Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition

Aminur Rahman, Monjura Khatun Nisha, Tahmina Begum, Sayem Ahmed, Nurul Alam, Iqbal Anwar
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to document the trend on utilisation of four or more (4(+)) antenatal care (ANC) over the last 22 years period and to explore the determinants and inequity of 4(+) ANC utilisation as reported by the last two Bangladesh Demographic and Health surveys (BDHS) (2011 and 2014). METHODS: The data related to ANC have been extracted from the BDHS data set which is available online as an open source. STATA 13 software was used for organising and analysing the data...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Bola Lukman Solanke
BACKGROUND: Factors influencing contraceptive use and non-use among women of advanced reproductive age have been insufficiently researched in Nigeria. This study examines factors influencing contraceptive use and non-use among women of advanced reproductive age in Nigeria. METHODS: Secondary data were pooled and extracted from 2008 and 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS). The weighted sample size was 14,450 women of advanced reproductive age. The dependent variable was current contraceptive use...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam F Sawalha, Adham S AbuTaha, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter species are widespread zoonotic pathogens. Campylobacter jejuni causes a form of gastroenteritis called campylobacteriosis. Campylobacter drug resistance is considered a serious threat. In order to better understand national and international research output on Campylobacter, we conducted this bibliometric overview of publications on Campylobacter. This study can be used to assess extent of interaction and response of researchers, food regulators, and health policy makers to global burden of campylobacateriosis...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Stella T Lartey, Rasheda Khanam, Shingo Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Improving child health is one of the major policy agendas for most of the governments, especially in the developing countries. These governments have been implementing various strategies such as improving healthcare financing, improving access to health, increasing educational level, and income level of the household to improve child health. Despite all these efforts, under-five and infant mortality rates remain high in many developing nations. Some previous studies examined how economic development or household's economic condition contributes to child survival in developing countries...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
August Kuwawenaruwa, Gemini Mtei, Jitihada Baraka, Kassimu Tani
BACKGROUND: Inequity in access and use of child and maternal health services is impeding progress towards reduction of maternal mortality in low-income countries. To address low usage of maternal and newborn health care services as well as financial protection of families, some countries have adopted demand-side financing. In 2010, Tanzania introduced free health insurance cards to pregnant women and their families to influence access, use, and provision of health services. However, little is known about whether the use of the maternal and child health cards improved equity in access and use of maternal and child health care services...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Geeta Shakya, Jyoti Acharya, Shailaja Adhikari, Nisha Rijal
BACKGROUND: Shigella is a major cause of gastroenteritis especially in children. In developing countries, the incidence is frequent and results are often life threatening. Changing epidemiology and emerging antibiotic resistance warrants continuous monitoring of susceptibility. The present study highlights the changing epidemiology and drug resistance patterns of Shigella isolated at different hospitals of Nepal over a period of 13 years (Jan. 2003-Dec. 2015). METHODS: This study was carried out in 12 participating laboratories...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Nkechi G Onyeneho, Ngozi I'Aronu, Ngozi Chukwu, Uju Patricia Agbawodikeizu, Malgorzata Chalupowski, S V Subramanian
BACKGROUND: The study investigated the factors associated with compliance to the recommended ≥90-day uptake of micronutrients for prevention of iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy in Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1500 women who had babies within 6 months prior to the survey, drawn from six urban, peri-urban, and rural local government areas in Enugu and Imo States of Nigeria, was conducted, using a structured questionnaire. A focus group discussion was held with grandmothers and fathers of the new baby...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Alison D Gernand, Rina Rani Paul, Barkat Ullah, Muhammad A Taher, Frank R Witter, Lee Wu, Alain B Labrique, Keith P West, Parul Christian
BACKGROUND: The best method of gestational age assessment is by ultrasound in the first trimester; however, this method is impractical in large field trials in rural areas. Our objective was to assess the validity of gestational age estimated from prospectively collected date of last menstrual period (LMP) using crown-rump length (CRL) measured in early pregnancy by ultrasound. METHODS: As part of a large, cluster-randomized, controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, we collected dates of LMP by recall and as marked on a calendar every 5 weeks in women likely to become pregnant...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Jie Wei, Chao Zeng, Xiao-Xiao Li, Qian-Yi Gong, Guang-Hua Lei, Tu-Bao Yang
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have reported the association between magnesium (Mg) and diabetes. However, the various conclusions were inconsistent and the data on the Chinese population was limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association among dietary Mg, serum Mg, and diabetes in Chinese adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study that contained 2904 subjects was conducted. Biochemical test results and dietary intakes of subjects were collected for analysis...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Fatih Akın, Ahmet Sert, Şükrü Arslan
BACKGROUND: Mean platelet volume (MPV), which is commonly used as a measure of platelet size, indicates the rate of platelet production and platelet activation. We aimed to evaluate the mean platelet volume in children with hepatitis A. METHODS: In this retrospective case-controlled study, the study population consisted of 62 children with hepatitis A and 62 healthy control subjects. RESULTS: MPV values, aspartate transaminase (AST), and alanine transaminase (ALT) levels on admission were significantly increased in patients with hepatitis A when compared to controls whereas white blood cell (WBC) counts were significantly lower...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Indu Waidyatilaka, Angela de Silva, Maduka de Lanerolle-Dias, Sunethra Atukorala, Pulani Lanerolle
