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Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310705/intensity-of-contact-with-frontline-workers-and-its-influence-on-maternal-and-newborn-health-behaviors-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-uttar-pradesh-india
#1
Tanica Lyngdoh, Sutapa B Neogi, Danish Ahmad, Srinivasan Soundararajan, Dileep Mavalankar
BACKGROUND: India is committed to improving maternal and newborn health in order to achieve the targets for India's Millennium Development Goal 4. Considering their role as a link between community and health systems, frontline workers (FLWs) can be effectively utilized in strengthening maternal and newborn care. In this paper, we set out to examine the effect of intensity of contact with FLWs on key maternal and newborn health behaviors and to determine if this association varies by status of Self Help Group (SHG) membership...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304840/factors-influencing-adherence-to-tuberculosis-treatment-in-asmara-eritrea-a-qualitative-study
#2
Frezghi Hidray Gebreweld, Meron Mehari Kifle, Fitusm Eyob Gebremicheal, Leban Lebahati Simel, Meron Mebrahtu Gezae, Shewit Sibhatu Ghebreyesus, Yordanos Tesfamariam Mengsteab, Nebiat Ghirmay Wahd
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to tuberculosis (TB) treatment is an important barrier for TB prevention and control. Poor adherence may result in prolonged disease infectiousness, drug resistance, relapse and death. The aim of this study was to assess factors influencing adherence to tuberculosis treatment in selected health facilities in Asmara, Eritrea. METHODS: A qualitative study which included in-depth interviews with 12 TB patients, three focus group discussions in selected health facilities in which one group comprised eight patients and key informant interviews with three health workers...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282137/central-obesity-and-normal-weight-central-obesity-among-adults-attending-healthcare-facilities-in-buffalo-city-metropolitan-municipality-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Eyitayo Omolara Owolabi, Daniel Ter Goon, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi
BACKGROUND: Central obesity (CO) confers a significant threat on the cardio-metabolic health of individuals, independently of overall obesity. Disparities in the measures of fat distribution lead to misclassification of individuals who are at risk of cardio-metabolic diseases. This study sought to determine the prevalence and correlates of central obesity and normal-weight central obesity among adults attending selected healthcare facilities in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality (BCMM), South Africa, assess their health risk and examine the association between central obesity and cardio-metabolic diseases among adults with normal weight, measured by body mass index (BMI)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297413/care-seeking-behaviors-for-maternal-and-newborn-illnesses-among-self-help-group-households-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#4
Kumudha Aruldas, Aastha Kant, P S Mohanan
BACKGROUND: India has made large strides in reducing maternal mortality ratio and neonatal mortality rate, yet care-seeking behavior for appropriate care is still a challenge. We conducted a qualitative study to understand the process of recognition and care-seeking for maternal and newborn illnesses in rural India where a health intervention through women's self-help groups (SHG) to improve maternal and newborn health behaviors is implemented by a non-governmental organization, the Rajiv Gandhi Mahila Vikas Pariyojana...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297412/illness-recognition-decision-making-and-care-seeking-for-maternal-and-newborn-complications-a-qualitative-study-in-jigawa-state-northern-nigeria
#5
Vandana Sharma, Jessica Leight, Fatima AbdulAziz, Nadège Giroux, Martina Bjorkman Nyqvist
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality and newborn mortality continue to be major challenges in Nigeria, with the highest levels in the northern part of the country. The objective of this study was to explore the process and sequence of symptom recognition, decision-making, and care-seeking among families experiencing maternal and neonatal illness and deaths in 24 local governmental areas in Jigawa State, Northern Nigeria. METHODS: This qualitative study included 40 illness narratives (ten each for maternal deaths, perceived postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), neonatal deaths, and neonatal illness) that collected data on symptom recognition, perceptions of the causes of disease, decision-making processes, the identity of key decision-makers, and care-seeking barriers and enablers...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297398/illness-recognition-and-care-seeking-for-maternal-and-newborn-complications-in-rural-eastern-uganda
#6
Monica Okuga, Peter Waiswa, Rogers Mandu, Juddy Wachira, Claudia Hanson, Fatuma Manzi
BACKGROUND: To enhance understanding of the roles of community-based initiatives in poor rural societies, we describe and explore illness recognition, decision-making, and appropriate care-seeking for mothers and newborn illnesses in two districts in eastern Uganda where in one implementation district, a facility and community quality improvement approach was implemented. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using qualitative methods. We conducted 48 event narratives: eight maternal and newborn deaths and 16 maternal and newborn illnesses...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297394/appropriateness-and-timeliness-of-care-seeking-for-complications-of-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-rural-ethiopia-a-case-study-of-the-maternal-and-newborn-health-in-ethiopia-partnership
#7
Lynn M Sibley, Yared Amare, Solomon Tesfaye Abebe, Mulusew Lijalem Belew, Kemeredin Shiffra, Danika Barry
