journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802889/ameliorative-effect-of-propolis-supplementation-in-alleviating-bisphenol-a-toxicity-growth-performance-biochemical-variables-and-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-of-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-l-fingerlings
#1
Heba S Hamed, Mohsen Abdel-Tawwab
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is one of the important pollutants in aquatic ecosystems and its detrimental effects on fish have a great concern. Propolis is a natural immune-stimulant that has various biological and pharmacological activities. Thus, its capability to alleviate the toxic effect of BPA on Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.) was assessed in a study based on a 2 × 2 factorial design with two levels of ethanolic extract of propolis (EEP) and two waterborne BPA concentrations in triplicates. Fish (33.9 ± 0...
August 9, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778491/stinging-caterpillars-from-the-genera-podalia-leucanella-and-lonomia-in-misiones-argentina-a-preliminary-comparative-approach-to-understand-their-toxicity
#2
María Agustina Quintana, Juliana Mozer Sciani, Aline Vivian Vatti Auada, María Mercedes Martínez, Matías Nicolás Sánchez, Marcelo Larami Santoro, Hui Wen Fan, María Elisa Peichoto
Dermal contact with Lepidoptera specimens at their larval stage (caterpillar) may cause systemic and/or local envenomation. There are multiple venomous species of them in Argentina, but their overall venom composition is poorly known. Lately, several cases of envenomation have been reported in the Misiones province, Northeastern Argentina. Thus, this work aimed to compare the protein composition, and the enzymatic properties of bristle extracts from caterpillars belonging to the families Megalopygidae (Podalia ca...
August 2, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757215/catch-a-tiger-snake-by-its-tail-differential-toxicity-co-factor-dependence-and-antivenom-efficacy-in-a-procoagulant-clade-of-australian-venomous-snakes
#3
Callum Lister, Kevin Arbuckle, Timothy N W Jackson, Jordan Debono, Christina N Zdenek, Daniel Dashevsky, Nathan Dunstan, Luke Allen, Chris Hay, Brian Bush, Amber Gillett, Bryan G Fry
A paradigm of venom research is adaptive evolution of toxins as part of a predator-prey chemical arms race. This study examined differential co-factor dependence, variations relative to dietary preference, and the impact upon relative neutralisation by antivenom of the procoagulant toxins in the venoms of a clade of Australian snakes. All genera were characterised by venoms rich in factor Xa which act upon endogenous prothrombin. Examination of toxin sequences revealed an extraordinary level of conservation, which indicates that adaptive evolution is not a feature of this toxin type...
July 27, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757214/vulnerability-of-marsh-frog-pelophylax-ridibundus-to-the-typical-wastewater-effluents-ibuprofen-triclosan-and-estrone-detected-by-multi-biomarker-approach
#4
Halina I Falfushynska, Lesya L Gnatyshyna, Oksana Horyn, Oksana B Stoliar
Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) are the environmental pollutants of growing concern. The aim of this study was to indicate the effects of typical PPCPs on the marsh frog Pelophylax ridibundus. We treated male frogs with waterborne ibuprofen (IBU, 250ng·L(-1)), triclosan (TCS, 500ng·L(-1)), or estrone (E1, 100ng·L(-1)) for 14days. Common vulnerability of the frogs was detected from dramatic decrease of Zn, total and metalated metallothionein (MT) concentrations, Zn/Cu ratio, the elevation of activity of glutathione-S-transferase, cathepsin D and DNA instability in the liver, the depletion of cholinesterase in the brain and cortisol in the blood plasma in all exposures...
July 27, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757213/oxidative-stress-parameters-in-two-pelophylax-esculentus-complex-frogs-during-pre-and-post-hibernation-arousal-vs-heavy-metals
#5
Marko D Prokić, Slavica S Borković-Mitić, Imre I Krizmanić, Jelena J Mutić, Jelena P Gavrić, Svetlana G Despotović, Branka R Gavrilović, Tijana B Radovanović, Slađan Z Pavlović, Zorica S Saičić
In spring, frogs from temperate regions are faced with arousal-induced oxidative stress and exposure to various xenobiotics from the environment. The question is whether pollutants can significantly modify the antioxidative defense system (AOS) response of hibernators during recovery from hibernation. If this assumption is true, we would then expect different patterns of seasonal variations in the AOS between individuals exposed to different levels of pollution. To examine this assumption, we determined the relationship between seasonal variations of accumulated metals and AOS parameters in the skin and muscle of two frog species from the Pelophylax esculentus complex (P...
