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Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition

Alison D Gernand, Rina Rani Paul, Barkat Ullah, Muhammad A Taher, Frank R Witter, Lee Wu, Alain B Labrique, Keith P West, Parul Christian
BACKGROUND: The best method of gestational age assessment is by ultrasound in the first trimester; however, this method is impractical in large field trials in rural areas. Our objective was to assess the validity of gestational age estimated from prospectively collected date of last menstrual period (LMP) using crown-rump length (CRL) measured in early pregnancy by ultrasound. METHODS: As part of a large, cluster-randomized, controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, we collected dates of LMP by recall and as marked on a calendar every 5 weeks in women likely to become pregnant...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Jie Wei, Chao Zeng, Xiao-Xiao Li, Qian-Yi Gong, Guang-Hua Lei, Tu-Bao Yang
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have reported the association between magnesium (Mg) and diabetes. However, the various conclusions were inconsistent and the data on the Chinese population was limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association among dietary Mg, serum Mg, and diabetes in Chinese adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study that contained 2904 subjects was conducted. Biochemical test results and dietary intakes of subjects were collected for analysis...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Fatih Akın, Ahmet Sert, Şükrü Arslan
BACKGROUND: Mean platelet volume (MPV), which is commonly used as a measure of platelet size, indicates the rate of platelet production and platelet activation. We aimed to evaluate the mean platelet volume in children with hepatitis A. METHODS: In this retrospective case-controlled study, the study population consisted of 62 children with hepatitis A and 62 healthy control subjects. RESULTS: MPV values, aspartate transaminase (AST), and alanine transaminase (ALT) levels on admission were significantly increased in patients with hepatitis A when compared to controls whereas white blood cell (WBC) counts were significantly lower...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Indu Waidyatilaka, Angela de Silva, Maduka de Lanerolle-Dias, Sunethra Atukorala, Pulani Lanerolle
BACKGROUND: Valid skinfold thickness (SFT) equations for the prediction of body fat are currently unavailable for South Asian women and would be a potentially robust field tool. Our aim was to assess the validity of existing SFT equations against deuterium ((2)H2O) dilution and, if invalid, to develop and validate an SFT equation for % fat mass (%FM) in Sri Lankan women. METHODS: H2O dilution was used with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy as the criterion method for the assessment of %FM in urban Sri Lankan women (30-45 years)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Hua-Yin Li, Bang-Dang Chen, Yi-Tong Ma, Yi-Ning Yang, Xiang Ma, Fen Liu, Zhen-Yan Fu, Xiang Xie, Xiao-Mei Li, Shuo Pan, Chun-Hui He, Ying-Ying Zheng, Yun Wu, Jing Tao, Chun-Lan Dong, Ting-Ting Wu
BACKGROUND: To determine whether TG/HDL-C ratio, which has been shown to be an indicator of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and insulin resistance (IR), can predict cardiovascular risk factors in the Chinese Han population in Xinjiang. METHODS: The cardiovascular risk survey (CRS) was conducted from October 2007 to March 2010. A total of 14,618 representative participants were selected using a four-stage stratified sampling method. A total of 5757 Han participants were included in the study...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Nkechi G Onyeneho, Obianuju U Igweonu
BACKGROUND: Anaemia during pregnancy continues to constitute significant challenge to maternal health in Nigeria and contributes substantially to the worsening maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Nigeria despite a global reduction in MMR in response to effort to improve safe motherhood. The incidence of anaemia during pregnancy is still high (>40 %) in Nigeria, and attitudes and management practices are yet unclear as the peoples' understanding of the phenomenon remains unclear. This study explored the perceptions/attitudes on anaemia during pregnancy and practices to prevent and/or manage it in Anambra State...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Manuella Djomhou, Eugene Sobngwi, Jean Jacques N Noubiap, Mickael Essouma, Philip Nana, Nelson J Fomulu
BACKGROUND: Data on the prevalence and complications of gestational diabetes are very scarce in Cameroon. The aim of this study was to evaluate the uptake of screening for gestational diabetes and assess the immediate post-partum outcome of hyperglycemic parturient mothers and perinatal outcome of their babies. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was held at the Maternity of the Yaoundé Central Hospital from March to June 2013. One hundred volunteer women in labor without overt diabetes mellitus and having fasted for 8 to 12 h were recruited...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Elizabeth Bosede Famewo, Anna Maria Clarke, Anthony Jide Afolayan
BACKGROUND: Polyherbal medicines are used for the treatment of many diseases in many African and Asian communities. With the increasing use of these remedies, several investigations have shown that they are associated with a broad variety of residues and contaminants. This study investigates the presence of bacteria in the polyherbal medicines used for the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. METHODS: Bacterial DNA was extracted from the polyherbal medicines, and a fragment of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene was amplified by PCR with universal primers 27F and 518R...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
M Sirajul Islam, Zahid Hayat Mahmud, M Shafiqul Islam, Ganesh Chandra Saha, Anwar Zahid, Ahm Zulfiquar Ali, M Qumrul Hassan, Khairul Islam, Hasin Jahan, Yakub Hossain, M Masud Hasan, Sandy Cairncross, Richard Carter, Stephen P Luby, Alejandro Cravioto, Hubert Ph Endtz, Shah M Faruque, John D Clemens
BACKGROUND: Groundwater drawn from shallow tubewells in Bangladesh is often polluted by nearby pit latrines, which are commonly used toilets in rural and sub-urban areas of the country. METHODS: To determine the minimum safe distance of a tubewell from a pit latrine in different hydrogeological conditions of Bangladesh, 20 monitoring wells were installed at three study sites (Manda, Mohanpur and Bagmara) with the vertical and horizontal distances ranging from 18-47 to 2-15 m, respectively...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Janet Junqing Chu, Heiko J Jahn, Mobarak Hossain Khan, Alexander Kraemer
