Bachmann, Susan Abbey, Dana Dal Bo, Jennifer Poole, Tammer El-Sheikh, Heather Ross
The paper engages with a variety of data around a supposedly single biomedical event, that of heart transplantation. In conventional discourse, organ transplantation constitutes an unproblematised form of spare part surgery in which failing biological components are replaced by more efficient and enduring ones, but once that simple picture is complicated by employing a radically interdisciplinary approach, any biomedical certainty is profoundly disrupted. Our aim, as a cross-sectorial partnership, has been to explore the complexities of heart transplantation by explicitly entangling research from the arts, biosciences and humanities without privileging any one discourse...
September 28, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935631/cultural-crossings-of-care-an-appeal-to-the-medical-humanities
#5
Julia Kristeva, Marie Rose Moro, John Ødemark, Eivind Engebretsen
Modern medicine is confronted with cultural crossings in various forms. In facing these challenges, it is not enough to simply increase our insight into the cultural dimensions of health and well-being. We must, more radically, question the conventional distinction between the 'objectivity of science' and the 'subjectivity of culture'. This obligation creates an urgent call for the medical humanities but also for a fundamental rethinking of their grounding assumptions.Julia Kristeva (JK) has problematised the biomedical concept of health through her reading of the anthropogony of Cura (Care), who according to the Roman myth created man out of a piece of clay...
September 21, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912383/physiotherapists-as-detectives-investigating-clues-and-plots-in-the-clinical-encounter
#6
Birgitte Ahlsen, Anne Marit Mengshoel, Hilde Bondevik, Eivind Engebretsen
This article investigates the clinical reasoning process of physiotherapists working with patients with chronic muscle pain. The article demonstrates how physiotherapists work with clues and weigh up different plots as they seek to build consistent stories about their patient's illness. The material consists of interviews with 10 Norwegian physiotherapists performed after the first clinical encounter with a patient. Using a narrative approach and Lonergan's theory of interpretation, the study highlights how, like detectives, the therapists work with clues by asking a number of interpretive questions of their data...
September 14, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887329/the-abdication-of-king-edward-viii-a-study-of-estrangement-between-an-adult-son-and-elderly-mother
#7
Robert C Abrams
In this article the Abdication of King Edward VIII of Great Britain and his estrangement from the dowager Queen Mary are reconsidered as prototypes of intergenerational conflict arising from a collision of values between an adult child and an elderly mother. Historical materials on the Abdication and other respected secondary sources, including biographies of key individuals, were consulted, and the limited sociological and clinical literature on estrangement between elderly parents and adult children was referenced...
September 8, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883022/a-visit-to-brookwood-aslyum-in-the-19th-century
#8
Charlotte Cliffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855380/the-ghost-of-pandemics-past-revisiting-two-centuries-of-influenza-in-sweden
#9
Martin Holmberg
Previous influenza pandemics are usually invoked in pandemic preparedness planning without a thorough analysis of the events surrounding them, what has been called the 'configuration' of epidemics. Historic pandemics are instead used to contrast them to the novelty of the coming imagined plague or as fear of a ghost-like repetition of the past. This view of pandemics is guided by a biomedical framework that is ahistorical and reductionist. The meaning of 'pandemic' influenza is in fact highly ambiguous in its partitioning of pandemic and seasonal influenza...
September 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855379/new-way-of-seeing
#10
EDITORIAL
Brandy Schillace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450412/the-art-of-medicine-arts-based-training-in-observation-and-mindfulness-for-fostering-the-empathic-response-in-medical-residents
#11
Joyce Zazulak, May Sanaee, Andrea Frolic, Nicole Knibb, Eve Tesluk, Edward Hughes, Lawrence E M Grierson
Empathy is an essential attribute for medical professionals. Yet, evidence indicates that medical learners' empathy levels decline dramatically during medical school. Training in evidence-based observation and mindfulness has the potential to bolster the acquisition and demonstration of empathic behaviours for medical learners. In this prospective cohort study, we explore the impact of a course in arts-based visual literacy and mindfulness practice (Art of Seeing) on the empathic response of medical residents engaged in obstetrics and gynaecology and family medicine training...
September 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823994/arts-based-interventions-in-healthcare-education
#12
Magda Osman, Bella Eacott, Suzy Willson
Healthcare education institutions are increasingly including arts-based interventions in their programmes. We analysed 62 studies of arts-based interventions to understand how these interventions may be beneficial, and why providing evidence continues to be a challenge for the field.Our analysis highlighted two issues. We found that 79% of the included studies reported that their interventions were successful, but without always defining this success or how it was measured. This lack of clarity was apparent in descriptions of both what arts-based interventions aimed to do, and in descriptions of how they might do this...
August 19, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790137/shame-stigma-hiv-philosophical-reflections
#13
Phil Hutchinson, Rageshri Dhairyawan
It is a distinctive feature of HIV that its pathology cannot be adequately grasped separate from a number of psychosocial factors, and stigma is widely seen as the most prominent. We argue that it is equally important to have an adequate understanding of shame, as the emotional response to stigma. We have identified five ways shame might negatively impact upon attempts to combat and treat HIV, which emerge from the stigma HIV carries and STI-stigma in general. In this paper, we draw out four insights from philosophical work on emotions and shame which we propose will improve understanding of shame and stigma...
August 8, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790136/digital-dust
#14
Johann A R Roduit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756412/heartfelt-images-learning-cardiac-science-artistically
#15
Carol Ann Courneya
There are limited curricular options for medical students to engage in art-making during their training. Yet, it is known that art-making confers a variety of benefits related to learning. This qualitative study utilises a visual methodology to explore students' art-making in the context of the cardiovascular sciences. The existence of a multiyear repository of medical/dental student generated, cardiac-inspired art, collected over 6 years, provided the opportunity to explore the nature of the art made. The aim was to categorise the art produced, as well as the depth and breadth of understanding required to produce the art...
July 29, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739587/tonio-telling-time
#16
Ron Louie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739586/immortal
#17
Allison Mary N Shepherd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724624/the-gift
#18
Samuel Ridout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724623/determined
#19
Dominic Charles Toffolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710137/the-evening-shift
#20
Helen Gibson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Medical Humanities
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