July 27, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754376/characterization-of-mxr-activity-in-the-sea-anemone-bunodosoma-cangicum-exposed-to-copper
#6
Vanessa Abelaira Anjos, Juliana Zomer Sandrini, Cláudia Bueno Reis Martinez, Marta Marques Souza
Transmembrane proteins of the ABC family contribute to a multiple xenobiotic resistance (MXR) phenotype in cells, driving the extrusion of toxic substances. This phenotype promotes a high degree of protection against xenobiotics. The present study provides a better understanding of the MXR activity in the podal disk cells of Bunodosoma cangicum exposed to copper, and further establishes the relationship between protein activity (measured by accumulation of rhodamine-B) and bioaccumulation of copper in these cells...
July 25, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743461/effects-of-subchronic-exposure-to-waterborne-cadmium-on-h-p-i-axis-hormones-and-related-genes-in-rare-minnows-gobiocypris-rarus
#7
Xiao-Hong Liu, Zhi-Jian Wang, Li Jin, Jing Huang, De-Yong Pu, De-Shou Wang, Yao-Guang Zhang
The H (hypothalamic)-P (pituitary)-I (interrenal) axis is critical in the stress response and other activities of fish. To further investigate cadmium (Cd) toxicity on the H-P-I axis and to identify its potential regulatory genes in fish, the adult female rare minnows (Gobiocypris rarus) were exposed to subchronic (5weeks) levels of waterborne Cd in the present study. This kind of treatment caused dose-dependent decline in fish growth, with significance in the high dose group (100μg/L). Correspondingly, low dose (5-50μg/L) waterborne Cd disrupted the endocrine system of H-P-I axis just at the secretion level, while high dose Cd disrupted both the secretion and synthesis of cortisol and its downstream signals in rare minnows, revealed by the significantly upregulation and positive correlation of corticosteroidogenic genes including MC2R, StAR, CYP11A1, and CYP11B1 in the kidney (including the interrenal tissue) (P<0...
July 22, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697978/functional-characterization-of-bdb1-a-well-conserved-carboxylesterase-among-tephritid-fruit-flies-associated-with-malathion-resistance-in-bactrocera-dorsalis-hendel
#8
Luo-Luo Wang, Xue-Ping Lu, Guy Smagghe, Li-Wei Meng, Jin-Jun Wang
There are many evidences that insect carboxylesterase possess important physiological roles in xenobiotic metabolism and are implicated in the detoxification of organophosphate (OP) insecticides. Despite the ongoing resistance development in the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), the molecular basis of carboxylesterase and its ability to confer OP resistance remain largely obscure. This study was initiated to provide a better understanding of carboxylesterase-mediated resistance mechanism in a tephritid pest fly...
July 8, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647296/multiple-stressors-including-contaminant-exposure-and-parasite-infection-predict-spleen-mass-and-energy-expenditure-in-breeding-ring-billed-gulls
#9
Sarah C Marteinson, David J Marcogliese, Jonathan Verreault
Daily energy expenditure (DEE) in animals is influenced by many factors although the impact of stressors remains largely unknown. The objective of this study was to determine how multiple physiological stressors (parasite infection and contaminant exposure) and natural challenges (energy-demanding activities and weather conditions) may affect DEE in nesting ring-billed gulls (Larus delawarensis) exposed to high concentrations of persistent organic contaminants (POPs). Physical activity, temperature, gastrointestinal parasitic worm abundance, relative spleen mass, plasma thyroid hormone levels and liver concentrations of POPs were determined; field metabolic rate (FMR) was used as a measure of DEE...
June 21, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634053/using-short-term-bioassays-to-evaluate-the-endocrine-disrupting-capacity-of-the-pesticides-linuron-and-fenoxycarb
#10
Petra Spirhanzlova, Bert De Groef, Freda E Nicholson, Sylvia V H Grommen, Giulia Marras, Anthony Sébillot, Barbara A Demeneix, Sophie Pallud-Mothré, Gregory F Lemkine, Andrew J Tindall, David Du Pasquier
Several short-term whole-organism bioassays based on transgenic aquatic models are now under validation by the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) to become standardized test guidelines for the evaluation of the endocrine activity of substances. Evaluation of the endocrine disrupting capacity of pesticides will be a domain of applicability of these future reference tests. The herbicide linuron and the insecticide fenoxycarb are two chemicals commonly used in agricultural practices...