BACKGROUND: Valid skinfold thickness (SFT) equations for the prediction of body fat are currently unavailable for South Asian women and would be a potentially robust field tool. Our aim was to assess the validity of existing SFT equations against deuterium ((2)H2O) dilution and, if invalid, to develop and validate an SFT equation for % fat mass (%FM) in Sri Lankan women. METHODS: H2O dilution was used with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy as the criterion method for the assessment of %FM in urban Sri Lankan women (30-45 years)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Qian Yu, Zhong-Hua Liu, Tao Lei, Zihui Tang
BACKGROUND: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations between frequency of coffee intake and osteoporosis (OP) in a general Chinese male sample. METHODS: We conducted a large-scale, community-based, cross-sectional study to investigate the associations by using a self-report questionnaire to estimate the frequency of coffee intake. A total of 992 men were available for data analysis in this study. Multiple regression models controlling for confounding factors to include frequency of coffee intake variable were performed to investigate the relationships for OP...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Hua-Yin Li, Bang-Dang Chen, Yi-Tong Ma, Yi-Ning Yang, Xiang Ma, Fen Liu, Zhen-Yan Fu, Xiang Xie, Xiao-Mei Li, Shuo Pan, Chun-Hui He, Ying-Ying Zheng, Yun Wu, Jing Tao, Chun-Lan Dong, Ting-Ting Wu
BACKGROUND: To determine whether TG/HDL-C ratio, which has been shown to be an indicator of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and insulin resistance (IR), can predict cardiovascular risk factors in the Chinese Han population in Xinjiang. METHODS: The cardiovascular risk survey (CRS) was conducted from October 2007 to March 2010. A total of 14,618 representative participants were selected using a four-stage stratified sampling method. A total of 5757 Han participants were included in the study...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Nkechi G Onyeneho, Obianuju U Igweonu
BACKGROUND: Anaemia during pregnancy continues to constitute significant challenge to maternal health in Nigeria and contributes substantially to the worsening maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Nigeria despite a global reduction in MMR in response to effort to improve safe motherhood. The incidence of anaemia during pregnancy is still high (>40 %) in Nigeria, and attitudes and management practices are yet unclear as the peoples' understanding of the phenomenon remains unclear. This study explored the perceptions/attitudes on anaemia during pregnancy and practices to prevent and/or manage it in Anambra State...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Manuella Djomhou, Eugene Sobngwi, Jean Jacques N Noubiap, Mickael Essouma, Philip Nana, Nelson J Fomulu
BACKGROUND: Data on the prevalence and complications of gestational diabetes are very scarce in Cameroon. The aim of this study was to evaluate the uptake of screening for gestational diabetes and assess the immediate post-partum outcome of hyperglycemic parturient mothers and perinatal outcome of their babies. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was held at the Maternity of the Yaoundé Central Hospital from March to June 2013. One hundred volunteer women in labor without overt diabetes mellitus and having fasted for 8 to 12 h were recruited...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Elizabeth Bosede Famewo, Anna Maria Clarke, Anthony Jide Afolayan
BACKGROUND: Polyherbal medicines are used for the treatment of many diseases in many African and Asian communities. With the increasing use of these remedies, several investigations have shown that they are associated with a broad variety of residues and contaminants. This study investigates the presence of bacteria in the polyherbal medicines used for the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. METHODS: Bacterial DNA was extracted from the polyherbal medicines, and a fragment of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene was amplified by PCR with universal primers 27F and 518R...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
M Sirajul Islam, Zahid Hayat Mahmud, M Shafiqul Islam, Ganesh Chandra Saha, Anwar Zahid, Ahm Zulfiquar Ali, M Qumrul Hassan, Khairul Islam, Hasin Jahan, Yakub Hossain, M Masud Hasan, Sandy Cairncross, Richard Carter, Stephen P Luby, Alejandro Cravioto, Hubert Ph Endtz, Shah M Faruque, John D Clemens
BACKGROUND: Groundwater drawn from shallow tubewells in Bangladesh is often polluted by nearby pit latrines, which are commonly used toilets in rural and sub-urban areas of the country. METHODS: To determine the minimum safe distance of a tubewell from a pit latrine in different hydrogeological conditions of Bangladesh, 20 monitoring wells were installed at three study sites (Manda, Mohanpur and Bagmara) with the vertical and horizontal distances ranging from 18-47 to 2-15 m, respectively...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Janet Junqing Chu, Heiko J Jahn, Mobarak Hossain Khan, Alexander Kraemer
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is reported in university students with discrepancy between countries. The study objectives were to assess prevalence and associated factors of alcohol consumption among university students in Germany and China. METHODS: Data used were from 1853 Chinese and 3306 German university students. Alcohol consumption frequency was measured by a question "How often did you drink alcohol in the last three months?" with six possible responses, which were later collapsed into three categories of "At least once a week", "Less than once a week" and "Never"...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Dominika Głąbska, Dariusz Włodarek, Aleksandra Kołota, Aleksandra Czekajło, Bogna Drozdzowska, Wojciech Pluskiewicz
BACKGROUND: The diets of postmenopausal women in Western countries tend to be deficient in minerals, even if the energy value is at the recommended level. The objective of the presented population-based cohort study was to assess the intake of minerals (sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc and copper) in the diets of women aged above 55 years and to analyse the relations between BMI and mineral intake in this group. METHODS: The study was conducted in a group of 406 women who were randomly recruited from the general population of those aged above 55 years...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Taddese Alemu Zerfu, Melaku Umeta, Kaleab Baye
BACKGROUND: The nutritional status of women before and during pregnancy can be determined by maternal knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions towards certain foods. The present study aimed to explore maternal dietary habits, food taboos, and cultural beliefs that can affect nutrition during pregnancy in rural Arsi, central Ethiopia. METHODS: A qualitative, cross-sectional study, involving 38 key informant in-depth interviews and eight focus group discussions, was conducted among purposefully selected pregnant women and their husbands, elderly people, community leaders, health workers, and agriculture office experts...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"