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is reported in university students with discrepancy between countries. The study objectives were to assess prevalence and associated factors of alcohol consumption among university students in Germany and China. METHODS: Data used were from 1853 Chinese and 3306 German university students. Alcohol consumption frequency was measured by a question "How often did you drink alcohol in the last three months?" with six possible responses, which were later collapsed into three categories of "At least once a week", "Less than once a week" and "Never"...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Qian Yu, Zhong-Hua Liu, Tao Lei, Zihui Tang
BACKGROUND: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations between frequency of coffee intake and osteoporosis (OP) in a general Chinese male sample. METHODS: We conducted a large-scale, community-based, cross-sectional study to investigate the associations by using a self-report questionnaire to estimate the frequency of coffee intake. A total of 992 men were available for data analysis in this study. Multiple regression models controlling for confounding factors to include frequency of coffee intake variable were performed to investigate the relationships for OP...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Dominika Głąbska, Dariusz Włodarek, Aleksandra Kołota, Aleksandra Czekajło, Bogna Drozdzowska, Wojciech Pluskiewicz
BACKGROUND: The diets of postmenopausal women in Western countries tend to be deficient in minerals, even if the energy value is at the recommended level. The objective of the presented population-based cohort study was to assess the intake of minerals (sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc and copper) in the diets of women aged above 55 years and to analyse the relations between BMI and mineral intake in this group. METHODS: The study was conducted in a group of 406 women who were randomly recruited from the general population of those aged above 55 years...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Taddese Alemu Zerfu, Melaku Umeta, Kaleab Baye
BACKGROUND: The nutritional status of women before and during pregnancy can be determined by maternal knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions towards certain foods. The present study aimed to explore maternal dietary habits, food taboos, and cultural beliefs that can affect nutrition during pregnancy in rural Arsi, central Ethiopia. METHODS: A qualitative, cross-sectional study, involving 38 key informant in-depth interviews and eight focus group discussions, was conducted among purposefully selected pregnant women and their husbands, elderly people, community leaders, health workers, and agriculture office experts...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Peter M Chege, Zipporah W Ndungu, Betty M Gitonga
BACKGROUND: HIV and AIDS affect most the productive people, leading to reduced capacity to either produce food or generate income. Children under-fives are the most vulnerable group in the affected households. There exists minimal information on food security status and its effect on nutritional status of children under-fives in households affected by HIV and AIDS. The aim of this study was to assess food security and nutritional status of children under-five in households affected by HIV and AIDS in Kiandutu informal settlement, Kiambu County...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Rochelle Holm, Philip Wandschneider, Allan Felsot, Golden Msilimba
BACKGROUND: Suppose 35 % of the households with children under 5 years of age in a low-income suburban neighborhood in a developing country have diarrhea where improved water sources are available. Clearly, something is amiss-but what? In addition to focusing on the need to examine water quality among water sources that meet the 'improved' category when assessing health risk, the relative importance of the range of transmission routes for diarrhea is unknown. In Malawi, relevant baseline data affecting human health are simply not available, and acquiring data is hampered by a lack of local analytical capacity for characterizing drinking water quality...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Nirali M Chakraborty, Mwende Mbondo, Joyce Wanderi
BACKGROUND: In Kenya, as in many low-income countries, the private sector is an important component of health service delivery and of providing access to preventive and curative health services. The Tunza Social Franchise Network, operated by Population Services Kenya, is Kenya's largest network of private providers, comprising 329 clinics. Franchised clinics are only one source of family planning (FP), and this study seeks to understand whether access to a franchise increases the overall use or provides another alternative for women who would have found FP services in the public sector...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Dickson A Amugsi, Anna Lartey, Elizabeth Kimani-Murage, Blessing U Mberu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Narayan Dutt Pant, Nimesh Poudyal, Shyamal Kumar Bhattacharya
BACKGROUND: Water-related diseases are of great concern in developing countries like Nepal. Every year, there are countless morbidity and mortality due to the consumption of unsafe drinking water. Recently, there have been increased uses of bottled drinking water in an assumption that the bottled water is safer than the tap water and its use will help to protect from water-related diseases. So, the main objective of this study was to analyze the bacteriological quality of bottled drinking water and that of municipal tap water...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Dickson A Amugsi, Anna Lartey, Elizabeth Kimani, Blessing U Mberu
BACKGROUND: Low-quality monotonous diet is a major problem confronting resource-constrained settings across the world. Starchy staple foods dominate the diets in these settings. This places the population, especially women of reproductive age, at a risk of micronutrients deficiencies. This study seeks to examine the association between women's decision-making autonomy and women's achievement of higher dietary diversity (DD) and determine the socio-demographic factors that can independently predict women's attainment of higher DD...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Dipti Govil, Neetu Purohit, Shiv Dutt Gupta, Sanjay Kumar Mohanty
BACKGROUND: Though Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) is successful in increasing antenatal and natal care services, little is known on the cost coverage of out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE) on maternal care services post-NRHM period. METHODS: Using data from a community-based study of 424 recently delivered women in Rajasthan, this paper examined the variation in OOPE in accessing maternal health services and the extent to which JSY incentives covered the burden of cost incurred...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
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