June 17, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624525/regulation-of-hepatic-abcb4-and-cyp3a65-gene-expression-and-multidrug-multixenobiotic-resistance-mdr-mxr-functional-activity-in-the-model-teleost-danio-rerio-zebrafish
#11
Jeremy S Jackson, Christopher J Kennedy
Multidrug/multixenobiotic resistance (MDR/MXR) confers resistance to a diverse range of potentially toxic pharmaceuticals and environmental contaminants through a cellular response that involves the coordinated induction and activity of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and the Phase I metabolizing enzyme cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A). In mammals, ligand-mediated pregnane X receptor (PXR) transcriptional activity regulates the induction of P-gp and CYP3A; however, this mechanism has not been well-characterized in fish...
June 14, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602911/jaburetox-induced-toxic-effects-on-the-hemocytes-of-rhodnius-prolixus-hemiptera-reduviidae
#12
Natalia R Moyetta, Valquiria Broll, Ana Paula A Perin, Augusto F Uberti, Matheus V Coste Grahl, Fernanda Staniscuaski, Celia R Carlini, Leonardo L Fruttero
Jaburetox is a recombinant peptide derived from a Canavalia ensiformis urease that presents toxic effects upon several species of insects, phytopathogenic fungi and yeasts of medical importance. So far, no toxicity of Jaburetox to mammals has been shown. Previous reports have identified biochemical targets of this toxic peptide in insect models, although its mechanism of action is not completely understood. In this work, we aimed to characterize the effects of Jaburetox in hemolymphatic insect cells. For this purpose, the model insect and Chagas' disease vector Rhodnius prolixus was used...
June 8, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602909/influence-of-dietary-cadmium-exposure-on-fitness-traits-and-its-accumulation-with-an-overview-on-trace-elements-in-lymantria-dispar-larvae
#13
Milena Vlahović, Dragana Matić, Jelena Mutić, Jelena Trifković, Slađana Đurđić, Vesna Perić Mataruga
Bioaccumulation and excretion of heavy metals in insects is only partially clarified. We have investigated cadmium accumulation in the feces, head and integument of Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantiidae) larvae exposed to chronic dietary intake of cadmium. The aim of the experiment was to establish modalities of metal accumulation, primarily cadmium, as well as changes in fitness traits in two insect populations receiving 50 or 100μg Cd/g dry food. The egg-masses originated from two localities: a protected nature reserve (unpolluted population) and an area near a busy highway (polluted population) in Serbia...
June 8, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587838/effects-of-water-ph-on-the-uptake-and-elimination-of-the-piscicide-3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol-tfm-by-larval-sea-lamprey
#14
Benjamin L Hlina, Laura R Tessier, Michael P Wilkie
Invasive sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) populations in the Great Lakes are controlled by applying the piscicide, 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM), to infested streams with larval sea lamprey (ammocoetes). While treatment mortality is >90%, surviving lamprey, called residuals, can undermine control efforts. A key determinant of TFM effectiveness is water pH, which can fluctuate daily and seasonally in surface waters. The objectives of this research were to evaluate the influence of pH on the uptake, elimination, and accumulation of TFM by larval sea lamprey using radio-labeled TFM ((14)C-TFM), when exposed to a nominal concentration of 4...
June 3, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602910/in-vitro-screening-for-estrogenic-endocrine-disrupting-compounds-using-mozambique-tilapia-and-sea-bass-scales
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Patrícia I S Pinto, M Dulce Estêvão, Soraia Santos, André Andrade, Deborah M Power
A wide range of estrogenic endocrine disruptors (EDCs) are accumulating in the environment and may disrupt the physiology of aquatic organisms. The effects of EDCs on fish have mainly been assessed using reproductive endpoints and in vivo animal experiments. We used a simple non-invasive assay to evaluate the impact of estrogens and EDCs on sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) scales. These were exposed to estradiol (E2), two phytoestrogens and six anthropogenic estrogenic/anti-estrogenic EDCs and activities of enzymes related to mineralized tissue turnover (TRAP, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and ALP, alkaline phosphatase) were measured...