BACKGROUND: In 2014, USAID and University Research Co., LLC, initiated a new project under the broader Translating Research into Action portfolio of projects. This new project was entitled Systematic Documentation of Illness Recognition and Appropriate Care Seeking for Maternal and Newborn Complications. This project used a common protocol involving descriptive mixed-methods case studies of community projects in six low- and middle-income countries, including Ethiopia. In this paper, we present the Maternal and Newborn Health in Ethiopia Partnership (MaNHEP) case study...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297392/summary-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-identifying-and-responding-to-maternal-and-newborn-illness-in-seven-countries-implications-for-programs
#8
Danielle Charlet, Allisyn C Moran, Supriya Madhavan
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of systematic information documenting recognition of potentially life-threatening complications and decisions to seek care, as well as reaching care and the specific steps in that process. In response to this gap in knowledge, a multi-country mixed methods study was conducted to illuminate the dynamics driving Delays 1 and 2 across seven countries for maternal and newborn illness and death. METHODS: A common protocol and tools were developed, adapted by each of seven study teams depending on their local context (Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, and Nepal)...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297390/methodology-for-a-mixed-methods-multi-country-study-to-assess-recognition-of-and-response-to-maternal-and-newborn-illness
#9
Allisyn C Moran, Danielle Charlet, Supriya Madhavan, Kumudha Aruldas, Marie Donaldson, Fatuma Manzi, Monica Okuga, Alfonso Rosales, Vandana Sharma, Michael Celone, Neal Brandes, James M Sherry
BACKGROUND: Although maternal and newborn mortality have decreased 44 and 46% respectively between 1990 and 2015, achievement of ambitious Sustainable Development Goal targets requires accelerated progress. Mortality reduction requires a renewed focus on the continuum of maternal and newborn care from the household to the health facility. Although barriers to accessing skilled care are documented for specific contexts, there is a lack of systematic evidence on how women and families identify maternal and newborn illness and make decisions and subsequent care-seeking patterns...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297386/illness-recognition-decision-making-and-care-seeking-for-maternal-and-newborn-complications-a-qualitative-study-in-sarlahi-district-nepal
#10
Tsering P Lama, Subarna K Khatry, Joanne Katz, Steven C LeClerq, Luke C Mullany
BACKGROUND: Identification of maternal and newborn illness and the decision-making and subsequent care-seeking patterns are poorly understood in Nepal. We aimed to characterize the process and factors influencing recognition of complications, the decision-making process, and care-seeking behavior among families and communities who experienced a maternal complication, death, neonatal illness, or death in a rural setting of Nepal. METHODS: Thirty-two event narratives (six maternal/newborn deaths each and 10 maternal/newborn illnesses each) were collected using in-depth interviews and small group interviews...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297380/recognition-of-and-care-seeking-for-maternal-and-newborn-complications-in-jayawijaya-district-papua-province-indonesia-a-qualitative-study
#11
Alfonso Rosales, Sigit Sulistyo, Oktarinda Miko, Lila K Hairani, Meita Ilyana, Joanne Thomas, Emily Hirata, Rhonda Holloway, Michael Bantung, Kristina Pabate, Candra Wijaya, Dennis Cherian
BACKGROUND: Indonesia's progress on reducing maternal and newborn mortality rates has slowed in recent years, predominantly in rural areas. To reduce maternal and newborn mortality, access to quality and skilled care, particularly at the facility level, is crucial. Yet, accessing such care is often delayed when maternal and newborn complications arise. Using the "Three Delays" model originated by Thaddeus and Maine (1994), investigation into reasons for delaying the decision to seek care, delaying arrival at a health facility, and delaying the receiving of adequate care, may help in establishing more focused interventions to improve maternal and newborn health in this region...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246186/-when-a-woman-is-pregnant-her-grave-is-open-health-beliefs-concerning-dietary-practices-among-pregnant-kalenjin-women-in-rural-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#12
Roselyter Monchari Riang'a, Anne Kisaka Nangulu, Jacqueline E W Broerse
BACKGROUND: Reducing malnutrition remains a major global challenge especially in low- and middle-income countries. Lack of knowledge on the motive of nutritional behaviour could ultimately cripple nutrition intervention outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate how health beliefs influence nutritional behaviour intention of the pregnant Kalenjin women of rural Uasin Gishu County in Kenya. The study findings provide useful information for culturally congruent nutrition counselling and intervention...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246181/detection-and-identification-of-antimicrobial-resistant-salmonella-in-raw-beef-at-wolaita-sodo-municipal-abattoir-southern-ethiopia
#13
Wondimu Wabeto, Yishak Abraham, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: The consumption of multidrug resistant Salmonella isolates along with a raw meat dish is directly relevant to the global public health crisis of antimicrobial resistance. All countries around the globe are suffering from food-borne diseases. In developing countries, more than one billion individuals suffering from gastroenteritis and around five million infected individuals die annually. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from December 2015 to May 2016 to show the risk of Salmonella associated with consuming traditional raw meat dishes and to characterize the antimicrobial resistance profile at Wolaita Sodo municipal abattoir...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246194/engaging-men-to-promote-and-support-exclusive-breastfeeding-a-descriptive-review-of-28-projects-in-20-low-and-middle-income-countries-from-2003-to-2013