September 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428009/effect-of-methylparaben-in-artemia-franciscana
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Amparo Comeche, María Martín-Villamil, Yolanda Picó, Inma Varó
In this study, the toxicity of methylparaben (MeP) an emerging contaminant, was analysed in the sexual species Artemia franciscana, due to its presence in coastal areas and marine saltworks in the Mediterranean region. The acute toxicity (24h-LC50) of MeP in nauplii was tested and its chronic effect (9days) evaluated by measuring survival and growth under two sublethal concentrations (0.0085 and 0.017mg/L). Also, the effect on several key enzymes involved in: antioxidant defences (catalase (CAT) and gluthathion-S-transferase (GST)), neural activity (cholinesterase (ChE)) and xenobiotic biotransformation (carboxylesterase (CbE), was assessed after 48h under sublethal exposure...
September 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347745/seasonal-and-ontogenetic-changes-modulate-oxygen-consumption-and-antioxidant-defenses-in-the-cutlassfish-trichiurus-lepturus-pisces-trichiuridae
#17
Danilo Wilhelm-Filho, César G Fraga, Alberto Boveris
Several oxidative stress markers and liver oxygen consumption were measured in different tissues of the marine fish Trichiurus lepturus in late summer and late winter, as well as in juveniles and adult females. Oxygen consumption in liver, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activity in liver, red cells, lens and roe, vitamin E, ubiquinol10, β-carotene in liver, red cells, and roe, as well as contents of reduced glutathione (GSH) and lipoperoxidation (TBARS) in red cells were evaluated. Regarding ontogeny, compared to adult fish, juveniles showed significant higher SOD activity in liver and lens, as well as higher liver contents of vitamin E...
September 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347744/the-development-of-cellular-immune-defence-in-marine-medaka-oryzias-melastigma
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Frauke Seemann, Drew Ryan Peterson, Michael Wai Lun Chiang, Doris Wai Ting Au
Environmentally induced alterations of the immune system during sensitive developmental stages may manifest as abnormalities in immune organ configuration and/or immune cell differentiation. These not only render the early life stages more vulnerable to pathogens, but may also affect the adult immune competence. Knowledge of these sensitive periods in fish would provide an important prognostic/diagnostic tool for aquatic risk assessment of immunotoxicants. The marine medaka Oryzias melastigma is an emerging seawater fish model for immunotoxicology...
September 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323199/acute-toxicity-bioaccumulation-and-effects-of-dietary-transfer-of-silver-from-brine-shrimp-exposed-to-pvp-pei-coated-silver-nanoparticles-to-zebrafish
#19
José María Lacave, Álvaro Fanjul, Eider Bilbao, Nerea Gutierrez, Irantzu Barrio, Inmaculada Arostegui, Miren P Cajaraville, Amaia Orbea
The extensive use and release to the aquatic environment of silver nanoparticles (NPs) could lead to their incorporation into the food web. Brine shrimp larvae of 24h showed low sensitivity to the exposure to PVP/PEI-coated Ag NPs (5nm), with EC50 values at 24h of 19.63mgAgL(-1), but they significantly accumulated silver after 24h of exposure to 100μgL(-1) of Ag NPs. Thus, to assess bioaccumulation and effects of silver transferred by the diet in zebrafish, brine shrimp larvae were exposed to 100ngL(-1) of Ag NPs as an environmentally relevant concentration or to 100μgL(-1) as a potentially effective concentration and used to feed zebrafish for 21days...
September 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274763/developmental-and-reproductive-toxicity-of-pvp-pei-coated-silver-nanoparticles-to-zebrafish
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Amaia Orbea, Nagore González-Soto, José María Lacave, Irantzu Barrio, Miren P Cajaraville
Cellular and molecular mechanisms of toxicity of silver nanoparticles (NPs) and their toxicity to fish embryos after waterborne exposure have been widely investigated, but much less information is available regarding the effect of Ag NPs on physiological functions such as growth or reproduction. In this work, the effects of waterborne exposure of adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) to PVP/PEI coated Ag NPs (~5nm) on reproduction (fecundity) were investigated. Moreover, the development of the embryos after parental exposure was compared with the development of embryos after direct waterborne exposure to the NPs...
September 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
journal
journal
35097
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"