#14
Jennifer M Yourkavitch, Jeniece L Alvey, Debra M Prosnitz, James C Thomas
BACKGROUND: Lay support has been associated with improved breastfeeding practices, but studies of programs that engage men in breastfeeding support have shown mixed results and most are from high-income countries. The purpose of our research is to review strategies to engage men in exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) promotion or support in 28 project areas across 20 low- and middle-income countries. This information may be used to inform program implementers and policymakers seeking to increase EBF...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237493/the-association-between-health-insurance-status-and-utilization-of-health-services-in-rural-northern-ghana-evidence-from-the-introduction-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme
#15
Philip Ayizem Dalinjong, Paul Welaga, James Akazili, Anthony Kwarteng, Martin Bangha, Abraham Oduro, Osman Sankoh, Jane Goudge
BACKGROUND: Many households in low- and middle-income countries face financial hardships due to payments for health care, while others are pushed into poverty. Risk pooling and prepayment mechanisms help to lessen the impact of the costs of care as well as assisting to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). Ghana implemented the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) for the promotion of access to health services for all Ghanaians. In this paper, we examined the association between health insurance status and utilization of outpatient and inpatient health services in rural poor communities...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212534/engaging-a-rural-community-in-identifying-determinants-of-low-birth-weight-and-deciding-on-measures-to-improve-low-birth-weight-an-experience-from-a-sri-lankan-study
#16
N D Galmangoda Guruge, M Goonasekara, S D Dharmaratne, M W Gunathunga
BACKGROUND: Involving communities in identifying and addressing determinants of their own health is effective in addressing complex problems, such as low birth weight (LBW). LBW is an important public health problem which has not improved significantly in Sri Lanka in the last 10 years. This study reports the ability of lay persons to identify and address determinants of LBW. METHODS: A health promotion intervention was conducted among 403 mothers registering at 26 antenatal clinics in the district of Anuradhapura, in Sri Lanka...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208036/informal-care-and-health-behaviors-among-elderly-people-with-chronic-diseases
#17
Hong Wu, Naiji Lu
BACKGROUND: The mechanism by which social relationships influence health can be interpreted as a social network regulating one's health behaviors. Based on the hypothesis that relatives, friends, or neighbors are sources of social support and may monitor one's health behaviors, researchers have gotten significant and consistent results that a social network can regulate health behaviors. However, few empirical studies have been conducted to examine the role of informal care in the regulation of health behaviors, especially for elderly individuals with chronic diseases that can be controlled by healthy behaviors...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169372/association-between-diet-and-gallstones-of-cholesterol-and-pigment-among-patients-with-cholecystectomy-a-case-control-study-in-korea
#18
Yongsoon Park, Doyeon Kim, Ju Seon Lee, Yu Na Kim, Yoon Kyung Jeong, Kyeong Geun Lee, Dongho Choi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cholesterol gallstones is high in Western populations, while pigment gallstones are common in Asian populations. Dietary factors are suggested to be associated with gallstone risk, but their relationship with gallstone type has not been evaluated. This study investigated the association between diet and risk of cholesterol gallstone or pigment gallstone in a Korean population whose dietary pattern and type of gallstone were changed during the last 30 years...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157302/prevalence-of-lactose-intolerance-in-patients-with-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-data-from-a-tertiary-center-in-southern-china
#19
Lishou Xiong, Yilin Wang, Xiaorong Gong, Minhu Chen
BACKGROUND: Symptoms associated with lactose intolerance (LI) and diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) are almost the same. These disease entities are difficult to differentiate clinically. In practice, differential diagnosis depends on self-reported patient milk intolerance. However, there is limited data on the prevalence of LI in China. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of LI in IBS-D patients and asymptomatic healthy controls. METHODS: Lactose malabsorption (LM) was diagnosed by a lactose hydrogen breath test (HBT) and was defined by peak breath H2 excretion over the baseline level of ≥ 20 ppm...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141668/association-of-dietary-patterns-with-diabetes-complications-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-gaza-strip-palestine-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Abdel Hamid El Bilbeisi, Saeed Hosseini, Kurosh Djafarian
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is rising worldwide. When diabetes is uncontrolled, it has dire consequences for health and well-being. However, the role of diet in the origin of diabetes complications is not understood well. This study identifies major dietary patterns among type 2 diabetes patients and its association with diabetes complications in Gaza Strip, Palestine. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted among 1200 previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (both genders, aged 20-64 years), patients receiving care in primary healthcare centers in Gaza Strip, Palestine...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
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